Newspaper Page Text
Thursday Morning, Feb. 14, 1867.
Tli?- Tsii ?ff- Jlistultc vf thc Weat.
Tho neople of the "Wost made a
fatal i U/it? when they coalesced
?with tho Republican party to keep
the Southern Senators and members
of Congress excluded from that body.
The tariff bill before Congress will
bear as heavily on tho Wost as it does
on tho poor consumers of the South.
It is a measure expressly framed,
under the plea of protection to Ame?
rican manufactures, to enrich the
Eastern spinners and manufacturing
capitalists, .t the expense of the ag?
ricultural producers, artizans, mecha?
nics, Ac., who have to pay the ini?
quitous premium thus levied by
unprincipled partisans. This ''bill
of abominations," as it, is aptly
styled by some of the Northern
papers, is now being loudly de?
nounced by the people of the North
and West, and its denouncers em?
brace men of all parties.
We learn from the New York 77;??,
of.Friday, that the Chamber of Com?
merce of that city, at its meeting on
the previous dav, unanimously adopt?
ed a memorial to Congress against
thc bill. The memorial sots forth
that while professing "to provide for
increased revenue from imports," the
bill will seriously injure the import
trade and lessen the gold revenue of
the Government at a time when its
need of gold is greater than ever.
The enactment of the new tariff, in
thc opinion of the merchants of New
York, will, therefore, bc to weaken
the public credit. The injury to
commerce, the mercantile marine,
the farmers and mechanics, is also
adverted to. Special emphasis upon
the effect of exorbitant protection
upon the interests protected, and the
injustice of granting to manufac?
turers higher tariff rates simulta?
neously with tin1, revision of the
internal taxatiou in their favor, is
also pointed out.
Such aro the views of practical
business men in the leading commer?
cial metropolis of the country; and
although the same body took the
back track in relation to memorial?
izing Congress against the tax on
cotton, yet. in this matter, we must
believe their vision is much clearer,
and that they discover the difference
of that legislation which compels the
planter to pay tribute out of his im?
poverished fund, from that which
threatens bankruptcy in trade and
commerce, and general distress to al?
most, every class in the community.
"The cohesive power of public
plunder" is admirably illustrated in
all t'ae legislation of the party which
now rules the country, and there is
no practical observer of its course
who musr not come to the conclusion
that, while they proposed, all along,
to be only working to save the Union
and punish "rebels," exacting from
them pledges and guarantees for tho
perpet nation of that Union, they
were only influenced by a lust for
power, that they might the more
easily drain from the exhausted re?
sources of the country the greenbacks
and gold, to swell their own coffers.
If the men of the West and the
working men of the North do not soe
this, they are not entitled to much
credit for political sagacity. The
Western people ought to know by
this time that we of the planting
States of the South are their proper,
if not natural, allies. No such bill,
we verily believe, as this bill of
abominations, could be passed by
Congress, if tho Southern Senators
and Representatives had their seats
in that body. As the New Orleans
Picayune said, a few days ago, thc
men of <? the West now realize the
effect of the aid they have so freely
given in excluding the Southern rep?
resentatives. To use a homely
phrase, "it has come home to them,"
and they will, ere long, be convinced
that, a close uuion with tho South is
necessary for their best interests, ami
that their helplessness in tariff legis?
lation is the accompaniment of S< ?nth
The telegraph informs us that "thc
Portuguese, by Senatorial action,
offer thc abolition of slavery in thc
Portuguese colonies." We do nol
know anything of the conditions.
nor are they important; it is certair
that the present crusade will sweej
slavery from all civilized nations
Whether tho nations will feel nn;j
better after the thing is done, is ou<
of those problems mixed np with tin
uncertainties of the future.
A Word lo Our Planters.
Let us uot rake up the ashes of thc
t dead past. It is gone, with its basti
' tution of labor, its time-honored
usages, its prejudices and, Ave may
add, its follies, its short-sightedness
and it i lack of sound judgment in
many things pertaining to the ma?
nagement of that great interest which
supports all others-the agricultural.
We have to start anew, and we
might as well look the matter in the
face and promptly adapt ourselves to
the great change that has come over
our institutions. It is only over our
institutions, our habits and usages
that this change has come, and it is
worse than idle to mourn over the
past, and lament that the former
times were better than these. We
say it is only in certain social and in?
dustrious arrangements and organi?
zations that the change referred to
bas been effected. The conquering
annies of the Union, whatever else
they were able to do, could not affect
our soil or climate-they are still left
to us, and it only requires willing
hands and active industry to avail
ourselves of the benefits which both
properly tender to the husbandman.
The cry that is coming up from our
sister State of Alni tania, where it is
thought. 10,000 of nor people -will be
without the means of obtaining food,
but through charitable efforts, toge?
ther with the scarcity of provisions
in our own and other Southern States,
should deeply impress our planting
friends with the absolute necessity of
planting and raising sufficient provi?
sions-bread and meat-to render
them independent of foreign sources
of supply, and to enable them to fur?
nish their own people, neighbors and
friends, with the means of sustaining
life. In times of ordinary prosperity
even, it is clearly the duty of the
planter to be self-sustaining, while
making his future crop; buthow much
more imperative is that duty upon
him now, when the cry for bread is
coming from thousands of his fellow
The system of large cotton planta?
tions is necessarily abandoned, there
being no reliable labor to work them.
It is, therefore, tho duty of all en?
gaged in cultivating the soil to use
their diminished labor to the best
advantage. Corn and other grains,
and stock of all kinds, should be pro?
duced and raised the present year,
for, if this course be not pursued,
bad as the times are now, they will
be ten-fold worse twelve months
hence. The planters ought not to
abandon entirely the cultivation of
their former great staple; but every
consideration now pressing upon tho
community drives them to the conclu?
sion that they ought not to yield to
it that supremacy it has hitherto held
among their productions. If they
attempt to pursue, ai: far as they can.
their old system of raising cotton,
and out of its proceeds expect to buy
meat and bread, they will find, to
their sorrow and suffering, that, in
this respect, old things have passed
The season is here when arrange?
ments are to be made, and we hope
and trust that the course indicated
above will be followed. And where
land-owners, either from scarcity of
labor or other causes, cannot culti?
vate all their land, let them invite
any willing worker to occupy it, and
there will be bread enough and to
IMPORTANT, IF TBXTE.-A special
despatch to the Savannah Republi?
can, dated Washington, February 10,
"There is hardly a shadow of
doubt that the present State Govern?
ments in the South will be speedily
set aside. The only debatable ques?
tion now is whether those who volun?
tarily engaged in the war against the
Federal Government shall be de?
prived of the right of suffrage, as
well as thc right cf holding any
office, Federal or State.
"Gen. Banks, who is now consi?
dered a conservative, made a very
strong speech yesterday, in which he
stated that it was yet possible to har?
monize the legislative and executive
branches of the Government, and,
also, th ?ft none but loyal men. should
vote. Banks and liaymoud are sup?
posed to have an understanding with
President Johnson, and speak by
"From information receiv?d from
tho most reliable sources, it is evi?
dent that the Constitutional amend?
ment is now deemed far from suffi?
cient asaguarantee, anditis general!}
believed that a large army will soon
re-occupy the States. This may ap?
pear a very hard destiny, but cando)
compels us to say it is inevitable, and
the Southern people may as well be?
gin to realize the painful fact."
?Grand Army of the Republic."
It was intimated by telegraph, a
few days since, that the NeAv York
World had made some developments
relative to this new organization.
The following is from the World, of
Saturday, and shows that thc ma?
chinery of this conspiracy has been
Not long since, a new organization,
called "The Grand Army of the Re?
public," was formed i i . very city .uni
??tate in the Union. Jt is composed
exclusively of veterans who served in
the late war. The formation of this
army made almost as little noise in
the country as the fall of a snow?
flake. It was not designed that it
should take a promirent place before
the public till some great necessity
foritsserviee.sshouldari.se. In midi
tion to the main purpose of support?
ing the Government, its object was ol
a benevolent nature, and, by this
means, it presented special attractions
to the soldiers, till, in a short time,
its ranks embraced over 500,000 men.
On Thursday, for the first time,
thc State of New York was divider]
into military districts by the Adju?
tant-General of the organization, as
will appear from the following "gene
ral orders,'' published in tho Tr ?bum
of thc following day:
HEADQUARTERS DEIT. NEW YORK,
GRAND ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC,
A. G's OFFICE, NOW York, Feb. (5.
General Orders, No. 5:
1. The following named comrade
are hereby detailed and announce!
as members of the "provisional stal
of this department, on duty at i hes
headquarters: Major George T. Ste
vens, Aid-de-Camp and Assistant In
spector-General ; Brevet-Lie utenan
Francis AV. Parsons, Aid-de-Canvp
They will be respected accordingly
and are hereby authorized to estai
lish and organize posts in localitie
not under the jurisdiction of Distric
Commanders, announced in order
from these headquarters.
2. The following named comrade
are hereby detailed and announce
as temporary commanders of thei
respective districts, which are desif.
nated as follows: District of Manual
tan, comprising the city and Count
of New York, with headquarters s
tho Bible House, Brevet Brig. Gel
Bush C. Hawkins; District of One
da, comprising thc County of th
same name, with headquarters i
Utica, Maj. David F. Ritchie. The
will at ouce assume command, un
will be obeyed and respected accorc
3. To prevent informality in th
muster-in of recruits in this depar
ment, it is hereby announced, for tl:
information of this command, th:
recruits will be mustered only i
regularly constituted posts, and li
District Commanders in the estai
lishmeut of posts, except by tl:
Grand Commander, an officer of h
stall*, or by special authority froi
these headquarters. The attentio
of officers is particularly called 1
articles 5. 0, ll and 15 of the rub
and regulations of the Grand Arn:
of the Republic, and the strict ei
forcement of its provisions especial!
enjoined. Staff officers will be et
rolled as members of posts, and r<
ported hy the posts to which tin
belong as upon detached service.
By order of the Grand Comma:
Official: F. J. RRAMHALD,
D. VAN SCHAICK, Aid-de-Camp.
In order to ascertain from au of
cial source the avowed objects ai
character of the organization, one
the reporters called las*' evening
the office of the commander of tl
forced of the district of Manhr
tan, in the Bible House, and findii
the apr.rtment closed, proceeded
his house in Fifth Avenue, when tl
following dialogue ensued, which tl
reader will find bears out the asst
tious which form the preface of th
Reporter, (handing the Colonel
copy of the above "general orders
-There is a report to the effect th
the grand army of the republic,
which reference is made in the
orders, has been raised for radie
purposes, and that it is designed
be used against the President and 1
adherents, should any trouble rest
from his proposed impeachment.
Commander-If Congress shot
impeach the President, I have
doubt as to which side the gra
army of the republic will take.
Reporter-Will you please tell
what are its objects, and when it \
Commander-It had its orij
some time since, in portions of 1
West where thero is no militia,
objects are of a benevolent charaet
it aims to assist all its members v
may be in need.
Reporter-How many men
there enrolled in the organization
soldiers honorably discharged are
missible. Wo have Democrats i
Republicans in our ranks; but all
leading of??oers are radicals, so ;
can imagine how the army would
wielded in case of any national
Reporter-Then the army may
said to have a radical character in
Commander-Yes; it is andern
cal officers, and if there should
any necessity for its services, I li
no doubt they would be rendered
tho purpose of supporting Congr
if it impeached thc President.
Reporter-Have arms or unifo
been furnished to the men?
Reporter-Do they meet regularly?
Commander-Yes, but their meet?
ings are secret; they meet in lodges,
and only members are admitted; we
are particular about our members;
all who apply for admission are
obliged to furnish papers showing
their connection with the army, and
au honorable discharge.
Such was the interview our report?
er had with one of the military lead?
ers of the organization, whose replies
show that this new army may be
used ab any time at the beek of Con?
gress, to sustain its policy by force,
and to silence all opposition to the
impeachment of the President.
When the fact is realized that it is
unnecessary to create "military de?
partments" for a "benevolent" or?
ganization, the object of the army,
in the present crisis of the country, i
will be found apparent. j
Tile Kew TM:'? cf Reconstruction.
The National Intelligencer says:
"We have full authority for stating
that the plan of reconstruction which
was published in the Richmond /.,'/.
rjnirer and copied into the Intelligen?
cer is an exact copy of the manuscript
now at Raleigh. Thus it was pub
lishe t on Wednesday in tho Sentinel,
tho able organ of tho State adminis?
tration in North Carolina."
In a loading article upon this same
subject, the Intelligencer says:
"The plan which has now gone to
tho country originated with the most
judicious men of thc Carolinas, has
been considered by men of theSonth
having tim confidence of that sec?
tion, by distinguished statesmen and
military chiefs here, aud has been
endorsed largely in circles ot' conser?
vative Republicans of tin' North, lt
has hoon submitted to legislators at
Richmond, and luis boen received in
good spirit, though not with unquali?
fied approval. The Legislature of
North Carolina will probably have
the honor of first, acting upon a mea?
sure that, like the Mecklenburg De?
claration of Independence, may be
the initiation of what shall lead to
groat and glorious results. Much
will depend, however, upon the
spirit in which it will be received at
the North. If patriotism shall dic?
tate that party shall stand still,
while a measure for a re-union of
'States and lands, and hearts and
hands,' shall be tho dominant ques?
tion for consideration until settled in
the interest of all the people of the
country, then our dark day and
perilous period is past. It is in the
spirit with which the new plan is re?
ceived, not its details-not in tho
prospect of its adoption as a whole
that we have hope. If it is generally
received in a good spirit, and with
kind feelings, all the rest will follow
as the light the day."
The New York HerabVs Washing?
ton correspondent, writing on Thurs?
From a quarter not to bc doubted,
I have information that the reported
propositions about to emanate from
the Southern States in reference to
reconstruction are well founded. It
is now well known in political circles
that such propositions are under con?
sideration, and that the Southern Le?
gislatures now in session are acting
in concert upon the matter. The re?
port that they will first be submitted
in form by the Legislature of North
Carolina is doubtless unfounded.
They will come in a general proposal
from the whole South, and wi!: be of
such a nature as may be acc eptable
to the Republican party and the lead?
ers in Congress. The greatest inte?
rest is evinced in the matter, and tho
anxiety exhibited by prominent
Southern politicians shows conclu?
sively that such a measure has been
agreed upon. The Virginia Legisla?
ture now have the subject under con?
sideration privately, and, in a few
days, if intelligence reaches them from
the South, it will be publicly dis?
MASSACHUSETTS.-The New York
Herald, of Saturday, has the follow?
It is understood that the Commit?
tee of the Massachusetts Legislature
has declared against the constitution?
al amendment. This is quite cha?
racteristic. That State and South
Carolina always go arm-in-arm to?
gether against everything constitu?
tional and in opposition to order.
However, tba amendment will be
passed without Massachusetts, and
will become part of the supreme law
of thc land. She will then have the
satisfaction, at least, of knowing that
she is consistent in being on the
wrong side whenever the Union and
prosperity of the country is con?
FoiiFiuN* OFINIOX.-The Courier
des Etals Unis, the French paper in
New Yo'-k, after giving ;i summary
of Mr. b.evens' military biil, delivers
the subjoined judgment of it. The
opinion of an enlightened foreigner
I partakes somewhat of impartiality,
! and sounds like thc voice of posterity:
"Such is tho absurd legislation
j prepared by tho chiefs of the radical
party. It is useless to dis. iss it; it
is enough to make public such im?
practicable measures, which breathe
only tho accents of wrath, of ven?
geance and passion, and which, it is
hoped, will be speedily repudiated
by the general reprobation."
Aas meet when a great calf
.u ox-tail soup.-Prentice.
The Debate on Steven?' Bill.
Tho telegraph hud induced us to
believe that Banks, Raymond und
other radicals had, on Friday last,
opposed governing tho Southern
States by military rule. The full re?
ports of tho debate show that no
such opposition was made. The
speeeh of Raymond is pronounced a1
miserable failure. Ile said: ?
"He knew of no obstacle to the
establishment of civil authority in
the Southern States on such a basis
as Congress deemed wise and just.
That, civil authority would bo enti?
tled, in eas<> of resistance to it, to thc
aid of the army to execute its de?
This would be no better than una?
dulterated military rule. Again:
"He should prefer that Congress
would appoint civil commissioners
for each State-naming them in the
bill, if it was not willing to trust
their selection to the President-and
let those commissioners organize ?1
Government of some sort, and let
the military support their (heroes."
Surely Stevens is as good a friend
to civil liberty as Raymond.
Mr. Banks explained away his ap?
parent willingness to do justice to
Mn. BANKS.-In the remarks which
1 maile. Mr. Speaker, I had no allu?
sion to my negotiations with the
President. The gentleman from
Pennsylvania [Mr. Stevens] knows
more of his opinions (han J do, and
will yield to Ins policy much sooner
than I shall. [Expressions of en?
couragement to Mr. Bank-;, and of
satisfaction witii the last remark.] 1
spoke in good faith to the House,
asking for time to debato this ques?
tion. My reason for it is based on
thc simple idea, which everj member
can understand, that the measures
which we propose, and one of which
is now belong the House, depend for
their efficacy <>n being enacted by
two-thirds of tho two Houses against
the Executive branch of the Govern?
ment. My belief is that we cannot
carry on the Government of the
United States in that way-that we
must have laws in which the Execu?
tive will co-operate, in order to make
those laws effective. If, after we, the
representatives of the people, have
agreed as to what laws are necessary
to scciu-e the peace of the country
and to maintain the existence of thc
Government, and after the people
have snstaiued us in those laws, the
President refuses co-operation, it is
our duty to the country to drop the
question of reconstruction, and to
proceed to the consideration of the
position and purposes of the Presi?
dent himself. I repeat my expres
1 sion of belief that we can, before
this session closes, come to such con?
clusion as will compel the President
of the United States to sustain us in
our action, or as will justify us in
adopting another course, if he re?
fuses. I have no negotiations with
the President, nor do I know his
opinion; and in the vote which I
shall give on this question, neither
the gentleman from Pennsylvania
nor any other man bas a right to
assume that I accept the President's
policy in the slightest degree. I
hope for a chango of his position*
and I think it is not impossible, and
is worth trying for.
Since the above was selected, we
have received the New York Times,
of Saturday, which, speaking of the
"The fatal objection to the bill is.'
however, that, while professing to
establish military rule in the South?
ern States, it is intended to commit
Congress to Mr. Stevens' Territorial
theory, with ali its consequences. It
I is, avowedly, framed as for conquered
territory and a conquered people,
having no organized Government,
and no rights wdiich the conqueror is
bound to respect. The affirmation of
this theory is not essential to the jus?
tification or the efficacy of the mea?
sure. For all practical purposes, the
amended preamble proposed by Mr.
Bingham would be as potent as the
territorializing propositions with
which Mr. Stevens prefaces his mea?
sure. Theory is irrelevant in a case
of this nature, and in this case it ob?
structs the progress of otherwise use?
ful provisions, and raises discussion
on points which should be intro?
duced as substantive propositions,
not as mere side issues. The time to
consider what the Southern States
are, and what rights they are entitled
to, will properly come when we hear
from the Joint Committee on Recon?
struction concerning the Constitu?
tional amendment. That is not likely
to be much before the 4th of March.
And meanwhile, the task of organiz?
ing military authority to meet the
urgent wants of the suffering Union?
ists of the South, is retarded by the
members who are loudest in their de?
mands for Congressional interposi?
A "Washington letter ?- .vs: Mr.
Colfax, so far, has no opposition worth
mentioning for the Speakership of
the Fortieth Congress, and it is likely
that an organization of the I '. msc
will be effected immediately. Hon.
.lames Brooks, of New York, who
was ousted from his seat in the pre?
sent Congress, by 0,000 majority,
will probably again reeoivo the com?
pliment of a nomination from the
Democratic side of the House.
Mrs. Elizabeth Buford and Mr.
Samuel Chandler, old residents of
Sumter, died last week.
j LiOO?il Items.
i Ours READINO BOOM.-Our friends arc
. invited to visit tho J'livnir reading room,
where they will (iud on file papers and
I periodicals from every section of the Union.
? Thc building is open day and night.
FIVE CENTS.-Tho price of s;ngle copies
i of the /'lin HIT is fice mils, and purchasers
I are requested to pay no more for them a.-:
they are furnished to the news-hoys at a
rate sufficiently low to warrant their being
i sold at that nrice. .
[jti'novED \.oiucri.n HAL IMPLEMENTS.
. Attention is invited to the card of Mr. A.
It. Colton, in another column. He keopo
specimen- of and is agent for nearly all tho
improved implements of agriculture. Call
at his warehouse, m ar the Greenville De
I pot, and examine his stock.
An aged colored woman, named Pinche
Washington, nurse in thc family of Capt.
j Thompson, of this city, died very suddenly
Tnead y night. An inquest w as held by
Coroner Walker yesterday afternoon, and
a postmortem examination by Dr. Temple?
ton, when the jury returned a verdict that
the deceased came to lo r dent h from dis?
ease of the heart.
FnoniDA.-An intelligent freedman who
went io Florida several months ago, to
settle, has returned to Columbia, perfectly
satisfied with his experience, and deter?
mined to stick to South Carolina to the
last. Ile states that great imduccmcnts
are held out, but thc expectations of very
few of tlc immigrants ata.- realized. Num?
bers of others, he says, who went out. are
desirous of returning, bu; have not the
means of doing so.
lim r.e. c I. A niTi ES or Tin; MMES. -Wc have
complaints lVoiu Edgefield, and elsewhere,
j hat there is great irregularity in the re?
ception ot our paper and mails generally.
Il is a source of great annoyance to both
subscribers and publishers in this irregu?
larity, and we would respectfully call the .
attention ol' postmasters and others who'
have direction and control (d' the mails to
the fad, that they may remedy th') evil as
far as practicable.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. -Attention ia call?
ed to the following advertisements, which
are published this morning (<>t Coe first
Jones A Ray .Plantations to Kent.
Columbia Varieties -Friday Evening.
A. ll. Phillips.Wines, Liquors, Ac.
A. ii. Colton-Cotton Gins, Ac.
J. Sulzbacher -House to Rent.
F.dward Sill-Landreth's Garden Seeds.
Fisher A Lawrance-Cow Peas.
Extra Communication Richland hodge.
Tbos. H. Wade -Tax Notice.
Apply at this Office Farmer Wanted.
EFFECT OF CONGRESS ON THE BUSI?
NESS OF THE COUNTKT.-The Phila?
delphia American, a Republican jour?
nal, speaking of the prostration of
"If the session of Congress were
to end on the 4th of March, as usual,
we should have an end of political
excitement, and the uncertainty re?
specting tariffs, taxes and financial
measures would terminate. But the
meeting of the new Congress imme?
diately is very likely lo prevent trade
from getting a fresh start with the
opening of spring. We must can?
didly say, that while the nature of
the emergency may justify the mea?
sure at this time, we do not think it
will be found to work well as a gene?
ral rule. So long as any Congress
remains in session, no matter what
political party may control it,
schemes of all sorts will be hatched
in it, or thrown into the arena from
without, to create distraction in the
public mind and affect the current of
business. The legislation of the pre?
sent session thus far has been safe
and wise, and we do not fear that
any mischief is likely to result from
the remainder of the session, for in
thc main the majorities in both
Houses pursue a careful course. But
it is the uncertainty that is so ruin?
ous to business. We have yet no
indication as to what will be done in
the way of relieving the people of a
portion of those burdens of taxation
that are now so much more felt than
in the days of our prosperity. If the
manufacturing industry of the coun?
try could be relieved of the five per
cent, tax, thc beneficial effects would
be immediate and general, and the
revenue thus parted with would be
more than made up by the increased
revenue from other sources."
SUING NOTES CF HAND.-A writer
in the Albany (Ga.) Neics says:
Many sharp persons, in taking
notes for old debts, aro careful to
have them payable to bearer instead
of to order, and to make them over
$500. Why is this? A note for $500,
if payable to order, cannot be sued
in the Circuit Court of tho United
States, unless the payer of the note
was a non-resident or otherwise had
the right to sue in that Court. But
if the debt is over $500, and is pay
juhle to A. B., or bearer, and it is
I transferred to a non-resident ot this
* State, it can be sued in a Circuit
I Court of thc United States. The
I purpose is to thus got their debtors
before a jurisdiction where tim reine
, dy is more summary and tho stay law
j of our State, would not bo in the way
j of selling thc debtor's property.
At an election hold on tho 11th
; instant, in the town of Hamburg, S.
C., tho following intendant and
i Wardens were elected to serve thc
Cnsning year: Intendant-J.J. Ken
: nedv, Bsc. Wardens -Thomas Dun
i ao-ii?, (J. McDonald, George Damm.
1 Levy Hill, S. E. Bowers and E. li.