Daily Paper $8 a Year
'Let our Just Censure
Attend the True Event.'
Tri-Weekly $5 a Year
BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
COLUMBIA, S. C., TUESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 2. 1866.
VOLUME II-NO. 16^
PUBLISHED DAILY AND TKI-WEI ' T.Y.
A. A. A.wv v_y A_;^A XA n.^v^/y\
: 'EllY WEDNESDAY MORNING.
BY JUL'AN A. SELBY,
Ofrico on Main street, a few doors above
Taylor (or Camden i street.
TERMS-IN A JJ VANCE.
Daily Taner, six months.?4 00
Tri-Weckly, " " . 2 50
Weekly, " " . 1 50
Inserte ! ?.t 75 cents per square for tho first
.insertion, and 50 cents for each subsequent.
Weekly 75 cents each insertion.
83" A liberal discount made on the above
rates when advertisements are inserted by
the mouth or year.
The President Unchanged.
Col. Halpine, the editor of the
Now York Citizen, writes a long ac?
count of an interview he had with
President Johnson, Wednesday, 20th
ultimo. We extract what he reports
the President said of his own course:
"As for myself, my convictions in
politics are things that I cannot
change to suit the expediencies of
this or any other moment. They have
grown with my growth, they have
strengthened with my strength, and
they aro to me only less sacred, and
as much to be preserved, as my reli?
gious faith. Attempts are made to
make it appear that my words, at dif?
ferent times, have been' inconsistent;
but were not the circumstances in?
consistent, under which the appa?
rently contradictory words were
spoken or opinions given. During
the high storm of rebellion, or in the
first heat of its subsidence, words
were proper to be said which would
be utterly improper in time of peace.
We put a broken limb in splints, to
hold it quiet, whether the patient
will or no; but to insist on holding
the splints there when the limb is
restored, or when a further examina?
tion shall have proved that the
'wounds, though deep, were only
flesh-wounds, leaving the bones unin?
jured-this would not be wise sur?
gery, but cruelty; not statesmanship,
but barbarous usurpation.
"I am accused of usurping power, i
when ruy whole life has been one
continual battle against the tendency
of bureaucracy or aristocracy-the
concentration of power in the bauds
of the few. I was accused of usurp?
ing power for my veto of the first
Freedmen's Bureau bill, although
that veto was a voluntary putting
away from me of a patronage and
power more unlimited than was ever
previously offered to any President!
I ratfor holding all possible power
in hands of the people perma?
nently; I am in favor of always find?
ing the minimum of power necessary
to be delegated to any officials, or
to the General Government, and
only allowing that minimum to be
"But look, even at this bill of Se?
nator Sherman's, and see what it does,
or proposes doing? It is only less
objectionable than the House bill, in
that it does not openly supersede the
President, representing the civil pow?
er, in favor of the General command?
ing the armies of the United States.
But it violates the constitutional pro?
vision guaranteeing a republican form
of government, and- substitutes a
military despotism over the lately
revolted States. It disfranchises
nearly all the intelligent whites, and
gives universal suffrage to the igno?
ran!, blacks, time over-riding the pro?
vision that each State shall determine
who shall be entitled to its suffrage.
It also null'.ries the constitutional
amendments, by practically declaring
the existing Governments of the
Southern States illegal, so that their
adoption of the amendments must be
"Everywhere there is a tendency
to substitute the 'Government' as the
source of power, instead of the 'peo?
ple;' and it is against this tendency I
am at issue. The Sherman bill de?
nies the writ of habeas corpus, when?
ever such shall be the pleasure of an
arbitrary military commander, in
whose power to rule over them the
people of the subjugated district
shall have no voice. It also strikes
down the right of early trial by a
civil court, and by a jury of the
peers of the accuscu. In fact, it fun?
damentally uproots all those popular
and constitutional guarantees oi free?
dom which were extorted from King
John by the Barons of England in
the signature of Magna Charla-that
basis of our common law.
"It is for the principles of our
common laW and common justice,
and for the rights of the whole peo?
ple aa against what is called the
'Government,' that 1 am to-day con?
tending. It is for this 1 am called a
'usurper,' while the fact is, it is be?
cause I will not usurp power, nor
have excessive power thrust upon |
me, if I can help it, that this uar has ?
been made against me. I challenge j
the production ol' a si igle act iu my i
whole administration which has aimed
to increase ray authority ns President. I
Even in constructing provisional go?
vernments for the ?Southern States
also denounced as one of my 'fla?
grant usurpations'-the objoct evi?
dently was to divest the National
Government of its centralizing power,
aud restore that power, as nearly and
promptly as circumstances would per?
mit, to the people of the various ex
re bei States.
"The South is to-day in our hands,
a beaten, helpless, well-nigh hopeless
country, and the power we wield
should be held as a sacred trust. We
should not uso it vindictively. I will
not argue, because we profess to be
Christians, and these men are our
brothers; but, if on no Vigher
ground, then upon the ground of self
interest. All the legislation proposed
for the South proposes to multiply
offices at the expense of the General
Government, while not adding the
productions of Southern industry to
the general stock for the redemption
of our national debt and the support
of our annual burdens. My object is
to reduce the assumed and really
usurpational powers forced on the
General Government during the war
-powers that were then essential to
meet a desperate emergency, but.
which cannot much longer bc con?
tinued without vitiating the whole
fabric and theory ol' our representa?
tive and popular sj stom.
"What Congress, in its wisdom,
may see flt to do, I cannot say; but
my own course is clear. I shall exer?
cise every function ot' my office in
defence of the people and their rights,
according to the best judgment that
Heaven has endowed me with. 1
shall exercise all laws scrupulously,
and perhaps most scrupulously those
whicli have been passed against my
judgmeut and over my veto, lint foi
all such legislation, Congress must
bear the undi', ded responsibility:
and the day cannot be far distant iu
which thc terrible logic of events
will force the people to ask them
selves seriously, and not in passion.
'On which side lay the tendency ti
THE SOUTH SHOULD ACT U>"I>FJ
THE SHEKMAN BILL-IF NOT, CONFIS
CATION wxxiii FOLLOW.-The New Vori
Times, edited hy a radical member o
Congress, has the following menacinj
"It is very well understood th a
bills are iu course of preparation io
early introduction into the next Con
gress, providing for a sweeping eon
fiscation of rebel property in th
Southern States, and for its distribu
tion among the enfAnohised slaye:
for paying claims of loyal men fe
property destroyed during the wai
und for giving farms to Northern sol
diers who will settle in the Soutl
Mr. Stevens has declared his purpost
'God willing and he living,' to pres
such a measure as this upon Coi
gress, and Gen. Banksk in debate, d<
dared himself in favor of such distr
bution of Southern farms arnon
Northern soldiers as the only effeetu
mode of reconstructing Southern s<
ciety. It may safely be assumed tin
the whole body of radicals in Coi
gress will go for such a measure; au
it is confidently expected that the r
jeetion by the South of the new tern
now proposed will create a fresh fet?
ing of resentment which will give
popularity and strength throughoi
the North. The measure itself h
elements of attraction for mai
classes, and is expected to secure tl
support of the soldiers in a body.
"It may be supposed that the S
preme Court will present a final ba
rier against the ultimate success
such a project. But it must, be r
membered that four members of th
court out of nine would now, beyoi
all doubt, endorse such a measm
and that of theare who would oppo
it, one, if not two, will probably nev
again sit on the bench, in cons
quence or extreme age and illness,
law was passed, moreover, at thu h
session, which declares that, in ca
of the death of a Supreme Cot
j migo, the vacancy shall not be lill
until the whole number of judg
shall haveTaeen reduced by death
otherwise to seven. The chances ai
therefore, that within the next yei
the Supreme Court of the Unit
States will be as thoroughly in t
hands of the radicals as Congress ii
The New York Herald is movi
into its new building. It is said tl
Bennett will signalize the event bj
house-warming, to which 20U perse
have been invited, including t
President of the United States. ?
body hos heard yet that tho Presid?
has accepted thc itivitation.
Tho radicals are preparing to r
a candidate for Governor in E
SWEET OPOPONAX! Ladies, in their morn?
ing calls, carry joy and gladness, when
perfumed with Sweet Opoponax.
A NEW PERFUME! Called Sweet Opoponax
from Mexico, manufactured by E. T. Smith
k Co., New York, is making a sensation
wherever it is known. Is very delicate,
and its fragrance remains on thc handker?
chief for days.-PhilaiVa Evening Bulletin, j
. SWEET OPOPONAX FROM MEXICO! New, !
very rare, rich and fashionable perfume. ;
The finest ever imported or manufactured :
in United Stati s. Try it ami lie convinced.
SWEET OPOPONAX! New Perfume from I
Mexico. Tho only fashionable Perfume '
and ladies' delight.
SWEET OPOPONAX! Tho only elegant- Per- j
fume. Is found on all toilets, and never I
stains the handkerchief.^
SWEET OPOPONAX! IS the sweetest Ex- |
tract ever made. Supersedes all others.
Try it once; will use no other.
THE FKAVKUV BRICK MA?
CHINE, justly celebrated for perfect sim?
plicity, great strength and immense com?
pressing power, is guaranteed, with eight
men and two horscp, to self-temper the
clay and make 3,000 to 3,500 elegant bricks
per hour. J. H. RENICK, Proprietor, No.
71 Broadway, Now York, Room 28.
Feb 1 3m o
FIFTEEN YEARS AGO AND NOW.
Fifteen years ago, HOSTETTER'S STO?
MACH BITTERS was struggling into no?
tice against thc prejudices which every?
thing new, however excellent, is doomed
To-day, it stands at thc head of all the
tonic, and alterative preparations in exist?
ence. Its celebrity has evoked many imi?
tations, but no rivals. Physicians pro?
nounce it tint only safe stimulant that has
ever been introduced into the sick cham- j
ber. In thc hospitals of thc army and ;
navy, the surgeons rind it the very best
tonic for convalescents, and report it as
invaluable for sustaining the- vigor of
troops on the mareil, as a remedy for
scurvy and al', scorbutic affections, and as j
tho only specific fer sea-sickness. Califor?
nia ami Australia have emphatically en?
dorsed it as thc Hitler's Medicine par ex- j
cellence, and in Spanish America and all ?
the tropical climates, it is considered the j
only reliable antidote to epidemic fi ver.
There is no mystery about the causes of
its success, lt is the only stomachic and
alterative in which arc combined the grand
requisites of a mild, pure and unvitiated
vegetable stimulant, with the finest selec?
tion of tonic, anti-bilio?s, anti-scorbutic,
aperient and depurativa herbs, plants,
roots and barks that have ever been inter?
mixed in a medicinal preparation.
It is also proper to state that the Ritters j
ari' sold exclusively in glass, and never,
under any circumstances, by the gallon or
the barrel. Impostors and imitators are
abroad, and the only safeguard the public
has against them is to soe that the Bitters
lucy buy bear the engraved label and note
of band of Messrs. Hostettcr *, Smith, and
the Government stamp over the cork of
tho bottle. Feb 27 td
The Gruvcst Maladies
OF YOUTH AM) EMILY. MANHOOD.
Howard Association Essays, on the phy?
siology of thc passions, and the errors,
abuses and (lisi ases peculiar to thc first
age of man, with reports on new methods
of treatment employed in this institution.
Sent in sealed letter envelopes, free of
charge. Address Pu. J. SKILLIN
HOUGHTON, Howard Association, Phila?
delphia, Pa. Jan 15 3mo
HUMAN EYES made to order and inserted
by Drs. F. BAUCH and P. GOUGELMANN,
(formerly employed by Boissonneau, Paris, )
No. 399 Broadway.^ew York._0?tl_7 ly
COLGATE'S HONEY SOAP.
This celebrated Toilet Soup, in such
universal demand, is made from the
choicest materials, is .mild and emol?
lient in its nature, frugiantly scented,
and e tremelv benencla.1 in its action
upon tl e skin. For sale by al) Druggists
and Far cy Goods Dealers. March 28 ly
HATCH ELOU'S HAIR DYE_This
splendid Hair Dye is the best in the world.
Tho only true and perfect Dye-harmless,
reliable, instantaneous. No disappoint?
ment. No ridiculous tints. Natural black
or brown. Remedies tht ill effects of bad
dyes. Invigorates the hair, leaving it soft
aud beautiful. The genuine is signed Wil?
liam A. Batchelor. .AU others are mere
imitations, and should be avoided. Sold
by all druggists and perfumers. Factory
81 Barclay street, New York. Bit' Beware
of a counterfeit. Dec ll ly
House Carpentering, Undertaking
OLD FURNITURE REPAIRED, VAR?
NISHED and made as good as new.
COFFINS, of all kinds, furnished at low?
est prices. a?~ Satisfaction guaranteed in
quality of work and prices.
J. W. CHICK, Camden street,
Next to Southern Express Office.
Feb 5 Imo*
Fire-Dogs, Shovels, Tongs, &c.
Al the Sign of the Golden Pad-I^ock.
ALARGE VARIETY of FIRE-DOGS,
SHOVELS, TONGS, POKERS, FIRE
SHOVELS, Ac, kc., in store and for sale
very low by JOHN C. DIAL.
OC\f\ DOZEN for sale low.
?\J\J E. k G. D. HOPE.
AMD STRAW GOODS.
IRMSTROMi.f iTOH & CO.,
IMPORTEES and jobbers of RIBBONS,
BONNET SILKS and SATINS, NETTS,
BLONDS, CRAPES. VELVETS, RUCHES,
FLOWERS, FEATHERS, STRAW BON?
NETS and LADIES' HATS, trimmed and
untrimmed; SHAKER HOODS, Ac,
237 and 239 Baltimore Street,
Offer tho largest Stock to bo found in
this country, and unequaled in CHOICE
VARIETY and CHEAPNESS.
j?- Orders solicited and prompt atten?
tion given. ??Feb 20 Imo*
Livery and Sale Stables,
Charleston, S. C. DIE-<y&3BJL>
>PS?|GEN & BAKER, Pro-^^^E.
M Ti pnrtfiru Saddle Horses, Car?
riages, Phastona and Buggies to hire, at all
hours. Mules and Horses for sale.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
WHITE & MIXER, Prop'rs.
And all the Landings on the St.
VIA SAVANNAH, GA.
THE NEW AND SPLENDID STEAMSHIP
(MOO TONS BURTHEN,)
CAPTAIN LOUIS M. COXKTTER,
ON and after the 2oth October, this fine
ship will sail from Southern Wharf
every FRIDAY NIGHT, at 10 o'clock, for
the above places.
All freight must be paid here by
For freight or passage, apply on board,
or at tho office of the Agency, 17 Vander
horst'a Wharf, Charleston, S.*C.
j Oct 2i J. D. AIKEN & CO., Agents.
WE PROBOSE to publish a WEEKLY
FABER, devoted to the diffusion of
the principles pf religion and the interests
of the Baptist denomination. We have
been moved to this undertaking by the
solicitations of brethren in various por?
tions of this State, as well as of other
States, among the readers of the late
Confederate lUiplist, and by our own con?
viction that a paper of a high character
would contribute largely to tho intellectual
improvement, tho religious progress and
the general welfare of the churches. The
field is large, affording ample room for all
sincere and zealous laborers.
The Baptist will be printed on a sheet
about twenty-two by thirty-two inches, and
will contain twenty-four broad columns,
mostly in Long Primer type, clear and
legible, so that it may be read with com?
fort, even by tho aged. Its entire mecha?
nical execution will be of the highest order.
Our columns will be enriched by corres?
pondence and contributions from the
other Southern States, and, occasionally,
from Europe and our missionary stations
abroad. The entertainment and instruc?
tion of the young-especially the child
ren-will not be forgotten; and our vene
blo friend, "Unelo Fabian," so well and
favorably known to the readers of tho*
Confederate Hajitist, will resume his labors
in their behalf. In short, wo possess all
the facilities requisite ;o produce a paper
of the first rank. As such, we offer it to
our brethren, and solicit their generous
The Baptist will be issued as soon as a
sufficient number pf subscribers have been
TKKXS-$3 a year, payable on the recep?
tion of the first number.
All communications will be addressed to
'The ll?j/tist, Columbia, S. C."
J. L. REYNOLDS,
A. K. DURHAM,
Jan 24 Editor? und Proprietors.
SALT AND BLUE STONE.
FOUR HUNDRED sacks LIVERPOOL
SALT, extra large, at $3.30.
1,000 lbs. BLUE STONE, 7 lbs. for tl.
The above will be sold at prices named,
or afr lower prices, if offered lower by any
house in Columbia. " We n~ill not lie under?
sold." J. <t T. B. \GNHW.
Paints, Oils, Window Glass.
Ill I KEE THOUSAND lbs. pure WHITE
LEAD, ground in oil.
1,000 lbs. St. Louis White Lead, ground
in oil, at 12A cents per pound.
200 gallons boiled and raw Linseed Oil.
Together witt* a complete assortment of
Tanners' and Machinery Oils, dry and
ground Paints, Furniture, Coach aud Japan
Varnishes, Window Glass, Putty, Paint
Brushes, Varnish, Dusting and Scrubbing
Brushes. For sale at low prices by
Cet :;i .T. A T. R. AGNEW.
Thos. P. Walker,
CORONER AND MAGISTRATE.
OFFICE in rear of the Court House, for
raerlv occupied by D. lt. DeSanssure,
EB?,. Feb 'JO
BARGAINS IKK lli?? RMS.
The following mentioned Goods can be bought at ENTICING PRICES,
until closed out:
ZEPHYR KNIT GOODS-of all descriptions,
MERINOS, DELAINES, and PARIS POPLINS,
KERSEYS, LINSEYS and CASSIM?RES,
CASHMERE and MERINO HOSIERY.
EXTR? B?&G?MS OfPE?ED W BI?NKETS ?
EXTRA BARGAINS OFFERED IN CARPETS AND RIGS !
Our stock of DOMESTIC and STAPLE GOODS, for
Jobbing, is as complete as usual. City and country mer?
chants are invited to inspect.
SHIVER & BECKHAM.
H. E. NICHOLS & CO.,
General Insurance Agents, Stock and Exchange Brokers,
COLUMBIA, SS- O.
REPRESENT, among others, the following well-known FIRST-CLASS COMPANIES:
QUEEN'S INSURANCE COMPANY of Liverpool and London-author?
ized canital ?2,000,000, or nearly.$10,000.000
UNDER WRITERS' AGENCY, New York-capital and assets over. 3,000,000
INTERNATIONAL, New York-capital and assets nearly. 2.000.000
SECURITY, New York- capital and assets. 1,500,000
HOME, New Haven-capital and assets. 1,500,000
MANHATTAN. New York -capital and assets.. 1.100,000
NORTH AMERICAN, New York-capital and assets. 700,000
HOME, Savannah. Ga.-capital and assets. 500,000
SOUTHERN INSURANCE AND TRUST, Savannah - capital and assets_ 500,000
Bisks taken on BUILDINGS, MERCHANDIZE, COTTON-in stun.- and on planta?
tions-Household Furniture, Rents, Leases, Mortgages and every description of pro?
perty liable to loss or damage by tire, on the LOWEST TERMS. "Policies issued pay?
able in gold or currency, and losses promptly paid.
.ETNA LIFE D?SU RANCE COMPANY, Hartford - capital and ass ;ts nearly $4,060,000.
This liberal and generous company presents great inducements to those who feel that
life is uncertain, and who desire to make a CERTAIN provision for those near ami dear,
who otherwise might suffer when they are gone.
SELL EXCHANGE ON NEW YORK, in sums to suit, at the usual rates.
Internal Revenue Stamps, of all denominations, for sale.
HW Office corner of Main and Plain streets, over Agnew's store. Sept t> (imo
The Adornment of the Head-The
GRAY HEADED people have their locks
restored by it to the dark, lustrons,
silken tresses of youth, and ? are happy.
Young people, with light, faded or red bair,
have these unfashionable colors changed
to a beautiful auburn, and rejoice. People
whose beads are covered with dandruff and
humors, use it, and have clean coats and
clear and healthy scalps. Bald-beaded
veterans have their remaining locks tight?
ened, and the bare spots covered with a
luxuriant growth of nair, and dance for
joy. Young gentlemen uso it because it is
richly perfumed. Young ladies use it be?
cause it keeps their hair in place. Every?
body must and will usc it. because it is thc
cleanest and best article in the market.
For sale br FISHER * HEINITSH,
Fab 3 Druggists.
Hoes, Chains, Axes, &c.
TWO HUNDRED doz. HOES, assorted
sizes and qualities.
300 pairs PLOW and WAGON TRACE
50 doz. best Warranted AXES.
1,000 Swedes PLOW MOULDS.
With a full assortment of Plow Steel,
Plantation Iron, Wagon and Plow Har.res,
Spades, Shovels. Ac. For salt- at lowest
market prices for cash bv
Jan 25_J. A T. R. AGNEW.
Ghin and Blasting Powder.
JUST received and for sale low, a com?
plete assortment of Gun, Ride and
Blasting POWDER, in whole, half and
quarter kegs, and in canisters, at wholesale
and retail, at very low prices. Also, Safety
Fuse, for Blasting.
ta- Inquire for DUPONT'S POWDER -
His the best. J. A T. R. AGNEW.
Wi: now offer a full stock of best ENG?
LISH STEEL-FACED ANVILS,
Blacksmith bellows. Solid Box Vices, Steol
faced Hand and Sledge Hammers, Screw
Plates, Stocks and Dies. Files, Rasps, Ac,
at a very small advance on cost for cash,
and at lamer rales than they can ht brought
from any oilier market.
Jan 25 J. A T. R. AGNEW.
.A. aaa nirh "anitlon !
ANEW and complete assortment just j
An elegant assortment of FISHING !
TACKLE Rods, Reels, Robs, Hooks,
Lines, Ac. At LOW PRICES.
P. W. KRAFT,
Washington street, opposite old Jail.
N. B. -Manufacturing and repairing
substantially and neatly executed.
_ May 26 __ly
Barber's Patent Adjustable Brace.
TUST received, a completo assortment of
Barber's Patent Adjustable B I T
BRACES, which, for carpenters' and wheel?
wrights' usc, are the most convenient and
useful braces made, requiring no adjust?
ment or fitting of the bit to the brace, and
aro emphatically the ne plusiUtraoi braces.
For sale by the sola agents,
Dec 20 J. <t T. R. AGNEW.
LOVERS of THE GOOD THINGS OF
THIS LIFE '-an have their wants sup?
plied at the above-named RESTAURANT.
Everything connected with the house is in
best order. MEALS served at short notice.
Private dinner and supper rooms attached.
OYSTERS, FISH, GAME and MEATS
prepared in every Btvle.
The best of WINES. LIQUORS, ALE,
choice SKGARS ami TOBACCO on hand.
?*_ FREE LUNCH every day at ll
o'clock. T. M. BULLOCK, Proprietor.
"COXGAREE RESTAURANT !"
Nert door West of the Post Office.
WOULD respectfully inform his
friends and the public in general
that he has opened a RESTAURANT at
the above place, where- the very best of
everything tn the way of eating aiul drink?
ing can be obtained at short notice.
CREAM ALE on draught.
LUNCH every day from ll to 1 o'clock.
Fresh OYSTERS constantly on hand.
HAVING resumed the
J"above business, I am pre?
pared to execute all kinds
of work in the above line ai tl c shortest
notice and most reasonable prices.
A variety of COFFINS constantly on
hand. Funerals promptly attended.
AUK ;io M. ll. BERRY.
At Brennan A Carroll's Carriage Factory.
AT WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
BBLS. GIBSON'S X, XX. XXX, WHIS?
Rbis. 0. Bliss' Old Bourbon WHISKEY.
" Corn and Rye domestic
" Holland Anchor GIN.
'. American Hope "
" Pinet and Rochelle BRANDY.
" Jamaica and Santa Cruz Ruin.
" Swc.-t Malaga Wine.
" Cherry ancPlladeira Wine
" Catalonia Claret Wine.
" Stougbton Bitters.
Boxes Boker's and Krant'-r Bitters.
" Curacoa and Annisecd Cordial,
" Wolfe's Schiedam Schnapps.
With a general stock of GENUINE LI
QUOBS, worthy attention of purchasers, at
fair prices. Call and examino thc above
stock before purchasing elsewhere, as
great inducements will bc offered.
A. L. SOLOMON,
Second door from Shiver House,
Oct 18 On Plain street.
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