Newspaper Page Text
_ COLUMBIA. _''
Saturday Morning, December 8,1366.
Tko National Intelligencer says that
party strifes perish with tho pas?
sions of tho men who give to them
their fierceness and malignity. Prin?
ciples aro eternal, and are enshrined
in the public conscience ami affection,
long after thoso who enunciated or
. those who defended them.have sunk
into dust. The animosities engen?
dered by the war may keep tenant
less the seats iu thc halls of Congress
to which the mea of the South should
Jong ago have been cordially wel?
comed, but the principles that taxa?
tion aud representation are insepara?
ble; that-every State is the peer of all
the others, and that each representa?
tive constituency, nuder our organic
Law, is entitled to be heard in the
national council, are dear to the
American heart; are so identified
with thc natural thought, as to .form
indissoluble elements of our political
From the cotton lauds and rice
fields of the South, from its busy
marts aud industrious homes, come
their apportioned quota of thc na?
tional taxes into the coffers of the
national treasury. Their commerce
pays its appointed imports; their citi?
zens arc summoned to the jury box
?of the Federal Courts; they respect
the process of the Federal judiciary :
&ut the call of the roll of the national
representatives embraces no name
?rom tho Old Dominion or from im?
perial Texas. Tho chosen sons ol
^the South arc shut out, no longer by
'?their own folly, but by tho formal
.vote of thoir peers; the national faith,
pledged to a speedy restoration, is
3iukept; the obligations of the Consti?
tution are unheeded; the flag of thc
nation, emblazoned with thirty-sis
stars, floats over a legislature whicl
?excludes ten States from their having
any voice in the laws which it is in
eisted they shall be governed by.
The President ofstho United State?
anthe annual communications whicl
he is charged by the Constitutioi
<wilh the duty of making to Congress
.would have been unmindful of hi
trust, if he had not called the atten
tiou of that body to this anomaly an.
urged upon it the policy of restorinj
alienated feelings, by admitting eacl
State to its constitutional rights. H
has done this. In language terse
forcible and dignified, he has portray
ed what the Executive has contri
buted towards reconstruction, by rc
moving the blockade, re-establiskinj
the custom houses, enforcing interna
revenue! laws, providing mail facili
ties, urging the adoption of the con
stifcutional amendment, and grad nail;
withdrawing military authority a
rapidly as the people were preparei
1? substitute the civil. Ho remind
Congress that the judicial depart
aient has recognized the secedin
States as in the Union by all the prc
Oedings that affected them a3 State
in the Federal courts," and that th
history of Congressional legislation
is a continuous recognition of th
same fact up to the time of refusin
them representation. The dec?an:
tion that the war was made "to pri
serve the Union, with alltlie dignity
equality and rights of the seven
Stat's unimpaired," stands nun
voted. Senators and repr?sentative
were recognized from seceding State;
though elected in several instance
after the act of secession. The dirc<
tax of twenty millions was apportioi
ed upon the South as States, as als
their representatives by districts. S<
too, the recognition of Tennessee
an admission that the functions of tl:
State were not destroyed, but mere!
Tho citations from Washingtoi
Jefferson and Jackson, aro most o<
portune. Legitimate amending <
the Constitution so as to avoid ii
.color of usurpation, strict, limitatic
of ita powers and freedom from inte
meddling, are ideas that should be f
miliar to every lover of his countr
Horace Greeley says, verysensibl;
?'Let us have an end to all controve
sy concerning negroes and the
righ ts, so as to be ready to go abo
our busbies. If negroes aro idl
they must go hungry and ragged;
they steal, they must be punished
not as negroes, but as mon. If tin
have not yet learned that freedo
means freedom to work, tho wint
just coming on will teach them-wi
a good many others-that wholesor.
Thc Kepwblicun Caucas.
We take the. following report from
tho New York Herald, of Monday:
An ?djonrncd caucus of the radical
members of the "House of Represen?
tatives was held last evening, in the
hull of the House. About fifty mem?
bers emly were present. The meet?
ing was characterized by great una?
nimity among those present. Hon.
Justin S. Morrill, of Vermont, pre?
sided. Hon. Thaddeus Stevens ad?
dressed th*; meeting, stating the
object for which it was called, which
was to secure concert of action among
the radical majority in Congress. He
reviewed at considerable length the
attitude of the President toward the
majority of the loyal people of the
country, and commented upon his
policy and the reasons why Congress
should effect a com plate and perfect
reversal. At the closo of his remarks,
Mr. Stevens submitted the draft of a
bill, which, he gave notice, he intend?
ed to introduce in the House, to
govern Federal appointments. Thc
principal feature of this bill is that
the President shall, within ten days
after tho meeting of Congress, sub?
mit to the Senate a full list of all re?
movals from and appointments to
office made during the vacation there?
of, with the reasons therefor; that
the Senate shall , reject all appoint?
ments made for political reasons;
and that the persons so rejected shall
be disqualified for three years there?
after from holding any office under
the Federal Government. In case of
a rejection of any appointment made
by the President, the office shall im?
mediately revett to the officer pre?
viously removed, and all appoint?
ments made subordinate to the officer
whose nomination is so rejected .shall
fall with his rejection, and revert to
those previously filling such places.
On motion of a member, a committee
was appointed to notify Senators of
the sentiments, of the meeting, and
request that no confirmation of presi?
dential appointments made for politi?
cal reasons bc given. Mr. Stevens
suggested that the committee need
not notify Mr. Cowan of this action,
as he would perform that duty him?
Mr. Boutwell, of Massachusetts,
submitted some remarks, in which he
opened up the subject of impeaching
the President. He thought that a
special committee should be appoint?
ed, whose duty* it should be to in?
quire into the whole subject, with
power to send for persons and papers.
The sugesti?n met with the hearty co?
op?ration of every member present.
At this stage of the proceedings.
Mr. Stevens moved that a 'committee
of ten be appointed, to whom all the
various propositions be submitted,
looking to a plan of action for Con?
gress to pursue, and that said com?
mittee report to the general caucus,
which is called for Wednesday even?
ing next. The following committee
was then announced-Stevens, Bout
well, Wasburue, of Illinois, Garfield,
Allison, Schenck, Hart, Orth, Merrili
The propriety of changing the time
for the meeting of tho Fortieth Con?
gress from thc 1st of December to
the 5th of March was also discussed,
but without arri vingatany conlusiou.
Jndge Kelley, of Pennsylvania,
j submitted the draft of a bill for the
creation of a separate department, to
be called thc "Department of Iuter
! nal Revenue." The bill was care?
fully prepared, and had met, as Mr.
Kelley said, with tho approval of the
abl?st jurist iu the land. It was read
at length to the caucus and unani?
mously approved. The following is
a synopsis of the bill:
Section one provides that, for the
purpose of tho assessment and col?
lection of internal duties and taxes.
stamx> duties and licenses or special
taxes, which are now or may be here?
after imposed by law, a department
is hereby created, to be called the
"Department of Internal Revenue."
Section two specifies the officers of
the department as follows: Onecom
missioner, with a salary of $8,000, to
be appointed by the Supreme Court,
upon the nomination of the Chief
Justice, to hold his office for the term
of four years; one deputy commis?
sioner, with a salary of $4,500; two
assistant deputies, each with a salary
of 83,501) ; one chief clerk, salary
?2,500; ono solicitor, salary 84,000;
one assistant solicitor, salary $3,000,
one cashier, salary ?3,000, who shall
act as disbursing officer of the de?
partment; seven heads of divisions,
each with a salary of ?2,500, and not
exceeding thirty-six clerks of Class 4,
forty-live of Class 3, fifty of Class 2,
fifty of Gloss 1; fifty-five female
clerks, five messengers, three assist?
ant messengers, fifteen laborers and
eight watchmen. All the above clerks
and employees to be designated and
appointed by the commissioner.
Section three defines the duties of
the commissioner, in addition to
duties now performed by that officer,
to be executive officer of the depart?
ment, anJ is authorized and required
to appoint and commission all collect?
ors, assessors, inspectors and other
officers of internal revenue.
Section four provides for the com?
mencement of the term of office ol
the new appointees, and that all ap?
pointments made or commissions
issued under existing laws shall bi
annulled ut tho time this act take?
Section five defines the duties ol
deputy commissioner and assistants
I Section six provides that the coshiei
shall perform such duties us may bt
prescribed by the commissioner, ant
shall give bonds with sufficient sure
tics, to be approved bj the commis?
sioner and Solicitor.
Section seven provides that the.
bond of tho. commissioner shall b?'
approved by the Chief Justice of tire
Supreme Court, aud, with that of the
cashier, shall be deposited with . tho
first Comptroller of the Treasury. All
other official bonds to be approved
by thc solicitor, and deposited with
Section eight defines tho duties of
the solicitor, which are substantially
flu1 same as now performed by that
?Section nine provides that the seve?
ral collection districts shall remain as
now rived, provided that the com?
missioner may alter or change such
districts at his option, but in no case
to iucrease the number.
Section ten provides for the trans?
fer of the present Bureau of Internal
Keveline to the new department.
Section eleven provides for an
Auditor of Internal Revenue, with
the usual duties pertaining to the
auditors of the several departments.
Section twelve provides that appro?
priations for flu; expenses of tho de?
partment shall be made from tho re?
ceipts of the department.
Section thirteen prescribes the
manner of payment of the expenses
of the department.
Section fourteen repeals all acts and
parts of acts inconsistent with this
bill, and that this act shall take efieei
on the 1st of January, 1867.
The caucus adjourned to meet on
Wednesday evening next. at. which
time the Senators will Ix invited to
participate in the proceedings.
Mr, Broomall, of Pennsylvania,
insists that Mr. Stevens' proposed
bill, submitted to the caucus last
night, does not reach appointments
made during the present recess. He
has, therefore, prepared a bill, which
he will present immediately and press
to a passage, requiring the President
to send to the Semite for confirmation
within ten days after the meeting of
Congress, a complete list of all ap?
pointments made during the recess,
and in thc event of his failure to do
so, the appointments to bo null and
void. Also a resolution calling upon
the Committee on Territories to bring
in bills organizing as Territories the
late seceded States not now represent?
ed in Congress.
A DEAD IJOCK.-Several prominent
journals of radical proclivity acknow?
ledge the existence of a political dead
lock. The overwhelming triumph of
their party has made action of some
kind imperative, and how to act con?
sistently and honastly seems to be
tho grand difficulty. Commenting
upon the situation, the Tribune says:
"The loyal North has demonstrated
her ability to keep the rebels out of
Congress; the rebel South hus like?
wise proved lier power to prevent in?
definitely the duo ratification of the
constitutional amendment. This dead
lock affords to * * '' the more
generous and far-seeing minds of
either section an opportunity which,
once lost, may never return."
It is something to get an acknow?
ledgment of this kiud from Mr. Gree?
ley, and proof is not wanting therein
that radicalism is sorely puzzled for
pretexts and policies. We have
only to keep quiet and let the North
work out the problem to suit herself.
Desperate efforts are being made to
impeach the President, resolve the
Southern States -into territories, ad?
mit unorganized wildernesses to the
rank of States for constitutional
amendment purposes, etc. When
matters get into an inextricable snarl,
some Grant or Sherman may enact
the part of Alexander. Consequent
upon measures pushed to tho last ex?
tremity, the South may peaceably in?
herit her rights.
OUR PiiATFOKii.-Let tho Southern
people be sure to produce, as they
easily can, an abundant supply of
provisions, manufacture their own
timber and iron in all the implements
they need, spin and weave all tho
cotton they consume, and let only
the surplus of the staple, if any, pass
aver to Lowell and Manchester, to bo
paid for in hard cash. Let them do
whatever may bo necessary to secure
i free Republican Staco Government,
iud steadily refuse, by any debasing
compliances, to p?rchate tho privi?
lege of enjoying their constitutional
rights in the Federal Union. So em?
ployed, let them manfully meet what?
ever destiny may bo in store for
them, seenro at least ia the possession
:>f their own self-respect.
NORTHERN MEN.-The Richmond
Times emphatically denies that the
people of tho South entertain any
prejudice against Northern men, per
ie. In the ranks of the famous
Washington Artillery-, of New Or?
leans, says tho Tunes, were many
Northerners, and ono of the best
soldiers we ever saw, who was never
known to shirk a fight, was a Con?
necticut school teacher in the 12th
Tri ???om anti Confiscation.
We extract tho following from an
article in tho Charleston Mercury.
Wo have had frequent inquiries as
to-the crime of treason and its penal?
ties, and give the Mercury's state?
ment, as a condensed and pretty cor?
Treason, to be efficacious against
any citizen, must be brongiit home
to him by a trial and conviction; aud
his trial and conviction must be by a
jury, sitting in the State and district
where the treason wascommitted. The
Constitution of. the United States
says, in 3d Article. lld Sect ion : "Trea?
son against the United States shall
consist only of levying war against
them, or in adhering to their ene?
mies-giving them aid and comfort."
In the 3d Article, 2d Section
"The trial of all crimes, except in
cases of impeachment, shall be by
jury; and such trial shall be held
in the State where; t4ie said crimes
shall be committed."
The States were not satisfied with
this clause in the Constitution, and
proposed the following amendment,
Article G, which was adopted: 'Tn
all criminal prosecutions, the ac?
cused shall enjoy the right to a speedy
and public trial, by an impartial jury
of the State and district wherein the
crime shall have been committed,
which district shall have been pre?
viously' ascertained by law, and to be
informed of the nature and cause of
the accusation; to be confronted with
the witnesses against him; to have
compulsory process for obtaining wit?
nesses in his favor, and to have thc
assistance of counsel for his defence."
The 5th amended Articles pre?
scribes: "That no person shall be
held to answer for a capital, or other?
wise infamous crime, unless on a pre?
sentment or indictment of grand
The course of proceedings then, in
treason, appear to be this: 1. The
indictment for treason must, be laid
before a grand jury. 2. If a true bill
is fourni by the grand jury, lui must
be speedily and publicly tried by an
impartial petit jury, in the State and
district where the treason is alleged
to have been committed. 3. He shall
be informed of the nature anti cause
of the accusation. 4. Be confronted
with the witnesses against him. 5.
Have compulsory process to obtain
witnesses in his favor. (5. Have the
assistance of counsel. 7. And at the
trial, shall have the right of challeng?
ing those'who are to compose the
jury-twenty-one peremptorily, and
as many more as he can ?how cause,
from any expressions or acts, aro not
impartial. And finally, when the
trial comes oil', the winde petit jury
(twelve in number) must agree as to
the criminality of tho accused, ol?
lie must be acquitted. If one man on
tho petit jury thinks tin; accused not
guilty, he is entitled to a verdict to
These are the forms hy which all
persons accused of treason, by the
United States, are to be tried. If
fairly carried out, it requires no ghost
to help us to predict that no citizen
of t.!ie Southern States, on account of
tiie late war, will ever be convicted of
treason against the United States.
And threats of confiscation are as
terrorless as threats of treason. As a
punishment for treason, the Consti?
tution expressly prohibits it. Itsays,
Article 3, Section 3: "No attainder of
treason shall work corruption of blood,
or forfeiture, except during tho life of
the person attainted." It is plain,
from this clause of the Constitution,
that even if a man should he convict?
ed of treason, his property could "oe
taken by the Government only dur?
ing his life-time. After his death
(which is generally shortly after his
conviction) it goes to his heirs-at-law.
But to be forfeited even to this extent,
there must first bo a trial by jury, and
a conviction for treason. Can the
property of any citizeu of the United
States, whether a supposed rebel or
not, be taken from him, by tho Go?
vernment of the United States ex?
cepting in the qualified manner pre?
scribed in Article 3d of tho Constitu?
tion, on a conviction of treason? The
Act of Congress, declaring that the
property of all rebels iu the Southern
States shall be confiscated, does not
alter the matter. They must be tried
and convicted of being rebels, before
thc law can apply; and when itapplies.
it is limited by the 3d Article of the
Constitution. From theso views ol
the Constitution, which wo believe tc
be incontrovertible, our readers can
judge of tho senseless cry in tht
Northern States, for all the lands o!
the people in the Southern States tt
be taken from them by confiscation.
They cannot take one single acre; and
we do not believe, that to take ti
single acre will he attempted. Tht
Government of the United States may
hold our property by military occu
paney. But that is not title. It ii
force. As the reign of peace is now
established, we must presume thal
tho wild demon and injustice of wai
will cease, and reason and the Consti
tution again prevail.
THE COPTON Citor.-The pre:? anti
speculators of tho North, repeal
heir estimates of tho cotton crop
monthly and weekly, making it niucl
beyond what it really is, as they will
learn in time. Well-informed per
3ons/frorc the South have no idea
that it will exceed 1,500,000 bales
Very probably it will not bo mort
than 1,200,000 bales, compared witt
1,600,000 before the war.
Under this caption the Richmond
Examiner gives thc following counsel
to the people of Eastern Virginia,
and the South generally :
"The people of Eastern Virginia,
are like the remainder of the South,
flu; poorest population in the civilized
world; yet, though it sounds a para?
dox, there is no part of the country
in which intelligent labor will more
certainly insure subsistence. We
will not enlarge upon the causes
which have brought our people to
this condition-everybody knows
what they ave. We made a gallant
tight, and the sons of the Old Do?
minion displayed, on many a hardly
contested field, and through many
privations, tin; noblest qualities of
"When her army surrendered, the
Southern people lost in greater part
the accumulations of all past labor,
We, in Virginia especially, were
brought down to the 'bed-rock.' bet
us look fate in tho face. Does not
every considerate mind recognize tho
fact, naked as we state it ?
" It is idle to rely upon help from
outside; capital will not come here
for the purpose solely of lifting us
out of the mud; if it conics at ali, it
will conic with tin! object to profit
from our misery-to buy our lands
at a nominal juice, or with thc ex?
pectation of gains not withiu the
reach of poverty such as ours.
"A sterner courage and a higher
intelligence arc now demanded from
us than at any time in the past; nor
will anything but resolute will, self
denial and patient labor, rescue us
from irretrievable wretchedness and
pauperism. Neither is there any
disgrace in thc g?rerai strait to which
we ure reduced; and it would be but
common sense to confess our im?
poverished condition to tho world and
" Then \y.t it not be said that we
are in the condition of the most mise?
rable creature in the world-a broken
down gentleman. who, without
profession, and without means of
support, resorts to every contempti?
ble expedient to gratify tastes and
habits that belonged to his former
prosperity. What is appropriate to
the one condition is not honestly
suited to a narrow estate; and there
is hardly a man among us who can
neglect the retrenchment now neces?
sary. There arc some individuals
who may have come out of the war
unscathed; and a certain number who
were enriched thereby. But the first
class have claims upon them which
they cannot ignore towards helping
the less fortunate; and the second
class, for shame, if not for humani?
ty's sake, should refrain from thc dis?
play of their ill-gotten wealth.
"If patriotism required self-denial
during the war, self-interest demands
it now: and every man who lives be?
yond his means is committing a so?
cial crime. The working cyipital ol
thc community is pitifully small, am:
every cent beyond the supply of ban
necessaries is requisite to secure au
other start. Niiver was the adage sc
true, that 'a penny saved is a penn}
made.' It would be the very mad
ness of thc hour to sacrifice presen
independence and the future comfor
of our families, in the vain attempt tc
keep up appearances. There is de
gradation inexpressible in the folly o;
imitating the extravagance and luxu?
ry of our conquerors.
"These are homely lessons, bntw<
nro bound-to take them to heart
Every man and woman among ui
who realizes the real condition of eui
state will then have taken the sun
step towards raising us from tin
slough, and may iud.tige the jus
hope of honorable independence.
"Means are at hand, too. Tin
^xteut of our lauds is far more thai
ideqnate to our population, as nov
constituted, and circumstances per
mit selection as to location and natu
ral fertility. Forest and stream fur
nish a great deal of food spontane
msly; the labor at our command i
io some sense cheaper than formerly
iud, for a time at least, will be quit
is effective. Neither are land-owner
embarrassed, as before, by the sup
port of numerous non-producers. W<
dave railroads and other avenues ti
joramerce, which aro valuable relic
[)f tho past prosperity; easy acc?s
still to numerous markets, where w
;an sell everything we can raise.
"Our lands are still our chief re
source, nor should wo lose the sub
stance in grasping at tho shadow
Outside of our great mineral re
sources-as yet, so little developed
the Old Dominion can maintain i
comfort every industrious and thrift
son-her war-scarred bosom can stil
yield sustenance to the childre:
ivhom nature has given her."
Two soldiers made an unprovokei
isault on a cripple-an ex-Confede
.ate soldier named Atkinson-in Au
msta, on Thursday last, when th
atter fired on them, severely wound
ng ene of "the boys in blue." Tb
saptain of the company to which th
loldiers belonged declined to prose
Mite, as the act was in self-defence.
Am rican intervention in Mexico]
iffairs is considered by all residen
oreigners in Mexico and by well-in
brined Liberals to be only aqnestioi
>f time. They say that European
ire unfitted for pioneers and set tiers
md that the Americans are the onl;
icople on the earth capable of rc
itoring peace and prosperity to Mex
The-jPAcewix office is on Main street, a
fovr doora above Taylor (or Camden) street.
Ova. HEADING ROOST. - M< mbera of the
Legislature ate' tin; Citizen? generally, aro
invited to visit tho Pffjenix reading room,
where they will find on file papers and
periodicals from ever' section of the Union.
Tho building is open day and night.
Fou HISTORY-As HEUII-LOOM.-Preservo
tb? record of the destruction of Columbia,
written by one of Soutli Carolina's histo?
rians, who was present during tho whole
Kacie and destruction of our city, lt is tho
most authentic account published:
FOB CHIUSTXAS.- If von are on thc look?
out for something for the little folks, call
<>n Mr. McKenzie-ho has a beautiful as?
sortment of plain, fancy and mechanical
toys, fire-works, French confectionery, Ac.
But if your presents aro designed for
tiioso of o!.1er growth, drop in at Major
Radcliffe's new store, and make your selec?
tion from among the handsome articles to
be found in his show-cases. Don't bo
afraid of tho price -for, should your pile of
greenbacks bo never so small, he will suit
yon, as his slock is varied. .
LEGAL.-In I he Court of Appeals, on yes?
terday, the following causes were heard:
Divings ct al. vs. Farrow ri al. Mr.
Sullivan concluded tiis argument in reply.
Tlios. i. Pickens ct al. ad*. Ezekiel
Pickens. Mr. Th os. Thomson for motion.
Mr. Noble, cont ra.
W. J. Major .7 al. mh:. The State. Mr.
J. II. Whither for motion. No reply.
Hugh McCelvcy vs. Wm. McCelvey and
A. L. Welch. W. ]). Mars vs. A. 1?. Con?
nor, heard together. Mr. Noble, for ap?
Hall vs. Hall ads. Barksdalo and wife,
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. -Attention iscall
ed to thc following advertisements, which
ire published this morning for the first
R. lt. King-Have you a Congh?
Fanning's Restaurant -Lunch.
Proceedings of City Council.
Lunch at Pollock House.
A KINGDOM EXTINGUISHED.-Lato
cable despatches announce the recall
of the foreign ministers of Hanover,
and the winding up of the affairs of
that kingdom-which henceforth will
be no kingdom, but merely a part or
State of Prussia. Hanover has an
area about twice as great as that of
Massachusetts, and nearly twice tho
population of that State; hut though
so small, thc; kingdom leis played a
conspicuous part in thc history of
Europe, and has itself known many
changes. Tho ancient inhabitants
were conquered by Charlemagne, who
made Hanover a part of his empire.
It remained a duchy of Saxony until
1C92, when Earnest Augustus received
the dignity of Elector. From this
elector descended Ge?rge Louis, who
in 1714 inherited the throne of Eng?
land as George I. From 1711 to 1837
Hanover had the same sovereigns as
England, but its own administration.
In 1801 it was occupied by Prussia,
in 1803 by the French, and again by
Prussia in 18015. lu 1810 Napoleon
united it to Westphalia. The death
of William IV separated Hanover
from England, as the crown could de?
scend only to male heirs. The Duke
of Cumberland ascended the throne
as King Earnest Augustus, from
whom, in 1851, it descended to his
son, George V, the last kiijg who
occupied thc throne of the lato king?
Lexington (Ky.) Gazette, speaking of
tho agricultural department of. tho
State University, says:
This department of the University
is fast rilling to the capacity of ac?
commodation. There areabout eighty
students, and a fine and more gentle?
manly set of young men are not to bo
found in any college in the country.
It is a handsome sight to sei; them on
parade, with their new uniforms and
martial air, stepping with the preci?
sion of veterans to the drum and fife.
There are no students taken under
sixteen years of age, and those now
entered are fine grown, athletic young
men, in the very picture of health.
They present a marked contrast to
most college students, with their
sickly, bent forms and cadaverous
countenances. This is tho result of
the out-dor exercise and work which
they do. The drill, which they go
through, straightens their forms, and
their mental discipline deprives them
of the brutal expression which is ob?
servable in the mere soldier.
They have a special law in Missis?
sippi to put a stop to cotton stealing
in the five Counties of Amite, Wil?
kinson, Claiborne, Adams and Jeffer?
son. lt forbids the sending of cot?
ton to ma ket "otherwise than iu
bales, put np in the usual way," and
makes the sending of cotton "in
loose bags, sacks ami bundles," prima
facie proof that it has been stolen.
The offending party is subject to
arrest aud fine, and the ci 'ton, if
condemned as stolen, is to be re?
turned to the owner, or, if no owner
be found, sold, and one-fourth of tho
net proceeds paid to the officer muk
ng the seizure, and the remaining
three-fourths paid into the treasury
of the County. The eilender ou
conviction, is made punishable 'or
petit or grand larceny, according to
tho amount in value of the stolen
cotton. There has been a trial under
diis law lately in Adams County, re?
nting in a conviction.