Newspaper Page Text
Thursday Morning, July 4,1867.
Th? Fourth or Joly. J.
There was a time-auto-ball um
when this national holiday brought
with it joyous memories of the glo?
rious past, and kindled in the hearta
of old and young glowing emotions
of patriotism and pride, which were
exhibited in varions demonstrations
of rejoicing. Then, we were aroused
at day-break by the thunders of ar?
tillery, the rattling peals of bells, the
feu de joies of our volunteer compa?
nies, through our streets, before
breakfast, and the frolics of the
youngsters with pistols and fire
oraokers throughout the entire day
winding up with, probably, a display
of fire-works in the park. But six
sad and weary years havo intervened
since such a celebration, and have left
us with scanty means to make suita?
ble demonstrotion of our patriot: ;ni
and respect for the day. Poverty
stricken, crushed in spirit, depressed
in view of their political future, the
people of tho South will scarcely be
expected to celebrate the day with
that joyousness and hilarity which
characterized their celebrations in by?
But there aro many good reasons
why tho day should be observed-if
not w ith tho usual noisy popular de?
monstrations, at least with honor aud
respect. Tho principles enunciated
by thc representatives of the Ameri?
can colonies, this day ninety-one
years ago, aro immortal, and will en?
dure so long as liberty has a placo of
refuge on this broad earth. Although
party strife and unhappy sectional
differences may have beclouded them
for the time bciug, yet we have con?
fidence and hope that they will emerge
as brightly, and with as much ra?
diance, as when they shone upon thc
American poople in the earlier days
of tho republic. Those principles
are founded upon truth and right,
and, when tho baleful fires of faction
have been quenched by tho good
strong souse of tho citizens of thc
United States, in every section, then
will they be hailed with joy, and
adopted as tho gnidiug constellation
for the people and their representa?
tives, both in State and national coun?
cils, and iu the administration ol
public affairs throughout our com?
Let the day, then, be celebrated in
the proper spirit, aud in the niodt
most befitting the circumstances iu
which we are placed; but let no oue,
bowed down by what they may con?
sider the undue pressure of the cir?
cumstances, despair of the republic.
It is au old saying, but one that hnf
beeu verified too ofteu to doubt of
its application under any and all
circumstances, that the darkest hom
is that which immediately precede.'
the dawn; so, let us hope and trust,
will it bo with our present distracted
country, that she may soon agait
become tho v. onder and admiratioi
of tho nations, for the virtue nut
intelligence of her citizens-her giaul
strides in all that make a people
great and prosperous, and their un
dying devotion to the principles o
liberty upou which was founded tin
Government of the United States o
America. To this end, let all, o
whatever rank or station iu life
resolve this day to work-to worl
continuously and effectively-unti
pencb, harmony and mutual good
will prevail throughout thc land, am
thc perpetuation of the Americai
Union be tho highest political objet
of tho people, their legislators am
their rulers. Before the next succeed
ing anniversary of the nation's birth
day, all ihi? may be accomplished
and equality, justice and right bo th
governing principles iu the adminis
tration of the affairs of o free Amcri
can Government. We wish all ou
rendors a day of rational enjoyment
and tho youngsters as much fun au?
sport as they can manage to pick up
for tho celebration of "tho gloriou
Fornoy's Press, of tho 2Gth, con
tains tho following telogrum: Letter
received hore from prominent meuj
hors of Congress indicate that at th
conting meeting of that body, th
provisional governments now exis
ing in the South will bo entirel
abolished, aud the territorial pla
advocated by Senator Sumner nn
Hon. Thaddeus Stevens somj tim
ago, adopted. Promiuont Souther
L monists declaro that while the*
governments remain in force, th<
rough reconstruction is impossible.
Snfrrnge in New York.
A New YorkConetitationai Conven?
tion bas boon in session for nome
wooka, but apparently bftlre made
very little progress. Only one com?
mittee bas reported, arni tbut is on
the everlasting question of suffrage
"manhood suffrage," as it is techni?
cally called by the professional politi?
cal philanthropists. The committee
have presented two reports-one re?
commending this manhood suffrage,
and the other urging that the ques?
tion of extending suffrage to negroes
be submitted to the people. The
committee were unanimous against
These reports will doubtless give
rise to protracted debates, but with
what result cannot be anticipated.
The measure that Congress has
forced upon the people of the South?
ern States is likely to become trou?
blesome in those States whero the
measure and its enforcement origi?
nated. It would bo something amus?
ing if they hod yet to be reconstruct?
ed in relation to this matter, and
more amusing if the Southern States,
reconstructed and restored, should be
called upon to aid in tho work. Their
people, bj' that time, will thoroughly
understand the process, and be com?
petent for the task.
But, seriously, this question of
suffrage in the States, after the Union
is reconstructed, will be found trou?
blesome, unless it be left where the
Constitution loft it-to the people of
the several States. Either this re?
turn to first principles, or a law of
Congress applying equally to all the
States, seems to bo the only way of
satisfactorily settling the question.
The former course is preferable in
every point of view, as well because
it recognizes the rights of the people
of the respective States to regulate
their internal arrangements, as be
cnuse it would almost bo impossible
to frame a uniform law that would be
applicable to all the States, having
populations ns different us their cli?
mates and soils.
Inion RoiMiblicnn Sleeting.
COLUMBIA, July 2, 1807.
At a moss meeting of the Union
Republican part}' of Richland Dis?
trict, called by tho Executive Com?
mittee of the District, to elect dele?
gates to the convention of the Union
Republican party of Smith Carolina,
Wm. Myers, Chairman of thc Execu?
tive Committee, assumed the chair,
and called tho meeting to order.
On motion, Dr. E. H. Heinitsh was
requested lo act us Secretary, but he
not being present, on motion, Pres?
ton Nowell was appointed in his
The Chairman then stated that this
meeting was called to accept or re?
ject the nomination made by the Exe?
cutive Committi e for delegates to
the Convention of the Union Repub?
lican party of South Carolina, to be
held in the city of Columbia, on the
24th day of Jilly, 1867.
The Secretary then read the nomi?
nation os follows: John Caldwell, C.
H. Baldwin, S. B. Thompson, Be?
verly Nash and Wm. Myers.
Col. T. J. Robertson rose and
stated that he was authorized by Mr.
Caldwell to withdraw his name from
the nomination, as he cannot be pre?
sent at tho time tho Convention
meets; but he wants it distinctly un?
derstood that In* desires his name to
be on the list of the Union Republi?
can party; that ho is always ready
und willing to serve that party.
The'question v. as then put, to ac?
cept tho liomin ;on made by the
Executive Committee, but it was
unanimously rejected. The following
nomination was then offered by Mr.
Hampton .Minis, which was accepted,
?iud the following committee unani?
mously elected: S. B. Thompson, C.
H. Baldwin, Wm. Myer?, Charles M.
Wilder and T. J. Robertson.
Mr. Wm. Simons, sr., in behalf of
Mr. C. H. Baldwin, stated that, on
account of hi-< health, he would soon
be compelled to leave the city to re?
cruit, und though he is with the Re?
publican party, he respectfully begs
leave to tender his resignation as a
delegate to the Convention of the
Union Republican party.
On motion, his resignation was not
On motion, the delegation elect
was callod out to address tho meet?
ing, and they responded aa follows:
S. B. Thompson, Win, Myers, C. M.
Wilder and T. J. Robertson.
On motion, tho following gentle?
men were appointed a committee of
uino to make, arrangements for the
meetiug of tho Convention: James
Davis, Dr. E. H. Heinitsh, Preston
Nowell, N. E. Edwards, W. K. Green?
field, Edward Thompson, Wm.
Smith, Wm. Simons, sr., and Gilbert
On motion, th' ?ting adjourned.
The hall was .. wiled, and the ut?
most harmony am? ^ood feeling pre
vailed; WM. MYERS, Chairman.
P. NOWELL, Secretary.
The OB ty of Registration. V:?1
A committee- appointed by a meet
I ing of the citizens of Savannah has
issued na address to the voters of
> that city, from whioh we make the
following extract, which is applica?
ble here, as we understand that some
young men, and perhaps old ones,
too, do not intend to register. "We
I advise such to read the following
. reasons put forward by the Savan?
Many cf you, we learn, intend de-,
cliuing to register your names, from
impulses springing out of sentiment
and individual pride-impulses which
we appreciate and respect, bot which
we thiuk impractical and delusive,
and calculated to distract your atten?
tion from your obvious duties and
You shrink from whnt you consider
a personal humiliation, in consenting
to submit to tho dictation of thoso
who now wield the power of the
General Government and who choose
to exerciso it despotically.
Wo entreat you to discard thoso
feelings, and to accept our calmer
judgment and counsel in this matter.
We ngreo with you in condemning
the Acts w hich Congress hos passed,
but we do not acknowledge that
there is any voluntary humiliation in
asserting the rights nllowod to us by
Granting that the Acts under con?
sideration are unconstitutional, arbi?
trary and unjust; that they violate
established principles of political
right, aud wantonly force the safe?
guards of social freedom-yet, until
ropenled or annulled by a competent
judiciul tribunal, they are tho laws of
the land in which we live. You can
"accept the situation"' with dignity j
and without sacrifice of self-respect.
Tho war is over; the issues upon
which it was waged have been de?
cided against us. You have done
your duty in that contest, but an?
other duty still devolve* upon you.
The question now is how to restore
our State to a peaceful position of
prosperity and of political freedom.
To this end, Georgia needs and de?
mands thc aid of all her sons. The
only way in which you can render
that aid is by qualifying yourselves to
bo voters at the coming election.
You eau do that only by registering
your names under the provisions of
the militar}* Acts, in no other way
eau you assume your true positions
and grasp once more the power
which is your birth-right.
If you hold back now. and refuse
to register, consider what may be
the consequences of your inaction,
and the responsibilities that, will rest
A very few votes may decido the
preponderance of power at tin- next
election. What fearful contingencies
are involved in that simple sugges?
If you refuse to register, you de?
prive yourselves of the opportunity
of voting/*"/' or against a convention,
and for or against the constitution
which that coi vent ion may adopt.
If you refrain from quahfyingyour
selves to bu voters, what guarantee
have you that the convention may
not [rame a constitution for your
State that will, on the very ground of
your default, disfranchise yourselves
and your sons forever.
Why should you disdain to e:;or
eise the right of suffrage, which has
always been yours, because it has also
been conferred upon others-when
there is more need now than ever be?
fore that you should assert it"?
Many of you who will read this
address have served your Slate faith?
fully in the Held, nuder the honest
conviction that you were simply doiug
your duty. You have carried that
honor which duty sincerely under?
taken and earnestly performed, al?
ways cou fers, lint other obligations
to that State still remain to be ful?
filled, in order to complete your re?
cord of a trust faithfully discharged.
At no time in the history ol' otu
State, did she stand more in need of
the united and unfaltering energy and
devotion of her sons in her behalf.
Immolate upon her altar all selfish
ideas. Every duty i* .stern. Every
duty demands some sacrifice of in?
terest or of feeling. He is worth no?
thing to his friends or his count ry,
who is not willing to make such sac?
rifices at tin' demand of duty.
You fearlessly exposed your lives
in defeuco of your State. Will you
hesitate now, when she is encom?
passed by new and fearful daugcrs,
io rally to her aid, when she once
more calls upon you for support?
Friends! We have shown you what
we believe to be your duty in the pre?
We entreat you to hesitate no
longer; to look upon the situation as
practical men, in tho light of reason
and common sense; and to assert to
the full extent all the rights you pos?
DFX'ADENCE OF IHELAXD.-Agricul?
tural and emigration statistics made
public by order of Parliament, show
that iu the year lbtio, tho total de
creaso of laud under cultivation in
Ireland was 129,52G acres from the
previous year. The decrease in re?
spect to the crops was chiefly in
oats, barley, potutoos, turnips and
buy. The number of omigrauts who
left the country iu tho year was
101.251, or uearly 2,000 less thau in
1865. The decrease was entirely in
the number of female emigrants, ns
nearly -1,500 more male emigrants
left the country in ISoGthan iu 1865.
INTERMISSION.-To-day being the
Fourth of July, no paper will be
Issued on Friday.
POST Omca HOURS.-The office is
open from 8 a. m. until 3J? p. m.,
and from 6 until 7 p. m. The North?
ern mail closes at 3}.i p. m., and all
other mails close at 8 p. m.
On the Fourth of July, the office
will be open from 8 to 10 a. m., and
from 6 to 7 p. m.
THE EFPECT OF ADVERTISING.-A
watch was taken out of a gentleman's
room a nighi. or two ago; he adver?
tised his loss in the Phoenix, and the
next day lind the satisfaction of again
coming into possession of his "tick?
er." So much for advertising.
MAAIMOTH VEGETARLES.-Ii the
I Fpecimeu.s we have received are fair
j samples of the vegetable crop, it
j would appear that, should there be a
small quantity, the size nud quality
will make up the deficiency. Mr.
Lamar Stark presented us, yesterday,
with a splendid Early York-not
a drum-head-hard-head cabbage,
weighing eleven pounds, grown on
his farm, near the city. Who eau
We are indebted to Mr. McCartcr
for copies of the following books
some of them new-which we shall
notice more fully in a few days: "The
Lnnd of Thor," by J. Ross Browne;
"The Last Chronicle of Bareet," a
novel, by Anthony Trollope; "The
Civil War in America," volume I, by
John W. Draper; "Tho Isthmus of
Panama and its Commercial Connec?
tions,** by F. N. Otis; "Nora and
Archibald Lee," by Agues Treniauc.
All of these works aro from the pub?
lishing house of Harper & Brothers,
REMEDY FOI: DULL TIMES.-The
best remedy for dull times is to ad?
vertise freely. Merchants should not
lot their stocks stay shelved until
they become old, stale nud unprofit?
able, for the sake of the small ex?
pense it would cost them to adver?
tise. If they try it regularly and
persistently, they will lind the in?
vestment to be a paying ono.
"THE DAV WE CELEBRATE."-Thc
, Foin th is to be celebrated by oui
citizens in a variety of ways-almost
"from grave to gay, from lively t(
severe." First and foremost, will b(
thc military programme-already
published. The scholars connect?e
with the Marion Street (Methodist
Sunday School celebrate their nine
teeuth anniversary, and we venturi
tho assertion that all who have beet
; resent on any previous occasion wi]
uot fail to attend. The muutie of tin
lamented superintendent has fnllei
upon worthy shoulders, and ever
etlbrt has been made by teachers am
scholars to kee]) up the reputation o
the Marion Street School. The exer
cises begin at ? a. m.
At the same hour, the admirers o
true horsemanship und old-timi
amusements will have an opportunity
of judgiug whether or not our younj
men are keeping up their former re
pntatiou. The tournament is to com
off on the College Green.
At ll o'clock, there will be a gene
ral celebration-reading of the De
duration of Independence, etc. Th
orator of the day, Col. R. B. Cai
pouter, is nu eloquent speaker. Col
C. is Register in Bankruptcy i
I Charleston. Addresses from othc
1 persons are also expected. The put
lie in general are invited to attend
Sec programme in advertising cc
In the afternoon, at 5o'clock, tl.? r
1 is to be a trotting match nt the roc(
course-, lt was also intended to hnv
n bnrbocne; but the idea was not cai
Our German friends, and, in fact
the citizens generally, can, doubtles!
pass a pleasant day at Mr. (?rie.shr
There is to be a festival at Janney
Hall, whero cakes, ice cream, etc
will be dispensed.
Thc "Cuban national sport" wi
be exhibited at Beraghi's, near th
Srrroivr YOUR OWN JOURNALS. -
The (ricaner, issued every Wedne?
day, from this office, defies compet?
tion as a literary and news jonrna
Thoso who subscribe to it aro kej
well posted up in the current event
of the day, as it embraces tho teh
graphic news, political, commercial
state of the markets, Ac, up to th
hour of going to press.
? ."> . ,-. -, ,. . . . - . , . ?. - . ?? . .. .
THE COLUMBIA FIRE DEPAIITMENT.
At a meeting of the above depart?
ment, held on the evening of the 1st
instant, the following r?solutions
were unanimously adopted. Let it
be distinctly understood, however,
that this is merely a dissolution of a
temporary arrangement, entered into
after the destruction of tho city, on
the 17th of February, I860-when
there was but ono complete fire ap?
paratus iu Columbia. The Phouix
Hook and Ladder Company ten?
dered the uso of their house to their
unfortunate comrades, and the Pal
mettoes and Independents joined
and "run tho machine" together.
The apparatus of the two companies
being now in complete working or?
der,? and the engiue houso of the
Palmettoes having advanced near
enough to completion to warrant its
occupation, the old organizations
have been resumed, and hereafter the
same generous rivalry which existed
several years ago will be renewed,
and the "first water" be the all-im?
portant matter. With the fervent
hope that the machines and members
will "weary of doing nothing" in the
extinguishing line, and that the good
feeling which has all along existed
may be maintained, we bid adieu to
the "Columbia Fire Department:"
Resolved, That the Columbia Fire
Department now be dissolved, aud
that the thanks of tho department be
tend? red io tho Phoenix Hook und
Ladder Company for the use of their
house and hall; also, to Capt. W. li.
Stanley, Chief, and Capt. John Mc?
Kenzie, Assistant Chief, and the
other officers of the department, for
the faithful and efficient manner in
which they have discharged their
arduous and trying duties during the
period of the existence of our de?
Resolved, That a copy of the fore?
going resolution be sent to Messrs.
Stnuley aud McKenzie and tho of?
ficers of the Pheonix Hook and Lad?
der Com pain*.
EDITING A NEWSPAPER.-Many ol
the readers of a newspaper have
little idea of the trials and difficulties
an editor has to contend with. One
who knows them by experience
Everybody finds fault with the
editor. He is common property, s(
far as abusing him is concerned. Il
ho publishes strong political edi?
torials, he displeases the conservative
members of his part}'; but if he lag!
in interest, he is pronounced a fail?
ure. If he gives his readers a little
soft sawder, he is put down for :
fool. If he discusses grave matters
he is a sentimentalist, if he divei
into dry subjects, he is called a boor
and so, between his readers, (am
particularly those who borrow theil
paper.) he gets a diger two on ul
Do these very intelligent critic
know what it is to edit a newspaper'
Some do. Wc met a gentlcmni
the etina- dav, who said he had oftei
written for his County paper whei
the editor was absent or unwell. H<
knew all about it, and thought it wa
fun. He is happy, knows a goo<
deal, but not enough about what hi
The difference between writing oe
casionnlly for a weekly newspape
and editing a daily, may not l?enme)
in the estimation of these critics; bu
it is something, as we shall suggest
To edit a daily newspaper requires ?
tireless bruin and body. Every da*
the same routine of work is to bi
done; there are the exchanges toluol
over, and perhaps an average of tel
columns therein to read each day
Then the clippings are to bo mad
ready for tho printer-n little foi
fools, ami something for wisc men
This over, there are the editorials ti
prepare, which, at times, requite 1
little reflection. If the paper is ti
ho made atti active or lively, an ave
raffe of at least five columns of thi
sort of sind* is absolutely necessary
This will take a couple of hours o
more. Then there are letters ;.:i<
communications to read and prepar
for tho type, orto answer. Then tin
I'..".". Mr. So-and-so drops in to hnv<
a word with you on something of in
forest to his flock and tho Kingdon
Eternal, whose departure is followci
by a call from gentlemen from nbroa<
or at home, who have something rc
luting to your or their interest to rc
late and talk over. Then there ar
tho proofs ot' your manuscript to pt
ruse and correct, and so on, from da
to ?lay, week to week, year to ycai
We are sometimes criticised con
corning style. Says a friend, yo
ought to reflect over your writte
views and exercise moro discretion
Ah, that is good If wo issued on
imper n week, perhaps wo w ould hav
time, if not disposition. Let hil
who would criticise us. take our pine
for one week and try his hand. Lc
him dash o?" not less than five cc
hunns of original matter daily-thirt
columns per week-one hundred am
twenty-five por month-fifteen huu
dred to two thousand per auuum
purformiug his other duties prc
perly, and then run about to wu t
pick up enough money to pay pape
bills and printers. If ho does nc
wake up in a lunatic asylum, or Con
gress, it will be because he is a greute
fool thau we take him for.
? ? f. J - ? ? ?.? --? . -S
HARP mi's MAOAZINE.-Mr. J. J.
McCnrter baa placed ou our desk a
copy of the July number of this
magazine. The "Dodge Club" are
still pursuing tbeir journey, under
varions trials and tribulations; while
the account of a "Stage Eide to Co?
lorado" will not tend to increase the
desire to visit that "far-off country."
The articles in the magazine are so
generally illustrated that, after the
older heads get through with its pe?
rusal, they can turn it over to tho
little ones as n picture book.
Jon PRINTING.-The Job Office of
tho Phonix is as complete as any iu
tho South. It is furnished with new.
fonts of type of all descriptions and
of tho most modern styles. All work
executed promptly, with taste and
skill, and at reasonable rates.
At the regular mouthly meeting of
the Palmetto Fire Eugine Company,
held ou the 2d instant, the followiug
resolution was unanimously adopted:
Resolved, That the thanks of the
Palmetto Fire Eugiuo Company are
eminently due, and are hereby ten?
dered, to those ladies ol' Columbia
who, both by presentation of wreaths
and garlands, as well ns by their indi?
vidual assistance in tho tasteful ar?
rangement of them upon the appara?
tus, contributed so much to the
beautiful appearance of our eugine
upon the recent parade.
t?sw AliVKRIisKMKNT.s. - Attention is call?
ed to the following advertisements, which
are published this morning for the tir
J. J. McCarter-Xojoque.
J. A T. It. Agnew-Crackers, Ac.
E. E. Jackson-Mustard, etc.
A. s. Wallace-Violations Revenue.
Jacob Levin- Oaf-Eight Dills.
N. Biraghi-Turtle Soup To-Day.
General Celebration at ll a. ni.
A tine lot of Desirable Goods have just
bi en opened hy Mr. lt. C. Shiver, who still
adheres to his popular principle of good
articles for little money. Read his adver?
tisement, and then examine the goods.
FINANCIAL MATTERS EN ENGLAND.
The Xew York Journal of Commerce
say i that complaint is made of the
accumulation of gold in the Bank of
England. The rate of interest is
reduced, but nobody wants to bor?
row. There is a surplus of coin be?
yond the wants of business equal to
$30,000,000. The Journal -ays:
This condition contrasts strangely
with the stuto of things one year agc,
when the monetary system of Eng?
land was passing through a serious
crisis, and discounts were difficult to
obtain, even ut the most exorbitant
rates. In May, 1800, the stock oi
gold in the Bank of England was
only ?11.000.000; now it ia nearly
?21,000,000, or soy twice as large.
; lu fact it. is at present only little
I ?liort of the maximum nnionut of
specie which the bauk hus ever held.
The Bank of Franco exhibits a simi
I lar condition-its stock of specie be?
ing ai present no less than ?33,300,
000, which is the maximum amount
of specie which that bank has ever
held. The London Globe inquires
! into the causes which have produced
the reaction, and attributes the ple?
thora of gold to the suspension of
industrial enterprise. The channels
of trade have been contracted, so
that large amounts of capital are no
longer required for business opera?
tions. The foreign trade of England
is said to have declined ten per cent,
since September last, compared with
corresponding mouths in the previ?
ous year; joint-stock enterprise i
stagnant; there are no more new
railways or publie improvements.
In the money markets of Europe, as
in the United States, there i* a tem?
OUTBREAK OF THE PLAQUE IN TI-T
EAST.-Thc Levant Herald states that
the terrible Asiatic plague has made
its appearance among thc Arabs on
the line of the Euphrates. It says:
The telegraph sends evil new - from
Bagdad. What is declared to be the
veritable Asiatic plague has appeared
at Kerbolnh, on the Euphrates, and
of the two settled And.? tribes-1.ooo
strong-whom it hus attacked, 100
have been carried oil'. A telegraphic
report, dated June 1, from the qua?
rantine inspector nt Bagdad, states
that whatever may bo the real cha?
racter of tho malady, its synitons are
clearly thosa of the pest-typhus
fever," glandular swellings, carbun?
cles and livid spots ou the skin.
The inducing causes of the outbreak
are supposed to have been the mias?
ma following tho late Hoods, the po?
verty, filth and crowded state in
which tho people live. Prompt mea?
sures have been taken by the Bagdad
authorities to prevent tho spread of
the malady, and, thanks to these and
th?, great heat of the weather, the
outbreak is said to be already subsid?
ing. In the meantime, tho Galatia
Board of Health, uta meeting held
yesterday, addressed an urgent re?
commendation to the Porto, that the
closest quarantine might be ordered
by tolegrnph. This has accordingly
been done, and a special inspector is
at once to be despatched by the board
to investigate and report on the out?
break on the spot.
Throe being? of the What-is-it race,
with human voices, but covered with
hair, have been found in Missouri.