Newspaper Page Text
Daily Paper $8 a Year
'Let oar Just Censure
Attend the Tme Event."
Tri-Weekly 85 a Year
BY JULIAN A. SELBY
COLUMBIA, S. 0., TUESDAY MORNING, APRIL 2. 1867.
VOLUME III-NO. ll.
PIT li 1.1 s II I'D DAILY AV? TM-WEEKLY.
EVERY WEDNESDAY MOHNI.VO.
BY JULIAN A. SELBY,
Office- on Main Btroot, a few doora abovo
Taylor (or Camdon) street.
Dailv Papor, B?X mon tba.i l 00
Tri-Weekly, ?? " . 2 50
Weekly, ?' " . 1 GO
SATISFACTION DEMANDED. -Wo hour
it rumored that au affair of hdnor is
on.the tapis. It scorns that a promi?
nent individual was proposed ns a
candidato for tho noxt Presidency by
a friend, on tho occasion of a Fourth
of July festival, and that talcing into
consideration what that ollice is
coming to, tho first named party
thought himself grossly insulted.
He has challenged to mortal combat,
as nothing but blood cari wash away
tho .st:iin upon him.
[Ntuo York Expressed.
The Petersburg Express says tho
registration which recently tonk
placo in tho South was not so much
to give opportunity to tho loyal voto,
ns to get tho names of thc plain and
colored in theso regions, for tho pur
poBO of ascertaining how many thora
will bo to constitute tho army to
fight tho Indians and probably
Mexico, in tho contest soon to bo
wag' i, and whore tb find them.
Don't you guess there will bo a heap
o? negroes who will disown their
REPUDIATION.-In Rochford, Me.,
they have a paper-Democratic, of
< course-called tho Bondtaxer, devoted
to bringing about tho taxation of
United States securities by Stnto and
municipal authorities. This simply
NO medicine has over been introduced
which has become so popular, both with
physician andj>atient, asPANKNIN'S HE?
PATIC BITTERS. Tin y have boon exten?
sively used, and numerous testimonials
have been received, bearing evidence of
' the undeniable fact that they never fail to
relieve dyspepsia, nausea, headache, nerv?
ous debility ami oilier diseases arisinu
from the stomach or liver. For Balo by ali
druggists. J)n. C. H. MIOT, Agent.
April 10 . tuly
Fresh Lager Beer,
DIRECT from Baltimore, in half and
quarter barrels, and by tho glass, at
jAy 21 J. 0. BEEPERS A- CO.'S.
^9 City Coupons
I ? U?OR SALE LOW.
r; I? July '21 J. C. BEEPERS .v CO.
r FRESH LEMONS.
"jj, A T*< J. C. 8EEQER8 A CO.'S.
WMjjS .wily i?
^ifOLASSES AND BACON.
0 ,? Clear Ribbed SIDES.
5 hhda. SHOULDERS. Poi-salo low by
July j S E. & O. D. HOPE.
2BBLS. CIDER VI NEO A C.
1 bbl. White Wine
.20 ?aclia BIO COFFEE.
5 bbls. Farina CRACKERS.
5 Soda "
'. .? Butter "
: " Sugar SNAPS.
2 " Hinger SNAPS. For sale low by
July l4_E. A G. P. HOPE.
Louisa , ol' Prussia and Her Time.
BY LOUISA MUHLBACU. An Hiatori
cal Navel, illustrative of the poriod of
Napoleon'^, Invasion of Oermany.
Now supply of Henry VIII and ( !t therine
F'roderick tlie Great and his Family,
Joseph ll ami his Court,
Merchant of Berlin,
Frederick tho Great and his Friends.
Prico of each of above, in cloth. ?2.
Paper-bound Novels-a now stock- -at'25
and 50 cents.
Other now and valuable Books. For sale
nt DUFFIE A. CHAPMAN'S
July 18_ Bookstore, Columbia.
Twenty-eight Pound Turnip.
110 securo a good stand, plant your seed
. about tho middle of July to August I,
This season suits tho turnip, and you will
never fail in securing a good crop. Plant
tho WINTER BUTCH TURNIP, RFD Tol?
and RUTA BAGA-the three best kinds.
All for salo at tho Seed Suire, of
JulyJ.S_ FISHER HEINITSIi.
FOR SALE Oit RENT,
ONE TWELV K-ROOM HOUSE, furnish?
ed or not. THOS. E. GREGG & CO.
" FLOUR! FLOUR! I*
EXTRA FAMIVY FLOUR, ground fi on
tho beat new wheat in Fairfield Dis
trict. For salo lev.
Jnly 12 JOHNNO. SEEGERS A CO.
Irish ?iptatoes !
CHOICE NEW POTATOES, for ?al? al
greatly reduced prices by
Juno 20 JlA T. R. AGNEW.
Lawns, CL awns.
JUST received, a niL lot o? LAWNS, al
twenty cents per 'Ard.
June ls ALF?EDTOLLESON.
NO. 1 MACKEREL.
AFRESH SUPPLY, Vist received at
July 12 J. C. SIEGERS A CO.'S.
ONE THOUSAND DOLLARS !
THE ?OOO POTASH.
ANEW POTASH, or CONCENTRATED
EYE: will mako better ?oap, willi lena
trouble, than any other potash out. It is
much cheaper, and a ready soap-maker.
Trv it. Try it. New thin^H must bo triotl.
This Potash is genuino, and is warranted
to make Soap. Buy it at tho right place,
and you 'vont bo deceived. Tno Grand
Potash f" for salo only bv
FISiIEP. tt HEINITSH, Druggists.
July 21 .
IOUISA, OF PRUSSIA- -hy Mian M?hl
Hench and Par, its wit, humor, Ac. .-by
College Life; by Kev. Dr. Stephen Olin.
Thackeray's English Humorists, and the
Reigns of tho Four Georges.
Liber Libroium-its Structure. Pur?
Seabrook's Travels in Oormany und
Mr. Wynyan's Word; bv the author of
Sylvan Holt's Daughter.
Raymond's Heroine a capital novel,
savs the Loudon Times.
Diavola, or Nobody's Daughter; by M?HB
Also, new supplies ot all Miss Muhl
linell's Historical Romanees. For salo at
.T. J. MoOARTER'S Bookstore,
July BJ R. L. BRYAN!
Important to House-keepers.
T> EVOLUTION IN THE PRESERVING
IV OF FRUITS, .v c. FRUIT-PRESERV?
ING SOLUTION. I! is perfect anti
I septic, tho cheapest and bosi method in
tho world for preserving all Kinds of Frtdte,
I Jellie?.. Spiced Fruits, Tomatoes, Cider,
Wine. Milk, s.imi! kinds of Vegetables, .Vc.
lt saves sugar; it saves thc trouble of
scaling: it saves thu expenso of sealing or
I air-tight jars br cms; it is SO per cent,
cheaper than any other method. It will
I preserve milk sweet from 12 lo ?MI hours
longer H'iati it will naturally keep, .with a
I result of furnishing more croom and inak
ling more hotter in warm weat her or in
warm climates. Ono bottle will preserve
PJS pounds ol' fruit, or 48 gallons wine
1 or tudor, or 128 gallons vf hiilk. ' rant
I ed to contain nothing injurious lo talth.
I Foll directions ror using accompany each
bottle. It is choap, healthful and effect
ual. For sab- by
! FISHER .\ HEINITSH, A?renla,
July is Druggists.
FT1EN DOZ. FANS, at half former prices;
X from 6 cents lo $3. Call ami got a
pretty fan. ALFRED TOLLESON.
j June 18
DRUGS AND CHEMICALS!
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.
pr/V LBS. CALOMEL.
Ol f 10?) ox. QUININE.
25 nz. SULP. MORPHIA'.
io lbs, CROTON ol L.
.00 lb-. CHLOROFORM.
:, lbs. NiTU.UT. SILVER.
200 lbs. GUM CAMPHOR.
l.oiiti 11M. EPSOM SALTS.
1,000 lbs. FLOR. SULPHUR
2,000 lbs. I'd.LT. STONE.
UKI lb?. SPAN. ?NDICO.
100 lbs. CREAM TARTAR.
1,000 lits. COOK I NC SODA.
[ 2.000 lbs. COPPERAS, For Halo low by
j FISHER & HEINITSH, Druggists, jj
miERCES choice SUGAR-CURED HAMS
1 small sizes.
Tierces nure LEAF LARI).
I i,ooo Iii-. Sugar-cured BREAKFAST
STEH' BA.OON. Just to hand and t?rsalo
by (1EO. SV.M.MERS.
Jilly (i _* _ ?
Fresh Biscuit and Crackers.
I'D BES. SUGAR CRACKERS,
J.5 Rbis. Soda Biscuit,
Rbis. Croam Crackers,
I " Putter Crackers,
" ( lihgor Schnapps,
Just received per stoainer, and for sale
by J. .V T. P Ai i NEW.
tf\ A S. C. R. lt. PONDS and COUPON'S.
I v^'? North Carolina Ponds, old and new.
! South Carolina stock.
G. & C. Railroad Bonds-guaranteed.
North-Eastern Railroad Bonds.
FOR SALE C. & s. C. It. R. Stock,
i THOS. E. GREGG .V CO.,
I June 27 Brokers.
j ?^7'OCNG Hyson, Moyuno, Hyson and
I JL finest Oolong fresh and or exquisito
White Wine and Cider Vinegars.
I Cuba Molasses and t ?olden Syrup, .Vc.
, Just received and for salo bv
July G GEO. SYMMERS.
Butter and Cheese.
TT?RKINS GOSHEN RUTTER reduced
Firkins choice Orange County RUTTER
1 -redncod prioo.
: J Also, a fresh suppl.' of that delicious
1 Butter, In 2J-1I?. packages' air and wfttor
Pino Apple, English Dairy and primo N.
Y. State Fact orv Choose, hoi sale low bv
July 0 GEO SYMMERS.
I>AS8ENQERS leaving* Columbia on
the South parolina Railroad by tho
morning train, cnn gol BREAKFAST at
Kingsville, as ample Hmo is allowed for
1 that, purpose. 0. A. SCOTT,
Juno 2'.) Proprietor.
PERSONS who desire lo pass the
" * sommer months in a healthy section,
;. where good water and mountain air a. e
the principal attract ions, can ha comfort?
ably accommodated at tho WALHALLA
HOTEL. Trains now run daily each way.
Hoard by tho week or mouth at reasonable
rates. 1). BIEMANN.
? July ?) . ?Imo
4 LARGE stock of STRAW and FELT
J\_ HATS cheap.
Juno 18 ALFRED TOLLESON.
New York Advertisements.
GEO. G. DUNBAR,
itu nkcr, and Commlisioii Broker
IN SOUTHERN SECURITIES, Tele?
graph and Express Stocks, County, City
and Town Ronds, Oas Stocks and miscel?
laneous Railroad Securitios. No. 7 WALL
STREET, NEW YORK.
OW Refers to Dr. John Fisher and Col.
L. D. Childs, Columbia, S. C.
Joly 19 8mo_
SOUTHERN BANK NOTESl
Rought and sold on commission by
LAWRENCE, BROS. & CO.,
NO. I? WALL STREET. NEW YORK.
MONEY received on deposit from banks,
bankers, merchants and others. Or?
ders in Oold, Government and other Secu?
ritios exocutcd at tho regular Stock Ex?
change by a member of tho brm. Consign?
ments of Cotton solicited. April 8
DKWITT C. LAWRENCE. JOHN R. CECIL.
CYRUS J. LAWRENCE. WM. A. HAESTEU
A LETTER WORTH READING.
Ell. HEIN1TSH-t)EAn Sm: For tho
. benefit of tho allhcted, I send you
this certificate. My sou having been Ho?
ve rely afflicted willi Scrofula for the last
two years -so much so that bc has been
confined to bis room the greater part of
t.ie tiii!'\ and i bad completely despaired of |
his recovery. Having applied to the best
nf physicians without relief, 1 was at last
induced to try vonr preparation of I
QUEEN'S DELIGHT. I am happy to say
it bas acted like a charm -increased bis
appetite, purified and enriched his blood,
improved Iiis health, audaJthough covered
with running sures, from which many
pieces of bono worked out, yet, to ray great
astonishment, all except one has healed
up. A lew moro bottles will accomplish a
radical cure. 1 regard your medicine a
wonderful panacea, and should bo gone
rally used. Yours truly. Jnne 20
HAMS AND ?AC0N STRIPS,
JOHN c. SEEGERS A CO.'S,
WHEAT AND FLOUR.
IWILL pay the HIGHEST MARKET
PRICE forr WHEAT and FLOUR. Will
furnish bags when desired.
Juno to ALPRED TOLLESON.
SOMETHING NEW I?
CALL AND SEE !
MY stock of Goods .
yyV lias boon materially ;.
fSiitfia'"1'1"'1 11 buting the oast week, and
I am now prepared to show an excellent
Block of JEWELRY. Also, WATCHES.
CLOCKS, SPECTACLES, otc. "Tip-top"
GOLD PENS the best manufactured.
Persons desirous of having tho bair of
deceased friends or relatives preserved in
enduring stvlo, can have it MANUFAC?
TURED into RINGS, BREAST-PINS or
EAR-RINGS, handsomely or plainly orna?
83- REPAIRING of all kinds faithfully
attended to, mid at PRICER TO SU IT THE
1. SULZB ACHER,
At J. Sul/.baeher A Co.'s,
Asseniblv street, opposite Market.
A NEW SUPPLY OF
OF TUE VERY LATEST STYLES.
AT.so, A NEW SUPPLY ol'
THE above GOODS wein purchased at
tho late GREAT REDUCTION IN
PRICES, and will bo sold VERY LOW.
m. I*. KIN ARD.
TWENTY boxea FINE TOBACCO, T??
June 15 ALFRED TOLLESON._
JOHN H. HEISE,
Con fe ctioner,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL!
(IANDIES manufactured daily, at as low
J aa can bo laid down hero from tho
North. KW Corner of Plain and Marion
HAVING reBumed the
Jabove business, I am pro
pared to execute ah kinds
of work in tho above lino at the shortest
notice and most reasonable priocH.
A variety of COFFINS constantly on
hand. Funerals promptly attended.
Aug ?0 M. II, BERRY.
At Drennan ?fc Carroll's Carriage Factory.
Agricultural and Horticultural Im?
At thc Sign of the Gahlen Pad-Look.
ALARGE SUPPLY of the above, con?
sisting in part of PLOWS, HARROWS,
FAN MILLS, GRAIN CRADLES, Scythes,
Straw Cutters, Corn Shellors.
Pruning Haw* and Knives, Ladies' Gar
don Tools, in setts and palra; Transplant?
ing Trowels and Forks, Spades, Spading
Forks, Rakes, Hoes, Linos, .Vc. In store
and for salo LOW for CASH by
April ? JOHN 0. DIAL.
NEW AND DESIRABLE
JUST I HT
WE HAVE RECEIVED, amongst our NEW GOODS,
A COMPLETE LINE OF ENGLISH HOSIERY.
Every style of HOOP SKIRT, comprising the following:
Tip-Top, Demi-Quaker, Invisible Quaker, Demi-Duplex,
Puris Trail, Ladies' Extra Long Demi-Quaker, Child's
Single Steel, Misses Single Steel, in movable and immova?
ble fastenings, &c, Sic.
REAL VAL. INSERTINGS, GUIPURE EDGINGS,
BLACK SILK LACES and EDGINGS, Swiss Mulls.
White Silk Laces and Edgings, Thread Bradings.
Real SWISSES, Paris, Swiss, Nainsooks and Mulls,
JACONET and SWISS EDGING, v.c., Sec. Also.
BOBBIN ET MOSQUITO \ETTL\G-ALL WIDTHS AND PRICES.
FRENCH WOVE CORSETS, at Lowest Possible Prices.
R. C. SHIVER.
Well Fixture ! !
A NEW, SIMPLE and EFFEC'J -
IVE UKIVElt for raifing walu
fruin wella. Cheaper and niora
durable than a pump, safer and
better than thc old-fashioned
windlass. '*A*o?ie mention it '<?/
t>> praise it." Moro than 5,00(1 ari'
now in nae iii Virginia and North
Carolina, and tho demand is still
increasing. A supplv of these
superior WELL FIXTURES are
now on hand and for sale low hy
J. & T. R. AGNEW.
IN THE PRICE OP
AS is our usual custom at
thc close of each season, we
now oller our stock of
SPRING CLOTHING AT COST!
BARGAINS in BOYS'
CASSIMERES & TWEEDS.
R. & W. C. SWAFFIELD,
X. B.-We are daily mak?
ing additions to our stock of
Clothing, with GOODS OF
OUR OWN MANUFAC?
TURE. May 14
MTHE COLUMBIA FEMALE COL?
LEGE, which for threo years pi.9t
has been occupied aa a FIRST
CLASS HOTEL by Mr. T. 8. Nickeraon, is
again offered for leaso for threo years,
from 1st Soptombor next.
Tho extonsivq patronago which Mr.
Nickerson received has given mnch noto?
riety Co this building. Its capacity, pecu?
liar fitness and eligible location for tho
purposes of a first-class hotol, render iv
particular description unnecessary.
For terms, itu., inquire of either of tho
following gentlemen: Hon. E. J. ARTHUR,
Dr. A. N. TALLEY, R. D. SENN or J. W.
Columbia, Jone ll, 1867. _ Juno ll
BUCK-EYE TRIUMPHANT !
THE snbscriber has received tlio agoncy
for the sale of tho celebrated BUCK?
EYE COMBINED REAPER and MOWER,
which has taken the premium over all
othor machines of tho kind, whonetcr ex?
Parties wishing maohinos will find it tn
their interest to call and oxamino tho
Buck-oyo, before purchasing elsewhere All
machines sold at manufacturer's prices,
and oxpenses added, and every machine
sold warranted to give satisfaction. Terms
liberal. Apply to JOHN C. DIAL,
Juno 4 Manufacturer's Agent.
THETRIUMPH OF ART!
MOKE TESTIMONY IN FAVOR OP
Heinitsh's Queen's Delight.
3EXTRACTS FROM LETTERS: "The
li Queen's Delight is beginning to
awaken tho attention of our physicians.
Ita retuarkablo curative power is aeon in
ils wonilnrfnl effect upon tliKcnac. As a
i blood \mrit'n r. tiler?' i? un mi dinine liku it
I known t'> tho profession. A gentleman
told me that his son has been taking the
I Queon'a Delight, ami is moro bcno?tod by
it than by any other medicine. He wants
a dozen bottles."
Eitract from a letter: "lt is duo to you
I to slate in this public manner, in order
that the people may know the truth, that
I have tried your Queen's Delight, and
found it not only what yon said it was- -"a
nure medicino"-hut the best medicino I
have ever taken for emptions and general
bad health. 1 bad an eruption all over my
body, with impaired digestion and disor?
dered liver, and have tried a great many
medicines without any benefit. I have
taken ono bottle of your Queen's Delight,
tho eruption has disappeared, :nv appetite
j is better, my liver and digestion is im
I proved. I am sat ?stied one or two more
bottles will euro mo."
Extract from a letter: "At tho CIOBO oi
tho war, my constitution was shattered. 1
could not eat, sleep or perform any dutj
whatever, such was my prostrate condi?
tion. Medicino and medical aid I had ir
abundance, such was my condition up to s
few months since, when I began tho uso ol
your Queen's Delight. I have used twe
bottles, my constitution is greatly im?
proved, nij appetite is good, enjoy refresh?
ing sleep, and amable to perform my shan
of daily labor."
Extract from a letter-Wonderful effeel
of only ono bottle.: "Ihave used only t
half bottle of 'Queon'a Delight' for b?ih
and eruptions of the skin and itching hu
ni'irs of tho blood, which annoyed mover]
much. I am entirely cured. 1 think you:
medicino a valuable one."
A remarkable case of liver complaint ant
I headache cured by tho uso of "Hoiniteh'i
Queen's Delight:" A lady of unquesiionec
worth and reputation voluntarily gives ti's
timony of tho wonderful effects of thii
medicine. Hbo has been from early yean
a martyr to headaches, caused by imper
feet action of tho liver, producing Intensi
headache and pain over tho eyes. She liai
taken only four bottles, and assures us o
tho perfect enro it has made. She now en
joys good bealt h.
Still another: "During last spring, I hat
boen troubled with obstinate chills am
fovor, which, when cured, I*ft my syston
in a wretched condition, blood impure, am
I was afflicted with an angry, and, as I a
ono timo thought, an incurable, cutancon
eruption over my entire body. Tho mos
violent remedies suggested failed to worl
a cure, until, at tho instance of a friend,
tried Dr. Heinitsh's Queen's Delight. Les
than two bottles cured mo, leaving my Sk il
in a healthy condition. My general heall 1
is as good as ever. For spell purnoses,
have, ovor since mv Cure, unhesitating];
recommended your Queen's Delight."
Don't buy any but the right kind. Al
gen limo Queen's Delight lins the copy-rigb
mark on the outside, and. it ia the on);
medicino which produces these wonderiu
cures. For nain wholesale and retail at
FISHER A HEINITSH'S
April Drug Store.
TO REN I',
T^'E ROOM over tho store of Thomsot
Earle. Applv to
April 13 ALFRED TOLLF.SON.
FISHER & LOWRANCE,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
EXTRA FAMILY FLOUR, from now
wheat, for salo hy
Juno 30 FISHER & LOWRANCE.
Cotton Yarns !
FOR Halo bv FISHER it LOWRANCE.
BEST ANCHOR BRANDS, assorted
Mav '20 FISHER & LOWRANCE.
FRESH SODA, RUTTER and MILK
OINOER OAKES, NUTS. .ve. For salo
bv FISHER .t LOWRANCE.
A Truly Wonderful Medicine!
Liver Complaint Cured by Queen's
11HE symptoms of Liver Complaint are
. uneasiness and pain in the right side,
and soreness upon touch immediately
under the inferior ribs; inability to lie
upon the left nide, or, if at all, a dragging
sensation is produced which seriously
affects respiration, causing, very often, a
troublesome cough. Together with these
symptoms, wc per?oive a coated tongue,
acidity of the stomach, deficiency of pew
spiration, and sometimes a sympathetic
pain in tho shoulder, with a great disposi?
tion to sleep, and depression or spirits,
and sometimes sores in the mouth or
throat. Theso symptoms, if pnrmitted to
continue, will eventually produce consump?
tion, the moHt banetnl ot all diseases.
Tho symptoms of Dyspepsia are various;
those affecting tho stomach aro nausea,
heart-bnrn, loss of. appetite, disgust for
food, sometimes a depraved appetite,
.sonso of fulness or weight in tho stomach,
sinking or fluttering in the pit of tho sto?
mach, sour eructations, coated tongue,
acidity of the stomach, hurried and diffi?
cult breathing, Ac.
Thc sympathetic affections are very di?
versified-cold foot, pain' or weakncHs
through the limbs, swimming of tho head,
sudden flushes of heat, Ac.
The use of tho QUEEN'S DELIGHT
should bo persevered in until every symp?
tom of Dyspepsia has vanished, and hoalth
is entirely restored.
Derangements of the Liver and
Are sources of insanity. From disorder
or obstruction, a morbid action of the sym?
pathetic and other nerves follows, andtho
(unctions of tho brain arc impaired and
deranged; derangement thore will also
produce ?linease of the heart, skin, lungs
and kidneys, lt is owing to tho same
cause tnat thousands die with Cholera,
bilious or Yellow Fever, and that most
baneful disease, Qonsumption.
Tho origin of numerous cases of Con?
sumption is impaired digestion; and many,
manv cases of supposed Consumption
could be entirely cured by tho use of tho
QUEEN'S DELIGHT, as the emaciation,
debility and cough attending weakness of
the digestive organs aro so near allied to
tho Symptom? of Consumption, that tho
one disease is frequently mistaken for the
It is a Wflll-etjfabliHhed fact that fully
one-half of tho female portion of our
population are seldom in tue onjoyment of
good health, or, to UHC their own' oxprea
sion, "never feel well." They are languid,
devoid of all energy, extremely nervous
and have no appetite To this class of
invalids, the Queen s Delight is especially
recommended. Their poculiar tonio and
invigorating properties render it invaria?
ble it? such cases. The patient should im?
mediately discard all pills and powders, as
they only weaken tho system, and resort to
the use of the Queen's Delight, the inva?
riable r?suit Of which will be a strong and
hearty constitution, a disappearance of all
nervousness, a good appetite and a perfect
restoration to health.
Weak and delicate cbildron aro made
strong by using the Queen's Delight. In
fact, it is a Family Medicine; it can be ad?
ministered with perfect safety to a child
three mont IIB old, tho most d?licate female
or a man of uinetv.
?V Re sure and ask for "IIEINITSH'S
QUEEN'S DELIGHT;" none other is genu?
ine. For sale bv
FISHER A HEINIT8H, Druggists,
July 9 Columbia, S. C.