Newspaper Page Text
Thursday Morning, April 3,1867.
A Striking Contrast--I860 TS. 1807.
On Wednesday last, Mr. Ooorge
Francis Train happened into the
"gold room" in New York, and was
requested by its frequenters, the
bulls and boars of Wall street, to
mako ? speech ou the expansion of
tho currency. He ropliod in an
olaborato sketch, drawing, in charac?
teristic language, a contrast between
tho financial condition of tho coun?
try in 18G0 aud 18G7. The speech is
published at length in the New York
papers, but our space only permits
us to take a glanco at some of its
In 1860, he said, prospority was all
over tho land; 5,000,000 bales of cot?
ton on a thousand plantations; 0,000,
?000 tons of shipping on every ocean;
agriculture well to do, manufacturers
prosperous, banks and insurance
companies paying good dividends,
petroleum wells and wealth just being
developed, 60,000,000 of gold coming
ia from the California mines, tho
stock market producing a harvest to
tho brokers, the dry goods merchants
making money-in short, prosperity
all over the land ; and yet all this was
dono on a currency of two hundred
and fi?y millions of dollars. This
was 1860; now for tho other picture
Fivc*millions of shipping wiped off
tho sea by England's neutrality; no
fivo millions of cotton bales now;
three hundred millions sunk iu po
troleum ; gold-mining companies havo
played out; agriculture drooping;
woolen and other manufacturers sus?
pending pay mont; insurauco compa?
nies failing, and steamship property
is dying out. Tho rottenest security
in tho street is the so-called gilt-e lged
paper; the rich men are all poor, and
aro first to call in their loans; those
pntriotic radicals who put their mo?
ney into Southern cotton plantations
have planted it there forever. Tho
West is not paying up, and the South
has nothing to pay or buy with; tho
bonded warehouses have piles of
foreign goods not paid for; tho coun?
try is stocked with merchandize; tho
gold market from thirty to forty per
cent, premium; $50,000,000 sunk in
the Stock Exchange-that financial
Morgue of thc land-since January;
in short, paralysis everywhere-the
dry rot in Wall street-nobody pay?
ing expenses; checks exchanged to
show life-all loans on call-no busi?
ness doing-no industrial enterprises
going on-no confidence anywhere;
and yet, all this with u currency of
one thousand millions of dollars.'
This is a brief sketch of the con?
trast presented by the speaker. IIo
refers, then, to the future. He refers
to Congress, und notices what they
arc doing. He says the lawyers are
in power, and what do they care?
They have added $300,000,000 to tho
national debt, lie asks if the South
is to be re-admitted under tho milita?
ry bill, and says that Stevens holds
the reins; confiscation comes next.
He predicts that Congress will bring
on a financial crash in thc fall, lay it
on the Administration policy, aud
wlien everything is broken, Congress
will meet iu the winter, pass Ran?
dall's bill putting greenbacks in place
of national bank bonds, pass another
bill for paying duties on imports in
greenbacks-in other words, giving
thc country one currency. Ile said
this would make all happy for thc
Presidential election for 1SGS. Ho
illustrated his position by saying na.
tional delirium tremens requires na?
tional whiskey, and the national
whiskey will make all vote for tho
Thc contrast drawn by the speaker
has much truth, and wo may well
say, as loyal citizens, "Cod save the
--? -o ?. ?
SAUCE FOB THE GOOSE, ?fcc.-A
Washington correspondent says that
Sumner has prepared a bill forcing
negro suffrago on every Northern
State, under the pretence that it is
authorized by the second section of
tho constitutional amendment, which
abolished slavery. Both Wilson and
Sumner declared their determination
to force tho negro suffrage on thc
Northern States, Connecticut in?
cluded, by Act of Congress.
All right; let us livo under equal
laws; what is sauce for tho gooso is
sanco for the gander.
-? ?? ?>---.
Prussia and France aro spoiling for
a fight. Wait until tho big show' is
AK Itinerant Bohemian.
A brief reference was made, in oar
Tuesday's issue, to a letter written by
one of the traveling correspondents
of tho New York Herald, dated from
this city. We make the following
extracts for the edification and amuse?
ment of our readers:
Columbia, too, shows tho marks of
the fire and fury that war has swept
over her, and there aro no signs of
an immediate resuscitation from the
trance into which she has been cast.
For, although two years of pence
have intervened, the long streets nre
still presided over by the gaunt chim?
neys and ornmbled walls whioh mark
tho track of tho destroyer. Tho peo?
ple, in conversing upon political
topics, profess to be perfectly reck?
less as regards the consequences of
the reconstruction bill, although I
havo seen several legal gentlemen,
who are now practicing in this city,
worked up to a severe fit of passion
by the remembrance of the fact that
they aro disfranchised by the new
Act, while thoir negroes are given
the right to voto in their stead. The
chief politicians, Gen. Hampton and
others, who led the peoplo of this
Distriot through their influence,'
after having made a desperate effort
against the adoption of the constitu?
tional amendment and other demands
of the dominant party, finding that
they have forced upon them the dread
alternative, have switched off on a
now track, and, actuated apparently
by spitefulness alone, have taken to
advocating negro suffrage as vio?
lently as they formerly opposed it.
This is undoubtedly with the spiteful
design of giving tho radicals an over?
dose of their own medicino in tho
shape of a completely African repre?
sentation of the South in Congress.
Everything indicates that this is tho
programme adopted by at least tho
politicians of this section of tho
State, who have evidently boon
around among the planters near and
far in thc District, for all of them
whom I have visited confirm this sus?
picion by their reticouco ns well as
by their hints. That Wade Hampton
should toke part in a negro meeting,
and address the assemblage on the
subject, surely argues this design.
On last Monday, however, tho ne?
groes of this vicinity took a bold step
in tho way of an open endorsement
of tho action of Congress. A pro?
cession of about 300 colore^, mon,
headed by a band of colored musi?
cians aud bearing banners, on which
were inscribed appropriate mottoes,
and one of which bore a likeness of
President Lincoln, marched through
tho streets of this city and held a
mass meeting on thc outskirts. There
were about 1,500 colored persons pre?
sent, but very few whites. General
Wade Hampton and several lawyer
politicians of this District made
speeches conciliatory to the negro
spirit. Hampton especially played
well the part of a demagogue, an?
nouncing himself as tho friend of the
nigger, and inviting the latter to stay
and make his home forever at the
South, where ho was born, assuriug
him ol' good treatment and a chance
to make a living as well as to vote.
Several lawyers followed in the same
straiu, and succeeded in impressing
the negroes veVy favorably.
In thc evening, the darkies had a
very largo torch-light procession,
aud were addressed by several promi?
nent men of tho city, before whoso
residences they appeared by invita?
These politicians, finding that
there is a probability of the negro
becomiug a voter in spite of all they
can do or say, conclude that it is to
their interest to conciliate him, and
hence this sudden outburst of mag?
niloquent sentimentality aud affec?
tion. It may be earnest .and fair,
but I seriously doubt it. There is
some hiddou meaning in theso sud?
den professions; some sly artifice
concealed beneath this smooth sur?
face of smiles and these professions
of fraternal regard for t he black man.
The very men who did the specch
makiug on this occasion aro firmly
opposed in private arguments to the
step taken for tho political advance?
ment of tho class which they ad?
dressed so plausibly. The Columbia
lawyer, Mr. Arthur., who professed in
his speech to be in favor of tho move?
ment, since it would elevate tho
status of the negro, talked altogether
differently the day before in a con?
versation with several of his fellow
lawyers; aud though his influence
and his furious denunciation of tho
constitutional amendment has aided
in holding South Carolina back on
tho verge of the precipice where she
now stands. On the evening of the
procession, a lawyer named Blank
man made a speech in front of his
residence to the blacks, but after tho
procession had moved on, chuckled
with a number of his friends at hav?
ing done tho thing just right, neither
having said too much nor too littlo
for their purpose. Theso men have
nightly meetings, but are very guard?
ed in thoir public expressions of
opiniou. They ovidently mean work,
and those who really intend to act
rarely talk much. Theso men aro
wily, wiry, thin, kecu-oyed, tall,
lean, spectral in figuro and looks,
and, os will bo shown somo day not
far distant, nre dangerous to their
fellow-citi:.ens aud to the country at
large. They are evidently playing
for power, and are determined to
obtain it by whatever subtorfugo,
though tho result may bo the degra?
dation or ruin of their State
Au old farmer, one of the poor
cl asa, residing about fifteen miles
from here, West of the- Cori garee
River, in Lexington District, in con?
versing on tho subject of reconstruc?
tion, declared that there would be no
trouble but for the lawyers, who
wero stirring up discord and main?
taining troublo for their own pur?
"That's just what was the matter
with our war," said the old man;
"wo had too many lawyers a holdin'
of it, and they've just made a sorry
looking country of this. They'll
never stop until they have ruined all
of us, or else have got their object,
and that is all the offices and all the
profits. They didn't go into the
wnr-none of 'em, I noticed-al?
though they made it, bat they forced
us all in. When the proposition was
made in the Confed?rate Congress
that tho members should adjourn and
go into tho army as private soldiers,
how many on 'om voted for it? Jest
ono, tho mau that proposed it; and
that's tho way they always do.
They'll keep the State in hot water
till thoy gain their ends, but they
won't suffer themselves."
I endorse tho old man's opinions
in reference to the political strate?
gists now operating in Columbia and
the district round about. They havo
their own interests to subserve, and
they regard no considerations of pub?
lic welfaro or political good. If they
could he removed, tho honest and
untrammelled sontiment of the peo?
ple might find expression, and gonn
me peace and prospority might bo
re-established iu this unhappy State.
ANNIVERSARY DINNER OP THE
CHARLESTON CHAMBER OF COMMERCE.
Tho Charleston papers publish long
accounts of tho anniversary dinner of
tho Chamber of Commerce, which
was given in the spacious aud olegant
banquet hall of the Charleston HoteL
Gen. Sickles, Gov. Orr and a number
of other civil and military dignitaries
were present, nud the utmost good
feeling prevailed. The first regular
toast-"The State of South Caroli?
na"-?was responded to by Gov. Orr
in a long and eloquent address of a
historical diameter, in which ho an?
nounced that the Democratic pal ty
had been found wanting, and should
be buried with the past. The Go?
vernor was listened to with marked
attention, and his remarks were seve?
ral times grouted with rounds of ap?
Wo learn that a fire occurred at
Timmonsville, S. C., on Sunday
night last, by which the Temperance
Hall, tho dry goods store of Mr. C.
J. Coney, underneath, and thc dry
goods and grocery store of Mr. D. A.
McEnchcrn, adjoining, were de?
WHERE SHALL WK TURN?-The New
York Herald is veering round, and
tho needle of tho political compass
has passed by the extremists to point
steadily at thc inoderatists. From
the moderate men alone, according
to tho Herald, may the country ex?
pect moderate and wiso measures;
and pity it is that this conclusion had
not been reached before the Herald
had done all in its power to inflame
the passions of the bitterest of the
radical party. However, the metro
politau daily reserves tho right to
change its opinion, and accordingly
and inconsistently says:
There is ono section of politicians
to whom the nation is beginning to
turn its eyes with a hopeful confi?
dence. The moro conservative of
tho Republican party, who have
long been in the minority, ure already
making their inilnence felt. Now is
their opportunity. If they would
givo a new tone to aud tako the lead
of the party with whom they have
been acting, or if they would organize
a new party on a broader and nobler
basis, they never can have a moro
fitting opportunity. Tho nation is
sick of strife and divisions. Wiser
and more temperate counsels are
needed. Thc change of feeling which
has taken place in tho South seems
to have begotten a corresponding
change in the North. Restoration
cannot bo more anxiously longed for
in thc ono caso than it will be heartily
welcomed in the other. 13y dint of
skillf ul management, North and South
may soon be knit together in tho
bonds of a happy Union. But the
crisis is delicate. Extreme measures
may mar and ruin the whole. Wis?
dom and caution are in tho highest
degree necessary. There is no party
whoso counsels aro more suited to
the occasion than those of conserva?
tive Republicans. Theirs is tho op?
portunity, if they will only embrace
it. If they fail to take advantago of
it, it is impossible to predict into
what disorganization tho Republican
party may be thrown, or what may bc
tho parties and measures of tho fu?
ture. If they seize it and provo
themselves worthy of tho occasion,
they shall have the honor, not only
of restoring tho Union, and thus of
wiping out tho last trace of our un?
happy domestic divisions, but of
building up a great and powerful
party which shall control tho desti?
nies of this nation and guide her in
her onward and upward pathway of
prosperity and glory for at least the
next half century.
MESSRS. EDITORS OF THE PHONIX:
Will you please td allow ir/e space in
your paper to reply to the statements
of S. B. Thompson npd A. Williams,
or 1 shoo?d have said, statements of
some persons unknown to me, but
published over their names.
S. B. Thompson says, first, that
the resolution that was not published
he did not approve, and that it did
not pass the meeting. I assert that
it did pass, but ho fenrs to publish it.
The composition that was got up by
Thompson's allies is well got up-pity
'tis not truo. The missionary that
ho speaks of came here in December
last, and called a meeting of thc
freedmen. At that meeting, ho ad?
vised the colored people to send threo
delegates to Washington to offer uni?
versal amnesty for universal suffrage.
S. B. Thompson was one of the dele?
gates chosen; but, unfortunately for
him, but lucky for his constituency,
he tried to make a speech in favor of
universal suffrage. i\lr. Pickett then
rose and made some remarks, when,
to the utter aetonishment of every
person present, Thompson again rose
up and tried to make a speech in
favor of partial su ff ruge. Great was
the indignation of tho people, when
they found out, from his voice, that
it was not the lion, but a certain ani?
mal that had on the lion's skiu;
though they did not see the ears, they
knew tho voice. Bo, nt the meeting
in January, tho election in December '
was set aside, and the gentleman who
could make, or tried to make a speech
on both sides, the samo night, was
left out in the cold-ho only getting
eight votes, and Pickett thirty-four.
At this meeting, I opposed the policy
of instructing our delegato to offer
universal amnesty for universal suf?
frage; and if tho same state of things
were existing now ns then, I should
voto against it now. The cruel treat?
ment to my race, then, had, or should
have, aroused tho indignation of every
man that had one drop of negro blood
in his veins; and you will allow me to
say, here, that 1 feel as proud of
having sprung from that race as if I
had thc blood of the Howards or
Percys coursing through my veins.
When I saw my pcoplo wore driven
off without any pay for their services,
half-starving, with their children beg?
ging for bread, day after day, and
reports como of cruel murders com?
mitted in thc upper Districts upon
the freedmen, (I had done every?
thing iu my power to get justice for
them, but the authorities seemed
powerless,) I then felt as if every
colored mau should leave tho State,
aud said so publicly. I have ever
defended tho rights of my race from
those that would oppress them; and
from tho reports, and from tho suf?
fering that I then saw, my feelings
wero bitter against tho ruling powers
in this State; and feeling so, I had
tho manhood to say so, and to so act.
When I saw my people rushing from
tho State, Westward, I felt proud to
see that they would not stand oppres?
sion in their native State longer
they showed the true Carolina spirit.
Thompson mentioned the name
of Gen. Hampton. Now, Gen. Hamp?
ton's name was not mentioned at that
meeting; but there is a set of men in
this community to whom truth is
stranger than fiction. The name of
Gen. Hampton seems as terrible to
evil-doers nowa? tho horn of Roderic
Dhu was in days past. 1 never had
spoken to Gen. Hampton that I know
of until I met him on tho stand, on
the 18th of March; but when I hoard
the noble sentiments expressed there
by him and other gentlemen-thc
representativo men of thc District-I
threw down tho hatchet, and called
on my people to do tho same, and to
meet our white citizens half way in a
Christian-like spirit. I repeat, I am
for thc honer and interests of my
State. I feel happy at the chango in
the public sentiment towards my peo?
ple, and I believe that I am safe in
saying that it is mutual.
Now for Alexander, the copper?
smith, who asks mo some questions.
When tho convention met in Wash?
ington, on tho 10th of January, I was
in Mobile, on my way to Louisiana.
When I returned here, Mr. Pickett
had returned home. Ho told me that
when ho offered the namo of Govor
nor Orr to the convention, that the
people all cried out, "Treason! trea?
son!" This is all that I know of it.
This was in January. I arrived in
Washington on the 1st of March; on
the 2d, I was present when the
enfranchisement bill passed the
House, and clapped my hands at its
passage over tho veto of tho Presi?
dent. He can't seo how I can bo a
Union mau and a South Carolinian.
I don't suppose he can; for tho Flo?
rida fever and thc Ely grip is enough
to destroy a stronger mind than his.
His statement about confiscation is
false. I never was in favor of it. I
opposed it in tho convention of 1805.
I endorse tho lotter of Gerrit Smith
to Mr. Garrison, that peace without
confiscation is worth moro to tho
whole nation, and particularly to tho
black man, than confiscation without
peace. Poor as ho is, tho black man
needs peaco more than property; and
having peace, he will not long lack
property. But it seems, Mr. Editor,
that Tray, Blanche, Sweetheart and
the whole pack isnftorme. The Flo?
rida traveler, while in tho terrible
igony of tho Ely grip, whispers
through his chattering teeth, "Nash!"
Now, there is a crowing old hen in
this place, who has a bad reputation
for kackling without laying, and has
'ttiscd such a hub-bub that sho has
caused the resurrection, of a dead
duck in Washington, who astonishes
the w hole feathered tribe by rushing
from the barn-yard quacking. But
is there no cure for this awful plague
that ray two friends have? It is said
that those whom the gods would de?
stroy they first mako mad. One of
theso mon has office on the brain; tho
other has the Ely grip. God grant
them a safe deliverance.
W. B. NASH.
COLUMBIA, April 2.
Acqulaltlon of Hnulan Antrrlcn.
It lins been annouueed by tele?
graph that the President communi?
cated to the Senate, on Saturday, a
treaty with Bussia, by which the
latter power cedes to the United
States all her territories in North
America for $7.000,000.
The New York Hefald, of Sunday,
making the announcement, says:
Although a price is sot upon the
territory thus surrendered, it is in
fact merely nominal, the value of the
fisheries and the fur trade alone to
our enterprising people being vastly
iu excess of tho sum agreed upon as
the purchase money. Tho treaty is
an ovidenco of tho close aud friendly
relations existing between the two
great powers, and evince* the con?
currence of the Russian Government
in the policy which denies to Eu?
ropean monarchies tho right to build
up kingdoms and dominions on the
With Russian America in our pos?
session, it will need but tho aUnexa
tion or absorption of British Colum?
bia and Vancouver's Island to give
us the wholo of tho Pncific coast
North of Mexico as our own; and in
ono way or other this result is certain
to bo acomplished. We cannot con?
sent that our territory on the Pacific
shall bo broken between Washington
Territory and Russian America, when
the latter is fairly in our possession.
It will bc well for England if she is
discreet enough to profit by the
example of Russia, and to withdraw
gracefully from a continent where
her institutions are out of place
and where her intrigues can only
bring trouble upon her colonies and
humiliation to her Government n?
Tho acquisition of the now terri?
tory is of especial importance nt the
present time, when the trade of the
United States with China and Japan
is being so satisfactorily developed.
The Baltimore Sun comments as
The whole aroa is about 380,000
square miles,- but the strip along tho
coast from tho 54th to tho 60th
degree of latitude is only from
twenty to sixty miles broad, yet it
cuts out perhaps one-half of the
British territory of Columbia from
the sea, the Russian lino oxtendiug
some 400 miles, and ceasing at Port?
land Inlet. The greater portion of
the territory lies between the 142d
and 1 Goth degree of .longitude, and
the GOth and 71st degree of latitude.
Portland Inlet is in about the samo
parallel as the most Northwardly
portion of Canada. On the North,
Russian America is bounded by
Behring's Straits and the Arctic
Ocean. Tho population is now esti?
mated at about 70,000, of which
some -10,000 to 50,000 are Indians
aud Escmimaux, tho remainder being
Russian, Creoles, Kodiaks, kc. The
principal settlomcnt is New Archangel,
said to contain 1,000 inhabitants, on
tho island of Basanow orSitka. Tho
other chief islands are Prince of
Wales, Kodiak, Numvak and St.
Lawrence, forming with numerous
others, tho Aleutian Archipelago.
There aro also tho settlements of
Michaclovski on Norton Sound, Sou
waroff on Kvichack Biver, Fort St.
Nicholas on Aliaska River, St.
George Factory on Priblov Island,
and a factory on St. Paul Island. A
great portion of tho country, how?
ever, may bo considered uninhabi?
table, but the Southern and coast
portions of it aro considered valuable
for tho fur trade and fisheries. It
will afford ns commercial advantages
upon tho Pacific, and a strategic
position in a naval sense, which may
bo made available for many purposes.
It will also givo us possession of a
large extent of country through
which the overland telegraph is car?
If this treaty is ratified, as most
probably it will be, the British au?
thorities will be sandwiched in British
Columbia, by the possessions of tho
United States on the North and on
tho South of them. Hence tho an?
nouncement of the negotiation of
this treaty is said ; to havo caused a
lively sensation in Washington. What
may be its ultimate effects on British
power in tho extreme Northern
region in question is an interesting
subject for speculation. Tho thought
naturally suggests itself that it may
lead to further acquisitions there, on
the part of tho United States, in
time, through similar peaceful
negotiations with Great Britni)-tho
interest and convenioncc of both
parties mutually working to that
end. It is suggested that Russia
cedes her American territory for the
sanio reasons that induced Napoleon
to sell Louisiana. That is, haViug
ilesigns in Europe, in tho event of a
war, sho would probably loso this
territory. But, apart from that, the
cession to tho United States at this
timo is the fruit, itt part, of tho
extremely friendly relations which
liave been maintained between our
3wn and the Government of tho Czar.
CIUCDTIAKS! CIRCULARS !-Commer?
cial and other circular?, in the various
forms-note, letter and commercial
post-neatly printed in our Job
Office, and wi* work of this descrip?
tion finished in thc best style of print?
ing, and at moderate prices.
MAPS.-Mr. Joel Kctchuni adver?
tises for sale a vario ty of large maps
of tho world, North America and
smaller ones of the different States.
As he is a general agent, he is pre?
pared to appoint sub-agents. We
aro iudebted to him for a copy of the
equestrian portraits of Confederate
Generals, gotten up on rollers. If
you want to decorate your walls, give
Mr. K. a call, at Mr. Jackson's dry
Jon PRINTING.-The Job Office of
the Phoenix is as complete as any in
tho South. It is furnished with new
fonts of type of all descriptions and
of the most modern styles. All work
executed promptly, with taste and
skill, und at reasonable rates.
FOR NEW YORK.-Messrs. Street
Brothers A Co. advertise to carry
passengers from Columbia to New
York, by the South Carolina Railroad
and their fino side-wheel steamer
Manhattan, at the low rate of $22.50.
CARDS! CARDS!-Show cards, busi?
ness cards, visiting and wedding
cards, executed at the Pltviiix Job
Office, in the neatest styles of the.
art. Cards of all sizes constant!}'
on hand, and all orders from town or
country promptly attended to.
"HUNTING A HOME IN BRAZIL.'"
We aro indebted to the author, Dr.
J. McF. Gaston, for a copy of this
instructive and truly interesting work.
It is written in the style of a journal,
and gives a truthful aceouut of the
agricultural resources and other cha?
racteristics of thc country; also, the
maimers and customs of the inhabit?
ants. It is a book of nearly 400
pages, and will repay perusal. Copies
can be obtained at the bookstore of
P. B. Glass, Esq.
Snow POSTERS, HANOI? LDS, AC.
Our supply of type and facilities of
press-work enable us to turn out from
the Phcenix oflico the most attractive
styles of posters, hand-bills, Sec., at
short notice, and in the most satis?
PLAYING "TERRITORY."-A Colum?
bus paper sa) s that people with cer?
tain propensities must not imagine
that because we live in a territory,
the commons around Columbus are
prairies, and that the cattle ou them
buffaloes, or that anybody has a
right to kill and eat them L?e they
would a calf on the open plain.
Several mistakes of this kind have
occurred lately in that yicinity, but^
they are just such ones as lead men
to the penitentiaries. Imagination is
a pretty good thing, but it don't
NEW Anvcnri.si:iiKNTs. -Attention id call?
ed tc. the following advertisements, which
are published thia morning for the first
S. II. Myers A Co.-Competition.
D. C. Peixotto-Boots, Shoes, Ac.
Fisher A Heinitsh-Midnight Raid*
Street Bros. A Co.-Steamer Manhattan.
Joel Ketchum, jr.-Maps, Portraits, Ac.
J. C. Dial-Limo, Cement, Ac.
J. A T. It. Agnew-Prunes, Raisins, Ac.
Alonzo Heese- Barbering.
Thoa. H. Wade-Tax Notice.
LETTER FROM GOVERNOR PICKKNS. -
Tho following is an extract from a
letter received by a gentleman in New
York from cx-Gov. Pickens, of South
"You know the desolation of our
conntrj' has mined us all, and AVC are
in great poverty. God only knows
whether we will bc enabled to gather
this year's crop, and the policy of the
Government forbids all enterprise,
and puts it utterly out of our reach to
raise any money now on any terms
whatever. Wo would gladly sell half
of our lands for support and ready
means; but, of course, no one will
purchase, with the open threat of
universal confiscation standing over
our heads, and want and starvation
before thousands of our people, both
black and white. Tho most cruel
part of it is, if possible, the first suf?
fering conics upon tho helpless black
people, who have boon innocent of
di blame, and really havo acted as
ivcll as any people would have done
nuder tho circumstances. I really
think that most men who own laud
ire struggling now to do all they can
lo for tho support ? of their former
faithful slaves. I know this is my
;ase, and it is what adds greatly tc
ny present embarrassment aud
The Boston Journal says, in speak
ng of the President's last veto: What
s the usp to bc so particular in loari?
ng and discharging a blank car
rid ge V