Newspaper Page Text
Thursday Morning, March 28, 1867.
(?cn. Longstreet speaks.
Thc subjoined letter is published
in the New Orleans Times, of Ute Istb
inst. This well-known and popular
officer hrs, us the Times says, a his?
tory in the past, and his voice is now
as firm and decided for peace and
organization, under tho law, as it was
for vigorous "and gallant effort us i
long as there was a hope of success in
the struggle in which he had en?
gaged. Thc letter is dated Now Or?
leans, March 18:
DEAE Sin: In your paper of yes?
terday, you have expressed a desire
to hear thc views of several gentle?
men upon the political condition of
the country. I find my name men?
tioned upon your list, and proceed,
without hesitation, to respond.
As I have never applied myself to
politics, I cannot claim to speak to
the wise statesmen of the country,
who are devoting their energies to
the solution of tho problem which
agitates tho public mind. C can ouly
speak thc plain, honest convictions
of a soldier.
It can hardly bc neeessaiy, at this
late day, to enter into a discussion of
the matter that is usually brought up
in arguing thc proposed plan for re?
constructing the Government. In?
deed, I think that many of them are
not pertinent to the question.
The striking feature, and the one
that our people should keep in view,
is that we are a conquered people. ?
Recognizing this fact fairly and
squarely, there is but one course left
for wise men to pursue. Accept the
terms that are offered us by the con?
querors! There can be no discredit
to a conquered people for accepting
the conditions offered by their con?
querors. Nor is there any occasion
for a feeling of humiliation. We
have made an honest, and I hope that
I might say a creditable fight, but we
have lost. Let us come forward, then,
and accept the ends involved in tho
Our people earnestly desire that
the constitutional Government shall
bc re-established, and the only means
to accomplish this is, to comply with
the requirements of the recent Con
" gressioual legislation.
It is said by some that Congress
will not receive us even after wo have
complied with their conditions. But
I can fiud no sufficient reason for
entertaining this proposition for a
moment. 1 cannot admit that the
representative men of a great nation
could make such a pledge in bad faith.
Admitting, however, that there is
such a mental reservation, can that
be any excuse for us in failing to dis?
charge our duty? Let us accept tho
terms, as we are in duty bound to do,
and if there is a lack of good faith,
let it be upon others.
I am, very respectfully, your most
We extracted u paragraph, some
Jays ago, stating that Gen. Lee ad?
vised the same policy as suggested in
the aboye letter, and further, urged
that we should not go listlessly about
thc work ol' reconstruction, but that
every qualified voter should partic??
pale in thc work of re-organization,
lt is futile and worse than idle for
any t<? imagine that any principle of
honor wiii be compromised by an ear?
nest participation in pressing forward
the work ol' restoration as speedily as
possible. No Southern man, how?
ever strong his political prejudices
may have been in tl LO past, or with
whatever disfavor lie may regard tho
requirements of the present law, can
be humiliated or dishonored by fol?
lowing the*counsels and examples of
such tried and trusted men as Robert
E. Lee, Wade Hampton and James
Longstreet. They enjoyed thc confi?
dence of the Southern people in their
most trying day, and the opinion and
advice of such men must have a
large and controlling influence over
the sentiments of their fellow-citi?
zens, who might think ;t ,i breach ol'
good faith to give their assent or
voluntary assistance to a measure
which might appear to abandon or
compromise those who have incurred
But all such sentiment must give
way to the condition of affairs which
now meets us face to face. And let
it l?e remembered that those very men
who have incurred the penalty of dis?
franchisement--thc heretofore promi?
nent leaders of the Southern people- -
those in whom they have confidence
to-day, and whoso devotion to thc
best interests of their section cannot
be doubted for a moment - urge upon
them to engage heartily in the work
of reconstruction as directed by thc
provisions of the late laws of Con?
gress. It is the only course that wis?
dom, patriotism and piadcuco can
dictate, and will, doubtless, under
the teachings of such men as those
I referred to, be pursued by all our
i lu this connection, wo would call
attention to au article from the Rich?
mond Tina*, under tho caption of
"New Leaders." lt is very suggestive
! at tlie present?me.
TH? Relief Resolution.
j The following is the text of the
I joint resolution granting relief to the
j South, after being amended by tho
i House, and as it has gone to the Pre?
Resolved, c?o\, That the Secretary
ot' War be and hereby is empowered
and directed to issue supplies ol* food
sufficient to prevent starvation and
extreme want to any and ail classes of
I destitute or helpless persons in those
j Southern ami South-western States
I whore failure of the crops or other
causes have occasioned wide-spread
! destitution. That the issue be made
through the Freedmen's Bureau,
under such regulations as the Secre
j tary of War shall prescribe ; and to that
end the Secretary of War is hereby
authorized and directed, through
thc Commissioners of the Freed?
men's Bureau, to apply as much as
he may deem necessary, for the pur?
poses aforesaid, of the unexpeuded
moneys heretofore appropriated to
supply freedmen and refugees with
provisions or rations, provided that
the" expenditure shall not extend be?
yond the present appropriations al?
ready made for the Freedmen's Bu?
I How much remains unexpended
from the appropriations heretofore
made to thc Freedmen's Bureau, we
do not positively know. A private
letter "received by a gentleman in this
city from good authority in Wash?
ington says that the amount will be
about $2,500,000. We hope, it may?
be so; but it would, in our opinion,
have been much better to have adopt?
ed the simple resolution of thc Senate
granting a definite appropriation,
than one out of funds already spe?
cially appropriated, and through a
j department that, we have no doubt,
has already enough on its hands.
The direct appropriation and its
prompt distribution, we must believe,
would have been more beneficial to
the recipients of the relief.
ATTACK OX THE STREET CAUS IX
CiiAKnESTON. -On Tuesday afternoon
last, a seemingly wcll-orgaui/.ed effort
was made by several riotous freedmen
to test their right to ride upon the
street cars, in violation of the rules
of thc company. The cars were in?
vaded, and in some instances the
lady passengers were compelled to
leave them, for fear of personal
insult and injury. When the rioters
found that the conductors could not
be awed into acquiescence with theil
demand t<> be permitted to ride on
an equality with the white passen
gers, tliey tried to interrupt tin
travel of the cars by placing stones
on tlie track. A squad of r?gulai
soldiers from the Citadel and a de?
tachment of police put au end to tin
disturbance and arrested the ring?
Tili': STAUNATION OF I?KSTNESS r>
1 NEW YOUR. -Perhapsnothing, says;
New York correspondent, shows in s?
striking a light the prevailing stagna
tion in all kinds ot" business as tin
internal revenue returns from thc
Thirty-second Collection District
which is the most important collec
tion district in the United States
J embracing, as it does, the lowe:
wards of the city, and including al
the most important bonded wai'e
houses: October, 18G6, $1,053,731.09
November, I860, $950,038.29; De
cember, 18CG, $712,386.39; January
1807, 8627,520.71; February, 1807
j $334,".187.85. These returns certain!;
exhibit avery remarkable decrease
j but not mon? so. as there is reason h
! believe, than will those of tho otho!
! districts as soon as the footings cai
? be prepared.
THE TRCE POLICY,-A recent nnm
ber of DeBow's Review contains ai
excellent article on the subject o
Southern manufactures, from th
able pen of Major Wm. J. Sykes
of Mississippi, from which we tak
the following extract:
"Our mountains are full of CO?I
and iron; our forests abound wit]
the finest timber; wc have immens
water-power that we can usc durin?
the whole year, and which is not in
jared by the freezes so common ii
high Northern latitudes.
"The best and surest proteetio:
which we can make against big]
tariffs and high taxes on cotton i
to become the manufacturers of th
cotton which wc raiso.'"
One of the earliest cases of Barris
ter Judah L\ Benjamin, in London
was a suit against the United States
Two Leading lind Irai Papers on
Con fixent ion.
Thc Albany Journal says:
We cannot believe that tho propo?
sition which Mr. Stevens has put for?
ward with so much elaborateness in a
carefully-prepared speech will secure
sufficient support in Congress to
make it really formidable. Wo
should blush for our humanity and
begin to doubt our civilization, were
such a result, possible. I
The Nation, a thoroughly radical |
paper, (one of its editors is a syn of I
William "Lloyd Garrison,) gives thc j
bill tue following solid rebut?", after |
summarizing its provisions:
A bill in which provision is made |
for thc violation of a greater number
ot- the principles ot' good govern- :
ment, and fOr the opening of a deeper
sink of corruption, has inner been '
submitted to a l?gislative body, and ;
wc venture to add, that had .anybody j
proposed such a measure to the Sui
tau after the storming ot' Constanti- j
noplc, lu- would have been expelled
from the "Medjlis" as a ruthless und j
troublesome visionary. There is, of
course, no probability that Congress i
will pass it: but the men1 prospect
that it will be discussed in the House '
afflicts us. and must afflict everybody
who earths fur the credit of the conn- j
On the other hand, the Pennsylva- 1
nia North American says:
For our part, wc are in favor of I
confiscating tho estates of all such
rebels as Davis, Stephens, Lee, Wise,
etc., and we believe that Congress
should exercise the power it undoubt?
edly possesses to that end. Wc have
not benefitted our country in any way
by restoring to these men thc huge
estates upon which they had grown
so insolent. These men have cost
the country an expenditure of money
that would have more than suffleod'to
buy up all their possessions. Their
course since the return of peace is
proof conclusive that they are not to
bo trusted or believed any longer,
and that they are bent on doing as
much mischief as may be within their
reach. What they are capable of,
I we may see in the terrible war they
waged for four long and bloody years,
and iu the countless lives lost by their
The same paper, which, it will be
seen, is a rabid advocate for confisca?
However Republicans may disagree
respecting Mr. Stevens' confiscation
bill, there is one point in it upon
which they ought all to be able to
agree. We allude to the first section,
wherein it is provided that the public
lands of thc ten rebellious States
shall be confiscated. This is a mat?
ter that has hitherto escaped the
attention of all our public men except
Mr. Stevens, and we don ht not that
many who read his speech will feel
surprised that no one'has anticip?t cal
him iu this capital method of making
the (hilf Statespay us, to some ex?
tent, for tito injuries they indicted
upon us during the war. In the case
of Texas, to which ho calls especial
attention, there should be no delay
whatever in availing ourselves ol' \ho
opportunity to confiscate the remain?
der of that public domain which she
reserved to herself ut thc time of her
annexation ns a guarantee for the
payment ol' her debt -that very debt
that was subsequently forced upon us
as a national burden by thc compro?
mise 01 1850.
Ol' all tlie States concerned iu thc
late rebellion, Texas escaped with
the least punishment. All the at
! tempts made to carry the war blt'
j her territory proved abortive, and
the long and desperate struggles iu
the South-west were mainly sus
fained upon resources derived fron:
j her. The contraband trade wit)
j Europe through Mexico was carrier
on by her. The droves of beeves
I upon which the rebel armies fed wert
furnished by her. And at the dosi
of tho war, after all the rebel annie
elsewhere hud surrendered, t he Texai
rebellion was still intact. These peo
pie, having felt little or nothing o
the horrors of the war, have re
I mained incorrigibly disloyal and de
i fiant, and although we have al
recognized that some punish men
j ought to be used to bring them b
! their senses, none that was fcasibli
could be thought of.
It was asserted by those who pro
fess to know, that Texas bas profit ci
by the war to such an extent that he
population is now double what it wa
in the year LS<>?). Thither have gow
the very worst rebels from otho
States, and especially from Missouri
Tennessee and Arkansas.
Tlie State had a large, loyal popula
tion when the war broke out, espe
cially among the Germans of Westeu
Texas, but a frightful reign of terro
was established t?> crush out Union
ism, and numberless patriotic citizen
fell victims to it.
It would, therefore, be nothin?
more than righi, that wo should pun
ish this State for her treason, by cou
fiscating her public l inds, and th
more so because then these land
would be opened to actual settler
free of cost, under the operations o
the homestead law, which canno
otherwise be the case. By tho sup
plement to that law, enacted by th
last Congress, all the public land
owned by the National Governrnen
in the Gulf States were thrown ope:
to actual settlers under the Act. It i
now proper to resume possession c
all lands held by rebel States, i
order to extend to all such the sam
provision, so that \ve may encourage
the increase of that independent class
of small landholders which has been
made the crying need of the aristo?
Mr. Stevens estimates the amount
of lands that will Tail into the hands
of the National Government by this
provisionat200,001),OOO acres, an item
decidedly worth considering in these
times, and sufficient to enable us to
create a great element in the South
antagonistic to the plantation aristo?
cracy. We cannot refrain from ex?
pressing our regret that this first
section of the pending hill cannot he
made into a separate Act, and passed
at once upon its own merits.
--? -o o
A Richmond gentleman of great
integrity and intelligence, who has
recently visited the North, assures
the T? MPH, of that city, that tlie in?
dications of a healthy rc-actiouary
sentiment are already manifest
among the business men and poli?
ticians of thc North, and that this re?
actionary fee?iug accepts the Sher?
man hillas a finality, and is unani?
mous in condemnation at any at?
tempts looking to confiscation. The
Tim ns adds:
There is still so much uncharitable?
ness at the North towards the South,
that the masses indorse the declara?
tions of Sherman and Wade, that this
is the last attempt at reconstruction
.which will be made. They profess,
almost to a man, to deprecate and de?
nounce the confiscation measures of
Sumner and Butler, and say that,
with the enforcement of the Sherman
Dill, and the admission of the South?
ern States under its provisions, there
will be au cud forever of all agitation
of the slavery question. Our inform?
ant, whose ability as a financier en?
titles his opinions to great weight,
believes that capital will, at no dis?
tant day, How into Virginia and the
other Statc\s in great abundance. He
was astonished and gratified beyond
measure at thc improved temper of
thc more influential and respectable
men of the North, and believes that,
by wise and judicious action, the re?
action against the radical party will
ultimately set in with great force.
Just now, however, all parties, except
thc destructkmists, profess to regard
the Sherman Act as "a finality.*'
NEW LEADERS. -The Richmond
Times lias the following thoughts
upon the changed political condition
of the Southern people:
In the present crisis of thc fate of
the Southern people, the old political
leaders who were famous in the days
before the deluge of civil war, have
made no efforts to guide or direct the
currents of popular thought. Accus?
tomed to the old order of things,
when measures of public importance
were almost of as slc^w growth as the
century plant, they have not been
aide to act with the promptness and
decision which are requisite amid the
whirling eddies of a revolution. They
cannot comprehend how the people
eau be moved without the cumbrous
old machinery of caucusses, stump
speeches, party wire-pulling' and ela?
borate discussions of first principles.
The new order of things which is
emerging from the chaos and debris
of the war fills them with speechless
amazement, and they wisely make no
effort ti? regain the influence which
they once possessed with the masses.
But, as nature is said to "abhor a
vacuum," and as the times demand
that the Southern people should have
leaders to guide and direct them, we
find all classes among us instinctively
turning for advice and counsel to
those great commanders who, for
years, by the display of the highest
talents and most admirable judgment,
sustained the cause of the Confede?
racy against the most overwhelming
odds. Whatever Southern men, less
distinguished for military talents,
may say about the "maintenance of
tho honor of the South,*' all feel that
our honor is perfectly safe in tlie
keeping of distinguished heroes like
Lee, Johnston, Hampton and other
scarcely less renowned commanders.
HARMONY.- -The following from
liie Richmond Times will apply to
this State as well as Virginia:
We notice with great pleasure, as
the time draws near when the peo?
ple of Virginia will be called upon to
act with harmony and vigor, for the
preservation of all those rights which
make life endurable, that, the public
journals of Virginia are becoming
more and more harmonious and
united in their advocacy of a wise and
most judicious line of policy.
This is as it should be. In the
presence of a great danger, nothing
could have been more unfortunate
than a divided, discordant" and
wrangling press. Thoroughly im?
pressed with this belief, we hove en?
deavored most carefully to abstain
from ali petty controversies with
those who have differed with us as to
the means of obtaining an end
desired by all good men.
It is estimated that the late flood
lias damaged Last Tennessee over
."$2,000,001). Over 200 persons were
washed out of their homes in Knox?
ville. Tho damage to farming inter?
ests is very heavy. Many of the
farmers lost their houses, barn0, grain
I Talk from tlie New York Herald.
I On "tho manifest policy and mani?
fest destiny" of the South, the New
? York Herald writes one of its peculiar
articles, from winch we extract the
Ou the new Southern tripod of
"Liberty, Equality and Fraternity,"
j there was, the other day, a most im
: pressive initial meeting of whites
(?ind l)lacks. at Columbia, South Ca?
rolina, at which Gen. Wade Hamp?
ton -the very pink of thc chivalry of
thai. Southern Confederacy which
j was set up on thc corner-stone of
i negro slavery-stood between two
! black men, expounding tlie new idea
I and tin1 new epoch ol' equal rights.
! We published yes! -rday a special re
I port of un interesting m iss meeting
j of whites and blaeks, held the day
I before, ni Charleston, at which Judge
j Moore (white) presided, and E. J.
! Adams (colored) neted as secretary.
The object of tins meeting was "io
I form an association to bo known as
the Union Republican party of South
j Carolina," while that at Columbia
was to initiate a movement for a new
and independent Southern party,
(unbracing a political fusion of the
land owning whites and the laboring
blauks, upon the broad ground of
common interest, political andsocial,
local and national.
Thus South Carolina, the pioneer
and prime mover in the late rebellion,
very properly takes the lead in this
work of submission to the issues of a
war of her making, and in this im?
portant business of re-organization
of parties upon the new ideas, facts
and established principles of this new
era in our national history. Four
years of the bayonet have hurried us
j through a radical and sweeping revo?
lution of ;i hundred ycart, of peace.
Excepting the revolutionary conse?
quences of that terrible French con?
vulsion which first startled the world
in 1780, there is nothing in thc on?
ward inarch of any nation to com?
pare with the revolution inaugurated
iu the United States with the seces?
sion of South Carolina, in December,
18(10. That Act was limited to a
dozen lines, declaring the Union dis?
solved and South Carolina an iude
pendent sovereignty; but it decrece
the slaughter of six hundred thou
sand men. the emancipation fron
chattel slavery of four millions of th?
African race, and, with their eleva
tion to citizenship and civil and poli
ti eal equality, the blotting out of al
t he political excrescences and accesso
ries of slavery, au?! till its legal une
The new departure thus devolving
upon the Southern States is a chang,
from the world before to the work
after the deluge. The delays o
restoration resulting from Presiden
Johnson's policy have, in this view
served a good purpose in gradual!;
preparing the Southern mind for tin
great change. From the movement
of leading Southern politicians ii
different places remote from cac]
other, all tending in the same dirri:
tion, it is evident that they have bee:
watching thc course of events an
preparing for tho ultimatum that ha
! come upon them, while hoping fe
better tilings. They now know whn
they have to do, and in following th
example of Wade Hampton they hav
their future in their own hands. B
meet ing promptly and fairly tlie cor
ditions of Congress, and by harmon
izing in good faith with the blacks
the ruling white class of the Sont
may take the game of reeonstructio
ont of the hands of Secretary Stanto
and tho Northern radicals, and bnil
up the i iw.u.; dominant party of th
South upon the balance of powc
held by the blacks. This may L
done in season to secure the re-ai
mission into Congress of all til
excluded States next winter, whie
will give tin-ni ample time to play
deliberate part in the approachin
Preside l?ial election.
In this connection we hold to tl:
j idea that the ticket of Grant and Li
i is the ticket for the projected new ii
; pendent party of the South, becaut
j it will operate to fuse Unionists au
? rebels, whites and blacks, ''all undi
the same political banner. Grant ac
Cameron would be an excelle]
ticket for thc North: for Cameron :
the field of politics is as hard to be
as Grant, in the strategy and tactil
; of wa \ [f Grant stands as the viet?
over linekne**, Sidney Johnsto:
j Beauregard, Pemberton, Bragg, J<
! Johnston, Lee, &c, Cameron h
also beaten a host of opposing leader
including Forney, Governor Curtii
and "Old Thad. Stevens.'' In ai
eveut, the next Presidential conto
lies open to the South, and in tl
werk ol' reconstruction the Southe]
planters and their white allies arom
t hem rna;,, if I hey will, in the names
Grant and Lee, build up a Southe1
politic ,1 balance of power on tl
black vote-solid, self-sustaining ai
G. i. Lee is our modal. We ha'
said, di the while, that every defer
j ed S : thorner ought to act like Ge
; iji ?. But who can do it? Not ol
j in a thousand. \ye have chafed ti
j much; wc have not been sufficient
poht.e. We must learn to be, mo
discreet. Wo place ourselves
great disadvantage, when wc do n
hold our tongues and command o
tempers. -Danville Times.
The projectors of a flying machii
j iu California expect to make the tr
I across the continent in twenty-fo
SHOW POSTERS, HANDBILLS, ?i-e.
Our supply of type and facilities <?.
press-work enable us to tum out fron;
the Phoenix office the most attractive
styles of posters, band-bills, &c.. at
short notice, and in the most sati
SONS OF TEMPERANCE.- By refej
euee to our advertising columns, it
will be .-cen that au effort is to b,
made to re-establish a division oi Un?
honored and much-needed society
We hope and believe that the eflbr'
will lie successful.
.Toi: PIUNTING.-The Job Ollie ...
the PJtO'ni.c is as complete as any ::.
the. South. It is furnished with rn
fonts of type of all description ; and
of the most .modern styles. .Ml work
executed promptly, willi taste ?? :
ski'd, and at reasonable raie-.
THE CIRCUS.- The performance bj
Mike Lipman's troupe, last night,
gave general satisfaction. Such* ba
toute and bare-back feats wc have
seldom witnessed, while the evolu?
tions on movable and stationary bare,
by bipeds and quadrupeds, were truh
wonderful. Wc commend this exhi
bition to our friends in the country,
with the assurance that those win
attend will get their money's worth
LEGISLATERES PA VINO THEM?
SELVES.-The Legislatures of Wis?
consin, Tennessee and Kentucky have
passed laws requiring the per diem of
their own members to be paid in gold
or its equivalent. The Legislature o^
South Carolina were content to take
greenbacks, but left thc people a de?
preciated currency, in the "bills re?
ceivable" they had created; and not
only so, but afterwards refused t<
take them when they brought any
produce to market.
CARDS! CARDS!-Show cards, busi?
ness cards, visiting and wedding
cards, executed at the Phonix Job
Office, in the neatest styles of thc
art. Cards of all sizes constantly
on hand, and all orders from town or
country promptly atteuded to.
ANSWEKS TO CORRESPONDENTS.--Th
following answers to correspondont
from a cotemporary arc of universa':
interest-in a horn:
"Orphan.-Tf your mother's first
cousin's brother-in-law married yen
family physician's aunt, the family
physician's last patient's eldest daugh?
ter's intended husband should inherit
the propertv. See Coke on Gas
"Kate. -The remark of ymir hus
! baud was cruel, that 'he had rathe:
j lose his wife than his diamond pin;'
: but you must remember that a wife
can be had for the asking, while
j diamond cannot.''
j C r nc CLAUS ! CIRCULARS! -Commei
j cial and other circulars, in the various
j forms -note, letter and commercial
j post-neatly printed in our Jo!
Office, and all work of this descrij
tion finished in the best style of print
j ing, and at moderate prices.
i NEWADVEIITISEKENTS.-Attentii n .?<?...
j eil t.. the following advertisement*, whici;
aro published this morning for il"- 5r?t
i W. C. Beatty Sons of Teni;.. ram .
? Meeting of Acacia Lodge.
! Pr ccedin gs of Public Meeting.
.J. s, McMahon-Closing of Ollie?
j THE SITUATION.-The Charlotte N
I C.) T:mes publishes a letter from ar.
influential citizen of that State fn :
; which we ext i act :
You are aware what my views and
principles were, but 1 believe now
that it is our highest duty to surren?
der our opinions-as we surrendered
our armies -upon the terms of the
conqueror. It is manifestly the last
resort that is left us, and if is there?
fore madness to rush upon the ' thick
j bossies" of irresistible power, witt
j sullen indifference to consequence s
which we cannot control or avert.
The country needs repose, and :t
is obvious that the true interests of
the North and the South require that
our action in accepting the situation
should be prompt. The role of the
irrepressible conflict must uov be
played out, and it is best, for t his and
coming generations that wc should
act wisely, calmly and submissively
to tho stern logic of events. Though
I am proscribed, I would urge the a-;
ceptance of dir terms noir offered.
I was opposed to the Howard
amendment, but it was then believed
I that tlie amendment was left to the
option ot thc States. In that, we
were mistaken. Thc States can never
again exist as separate centres of au?
thority and power, and how much
soever wo may have been attached te
the time-honored principles of tho
Southern States and statesmen, thero
is now no alternative but to surrender
them all-as cheerfully and graeefully
as wo may, and try, in good faith and
with earnest purpose, tho new line of
duty to the Constitution and the