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Daily Paper $8 a Year
'Let our Just Censure
Attend the True Event.'
Tri-Weekly $5 a Year
BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
COLUMBIA, S. C., TUESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 2. 1866.
VOLUME II-NO. 16^
PUBLISHED DULY AND TRI-WEEKLY.
EVEUY WEDNESDAY MORNING.
BY JULIAN A. SELBY. ;
STATE AND CITY .PRINTER.
Daily Paper, six months.$4 00
Tri-Weeklv, " " . '2 50
Weekly, " ? " . 1 50
Inserted at 75 cents per square for thc first
insertion, and 50 cents for each subsequent.
Weekly 75 cents each insertion.
V?T A liberal discount made on the above
rates when advertisements arc inserted by
tlie month or year.
Justice to thc South.
The editor of the New?ork Times,
whatever may be his occasional party
somersaults, sometimes writes the
truth for his Northern readers. In
the subjoined article, from its issue of
Monday, he correctly defines "the
political feeling of the South," and
our only wonder is, that a writer who
confessedly understands the true po?
sition of the people of the Soiith, as
is shown by the present article,
should urge them to adopt the de?
grading constitutional amendment
now'presented to them:
The correspondence which we pub?
lish in this journal from time to time,
from all the States of the South, is
such as to give our readers a very
just and comprehensive idea of the I
political feeling, the material condi?
tion and thc general prospects of
those States. \\Te have given great
prominence to this correspondence
ever since the close of the war, be?
cause we believe there is nothing of
higher importance to the welfare of j
the country, present and future, than
the proper adjustment of those inter
nal relations which were disturbed by
tho rebellion; while tho Northern
people, iu whose hands this work of
adjustment is placed, can only act
upon it intelligently and wisely
through a knowledge of the actual
condition of things in the South, and
un appreciation of the sentiments
and ideas which have sprung up in
place of those that were rooted out
by the sword. There have been great
interests and prejudices, personal,
political and sectional, at work mis?
representing everything Southern,
until we can well believe that those
whose information is limited to these
sources should be utterly unwilling to
permit the Southern States to enjoy
political fellowship and equality with
the other members of the Union, and
should regard the political slavery
and military rule demanded for these
States by Wendell Phillips aa being
the only thing capable of keeping
them in order.
It is difficult to generalize about
anything whatever relating to a popu?
lation so large aud so varied, and co?
vering a region so vast, as that of the
ten excluded Southern States. But
we can, perhaps, by studying the
action of their Legislatures, the
voice of their press, the issues and
results of such local elections as they
are permitted to hold, and the letters
of intelligent and unprejudiced cor?
respondents, arrive at some broad
facts which will guide us to compre?
hensive conclusions, and enlighten
the North as to its duty toward the
It is certain that, looking in all
these directions, we fiud supera -
bounding professions, if not proof,
that the Southern people accept, in
all their bearings, what are termed
the "results of tho wctr." They pro?
claim this i.t ev erv locality, and by
every means of expression, if not by
every form of practical action. They
repel, in the most vigorous fashion,
all insinuations to the contrary. They
nssert, in the most positive manner,
that they can have no quarrel with
the North on this ground. They
huve even proclaimed themselves
willing to accept the conqueror's in?
terpretation of theso results, and,
when they could not ratify it, at least
to abide by its consequences. In the
greatest and most vital matters, such
as tho repeal or nullification of the
ordinances of secession and tho adop?
tion of the amendment abolishing
slavery, they claim to have given the
Ugliest proof that their professions
4fi- gonuine, while tho individual
States have added to this, in almost
every instance, by conforming their
local legislation to the altered condi?
tion of their institutions, and the
change in tho status of tho blacks.
The extent to which this has been
carried, tho great number of details
to which it has been applied, and the
profound influence it has had upon
old customs, traditions and preju?
dices, can only be properly appre?
ciated by those who, having a know?
ledge of Southern life and inatitu
rions Southern Legislatures. Moro- j
over, every one must know by this |
time how universally all this has been j
acquiesced in and approved by the |
Southern people. ?o people has
ever been more unanimous in any?
thing, lt far exceeds the unanimity
of tlie South at the opening of tho
war, aud exceeds even tho unanimity
of the Venetians in declaring for
union with the Kingdom of Italy a
few weeks ago.
Wo think that in these few indis?
putable facts, there is a conclusive
auswer to the oft-repeated charge
that the South is still contumacious
that its rebellious spirit is still un?
conquered, or that it still indulges in
the hope of regaining what it lost by
the war. Whatever may bo said
about other matters, we are sure that
from these charges the South must be
acquitted upon the evidence it has
already furnished. And in acquit?
ting it of these charges, wo neces?
sarily assume quite another style of
dealing witli it from what we should
adopt if they were true. It is on the
assumption of their truth that the
more violent radicals have been able
to gain such successes ?is they have
met with throughout tho country;
and we are' satisfied that no more is
needed to secure the just political i
claims of the Southern States than j
that the people of the North should
apprehend the facts as they really
From So ut Ik Carolina.
A Charleston correspondent of the
New York Times, after referring to
the political feeling in this State,
thus refers to other matters:
A dozen movements aro on foot, in
various sections of the State, for the
erection of cotton factories, by which
it is hoped that cadi neighborhood I
will ere long be able to send the royal
staple to market in an at least par?
tially manufactured condition. Not?
withstanding the prevailing poverty
of the agricultural classes, .tho more
substantial planters, by clubbing i
their surplus moans, have beeu able I
to begin the construction of fae tories, I
and, in the course of the next veal?
er two, it is expected that the amount
of capital invested in the cotton
manufacturing interest hereabouts
will have become quite considerable.
Tlie preparations that are in progress
for tho planting operations of the
ensuing year are of a very extensive
character. There has been a visible
improvement of late in the disposi?
tion of the field negroes. They are
evidently beginning to comprehend
that freedom does not mean a com?
plete immunity from labor; and the
large majority of these poor ignorant
creatures are rapidly following the
example long ago set them by the
more intelligent and provident of
their number, in seeking to make
advantageous yearly contracts with
the besi employers they can find.
The planters have not been slow to
notice the increased alacrity of thejr
late slaves, and taking heart there?
from, they are extending their plans
far beyond what they deemed prac?
ticable three months ago. If the sea?
son he moderately propitious, it is
moro thau likely that the crops, next
year, throughout this entire section
of country, will be at least as good as
they have ever been in the most pros?
The preseut crop proves to be much
better than the terrible drought of
August and September led the plant?
ers to expect. Cotton, it is true, is a
decided failure; but the corn and
other grain crops have turned out ?
surprisingly well, considering the cir?
cumstances of the case. The rice
crop is really splendid, and, at the
prevailing enormously high price, will
go far toward enriching all who have
planted. The only difficulty is, that
too largo a proportion of the best
: rice louds on the coast have been suf?
fered to lie idle. Ex-Gov. Aiken has
harvested a very largo and valuable
crop of rice on Jehossee Island.
. JOHN BRIGHT'S LAST ADDRESS.-On j
October 30, John Bright was enter- ?
tained by his friends and admirers in j
Dublin at a banquet. In his address, j
besides advocating tho reform princi- j
pies which have made him so famous, !
he considered the unfortunate condi- j
tion o? tho Irish people, and advo- !
cated conciliation by Great Britain, j
He ridiculed the policy of England of i
sending troops to America to light
tlie Fenians, as being of the saifie
character as Lord North's policy of
j sending troops hither during the
j Revolutionary war. Ho said that
i America was now tho land of tho
i Irishman's dearest hopes, and tho ono
j in which a great part of thc suffering
I people of Ireland had found a happy
Indications of quicksand in the
j Chicago tunnel havo mado tho work
! men very cautious.
Immigration ami Emigration.
The National Intelligencer says:
It is stated by telegraph that a
ship-load of German immigrants
have arrived at Charleston, S. C.,
while at the same time a vessel was
loading at Charleston to tato out an
accession of blacks to thc colony cf
Liberia. This is an interesting spec?
tacle, and suggests food for thought.
Whites to this country, blacks to
Africa-the two tides running in pre?
cisely opposite directions across the
"We feel tho deepest interest in and
sympathy for the colored race in the
United States. We -wish all that is
possible dono for their tiue happi?
ness and advancement. Thc spirit of
the age demands it, justice and hu?
manity require it. But the most
expedient course to pursue in this
regard is not so obvious as some per?
sons suppose. We confess that we
do not see our way clear to the high?
est degree of happiness of the black
race miugled in large masses with the
whites. Many think it would be to
thc rora idvantage of tho blacks if
they could b^ located somewhere in
one O? more of thc "West India
Islands, orin Central America, where,
under tho protection of the United
States, relieved from the depressing
prejudices of caste, they inight ad?
vance to as great happiness and pros?
perity as possible. But, waiving this
point, we realizo that there never can
be stable peace in this country until
the colored race aro made entirely
equal before the law in regaadto civil
rights. It is desirable that, alter
long and injurious agitation, the
South should spontaneously do this.
It is the interest, tho highest inte?
rest, of the South to treat their
colored imputation with the utm'ost
liberality and kindness. Immense
consequences undoubtedly depend
upon this. In this regard, we are
happy to say, very advanced steps
have already boen taken. The South
must not bo Africanized, but the
colored element should, and doubt?
less wiil, be kindly and justly dealt
A special despatch to thc Now York
Times, of Tuesday, saya:
The President visited Mr. Seward,
this evening, and remained with the
latter about an hour. Visitors at the
White House failed to get interviews
with Mr. Johnson.
Hon. John Morrissey announced,
to-day, that he has $10,000 to spend,
if necessary, to procure tho election
of Mr. Greeley to the United States
Senate. He says Mr. Greeley favored
him, and he, (Morrissey,Hherefore,
goes for Greeley. Mr. Mori issey had
interviews, to-day, with theProsident,
Secretary McCulloch, J-en. Rawlings
and other gentlemen in position here.
Another call co-operating with that
previously published by the Soldiers'
and Sailors' Union, of this city, fora
mass welcome to thc radicals in Con?
gress, has been issued by the live
committees representing thc Union
Leaguo of America, the District Be
publican, German Radicals and Equal
Suffrage Associations, six Councils of
the Union League, white and colored,
the Colored Soldiers, and tho Equal
The mass welcome will he held on
Saturday, the 1st of December. A
banquet is also proposed, on Monday
A large number of radicals, from
Maryland and Virginia, have signified
their intention of joining in tho de?
PERMANENT INVESTMENT.-The New
York Sun gives the following conso?
lation to the British Confederate
The English holders of rebel bonds
still seem to be troubled with the hal?
lucination that they will, some day,
realize from their investment in the
defunct Southern Confederacy. This
delusion manifests itself at intervals
and under different phases. Accord?
ing to our accounts tho afflicted
bond-holders aro just nov laboring
under the phantasy that they can, in
some way, attach the money due to
the United States from England upon
the Alabama claims, for tho liquida?
tion of their claim upon the deceased
S. C. It does not appear just how
they propose to arrange this little
matter, but they apparently imagine
that the United States is aa idiot.
Such is lunacy. Tho rebel bond?
holders have about the same prospect
of getting back their investment in
the Confederacy that the latter has of
coming to life again; not so much as
that, in fact, for tho ex-rebels have
repudiated both theso bonds and the
silly Englishmen AVIIO invested mo?
ney in them. The only consolation
that we can give tho bond-liclders is,
the assurance that their investment is
perfectly good, so long as they don't
waut to use the money. For a secure,
permanent investment, wo know o?
? none better than theirs.
INTERESTING DECISION.-Jiu"! ge
Giles, of thc United States Circuit .
Court of Maryland, in thc case of the :
Jackson Insurance Company, of Mein
I phis, Tenn., rs. James A. Stewart,
I has decided that "private interests
! are protected and bonn fide contracts
I made beforo the breaking out of a j
war arc suspended dining its exist- j
once, but revive at its termination."
The action was on a bill of exchange
drawn in Memphis in February, 1SGG,
at sixty days, on James A. Stewart,
payable at the Farmers' and Planters'
Bank in Baltimore, and accepted by
Stewart, but protested for non-pay?
ment April 2G, 1SG1. The plea of
<;.e statute of limitation was put in,
but the court affirmed that the statute
did not run from August IG, 1SG1, to
June 13, 1865, the dates of the pro?
clamations of war and peace. Dur?
ing this interval, no interest was
allowed, but judgment was given for
principal and interest exclusive of
I this interval.-National Intelligencer.
^ POSITION GP W. H. 'PRESCOTT, ESQ.
-A special Washington despatch to
the Cincinnati Commercial, says:
The movement of leading Demo?
cratic newspapers in tho East and
West in favor of impartial suffrage
has caused a decided sensation in
Washington, especially among offi?
cials and Southern men. The latter
declare that tho South will accept
impartial suffrage in preference to
ratifying the constitutional amend?
ment. A well known New Orleans
editor, now here, favors it, and the
Hon. W. ll. Trescott, of South Caro- ?
lina, who was an officer of thc Con?
federate Government, and formerly
Assistant Secretary of State under
Buchanan, arrived here to-day, and
says South Carolina prefers it to the
amendment. It is rumored to-night
that the President will recommend
universal amnesty for impartial suf?
frage in his forth-coming message.
Tho Chicago Times contains sub?
stantially the above.
SrEciE PAYMENTS.-Tho New York
Times, noticing the rumor about Mr.
McCulloeh's intention to urge an i
early return to specie payments, says
there is no foundation for it, and
that neither in the President's mes?
sage nor in the report of the Secre?
tary of tho Treasury will the idea be
suggested. The Times remarks, and
very wisely, that wc may more rea?
sonably look for an increase of na?
tional banks than a more rapid
reduction of greenbacks than four
millions per month, the amount au?
thorized by an Act of the last Con?
A YOUTHFUL, For.GEit.-A remark?
able forgery ease has occurred in New
York. William A. Marsh, a boy six?
teen years of age, on Thursday forged
the name of James A. Dorman to a
check for 820,000 on the Sixth
National Bank and presented it. The
clerk would have paid it, as he
believed tho signature to be genuine, ?
but Mr. Dorman did not have that j
amount in bank, and becoming sus- ?
picious, he sent fora detective. The
boy when arrested confessed to the I
forgery and was committed for trial, j
THE DICTIONARY OF CONGRESS.- ?
Among the documents soon to be
issued from the Government press ia
Washington, will be a revised and
greatly enlarged edition of Lanman's
"Dictionary of Congress." It will
contain between four and five thou?
sand brief biographies, and the offi?
cial information composing its
ample appendix will be brought
dovu to the close of tho last session
of Congress. It will not be for sale,
as no copies except thc Government
edition will be printed.
The Newburyport Herald tells a
story of a newly-married couple who
attended a launch in that city. A
staging gave way and let the gentle?
man iuto the water. Before he was
rescued, his wig came off and floated
away. When he was pulled out, bald
and drenched, his wife refused to re?
cognize him, and besought the crowd
that they would save her husband,
pointing frantically to a bunch of
hair drifting down the tide.
TRAVEL- TO EUROPE.-It seems that
travel from New York to Europe con?
tinues very brisk, especially by the
French packets. The coining World's
Fair in Paris is even now attracting
many American families thither. The
exposition does not commence till the
spring, it is true, but, as one can live I
cheaper in Paris than here, just now, I
what is lost in timo is gained in '
Thc Springfield Republican says:
"Heenan, Morrisey 's old antag?
onist, is living at New York in ease,
having amassed a fortune. Ho envies
Morrisey's career and is in training
for Congress. Perhaps an| education
in the prize ring will some!imo be
considered tho principal qualification
of a candidate for Congress. "
Gen. Jeff. C. Davis reports to the
Commissioner of the Freedmen's Du- ?
reau that the civil authorities in Ken?
tucky manifest an indifferent e about
outrages on freedmen, and that the :
county courts are generally prompt to j
use their influence in shielding the)
offenders. Forty-two outrages of this
sort are reported for October, and j
only seven arrests have been made.
The printing offices and editorial
rooms of the principal newspaper in
Lima are enclosed within a '"lovely
garden of flowers, sparkling fountaius
and gold fish, and tame, gaudily
plumed, sweetly-whistling birds; who
never desert their little Eden spot,
where contentment grows for them
like the very flowers whoso honey
they love to sip." Gracious!
It is stated by parties authorized
to speak for the Republic of Mexico,
that it is the firm intention of Presi?
dent Juarez to order an election, in
accordance with the constitution,
for a president and members of Con?
gress, as soon as it shall be prac?
ticable to do so.
The Richmond Examiner urges the
importance to the South of a South?
ern publishing house. It wishes thc
"distinctive individuality" of that
section to be preserved. It would
have the proposed house situated in
Richmond, and thinks that it should
obtain flic sanction of the University
Pheonix Hall, the only theatre iu
Petersburg, was destroyed by fire at
at an carly hour on Sunday morning.
The building was insured for eight or
nine thousand dollars in thc Metro?
politan office, New York, which
covers only about one-htlf of the
Tho remains of 00,000 deceased
Union soldiers have been identified
and re-interred by the United States
THE MDIM HOUSE.
THIS long-established Private
:WTtV Boardiug House, formerly kept bv
iitSLMrs. J. S. Pawls, is nov."- in good
order ami condition for tho accommodation
of Regular and Transient BOARDERS.
The rooms are largo and comfortable, and
the tablo well supplied with thc best the
market alfords. Tho charges are mode?
rato, being lower than any other establish?
ment of the samt; class in this city. Every
attention will be bestowed upon those who
may favor her with their patronage.
Members of tho Legislature can also be
accommodated on reasonable terms.
Nov 10 12 Mas. JAS. CLENDINING.
TM UTI HE.
THE U NDERSIGNED
having leased the above
named POPULAR HOTEL,
begs leave to inform her
former patrons and the traveling imbin
gcnerallv that she will be preoared for the
RECEPTION OP VISITORS on and after
September 3, 1866.
The table will bo supplied with thc best
thc markets afford, and no effort, spared
t o make it A FIRST-CLASS HOUSE.
Atr.s. D. C. SPECK,
Columbia, S. C., September 1, "iSUG.
Oe 4 . :Jmo
BUM BOOK MANUFACTORY !
Opposite J. C. Dial's Hardware ?tore,
MAIN" STREET, COLUMBIA, S. C.
BLANK BOOKS KULED
TO any pattern, paged and bound in the
best possible mai.ncr, with iTinted
Headings, when required. Tho attention of
COMMISSIONERS IN EQUITY,
AND ALL PUBLIC OFFICERS
Is particularly invited.
A I.AKOE STOCK. 05
Blank Book Paper!
Of tho best quality, always on hand.
Special attention given to the RINDING
of MUSIC, OLD BOOKS and FILES and
all other work, in plain or ornamental
?S" Orders sent to and contracts made
directly with me, will SAVE MONEY, as I
am prepared to do work at but a SMALL
ADVANCE on NEW YORK PRICES.
My business motto is: Promptness, Eco
nomy and Substantial Work.
E. I*. ?TOKES.
SPECI AL NOTU?KS_
SWEET OPOPOXAX FROM MEXICO! New,
very rare, rich and fashionable perfume.
The finest ever imported or manufactured
in United States. Try it and be convinced.
A NEW PERFUME! Called Sweet Opoponax
from Mexico, manufactured by E.T. Smith
& Co., New York, is making a sensation
wherever it is known. Is very delicate,
and its fragrance remains on thc handker?
chief for days.-PhilacVa Evening Bulletin.
SWEET OPOPOSAX! New Perfume from
Mexico. The only fashionable Perfume
und ladies' delight.
SWEET OPOPONAX'. The only elegant Per?
fume. Is found on all toilets, and never
stains the handkerchief.
SWEET OPOPONAX! ls tho sweetest Ex?
tract ever mad?. Supersedes all others.
Try it once; will usc no other.
SWEET OropoN.vx! Ladies, iu theil morn?
ing calls, carry joy and gladness, when
perfumed with Sweet Opoponax.
FEVERS, CHILLS, AGUES, &C.
Tho cause of fever is tho contamination of
tho blood by som-: morbific agent. Tho
nerves connected with nutrition and or?
ganic contractility suffer alteration in their
composition. The muscles, deprived of
nervous influence, begin to waste, and this
wasto produces heat. Tho heart is in?
creased in its action, and the blood is ren?
dered still more impure by receiving tho
wasted tissues by the continued action of
tiic morbid agent, ris well as by the func?
tions of the lungs, liver and spleen being
impeded. Purify, therefore, the springs of
lifef tho blood. Use the "Queen's Delight,"
thc great blood remedy, and all morbid
agents will bo removed. Tho Queen's De?
light has cured many cases of contamina?
tion of tho blood, chill and fever, typhoid
fever; eruptise fever will be prevented by
tho free use of thc Queen's Delight. For
salo by FISHER A HEINITSH, Pharmacists.
Nov 11 _mw
BE OX THE ALERT! DANGER IS
A.T HAND!-This has been a sickly season.
The medical faculty prophecy evil in tho
future. They think pestilence is on tho
wing for America. Suppose this to bo
truo, what, is the best defence against it?
Redoubled nervous vigor. This is the only
protection against panic, as well as against
thc principio of infection. Why do not
those who predict the epidemic proposo an
adequate preventive? There is one-a
tonic, nervine and alterative, competent to
shield the system against tho subtle cle?
ments of disease, whether they float hither
on tho winds from distant lands, or rise
liko vapor from our own soil, or are incor?
porated with tho universal fluid. This one
preventive, of which there is no duplicate
among thc compounds, either of the Old
World or tho New, is IIOSTETTER'S STO?
Remember that it is a specific for all the
complaints which lay the system open to
visitations of deadly epidemics. If you are
dyspeptic, it renews the vigor of your di?
gestive powers, gives you appetite and re?
stores your cheerfulness. If you are
nervous, it invigorates every libre of your
nervous system, from the base of the brain,
where it begins, to the extremities, where
it terminates. If you are bilious, it disci?
plines your unruly liver raul brings the ?
action of that organ into harmony with
the laws of health. It is, in short, an in
vigorant and alterative so powerful that
nature, with llostetter's Bitters for her
aliy, may bid defiance alike to nativo mala?
ria and loreign infection. If thia enemy we
hear of-this disease which is desolating
Europe-is really bound hitherward, it be?
hooves the prudent to put on their armor,
to clothe themselves with invulnerability
as far as human means will permit, by pre?
paring the system for resistance with this
pure vegetable antidote. Nov 16 f6
ARTIFICIAL E YES-ARTIFICIAL
HUMAN EYES made to order and inserted
by Drs. F. BAUCH and P. GOUGELMANN,
(formerly employed by Boissonneau, Paris,)
No. 399 broadway. New York. Oct 17 ly
COLGATE'y HONEY SOAP.
This celebrated Toilet Soap, iu auch
universal demand, is mado from tho
choicest materials, is mild and emol?
lient in its nature, fragrantly scented,
and extremely heneilcial in its action
upon the skin. For sale by all Druggists
and Fancy^oods Dealers._March 28 ly
Next door West of the Post Office.
TREVET & BERACrHI
WOULD respectfully inform their
friends and thc public in general
that they have opened a RESTAUEAN"J>at
tho above place, where the very best of
everything in tho way of eating and drink?
ing can be obtained at short notice.
CREAM ALE on draught.
LUNCH every day from ll to 1 o'clock.
Fresh OYSTERS constantly on hand.
Julv 10 _
ITNDER resolution of the General As
J sembly, the undersigned will receive
proposals for the PRINTING of the Daily
lournals of the Senate and House of Rep?
resentatives and other current work of tho
next session; also, for printing tho Perma?
nent Work. The work to correspond in
type, material and execution with the work
iieretofore done, except that bids will be
received for either Bourgeois or Long
Primer type. Sealed proposals to be sub?
mitted to thc two Houses, through the
undersigned, on MONDAY, the 26th inst.
WM. E. MARTIN,
JOHN T. SLOAN,
Clerk House Representatives.
Columbia, Nov. 10, 1866. NOT ll