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op?ration of stich grants, ami thus to
exclude the inception of a subsequent
adverse right. A breach of the con?
ditions which Congress may deem
proper to impose, should work a for?
feiture of claim to tlie lands so with?
drawn, but unconveyed, and of title
to the lands conveyed, which remain
unsold. Operations on the several
lines of the Pacific Railroad have
been prosecuted with unexampled
vigor and success. Should no unfore?
seen causes of delay occur, it is confi?
dently anticipated that this great
thoroughfare will be completed be?
fore the expiration of the period de?
signated by Congress. During
the last fiscal year, the amount
paid to pensioners, including
tho expenses of disbursement, was
$13,45?,996, and 50,177 names were
added to tho pcrfsion rolls. The en?
tire number of pensioners, June 30,
1866, was 126,722. This fuct fur?
nishes melancholy and r triking proof
of the sacrifices made to vindicate
the constitutional authority of the
Federal Government, and to main?
tain" inviolate the integrity of the
Union. They impose upon us cor?
responding obligations. It is esti?
mated that $33,000,000 will be re?
quired to meet the exigencies of this
branch ci tho service, during the
next fiscal j-ear.
Treaties have been concluded with
the Indians who, enticed to armed
opposition to our Government, at the
outbreak of the rebellion, have un?
conditionally submitted to our au?
thority, and manifested au earnest
desire for a renewal of friendly rela?
During the year ending September
80, 1866, 8,716 patents for useful in?
ventions and designs were issued,
and, at that date, the balance in the
Treasurv to the credit of the patent
fund was $228,297..
As a subject upon which depends
an immense amount of the produc?
tion and commerce of the country, I
recommend to Congress such legisla?
tion as may be necestary for the pre?
servation of the levees of the Missis?
sippi River. It is a matter of national
importance that early steps should be
taken, not only to add to thc efficiency
of these barriers against destructive
inundations, but for the removal of
all obstructions to the free and safe
navigation of that great channel of
trade and commerce.
The District of Columbia, under
existing laws, is not entitled to that
representation in the national coun?
cils which, from our earliest history,
has been uniformly accorded to each
Territory established, from time to
time, within our limits. It maintains
peculiar relations to Congress, to
whom the Constitution has granted
the power of exercising exclusive
legislation over the seat of Go?
vernment. Our fellow-citi/ens re?
siding in the District, whose inte?
rests aro thus confided to thc
special guardianship of Congress,
exceed in number the population of
several Territories, and no just rea?
son is perceived why a delegate oi
their choice should not be admitted
to a seat in the House of Represen?
tatives. No mode seems so appropri?
ate and effectual of enabling them tc
make known their peculiar conditior.
and wants, and of securing the loca
legislation adapted to them. I there
fore recommend the passage of a lav
authorizing the electors of the Dis
trict of Columbia to choose a dele
gate, to be allowed the same right'
and privileges as a delegate represent
ing a Territory. The increasing en
terpriso and rapid progress of im
provement in the District are highb
gratifying, and I trust that the effort:
of the municipal authorities to pro
mote the prosperity of the Nationa
Metropolis will receive tho effieien
and generous co-operation of Con
TheJ report of the Commissioue
of Agriculture reviews the operation
of his department during the pas
year, and asks tho aid of Congress i:
its efforts to encourage those State
which, scourged by war, are noi
earnestly engaged iu tho re-orgauizi
tion of domestic industry.
It is a subject of congratulate
that no foreign combinations again!
our domestic peace and safety, or on
legitimate influence among the ni
tions, have been formed or attemp
ed, while sentiments of reconciiii
tion, loyalty and patriotism, ha\
increased at home. Amore just cor
sideration of our national characte
and rights has been manifested b
foreign nations. The entire succe:
of the Atlantic telegraph between tl
coast of Ireland and the Piovince <
Newfoundland is an achievemei
which has been justly celebrated c
both hemispheres as the openii
of au era in the progress of civiliz
tion. There is reason to expect th
equal success will attend., and ev<
greater results follow, the enterpri
for connecting the two confiner
through the Pacific Ocean bv^the pr
jected line of telegraph between Kai
schatka and tho Russian possessn
Tho resolution of Congress pi
testing against pardons for forei;
Governments of persons convict
of infamous offences, on condition
emigration to our country, has be
communicated to the States wi
which we maintain intercourse, a
the practice so justly the subject
complaint on our part has not be
The congratulations of Congress
the Emperor of Russia, upon his
cape from attempted assassinate
have been presented to that humf
and enlightened ruler, and recen
by him with expressions of grateful
Tho Executive, warned' of an at?
tempt by Spanish American adven?
turers to induce tho emigration of
freedmen of the United States to a
foreign country, protested against the
project as one which, if consummated,
would reduce them te a bondage even
more oppressive than that from which
they ha e just been relieved. As?
surance ias been received from the
Government* of the State in which
the plan was matured that the pro?
ceeding will meet neither its encou?
ragement nor approval. It is a ques?
tion worthy of your consideration
whether our laws upon this subject,
aro adequate to thc prevention or
punishment of the crime thus medi?
In thc month of April last, as Con?
gress is aware, a friendly arrangement
was made between the "Emperor of
France and the President of the
United States for thc withdrawal
from Mexico of the French expedi?
tionary forces. This withdrawal was
to be effected in three detachments
the first of which, it.was understood,
would leave Mexico in November,
now past; the second in March next,
and the third in November, 18G7.
Immediately upon the completion of
the evacuation, the French Govern?
ment was to assume the same attitude
of non-intervention in regard to
Mexico as is held by the Government
of the United States. Repeated as?
surances have been given by the Em?
peror since that agreement that he
would complete thc promised evacua?
tion within the period mentioned or
sooner. It was reasonably expected
that the proceedings thus contem?
plated would produce a crisis of great
political interest in the Republic of
Mexico. The newly appointed Mi?
nister of the United States, Mr.
Campbell, was therefore sent forward,
on the Oth day of November last, to
assume his proper functions as Mi?
nister Plenipotentiary of the United
States to that Republic. It was also
thought expedient that he should
be attended in the vicinity of
Mexico by the Lieutenant-General of
the army of the United States, with
the view of obtaining such informa?
tion as might he important to deter?
mine thc course to be pursued by the
United States in re-establishing and
maintaining necessary and proper in?
tercourse with the Republic of Mexi?
co. Deeply interested in the course
of liberty and humanity, it seemed an
obvious duty on our part to exercise
whatever influence we possessed for
the restoration and permauent estab?
lishment in that country of a domes?
tic and Republican form of Govern?
ment. Such was the condition ol
affairs in regard to Mexico when, on
the 22d of November last, official in?
formation was received from Paris
that the Emperor of France had some
time before decided not to withdraw
a detachment of his forces in the
month of November past, according
to engagement, but that this decision
was made with the purpose of with?
drawing the whole of these forces in
the ensuing spring. Of this deter?
mination, however, the United States
had not received any notice or inti?
mation, and so soon as the informa?
tion was received by thc Govern
ment, care was taken to make kuowr.
its dissent to the Emperor of France.
I cannot forego tho hope that
France will re-consider the subject,
and adopt somo resolution in regare:
to the evacution of Mexico, whicl:
will conform, as nearly as practicable,
with tho existing engagement, ant
thus meet the just expectations of tin
United States. The papers relating
to the subject will be laid before you.
It is believed that with tho evac?a
tion of Mexico by the expeditionary
forces, no subject for serious differ
enees between France and thc Unitec
States would remain. The expr?s
sions of the Emperor and the people
of France warrant a hope that the tra
ditionary friendship between the twe
countries might, in that case, b<
renewed and permanently restored
A claim of a citizen of thc Unitec
States for indemnity for spoliation:
committed on the high seas by tin
French authorities, in the exercise o
a belligerent power against Mexico
has beeu met by thc Government o
Franco with a proposition to defe
settlement until a mutual conventio;
for the adjustment of all claims o
citizens and subjects of both couu
tries, ai'ising out of the recent war
on this continent, shall be agree?
upon by the two countries. Th
suggestion is not deemed unreason
able, but it belongs to Congress t
direct the manner ifi which claim
for indemnity by foreigners, as we]
as by citizens of the United States
arising ont of the late civil war, sha'
be adjusted and determined. I hav
no doubt that the subject of all sue
claims will engage your attention u
a convenient and proper time.
It is a matter of regret that n
considerable advanco has been mad
towards an adjustment of tho diffei
enees between the United States an
Great Britain, arising out of th
depredations trpon our national con
moree, and other trespasses, commi
ted, during our civil war, by Bri tis
subjects, in violation of internation:
law and treaty obligations. Thc d
lay, however, may be believed I
have resulted in no small degrc
from the domestic situation of Grej
Britain. An entire change of mini
try occurred in that country durit
the last session of Parliament. Tl
attention of the new ministers w:
called to the subject at an early da;
and there is some reason to expe
that it will now bo considered in
becoming and friendly spirit. The
importance of an carly disposition of
'the question cannot bo exaggerated.
Whatever might be tito -wishes of tho
two Governments, it is manifest that
good will and friendship between the
two countries cannot bo established
until a reciprocity in the practico of
good faith and neutrality shall be
restored betwocn the respectivo na?
tions. On tho Otb of June last, in
violation of our neutrality laws, a
military expedition aud enterprise
against the British North American
colonies was projected and attempted
to be carried on within the territory
and jurisdiction of tho United States.
In obedience to tho obligation im?
posed upon tho Executive by thc
Constitution, to seo that tho laws aro
faithfully executed, all citizens were
warned by proclamation against tak?
ing part in or aiding such unlawful
proceedings, aud thc proper civil, mil?
itary and naval officers were directed
to take all necessary measures for thc
enforcement of the laws. The expe?
dition failed; but it has not been
without its painful consequences.
Some of our citizens who, it was al?
leged, were engaged in the expedi?
tion, were captured, aud have been
brought to trial as for capital offence,
j in the Province of Canada. Judg
I ment and sentence of death have
been pronounced against some, while
others nave been acquitted. Fully
believing in tho maxim of Govern?
ment, that severity of civil punish?
ment for misguided person's, who
have engaged in revolutionary at?
tempts, which have disastrously
failed, is unsound and unwise, such
representations1 have been made tc
the British Government in behalf of
the convicted persons, as being sus?
tained by an enlightened and humane
judgment, will, it is to be hoped, in?
duce in their eases an exercise ol
clemency, and a judicious amnesty tc
all who wore engaged in thc mov ?
mont. Counsel has been employee
by tho Government to defend citi
zens of the United States on trial foi
capital offences in Canada; and a dis
continuance of the prosecutions
which were instituted in the court:
of the Unitod States, against. those
who took part in the expedition ha:
been directed. I have regarded th<
expedition as not only political in it:
nature, but as, also, in a great meas
ure, foreign from the United Statt?
in its causes, character and objects
The attempt was understood to bi
made in sympathy with an insurgen
party in Ireland, and by striking a
a British Province on this continent
was designed to'aid in obtaining re
dress for political grievances, which
it was assumed, the people of Irelam
had suffered at the hand? of the Bri
tish Government, duringa period e
several centuries. The perso.:., er
gaged in it were chiefly native
of that country, some of whor
had, while others had not, becom
cit?7.ens of the United States
I Under our general laws of naturalize
tion complaints ol' misgovernmerj
\ in Ireland, continually engage th
? attention ol' the British nation, an
so great an agitation is now prevai
j ing in Ireland, that the British Gm
eminent have deemed it necessary t
! suspend the writ of huheas corpus i
I that country. These circumstance
1 must necessarily modify the opinio
which we might otherwise ha*
entertained in regard to an exped
tion expressly prohibited by 01
neutrality laws. So long as tho:
laws romain upon our statute bool
they should be faithfully ex
cuted; and if they operate harsh!
unjustly or oppressively, Congie
alone can apply- the remedy, by the
modification or repeal.
The political aud commercial int
I rests of the United States is not u:
j likely to be affected in some degn
by events which ure transpiring
I the Eastern regions of Europe, ar
the timo seems to have come win
I our Government ought to have a pi?
per diplomatic representation
This Government has claimed f
all persons not convicted, or accuse
or suspected, of crime, an absolu
political right of self-expatriatio
and a choice of new national all
giance. Most of the European Stat
have dissented from this princip
and have claimed a right to hold su
of their subjects as have immigr?t
to and been naturalized in the Unit
States, and afterwards returned
transient visits to their native con
trie!*, to the performance of milita
service in liko manner as residt
subjects. Complaints"! arising frc
the claim in this respect made
foreign States have heretofore bc
matters of controversy between t
United States and some of tho I
ropean powers, and the irritati
consequent upon the failure to set
this question increased during 1
war in which Prussia, Italy a
Austria were recently engagi
While Great Britain has never
kuowledgod thc right of expatriate
she has not practically insisted up
it. France has been equally forbe
ing, and Prussia has proposed a co
promise, which, although evinci
increased liberality, has not been
cepted by the United States. Pei
is now prevailing everywhere
Europe, and the present seems to
a favorable time for an assertion
Congress of tho principle so lc
maintained by the Executive Depi
mont-that naturalization by <
State fully exempts the native bi
subject of any other Stato from
I performance of military service un
j any foreign Government, so long
I he does not voluntarily renounce
j rights and benefits in the perfoj
ance of a duty imposed upou him by
I have thus submitted to the repre?
sentatives of tho States and of the
people such information of our
domestic aud foreign affairs as
the public interests seem to re?
quire. Our Government is now
undergoing its most trying ordeal;
and my earnest prayer is that
thc peril may be successfully and
finally passed, without impairing its
original strength and symmetry. The
interests of tho nation are best to l*e
promoted by the revival of fraternal
relations, the complete obliteration of
our past differences, and rho re-inau?
guration of all thc pursuits of peace.
Directing our efforts to tho early ac?
complishment of these great ends, let
us endeavor to preserve harmony be?
tween tho co-ordinate departments of
the Government, that each in its pro?
per sphere may cordially co-operate
with the other in securing the main?
tenance of the Constitution, tho pre?
servation of the Union and the per?
petuity of our free institutions.
WASHINGTON, December 3, 1866.
Tuesday Morning, December 4,1866.
The New York Times, of Saturday,
has a long article giving advice to
Congress, based upon the late Secre?
tary Harlan's letter, from which we
make the following extracts :
"It can be no longer alleged that
there ia any issue with the President
to bc debated and decided. The
country has heard both sides, bal?
anced the arguments pro and con in?
telligently, reviewed the relative bear?
ings of both, and lias decided in
favor of Congress, its position and
policy, by majorities that do not ad?
mit of mistake. As against tho Pre
sident, therefore, Congress is no)
required to renew its struggle. The
people have settled the dispute in a
manner which the President cannot
misunderstand, and which should
fully satisfy the ambition of Congress.'
It is now master of the situation, and
can alford to be dignified and mag?
nanimous. So also in regard to thc
restoration question. For a brie!
time, at any rate, it may be consider?
ed out of tho arena. Congress has
presented its conditions, the peoph
controlling thc Government have af
firmed the reasonableness, ihc jus
tico and the necessity of these condi
tions, and Congress is meanwhile
bound to adhere to them as the basis
of reconciliation with the South
The refusal of the South to accep'
them may by-and-bye necessitate ;
reconsideration of the whole subject
but that stage, come when it may
should be approached tempera tel;
and prudently. Meanwhile the dut;
is to wait. The moral power of Con
gross will be strengthened by waitinj
quietly, indulging in no vindictive
denunciation, and gathering patient
ly the material that will be essen tia
to the construction of another policy
The time to consider what shall b
done in relation to the amendmen
will not come until the entire Soutl
has been heard from. Then, an
not till then. Congress may useful!
say how and by whom tho probier
shall be solved."
What is the other policy, for whic
materials are to be gathered, th
limes refrains from explaining or e>
pounding. What the Southern State
will do with unanimity, cannot now b
doubted; but what punishment await
them for so doing, has not yet bee
explicitly stated, except by some fut?
ons threats from Forney, Brownlov
Butler and others of that stamp. A
the South can do is to bide her tin:
patiently, and there may be h oj
that her firmness and unshaken ae
herence to principle may yet modil
tho tone and temper of the people i
the North, so that they will comp
the moro radical of tho radicals 1
abandon their oppressive policy.
THE WORKINGMEN* [OP ENGLAND.
It has been announced that tl
workingmen of London and its neig
borhood, were making preparation
to hold a monster reform meeting i
London on tho 3d instant. Tl
entire working populations of Lo
don, and tho towns and villages f
thirty miles around it, intended
observe the day as a holiday, ai
pour into the capital to make th
demonstration one of the most ir
posing in point of numbers that En
land has for a long time witnesse
In England, tho workingmen have i
share in thc choice of their rulei
and to get their right of voting, tb
have organized the great refor.
meetings, of which we have had i
tclligcnce from time to time at
of which this one in London, w
l>robably be the most numerously ?
Mr: Mills House Purcell and sever
other gentlemen have purchased
tract of latid, a short distance fro
Charleston, and will arrange a n<
and complete raco course-a
Tho President's Mcssuge.
We lay before- our readers, this
morning, this interesting and highly
important document, read beforo tho
Congress of the United States, yes?
terday afternoon, and which although
very lengthy, will [bo generally pe?
rused. The President, it will bo seen,
maintains his previously expressed
I TI?c ltel>ellloti in Irrlunil.
It is evident, from the exceedingly
scanty news concerning the state of
affairs in Ireland, which reaches us
by the cable, that wc may not expect
much intelligence through that chan?
nel as to the progress of the Fenian
limul iecllon. -ll Liiere nus uuun ...
rising anywhere in Ireland, as indi?
cated in thc special despatch to the
New York Herald, published a few
days ago, tho precise location of the
movement and thc extent of it must
have been known in London. The
fierceness of the English papersproves
that a formidable insurrection was
going on, and yet in the despatches
there is not a word to intimate where
thc rising took place, nor under
what circumstances. We are simply
informed that more troops were tc
go to Belfast, and that a battalion
of the Horse Guards have been or?
dered to Ireland. Every Englishman
and Irishman knows that when thc
Guards leave London, the emergency
which demands their presence is ol
the gravest character. It looks as i:
the British Government, which hold.'
both ends of the cable, will give m
just as little news as possible, am
that not <jf a character to creab
any excitement or sympathy for tin
The Louisville Courier says then
are a variety of reasons why negrc
suffrage should not be tolerated, cspe
-bially iu.the Southern States, th<
most potent of which are drawn fron
the statistics of population. By th
census of 1860, it appears that th
proportionate population of white
and blacks isas follows:
350,373. There are forty-eight enim
ties in the State?, in thirty-two c
which the blacks have a majority.
Arkansas has fifty-five counties, i
eightof which the blacks arc in th
Florida has 77,747 whites, an
62,078 blacks. She has thirty-si
Counties, in seven of which the blue!
are in the majority.
South Carolina has 291.300 whit?
and 412,320) blacks. She has thirl
Districts, in twenty of which tb
blacks are in the majority.
Mississippi bas 353.899 whites an
435,031 blacks. She has sixty Cou.
tie?, in twenty of which the blacl
are in the majority.
Alabama has 526.271 whites af
437,770 blacks. She has fifty-tw
Counties, in twenty of which tl
blacks are in the majority.
With the right of suffrage, the n
groes would bo the rulers of lar<
districts of the most fertile portioi
of the Southern States, and be ab
to elect a large portion of the mei
hers of Congress. And yet Northei
demagogues insist that the Sou
should accept this degrading ai
humiliating condition, and talk soi
ously of forcing it upon her. Shou
she accept this dishonoring and d:
gusting proposal, her further degi
dation would be impossible, for s
would have touched the bottom
MK. DAVIS.-Tho editor of t
Richmond Enquirer has lately e
joyed tho pleasure of a visit to t
President Davis at Fortress Monro
It will bo gratifying to the generov
minded everywhere, and especia
to the people of the South, to
informed that his health has great
improved under the humane tre;
ment latterly accorded him. '.
those who have been familiar wi
his appearance, there would seem
be about such a change as five yei
of ordinary wear might be expect
to produce. His spirits arr cheerf
and ia all respects he is what thc
who have admired him most wot
j hope to find him.
The New York Herald comes c
strongly in favor of the plan it
bitterly denounced when it was p
mulgated by Sumner and Steve:
viz: the plan of subjecting them
represented States to the condition
WHOM;.ALE PROSECUTION.-At i
recent session of the United Sta
Circuit Court, held at Parkersbu:
West Virginia, tho grand jury ma
more than two thousand presentme
against the Baltimore and Ohio Ri
road Company, for violating I
revenue laws in failing to sta:
receipts for freight.
Tho Phoenix oftico is un Main street, a
few doors above Taylor (or Camdon) street.
John Stork, Esq., was, on yesterday,
cleo*ed Alderman in Ward No. 2.
Ai.y/.NACS.-Give Mr. Glass a call, and ho
will supply you with anything in the abovo
line. He has just favored us with three
different kinds- Glass", Millers and tho
Weekly Record Almanac. Take your choice.
Om READING Roost.-Members of tho
Legislature and the citizens generally, uro
i invited to visit thc Phoenix reading room,
where they will find on file papers and
periodicals from every section of the Union.
Tho building is open day and night.
> To the skill of Messrs. Sonic anet Capers,
of the Telegraph Office in (his city, are we
indebted for the very correct and careful
manner in which the message of the Pre?
sident was received- tho longest telegram
ev?r "taken" in tho Columbia office. These
gentlemen are thorough telegraphists.
WHO BURNED COLUMBIA?-This question
will ljo asked fifty years hence. Then
place tho only full and true account of its
destruction in your libraries, so that your
children and children's children will know
the whole truth. It will be more interest?
ing to them than atty romance.
THE CHARITY FAIR.-This laudable en?
terprise, which has hoon tito subject of
animated discussion-among tho ladies, at
least-will bc inaugurated this evening, in
Janncy's Hall. Old and young, rich and
poor, stout and thin, aro invited to lend
their presence 'and spend their surplus
cash-if there aro any so fortunato as to
have tho latter. Drop in and take a look;
you can certainly do that- thc admission
fee is small.
LEGAL.-Tho Court of Appeals, on yes?
terday, announced its decisions, and those
of the Court of Errors, on oases previously
heard, as follows:
H. M. Barry vs. M. leeman et al. Appeal
dismissed. Opinion to be tiled hereafter.
Horatio Kuhn, for another, vs. J. McD.
Law. Withdrawn from Court of Errors
and returned to Court of Appeals.
W. E. Martin vs. Tho City Council of
Charleston. Appeal dismissed, hy Inglis, J..
Tho cali of the Charleston docket was
then resumed, and the following cases
Anton Menke ads. W. J. DeTreville. Mr.
James Simons, jr., for motion. Mr. O'Con?
Charles L. Guilleaume vs. C. C. Miller.
Mr. O'Connor for motion. Mr. McCrady
contra. Mr. \V. D. Porter in reply.
Chatios Frederick vs. Lewi-? Halberstadt
et al. Written argument, of Mr. Edward
McCrady, jr., for appellant, read bv Mr. C. "
Tho following causes were stricken off :
David Horton vs. W. M. O'Noall, A. S.
Gibbes vs. A. C. Campbell et al., W." H.
Hudson vs. Commissioners of itoads,
Schwartz vs. Schwartz, Dailey rt al. vs.
Thomas H. Willingham, trustee, vs. The
College of Charleston, continued.
SEW AnvEm ISI.MK.VTS.-Attention ia call?
ed to thc following advertisements, which
un- published this morning for the first
A. li. Phillips-Furniture, Carpets, &c.
Dennis McGuinnis-Lunch This Day.
John C. Seegers A Co.-Liquors, &c.
E. Dollar.1-Pipes, Hair Tordes, Ac.
Lunch 'fir's Day at the Pollock House.
Meeting True Brotherhood Dodge.
..Tiic Unarmed Iti-belllou."
The New York Herald, of Monday,
like its cotemporary and coadjutor
"of Saturday, desires conciliatory
action in Washington, when Congress
meets, but both imply that some?
thing dreadful will happen to the
Southern States, if they reject the
amendment. What can be in reserve
for us :
It is very likely that Ben. Butler
and his fellow Jacobins, would be glad
to drive Congress into some course of
action calculated to disturb the peaco
of the country. Out of the national
turmoil they have already contrived to
gather a golden harvest,.as some men
manage to plunder during a confia- ,
gration. But the people have had
enough of revolutionary* agitators,
and Congress will show its apprecia?
tion of tlie popular verdict rendered
in tho recent elections, by frowning
down all attempts to change tho issue
before the people. The settled pur?
pose of the North is that the peace
won by our armies shall not again
-be disturbed, either by the radical
Jacobins of Congress or by tho com?
bined forces of secession and copper
headism. They have offered to the
South the constitutional amendment
as a basis of restoration and final
settlement. When that^is rejected,
they will expect their representatives
at Washington to take the matter into
their own hands and to crush out the
unarmed rebellion'against the Union,
by action asd ecisive and as prompt
as that by which Grant and Sherman
swept away the armed power of tin
The Chicago lake tunnel was com?
pleted on Saturday. The entire lines
from both ends coincided within nino
and a half inches, while the floors of
each tunnel joiu with a difference of
one inch. This triangular computa
' tiou is a great engineering feat.
From recent experiments made hy
the London Pneumatic Company, it
appears that one hundred and twent*
tons of goods can bo sent througl
their eighteen miles of tubes even
hour, ata cost of less than ono penny
(two cents) per mile.
Since last January, 45,043,398
quarts of milk have been sent to New
York over tho Erie, the Harlem, and
the Hudson Hiver Railroads.