Newspaper Page Text
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'J.j L iVX DJ ^1
Ta 53d iv Soniing, Zlarch. 19,I8G7. .
V?";?i> v. Viii Ta '>.:. liir
Tho military government estab?
lished in tho ton ?outhorn States, by j
which tunny of tho Leading repre- !
sen tat ive men of thc South uro dis- ?
franchised for thc time being, im?
poses an important duty and a heavy
responsibility upon the young men of
the South. ' Their fathers, by law,
are excluded from participating in I
thc affairs of Government, and to the \
young men ure thus transferred the '
responsibilities of taking care of the
public interests of their ?tutu and
It is, therefore, of thc utmost im- j
portance that they should prepare
themselves for thc important duties
which devolve upon them. To this
end, they should apply themselves to :
the study of the science of republi?
can government, us founded upon ?
the old ('.institution of thc United
States, andbecome thoroughly versed
in the principles of constitutional
liberty. Industry, combined with a
thorough training of the mind under j
our adverse circumstances-:i devo- j
lion to the ancient land-marks of
politics blitzed out by such Southern j
statesmen ns Calhoun, Hayuc and ;
McDufuc, and a careful perusal of ;
iho writings of such Northern states- j
men as Webster and Clay, will give I
them t he most.desirable und instruct- :
ive information upon all epiestions of j
public interest that should engage I
their attention us the futuro guard
ians of the liberties of ?heir country.
Politics, as a profession, is but of
little importance to the Southern
people at this time; but the lessons
and teachings of thc patriots and
sages who have so largely contributed
to our country's greatness should be .
conned and remembered by those !
who must now assume the duties and j
responsibilities of citizenship.
Apart from polities, however, the j
young men of the South have a heavy
responsibility. The system of labor
with which they have grown up has j
been '-.wept away, und many who
Looked forward and expected Lo oe- I
cupy positions in the learned profes?
sions, will lind themselves disap?
pointed, and will, ol' necessity, be
compelled tb forego their expectations !
and direct their energies to other
Although debarred, sit present, from
participating hi the affairs of the
N'diounl. Government, the land 'hoy i
them, is still loft to them. Ir is :
blighted and desolate, i! is true, but
stout hearts and strong arms can do j
much to ei?ev; an early recuperation \
and r. co very. Tho soil needs only ?
cultivation to yield h.-. rica rewards
for tho lab .!? expended upon it, and
there is every reason iiope and be?
lieve that, ii tho young inca lake tm
in earnest "the cause of the South''
in this respect, bal a few years wilj
elapse before she reaches, and proba?
bly go beyond, Ii? r former prosperity.
[II this connection, and npon this j
topie, a Louisiana eotemporary ad- I
to club their capital in partnerships !
from two to ;i half dozen, rout a I
plantation, a nd go to work themselves, i
i he proeeeus <n a copartnership of :i i
half dozen manly young mon's labor j
on :i plantation would Lo a larger di- 1
vidend than they can gei in almost ?
any other way. Besides, it would bi?
nn income from honest and honorable
labor-to many ol oar young men,
wo are constrained to say, a novel
consideration. Several young mea j
wlio were ii eretofore hangers-on about
town went ii. work lust season, and
we are told that they earned more j
than tiley ever did in a year before.
Our young men have Loth opportu?
nity and incentive, j.et them eon- j
?pnr their ?winruise h mle, and pull off
their coats, with the manly deter-1
in i nation to owe nothing to friends j
or chance, but all to their own manly
We arc convinced that if this ad?
vice were generally followed, inde?
pendence, in the truest sense of the
word, would be achieved for the
THE PEOH'IJE OP GEORGIA.-A co
temporary sheet commends the
people of Georgia to attend to their
own private affairs, and let polities
alone. The advice is .sensible, and
the people would no doubt heed it
and bo thankful-if tho newspapers
would just set them an example.
the picture it gives of Southeru suf?
fering uni! humiliation, terrible as it
is. is not overdrawn, lt seems in?
credible that men should exist wno I
are willing, for political purposes, to
add still further to wretchedness so
1 don't hear much about Mr. Pea- j
body's bequest; what i ?bi hear gene?
rally is praise and a certain measure
of gratitude. The truth is, that these
]>'?<>]>!<. aro so tortured with debt and
poverty that they hardly mind any?
thing which lias not n direct relatiou
to getting daily broad and necessary
raiment. I do hope b> God that we
Hover shall approach the horrible
?.rime and cruelty of confiscation, or
any similar measure o? moro ven?
geance. Looking this iesolated and
pauperized community <>f widows and
orphans in the face, I feel like im- :
precatiug cursos on the head of any !
man who strives to add to their j
misery. The amendment is right; it I
punishes the very men who ought to
l>" punished; it is simple and not un- j
merciful justice. I approve of Sher
man's military bill, because it en?
forces the amendment. But this'
whispering about confiscation seems
to me like the whispering of mur?
derers. Alargo portion of this peo?
ple is close on the verge of starvation; j
and if you take away the land, or if
you render their landed tenures so j
insecure as to interfere with the plant?
ing ?d' crops, there will be horrible
misery; the South will bc a Poland,
an Ireland, an India, a hell to itself
and a horrible disgrace to us.
There is a family within a mile of
this place living in a "brush house,"'
a shanty of fresh pine branches. It
consists of a mother, who had a son
killed, a daughter of twenty, who had
a husband killed, another daughter
of thirteen and a grand-child of three.
The eldest daughter told me that she
had been all oves the village to g<-t
work, and had failed. A few words
of pity brought tho tears rolling
down the oldest girl's sallow cheeks.
"< )h !" she said, "1 have been through
a power in the last two years." She
told me that she wasn't used to going !
barefoot in winter, aud it. ma.le her
sic!;, which t consider very probable, 1
as we. have had three inehes of snow. ;
Let us hope that there will be m>
confiscation to complote the rain and 1
misery of this misled and pitiable i
population. Let their old political I
mills clack; they will wear out and
stop some day.
The miliiou of dollar, proposed to
ba given by Congres:; is urged only
to relieve the temporary wants of the
people of the Soul'.:, (?eu. Conway,
of New York, who has hud an inter?
view with Gen. Howard on this sub?
?a w inert) poor are very great, anti
thai many in that section will starve
to death if left unaided during the
coming three months. He also ascer?
tained that Gov. Jenkins, of Geor?
gia, has telegraphed to the Govcrn
j mont that GO,UUU white persons and
? .'ii),ooo colored are in great need in
j that State alone. An officer of the
j Treasury Department, who haw ar
I rived from Alabama, says that he
1 witnessed the most painful .-.(.(..?es o?
: want and woe among thc poor whites
in that State, and among some of the
blacks also; that so:.ai persons whom
he saw were on the border of .starva?
tion, wearing clothing of the poorest
description, and timi some were al?
mos! naked. Som;; persons suggest
the wisdom of supplying, among
other tilings, imp] '.neats of hus?
bandry and garden seeds, so that
poor people can. in many instances.
prepare ile-m.selvcs for self-support
by cultivation of the land, as soon as
tlw ir present necessities ?ire relieved.
Ttn: Tiu-Ai, OF MK. DAVIS.-A
Washington 1.dior stales that Chief
Justice Chase was called on, a few
evenings sine -, by an old and inti?
mate friend residing in the South.
During tho course of conversation,
the subject turned upon Jefferson
Davis, and Mr. Chase took occasion
to say that in his opinion the longer
tlie trial of Mr. Davis was delayed,
the better it would be for the pris.ni?
er. He also remarked that legislation
has as yet done nothing to prepare
the way for bringing Davis into
. court, and that the military bill lately
passed contained the objections he
? had heretofore advanced against
holding a court for the arraignment
of the prisoner.
The Louisville Journal says Sena?
tor Guthrie is gradually improving.
C's. ! ! ">i": ? ?01:.
A-meeting of tho colored citizens
of Richland District was held at the
African M. E. Church, on Thursday
owning, the i t.i instant. On mo?
tion of \V. B. Nash. C. Carroll was*
called to the chair, who stated the
object of the meeting to bo to take
steps to celebrate the passage of tho
Act of Congress of March 2 1SC7,
giving us the right <>:' franchise.
Travor was offered by "William Wal
On motion of Wm. Simons, J. S.
Bampfield was requested to aet as
Ou motion of C. M. Wilder, Rev.
!>. Pickett addressed the meeting.
Oh motion of James Davis, a com?
mittee of seven was appointed to
prepare business for the meeting.
The committee consisted of J. Davis,
C. M. Wilder. H. Lteddiu, Wm. Si?
mons. H. Ciide nud A. Richardson.
! hiring thc absence of th' commit toe.
W. B. Nash addressed the mectincr.
The committee returned and reported
tho following resolution:
Rewired, That the citizens of the
District d<- have a demonstration in
honor of the Act of thc Thirty-ninth
right of suffrage.
N. E. Edwards oifered the ;' ?!low
Whereas, au All-wise Providence
lia"*, in his Divine wisdom, seeu ti! to
cause this great nation to release us
from the disadvantages and depri?
vations that we labored under ns a
people, and to acknowledge our
manhood, and return to those great
principles of the Declaration of Inde?
pendence which doo:.!ros all m sn to
Resolved, That we would hail with
grateful hearts the early restoration
of our beloved State to the [Inion
under tho ('.institution and amend?
Resolved, That wc will not support
any mau for office who will not
pledge himself to carry out the great
principles of tho Declaration of Inde?
pendence and th< constitutional
amendments, and of the Act of tin
.Jd of March, 18G7, known as thc
military bill -that is, the fifth am
sixth sections of that Act.
Resolved, Thai thc proceedings ol
this meeting be published in tin
.James Davis. C. M. Wilder. W. ?
Na^h. ??. Nowell, S. Bampfield
Committee of Arrangements.
C. J. CARROLL, Chairman.
J. S. BAMW "ELO, Secretary.
EXTRAORDINARY Corros EXPORTS
The shipments of cotton from Nov
York during the werie end: g Tues
! day, says the 77;???, were to tin
j enormous amount of over 22,00?
i bales, of the currency value of near!"
$3,250,000. The exports from No\
i York thus far in thc current cottoi
year reach nearly 210,000 bales, an.
from all the ports of the couutr
; they exceed 7.">I>.IM>) bales, or mor
than fifty per cent, of the .?..porto'
j receipts at the shipping ports in th
1 same period. Tho latest mail advice
make the available supply at all th
I ports about G25,.000 bales, which, 11
I the average value of cae]-, bale of th
i cotton exported from New Yor
I through tho past week, represent
j over $90,000,000 in lawful money.
? MORTGAGES-Tn:: BAXicitnrr LAV.
1 Does thc bankrupt ?aw s st asid
! deeds of trust or other liens upo
' property? Clearly not, where the?
j is no des:;;n to defraud other cred
j tors, nor to ovado the provisions <
I the law itself. Ou the contrary, tl:
j creditor holding a mortgage whic
I does not cover thc whole debt <b
him, may cone in pro raia with oth<
i creditors for the balance due hin
i The law makes provision for drl>
I for rent, as surety, and other lil
debts, even wi:.-re the debt has ni
j become due.
I Tn:: D'EMOI-RACX NORTH.-"Brit
, Pomeroy," who is now lecturing i
! Nashville, says bud "all hope for tl
: Sont h now lies in the Demo 'nev 1
the North."' It seems to us thal v
j have heard something very much lil
that several times before. Thou:.
I not naturally skeptical, we confess
I but little faith in thc saving prop?1
j ties of the Northern Democracy Tl
I will may bo good enough, but we a
apprehensive thc ability is luckin
j and if that is the only prop and sh
left, upon which to han, we guess
will '\sooii bo all day with tim South
--? ?? ? - -
!.. nder the Austrian rule newspape
I never nourished iu Venetia, but sin
the Austrians have withdrawn, neu
! papers have risen with so mu?
rapidity in that country that tl
Milan type foundries are una!ile
supply printing materials fastenong
Four papers aro noticed as h a vii
started in different parts of Venel
in a single day.
Gen. Schofield, in taking command
of thc first district, issn?, d a gt nora!1
order, from which wc extract the fol- 1
"H. Ali officers :::;;.. r tue ex: .ting,
provisional government of tin; State :
of Virginia will continue to perform |
thc duties of their respective offices
according to law. unless otherwise
hereafter oidered iu individual eases, j 1
until their successors ?shall be duly ; .
elected ami qualified in 'iccordauce ,
with the above named Act of Cou- j
..iii. It is desirable that th* i..".:
tarv power conferred by the before
mentioned Act be exercised only so ;
Tar as may Be necessary to accomplish ,
the objects for which that power was
conferred, and the undersigned ap?
peals to tin- peo; !.- of Virginia, and i
especially to magistrates and other
civil officers, to rentier the necessity
for the exercise! of this power a's .
to rito laws, and by impartial admi?
nistration of justice to ali ch'.ss, s."
they will contin e- to <lo so until
their successors are duly elected and
qualified under an amended Stab v
constitution. This clae.se mean- that (
the winde civil ami judicial machine- I
ry of the Stativs will bo undisturbed, r
and that it wiil depend upon thc
?-i-\ il and judicial officers, and upon
the people themselves, whether their c
status, under militarv run-, will be a
changed. If any persons consider *%
themselves to bc aggrieved in court, I
they will have the right to appeal toi '
the district commander: but, while li?
the laws arc administered with justice | f
to all conditions of men. the power!
behind the throne will, practically. M
be both, unfelt and unseen.
When we remember that it is the
avowed intention of the riding [?arty
in the North to keep the South fruin
representation in Congress until after j
tho next Presidential election: and.;
while wc can judge by (icu. Shotield's
dignified und temperate order what '
military rule is and what it will he, !
what reason is there for any Stat ! to
precipitate events ami hurry into a 1 ,
convention*which, unless the Wilson
bill he passed or the States them?
selves take action, ma; bo indefi?
nitely or altogether postponed.
The military Act confers upon the
commanders of districts a power that
is virtually unlimited a power that
may be exercised either for good url
for evil. The Act will be judged in
the South according to the manne- in j
which the commanders exert the au?
thority that is granted t? thcn, and
?ts faults or merits must be t??-ter
mined by its affects alone, lt', hov- '
ever, tin-district commanders ?iel asl
they may in reason and justice do, it ',
is far bet i cv for the Sou!': to remain
under military rule than to volun?
tarily aid in any call for any sj .-eic..
Of State conventh >n.
Gilder tho military law, -i'eeai have
protection for person ami protection
for property. There may bc as ?enea |
security under that law as there is at ?
tho present moment. What, then,
I has become of thc alarming pictures
which ?nive lately been held .?ut b\ j
Southerners for the considi radon of
the Southern people?
Thc appeal of ( ?-cneral Sc! o'-! . to
the people, and civil and judicial
officers ol' Virginia, will nol ho un-!
heeded or thought of light h ; and
from them he may with reason expect
a strict obedience f<> tlc- laws, ind an
impartial administration of justice toi
all chases. j
lt' the spirit of General Sch .li Id's
order is thai which is to govi r i tin
execution of the military Act ihn ugh
ont the entire South, tin- mi Ira ry I
power will only be i-X' rcised so far as j
may bc necessary to accomplish the
objects ol' thc military bill, / c. to
give adequate protection to person
and property; and there is good rea?
son to believe that it will noe 1 e CN .>.
cised to slander, to rob. to rain, or
Our people have enough to dis?
courage and daunt them, witho.il
running after trouble ny conj tvbig np
an imaginary evil; ami they will in ,v
do well to remember that the <>niv
district commander who I is y t
spoken, bas done so ?ii a inaii'ier tba'
will tend lo give us th- coi..age l<
await, in hop.- and in patience, th;
clld of 'dds all loo trouble. 1 time.
FK??TAN M Kims?: IN Xr.w Yomc. -A
grand mass meeting of tin- Fenians
was hchl on We?!iics.lay evening, in
Guion Square, New York. Upwards
of 10,000 persons were present, not?
withstanding the unpropitious state
of the weather; ?md the Speakers'
platforms, which were handsomely
illuminated, were surrounded by ?in
anxious ?ind earnest throng, intense
enthusiasm prevailed, and ".nd for
Ireland," it is stated, was ovid iii I\
the object and intention of thc vast
concourse. A large number of speak?
ers addressed tin- assemblage.
The famous Russian sheet iron has
been successfully made at Youngs?
r.'Ocnl J?or;.'! sa.
Ciliar GINS. O.Ir. A. !t. Colton
received :i !?)' nf gillis, suitable
. ducking and other purposes,
loso do-ith-?le.-i]ers !M- offers !*..r s:de
vi ry low prices. Examine th in.
r. Symne-rs has removed 1" thc
'aimer building," ;i short distance
ove his (?hi stand, and has opened
.au old haiid at the bellows/'
tisfnetion is guaranteed.
aide ?v Chapman have purchased
? stock of Looks, eic.. beiongingto
e late firm of Townsend A North,
ive made expensive additions and
iv establishment in the Slate. See
cir ad vi ri iseinent.
il th rou: rh the
a ie. to the vacant square on -'lain
n et. just beyond Niokerson "s Hotel, j
here addresses wore delivered by !
en. Wade ?lampton, the Hon. W. 1
. DeSaussure, Col. Wm. H. Talley,!
(on. E. J. Arthur and James G. j
lally invited by th:- committee to j
ddress the colored people.) amt Be- :
inly Nash ami thc Rev. I). Pickett, j
roednien.) We should like io give a
ill report of tlc- remarks of the dif
"?rent speakers, but as that is im- j
?raeticable, we shall content our
elves wit h an abstract. The pro-j
cedillas were opened with pravcr by !
.-> i - j
lev. Simon Miller (freedman. )
(ion. Hampton spoke of the vast
mportancc of the preseut move
aeut-not only t'> the colored, but to .
lr- white man. *?He advised the'
recdmen to give their friends at the!
south n fair trial, and if they were j
omul wanting, it was then time
nough to go abroad for sympathy. I
t was to their interest to build up
he South: for as the country* pros
?ered, so would they prosper. The
iresent state of a?a i rs was not j
irought about by t ?ic action of the i
southern pe??ph-white or black;
hcrefore, neither was responsible |
Hon. !.. J. Arthur said he was nu-I
.ole to deliver a lengthy address, tis j
ie was not prepared lor such an
indertaking. He was surprised at j
ii?ia' called on for a speech, and :
Otild only give a few words of conn
el. The oecsi iou of this celebration ,
one in which yon have had no
Heney, lt is not tin-ac of the white
nen of -.our country. J? has been |
inferred up ai you by the Aorthorn i
?ongress;ami he hoped that it would'
>r tin- means of enlightening and1
inproving (heir mental and moral j
audition. He, in conjunction with
he white citizens ol' the South. I
ronld endeavor t> assist them, by all
he means in their power, to -iceom- i
dish that end. Tl: y had the right)
d' franchise, ami he advised then; to j
sere i se it with good judgment. To
earn to fully appreciate these great ?
?rivilegos which are being conferred I
tpon them, they should educate:
hemselves and their children, ir ts I
in? duty and the interest ol' the white
nen to help the colored men in th ii
dueational and moral training. If j
ic were actuated by interest alone, '
ro should rather c ?utrihnto to than ?
ttempt to retard their advancement. :
'ney arc politically the equals of the :
.'.tites, and ?ducation will go far lo I
Halie them morally and mentally so. I
jet there be no war of races among!
is-lei us look to euell other's wei-!
ire. lt is true that many of the j
,-hites are deprived ot' the political
?gilts wi) ich the colored men willen- |
iy. bul that should ie>t. and will not, I
route envious and uti'..iud feeliugs.
ie concluded by advising them to
ega rd the white in? li who have been 1
aim and reared among them as
riemls; let in? harsh feelings exist
letween us; look to each other's wel
:rc and lumpiness; and last, though
ot least, li>..k to voa; educational
lid molal i ra pro vern en t.
Wm. H. Talley, EM- . said he fully
ppreciated tim confidence and re
peet manifested in ti;.- invitation to
.hires-, bis colored friends in relation
o the condition nf the country; and
*ould, uiider othei circumstances,
ave attempted n full di-etissioii ??!
subject. lilli the subject itself
/as one so vast in importance, and
he notice of stich a meeting so brief,
hat he did not purpose doing more
hau ta indicate his heart's coticur
. no.-in some o: the views already
?resented, intending thereby to add
is testimony of their Correctness.
[?. said that they bad heard that
ito interests of the white mao and
he tailored man of the South were
nc and the sante. They an parts ot
lie same society, inhabiting ?lie same
nd, under tim same sun, breathing
he same atmosphere; and if the les
ot) of history
ny thing, tin-;.
itch < ircuni da?
n]ir?>spor . >r
neut ar?> tin- l>ri
unto varud \ <?! soil, there must un
und ly, perhaps necessarily, arise
ueh e?>nliiet. I. gi datiou which may
lortion of sr.. '' country, may be
ttt.orly disastrous another. But
surrounded b eircu mst anees the sam?
"ti all essential parti?.*ulars, the white
nun and thc colored man ?>f thc Houtl:
lave the same interest, the same des?
iri v. il was i m noss; bio. at this
>f ailairs. The country e.m know no
prosperifv without ja ace. and that
nd " can' h.: ?ttaincd on iv by ?tis
a mlat ion
tilly whom yo i nave known- those
who hace hitherto proved themselves
worthy of ?*onl;d?:nce--those who
have the same interest. Unite with
those, ti tin ?- deceive y..u. il will
on the sympathies of strangers. iii
said he knew hei'Xpressed the feeling
of the intelligent white men of the
South, when he sahl that thev che?
rished no s?mb!am;o of hostility to?
ward thc colore 1 man. on account of
his altered circumstances. The ene?
mies ol' the South wili endeavor to
foment dissensions and jealousies, for
thcfmrpn.se of still farther tearing,
weakening and plundering our already
desolated land: but if the Southern
people, white and colored, stand
united, there is ground to hope that
our children, i: n it ourselves, may
enjoy a long period of tranquility and
peace, of prospi rity ami happiness.
Beverly Nash replied to the gene?
rally expressed statement of the white
speakers, that they were disfran?
chised, by stating that tho col?>red
people would present such a strong
and unanimous petitiou to Congress,
that attention would be paitl to it-in
fact, the colored men would not rest
until the whites had been enfran?
chise?!, ile lind respect for a man
who upheld his principles at the
point of thc bayonet; whereas skulk?
ers and so-culled I nion men at the
South, lie could designate as nothing
better than traitors. He advoc? d
universal suffrage-ht lieving that tho
driver of a oim-horsc carl was ns
mindi entitled t,i that right as thc
owner of a bi.nl: of buildings. He
quo toil li'e.ly ii- PI hisbiry to show
tim importance of thc right of suf?
frage, and advised the colored people,
tu thc selection of their candidates,
to look ;<> ineiii alone. As to not
know int;' who or what they would be
called on to von- for, the caudidntos
would take care of that, and by
speeches ami c. >uv< rsatious, post thom
The 'Kev. |). Pickett stated tim* he
wanted it distinctly umlerstood that
he was no ofliee-scokcr. Thc good of
his people was his ti rsl consideration.
Ile was opposed universal sr.(Trage,
for two reasons thewan! of educa?
tion and a property qualification.
The tirst wat: readily" attainable, and
the hist, by industry and economy,
would surely ci.me. Sp-ahing of
elections, he saul that the question
should not be whether a candidate
was black or white, but was lo- ho?
The R(,Ui W. V. D.'Saussnre and
,Tn :. G. (iibbi -. ii.-.;., delivered bort
was reformed and marched back to
The strict'.- : er.hu prevailed, which
is partially dm-to th? excellent ma?
nagement of Chief Marshal William
Simon-, au?! .cher influential mem?
bers ol' tin- various associations,
taken in all ?ts bearings, the pleasant
feelings engendered by this gathering
cannot bc too highly appreciated, nor
its importance ovcr-estiftated. Dis?
franchised whit ? were invited to ad?
dress enfranchised blacks, and the
a vice given was received in the
spirit in which it was extended; while
the remarks of the colored speakers
were of such a character as to give
general Sa! isla?-! loll.
In the owning, a torch-light pro?
cession was formed, and calls were
made upon Ch nc. 1?. r ('arro!!, W. iv.
Bachman, ii p. and other promi?
nent citizens, who delivered im
promptu addivssos, when the cele
brationists rei i rued to their rendez?
vous and wi r. dismissed.
SEW AnvKr.n . ..M.-. AU? anon n. csui
e.| io the foll, i.,ii i?.Iv. rtiseimmts, which
*re publislu-c .. is morning for th? first
Jacob Levin Auction Sal.?.
browne A S.''ni.eer Card of Thanks.
bevin .V Mn? i ? lorn, Hay, .V.c.
C. H Lev...;. Corn Hincks Wanted.
Pulli. ,v C..o ..ern ?. Bookstore.
George Sy m - s kenioviil.
Jacob I.evin I ndcrwrilers'Salo.
Coniiiiuni MU -ii >>f ? ol ii mina Lodge.
Meeting ol Independent Fire Company.