Newspaper Page Text
Saturday Morning, June 22, 1867.
Kiinciktloiial Needs of (he south.
Tho Now York ?Vi?MHchns had ono
or two articles under tho above cap?
tion, wbiob, in some points, are erro?
neous, and unjust towards tho people
of tho South. When it says that
"ignoranco wa3 tho primeval curso
there, (at tho South,) for slavery
was lauded as the corner-stono of safe
institutions;" when it says "tho
ruling class denounced popular edu?
cation os the prolific mother of abo?
minations;" and when it says they
"reviled thc common school system
of tho North os its most radical vico,"
it makes assortions which hnve no
foundation in truth or in fact. If
ignoranco was tho primeval curso on
the South, how comes it that she hns
sent to tho councils of tho Govern?
ment, and to ita threo departments,
moro talent, learning and statesman?
ship, in proportion to her population
and territory, than any other section
of tho country? How comes it that,
if tho ruling class denounced popular
education ns tho prolific mother of
abominations, tho Legislatures of
the several Southern States made
largo annual appropriations for the
support of common or freo schools,
as they are styled at tho South? In
this State at least, to our own know
lodge, tho appropriation for this ob?
ject was being increased yearly, and
it is probable such was tho case in
other Southern States. How comes
it, if they reviled tho common school
system of the North, that trustees
and managers of normal schools of
the South sent commissioners to ex?
amine that system, and, in ninny
cases adopted it, and frequently em?
ployed Northern teachers? These are
facts, opposed to tito bare assertions
of the Tribune.
But tho cause of thc Tribuno s in?
terest in "the educational needs of'
the South" li tho apprehension that
tho income of the munificent dona?
tion of Mr. Peabody, expressly gi ven
by that gentleman to thc causo of
education in the South and South?
west, will be misapplied. It says that
tho administr?t-on of that fund "is
of immense concern to the South and
to all of us." That is so to the peo?
ple of the section, to whom it was
donated, beyond doubt, but that it
is of any concern to tho editor, we
are at a loss to comprehend. Thc
fund is entrusted to a board of trus?
tees, composed of prominent men of
both sections, who have selected an
honorable gontlcmau as their chief
agent, and it is to bo hoped that, its
administration will be wisely con?
ducted, and independent of the Tri?
For instance, the Tribune says that
it has followed pretty closely thc edu?
cational experiments made in the
Southern States, and that tho trus?
tees "will find themselves beset with
embarrassments which will make
thoir plan hopeless of completion."
And why? Tho Tribune answers in
the two following questions; "Are
they not leaving too much to the j
Southern people? Aro they not as-1
suming moro intelligence and right
mindedness in them than exist?"
What docs tho writer mean by throw?
ing ont such imputations against the
intelligence and honesty of tho South?
ern people, especially iu a matter in
which he has no concern? .Tho pro?
duction is certainly not Mr. Gree?
ley's; for, even wero he not in attend?
ance at the Constitutional Convention
of Now York, now in session, wo
feel assured, from what he did and
said in Bichmond, he has a higher .
opinion of the Southern people Utan
ye have here quoted from his
paper. Had ho extended his tour
further South, and had ho and Mr.
Gerrit Smith addressed tho people in !
the various localities along their tour, ;
it would have boen advantageous to '
the wholo country. Besides, thoy 1
would havo seen for themselves, and !
realized tho fact that education and
educational enterprises were attract?
ing moro attention, probably, thau
ever boforo. Thoy would havo fur?
ther learned that this interest mani?
fests itself to tho Hacks as well as to
tho whites, and wo havo no doubt
they would havo arrived tit tho con?
clusion that if tho Southern people
were loft alone, they would do all in
their power to elevate and instruct ?
the people and their children of nil
classes and conditions among thom.
There were 381 deaths in New (
York city last week.
Gen. Longstreet Again.
Tho General explains* ' his former
letter ns follows :
To Hie Editor of the New Orleans
In your paper of yesterday, I no
tico tue following paragraph : "Tbero
is another very extraordinary ease
exhibited in tho publication of a Jot?
ter from ono of the bravest nnd
stoutest of the late Confederate gene?
rals, who gives iu his adhesion to a
pnrty whoso whole policy seems to
bo one of vindictive persecution and
abuso of his late confederates in
I thiuk that this paragraph is cal?
culated to mislead the public ns to
my views and my motives. If my
lotter had been published with tho
strictures, I should havo had uo cause
of complaint; or if you had ex?
plained that its whole tenor was n
desire to relieve my "lato confede?
rates in arms" of the unnatural con?
dition in which they havo boen
placed by tho progress of revolutijn,
I should oiler no coniplniut or expla?
nation upon your comments.
I am well satisfied that order can- j
not be organized out of confusion, as ?
long as the conflicting interests of j
tho two parties are to be subserved. !
Tho war was made upon Republican I
issues, and it seems to me fair and
just that thc settlement should be
Tho conviction, together with the
views expressed in my letter, and
your invitation, in March last, to
express my opinion upon politics, ure
my excuses for speaking and for
making the concessions that I think
duo, and for offering my counsel to
If I understand the object of poli?
tics, it is to relieve tho distress of thc
people, and to provide for fioir fu?
ture comfort. The course that I
advise will bo sure to meet their
view, and do justice to all. lu times
of great case and comfort, I should
not presume to iuterfere with poli?
tics, no matter what technicalities or
special pleadings might be adopted
by parties. But these aro unusual
times, and call for practical advice.
WE ARE GETTING RECOKSTUCTED.
Thc President has gone to Boston
apon invitation, where ho will be the
guest of the city. We also learn,
from our Northern exchanges, that
he has received invitations to become
the guest of tho State Governments,
of Connecticut and Rhode Island,
and the cities of New Haven nud
Hartford, in tho former State, and
Newport, in tho latter.Stute, and also
Springfield, Muss. Gov. English, of
Connecticut, nud staff, will meet thc
President at New Haven, as he pusses j
through thc State. Upon his return
from Boston, ho will pass through
Rhode Island, and remain u day or
two at Newport, whore he will be re?
ceived by Gov. Barnside.
This treatment stands in pleasing
contrast with the petty conduct of
the authorities of Philadelphia, and
indicates n revival of good feeling
between the authorities und people
of tho Northern States and cities.
THE NEW SOUTHERN WHEAT.-New
York papers mention that the first
consignment of new wheat from the j
South has reached that city. They
add that Southern millers have made
such contracts for the new wheat
that they will be able to sell hand?
some family Hour in New York for
?13 a barrel. The price of flour
nm.it tend downward, as tho pros?
pects of a most bountiful harvest of
wheat in all parts of the country mul?
The heirs of Solomon Ingraham
aro to meet at tho Astor House, in
New York, on July 24, to make final
arrangements to get possession of the
property which they claim in Eng?
land, that property being no less a
prize than tho laud on which stands
the thriving city of Leeds. The pro?
perty is valued at ?20,000,000. A
number of the heirs reside in Charles?
A Western paper3 tells us of a
"(leiniau in Chicago who wears a
beard roaching below his knees,
dthough ho is nearly six feet high.
Bo is a good deal troubled in walk?
ing lest ho should step on it, and
really does not know what to do with
it." Why docs he not wrap it up in
Iiis oars? they must bo long enough.
HIGHLY IMPORTANT DECISION.-His
Honor the Chief Justice (Chase) de?
livered, yesterday, a very important
opinion, in which Iiis associate, Judge
Brooks, concurred, to the effect that
citizens of the pretended Confederate
States who paid debts duo Northern
citizens into tho hands of Confede?
rate receivers aro not theroby dis?
charged from tho debt. The result
is, ad such debt? arc now collectable,
and parties who voluntarily paid, or
who were forced to pay over to re?
ceivers, will have their remedy at law
[igainst the receivers, who are bonnd
for funds thus unlawfully obtained.
I Raleigh Standard.
The Railroad Difficulty.
MESSRS. EDITORS: AS the renders
of your paper, both iu tho city and
country, have manifested consider?
able interest iu thc contest now going
on between thc South Carolina and
tho Columbia aud Augusta Railroads,
and as ovciy ono, especially your
couutry readers, are not sufficiently
acquainted with th*o facts to judge of
the merits of the controversy, as oue
who has been :i looker-on und ob?
server of tho different phases of the
case, I would place before them, ns
succinctly as possible, the facts 119 I
hare been enabled to learn them.
It is known that the .South Caroli?
na Railroad Company Sled a "bil?"
to enjoin altogether the construction
of tho Columbia and Augusta Bail
road, und asking that the Chancellor
might order the work upon it to be
discontinued immediately. This bill
was ably argued for several days be?
fore his Honor Chancellor Carinii.
The argument upon the side of the
South Carolina Road, many of your
readers havo doubtless seen, as it was
published in the Railroad Journal, of
one of the Northern cities, in a few
days after il was delivered before his
Honor, auel very generally dissemi?
nated, both in this city and Augusta,
by an extra issue ol' the Charleston
AeifS, which was sent "free gratis
and for nothing" to everybody and
tho "rest of mankind." His Honor
the Chancellor has not as yet ren?
dered uuy decree in the case, owing
to tho multiplicity of other coses
which required his attention.
Until a decree was rendered enjoin?
ing them, thc Columbia and Augusta
Railroad had the legal right to gOOU
with their work, under the giant ol
their charter; this charter, by the
way, is the olVspriug of that same
power which gave existence to thc
South Carolina Railroad, but this
latter is now grown so old and power?
ful and self-willed that it is disdain?
fully etchant and defiantly disdainful
of all the laws and authorities of its
Going ou with the construction ol
their work, as they thought, it wa<
not only their right, but their duty,
to do, the Columbia and Angust?
Railroael, upem attempting to put it
a crossing of the track >i thu Soutl
Carolina Railroad, were again brought
before his Honor the CluuiceUoi
upon a second "bill," asking tba
they bo stopped from so doing. Tllii
second "bill" was also argued a
some length, and dismissed by tin
Chancellor, upon several grounds
among others, that the constructioi
of tho Columbia and Augusta Rail
road across the truck of the Sont!
Carolina Railroad would do uo iu
july to the latter, whilst to delay tin
Columbia and Augusta Railroad i:
tho prosecution of their work anti
the decree iu the llrstca.se-Vhicl
might bc some uiontlu-should h
rendered, might subject them to gron
datnngo and loss. The authorities a
the .South Carolina Railroad wer
duly notified of this decision; bu
instead of acquiescing in tho decisio
of the court whose aid they had ii
vokeel, in coutempt <?f that conn
they attempted, by force of thei
own "strong arm," to prevent th
work of the Columbia and August
Railroad from being carried on i>
placing obstructions across the stret
along which tho latter passed.
Upon application to the Mayor an
Council of the city, by whom thom
and occupancy of (lie street had bec
granted to the Columbia and Aligns)
Railroael, an order was issued to tli
Agent of the South Carolina Roac
residing in Columbia, to retu n e tl
obstruction at (?nee, or it would 1
removed by the marshal of the cit;
Tho order of thu Mayor was trente1
with the same contempt that the .1
cree of his Honor the Chancellor bli
been. The Mayor then se:>tthe ma
shal to cause tho engine and car
which constituted the obstruction, 1
As soon as tho obstructions we*:
removed, the Columbia and Angus
Railroad commenced operations, ar
put in the crossing, so that the evoi
ing train of the South Carolina Rai
road passed over it without let i
hindrance. This was doue upon S
tu relay evening; UJJOU Monday eve
ing, the supervisor came up. wi
about forty hands; hit engine passi
over and went te) tho depot, but soc
returned anti begun tearing up tl
track, and cutting up the emba?)
meut of the Columbia and Angus
ilailroail for some distance up<
Puch side. The Mayor, upon heil
informed of the facts, sent ilown
force and hud tho supervisor ai
several other? of the party broug
before, him, and fined them to tl
full extent of tho law for their rioto
BOnduct. Yet, notwithstanding i
this, the authorities of the Sou
Carolina Railroad still keep an engt
standing nen:' the site of the cropsin
with "steam up,*' for tho purpose
interfering aud annoying tho wor
men when they shall again attorn
to proceed with the work; but I im
^ine, from what I hear, they w
iiave to go again.
This procedure of tho supervis
w as an outrageous defianco and co
tempt of both tho court and thc ci
latherity. I uuderstanel he boast
? and exhibited written authori
for his proceedings from ono of t
liigliest officials of tho company,
learn, also, from good authoril
that this is not the only casein whi
they have taken the law into tin
own hands; that oue of their ei
ployees, with his force of hands, toro
down the trestle-work ereoted br the
Columbia and Augusta Railroad
Company, near Granitevillo depot,
and ho also alleged that he had di?
rections from tho same ofBoinl.
There is a littleness and childish
maliciousness about these acts which
is entirely unworthy the authorities
of any responsible corporation; and I
canuot believe that the Directors of
tho South Carolina RnilrodQ, com?
posed as their board is of such fair
and honorable gentlemen as Messrs.
Furman, Rose, Gourdin, Trenholm
and others, can bo aware of and
sanction such proceedings, lt is not
possible that they could loud their
countenance to the persistent con?
tempt and defiance of the de?
crees "i tho court, and to tho mu?
nicipal authorities cd' the capital city
of their State.
15y acts such ns these, they may
bnrrass and annoy the Columbia and
Augusta Railroad Company for a
time, but the mind must be of small
comprehension, indeed, that would
expect, by such means, to arrest thc
construction of n work in which one
third or moro of tho people o? the
State arc interested in seeing carried
out. Resides, these acts of vexation
have generally to bo atoned for
through thc court, and from all the
manifestations o? opinion that I
boar, the Columbia and Augusta
Railroad Company need not stint
themselves in their demand for da?
mages in the action which I hear
tbev have instituted.
THE SOUTH ANO THE REP?BLICAS
PAKTY.-The Richmond Whig, iu
speaking of registration and tho duty
of thc people of Virginia in regard
to it, has the following very sensible
'.Congress rules the Government,
and the Republican party rules Con?
gress. That party we, therefore, have
to convince, satisfy aud conciliate.
No other party has, or is likely tc
have, power over us. If wo seek tc
satisfy atty other party, or to curry
out our preferences merely, without
Consulting the views or meeting tbt
exactions of the dominant party, w<
will inevitably fail in what wu desiri
to accomplish, viz: the rehabilitatioi
of the Sta ie. We therefore admo
nish the people of Virginia to bc cir
cumspect, cautious ana wisc, and U
approach the great subject before
them with clear heads and cool tem
pets, and deal with it as tho groa
business affair upon which all otho
business affairs are dependent, muk
ing up their minds so to act in refer
once to it as to secure aud promob
the present and future welfare of th i
uftlicted Commonwealth. Are we pro
pand to become unconditional Unioi
niiu? Ave we prepared, for the prc
sent, to waive the high scats, and t<
be contL-Mu to co-operate in tho worl
of reconstruction, so as to secure i
State Government that will proteo
us, and to be admitted into partici
patton iu the Federal Government, o
will we determine to engage in
hopeless, exasperating and suicidu
contest with Congress and the doini
nant party? If we should organiz
against them, and out-vote them n
tho approaching elections, would no
our victory bo our mm? These ar
questions for our people not only t
consider, but decide, aud thu
The French and English post;
authorities have umler considerado
the establishment of an internntioni
system of money orders between thei
respective countries. Tho idea iqi
pears to be a good one, and migi
probably be extended to the Unite
States to meet th?'wants of emigrant
who aro constantly sending moue
to the old country. So long ns th
Government insists on carrying th
mails it may as well do it thoroughly
The Memphis Appeal, of the 12tl
commenting upon tho outrages com
mitted by Brownlows militia, tug?
the enrollment of concervative me
in a regular military orgnnizatiot
to bo a civic guard, at tho dispos
lion of tho olliccrs of tho law, wher
these are fit to bc trusted, to kee
the pence in spite of them, whci
they are not; and to overawe tli
turbulent clements that threaten civ
The Albany Evening Journal say
that Gen Grant "stands alono an
prominent like Chimborazo arnon
tho mountains." To which tl
Argus adds that "he smokes lil
Vesuvius, and if he is nominate*
Chase will show a loftier pique."
A HOTEL FOI; WTLMINOTON.-M
Purcell, the indefatigable, aceomm
Sating, and courteous proprietor i
thc Mills Houso, is going to ere
it hotel of tho first magnitude, ai:
DU the most improved plan, in Wi
alington, N. C.
In consequence of tho represent
lion of France aud Austria, the arl
tra ry measures adopted toward t!
lew's by the Government of tl
Danubian Principalities have at om
In New York, the police aro fe
roting out gift humbugs-who st
mormous prizes at one dollar euc
ind keep the money of their victim
When will people learn comme
The expedition to Africa to scan
for Dr. Livingstone has sailed fro
At the Republican State Con ve:
..iou of Lousiana, Gen. Sheridau pr
leets free discussion.
JOB PRINTING. -Thc Job Ofllce of
tho Phoenix is ns complote as any in
tho South. It is furnished with new
fonts of typo of all descriptions and
of the most modern styles. All work
executed promptly, with taste and
skill, and at reasonable rates.
THE HOSE REEL.-The new hoso
reel to bc presented to tho Indepen?
dent Fire Company, of this city, by
tho Volunteer Firemen's Association,
of New York, in the place of that
which was unfortunately lost in the
i Andalusia, will be shipped from New
York on the 22il instant. A commit
: tee from New York will have the reel
in charge. Wo learn, through the
Charleston Mercury, that it will bc
on exhibition in that city for a few
days, before being sent to Columbia.
REMEDY i ou DCLL TIMES.-The
lu st remedy for dull times is to ad?
vertise freely. "Merchants should not
let their stocks stay shelved until
they become old, stale and unprofit?
able, for the sake of the small ex?
pense it would cost them to adver?
tise. If they try :'i regularly and
persistently, they will find the in?
vestment to be a paying one.
Tar. CONTENDING RAILROADS.-We
publish, this morning, a communica?
tion on this subject, ?ind take occa?
sion to remark that the object of this
journal is to give a correct statement
of facts, from either party interested.
Wc have no preference, and arc 110
partisans of either company, and
desire merely to give information to
our readers as to the grounds of con?
troversy. We have, therefore, omit?
ted some passages in the present com?
Ur-Hllili DIMNESS.-Une of thc
slowest, and hardest, and most un?
necessary jobs ? vcr undertaken, is
for a man to build up a successful
business without advertising. Fifty
or a hundred years ago it was easier,
because there '.va- Uss competition,
and the facilities tor getting adver?
tisements before the publie were not
so good; but in thc jostle of modern
competition, those who sit down and
Mnit for customers are almost sure
not to get many of them, while by
judicious advertising a man may, in
six weeks, make his name and busi?
ness as fr* 'inr to the public as those
of his co?. tliors of twenty years'
Tu:: SOUTHERN OPINION.-Wc have
received the first issue of this weekly
journal, owned and edited by H.
Rives Pollard, who, during the late
unfortunate conflict, was .in ardent
and devoted friend of the lost cause.
This paper is a weekly journal, pub?
lished in Richmond. It contains
various departments, political, lite?
rary, sketches and reminiscences of
the war. This paper, in typographi?
cal execution, will attract attention
as equal to that of any published in
the country. Its literary department
will Lc under tho supervision of Paul
H. Hayne, of this State-a guaran?
tee that it will be managed accept?
ably to its readers. The political
department of the journal is under
Mr. Pollard's special care, we pre?
sume. In tho number before us, he
"We re-enter to-day the fields of
journalism. We do soin no partisan
or incendiary spirit. What the war
has decided for us is a forgone con?
clusion, and, in connection with the
bravo people of the South, wo bow
to the inexorable and irreversible
decrees of fate."
We publish the following from an?
other editorial, which, to those who
know H. Rives Pollard's antecedents,
will create some surprise. It shows,
however, the sagacity and patriotism
of Mr. Pollard. He says, and ita?
licises the language:
"Our safety and tho security of
unborn generations can bo served
only through the narrow tile of gene?
These two brief extracts indicate
tho political views of the Opinio) .
We wish thc able editor all the suc?
cess due to his experience and talents.
Phtenix and Gleaner are the only
papers in the State, outside of the |
city of Charleston, that receive and
publish the latest telegraphic de?
spatches, market reports, etc.-r-Anie
rican and European. Recollect, also,
that the news in these publications is
Famished throughout tho upper Dis-?1
tricts twenty-four hours ahead of the ,
Charleston papers. The subscription
to the diuly is ?SS a year; tri-weekly ;
3, and wcfo ly $3.
Cyclopaedia of Biblical. Theological
nud Ecclesiastical Literat uro. pre?
pared by tho Rev. John MoClir.
'tock, D. D., and Janies Strong, S
T. D. Vol. I-A. B. Now York
Harpers ft Brothers, publishers.
Franklin Square. 1807.
Such is the title of nu clegaut vo?
lume of 947 pages, royal Svo, con?
taining nbont 3,280 articles, and :JT
I splendid illustrations-the whole
work to be completed iu "about sir
volumes." The student of the Bible
will hail with pleasure tho advent of
the first universal cyclopaedia upon
sacred literature. There was a blank
which this work nspires to fill, and
docs it well. Cyclopaedias are recog?
nized as a necessity to the modern
student in all branches of science.
Knowledge hus been extern.ed aud
authors havo multiplied until it is au
evident impossibility for a mau of
activo habits to explore nil tho varie?
ties of opinion in any department
j the only remedy against embarrass?
ing ignorance is the system of cyclo?
paedias. True, ns the preface tells
us, the dictionary und cyclopaedia
cannot usurp the place of the great
masters in disciplining tho mind:
no system eau ever displace rigid
study, and no device "an claim
to be of equal Value to the young
mind with tho society of the great
thinkers. But, looking elsewhere
for training and mental exercise, the
cyclopaedia is invaluable as a source
The volume before us is a success.
Doubtless, succeeding investigations
will add to the accuracy and extent
of its contents. Students of differ?
ent views must occasionally dissent
from its opinions ou controverted
points; but there is nothing that
savors of sectarian controversy in
any of the articles perused by us,
while we add our poor testimony to
the patient research of the contribu?
tors and to the artistic skill of thc
REMITTANCES TO THIS OFFICE.-As
: several letters have failed to -each u~.
? wc desire to say to all OUT friends who
! may bo niakiug remittances to this
office, to do r.o either by "registered"
letters or through the agency of the
Southern Express Company. Thc
latter is a reliable and sate mod?.- oi
transmission on any line over which
it does business. Wo hope those iu
terested will attend to this request.
NEW ADVEBTls???l?Ts.*~Attention U <-;...
vd to the following advertisements, wkicb
are published this morning ter the tirs:
D?the it Chapman-New Buck''.
Joel Ketohutn ..Y. Co.-Sewing Machines
John MeCammon-To Kent.
Apply at this Ofliee-Lot for Sab
Some four weeks ago, anticipating .t \i
heavy decline iu goods, Mr. II. C. bhtver ?
coinmouccd bis grand clearing sales, which
was a success; for the decline has come,
ahd with it a'large lot of new goods. So
that his will be tue place to buy new- gool-;
and at low prices.
Colorado is in a ferm??t. The
Indians are sweeping all before them,
killing men and women, robbing
mails, stampeding cattle, and fright?
ening the people so much that their
ranchos are being deserted by the
dozen. Large numbers of Indians
arc reported on tho way from the
North. Tho whites complain bitter?
ly that Sherman has sont his troops
.'500 miles away, aud left the route
unprotected. The authorities, Gov.
Hunt, Secretary Hall, Chief Justice
Hallet, and others, have petitioned
the President, in the strongest terms,
to grant them protection.
A Canadian, at Hamilton, suggests
a new Hag for the New Dominion.
Ho proposes tho Union Jack in the
corner and the rest of the bunting
filled in with four colors, red, white,
blue and green. On the shield it
is proposed that the beaver take the
place of tho three lions passant and
that the maple leaf should be en?
twined with the rose, the shamrock
and the thistle.
AK ABSCONDING BANKER.-Samuel
Lyons, a promineut banker of Mo?
bile, eloped from Mobile a few days
since, with $50,000 that didu't be?
long to him. The affair created con?
siderable excitement in financial cir?
Mrs. Rood, living in Wayne, Mi?
chigan, was stung on tho eyelid by
a bee, a few days ago, auel sank
down and died almost instantly.
The medical people think death was
the effect of fright.
The prospects of the cotton croj
in this section is being greatly da?
maged by lice, and iu addition to
thom tho rainy weather is injuring
the plant very much. Corn is, how
ever doing well.-Marion Crescent.
To enforce the practice of vaccina?
tion a bill has been introduced iftto
the British Parliament. Its on vi?
sions are very stringent. It is esti?
mated that 10,000 people died o:
Hiuttll-nox in Great Britain last year.
The Cunard Steamship Company
bav? placed another fine new steam?
ship on their line, named the R'i->-. i