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title: 'The daily phoenix. (Columbia, S.C.) 1865-1878, November 24, 1866, Image 2',
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Saturday Morning:, JNov. 24, 1866.
ItcroiiNf met ion.
Our attention has boen called to the
fifth article of tho Constitution of the
United States, which declares that
"the Congress, whenever two-thirds
of both houses shall deem it neces?
sary, shall propose; amendments to
this Constitution, or on die applica?
tion cf thc Legislatures of two-thirds vj
the several States, s7iall call a convention
for proposing amendments."
The Phoenix, nearly six months
ago, and while the propositions now
pending before the States were pend?
ing before Congress, took the posi?
tion that tho conflict between thc
President andCongress, as to the pro?
priety of the latter department of the
Government proposing amendments
to the Constitution, wliile a portion
of the States were unrepresented in
Congress, and the feeling which such
a course on the part of Congress
would inevitably arouse, made it ex?
pedient to leavo the proposed amend?
ments to the actions of State Legisla?
tures, to calling a general convention
of all the States.
Every day's observation sinco that
time has tended to confirm the wis?
dom of this view, and we are pleased
to see that prominent men and jour?
nals in various sections of the coun?
try agree to the proposition. From
tho Nashville Union and American,
wc have got some good hints in rela?
tion to this matter. It is now obvious
that three-fourths of the States dc
not intend to ratify the Congressional
scheme of amendment. Apart from
intrinsic "objections to it, they con?
ceive, and in this the President con?
curs, that the Constitution confers nc
power on any legislative boely.^lesf
than a Congre - composed of repre?
sentatives frr? ; all the States, to pro
pose amendmont ? under tho article
above quoted-in other words, thal
the people called to ratify should
have a voice in consielering the ne
cessity of a proposition to amend
that all the States aro entitleel to a?
much participation ia the preliminar
work of forming amendments as thc]
are in a voice in their ratification o
No mind devoid of prejudice, ant
disposed to preserve the form pre
sented for this important step, cai
refuse to admit the justice of this po
sition. The thirty-ninth Congres
ought not to have assumed the prc
rogativo in the first sentence of th
fifth article, and it would act wiselj
and in the interest of an early an
satisfactory adjustment of outstan?
ing questions, if it should promptl
withdraw its "amendment" at il
meeting in December. If, then, tw<
thirds of the Legislatures of th
States should make tho call for a Coi
stitntional Convention, and Ccigre;
would, in a spirit of fairness, provid
for its assembling, we have litt]
doubt that every epiestion vital to tl
restoration of the Union woulel be >
considered and delivered by such
body as to commanel the unanimor
approval of oil the States. It w?
unquestionably an error, fatal to ti
early settlement of the details (
questions elecieled by the civil war, i
Congress, representing a portion >
the nation only, to attempt to elicia
the organic law. Repeatable statut
and fundamental laws are difiere:
things, and tho wise men who mat
the latter comprehended the distin
tion, and clearly set forth the tra
in the fifth article, whoso every se
tenee and word contemplates that tl
work of amendment to the Constit
tion should be in its inception, pr
gress and consummation, the act
all the people, either in their prima
capacity, or through accredited repi
sentatives. We advocate, therefoi
the movement of State Legislatur
for a call by Congress of a Constit
tiona! Convention. This will relie
both the President and Congress, a]
v .nit the important questions
issue to the people, where, unless 1
have forgotten tho very alphabet
republicanism, they properly be!o2
A despatch from London, the 151
says the Confederate bond-holders ?
about to bring their ease under t
notice of the British Government,
a set-off against tho Alabama clai:
of the United States.
-? ? ? ?
The number of emigrants land
at New York, last week, was 6,1
making a total of 212,752 landed sit
January 1, against 168,338 arrived
the corresponding period of 1865.
Thc Political Situation.
In nu article on tho political and j
financial situation, the Baltimore Sun, i
of a late tinto, notes the fact that'tho I
result or the lato elections places j
Maryland and Delaware with Ivon ,
tucky in tho Hst of States opposed j
to the constitutional amendment, j
These, with the excluded States, will
make thirteen certainly and firmly
opposed to its adoption. Three
fourths of all the States being re?
quired to carry this amendment iuto
effect, its defeat is therefore certain.
Un.Vr these circumstances, the Sun
"Should Congress persis?; in its
purpose to keep the States unrepre?
sented, we shall have that unaccount?
able predicament upon us of a con?
stitution practically annulled by an
act of Congress, and a new feature
engrafted upon tho fundamental law
itself, and when it lias been explicitly
repudiated according to the provisions
of that Jaw. It is unquestionable
that the present Congress will adhere
to its determination", and it is equally
unquestionable that the States will
adhere to their rejection of the
amendment. What then? It is clear
that the union of theso States must
remain dissevered for at least another
year. Assuming that no aggressive
legislation is attempted during the
approaching session, still it cannot
pass over without a great deal of
angry discussion and heart-burning
dissension. The natural, the inevi?
table consequences of such a state of
things must be to stagnate trade, to
retard the development of tho in?
dustry of the country, and to add to
its financial embarrassments by
fastening upon us for an indefinite
period a depreciated paper currency.
To what extent the depreciation may
extend, no one can calculate.
"Could tho attention of legislators
bo directed from the angry contest
over the points of irreconcilable
variance to some measures of practi?
cal relief for the industry of the coun?
try, their labors might not bc in vain.
But it is greatly to be feared that a
baffled majority will be moro intent
upon punitive than remedial mea?
sures, and that no measures of prac?
tical relief to the industry and com?
merce of the country wiri mitigate
the countless evils of unrestored
The New York W>>rbl, of Monday,
There is a s'.'iry from Washington
that Chief Justice Chase and the Pre?
sident have had alougtalk, tho object
of the Chief Justice being to make
the President turn a somersault and
jump down his own throat. Physi?
cally, that is a difficult performance,
but morally and mentally, we have
known politicians by trade to perform
tho feat once, twice, and even three
times. We have known a man turn
J Roman Catholic from Protestant, and
then turn Protestant again. Some of
tho great popular favorites are those
whose facility in these gymnastics is
the most remarkable. We used to
dread Brownlow's coming -North, for
ho was such a rabid pro-slavery black?
guard that men instinctively felt
everything he favored wrong. Since
ho is in the Torch-and-Turpentino
line, and is as much a blackguard as
before, with the audition of hypocrisy
to blackguardism, he is a sort of St.
Peter in the political church of which
Butler is the St. Paul.
The simple question in issue now is,
shall the Government of the. United
?>tates be a limited or an unlimited
Government ? If a man says it ought
to be an unlimited Government, very
well, let him rango himself with the
Republican-Uuion-Radical party, and
help bring about that consummation;
if lie says it ought to -bo a limited
Government, let him stand witlx the
I Democratic party, and oppose every
i attempt, no matter under what pre
j text-progress, humanity or equali?
ty-to destroy that principle. It is
not given to wisdom or honesty to
succeed at ffrst; in fact, they seem
crushed out for years, sometimes. A
man cannot always make a successiid
battle, but one thing he always can
do-net help defeat himself.
If the Democracy of the West is
of such a feeble constitution that i<
cannot stand out in the cold for
twenty years, it differs from tho De?
mocracy of New York. From the
leaders of our forces, purchases have
been made; but the rank and file are
Democrats, not because there is some?
thing to be made by a political faith,
but because they believe in it. They
believe in it because it means liberty;
the least possible amount of govern?
ment by one citizen over another
citizen, consistent with tho safety ol
all. They do not believo that, if a
majority want to go to church, that
a minority should go too; they do noi
believe that if a majority only wan!
to drink water, that a minority musl
be cut off from beer. They do noi
believo in taking one dollar from A,
who does not manufacture, and giving
it to B, who does. They do not be?
lieve in letting a few men make pro
mises to pay money for the greal
masses, who will have to settle in ao
tuai value for debts contracted undei
the reign of pa]^er. The Democrats
generally do not recognizo any dif?
ference between personal dishonesty
and political dishonesty. Nor do thc
Democrats understand that "rights'
mean any less than they did aftei
magna charta and tho declaration o:
independence. They recognize th?
power of superior strensrth, but thej
_ _ m .i
have not yet comb to admit that tllero
aro no such things as honor, honesty
und justice; that there is really
strength, and strength, only.
The Kovrmbtr Meteor!.
Professor Loomis, of Yale Col'ego,
under date of November 16, hrs sent
to the New York Post tho following
account of his meteoric observations:
On Monday night November 12, a
company of observers at this place
counted 09(1 shooting stars in five
hours and twenty minutes, which is
about four tiracs'the average number
visible for the same period through?
out the year. On Tuesday night,
November 13, another company
counted 8S1 shooting stars in five
hours, which is five times the ave?
rage nui. ber. On Wednesday night;
the sky was overcast, so that no ob?
servation could bo made. Wo con?
clude, then, that tho number ol
shooting stars visible about tho 13tl
was very remarkable; nevertheless,
this display is not to be comparer
with November 13, 1S33, in which th?
number of meteors was variously esti
mated at from 10.000 to 30,0U0 poi
Thc grand display, therefore, whicl
it was supposed might.possibly occiu
this year, has not been witnessed ii
the United States, and probably no
in Europe, or it would have been au
nounced to us by telegraph. It ma]
have been witnessed :'n Asia or th<
Pacific Ocean; but if such had beei
tho case, it seems probable that tin
number visible in tho United Stat'
would have been greater than it wa
The telegram in this morning's II*
raid, purporting to Lavo como fron
Greenwich, is evidently spurious. I
is, therefore, probable that thero ha
not been witnessed this year, in au;
part of tho world, a display of me
teors at all, to be compared with th
grand display of 1S33.
As an unusual interest on this sut
ject appears to have been excited
somo of your readers may wish an at
swer to the question: What are shoot
ing stars? and how do you accour
for their periodical display in ur
usual numbers? Shooting stars rna}
without much impropriety, be calle
little comets. Each meteor is a sma
body, generally of very little density
revolving about the sun in an elipt:
orbit, and governed by tho samo lav
as tho larger planets-Jupiter an
Saturn. The average number (
these bodies which encounter tl
earth every day is several million
and still thero is no perceptible d
crease from year to year. Tho toti
number of these bodies, therefor
belonging to our solar system, mu
be reckoned by millions of million
Tho earth, in its motion about tl
sun, with a velocity of nineteen mil
per second, is continually encountc
ing more or less of th- se bodies, ar
they plunge into our atmosphere wj
velocities varying from ten to for
miles per second, by which mea
heat is developed sullicieiit to igui
them, and they are entirely co
sumed, generally in a single secon
and at an elevation of about fif
miles above the earth's surface. C
casionally we encounter bodies
greater density, which cannot be
readily consumed, and they reach t
earth's surface sometimes entire, ai
at other times in a fragmentary co
dition. Samples of such meteo
are to bo found in all mineralogy
collections of this country and L
Tho periodical display of shooti
stars in unusual numbers indical
that they aro not distributed ui
formly'throughout the solar syste
but aro collected in vast numbers
certain regions, while in other regie
they are comparatively few. Sho
ing stars aro annually seen in gr<
numbers on the 10th of August, a
since each meteor is moving in
orbit with great velocity, whin ev(
year we find large numbers ol tin
near the sumo point of tho eart
orbit, we conclude that they aro
ranged in a ring or zone intersect]
the earth's orbit at a point which 1
earth passes on tho 10th of August
Tn order to explain the recurrei
of an unusual number of shooti
stars year after year, about the li
of November, we suppose that th
is another ring of these mini
bodies, somewhat inclined to
ecliptic. Throughout the differ
portions of this ring, the meteors
distributed in very unequal numb(
but thero is one portion where
number is immensely great, and i
this portion which the earth enco
ters at intervals of about thirty-th
years. According to Professor H.
Newton, the reason that this disp
returns only once in thirty-th
years is the following: Each met
of the November group moves in
orbit which is nearly circular, wit]
mean distance from the sun eithe
little less or a little greater than t
of tho : rth, and a period ab
eleven ur-?* less or greater than i
year. The earth encounterad
densest pol don of this group in '.
vember, 1S33; but tho next year 1
portion passed eleven days before
after the earth returned to that p(
of its orbit; tho following year
difference amount" 1 to twenty
days; so that at the end of ah
thirty-threo years it must gain or i
ono entiro revolution, aud ret
nearly to the position where it rr
encounter tho earth. If wc rec<
no accounts of an unusual displa;
meteors this week in any part of
world, we Bhall look with consid
ble confidence for suoh a display
November 14., 1867.
tVcw Plan or thc Herald.
The Now York Herald, of Tuesday,
has a new plan for tho reconstruction
of the Union. The pith of thc scheme
is in tho two following concluding
paragraphs of its nrticlo:
We would submit to tho Congress,
which is to re-assemble in Washing?
ton on the first Monday in December,
anew constitutional amendment, <>r^
a modification of that before the I
States, so as to embrace, not the
cheating proposition of impartial I
suffrage, but universal suffrage and a j
! universal amnesty, as thc b.-sis of
Southern restoration. Tho universal
? suffrage we mean is tho admission to
the bailot-bri of all males of allraces
and colors, of twenty-one years of '
age, except criminals and lunatics
and "Indians not taxed;" and the
amnesty we mean is one which will
reach from the rebel bush-whacker to
Jeff. Davis and his Cabinet, begin?
ning with thc release of Davis. We
would further propose tho enforce?
ment of this settlement upon the
rebellious South, as President Jobn
I son enforced the amendment abolish?
ing slavery. To this end, an Act of
Congress, requiring the President to
place an army of 100,000 or 150,000
men under General Graut, for the
purpose of hurrying up the good
work in thc excluded States, would
be a good thing. Something of this
sort is required to convince those
States and their peopij that an un?
successful rebellion brings its pains
and penalties, and that it is tho victor,
and not the vanquished, that dictates
the treaty of peace.
President Johnson's efforts at re?
storation have turned out to be
"love's labor lost." Let the rightful
authority of Congress, then, be in?
terposed, and in a manner which will
admit of no more trifling and no
more delay. Let this new plan be
placed in tho hands of Gen. Grant,
for its enforcement, and the thing
will soon bc done. Peace, restoration
and harmony will speedily follow; for
while the universal amnesty will
throw the veil over tho offences and
offenders of the rebellion, universal
suffrage, blacks and all, will hold tilt
recovered States firmly in the Union
and with the cause of the Union.
Moreover, by this plan, there will bt
the additional positive advantage tc
thc South of a gain of some twenty
odd members of Congress over thc
plan of negro exclusion from th?
suffrage. Tho authority and tin
power are in thc hands of Congress
an?l this is our plan as matters nov
stand, t\j a short, comprehensive
j complete and speedy settlement.
The Crops for ? SOC.
The New York Tr Haine has ai
editorial summing up of the crop
for the season, from which we quote
As we feared, the early frosts in th
North-west, reaching Southward t
embrace one-third of the State c
Illinois, ?lid considerable ?laniago t
the corn crop. Accounts from th
section thus affected report much soi
ami immature corn. Throughot
th<i country, however, the crop i
above the average annual y iel?'
though not so very large as it wa
expected it would be three monti:
The potato crop is large, but ur
fortunately the tubers are infecte
with rot, so much so that doalei
refuse to buy in largo quantities an
prices are consequently low.
The apple crop is fair in th
Western States, and the fruit is c
excellent quality. In the middle an
Eastern States the yield is light.
The hog crop lias been over-est
mated. It will not, as has been BU]
posed, be unusually large, but wi
barely exceed the average harvest.
Grapes aro in fair supply, but ?
inferior quality. In many localitie
by reason of an early frost, tho fr.u
failed to ripen, and hence is dry ar
insipid. Good grapes are ve:
scarce, a^d in great demand.
Though"we are without definite i:
formation on the yield of the ber
crop, the high prices, active inquir
and small supply, indicate a sh o
I Tho New York market has neve
j hitherto, been so completely overn
with cattle, hogs, and sheep. Tin
aro poured in upon us from all par
of tho West, where the supply seer,
to bo inexhaustible; and both growe
and dealers are anxious to sell at pr
sent prices, which are gradual
settling to a lower basis.*
Turkej-s were never before
abundant throughout tho countr
Small poultry is also in full suppl
Present high prices, therefore, a
purely speculative, and must ever
ually "break down. The quantity
butter made this fall is truly enc
mons, and a vast supply is held 1
both dairymen and dealers, who ha
overheld themselves and will now
compelled to reduce their stoc
at lower figures, as the supply
quito too large to maintain prese
prices. The accumulation of chet
even exceeds that of butter, and mu:
for the same causes, experience a c
j cline in price. Wool is in good sn
ply. Tho shearing was larger th
usual, and of fair quality. The arr
demand having ceased, the market
inactive and has already oxperionc
a marked decline.
A party from the Dorn Mines,
Abbeville, S. C., represent discov
ries of gold there which prom
largo results. An old battery, afi
eighteen hours' work, gave ni
ounces and seventeen pennywcigl
of gold from less than a ton and
quarter of reduced ore.
TI?? rVnItmMnrjr System. ?" I
The wisdom of establishing tho
penitentiary system in this State in
shown by the following notice ot the 1
report of the superintendent of the
G?orgia institution, by a correspond- ;
ent of the Atlanta Intelligencer:
"By the annual report, of Mr. \Y.
C. Anderson, the principal keeper of
the penitentiary, it appears that, in
the penitentiary proper, there were, ;
on the 30th of September, 91 con?
victs, and belonging to the chain- !
gang 114, making a total of 20?. The
report exhibits a statement of a very '
thorough repair and renovation of a j
portion of the buildings and pre?
mises. Among the improvements
mentioned is the introduction of a
corn mill, operated by steam power,
capable of grinding 100 bushels of i
corn pier ?lay, the toil being expected
to bread'the whole institution. Mr.
Anderson expresses the decided opi?
nion that tho penitentiary may be
made, in its present location, self
sustaining, if not a source of revenue
to the State. The report of the
book-keeper shows an excess of as?
sets over indebtedness to the amount
We notice, in this connection, that
Gov. Worth, of North Carolina, in
his message to the Legislature, strong?
ly recommends thc establishment of
a penitentiary in that State.
Vr.RY GOOD.-The New Orleans
Picayune has the following capital
sarcastic remarks on the absurd stories
published by tho radical sheets of
Armed organizations of ex-rebel
sokliers are drilling nightly on Canal
street, it is reported that Jeff.
Davis has escaped from prison and is
in command. No Union man dare
show himself on the streets after sun?
set, A violent rebel threatened to
pull down the custom house, and, but
for the timely arrival of the 18th
corps, would have executed his threat.
Mayor Mouroo hung himself and
then killed his family, in order, as he
afterwards stated, to avoid the just
indignation of the Union citizens.
The commanding general takes his
meals regularly in spite of rebel
threats. It is stated, on good au?
thority, that the Mississippi Uiver is
undermined. Several rebel cruiser!
came up the river yesterday to se?
whether the reported surrender o
the Confederate authorities was cor
reef. Doing told that it was, the]
cursed the United States Govern
meut, and, after taking coal and pro
visions, went down to Barataria. Un
fortunately the war vessels in por
were unable to get up steam in tim?
to overhaul tiiem. People here di
not hesitate to speak openly in favo:
of President Johnson and thc consti
tution. One man went so far as t(
say, "D-u the radicals." The ex
rebels are in a destitute condition
and in some portions of thc city ari
eating their children.
Which the New York Express con
tinned ns follows:
We may add, that an intelligen
gentleman, who has had excellent op
?portmiities for extended observation
says that several school marms fror
Massachusetts were roasted alive oi
thc Sea Islands, oue day last week
and that tho rebels in the int?fcio
were smashing up the Freedmen'
Bureau for firewood-the freedmei
themselves having all been previous!,
poisoned by New England rum.
THE POPE.-The New York Tima
ol' Tuesday, has the following parn
We have Florence dates of yestei
day, which announce the issue of
circular by the Italian Government
In that circular, Baron Ricasoli in
timates that it is not the purpose o
the King's ministers to make any im
mediato movement against Rome
They are to content themselves, fo
the present, with watching the cours
of events. It is just possiblo thu
they see in tho Papal Allocution a:
indistinct sort of purpose on tho pat
of the sovereign of Rome to make
kind of voluntary abdication. I
one passage of that solemn doon
ment, his Holiness says he may, i
certain contingencies, remove to som
place where he can better exercise hi
apostolic mission. That would lo
one way of solving the difficult]
Another, and perhaps a more naturi
way, would bo for him to resign th
care of his temporal estates to tl)
sovereign of Italy, and continue t
exercise his spiritual functions whei
We greatly regret that we ai
obliged, as a matter of public dut;
to transfer to our columns the repo
which the New York corresponde!
of tho Boston Commonwealth makes <
tho conduct of Horace Greeley, o
tho occasion of Butler's reception i
City Hall Park:
At last the General (WaHbridg*
was anxious to seo if tho hyem
would listen to Horace Greeley. ?
this time, an enthusiastic Rep?blica
kept firing a healthy cannon, thi
scared the veteran Greeley's nerve
Pressing forward to Gen. Wallbridg*
(tlie Chairman,) Greeley,inanervoi
trepidation, jerked out, "If yo
ion't stop that G-d d-d cannoi
I'll leave tho stand. I can't spca
with that d-d thing; it will drow
Thero are 320 new brick stor<
going up in Atlanta.
Thc P/ic mix office is ou Main strc^i, a
fi'T\- doors aboveTavlor (or < lamden ) street.
We are i idebted to Peter li. Class, Ks?] ,
for copi?e of lalo New Yuri; papers; ulso,
/.<? Bo? Ton, for December. Mr. receives
those publications regularly.
If any "HO wishes good fruit ujiploe,
lemons, chestnuts, cocoa-nuts, Ac thej
will tlfi nell t>. :"a?'? .h.- advertisement of
the Me -rs Schnitze, and heed the injunc?
SHAVING.-Not your note, but your face.
If yon want anything in tho"barberizing"
lino done, call on John Mills, at Nicker
son's Hotel. Ho will fix yon off in tine
"Fon HISTORY - AN HF.IK-I.OOII. Preserve
tho record of the destruction of Columbia,
written by one of South Carolina's histo?
rians, who was present during the whole
pack and destruction of <>v.r city. It is the
most authentic account published.
Ora NEW SKINS.-To the still and inge?
nuity of our old friend, Giles G. Newton,
Faq., is the Phoenix indebted for tho very
tasty signs which, in gilt, letters, inform
t he passer-by where the bird is to be found,
long may he live to follow his vocation.
LUNCH THIS DAY.-Who eau say that we
don't have good things in "Cfeimncyville?"
Take a look at the announcements of Innen
from several of our restaurant keepers.
Pollock has oyster HOUP, etc.; McGuiuuia
venison steaks ; and Tri vet .V Bcraghi
wild turkey. Hurrah for the return of tho
era of good eating !
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. - Attention is call?
ed to the following advertisements, which
are published this morning for tho first
Address before Olariosophic Society.
Pollock House - Oyster Soup, ?cc.
Charles Hamberg-%500 Reward.
Good Fruit at Schultze's.
Fisher <V Heinitsh-Cheap Soap, &c.
Trevet & Beraghi--Turkey for Lunch.
Levin & Peixotto-Variety Sale, &c.
D. McGuinnis -Venison Steak for Lunch.
P. Cantwell -Bacon strips, &c.'
Apply to E. Stenhouse-Emp't "Wanted.
We take the following account of
the great masonic demonstration in
Baltimore, on the occasion of laying
the corner-stone of tho masonic tem?
ple, m that city, from our exchanges,
.and regret that we have not room for
the full proceedings:
The ceremony of lay ing the corner?
stone of tho new masonic temple iu
Baltimore, designed to exceed, in di?
mensions and elegance, any other
similar structure in this country, was
consummated Tuesday, with great
splendor and eclat. The interest
manifested in the occasion had ex?
tended largely beyond the limits of
the masonic fraternity, and the ar?
rival of delegations of the order from
distant cities and towns, to take part
in the ceremonies, and their recep?
tion by organizations there, showed
the degree of importance attached to
it beyond the limits of the city. Early
in the morning, the principal streets
were lively with the gathering of the
populace, male and female, to witness
the promised pageant, as well as the
proceedings to take place on the site
of the proposed temple. The high
respect entertained for the masonic
order, and the character of its bro?
therhood, its beneficent objects, the
splendor of its emblematic insignia
and forms, ?di conspired to excite the
interest of the community generally
in regard to the events of the occa?
Organizations of the order had
arrived during the previous evening
and night from Bichmond, Peters?
burg and other points in Virginia, an
well as from Philadelphia, Harrisburg
and other Northern cities, and the
morning train from Washington came
in filled with passengers, as did also
those of the Northern Central Rail?
way, bringing other delegations and
persons desirous of visiting the pa?
geant. The President of the United
States reached the city in a special
train, about 9 o'clock, and was met at
the Camden Station by Gov. Swanu
The various bodies of Masons met
at 9}.< o'clock; the subordinate lodges
it the Maryland Institute; the Chap?
ters of Royal Arch Masons at tho
Masonic itali, St. Paul street; the
Oommanderies of Knights Templar
at the Holliday Street Theatre, and
the Grand Lodges ?it Concordia Hall.
Punctuality .was manifested in all the
movements, and a? the appoi: : ted time
the 0 ifferent bodies to form the general
procession were conducted to their
proper positions in line by the assist?
ant, marshals detailed for the purpose.
Thc members of the masonic fn^er
nity appeared in full black suits, high
black hats and white gloves, with the
ippropriate regalia and emblems.
The Knights Templar wore their
rich black uniforms, showy belts and
iiighly burnished swords, many of
diem decorated with costly jewels,
ivith chapeaus and wdiite flowing
'eathers, and, on the w hole, made a
nost magnificent appearance.
The streets, in the meantime, be?
came densely crowded in qnartq^
vhere the coming pageant was to
A celebrated French preacher, in a
?ermon upon the duty of wives, said :
'I see, in this congregation, a wo?
llan who has been guilty of the sin
>f disobedience to her husband, and
n order to point her out, I will fling
ny breviary at her head." He lifted
lis book, and every female head in?