Newspaper Page Text
Saturday Morning, Jan. 13, 1867.
Two Kv?ls Co 3>r Remedied.
Tho report o? Mr. Wells, Special
Commissioner of the Revenue, which
was recently submitted to Congress,
dwells with some force upon two im?
pediments to tho business prosperity
of the country-bea vj taxation and
an inflated currency.
Ho shows that excossive taxation
has an injurious effect on thc pro?
ducing interests of thc country, and
in very many instances is the causo
of violations of thc law, ns in tho
case of the high tax on distilled
spirits, fie says it has been ascer?
tained that for every throe gallons
that pay the heavy tax imposed by
thc revenue laws, five evade the pay?
ment; and, on this ground, he re?
commends a reduction to ono dollar
per gallon. The high tax on tobacco
is productivo of similar results-thc
frauds commit ted therein in a singlo
section of coiintrv being $20,000
Mr. Wells contends that this high
taxation has crippled production, and
yet enhanced price -. Thc. prices of
leading articles of consumption, he
says, show an average advauco of
ninety per cent., while thc labor
engaged in producing them has only
advanced sixty per cent. Ho says the
diminution of competition, thc main?
tenance of an extravagant scale of
prices, and th" growth of grievous
monopolies, are sapping the vitality
of many industrial pursuits. He
affirms that, in many descriptions of
manufacture, the internal rates of
taxation, snperadded to tho high
prices of raw materials and for labor,
sweep nearly all tho profits into tho
coffers of thc Government, and, in
many instances, actually offer a
bounty to the foreign competitor.
In connection with a reduction of
taxation, he advises a contraction of |
the currency, and argues that tho
retaining of the present amount of
currency in circulation tends to in?
crease no business except what is
speculative, and check the very deve?
lopment which is expected to provo
remedial. He contends that tho
$300,000,000 which tho national
banks arc authorized to issue is suffi?
cient for tho legitimate business of
the country. He denies tbat contrac?
tion concurrent with reduction of
taxation would injure any producing
interest, but, on the contrary, main?
tains that thc influence of such a
policy seasonably announced, would
go before it, and prices would fall, in i
anticipai ion of a diminished supply
of currency, and with such a decline
the purchasing power of money
would so iucrense as to keep the
volume of circulating medium suffi?
ciently ample to facilitate all needful
and legitimate s xchanges, and at tho
same time diminish tim field of spe?
Ono thing is evident-tho whole
peon!- of iiii> conutry arc over-taxed I
io such an extent that energy and
enterprise are in many instances j
prostrated; but we look for little re-1
lief fron; tho partisans and politicians j
v i > tjov; control national legislation. ?
The taxation per capita imposed upon j
thc American pc opie is higher than
in Great Britain, France, Belgium,
Pru ?si;-, or Austria. How long they
can stand under it, remains to bo
DEATH OF JAMES C. CALHOUN.
Tile Abbeville Banner records the
death of .Tame:- C. Calhoun, of that
District. He had been in failing
health, and thc La nier understands
that he emigrated to Texas to re?
cruit, riding across thc plain by him?
self. Ile became exhausted by tho
way, and was lound speechless, in
thc midst of tho vast prairie solitudes
THE KIXGSTEEE CATASTROPHE.
The Kingstrcc -Starhas thc following:
"Lieut. Boss, commaudihg the
garrison at this place, acting under
instructions from Gen. Scott, of the
Freedmen's Bureau, arrested Sheriff
Matthews, James P. Barrineau and
J. S. Beck, on yesterday, and sent
them to Charleston this morning.
This arrest was made in consequence
of their being in charge of tiio jail
winch was recently destroyed by lire
at this place. These officers were
arrested while in discharge of their
duty on tho District Court."
- - -
^ Form y s Press speaks of Thad.
Stevens as a "sort of institution :
created for tho time and tho oe- ]
casion. " Thc radicals in tho Pennsyl?
vania L?gislature consider Mr. Came?
ron a bettor sort of institution than j
Tho Tcxai Labor 1.?".
The Legislature of Texas bas
passed a law regulating the matter of
contracts between planters and freed?
men. The New Orleans Crescent fur?
nishes thc following -synopsis, which
wo re-produce, ns it may furnishsome
suggestions to those making contracts
for tho present year:
1. No person is compelled to con- '
tract, yet if they do so for a period
longer than ono month, the contract
must be in writing, signed and wit?
nessed in presence of a justice of the
peace, County juu^<., County clerk,
or notary public.
2. If tbe contract is violated on the
part of tho laborer, all wages earned
to tho lime of abandonment arc for?
feited, unless such abandonment is
caused on account of harsh treat?
ment, or violation cf contract by the
3. One copy of the contract must
bo deposited with tbe County clerk,
and any court of competent jurisdic?
tion may enforce the contract.
4. The County clerks are to keep
tin alphabetical register of tho con
5. All labor contracts must bc made
witii heads of families; shall embrace
the labor of all members of the fa?
mily named therein, and are binding
on all minors.
G. The wages due are a lien upon
the crops to one-half the crop, se?
cond, however, to the rent liens.
7. One-half thc wages to be paid
as agreed upon, the other bali may
be retained by the employer until the
contract is completed.
8. If employers wilfully fail, they
may be lined in double tho amount
due thc laborer, to bc for his benefit;
and any cruelty, inhumanity, or negli?
gence of duty, on thc p;irt of the
employer, may be summarily pun?
ished by fine.
0. In case of sickness, the laborer's
wages, for ibu time lost, to be de?
ducted, and if feigned, lie forfeits
double thc wages for the time; and if
lie refuses to work, when able, for
more than three days, he may be re?
ported to a justice of the peuce, and
may bo adjudged, ii be refuses still
to work under his contract, on any
10. Must work ten hours a day ia
summer, and nine hours in winter,
unless otherwise stipulated in his con?
tract; is charged with proper care of
stock, etc., etc.,.which aro at bis con?
trol for laboring purposes; is re?
sponsible for injuries wilfully done,
for disobedience of orders, etc.
11. Labe rers engaged in household
duties are subject to all tho calls of
the family where employed, nt all
hours, day or night, except when
sick, provided no such call shall be
made after 10 o'clock at night, or on
Sundays, unless the exigencies of the
family or household render such calls
necessary or unavoidable.
12. For habitual laziness, etc., tho
laborer may bc discharged, subject,
however, to an award, by two citi?
zens, assisted by a justice of thc
13. Any contract made in a foreign
country, according to the law there,
may bo enforced here, if properly
lt appears from an article in the
Crescent that the agent of the Freed?
men's Bureau in Texas bas nullified
the provisions of this law and direct?
ed his sub-agents to disregard it,
and that if any contract between a
planter and a freedman shall bc found
in accordance with this law, said con?
tract must be ileemed and regarded
as null and void, and of none effect
in law or equity.
Wo extract thc following paragraph
from thc comments of our cotempo
rary <'ti this order from theBurean:
"In common cases, and where only
common men are concerned, it will
be remembered by many middle
aged gentlemen that the laws of
St.iles were held as constitutional,
and aa inch respected, until, on a
cose duly brought before a Federal
court on actual suit, the State law
was found to be inconsistent with the
Constitution of the United States, or
of some Federal law made in con?
formity therewith. That's old-fogy
ism. Now-a-days, all power emanates
from the radical majority in Con?
gress, and is chiefly to hi executed
by tho Freedmen's Bureau. What?
ever i:-, found co lie m contravention
with tho wishes ot that majority, or
of its distinguished chief, Thaddeus
Stevens, ceases to be a law, and can
no longer beheld as binding in courts
or conscience, especially in Texas."
The prevailing idea it would seem,
among the officers of thcBnreau, and
indeed the whole radical party, is
that tho planters of the South are
determined to defraud tho freeJmcu
and get out of them all tho work
they can, and theo refuse to pay for
the labor. Why this notion should
obtain among sensible people is not
easily accounted for. Tho .explana?
tion mig t be found in the fact that
the Bureau is a paying institution
to its oflicers and employees. But
wo feel well assured that were the
freedmen and. those with whom they
aro identified, relieved from the
interference of these officers, there
would be a vast improvement, both
in the condition of tho laborer, and
in the material prosperity of the
From tho initials subscribed to the
following interesting communication,
extracted from the Charleston Cou?
rier, wo presume it is from the pen
of that able and venerable writer on
political economy, J. N. Cardoza,
Those who have watched thc pro?
gress of trade, must have been struck
with those remarkable coincidences
which, at ?early equally recurring
periods, take place, and which are
denominated commercial crises.
What is not less remarkable is that
they recur at nearly regular periods.
Thus, in 1825, a crisis of this kind
was witnessed in England, and which
extended to the United States, thal
gave a great shock to public and pri?
vate credit. In lS3l> 'Al. about ten
years after, an exactly similar crisis
occurred both in En gland and the
United States. The crisis of 1857 is
too familiar and too recent not to be
itt tho recollection of all. The causes
of these occurrences may not always
bc philosophically traced, but the
most rational way of accounting for
them is by supposing that the public
mind after a lapse of years having
been dormant, and communities dur?
ing a tolerably long course of pros?
perity having accumulated capital, a
spirit of enterprise ami adventure is
engendered as the result of reaction
from the previous quietude or inac?
tion, lie the explanation what it
may, thc historical ?act is indisput?
able that sucli nearly recurring
periods form a part ol* the history of
The question -.irises from thc great
tension of the public mind in the di?
rection of excessive speculation, for
some time past, whether 1S6T will
not lind ns in the midst of collapse
and excitement similar to what has
occurred in previous decennial
periods? The spring of tie; present
year may not pass without witness?
ing a crisis of this kind. It behooves
all connected with trade to employ
precautions that would meet a com?
mercial crisis that appears to be
menaced from several causes, both
commercial and political. The
shortness of thc cotton crop seems
favorable to speculation; the pros?
pect of a balance of trade against us
from a deficiency in thu aggregate
value of our exports, as compared
with onr imports, and thence the ne?
cessity of remitting a large balance
in gold, point io such u result almost
In addition to these circumstances,
political complications indicate simi?
lar consequences. Those who have
watched conjunctures in our history
nearly identical with the present state
of thing3, will not fail to deduce tho
proper inferences. When tho admi?
nistration of Mr. Van Buren carried
out tho financial policy of General
Jackson, it did not fail to bring Gen.
Harrison into tho Presidency, and to
effect a completo revolution of par?
ties. The pecuniary pressure was so
severe, on the people-tho conse?
quence of that policy-ns to revolu?
tionize nearly all thc industrial inte?
rests of the country.
Now the application el' this princi?
ple is obvious to all v. ho are observant
of the-course of events. The papers
inform us that European capitalists,
who are large holders of American
securities, aro becoming alarmed at
tho political sfato of affaira in tho
United States. The menaced im?
peachment of tho President may not
result in anything that threatens a
conflict between tho Executive and
legislative departments of the Go?
vernment, for wo believe that the
radical party leaders are loo sagacious
to force such an issue, but tho Eu?
ropean moneyed interest is too sensi?
tive not to be affected by tho appear?
ance of things on this side of thc
Atlantic. Tho .supposition is natural
that, becoming alarmed, American
securities will be remitted to thc
United States, and the proceeds in
gold sent to Europe. If this should
be concurrent, with a large balance
due for over imports, it would cause
a pecuniary pressure that maj' result
in a political revolution and thc over?
throw of thc radical party. It, per?
haps, is to be wished that tiiis party
would carry out tho policy of some
of its leaders by an impeachment ol
thc President. It would bring about
thai political chango that would re?
sult in the speedy restoration of the
Union and the equality of tho States.
J. N. C.
t> ->~ -
I. O. O. F.-GRAND Lone J; OP TIU:
STATE OP SOUTH CAROLINA.-At tho
annual communication of the Grand
Lodge of tho Stale of South Carolina,
held in Charleston, on the 17th, the
following Brothers were installed
into their respective offices: P. G.
M. Caldwell, M. W. G. M. ; P. G. ll.
H. McDowell, K. W. D. G. M. ; P.
G. J. F. Speck, M. D., lt. W. G. W. :
P. G. Rev. L. C. Loyal, R. W. G.
Chaplain; H. G. M. John H. Honour,
jr., M. D., R. W. G. Secretary; P.
G. B. Dross, ii. W. G. Treasurer; P.
G. M. Wm. Thayer, Ii. W. G. Rep?
resentative; P. G. M. John McKen?
zie, Ii. W. G. Representative; P. G.
John T. Milligan, W. G. Marshal; P.
G. Ii. F. Divvcr, W. G. Conductor.
At a meeting of the Grund En?
campment, held on the 18th instant,
tho following officers were elected
T, McKenzie, W. G. C. P. ; L. C.
Loyal, W. G. H. P.; J. T. Milligan,
W. G. J. W.; P. S. Jacobs, W. G. S.:
- Duvall, W. G. T.; J. McCammon,
W. G. S.
Silk factories arc springing up on
.he Pacific cotst.
An Imperialist in C'ongrcu.
All history has shown that the step
from anarchy to despotism is easy
and natural. Anarchy is the result
of disrespect of law, of a menial con?
dition that fads to perceive the im?
portance of order. lt i? in nations
the malady which in in Hviduals is
called insanity. Its characteristic
symptom is ideal disorder. Jt is
lack of the powered' mental control.
Politicians whoso minds have lost
their balance, whose reasoning pro?
cesses, arc not guided by fixed princi?
ples, who start from no established i
basis and toove not in obedience to j
?aw, who measure their own ideas by '
no standard, and whose minds ate ail
tore up, are already in the condition
tallied anarchy. lt ia natural that
the. idea of such persons should run
in tho direction of despotism*
It is perfectly natural, therefore,
that Mr. Halbert IC. Paine, member
of Congress from Wisconsin, should,
piopose, in the Uouse of Represen?
tatives, i? bill I' r'e-orgauiise the mili?
tia in thc seve. ' States upon a plan
so strikingly analogous to Die des?
potic military system of imperial
France that, liad iL been proposed in
the French chambers, the proposer!
could not have failed to be set down j
as the most undoubted of imperial- I
isis. The proposition is no jnoie nor !
less than to organize a grund national j
army to support the- political supre?
macy of thc reigning -dynasty. It j
provides for enrolling all the able
bodied men over eighteen years obi,
and for "'a national guard of two
regiments in each Congressional Dis?
trict," to be officered by the Gover?
nors of States, bat subject to the'
orders of Congress. And "no State
shall be permitted to oi'ganize. any
The measure, o? course, is uncon?
stitutional -if it were not. il would
not be "radical."' But il'is more,
than that, ll is a scheme looking
more directly to the overthrow of the
Republican liberties of America, and
to the laying of thc foundation of an
empire, than any other that lias been
broached in the American Congress.
Tho present Emperor of France
vaulted from a presidency to a throne
on the shoulders of a military organi?
zation precisely similar to that which
Mr. Halbert F. Paine, of Wisconsin,
propos? to establish in this repub?
lic, and thal military organization in
Franco is to-day all that makes
France an empire. If Mr. Halbert
E. Paine's bill to reorganize the mi?
litia should become the law of Ame?
rica, Americans will not have long to
wait to behold "tho man on horse?
back, " and to witness in America the
transformation which occurred when
France went to sleep a Republic and
woko up un Empire.
TBTJTH WKLIL TOLD.-The piquant
"Mack," of the Cincinnati Commer?
cial, who is not a conservative, nor
the correspondent of a conservative
paper, in speaking of the Milligan
decision, has the candor to say:
If there is one thing of which thc
people of this country is more hear?
tily sick than the war itself, it is the
very thing which the Supreme Court
has decided illegal and unconstitu?
tional. Long afier the battle of car?
nage shall have boen forgotten, recol?
lection of these, infamous tribunals
of injustice and oppression will live
in the memory of thc American peo?
ple, and .the only wonder that they
were so quietly submitted to, and
elicited no more marked demonstra?
tion of disapproval than the condem?
nation of a political spe-r ch or the
dissent of a newspaper editorial.
Provost Marshals, Adjutant-Generals
and Judge Advocates, sprang from
the dry goods counters and bar rooms
of the country, full armed in the pa?
noply of war, like Pallas from the
brain of Jove-and the sound of war
was not enough for them; they must
have the sound of justice, too. If
Gen. Grant, or Gen. Sherman, or
any other officer, conceived a pi ju
dieo against anybody, all he lind to
do -was to turn him over to a set of
brass-buttoned tumbler-washers or
epaulettod counter-jumpers-and if
they wouldn't convict him, there was
no . use of anybody else trying it
MASOXKY OF THE HUMAN For.M.
The proportions of the human li^ure
is six times the length of the foot.
Whether the form be slender or
plump, the rule holds good; any de?
viation from it is a departure from
the highest beauty in proportion.
The Greeks made all their statues ac?
cording to this rule. The face, from
tho highest point of the forehead,
where the hair begins, to the chin, is
me-ten th of the whole stature. The
[land, from tho wrist to the middle
inger, is the same. From the top of
:he chest to the highest point in the
"orehead is a seventh. If the length
if the face, from tho roots of the
lair to the chin, bo divided into
;hree equal parts, the first division
le ter m ines the placo where thc eye?
brows meet, and the second the place
>f the nostrils. Tho height, from
lie feet to the top ol' the head, is the
;ame as the distance from the cxtre
nity of the lingers when the arms
- -o-o-e- -
Admiral Sommes has arrived at
alexandria, and entered upon tho
Professorship of Modern Philosophy, j
n tho State Seminary, to which ho
vas recently elected.
Switzerland is the only foreign
)Ower that does not reciprocate in |
ccrcditiug to Washington a Minist
SLAVERY IM BRAZIL.-Some timo
ago, an association was formed, with
committees in l'aris and .London, to
promote the universal abolition of
slavery. The first caro of the com?
mittees was to send addresses to the
Emperor of Brazil-end the Queen of
Spain, thc sovereign ; of tho only two
conni ric- that still have slaves. .That
addressed to tho former potentate
has been answered by his Imperial ?
Majesty's minister for foreign affairs. |
The reply states that the personal de- j
siro of the Emperor and the tendency j
of public opinion in Brazil are equally !
in favor of abolition, and says: "The j
..mancipation of the slaves, a ucees \
'? nsequenee of the abolition o? |
tue e-trade, is now only a ques?
tion form and of opportunity." j
The minister promises that, whenever
the unhappy circumstances in which
the country now is shall permit, the
Brazilian Government will consider,
as an object of the highest impor?
tance, "til" realization of that which
tbe spirit of Christianity has long j
demanded fi'dm the civilized world."
It has been stated since that tin- Em- !
pcror of Brazil had emancipated his j
own slave.-,, as an example for his sub- j
GRKENHACK COUNTERFEITS. -Two j
counterfeits of greenback currency
have been detected in several cities, j
We give a description of the lulls, ?
that the public mav be rm their j
guard: * \" j
20s, imitation read ou top, Ai L of
March H, 1863. Thc female in tho
Centn-, willi left hand resting on :?
sword, has th-- left hand turned to thc
left, and the eyes looking in thc
same direction. In the genuine the
head is turned the same, but thc
eves ai< looking front. Thc foot in
tho counterfeit is distinctly sven, and
counts four toes; wi the genuine it is
not visible. On the reverse sidi-. in
the word Unit?".! States of America,
thc shading runs all through the let?
ters; in the genuine thu letters aro
shaded on thc edge only, showing
the white between.
Hs, of the issue of March 10th,
18G2. Tlie words United States,
when compared with those of
a genuine bill, have a scratchy ap?
pearance. In general appearance,
paper and printing they are well cal?
culated to deceive. .
FIFTEEN THOUSAND DOLLA its WORTH
ov RETRENCHMENT.-During th? last
session of Congress a Committee on
Retrenchment was appointed for the
ostensible purpose of cutting down
tho expenses of the Government.
It was thought by many persons, at
the time the' Committee was appoint?
ed, that the heads of the various de?
partments were better qualified than
anybody elso to keep down their ex?
penses, but tho idea seemed to pre?
vail that the Committee would, in
some mysterious way, do a heavy
business in the money-saving line.
The next news we got of this body is
contained in a resolution that luis
just passed Congress appropriating
"fifteen thousand dollars for tho ex?
penses of tho Retrenchment Com?
mittee." It seems, therefore, that
retrenchment is a very expensive
luxury. Luxuries are well enough
under certain circumstances, but in
view of the prosont heavy indebted?
ness of the Government, and tho
consequent necessity of economy, wo
consider it imprudent to iudulgo in
any moro retrenchment at present.
[iV?it' York Sun.
THE BENEFITS OF PROTECTION.-A j
conqu?te outfit of clothing may be
had in England for $110, while, in
this country, tho same would cost
8321. This will serve to show moro
clearly than auy amount of argument
tho difference between taxation for
revenue purposes merely, as in Eng?
land, and a tarin" that is designed to
protect the manufacturing interests !
at tho expense of tho muss of tho j
people, as in this country.
A complete list of prizes captured
bv the United States Navy during the
war, adjudicated by tho Navy De?
partment, has been prepared for ap?
portionment and distribution. Over
1,000 captured vessels aud tho suc?
cessful cruisers aro enumerated. It
is estimated that not less than 5,000
seamen and officers aro interested in
these prizes, and that from 85,000,000
j to 86,000,000 aro involved.
THE BIGGEST YET.-Tho London
Review's comment upon tho yacht
; race is as follows "Tho Yankees,
j who can boast that they have made
tho biggest national debt ever made
I in tito same time, that they have car
? ried on the biggest civil war, and
crushed tho biggest rebellion ever
known, may now claim the glory of
having had tho biggest y?ichfc race."
Rev. Mrs. Dr. Buddington, of I
Brooklyn, now traveling with herir?s- j
band in Palestine, writes home that |
the sea is so rough near Joppa that
it is a matter of no surprise that the
whale was unable to stand the double
agitation of Jonah and tho billows,
and viewing the prophet as a conun?
drum, "had to give him iq)."
On Tuesday a delegation of the
survivors of tho soldiers of 1S12
waited upon tho Congressional Com?
mittee on Emisions in reference to an
increase of their pension allowance.
It was an adult delegation, thoyonug
est being 74 years ol ago.
A JEALOUS WIFE.-A San Francisco
paper reports that Mrs. Annie Ash?
ley, wife of tho member of Congress
from Nevada, has boen arrested for
threatening to shoot a woman. A
ease of jealousy.
Thc Phoenix office in on Mum street, ?
ow doors above Taylor (or Camdon ) street.
Tho "fence decorator*' who is now pur
uing his vocation around thc city is in
Ogmed that, to avoid trouble, it would bo
,s well to get permission fro tn tho owners
>f prop?, rty b< fore proceeding ?ny further.
We arc highly gratiOed al being ablu to
tate tba- thc eminent divine, itcv. B. M.
'ahm r, ?.!' New Orleans, will preach in the
'rcsbylerian Church, to-morrow (Sunday)
norning, and perhaps in the" evening abo.
i)i a lt KADI NO Ilooiii. Our friends aro
nvtted to visit the Phtrnix reading room,
diere they will find on filo papers and
icriodicala from every seel ?on of the Union,
["ho building is open day and night.
LAMES' INDUSTRIAL ASSOCIATION.-Tb?
itiention of our citizens ia called to the
ard of this society. It i.-i a noble, chari
ablo institution, designed to furnish work
o thf.se who need employment. All who
in ve work to giv<- should aid these ladies
n their benevolent enterprise.
.NEW STORK. We refer'to thc advertise
nc-nt of Mr. A. Palmer, who has removed
ds large s.tock of stoves, of cvpry descript?
ion, tin-ware, Sic., to his new building,
>:i Main street. Mr. P. has a fine atoek of
The building which toi has erected is n
asfceful erick structure, containing two
argo alores on the lir.-t ?tory, with sua
rious rooms above. (>n< of tho ?argo rooms
n tho accord story bas boen taken by the
lowish congregation as a pynagogue, and
.he other is occupied by Mr. Palmer -va a
?tere-roo n for a portion of his stool;.
NKWAi>V75*fiTlsK?.tK>rrs. Atteoti miscall
si to the following advertisements, wide!?
is e published this morning fo" .irst
Pollock House bunch.
Wm. McGuinnia-Northern Cabbage.
W. s. Monteith-Rooms t?) Rent.
W. T. Walter-Auction This Day.
A. Palmor -Removal.
J. AT. li. Agnew-Herrings.
Industrial Association -Clothing
EMIGRATION.-Wo ure gratified to
see that a considerable tide of em mi?
gration has set in our direction, and
hope that the many and manifest
advantages offered by oar region of
country to persons desirous to settle,
will induce many others to do like?
wise. Nearly every day brigns trains
of wagons and carts through our
town, bringing the household goods
of numerous families, who have
abandoned tho worn out fields of tho
?lder States, and are seeking a home
in our genial clime and on our virgin
We observe, too, that planters aro
introducing numbers of colored
laborers from tho older States, and
tho present indications are that a
much greater area of land will bo cul?
tivated this year than there was the
[J'Jast Florida Banner, Jan. 2.
Tni? TARIFF AND TAXATION.-A
Northern exshange -says it has been
informed that the iron interest of
Pennsylvania, tho "wool-growing in?
terest of the West and tho manufac?
turing interests of New England
have combined, for the purpose of
forcing throujh Congress such a re?
vision of the present tariff as shall
still further increase the already one?
rous duties upon iron, upon English
and French cloth, and upon all kinds
of foreign goods; and it is believed
that the combination, notwithstand?
ing all opposition, will attain its ob?
ject. Thc advocates of this measure
iay its adoption is necessary to sus?
tain the manufacturing interests of
the country under the crushing weight
of the present system of taxation.
THE LOWELL, FACTORIES. -If tho
operatives in the Lowell factories
could pass them ives off as "colored
persons," they would infallibly suc?
ceed in their attempt to get their
sloven hours of daily labor reduced
to ten. While they remain wiiite, a
misfortune likely to attend them all
their lives, they never can succeed in
arousing the sympathies of their
Boston employers. Elsewhere work?
ing people are agi eating for the eight
hour system, and success will crown
their efforts; but in Lowell people
must expect harder work and longer
liours, in order that red flannel
jacket and tract missions to thc un?
born" babes of Africa shall bo sus?
tained. Are they not in thc service
if the Lord's chosen? Then why
mould they grumble?
[Xew Yurk Herald.
THE FENIANS.-Asan evidence of
:he rottenness of Fenian affairs in
Ireland, the speech of a Mr. Arck
leacon, ut a Fenian meeting in Nev:
STork, may be taken. He said that .
ie had only lately arrived from Lo?
und, and he assured them that gi?
gantic as wero tho frauds practiced
jere, they were nothing to what had
icon done in Ireland. He believed
he whole of the Fenian leaders there
o bo traitors to the cause, and in tho
Day of the British Government. Men
he most incompetent, some of them
?ven imbecile, were at the head of
A NEGRO ADMINISTRATOR. -Letters
>f administration were granted by
>roper authority, in Wilmington, N.
on Saturday, 14th instant, to
Richard Reed, a colored man, who
nade application to administer on tho
state of John Nixon, colored. Thia
s probably tho first instance of the
dud on record in the South.