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The daily phoenix. (Columbia, S.C.) 1865-1878, October 16, 1866, Image 2

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COLUMBIA.
Tuesday Morning, October 16, I860.
Thc Position of the South.
It is lamentably true, that although
the Southern States aro deprived of
any opportunity of engaging in tin'
discussion of Federal polities, they
must be interested observers of all
that occurs at the North in relation
to these matters. Their fate, as well
as that of thc Avholc country, is now
in the balance, and they watch thc
result with a proper deep-felt interest.
Our cotemporary of thc New Orleans
Ci-esccnl says that the vindictiveness
of the sectional feeling has subjected
them to the injustice of being tempo?
rarily ejected from the Congressional
councils.
It is true their voice is no longer
heard in the legislative halls of the
Capitol, but in common with every
other section, they have a representa?
tive iu the Chief Executive of the
country. Mere spectators of the con?
test, in which their own interests and
the welfare of the country are so
deeply involved, they eau only give
expressions of their regret at thc mad
passions of the hour and applaud the
herculean efforts of the Chief Magis?
trate to stem the wild current of fa?
naticism, and preserve to the people
of the whole country some remains
of that liberty which it cost so much
to acqtiire, and which has been the
boast of so many generations.
Our cotemporary reviews the past
history of the country, ami says,
very appropriately and very justly, '
that since Mr. Lincoln delied the
mandate of tho Chief Justice and
placed himself above the Constitu.
tion, individual will has asserted its
supremacy over the wishes of a whole
people as expressed in the, fundamen?
tal law which was established for the
guidance of all. A supposed military
necessity, which ' regards rather the
comfort, or the supremacy of an in?
dividual, 1ms too often superseded
the more just ideas of public welfare
as expressed in the supreme law of
the land. The voice of justice lias
been often silenced by tho roll of the
drum, and the mandate, even of the
Chief Justice, has ceased to command
respect even from the junior lieute?
nants and the rank and file of colored
regiments. But while the ambition
of faction thus openly disregards the
restraints which the Constitution has
imposed upon power as a protection
to the rights of the citizen, the same
spirit of revolution which hus sapped
the foundations of State authority
under the Constitution, in one sec?
tion, is actively employed in inciting
other State authorities to defiance of
the general law. Radicalism is or?
ganizing throughout the North armed
insurrection against the General Go?
vernment, as a means of forcibly sub?
verting a Constitution which they
have not the means of legitimately
changing. The legitimate executive
of the country will not be a tool in
their hands to overwhelm thc country
under the ruins of Republican go?
vernment. He asserts and persists
in maintaining tho rights of the peo?
ple. He labors to vindicate the Con?
stitution and to maintain it in its
- purity. He is, therefore, au obstacle
in the way o* the revolution-but au
obstacle which the revolutionists
seem resolved to remove.
This seems to be the situation. It
is surrounded by clouds of porten
tious blackness. The liberties of the
whole people are at stake-but the
Northern people, only, are the actors
in this great drama. Let us hope
that moderate counsels may prevail
throughout the land, and that thc
dark clouds which now bear so omi?
nous a aspect may disappear, with?
out bursting in a storm which would
threaten with destruction the very
foundation of society.
GOOD SUGGESTION.-Tho Memphis
Appeal proposes a convention of tin
people of the South by duly elected
delegates, to meet at some centra'
point, and qualified by au immediate
csmmission from the people to ex
press their sentiments and vindicate
their policy and purposes from the fou
aspersions heaped upon them by tra
veling adventurers hailing from tin
South, and now on a pilgrimage
through the Northern States, awak
ening, by their slanders and false
hoods, the most intense auimosib
against us.
-.-?-*-?
The Scottish Rite of Masonry, i
high degree in that fraternity, "wa
administered in Memphis on Monday
under the auspices of Albert Pike.
Dt-ntli of n Valuta Citizen. ?
At a late hour last evening, we re?
ceived the painful announcement of
the death of Dr. R. W. Gibbes, Sr.
He has been ill for seyerijj months,
and the most painful apprehensions
were entertained for h'm for some j
days past. It is unnecessary to at- !
tempt to sketch the life and career of |
Dr. Gibbes in this brief paragraph, j
and we will t;ike occasion to do
his memory justice in a day or two.
The doctor was born in Charleston
on the 8th o i July, 1809, and was,
consequently, in his fifty-seventh
year. He was one of Columbia's best
beloved citizens, and there will bc
many tears shed this morning on
reading this announcement. We re?
cord his death as we would that of a
near relative, and extend to his
family our sincerest sympathies and
condolence.
''Fighting in ll??- Union."
Under this caption, we find au arti?
cle in thc Constitutional Union, pub?
lished at Washington. We copy it,
not on account of any peculiar merit
in tho question of originality, but
simply because of its appearance, just
at this time, in a leading and influ?
ential journal at thc national capital:
It will be recollected, that when se?
cession was proposed iu Virginia, the
movement was strenuously resisted
md opposed by her distinguished ci?
tizen, Gov. Henry A. Wisc. Mr. Wise
said it was best to wait, and see if the
Black Republican party, just entering
into the possession of power, would
commit any overt act of invasion of
the constitutional rights of the South?
ern States. If they did, then the
proper way to proceed was, in his
opinion, to resist such aggressions by
force, if necessary but not to attempt
to leave the Union; in other words,
as Gov. Wise said, that if necessary
to repel aggression, he was in favor
of lighting, but of "fighting in thc
Union."
What Gov. Wise then said was cor?
rect and true at the time, and it is
perfectly correct and true now, and
will be perfectly correct and true as
long as civil liberty has in this coun?
try a shadow of existence. As long
as civil liberty lias any existence in
this country, it will be necessary for
thc people, of whole or of part, when
their rights are invaded, and no re?
dress evidently can be had in the or?
dinary peaceable channels, to meet
aggressions by force-by fighting in
the Union.
We have now, at this present time,
a crisis of this nature. A powerful,
unscrupulous, desperate faction has
overthrown thc rights of certain
States of this Union, and through
them the rights of all the States in
the Union. This aggression should
be met speedily, and put down by
force, by filling in the Union. Ob
riously, it can be done in no other
way. The attempt to subject a ma?
jority of the white people of any
State toa mongrel minority composed
af whites and blacks, the attempt to
2xecute a law of a pretended Con?
gress in any State whose representa?
tives in number are equal to what tho
Constitution requires, should be re?
sisted and put down by force-by
fighting in the Union,'*?'necessary;
otherwise, there is obviously an end
af civil liberty; for any dominant fac?
tion in all time can follow such a
course if it is unresisted and allowed
to grow into a precedent. Therefore,
is the Black Republicans have made
this issue, I say let every Democrat
in every section of the country be
ready to meet it at once; if they per
iist, by fighting, but in no other way
;han "figliting in the Union.'"
CONSTITUTION.
The grading of the Charleston city
.ailwuy was commenced yesterday.
Hie route will be from the Exchange,
or old post office,) its down-town
erminns, and pass up Broad to Meet
ng, up Meeting to Calhoun, up Cal?
houn to King and through King to
Shepherd street, its up-town termi
ms. There will bo a double track
dong this entire distance. Besides
he main route, there will bo a branch
?oad, diverging from the double track
it tho corner of Meeting and Went
vorth streets, and proceeding
brough Wentworth and Rutledge
streets to Rutledge avenue mid thence
to the corner of Spring street.
TUE EASTEUX QUESTION.-The Lon
lon Times, of the 2Gth of September,
n an editorial on the Eastern ques?
tion, says: "The settlement of the
Eastern question involves a grave
general European catastrophe. The
piestiou admits of no pacific or diplo?
matic solution. It will have to be
.eferred to the ultima ratio.'"
THE RESULT.-The Repubi^an pa?
jera are somewhat hilarious over tho
.esnlt of the elections in Ohio, Penn?
sylvania and Indiana last Tuesday,
md claim that it is an endorsement
)f the radical programme through
nit, and, per consequence, the "con?
servative coalition" is broken to
pieces.
BENNETT ON THE THANKSGIVING
PROCLAM ATK >N. -Thu rsday's Herald
contains tlio following editorial jost
on a grave subject:
Tho President's proclamation, re?
commending Thursday, the 29th day
of November next, aa a general day
of thanksgiving, prayer and praise in
thc several States und Territories, wo
Lope will be adopted by all the State
and Territorial Governments, and
that all the churches-Protestant and
Catholic, dew ami (.?entile, Quaker,
Shaker, Mormon and Spiritualistic
will join in the devotions of the day
iii a spirit of brotherly love. Thus,
for ono day at least, let us hope that
President Johnson and Parson
Prov nlow, Beecher, Cheever and
Greeley, Ben. Butler, and Mayor
Monroe, of New Orlenus, Archbishop
McClosky, Bishop Potter and Rabbi
Raphal!, Governor Fenton and Thur?
low Weed, Fred. Douglass and the
IIou. Ben. Wood, warlike Anna Dick?
inson and tho irrepressible Brigham
Young, "Old Thad. Stevens" and
Henry A. Wise, and, in short, that
men and women of all sections, all
creeds and all colors, excepting tho
constitutional exception of "Indians
not taxed,"' may join for once in tho
same general exercise of praise,
thanksgiving, conciliation and for?
giveness, from Maine to California.
Such a day of general re-union and
thanksgiving among the churches,
saints and sinners of all denomina?
tions, always excepting "Indians not
taxed"-such a re-union, we say, on
tho civil rights equality of tho. law of
Congress on that subject, will surely
qualify all the people of all the States
for the ratification of the constitu?
tional amendments and the speedy
restoration of the Union on that solid
basis.
NAPOLEON ON RUSSIA AND AMERICA.
In Napoleon's circular of September
16, addressed to the diplomatie rep?
resentatives of France, occurs I hf
following remarkable paragraph:
"An irresistible power-can we re?
gret it?-impels the people to unite
themselves in grand masses, and is
causing the disappearance of second?
ary States. This tendency springs
from the desire to place general inte?
rests under the most efficacious of
guarantees. Possibly it is inspired
by a kind of providential foresight i-f
tho destinies of the world. While
tho old population of the continent
increases slowly in their restricted
territories, Russia and the republic of
the United States may cadi, within
the next hundred years, number a
huudred millions of men. Although
the progress of these two groat em?
pires is not for us a subject of solici?
tude, while rather we applaud their
generous efforts in favor of oppressed
races, it is for the interest of tho
nations of central Eur?pe not to re?
main broken up into little States,
without either force or public spirit."
? -?
ARREST OF COUNTERFEITERS.-The
Montgomery Mail notices the arrest
of two men. calling themselves S.
Doone, of Louisville, Ky., and S. E.
Hall, of New York, in that city,
charged with passing $100 counter?
feit bills. They aro well executed,
and the Mail advises parties to take
no bills of that denomination save
from responsible parties.
Tlie Merchants' Union Express
Company i.s an entirely new organiza?
tion, which commenced business at
No. 101 Broadway, New York, on
Monday lust. The capital stock of
the company is $20,000,000, which is
distributed among about 0.000 mer?
chants and shippers of freight
throughout the country.
A young lady named Sarah Ow ?ns,
residing near Spring Grove, in Lau?
rens District, was found dead, hang?
ing by the neck, on the morning of
the 0th instant. It is supposed that
she took her own life in a ht of men?
tal aberration, though no indication
had been given by her of such an
intention.
There probably never has been an
election where so few office-holders
have left Washington to vote. Out
of 8,000 Government ollicials, it is
not believed t hat 300 have gone home
to vote. On previous similar occa?
sions, there has been a general exodus
of office-holders.
A terrific riot occurred at Rich?
mond, Indiana, on Monday. The
grand army of the republic attacked
a conservative meeting. General
Meredith, Col. Bickel and Judge
Gooding were driven from the stand,
narrowly escaping with their lives.
A very large horse, recently im?
ported from Belgium, was on exhibi?
tion at Newton, N. J., a few days
ago. The animal is said to be twenty
hands high, and weighed 2,'3uM
pounds.
An old colored preacher, named
Edmund, lit) years old, has just
married an interesting young lady of
his own color and persuasion, whose
age is only 80 years.
Radicalism 'appears to bo on tho
rampage in Indiana, indulging in
rioting, bloodshed and other inno?
cent amusements, eougeuial to the
latter-day patriots of that school.
A wretch named James Biggins has
been arrested in Louisville, Kentucky,
charged with committ ing a rape on a
little girl between three, und four years
of age.
A despatch dated New Orleans,
October 10, .says: Cotton advices
are very discouraging. The general
estimate of this year's crop now
amounts to less than 1,000,001) bales.
The New York papers say 5,000
Fenians are going to Mexico.
MESSRS. EDITORS: You will much oblige ;i
subscriber by publishing the subjoined let?
ter of the Hon. 13. P. Moore, on thc sub?
ject of repudiation, stay laws, &c. Tho
author of thc letter, familiarly called ''Bat.
Moore," ranks as o?e of the first lawyers
in tho United States, ami hence his legal
opinions should have great weight. NV.
RALEIGH, September 17, 18t">(>.
Mr. Richard Short.
DEAR Sm: I have received yours, asking
my "opinion, in a few words, whether pri?
vate debts can be repudiated or not?"
I um greatly surprised that it is deemed
necessary io ask this question, altera na- i
tiona! existence of eighty years under tbe
Constitution "f the United States, ono
clause of which declares that "no Stute
shall pass any law impairing the obliga?
tion of contracts."
Now, ivery man is hound to support that
Constitution, and every sentence of it.
And every person who may become an
officer of the Stale or member of the Legis?
lature is compelled, as a necessary quali?
fication befor? laking his seat, to swear
that he will support said Constitution;
which he cannot do, and will not do, if li?
shall pass, or try to puss, any law impair?
ing thc obligation of contracts, livery law
which annuls u contract or repudiates it,
impairs the obligation of a contract, and
is, therefore, unconstitutional arid vend.
Ev? ry man who votes for it commits a per?
jury and lifts bis hand against the majesty
and honor of his country.
Surely, ?-?r, no man in our country would,
if he could, so dishonor himself or his
State, as to invite all men to break their
faith each with the other, and affix a stigma
on the name ot' North Carolina, which nu
lime may < ftacc. (cul forbid that my eyes
should ever behold this disgrace upon the
"Old North State." Such a condition would
place ber lower than any people of whom
we have any account.
1 have answered your question, andgono
somewhat beyond, but my surprise has
been the causo, l am, respectfullv, vours,
li. F. MOORE.
1". s. -The courts of the United States,
and (d' every State, have declared such le?
gislation void.
Ku roi??-.
A GENERAL WAU.
Thc London correspondent of the New
York Times offers the following specula?
tions on the warlike preparations, and the
probabilities of a general continental ex?
plosion in Europe:
( )n the continent the word is peace, with
the most active preparations ti :. war. The
Emperor lias selected the breech-loader,
which he considers the most effective in
the world, after a thorough trial of a great
number at Chalons, and has ordered the
rapid manufacture of'200.nco. The press
of Belgium, as well as of France, appa?
rently nu 'ur the sanie inspiration, is ex?
citing the public feeling against Prussia.
The people of Hanover have vainly pro?
tested against their annexation, and sub?
mit sullenly to their fate.
Candia is in insurrection, bul it is hoped
that it may be quieted without bloodshed.
But why an insurrection in Candia, an out
of the way Greeco-Turkish island? lt is
like one of those forgotten shelia of Col.
Schaftner, that unexpectedly exploded, or
the Charleston torpedoes, that went off
after the war was over. Count Bismark,
before he entered upon the war with Aus?
tria, had arranged for a whole system of
insurrections around Austria. Princ?
Chailes was sent to Roumania, mid there
were said to he explosions in Hungary,
Poland, Transylvania and the Christian
provinces of Turkey. The war ended al?
most before it began, with the victory of
Sadowa. The trains-so carefully laid were
not tired, hui this outlying island of Can?
dia, which was a part (d' the system, ex?
ploded, and the Sultan may thank Mr. Bis?
mark.
The Emperor of Austria is now at work
with great earnestness, re-organizing ids
Empire, his li nances and bis army. If he
..an do this, he is ail the stronger for the
loss (;f an unwilling province. He will also
he tho stronger for his disconnection from
Germany, while Prussia has the work of
reconciling and satisfying her annexed
populations, and the fate of all Southern
Germany is still to he decided. In two
years, the advantages given hythe needle
gun will have disappeared, lu two yeors
thc great exposition over - France will be
ready to pronounce her ultimatum. The
belief, or tho feeling, that there will be a
great war in Europe within two years, is
se?era!. In that war, it is probable that
Belgium, Holland, Denmark and European
Turkey will disappear from the map of Eu?
rope. France will advance to the Reine.
There will ho one great Germany. Austria
will move South and East, and Russia will
be upon the Bosphorus.
ALLEGED RUSSIAN SCHEJtE FOR A GENERAL
INSURRECTION.
The Eastern question- the pale spectre,
which so lately scared away.quiet from
Europe-seems again about to assume a
formidable aspect, it is no longer the in?
surrection of Candia alone which causes
uneasiness, but movements are beginning
in Epirus, and in the islands of Chios ami
: yprus, which, it is feared, are but the
pledges to tho extension of uneasiness
over a wide area, and, perhaps, but the
low rumbling noises which precedes an
earthquake. Tho Porte appears to per?
ceive the dancers of the present situation,
and to lie making urgent endeavors ir.
Candia, Chios and Cyprus to a<ui che
storm. Negotiations have been opened
between Constantinople and Greece, with
the view of preventing a Grecian expedi?
tion to ('?india; but the Government, of
Greece does not lind itself in a position.to
forbid such an undertaking: nay, it even
appears that ?I has no wish to do so. A
Constantinople correspondent of a German
paper says that in Candia thc whole
Grecian population is preparing for a
struggle, and that the (dd men, women
and children have been sent to Smyrna
and the neighboring islands. He concludes
his letter as follows:
"That Russia is continually stirring the
Greek lire is well known here. It is a
striking fact, that just at this time thc
Russian Envoy, Gen. Ignatioff, bas under?
taken a pleasure trip through Thestalia,
where there are also symtoms of ebulition.
The Ministers of War and of the Marino
have had a conference, which lasted
through half the night. Roumania also
causes us anxiety. Russia bespeaks the
protectorate (d' all tho Danubian princi?
palities. Where will this all end?"
The Correspondance Russe, on the other
band, defends Russia against such impu?
tations.
[Berlin Cor. Tendon 'finns, Sept. ll.
FREEDOM OE SPEECH IN MISSOURI.
The New York Times tells us that
G encrai Frank Blair attempted to
address a meeting at Cape Girardeau,
Missouri, on Saturday evening, but
was driven from the stand with stones
and followed to the hotel with hoot?
ing. Thc windows on the side where
General Blair was known tobe were
all broken.
The Government has commenced
to issue rations to tin; freedmen again
in Alexandria, Va. Many of them
aro without wood and in a starving
condition.
Tin- Impmrliinrnt.
The New York World, has tho following j
.admirable article mi Butler's threatened |
impeachment of the President:
This ingenious fallacy rests upon an as?
sumption which a little scrutiny will easily
explode. The assumption is. that an officer,
under impeachment stands in the same re?
lation to tho tribunal appointed to try him
that an ordinary criminal does to an ordi?
nary court. Because a court of justice
never tries a criminal uulessit has custody
of his person, it is inferred that the same
rule holds in tin' trial ol' an impeached
officer by the Senate. The analogy fails in
consequence of a total difference in the
liability of the persons accused. TheCon
stitution declares that "judgment incases
of impeachment shall not extend further
than removal from office" and disqualifica?
tion to bold any future office, lt is not
necessary for the Senate to have the cus?
tody of thc accused in order to inflict this
punishment. But an ordinary criminal, on
trial for theft, murder or other crime, is
liable to be punished hy inflictions on his
person. It would bo an idle folly to go
through the form of passing a sentence of
death or imprisonment, if the culprit was
beyond the reach of the officers ot' the law.
A person impeached of a crime otherwise
punishable than by deposition from office,
is also liable to the ordinary penalties of
the same crime by thc judgment of thc
ordinary tribunals. The impeachment,
having no other aim than to simply vacate
his office, can accomplish its purpose just
as well without the custody (d' his person
as with. Ile is summoned to appear on
thc same principle that the defendant in a
civil suit is summoned to appear. If he
stays away, he only waives his opportunity
of defence. An officer summoned to appear
and answer to an impeachment has those
three alternatives, with perfect freedom of
selection, namely: he may appear in per?
son; bo may appear only by counsel; or he
may decline to appear at ail. In the case
of Justice Samuel Chase, of the United
States Supreme Court, impeached in 1805,
tho Senate, after organizing ns a high court
of impeachment, adopted the following as
ono of its rules of proceeding:
"1(1. Thc person impeached shall then
be called to appear and answer the articles
of impeachment exhibited against him. If
he appears, or any person for him, the
appearance shall be ri corded, stating par?
ticularly if by himself of if by agent or
attorney; naming the person appearing,
and the capacity in which he appears. If
he doCs not appear, either personally or by
agent or attorney, the same shall be re?
corded."
lt is clear, from this weighty and au?
thoritative precedent, that Cen. Butler is
wholly wrong in his law. Instead ?d' the
President being taken into custody and
imprisoned, it depends on his voluntary
choice whether he will appear before the
court at all. If he appears, he is just as
free to appear by attorney as in person.
Judge Story, in his commentaries on tho
Constitution, describes at length th?; for?
malities observed in trials for impeach?
ment. We cite the following passage as
corroborating the inferences we have drawn
from thc rule of the court in Judge Chase's
case: "If lie" [tim person iuiTJfeached]
"docs not appear, in person or by attor?
ney, his default is recorded, and the Se?
nate may proceed ex parle to tho trial of
the impeachment. If he does appear in
person or by attorney, his appearance is
recorded."
There have been, in all, four casi's of
impeachment* since the beginning of our
Government -namely, that of Wm. Blount.
179'.); John Pickering", 1803; Samuel Chase;
1SU?, and James H. Peck, 1831. The law
governing such trials, as stated by Judge
Story, is founded on the precedents fur?
nished by 'hese four cases. The argument
of Gen. Butler, in support of the position
of Wendell Phillips, that the President
must necessarily be suspended from office
during the trial, falls to the. ground in the
face of this uniform usage. But, even if
the exploded assumption of Butler were
correct, the taking of the President into
temporary custody would not operate as a
suspension from office. If he should be
totally disabled for six weeks by typhus
fever, we suppose nobody is absurd enough
to nay that he would cease to be President
during bis illness, and that the President
of tin; Senate would bi" inducted into thc
executive chair. Thc Government would,
in that case, be administered by the heads
of departments, and papers requiring the
President's name would remain unsigned
until his recovery.
That his office could not be tilled by an?
other person during his transient disabili?
ty, may be shown by a conclusive analogy.
Suppose Chief Justice Chase should be im?
peached, would his office bc vacant during
Iiis trial? If so, the President could semi
to the Senate a nomination to till tho va?
cancy. Thc idea of his doing so is utterly
preposterous. The office can only be va?
cated after a conviction, and in conse?
quence of a sentence. To make the office
vacant, is the only penalty which the Con?
stitution allows against an officer impeach?
ed; and it is absurd to suppose that pun?
ishment can date from the accusation
instead of from the judgment.
If we were to hazard a conjecture as to
the course of the President, in case ho
should be impeached, it would be that bc
would object to tho competency of the
court, and refuse to appear. If, when the
law gives a man the benefit of twelve jury?
men, an iniquitous court should attempt
to try him before seven, be would refuse
to plead. The Constitution gives au im?
peached officer the right to be tried by
seventy-two Senators, and requires two
thirds of the number to convict. If the
radicals attempt to try the President by
fifty-two, he has a right to deny the juris
diction of a court of impeachment so com?
posed.
LAWLESS CONDUCT.-A friend in?
forms us that a party of young men
in Aiken ran off a Yankee negro
school teacher, night before last. The
act is deprecated by the law-abiding
portion of the community, who pro?
pose taking some steps to express
their condemnation. Such acts are
not only wrong in themselves, but do
incalculable injury to the South at a
time when we are seeking restoration
to our old political status. It is most
true that many of the teachers sent
niuoug us by the school commission
agencies of the North are doing mis?
chief in embittering the blacks
against the whites; but we know of
no way of getting rid of them, save
to let time open their eyes to the
truth, or for every community to
establish schools for the freedmen,
and thus take away the occupation of
the fanatics who are usually selected
to take charge of these schools under
the Northern commission.
[Angus/a Chronicle, 13///.
ANOTHER- CIVIL WAR.-The Phila?
delphia Age thinks that it is now
abundantly apparent that the radical
leaders aro bidding for another civil
war. They fear peace. L'niou, har?
mony and concord are not congenial
with their dark and guilty purposes.
?jOCal X"tO??3u?3
"PAL?BSTTO IRON WORKS." -Thu proprie?
tors of this old ?nd well known establish?
ment have just complot. 3 softie extensive
additions, and are now prepared to turn
out any kind ot iron work in the very best
style aa they*employ first cla.-s workmen
only. See their advertisement.
Tut: CITY FREE SCHOOL. This institu?
tion ha* been re-opened under very favor?
able auspices, and with a large number of
pupils; hut there is one serious draw-back
-the want of hook.;. Any of our citizens
having copies of the followiug books to
spare, would confer a favor by sending
them to the school, br to either pf ?
the Committee: Quackenbos' History of ^
tilt? United State.-: Davies' Series of Arith?
metics; Smith's English Grammar; Parker
<fc Watson's S?rico of National Headers;;
Cornell's Series of Geographies.
Tur. CIRCUS.- Dan Castcilo's "Great
Show," which attracted such immense
crowds of our citizens last winter, will bo
exhibited again on thc 27th instant. Our
exchanges throughout the country speak
well of it, and we learn that the attractions,
both inside and outside the canvas, have
been increased. We copy the followiug
from the WashingtonJC&nsi?ruft'onoZ Union,
of a late date:
"THE SPECTACLE OF TUF. DISENTHRALLED
LION.- For some days past, the public who
read the 'hand-writing upon the. wall," were
informed that a live lion was to lie let
loose upon thc streets. The announcement
emanating from the management of a
show, was received cum grono suits by
nearly all, while some radically declared
the winde thing to bean advertising dodge
-a regular 'hum.' Yesterday morning,
however, the hold h at was put into execu?
tion. At 10 o'clock, a vast crowd of people
assembled in front of Mr. Dan Castcilo's
tent to witness the procession start-the
knights in armor, tin- ladies appearing ad?
ditionally lovely in their court costumes,
and thc members of the band iu 'lloyal
lied,' thc horses elegantly caparisoned.
Shortly before the procession started, the
massive hon cage was wheeled into line;
by its side a newly gotten up car, elegantly
decorated From it descended Herr Lengef,
who opened the door of the den. and
brought forward a full grown lion. The
crowd fell back, the negroes lied wildly,
and the people looked surprised. As soon
as the hoy al African walked across tho
platform, ami was seated upon the pedes?
tal, loud cheers proclaimed that the pro?
mises made bv Mr. Dan Castello were ful?
filled."
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. - Attention ifican
od to the following advertisements, which
are published this morning for the first
time:
Wm. Glaze & Co.-- Palmetto Iron Works.
"William S."-Something Important.,.
W. T. Walter-- Sale of Old Iron, .Vc.
Columbia Lodge-Regular Meeting.
Ihm Castcilo's Great Show.
W. T. Waiter-Auction of Furniture!
J. S. McMahon -Cows Lost or Stolen.
J<1T< IMO ii Davin.
We have published the accountsof many
interviews with ex-President Davis, buttha
following, from George D. Prentice, editor
of the Louisville fourni:!, which he pub?
lishes in his paper, of the 5th iust., will ho
found highly interesting, just at this time:
In the course of an interview that wo
had with Jeff. Davis, in January, 1366, tl 10
subject of the terms of peace wa-s intro?
duced. Mr. Davin asked us what was the
chief objection of the Nert ii to the recog?
nition of Southern independence. We an?
swered that the North knew perfectly well,
as unquestionably he did, that if she should
lay down lier arras and consent to a divi?
sion of the Union into two confederacies,
she herself would very soon bo dissolved;
that state after State-States singly and
States combinedly-would secede, and tho
whole North bo split up into petty powers,
or no powers, irtl of them contemptible in
tho eyes of mankind, and not'one of them
willing or able to contribute to tho pay?
ment of the national debt. Mr. Davis re?
plied, with his characteristic calmness, that
this was certainly true, but that thc saino
thine; would happen, and probably happen
all the sooner, if the North should"continue
to prosecute the war. We thought, at the
time, that Mr. Davis was greatly mistaken,
and told him no. Wo still trust that wo'
were correct in our estimate of the charac?
ter of bis opinion, but just now we eau
indulge no over-confidence that we were.
Tho North continued to prosecute tho war,
and the South, after the bravest and most
desperate resistance known in war's annals,
was conquered. But now comes the North's
trials. Now we aro to?iee the test of her
internal strength. If. out of the dreadful
war between the North and the South, a
Northern civil war arises: if Northern
armies march against each other, ven?
geance before them, and blood and death
and desert behind, many Northern States
will ve ry soon weary and sicken of the bor-,
ri<l work, and will probably adopt seces?
sion, as the surest and quickest remedy,
fullv relying upon the mighty troubles and
perils of the Federal Gove rnment as a per?
fect security against coercion. Most likely
the North-western States will go off first,
repudiating, of course, their proportion of
thc public debt, ami thus piling higher thp
monstrous financial burden upon tho
shoulders of the remaining States. These
will have neither the will nor tlie ability to
bear up under the crushing weight, and MO
others will secede, and then others, till tho
whole North shall bc divided up into such
poor, little, non-debt-paying, feeble mock
nationalities, as a citizen of one of the
Mexican States, or of the South American
republics, or of one of the petty, misera?
ble German principalities, might look upon
with contempt and scorn. Jeff. Davis' de?
claration to us as to tlie consequences of
the war to the North, if prosecuted, will
bc amply vindicated, and whatever resent?
ments, if any, he cherishes against t%
North, will bu abundantly satisfied. ?vo
teil the Northern fanatics as a lover of
nur whole country, we solemnly tell them
that, unless madness has seized upon their
hearts and brains, they will not insist on
pushing the dissensions between tho Pre?
sident and Congress to the- lighting point.
They may rest assured that if the light
comes, it will be to them such au one as
they have no account of in cither history
ir tradition. They will find it an infinitely
different thing from the war of the rebel?
lion, dreadtul as that was throughout all
its annals. They will lind themselves a
livided people," divided almost equally,
livided and mutually hostile, whilst tho
srhole population of thc South will bo a
unit, able to strike for their friends, or
stand afar from the dash, the crack and
die roar of war, as may seem best Ut them.
The thick cloud now enveloping the South
nay be partially lifted; but night and
<torm, surcharged with bloody rain, will
?iOse over the North.

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