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Daily Paper $8 a Year
'Let our Just Censure
Attend the True Event.'
Tri-Weekly $5 a Year
BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
COLUMBIA, S. C., TUESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 2. 1866.
VOLUME II-NO. 16^
PUBLISHED DAILY AND TRI-WEEKLY.
THE GLEANER, i
EVERY WEDNESDAY MORNINO.
BY JULIAN A. SELBY, j
Office on Main street, a few doors above I
Taylor (or Camden) street.
TERMS-IN A D VA NC E.
Dailv Paper, six months..$4 00
fri-Wceklv, " " . 2 50
Weekly, " " " . 1 50
Inserted at 75 cents per square for the first
insertion. andSOcentsforeach subsequent.
Weekly 75 cents each insertion.
SOT A liberal discount made on the above
rates when advertisements are inserted by
the month or year.
France and thc United States.
LEGATION OF TUE UNITED STATES,
PAKIS, February 19, 1SG7.
Hon. Wm. If. Seward, Sec'u of State.
Sut: I enclose a translation of tho
report of the annual exposition of the
condition of tho French Empire,
presented by the Government to the
Senate and Corps L?gislatif, relating
to the United ?abites and Mexico.
The expression of good feeling in
respect to the former, and the uncon?
ditional abandonment of the latter,
aro the true index of the more gene?
ral feeling which exists hero on both
subjects. The paragraphs referred
to will he found on pages 302 and
303 of the "Expose," which I will
send you in tho despatch bag on Fri?
day. It is too bulky for the mail. I
am, very respcctfullv, your obedient
servant, JOHN A. DIX.
In the United States, tho work of
constitutional icconstruction conti?
nues. France sincerely applauds the
wonderful activity with which that
great nation is repairing the calami?
ties of civil war. In the condition of
the relations which exist between the
different countries of the globe, thc
sufferings which are produced at one
point are necessarily felt at all others.
\Ye have experieueed the shock of
events which have disturbed tho
Union, and we aro profiting by the
renewal of its industry and commer?
cial energies. No subject of dis?
agreement exists at this moment be?
tween the two countries. On the
contrary, everything is contributing
more and more to bring thom nearer
to each other in their policy. His
Majesty has received, on a recent
occasion, the assurance of sentiments
of f?jtdship which were expressed
to him in the name of the United
States, and which correspond per?
fectly with our own feelings. We
take pleasure in auguring favorably
ai to the future relations of the two
Governments in respect to thc differ?
ent questions on which their interests
may bc found to coincide.
We need not recur at this time to
the necessity which caused us to
undertake the expedition to Mexico.
We sought tin; redress of grievances
of every description and denials of
justice, from which our people had
suffered for rnan\r years, and ani?
mated by thc generous sentiment
which will always induce France to
render lier intervention useful wher?
ever she shall be led to carry her j
arms. We did not refuse to unite in
an attempt at regeneration by which
all interests would have profited.
But, in lending its co-operation to
this work, the Government of the
Emperor liad beforehand assigned a
limit to its sacrifices, and the Empe?
ror hud fixed thc end of the present
year as the extreme term of our mili?
tary occupation. The evacuation was
to have been made in throe detach?
ments-thc first leaving in tho mouth
of November, 1866; t iie second in
March, and tho third in November,
1867. These arrangements, conform?
able to our previo.is intentions, liad
been uncle in tho fullness of our
libort}' of action, and anything which
had partaken ol' the nature of exter?
nal pressure.could only have placed
ns in tho position, in spite of our?
selves, of prolonging a state ol'
things which we wished to abridge,
lieasous arising out of our military
situation determined tho Emperor to
modify the first arrangement by sub?
stituting for a partial evacuation, at
succeeding periods of time, tho
simultaneous transportation home of
our whole corps d'arm?e in the spring
of tin; present year. These measures
aro now in the course of execution,
and in tho course of March next our
troops will have loft Mexico.
Far from desiring to free itself
from engagements which it had con?
tracted on irs own account, and which
it bas publicly announced, thu Go?
vernment of the Emperor will thus
hasten their fulfillment.
It is reported that the "wator"
of an artesian well at Corpus Christi,
Texas, which the people of that place
have been using for various disorders,
turns out to-be pure kerosene oil.
Kceon Kt ruction or Confiscation?
Tho Southern people must now
choose between tho Sherman pinn of
reconstruction and the Stevens plan
of confiscation. That is the plain,
practical issue. There is no chance
for evasion-no alternative hut to
submit to one or tho other. Stevens
and his ultra satellii is arc anxious to
press a bill through Congress, pro?
viding for the confiscation of all pro?
perty held by ex-rebels, and they
will make tho attempt as soon as a
favorable opportunity is presented.
Confiscation is now the groat issue of
thc ultraists in Congress. Their
leader holds that thc property of thc
rebels should bo divided among the
freedmen, and his sentiments in tins
respect aro endorsed by a much
largor class of Congressmen than thc
Southern people imagine, lt was
this object that led Stevens an-i his
faction to oppose the Sherman bill.
They aro shrewd enough to soo that
radicalism is rapidly marching on,
from ono step to another, and that it
has but little further to go iu order
to roach the goal of confiscation. In
less than a year it has passed from
the simple requirements of the con?
stitutional amendment to negro suf?
frage, obliteration of State Govern?
ments and supremacy of martial law.
Thc same rate of progress would
bring it to the confiscation point
within another year, and hence thc
ultraists aro anxious to provont the
completion of reconstruction until
their final object shall bo obtained.
The consummation of a scheme to
take away thc property of thc ex
rebels naturally seems Uko a stop be?
yond even tho roach of radicalism,
but it is no more improbable now than
was the present policy of the radicals
one year ago. Any one who will
calmly reflect upon thc progress of
the party within thc past year, must
bc convinced that confiscation is not
unlikely. Tho ou]y thing requisite
to bring it about is a refusal of tho
South to accept the terms of re-or?
ganization that arc now offered. |
When thc Southern States refused to
ratify the constitutional amendment, I
the radicals declared that their re- ,
fusal was the result of hatred toward
the Government, and that it clearly
showed the existence ot latent rebel?
lion. Upon that hypothesis, they
proceeded to impose harsher condi?
tions, in order to quench the smoul?
dering fire of rebellion, and the ac?
tion of the last Congress is tho con?
sequence. If tho Southern people i
now refuse to accept tho now proposi- j
tion, their conduct will again bc I
pointed to by Stevens and his party
to provo that thc fire of rebellion has I
not yet been drowned out. Confisca- j
tion will then be held up as the only
reliable extinguisher, and it will bc
agitated and pressed until it goos
through Congress and becomes a law?
Wo have no doubt that this is tho
programme of Stevens and his fac?
tion, and hence wo hope the South?
ern people will seo tho propriety of
avoiding that danger and getting out
of tho clutch of the ultraists, by re?
organizing their Governments, and
securing representation in Congress
with the least possible delay.
(sl'tC S Uti.
ABE THE JUDGMENTS OF THECOUETS ?
RENDERED DUKING THE LATE CON- I
FEDERAC? VALID?-Tho Supreme ?
Court of Louisiana, having rendered I
x decision on Clio -1th inst., declaring]
tho acts of tho Legislature of 1861,
organized under the act of secession !
if the Stute, illegal and void, it was ?
presumed upon the same ground,
that the proceedings of the courts of
tho State, during the same period,
were also null and void.
To test the question, Hon. Alfred
[Tennen yesterday, made a motion be?
fore the Supreme Court, to reinstate a
-.ase upon the docket which had j
ilready boon decided by the Supreme ;
Doivrt of 1S61. The court took thc ?
motion undo!- advisement.
If such a decision wer<; tobo main- j
rained, it would not only unsettle tho :
jurisprudence of our State, bat there
won ld be ao title to millions and '
millions ol* property which luis been ;
passed upon by the courts.
Wo are enabled to state, however,
?xtra-judicially, that our people may ?
not have apprehensions on this sub- j
?oct, that the question has .already
been decided by the present Snpreme ;
Court, in tho case of Cannon vs.
White, at the November term of 186-3, j
in which the court Iben hold that
the ordinal)co of secession being an
ibsolute nullity, produced no legal
affect, and consequently the Supreme
Court was not affected or changed by
it* passage.-Neic Orleans Picayune.
-^ ? ? -
MEMTHIS.-General Howard has
arderedBeaumont, chief of tho Mem
ph. police, to be prosecuted for
arresting negroes and employing them
to planters for stipulated sums. He
ports say he arrested many negroes
md released them from jail without
bria!, by employing them to planters
for sums of money from ?10 to $15.
j SPECIAL NOTICES.
SWEET OPOPONAX! Ladies, iii their morn
! ing call?, carry joy and gladness, when
perfumed with Sweet Opoponax.
I A NEW PERFUME! Called Sweet Opoponax
I fruin Mexico, manufactured by E.T. Smith
Jc Co., New York, is making a Sensation !
? wherever ii is known. Is very delicate, 1
and its fragrance remains on thc handker
j chief for days.-Philad}a Evening Bulletin.
SWEET OPOPONAX FROM MEXICO! New,
I very rare, rich and fashionable perfume,
i Thc finest over imported or manufactured
I in United States. Try it and be convinced.
I SWEET OPOPONAX! New Perfumo from
I Mexico. Tho only fashionable Perfume
j and ladies' delight".
i SWEET OPOPONAX! The only elegant Per
! fume. Is found on all toilets, and never
stains tho handkerchief.
SWEET OPOPONAX! IS tho sweetest Ex
I tract over made. Supersedes all others.
I Try it once; will uso no other.
j SPREAD THETKlTH-Somemedi
I cal men insist that it is undignified to ad
I vertise a remedy, however valuable it may
; bc. Queer reasoning this. It is like say
i ing that an article which tho world needs
should be hid in a corner-that benefits
and blessings may he too widely diffused
that thc means of protecting ami restoring
health should be a close monopoly, and
not accessible to all. Tho argument is
j bad. It is worse than that- it is inhuman.
Suppose HOSTETTER'S STOMACH BIT?
TERS -an absolute specific for dyspepsia,
biliousness anet nervous debility had
never been known beyond the repertoire of
t in- faculty, what would have been thc con?
sequence? Instead of curing and invigo?
rating millions, the good effects of thc
preparation would have been confined to a
comparativo few. There is tho highest
authority for saying that light should not
be hid under a bushel; that whatever is
excellent should be placed as a city on a
[Bill, where all men can take cognizance of
it. It is upon this principle that thc BIT?
TERS have been advertised in every news?
paper of any prominenc- in tho Western
j Hemisphere, and that 'ho spontaneous
' testimonials in its favor have been trans?
lated into all written languages. Thou
I sands enjoy perfect health to-day who
would be languishing on beds of sickness
if the newspapers had not spread the truth
with regard to this unequaled invigorant
and corrective farand wide. Suppose pro
tit has been reaped from this publicity. Ii
that any argument against itv If the pub?
lic health has been protected-if lives .' ave
bein saved-if the feeble have been
strengthened and the sick restored great
good oas been accomplished; ami who si
mean as to grudge to exertions tims direct?
ed their fair reward? March 1:; ft;
THF. FUiWKLI.V BRICK MA?
CHINE, justly celebrated for perfect sim?
plicity, great strength and immense com?
pressing power, is guaranteed, with cighl
men and two horses, to self-temper tin
clay and make 3,000 to 3,500 elegant bricks
per hour. J. H. RENICK, Proprietor, No
71 Broadwav, New York, Boom 2S.
Fob 1 " 3mo _
H UMAN EYES made to order ami inserto
by Di s. F. BAUCH and P. GOUGELMANN
(formerly employed by Boissonneau, Paris,
No. 399 Broadway, Now York. Oct 17 ly
COLGATE'S HONEY SOAP.
This celebrated Toilet Soap, in sue!
universal demand, is made from th
! cUoicest materials, is ml??l and eiaol
li e. nt jn its nature, fnigraiitly scented
and extremely ?>enei:<-lal in its actio]
upon the skin. For salo by ail Druggist
and Fancy Goods Dealers. March 28 ly
Tlie Gravest Maladies
OF ?OUTH AND EARLY MANHOOD.
Howard Association Essays, on the phy
siology ?? tho passions, and the errors
abuses and diseases peculiar to the ih r
age of man, with reports on new method
of treatment employed in this institutior
Sent in sealed letter envelopes, free r
charge. Address Da. J. SK?LLU
HOUGHTON, Howard Association, Philr
del ph i a, Pa. Jan If) 3mo
?ATCIIELOR-S II AIR DYE-'fbi
splendid Hair Dye is the best in the work
Tint only true and perfect I>je-harmless
reliable, instantaneous. No disappoin
nient. No ridiculous tints. Natural Wac
or brown. Remedies tho ill effects of ba
dyes. Invigorates the hair, leaving it so
anti beautiful. Thc genuine is signed Wi
limit. A. Batchelor. A!' others arc mci
imitations, and should be avoided. Sol
by ail druggists and perfumers. Factoi
81 Barclay street, New York. tfS~ Dewai
of a counterfeit. Dec ll ly
MM AND MOUSSES.
K II RDS. MUSCOVADO MOLASSES
O new croii.
15 bbls. Muscovado Molasses-new ero
30 " " Sugar.
lt? " Extra C "
? " Crushed '
3 " " Pulv.
100 sacks Liverpool Salt, seamless sack
100 lbs. English Blue Stone, at Ile.
2,000 lbs. " Copperas, at Gjc.
In store and for sale bv
A. Ii. SOLOMON,
Second door from Shiver House,
Oct 18 On Plain street.
HARVEY'S ITCH OINTMENT !
IT cures Itch in twenty-four hours,
cures all kinds of Itch Barber's Itc
Camp Itch, Tetter Itch, Pile Itch, Seal
head Itch. For sale by
FISHER & HEINTTSn, Pharmacists.
Charleston, S. C OIE-oSTPJt
GEN & BAKER, Pro-I^BSF
prictors. Saddle Horses, Car?
riages, Phtctons and Buggies t<i hire, at all
hours. Mules and Horses for sale.
C U A R L E S 7 O N, S. C. I
Feb 2i--WHITE .V MIXER. Proprietors.
For P ka.
And ail the Landings on the St.
VIA SAVANNAH, GA.
THE NEW AND SPLENDID STEAMSHIP
?5IOT ATO IEL ,
fl,OOO TONS BURTHEN,)
CAPTAIN LOUIS HE. COX KITE lt.
OX and after tho 20th October, this fine
ship will pail from Southern Wharf
every FRIDAY NICHT, at Ht o'clock, for
tlie above places.
63_AR freight must bo paid here by
For Freight or passage, apply on board,
or at the office <>f the Agency, 17 Vander
horst's Wharf, Charleston, S. C.
Oct 24 J. D. AIKEN & CO., Agents.
LOVERS of THE GOOD THINGS OF
THIS LIFE can have their wants sup?
plied at the above-named RESTAURANT.
Everything connected with the house is in
liest order. MEALS served at short notice.
Privai e dinner and supper rooms attached.
OYSTERS, FISH, GAME and MEATS
prepared in every st\le.
The best of WINES. LIQUORS, ALE,
choice SEO ARS and TOBACCO on hand.
e*>_ FREE LUNCH everv dav at ll
o'clock. T. M. POLLOCK, Proprietor.
TX 7* OU LD respectfully inform his
yf friends and the public in general
that he has opened a ItESTAURANT at
the above place, where the very best of
everything in the way of eating and drink?
ing can be obtained at short notice.
CREAM ALE on draught.
LUNCH every day from ll to 1 o'clock.
Fresh OYSTERS constantia on hand.
NAILS, POT WARE.
Tin'd and Jap'd HOLLOWWARE8
Carpenters' and Blackrm's TOOLS
AXES, S. W. Collins' v.vA o">_er
PAINTS. OILS and GLASS.
In ste re and for sale LOW by
FISHER & LOWRANCE.
HOES AND CHAINS.
.1/ the sion of the Golden Pad-Lock.
ONE HUNDRED doz. HOES, assorted
qualities and sizes.
500 pairs TRACE CHAINS, assorted '
I., store and forsalc CHEAP for CASH by
Jan 24 JOHN C. DIAL. '
Paints, Oils, Glass, Varnishes, &c.
SIX THOUSAND lbs. WHITE LEAD, in
A complete assortment of Colored Paints,
300 boxes Window Gi , assorte d sizes.
Linseed, Tanners1, Kerosene and Ma?
Furniture, Coach and Japan Varnishes.
A complete variety of Paint, Varnish,
Graining, White-wash, Dusting and Scrub?
bing Brushes. In stoic and for sab) at
lowest prices by JOHN C DIAL.
.A. Tm xxa.TJi.itxl'tloxx!
ANEW and complete assortment jimt
AU elegant assortment of FISHING
TACKLE-Rods, Lewis, Bobs, Hook?,
Lines, Ac. At LOW PRICKS.
P. W. KRAFT,
Washington stree*, opposite old Jail.
N. B. - Manufacturing and repairing
substantially and neatly executed.
May 26 ly
MIKE LIPM AN'S
Great Combination Show !
3F3&OM OEW OBLE-S?NTS,
Where it has been Re-organized and Refitted for its Second Annual Tour
Through the South, will Exhibit at
Col.-UL33r-i.T3i?,, !WC?-JC"ol3i. St"7\, 1867.
IN selecting and arranging their GREAT ATTRACTION for their COLOSSAL EX?
HIBITION, it has boen the aim of tho management t<> present, for tho patronage
of the publie, an entertainment that shall combine all tho elements of NOVELTY,
CURIOSITY ami E. 3ELLENCE; anti with a lavishing expenditure of timo and money,
they have organized and perfected the GREAT SEXTTBULE COMBINATION_com?
bining, under one immense Pavilion, for ONE PRICE OF ADMISSION.
WONDERFUL TIMI ISS il I? !
The Manager, in annoui
the commencement of the Secont
MIKE LIPM W'S (.RE IT CWlBlXiTiOX SHOW ! !
Is pleased to be enabled to presen! an array of arli.srio. names comprising the best in
the world. Better Ridera, greater Equestrians. b-.l'Vr Gymr-ast?, more daring Acro?
bats, finer Blooded Horses, smaller l'unies, funnier Mules, more original Clowns, than
any Company now traveling! Witness tho f .!! cvkm lis:. <-o uprising ?illy a portion of
the performers, forming the GREAT CONGRESS OF ARTISTS, connected with this
model exhibition of the nineteenth century.
Professor T Ix o m i? s o a ' s
Mr. EDWIN CROUESTE, the Ot iginal Convi rsationalist, late of Lent'.- Circus, will
appear at each entertainment.
Mr. WM. DONALDSON, Celebrated Delineator of Negro Eccentricities and Ethio?
The CELEBRATED ttl I ss FAMILY.
Mr. GEORGE BATCH?LLER, the Great Vaulter and Lt aper of the Age.
Mr. TOM WATSON, who Iuds fair to win the title of Champion Rider of thc World.
ROB'T HUNTING, the Double Somcrsaulter and 1 igbtning Leaper.
Mons. Wild.IS < DBL. and his Womb rfnl Trained Logs and Coats.
W. LARUE, the Wild Horseman of the Plains.
JOHN NAYLOR, the most affable of Ring-masters, and most'versatile abilities, that
must in time win fame and position.
WM. MOKOAN. Scenic Equestrian.
Prof. THOMPSON, Master of thc Stud and Trainer of Animals.
WM. SMITH, Master of thc stud.
Mr BURKE, Mr. POWERS. Mr. SOMERS.
Mad. DELOUIS, Mad. STANLEY, .Mrs. D. WILLIAMS, Mr. H. JENNINGS.
And a host of Acrobats, Tumblers. Gymnasts, Eqnini s and Auxiliaries.
Among the many features of this Colossal Exhibition, will bc the Grand Procession,
led by ECK HART'S WORLD-RENOWNED METROPOLITAN OPERA BAND, drawn
bv .i "splendid team of Andalusian Horses, in tho beautiful and elaborately decorated
Carot .Loins, which will bo followed by the procession of Acting Bears, Sacred Bulls,
Performing Dogs, Ac, fte.
tO" Admission 75 cents; Children under ton years of ago 50 cents. Separate seats
for Colored Persons, 50 cents.
?jg- Dcors open at 2 and 7 o'clock; performance commences an hour after.
WILL EXHIBIT AT
Orangeburg, Tuesday, March 26. Newberry, Thursday, March 28.
Winnsboro, Friday, March 29. Chester C. H., Saturday; March 30.
March 15 to