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Daily Paper $8 a Year
'Let our Just Censure
Attend the True Event.'
Tri-Weekly $5 a Year
BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
COLUMBIA, S. C., TUESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 2. 1866.
VOLUME II-NO. 16^
PUBLISHED DAILY AND TRI-WEEKLY.
rVERY WEDNESDAY MORNING.
BY JULIAN A. SELBY J
Office on Main street, a few doors above j
Taylor (or Camden) street.
TERMS -IN AU VANCE.
Daily Pape r, six months. $4 00
Tri-Weeklv, " .. . 2 50
Weekly, ' " " . 1 50
A DY ERTISE SI E N T S
Inserted at 75 cents per square for the first
insertion, and 50 cents for each subsequent.
Weekly 75 cents each insertion.
#B~ -.1 libera! discount made on. the above j
rates when advertisements are inserted by
the month, or year.
[Ne - York Correspondence.]
TIte Merchant Princes of ?Sew Yov?c.
NEW YORK, February 15, 1867.-It
is so much ;i matter of interest, and
of startling wonder to everybody,
to learn the history of thc great
firms of Nev.- York who start in j
business her;', with apparently a ;
small capital, and in a few short years ?
become merchant kings, at whose
will thc whole commercial world eau
be a made to tremble, that I have
thought it would be a matter of no
ordinary interest to make known
the rise and progress of the represen?
tative dry goods house of thc world,
H. B. Claflin & Co.
Upon entering thc portals of this
immense establishment, the visitor is
absolutely appalled at the extraordi?
nary scene before him. Here arc pre?
sented to the view huge piles of dry
goods, of every conceivable variety,
placed upon low tables, with hun?
dreds of merchants rushing from one
stack to the other, hastily glancing
at the pattern and quality, and then,
as it were, attacking another pile.
The salesmen appear to be ubiquitous,
and with the utmost politeness and
attention seem to spare no effort to
show their visitors every possible
variety of goods. The scene is one
of the most animated I ever looked
upon; and of course, were not the
most thorough aud complete system
adopted, no such immense business
could bo done.
This is on the ground floor, which
is tho principal one, and is where
the grand gathering of merchants
takes place the year round. Here it
is where merchant meets merchant
who have not met in years before;
here it is that the hum and buzz of
the hundreds of voices, and the
rustling noise of the waste paper
upon the iloor, gives the stranger
the idea of "chaos come again." .
This constantly moving mass of peo- j
pie, and the rapidity with which ;
these merchants select their goods,
and the accuracy with which the j
clerks take the number and style
this moment talking with one, the
next with another-gives one a grand
idea of American character in all its
various and peculiar business phase s,
showing that rapidity is our national
type, come from what part of the
country we may.
On this lloor domestic goods aro
principally located, and it may be
interesting to know that these goods
may be said to 'ne the barometer of
the dry goods world, for, as they rise
or decline, so does dry goods of every
description. The floor is devoted ex?
clusively to domestics, prints, dress
goods and silks.
In the first place, let mc give the
reader some idea ol the personnel ol
the gentlemen composing this re?
markable and successful firm.
The hoad and loading member is
H. B. Claflin, Sr. lie is a gentle?
man justin the bloom of commercial
life; no^ too young to be hasty in his
conclusions, nor too old to be effect?
ed in a shrewd perspicuity in all Iiis
business relations. He is about fifty
years of age. Mr. Claflin was born
in a small village near Worcester,
Mass., and as soon as he was old
enough to engage in business, em
backed in that of dry goods, which
has been his hobby through life.
He kept a small retail store at lirst,
butljy his indomitable perseverance,
forethought, and genial manner of
doing business, soon secured hosts of
friends, and very rapidly became the
leading spirit of Worcester.
Mr. Claflin is of light complexion,
about live feet eight inches in height,
and is of a nervous, quick tempera?
ment, deciding almost instantly upon
nil matters of importance, and is
very seldom caught astray in his
judgment. He is extremely affable
in manner, and is approachable to
the humblest employee, or person on
the street. From his boyhood up,
there has been a vein of ingenious?
ness, and, at times, rollicking humor,
evinced in his character, with not
one censurable act to darken it.
Mr. Chaffin is a man of very quiet, |
iinostentatious manners, treating
rich and poor with the same urbanity I
and kind consideration, and is ai?ec- i
tionately regarded by nil of his em- !
ployees. Philanthropy and gene?
rosity aro marked features in his j
character. Ho supported thc war for i
thc Union with ?di Iiis influence and i
by heavy contributions, and is now j
contributing largely toward the suf- \
fering South. His private donations !
-ure very large, amounting to tens of
thousands of dollars every year. ;
There is also in Mr. Claflin a vein of [
electricity in his business manners, !
which seems to inspire and electrify
everybody with whom he comes in
The next member is II. 1?. Claflin,
Jr. This young gentleman is twenty
four years of age, and has charge of :
the whole foreign department, and is j
tho resident European partner, re- \
siding in Manchester, England. All ;
the various branches of this vast !
house throughout Europe, arc under
his personal direction, and from thc ?
extraordinary capacity he has thus 1
far shown in one so young, there is j
no question thai, ii' his health is
spared, he will ono day make a
worthy successor of his patron sire.
Mr. E. E. Eames is the next part?
ner, who also comes from Massachu- j
setts. This gentleman has the prin- j
cipal supervision of the vast purchas- '
ing department, in which, during
thc last year, the expenditures I
amounted to the snug sum of nearly
seventy millions, judging from the
amount of sales. As may be readily
imagined, his duties are multifarious,
but as be is a gentleman of the closest
application to business, everything
in his hands goes along like clock?
work. Mr. Eames is -Jo years of age
and resides in Brooklyn.
The fourth member of the firm
who go to make tip this quartette of
representative business mon of this
great city, Mr. E. W. Bancroft, who
is the superintendent of the Bureau
of Credits, and the general oflice bu?
siness. This gentleman's position
calls into action the most thorough
and complete executive talent. The
rapidity with which he grasps and
disposes of the endless variety of
matters which are laid before him, is
absolutely astonishing. Posesssiug
an active and far-seeing mind, au
intuitive knowledge of human na?
ture, and perceptive organs of rare
quality, he disposes of his enormous
duties with au ease and elegance
seldom if ever seen. He is exceed?
ingly popular with the mercantile
world, and being affable and efficient
in his relations with the army of
clerks and others who are thrown in
business contact with him, it shows
that in all the branches of this great
firm, the right mau is in the right
If, in the administration of our
Government, one-half the ability
which is evinced by Clallin & Co.
could be brought to bear in the va?
rious departments at Washington, we
aro satisfied that the American people
would be greatly benefitted. Every?
thing is so nicely arranged, and so
evenly balanced, that not a jar or
conflict of the very numerous depart?
ments ever occurs.
There are about TOO men employed,
embracing salesmen, book-keepers,
shippers, receivers, porters, dray?
men, etc. Each department is sys?
tematized, and every precaution taken
against peculations or frauds. Each
department is under the control of
one particular person, who is held
responsible for himself and the sub?
ordinates who assist him. lt is ne?
cessary that the gentlemen occupying
these positions should be thorough
experts ?ts ? to the quality of goods
j under their control-to have a tho?
rough knowledge of the markets, anti
to be generally as well posted in thc
business as any of our leading mer?
chants. To this class are the princely
salaries paid, which I will mention.
For instance, the country boy, wh<
comes to New York to seek his for
tune, gets $200 for tho first year, and
! if found efficient, is advanced fron
I time to time. From this, salaries <^
! up to tho enormous sums of #30,001
j and $40,000 per annum,
j From six to ten men are sent t<
I Europe every season, on special mis
i sions, as special purchasers; whil
! agents of the house can be found ii
j every fabric manufacturing distrie
, in tho world.
The dry goods market of th
1 Quited States is represented on th
principal floor of this establish men
d lily. Here congregate from earl,
morn till dusky eve merchants fror
e . ry city in tho Union and Canad::
in fact, their sales extend to almos
every part of the habitable globe
In the busy season it is not uucon:
mon for ut least ten thousand buyei
to have been in this house, priciu
and examining goods, in a single daj
A privato telegraph office is locate
in tbe building, where buyers ca
telegraph to their houses and gc
advices in a few moments-whiJ
they arc looking over thc enormous
piles of patterns.
Even Manchester and other parts
of Europe are in daily communica?
tion, with this house, so that the
least fluctuation in the market
throughout the world is instantly
known to Claflin & Co., while half
hourly bulletins o? the ^t.-ito o? the
gold market is posted [for the bene?
fit of their customers.
A room in tho third floor of about 100
feet square, in a new extension which
bas hoon recently erected, is devot;;!
asa regular Dry Goods Exchange,
with handsomely fitted-up desks for.
resident partners of dry goods linns
in other cities. Here is represent?
ed Cincinnati, Louisville, ?Eft. Louis,
Millwaukee, and in fact, most of the
Western and Southern cities. This
mom is considered a great advantage
to those having its privileges.
There is a post olliee, where regu?
lar boxes and pigeon-holes aro kept
for customers and those employed
in the house. Something like 2,000
letters daily pass through this office
-mon; than is handled by many
post-masters in some of our small
cities. A legal bureau adjoins this,
where a first-class lawyer and his
clerks aro constantly busy settling
up the business of delinquent cre?
ditors. Tiioso gentlemen aro all
under the pay of the house.
There are seven steam elevators
constantly in motion, taking up or
bringing down both passengers and
goods. There is a carpenter's shop,
cooper's shop, packing room, five
steam engines in basement, a ship?
ping office, and all the other con?
comitants for doing an enormous
business in the shortest possible
space of time. Ships and railroads
are constantly delivering and taking
away goods from this leviathan con?
cern-and not mi frequently the
value of the whole stock on hand is
absolutely sold in ono or two weeks,
while frosh goods are being taken in
at the same time.
To conduct such a concern, of
course, requires the brains of no or?
dinary man, or set of men-but that
everything moves in the most har?
monious and systematic manner, I
am fully satisfied. The clerks being
well paid, are happy and contended
and are devoted to tho interest of
tho house. They appear to have
constantly on hand an immense bulk
of goods, but with their peculiar
facilities for handling heavy or light
packages, there if no confusion or
difficulty in its transmission to and fro.
Many millions of dollars are em?
ployed as capital, which, may readily
be imagined, gives tho firm a very
high social position as well as polit?
ical weight of the most extraordinary
character. Their influence at the Na?
tional Capital, or in this State, can
hardly be realized by the casual
observer of simply their establish?
ment alone. Although they have, as
yet, given politics a wide berth-con?
tenting themselves with the glory ot
managing not only the largest dry
goods house in this country, but in
the world. IMPROMPTU.
LOVERS of THE GOOD THINGS OF
THIS LIFE can have their wants sup?
plied at the above-named RESTAURANT.
Everything connected with the house is in
best order. MEALS served at short notice.
Fri vate dinner and supper rooms attached.
OYSTERS, FISH, GAME and MEATS
prepared in every stvle.
The best of WINES, LIQUORS, A LE,
choice SEGARS and TOBACCO on hand.
W?>. FREE LUNCH every dav at ll
o'clock. T. M. POLLOCK, Proprietor.
"?AR? RESTAI iSA.??i"
Next door West of Ute Post Office.
\T70ULD respectfully inform bis
W friends and the pu ld ie in general
thal lie has opened a RESTAURANT at
the above place, where the very be st of
everything m the way ol eating and drink?
ing can be obtained at short notice.
CREAM ALE on draught.
LUNCH every day from ll to 1 o'clock.
Fn sii OYSTERS constantly on hand.
MACKEREL, SCALED BEH?HH
1 AA BOXES SCALED HERRINGS.
LUV/ 10 half bbls. No. 1 MACK EKEL.
10 half bbls. No. 1 MACKEREL.
10 " " No. 3
20 boxes Lemon CRACKERS.
20 " Sugar "
20 .. Oyster
20 " Soda "
5 hhda. Clear BACON SIDES, at reduced
5 libels. Bacon Shoulders.
Just received and in Ptore, and for salo
at tho LOWEST MARKET PRICES by
A. L. SOLOMON,
Second door from the Shiver House,
Nov 22 On Plain street.
! SPECIAL NOTICES.
SWEET OroroxAxl Ladies, in their morn- '
i ing i-ulls<, carry joy and gladness, when
perfumed with Sweet Opoponax.
A NEW PERFUME! Called Sweet Opoponax j
i from ?Mexico, manufactured by E. T. Smith
I A Co., New York, is making a sensation j
; wherever it is known. Is very delicate, !
; ami its fragrance remains on thc handker
I chief for ia\ s_Philad'a Ko teing Bulletin.
THE FRANKLIN BRICK MA?
CH I XE, justly celebrated for perfect sim
J plicity, gn at strength and immensecom
I pressing power, is guaranteed, with eight
; men and two horses, to self-temper the
j clay and make 3.ooo to 3,500 elegant bricks
per hour. J. H. RENICK, Proprietor, No.
i 71 broadway, New York, Room 28.
Feb 1 3mo
j UK AO TUE CERTIFICATE OF
I REV. R. T. FI/UALIIY._To Dr. Kos
tetler-Davit SIR: This is tf> certify that I
was taken with thc dyspepsia a year ago
last March, and, for a period of tight
I months, was one ol' the most miserable
'i creatures you ever beheld, not being able
either to eat, drink or sleep, ami was com?
pelled to walk the door incessantly. I was
nearly deprived td'my reason, and hope
had entirely left nie, all tho efforts made
for my recovery having proved fruitless.
Dy the- first <d' November, 18C5, I had
j become so' weak and feeble that I could
i scarcely stand alone, ami, lo all appear?
ance, would soon die. At this time, (hav?
ing read your advertisement,) my wife
prevailed upon me to try your Bitters. A
bottle was procured, and, strange to say,
I soon commenced recovering. I have
taken four bottles, and am enjoying as
good health now as could be expected for
one of my agc, (about sixty years.) I
nave no doubt that it was your Bitters
alone, under Divine Providence, that
effected this wonderful cure.
R. T. FL?ALIN.
Hudson. Mich., August 30, I860.
Feb 13 ff,
Tike Gravest Maladies
OK YOUTH AND EARLY MANHOOD,
Howard Association Essays, on the phy
! siology of the pass, jris, and the errors,
j abuses and diseases peculiar to the first
age of man, with reports on new methods
of treatment employed in this institution.
? Sent in sealed letter envelopes, free of
charge. Address DR. J. SKILLIN
HOUGHTON, Howard Association, Phila
I dclphia, Pa. Jan 15 3mo
HUMAN EYES made to order and inserted
by Drs. F. BAUCH and P. GO?GELMANN,
(formerly employed by Boissonncau, Paris,)
j No. 309 Broadway, New York. Oct 17 ly
COLGATE'S HONEY SO.VI?.
This celebrated Toilet Soap, in such
universal demand, is made from the
clioicest materials, is mild and emol?
lient in its nature, fragrantly scented,
and extremelv beneficial in its action
upon the skin. For sale by all Druggists
and Fancy Goods Dealers. March 28 ly
I BATCHELOIt'S HAIR DYE_This
I splendid Hair Dye is tho bcrit in the world.
! Tin? only true .UKI peifecl Dye -harmless,
I reliable, instantaneous. No disappoint?
ment. No ridiculous tints. Natural black
or brown*. RcmA?ies the ill effects ol' bad
dyes. Invigorates the hair, leaving it soft
j and beautiful. The genuine is signed Wil?
liam A. Batchelor. All others are mere
imitations, and should be avoided. Sold
by all druggists and perfumers. F ictory
SI Barclay street, New York. ??" Hewart
of a counterfeit. Dec ll ly
An Ordinance to Raise Supplies foi
the Year 1867.
Be it ordained by Hie Mayor and Alder?
men of t!n' City of Columbia, in Counci
assembled, and by the authority ot the same
That a tax to cover the period from Jami
ary 1,1807, to January 1, 1868, for the smm
and in the manner hereinafter mentioned
shall be raised and paid into the public
treasury ol' the said city, for the ti e am
SEC. I. That is to nay, one dollar on even
hundred dollars of tho assessed value e.
real estate lying within the limits of sail
city; and the value ?d' all taxable real es
tate within the city cd' Columbia shall bi
assessed bv the City Assessor.
SEC. II. Andbe it further ordained, Tba
i each male person over the age of fiftcei
. years and limier the age of sixty year
shall pav a tax cf one dollar.
SEC. III. FiftV cents shall be levied upoi
! - very hundred" dollars of sales of goods
j warts and merchandize, embracing sale
of ali articles of trade lor barter or ex
change, which shall be made by residen
merchants, trader" and dealers, wil bin th
city of Columbia, from thc first day o
January, one thousand eight hundred am
SEC. IV. And whereas raanypersons se
I up temporary shops or stores for the sal
oi merchandize, after the time fixed fo
! assesMiig taxes, and close the same helor
the return of the tax thereon, so as t
j avoid the payment of taxes to the cit
i al. ogetii. '.; Beit! further ordained, That a
! such dealers shall, upon opening shop o
i store in the city ol' Columbia, pay to th
City Clerk the sum of twenty-five dollars
; which shall bc allowed him in the nes
settlement for taxes, and thc overplus, :
any, bc returned to him; and such tran
sient dealer shall pay one dollar on ever
one hundred dollars of sales of gootb
vares and merchandize. On 'aib.ro to paj
after being notified, the Mayor shall fortli
with issue an execution against tho di
faulters, and collect tho money in tho usu?
SEC. V. There shall bc levied ono pc
cent, upon sales at auction of all goods
tho property of persons who aro resident
of tho city of Columbia. One and a hal
per cent, upon salea at auction of all good
property <>f non-rcsid'uits. One-half per
cent, upon sales at auction of real estate
and stocks (d'every description: Provided, '
nt cerUieless, That no tax shall bo levied
upon any sales at auction made by order
of court or proce ss of law.
SEC. VI. That all merc hants and oth< rs
sellin-; am goods, wares and merchandize
on consignment shall pay a tax of one per i
cent, on all such goods, wares and mer- I
chandizo sold by them; and tin' persons
mentioned in this amt in the three preced- I
iug sections of this Ordinance, shall be. re- j
quired to make quarterly returns of their
sales, and to pay the tuxes assessed there?
by to the City Clerk at the Cnd of each ami |
SEC. Vii. Awl be ii furtlier ordained, by\
the authority aforesaid, That a tax of one!
pei nt. shall bo paid oh tho premiums
received by each and e cry insurance com?
pany, or agent or agency thereof, doing
business in this city and chartered by the
State of South Carolina; the agents of all
companies not chartered by the State shall
pay one and a half per cent, on all premi?
ums received by them. And it. shall lie the
duty of every insurance company, or thc
officers or the agents thereof, to make
quarterly returns, under oath, to the City
Clerk, of tho amount of premiums for thc
i quarter preceding, under a penalty of two
dollars for each and every day that such
company or agent or agency may neglect
or refuse to make returns and pay the said
tax-to bo collected by execution, as in
other cases provided for thc collection of
?Ines and forfeitures.
SEC. VIII. Andbe it further ordained, hy
the authority aforesaid, That two dollars
?shall bo paid on each and every horse,
mare, stallion, gelding and mule/kept or
used within the city ot' Columbia, besides
tic tax on vehicles, as fellows: Ten dol
i lars shall he paid on each and every four
wheeled pleasure carriage or barouche,
drawn by two or more horses; five dollars
on each and everyone horse carriage, bug?
gy, barouche, gig or sulky, not used for
hire; ten dollars on every vehicle used for
the breaking or exhibiting of horses and
mules; fifteen dollars on each hack or car?
riage, drawn, by two horses, and run for
the conveyance of passengers for hire;
eight dollars on each and every ono horse
buggy, gig or sulky, kept or used for hire;
ten dollars em each anel every four lmrso
wagon; eight dollars on each two horse
wagon; six dollars on each one korse
wagon, cart or elray; twenty dollars on
eacli express wagon; fifteen dollars on
each and every omnibus or stage; and all
persons commencing to uso or run any
carriage or either vehicle1, after the time fe?*r
the payment of taxes, shall pay from the
time they commenced to use or run such
carriage e?r vehicle.', to the end of the year,
in proportion to the rato of taxes ncr an?
num: Provided, That no person shall bc
allowed te) use any ennnibus, wagon, elray,
cart en- other vehicle, for the transporta?
tion of baggage or passengers from ono
part of thc city to aneither, until the owner
thereof shall have given bond to the city,
to be taken by the City Clerk, with two or
more gooel sureties, in the sum of five hun
elred elollars, cunelitioneel that such owner
will pay all damages that may result from
the loss or injury to baggage or passen?
gers, while being carried on the omnibus,
wagon, dray, cart or other carriage of such
owner, or after being entrusteel to thc cus?
tody of the driver thereof, or any of his
assistants. Anel any person offending
herein shall be liable to a linc of live dol?
lar.? per elay for each day such wagon, e'art,
dray or other carriage feir carrying bag?
gage or passengers, may be: run before
such bone! is given: .4ndprovided, further,
That nothing herein contained shall extend
te) any e>f the above enunieratcel vehicles
not used, although kept within thc limits
eif the' city: And provided, also, That no?
thing here in contained shall be construed
te> e'xttiul lei wagons, carts, drays or car?
riages, going to or from market, anel
owned by non-residents of saiel city.
Amlhr it further ordained, That a tax of
two dollars shall be paid on each and every
horse, mare, stallion, ge'leling anel mule,
sold in this city by e>r em account of any
horse trader eu- livery stable keeper; and
the keeper ed e very live ry stable shall
make quarterly returns, em oath, <>l such
sales at bis stable, and pay thc tax thereon,
lintier a penalty of two elollars per elay for
failure te> make such returns and payments
at the end of the quarter.
SEC. IX. Audit? il further ordained, That
no person slialt let or hire any wagon, cari
or dray, or other carriage, or run any om?
nibus, stage, hack or other carriage, for
the transportation of goods or passengers,
within the- limits of said city, without hav?
ing first obtained a badge from the City
Clerk, to be placed on some- conspicuous
part of the- vehicle; also, a badge with a
number by which he may be ielentifiod anel
know::, to be worn on a conspicuous part
of his perron by the driver of such omni?
bus, wagon, cart, dray or e>:he-r carriage,
under a penalty of live-elollars for each and
every day that such vehicle shall bu se>
run, to be recovered by information before
the Mayor, or any one of the- Alelerinen of
Si.e-. X. Whe reas all male persons be
i tween the ages ed' siy.te-cn anet titty ye ars,
' residing within the limits of the city of
; Columbia, are required by the laws of this
State to work upon the- .-tree-ts of thc said
' city for full twelve1 elays in caedi anel every
I year: He I! therefore ordained, That each
? and every person liable: to work ein the
.streets of tia- saiel city of Columbia may?
land - hail be excused hom the- perform
lane of saiel duty, upon the payment of
j live dollars to ? he" City Clerk; and eaeh am!
every person so liable, who shall Tail t<>
I pay the- saiel sum of live- dollars within the
? timo* hereinafter specified, shall, when
. summoned to elo so, be required to work
upon the stre e ts of the saiel e-ity for full
, twelve- days, umle r the- direction of the'
acting overseer ed streets; and if any such
I person or persons shall neglect en-refuse:
j to work upon the1 . rt id streets at the- time
when snmmoncel, such person eir pe rsons
shall be lined twe> elollars for each anel
every dav that he or they shall neglect or
I refuse so" to work, to bo recovered by in
I formation before' the- Mayor and Aldermen
! in Council assembled. And it shall bo the
duty of the: City Clerk, ami of tho Chief of
Police, to report to the said Mayor and
Aldermen a'l defaulters under either of the
clauses of this section.
Si:e:. XI. That feir a license to retail spi?
rituous liejinrs, in quantities less than a
quart, tho sum of ono hundred and fifty
dollars per annum shall be paid in ael
vance; anel ;'or a licenso to sell spiritu
I ons liquors in quantities of a quart or
I more, tho sum of soventy-fivo dollars
per annum shall bo paid in advance:
Provided, That no t?cense to sell spi?
rituous liquors shall be granted for .a
shorter period than six mout'>?: And pro.
tided, further, That, the granting or with?
holding of licenses, ni each particular case,
will bo at thc discretion of thc Citv Coun?
cil. An.! thc City Clerk shall bo entitled
ti? receive, fur issuing each and every
li..ctisc, the sum of two dollars: to be paid
by the person or persons licensed.
SEC. XII. One per cent, on thc incomes
of brokers, and one per cent, ou all in?
comes derived from commission business,
ortho practice of professions, within tho
limits ot" the city, including Cir professions
ol' law. physic, dentistry and architecture.
SEC. XIII. TWO dollars upon each and
every dog shall be paid by thc person or
persons on whose premises the dog is kept.
And the police of the city ot Columbia are
hereby authorized and required to take up
and hold twenty-four hours before dispos?
ing of him each and every dog found run
ning at larg?; within the limits of said cor?
poration, and not having on a badge or
collar, furnished bv authority (d' said citv.
SEC. XIV. A nd be il further ordained, by
the authority aforesaid, That no equestrian
or theatrical performance, or o'her < xhibi
tion tor gain, shall bc held in the city ot'
Columbia, without a license I rom thc ?Mayor
there'd' first had and obtained, y nd tho
payment, in advance, to the City Clerk of
twenty-live dollars for each and every ex?
hibition, and such sum as the Mayor may
assess for theatricals or other exhibitions
foi- gain: and each and every person exhi?
biting for gain, without Hi st having ob?
tained said been-. - and thc payment of said
tax in advanei . shall lie line.! in a sum not
less than ?loable thc amount of said tax,
in maumu- hereinbefore provided for tho
imposition of tines and forfeitures.
SEC. XV. Ami be it further ordained,
That an annual tax of fifty dollars shall bo
paid upon each cud . very" bagatelle, poole
or keele, or hilliard table, and upon every
bowling saloon, nine orten pin alby, or
pistol gallery, kept within thc limits of the
said city; ami the sum of one hundred dol?
lars shall bu paid, in advance, for a license
to keep or have a cock-pit within tho limits
of tho said city, and no license for such
cock-pit shall be granted for any time with?
in the fiscal year for a less sum than one
hundred dollars: Provided, That no per?
son or persons shall open any one of thc
places of amusement mentioned in this
section, until beor they shall have obtained
a license for that purpose from tin- City
Council, and shall have entered into bond,
with two or more good securities, to the
Mayor and Aldermen, :-i tho sum of five
hundred dollars, conditioned to <d>serve
the laws of the .State and city, and par?
ticularly the laws against retailing. Any
person opening any such establishment
within this ci' without first having ob?
tained the license and given bond as afore?
said, shall bc subject to a line md exceed?
ing fifty dollars for each day such estab?
lishment shall be kept open or used; also,
that sueh place shall be considered, and is
hereby declared to be. a nuisance, and ha?
blo to b?: abated as such.
SEC. XVI. And he it further ordained.
That each and every occnpanl of any real
estate, upon whose premises water is
brought by pipes or otherwise from thc city
reservoir, shall pay to the City Clerk, at
tba same time with the other taxes imposed
by this Ordinance, such sum as may be as?
sessed by the Committee on the Water
SEC. XVII. And he it further ordained,
That inasmuch as many transient dealers
in goods, wares and merchandize, either
as principals or agents, including spiritu?
ous liquors, make sales by thc exhibition
of samples, thai such dealers shall make a
deposit of fifty dollars with the City Clerk,
and before they leave the edy th.-y shall
make a return of sales, under oath, upon
which return two and a half per cent, shall
be levied and paid to the City Clerk, who
shall account at the time of such payment
for the deposit made with him.
Sr.?-. XVIII. And he it further ordained,
That each and every express company,
transacting business within the limits of
this city, tjhull make quarterly returns of
their gross receipts and pay one per cent,
on the amount of such return at the end
?d' each quarter; and th t each and every
telegraph company shall, in like mai.ner,
make quarterly returns ul their gross re?
ceipts, on which return sh-.-ll bo paid a tax
of one-half per cent.
SEC. XIX. And it is further ordained,
That each and every hotel, priv.it. board?
ing house. ?>r house of entertainment, re?
ceiving transient travelers, and each pub?
lic eating house, or saloon, shall pa; a tax
of one-half per cent, upon tin.ir gross
receipts, to bc paid quarterly. That each
barbershop shall paya tax of three dol?
lars for each quarter in advance.
SEC. XX. And be it further ordained,
Thai each and every Cotton press, and cot?
ton gin, within the corp..rao- limits ?1 this
citv, shall be required to pr. eure ot the
Citv Cleik a license for thc same, and shall *
pay one hundred dollars per annum on
each gin or press, to be paid quart? rly.
SEC. XXL And be it further ordained.
That if any person or persons shall fail,
neglect or r? fuse t.. make a return t.. the
City Cb rk, on oath, of all his, her or their
taxable property, income, sales, or otb? r
things taxed by this Ordinance, ?.n or be?
fore the 1st day of March next, such per?
son or persons shall be tli<-ii assessed by
the Assessor Tor all his, 1e r or their pro?
perty, or other things taxed 1". tbis-Ordi
nance. according t?> the best information
which he can obtain of tho va.ne of .-ueii
taxable property; and such person or per?
sons who shall fail, neglect or refuse to
make a return, as aforesaid, or pay Hm tax
tb.-re.'ii, on or before the IV.h of March
next, shall be subject to Stud pay, ill addi?
tion to said tax. five per cent, on the whole
amount of his, her or their tax, a? imposed
by this Ordinance. And Hie said (derk is
hereby required to collect and receive the
taxi s and dues levied and impost d by this
Ordinance, and all arrears of former taxes
and dues, and make a return thereof, and
of all persons who shall then be in default,
t?> the Mayor and Aldermen, on the 15th '
dav of March m xt.
SEO. XXII. And hr il further ordained,
That the said Mayor and Aldermen shall
issue their execution against each and
every person who shall be reported by the
said Clerk to have failed, neglected or re?
fused to make returns or pay the taxes
imposed by this Ordinance, within the time
herein prescribed, which said execution
shall bo lodged with the Sheriff of Rich?
land District, to be collected according to
the provisions of the Acts of the General
Assembly of this State in such case tnado
Done and ratified in Council assembled,
under tho corporate seal of tho city i f
Columbia, tbiseighin ?lay of February,
Anno Domini one thousand eight hun?
dred and sixty-seven.
THEODORE STARK, Mayor.
J. S. MCMAHON, City Clerk.