Newspaper Page Text
Tuesday Morning, April 2, 1867.
Union, Activity vs. Defiant I n U i rici _
Tbero aro but few Southern journals
who do not bow to tho force of those
circinust;uiccs in our political affairs
over which they have no control
thero aro but very few who have as?
sumed an attitude of indifference
to tho events now transpiring
around them. Thoso aro events
'pregnant with weal or with woo to
our section, and to the State that wo
profess to love, for the glorious me?
mories and associations which, for
long years, the ability of her states?
men and tho prowess of her sons
have invested her with.
Tho position of this journal is well
known, during the time it has been
published-all through tho dark time
of tho struggle for reconstruction
and restoration. It supported the
policy of the President of the United
States in opposition to the measures
of Congress; wo opposed tho adop?
tion of the Constitutional amendment
by any Southern State; for, as it was
framed and presented to these States,
they had the power to reject it. But
tho measures now pressed upon us
leave no option; wo havo not the
power of rejection, and, from the
mode in which tho polioy of those
who mado theso laws has already de?
veloped itself, we say that it would
be unwise, if not suicidal, to reject,
even if wo had tho option; for it is
evident from the past, if we had the
option aud did reject it, tho next
measure of Congress would not be
one of "reconstruction," but ono o?
territorialization-perhaps, foran in?
definite time-perhaps until immi?
gration brought in a now population,
and, particularly iu this State, oust?
ing tho descendants of those who
have mado her history glorious in thc
days of tho Revolution, and evei
since then in tho Held and in th?
forcm. Thc measures now in force
do not como to us ns a tender oi
terms-they come to us as law, auc
as such must bo obeyed. Tho tall
of acceptance, or degradation by ac
cepting, is sheer nonseuRe; thero ii
no acceptance in tho matter, ant
there is no d?gradation in obedience U
lato. Our chief inquiry now is, "Wha
is our duty under tb" - "renmstanecs?'
and our purpose s. >u be to dis
chargo that duty, ev if in conflic
with our past prejudices, sentiment
If thero aro any in this State win
do not wish to see South Carolin'
restored to thc Union-restored ti
her rights and privileges in the conn
cils of the republic of which she wa
formerly a proud member, which prc
bably gave to thoso councils more c
statesmanship thau any other-w
have not discovered them, eithe
through the medium of her publf
journals or through private intel
course. That the largo majorit
would not have voluntarily BOUgli
re-union, her muster-rolls during
four years' strugglo for independenc
amply testify to; but if there be anj
after thc failure of that struggle
after the surrender of their armies b
their tried and trusted leaders-wh
still cling to their ancient prejudices
and refuse to aid io tho work of r<
storation and reconstruction, thc
are blinded to the interests of t hoi
State aud section. The tcrrninatio
of tho conflict proved incontestibl
that tho Union is indissoluble, au
tho sooner this fact becomes convii
tion with all our people, the betti
for them and for the interests bf the
And now as to the duty of Carol
nians in thia important crisis. It
as plain and simple as it is urgen
If we do not desire a continuance <
military rule among us; if wo desi]
to stand as equals in that Goveri
ment, to tho formation of which tl
heroism of South Carolinians coutr
buted so largely, and to thc porpeti
ation of the republican principles <
which South Carolina statesiuansh:
gave a most earnest and prominei
support, then let no sullen or d?fiai
indifference obstruct tho method
restoration planned out and impost
upon us by thoso who havo tl
power. And at this point, lot us sn
mit tho following paragraph fro
tho Boston Post, ono of tho mc
ably conducted anti-radical and co
servativo journals in New Englau
or, indeed, in tho North:
"Tho salvation of tho South,
well as of the Union, is to bo socur
by its carly return to its represen
tive rights and privileges; and the
end of radical rule jost as certainly
dawns on the country with the ap;
proach of the same event The re?
cent popular meetings held and called
in the chief Southern cities, at which
both blacks and.'whites attend, and
speeches are freely made by each
class, demonstrate the spirit in which
these conditions laid down by Con?
gress aro to be met, and guide us to
the solution of this perilous problem
by the surest way. Tho white men
nt the S?uth, who have an influenco
to exert, aro clearly going to uso it
for tho safety nud advantage of that
section, instead of falling back on a
defiant indifferenoo which, at best,
could only make their situation much
worse than it is. They rightly realize,
like sagacious people, that it is better
to retain the control and direction of
local affairs, and the shaping of loeal
sentiment, in their own hands, than
to leave a way open for the closor in?
vasion .of passion and fanaticism.
Wo rejoice to witness tho progress of
this spirit among them, for it is thc
surest promise we can have that
through its activity and perseverance
: the wounds from which tho Union
has boen so long bleeding are soon tc
This paragraph should commend
itself to the consideration of all, and
especially to .those who may still bc
restive or chafe nuder tho exactions
or requirements demanded . from us.
With the Post, we believe the salva
tion of the South, as well as of th?
Union, depends upon an early restora
tion of all tho States. With us, o:
South Carolina, the duty and rosponsi
bility of the hour ore iudced of vas
importance. Not long since, a con
vention of the white peoplo mot, ant
framed a new constitution. By th<
lato Congressional legislation, tho
constitution and the Govcramcn
framed under it are pronounced oui;
provisional; a new constitution mus
bo framed, and the mode and manne
and agencies through which it ls to b
framed aro so distinctly laid down b
thc law-making power of thc country
that there can bo no evasion of th
terms, no departure froni the lin
designated with such unswerviu
A convention has to be called, an
will be called in the manner describee
despite any grumbling or reluctant
that may bo manifested or enter taine
by a portion of our people- It
evident, therefore, that it is not on!
their policy, but their duty to ti
State, to retain thc control and nu
nagement of their own politici
affairs, instead of yielding them, I
supineness or indiff?rence, to Ul
friendly influences from other se
tions. Tlie men to be chosen to th
convention have to bo selected by tv
classes of voters, one of which wi
cast their ballots for tho first tim
It is to be hoped that both feel tl
importance and necessity of choosil
tho best men among us, who ave e
gible, to discharge thc importa
trust of framing the future organ
law of the Stuto. There should 1
no division- no parties or clique
but all, actuated by the same nol:
purpose, the salvation of our Stu
and country, unite in thc dotcrmin
tion to ignore tho pretentious elah
of demagogues and mere partizai
and entrust their interests to m
who, with honest instincts of patrii
1 sm, have made Carolina, and inte
to make it their home, and* the hoi
ol' those who may come after the
Such men, well qualified, and oli
ble, can bo found throughout t
State, and upon them let all t
voters, white and colored, uni
There is no reason why there shot
bo division, and especially when tl
division maj' and will probably def
reconstruction-the great end to,
obtained, not only in a political po
of view, but for tho future matei
.well-being and prosperity of 1
Dispatch extracts tho following pa
graph from the Richmond cori
pontkneo of the Now York Tin
We presume there will bo as lil
delay as possible in all tho militi
districts in commencing the work
"x am informed that it is the int
tion of General Schofield to ti
immediate steps in tho way of
registration of voters, as provided
the supplementary reconstruct
bill. It is thought thc convent
will assemble in June, and if so,
tho action necessary to tho admiss
of representatives to Congress wil
had in timo for tho next winter ?
sion. That consummation is devoi
wished for, os tho only means of
storing public confidence, and
viving thu trade of the country, v
so utterly prostrate."
Albert Pike's editorials aro sait
be five feet long, and equally "thi
Reconstruction lat Virginia.
A large meeting of tho most re?
spectable and influential citizens of
Smythe County, Va., held at the
Court House recently, was addressed
by M. T. Colbert, and tho following
resolutions were adopted, with but
two dissenting voices:
Resolved, That tho General Order
No. 1 of Major-General Schofield,
Military Commander of the Stato
of Virginia, in which he recognizes
the existing civil government of the
State, and continues nil officers of
the Government of tho State in tho
performance of the duties of their
respective offices according to law,
unless hereafter ordored in indivi?
dual cases, until their successor shall
bo duly elected and qualified, iu ac?
cordance with tho Act of Congress,
is eminently conservative, wise and
just, and its -kind tone and spirit
evince a just appreciation of what
?3 ^ JO from an officer and soldier
to the feelings of a bravo aud high
spirited people placed by tho Act
of Congress under his command.
Resolved, That we, the people and
civil officers of Smytho County, and
wo hope .of the State, r espo nd heart?
ily to the appeal Jof the Command?
ing General to the people and civil
officers of Virginia, to render tho
necessity of the exercise of the
power conferred upon him by the
Act as slight as possible, by strict
conformity to tho laws aud by im?
partial administration of justice to
all classes, while wo earnestly desiro
a civil over the military authority
and a restoration of the State and
tho people of the State to all their
Tho Charlottesville Chronicle bas
thc following short, sharp article on
"We think that Southern people
havo done enough iu the way of
honor; it is time now to get bread to
eat, and shelter, and rest.
Tho trouble with our people is
that they cannot accept tho inevita?
ble. If negro suffrage is a determin?
ed fact, why struggle against the
fiat of God? When the piteher is
broken at the fountain, why pro?
tract one's tears! Is there not a sil?
ver lining to the blacke cloud?
May it not be that wo do lot take
in tho whole of this business? May
it not bo that there is a blessing hid
iu all these thunders? May it not
be that our friends, that our colored
friends will continue to be our
friends, and thousands of them will
seek the assistance of their "old
masters" in throwing their votes?
May it not be that the. whites will
control, tho colored voto without
difficulty? And in Virginia have wo
uot nearly 200,000 more whites thau
blacks? And will uot the white pop?
ulation be a constantly increasing,
and the black a constantly decreas?
G tn. Sheridan'* District.
In addition to the removal of civil
officers in Louisiana, already received
by telegraph aud published in the
Phoenix, the Washington correspond?
ent of tho New York Times, on Fri
.day, telegraphs a? follows:
"An effort will soon be made to
induce Maj. Gen. Sheridan to remove
Gov. Throckmorton, of Texas. The
Union men now here from that Stato
claim that it will bo useless for them
to attempt to organize a Government
under the reconstruction bill while
he is in power, as his influence, and
all the patronage of his position, will
Ije used by him in behalf of the rebels
and the disfranchised classes, 'j hoy
are afraid that tho freedmen will bo
driven to vote against their wishes,
unless the control of the.Govcrnmcut
is in the hands of tho Uuion party,
and stato that there aro at least fifty
Goanties in which they will not be
allowed to vote at all, unless they aro
protected by the presence of Federal
troops. If Throckmorton ia removed,
thc appointment of a Union man will
be secured, uo matter what the d??
sira of tho Administration may be, as
tho law requires all officers to take
the iron-clad test oath. Throckmor?
ton cannot take it, and there arc but
few men of prominence in the State
who can. Among them ari! Judge
Paschal, Judgo Sherwood and Judge
Thomas-all radical Unionists."
The special correspondent of thc
Baltimore >Sitn says:
"Tho statements in Washington
correspondence to Northern newspa?
pers, that the President is impor?
tuned by representatives of all the
rebels in New Orleans with protests
against tho action of Gen. Sheridan
in removing civil officers, &c, I am
authorized to say, is without the
slightest foundation in truth.
"Tho President, it may bo said in
this connection, has fnot in any way
interfered with the action of tho five
military commanders of the Southern
States siuce the order appointing
them to their seVeral commands vas
-? ^ ? >
A BLACK PAPHR.-The Avalanche
says that tho blacks of Memphis,
having lost confidence in their radical
friends there who have been picking
them of their fractional currency,
will soon start a paper of their own.
It is lo have black editors, black
printers, black carriois, aud will bo
conducted oil the black style. The
Loyal League is fast losing its sup?
Til? Income Tax.
The following is the form of milk?
ing income returns for 18^6, under
the new law. The reader will seo at
a glance the oharacter of thc articles
to be returned upon, and the deduc?
tions to bc made:
1. From the profits in any trude,
business or . vocation from which
incomo is actually derived, or any in?
terest therein, wherever carried on.
2. From tho payment of debts in
a formar year considered lost, and
which havo not paid a previous in?
3. Fruin vents. .
4. From farming operations
amount of live stock sold, amount ot
agricultural products sold.
5. From profits realized by sales of
real estate purchased siuco December
31, 18G8. \ ? ;
(5. From interest on any bonds or
other evidences of indebtedness of
any railroad, canal, turnpike, canal
navigation or slack water company,
or interest or dividends on stock,
capital or doposits in any bank, trust
company, savings institution, insur?
ance, railroad, canal, turnpike, canal
navigation or slack water company.
7. From dividends of any-incorpo?
rated company other than those above
8. From gains and profits of any
incorporated company not divided.
9. From iuterest on notes, bonds
or other securities of the United
10. From interest on notes, bonds,
mortgages or securities other than
those enumerated above.
11. From any salary other than at
an officer or employee of the United
12. From any salary or pay as ar
officer or emplovee of the Unitct
13. From profits on sales of gold oi
stocks, whenever purchased.
14. From all sources not abov<
1. Exempt by law, SI,OOO.
2. National, State, County and nm
uicipal taxes paid within the year.
3. Losses actually sustained durin<
tho year from fire, shipwreck or in
curred in trade, ond not already de
ducted in ascertaining profits.
4. Losses on sales of real est?t
purchased .since December 31, 18G3.
.5. Amount paid for hired labor ti
cultivate land from which income i
6. Amount paid for the live stocl
which was sold within the year.
7. Amount actually paid for reu
8. Amount paid for usual or ordi
nary repairs, excluding payments fo
new buildings, permanent impi-ove
ments or betterments.
, 9., Interest paid out or falling du
withiu the year.
10. Salary or pay as au officer o
employee of the United States, fror
which a tax has boen withheld.
11. Interest or dividends from coi
porations enumerated above in pari
Amount of tax at five per cont.
CARRIAGES, (?OLD WATCHES, RI LUAU
TABLES AND KlLVER PLATE.
(ScJt&lnie A.-Section 100, Act Jiu
30, 18?4, as amended July 13, I860.,
Carriage, phaeton, carryall, rocl
away or other like carriage, and an
coach, hackney coach, omnibus c
four-wheeled carriage, the body <
which rests upon springs of any di
scription, which is kept for lise, fe
hire or for passengers, and which
not used exclusively in husbandry <
in the transportation of merchandize
valued at exceeding ?300 and n<
exceeding 8?00, including harne
Carriages of like description value
#Gold watches, composed wholly i
in" part of gold or gilt, kept for us
valued at $100 or less-81'.
Gold watches, composed wholly i
in part ol' gold or gilt, kept for us
valued at above $100--$2.
Billiard tables kept for use, and n
subject to special tax-^10. ~
(Junee plate of silver, kept for us
per ounce troy-50 cents.
Ounce plato of silver, kept for tu
per ounco troy, exceeding for
ounce.--, used by one family-50 cen!
- < ?? ? >
TUE FUTURE.-The Anti-Slave;
Standard, the organ of Wendell Ph
lips' fanatics, is intensely disgust
with tho new reconstruction bill> ai
pitches into the Republican piu
quito vigorously. It seems to ht
General Grant only ono degreo h
than it hates President Johnson, a:
it sees in the new bill a law whi
makes Grant military dictator o^
tho lives and fortunes of the pco]
of ten States. It predicts that, witt
three years, tho samo kind of Govei
ment which this law prescribes I
tho South will be wielded over t
whole country. Upon which prophc
tho Wheeling Register remarks:
"Tho Republican party, after
existence of ten years, has dclug
tho nation in blood, destroyed t
Union of States, abolished tho I
public, and placed in tho hands
ono mau supreme control over 1
peoplo of ten States. Tho predict!
that threo years moro will find 1
wholo nation under a military desp
ism is certainly not improbable i
Riding a Rall.
To tho Editors of the Phoenix:
In your paper of March 30, I no
tioo a card from W. B. Nash, in which
he accuses me of riding a rail between
tho North and South, aud not pub?
lishing all tho resolutions passed at
tho meeting of tho 2?3th.
The resolution not published, I did
not approve of, and it was rejected
by tho meeting. The resolutions de?
nouncing W. B. Nash were tho only
ones necessary to bu passed, aud the
public have them. But to show who
thc real rail rider is, I will produce ti
curious historical record of events,
that our friends may see where W.
B. Nash really stands.
At a meeting iu December, 18G6, c
certain missionary preacher was pre?
sent, advocating universal amnesty
and universal suffrage,, at which tini<
delegates wcro elected to go on tc
Washington for that purpose. Or
the 1st January, 1807, at a meeting
held in tho A. M. E. Church, when i
resolution was offered to raise mono]
to souci the delegates that were electee
to go for that purpose, W. B. Nasi
said ho was not willing to send aui
one to ask for universal amnesty fo:
such meu as General Wade Hamp
ton, when their hands are stainec
with the blood of our people. At th
meeting of the 14th March ther<
were resolutions offered by N. E
Edwards, that he said, iu his lotter o
the 21st, that he helped to prepare
They endorsed the fifth and' sixtl
sections of the military bill, pledgiuj
support to no mau who would no
cany out its principles, lu his speed
on the 18th, he speaks for universa
amnesty, and steps aside, in the iui
pulse of tho moment, aud say?4 some
thing that astonishes his forme
friends. It was necessary to com
out in the paper of tho 21st and ex
plain his speech, and says he is mit
represented; which I take to bo
backing out of his speech, for if h
really believes iii his speech, wh
come out and say he is inisreprescnte
at all? Let him stand on his speed]
But to show his inconsistency, au
to make bad worse, he refers, the root
eis of Iiis letter of the 20th March t
the resolutions offered by N. E. Ec
wards, which he helped to prepare
as his declaration of principles, wilie
are the Very principles in oppositk)
to his speech. How can ho endow
the resolutions he helped to prepnri
and defend his speech, and bo tn
and consistent to his people? I don
believe in riding a rail; I am only c
ono side. Theso facts will show thi
W. B. Nash is just ou tho roil-or
speech for the whites and one for tl
blacks. I agree with tho Rev. I
Pickett, that tho interests of the whi
and colored meu are the same, ar
all that I desire is, that the same la\
shall govel-n both. Yours, with r
spec!, S. B. THOMPSON.
7') the Editors of thi; Phoenix!
In a letter from W. B. Nash, :
your paper of March 30, my name
mentioned, about returning from Fl
rida dissatisfied, and did not want
havo nnything more to do with tl
Yankees. I stand by what I sai
There are piont}' of Yankees ai
other people I don't caro to ha
anything moro lo do with. Let 3d
Nash stand by what he said, and 1
the people judge. I ask Mr. Nash
ho did not, at a meeting at the .
M. Episcopal Church, oppose a rcs
lution wherein we, the colored eil
zens, proposed to ask for univers
amnesty for the Southern whites
this State? This meeting was he
some time in the month of Decei
ber. At this meeting, 3'ou sai
"Wc were sending delegates to Was
iogton, asking amnesty for t
whites;'' and there he put this qu<
tion to tho meeting: "Would y
ask for pardon for the men that h
stained their hands with the blood
Again: Mr. Nash, not being a de
gate, went to Washington; and wh
he returned, ho reported our de
gate, Rov. Mr. Pickett, as a trait?
becauso he offered Gov. Orr as
honorary member of the Natioi
Convention. Mr. Nash assured i
of this; he almost niado me belie
Mr. Pickett to bo the wrong mt
but now I know Mr. Pickett ' to
thc; right man.
Again: I ask Mr. Nash did ho i
say that ho was in the halls of Cf
gross when tho bill of enfrauchi
ment was passed, and did ho not ;
he was the first mau that clapped 1
hands at tho downfall of Audy Jol
Again: Did you not toll me tl
Judgo Edmunds asked you if y<
people would vote with their i
masters, and you said, "No, ni
Did you not Bay to mo if our i
masters behaved themselves, that 3
would not take all of their lands, I
let them keep half? Yon deny t
your speech va" published corred
and yet you say that your policy
tho sumo as tho resolutions offered
N. E. Edwards, which do not ag
with your speech. You are a Un
man and a South Carolinian. I do
In conclusion, I will say, that 3
havo brushed Calhoun's hat, W
ster's i*fi\t and Henry Clay's boots
A PUFF FROM A NEW PIPE.-Mr.
E. E. Jackson bas a fine supply of
pipesof all descriptions, just received.
The one wo have on trial is sold cheap,
and is equal to the meerschaum.
Give him a trial.
Jon PRINTING.-Tho Joh Omeo of
the Phonix is as complete as any in
the South. It is furnished with new
fonts of type of all descriptions and
of the most modern styles. All work
exeouted promptly, with taste and
skill, and at 'reasonable rates.
NEWSPAPERS ON FILE.-"We would
respectfully inform r?aders rind the
general public, that newspapers on
file in the Phanrix office are for refer?
ence only, and th dy must not be car?
ried off, under any circumstances.
As this is a matter of importance, we
hope it will bo borne in mind.
cial and other circulars, in the various
forms-note, letter and commercial
post-neatly printed in our Job
Office, and all work of this descrip?
tion finished in tho best style of print?
ing, and at moderate prices.
SHORTENING TUE DISTANCE.-Atten
teutiou is called to the notice of Mel?
vin M. Cohen, in another column, by
which it will bc seen that ho will de?
liver goods to customers nt their resi?
dences, free of expense. He also ad
vertices a fine assortment of goods in
his line, just received.
ELECTIONS.-The following de
spateh Was received by.Brevet Brig.
Gen. Green, yesterday afternoon,
from Gou. D. E. Sickles, who linc
been telegraphed to with reference tc
tho election of Sheriff of this Dis
trict. This order will apply to al
elections in this State:
CHARLESTON, . S. C., April 1, 1807
Brevet J>)'i'j. Goa. Green, Command
ing: The election ffor Sheriff] wil
not bo held. When will the term o
the present incumbent expire? J
successor will bo appointed. B;
command of Gen. Sickles.
J. W. CLOUS,
Capt. and A. A. A. Gen.
, THE SOUTHERN CULTR-ATOR.-Th
April number of this well-known agri
cultural journal, published in Atheni
Ga., contains forty-eight pages
thirty-four of reading matter, most!
original. It is embellished with
tasteful design and ground plan of
convenient dwelling-the first of
series. David Dickson, the most su<
cessful planter in Georgia, gives tw
communications, which, with ov(
thirty original articles on topics pe:
faining to thc farm, garden and fin
side-such as cotton, culture, m:
hures, grasses, sorghum and oth<
crops, sheep, implements, grape
peaches, vegetables-a letter froi
Gomes Munro, Sic, &c., fully sustai
the reputation of this valuable pape
which has been regularly issued k
nearly twenty-five years.
CARDS! CARDS!-Show cards, bus
ness cards, visiting and weddin
cards, executed at the Phoenix Jo
Office, in the neatest styles of tl
art. Cards of all. sizos constant
on hand, and all orders from town <
Country promptly attended to.
A SECRET- CORRESPONDENT.-Ti
New York Harald, pf Friday, says:
"Our correspondent at Columbi
S. C., has recently mada a trip of son
length through the State, and is
opinion that the railroads aro as d
moralized as tho people. Colunil:
still plainly shows tho marks of ti
fire which swept over it during t
war. The people are generally cl
posed to feel reckless in regard to t
consequences of reconstruction, ai
work themselves into a fit of passii
when talking about it. Our corn
pondent believes that there is soi
sly artifice concealed boueath the pi
fessions of Wade Hampton a:
others, at the recent colored nu
meeting, conciliatory of tho negro?
They talk very differently in privi
We should say that this corr
pondent is one among a thousai
Tho people of this State reckless
the consequences of roconstructic
tho "demoralization" of railron<
and tho "artifices" of Wado Han
ton, which this acute correspond*
has discovered in this locality, ont i
him to a leather medal and a hi
rank in Dennett's editorial staff.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Attention if c
cd to tho following advertisements, wh
aro puhliahod thia morning for thc fi
M. M. Cohen-Delivery of Purchas?s.
W. T. Walter-"Variety Auction.
A. Etira-Citation of Hoary A. M. i t,:
Richard O'NValo & Sen Buckwheat.
Mooting of Palmetto Fire Company.
Mortgsg??*l? *'r Dwelling and Lot.
Meeting of True Brotherhood Lodge,
j. S. McMahon-Notices to Tax-payei
ii. D. Hanahan - Importo J Goods, etc
1 iehor A Lowrance State Bill* at Pa
Mrs. S. A. Smith- .Spring Millinery.