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THE DAILY. MM PHONIX.
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BY JULIAN A. SELBY. COLUMBIA, 8: C., THURSDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 19, 1867. VOLUME HT-NO. 15G.
i - ? ....
PUBLISHED DA II. Y AM) Tai-WEEKLY.
KYE11? WEDNESDAY/ It Of. M NC.
BY JULIAN A. SELBY,
?J1*T? PRINTER. ;i
Office on Ukin street, a few doors above
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W. C. Mooro, Abbeville.
J. R. Allen, Chester.
Julius Poppe, Anderson C. H.
8. P. Klnard, Newberry C. II.
W. T. aims, Union.
J. M. Allen, Greenville.
Letter from Hon. II. V. Perry. ||
To the Editors of the Colianbia Phonix:
Tho action of the rnmp Congress,
the other day, in extra session, ought
to convince every ode that the radical
party have no intention of restoring
the Union until the Southern States
r.ro thoroughly radicalized, und will
elect Sonators and members Of the
House of that party. Tho Kentucky
representatives-nine in number,tond
all Democrats-^-have bee\i> T^erned
-.heir seats in Congress? ?imply be
:auso they were/-not Black Itepnbli
.2.au3. If tlio Sonther.i States, under
tho reconstruction policy of PresC
' dent Johnson, had elected radicals,
and given any assurauco of their adr
hesion to that party, no one can sap
I poso that tiieir representatives would
have berm excluded from (Joagrees..
In trio fall of 18G5, imo. of tho ?i-&%
'things done hy Congress was to puyae
tho Situate, and exclude Democrautu
enough from that body to give thom
a two-thirds majority. .
The question will be.for tho people'
of the Southern Statci; to decide, in
the coming elections, whether they
nf cu to remain aa tboy. aro, or by
.'.tiling conventions, adopting negro
?.?tirage and electing radicals, go
back, into the Union. What 'advan?
tage to the South will it bo to iu
1 crease tho BlackTlopublican majority
in Congres*? How can wo bo bene?
fited by strengthening tho hands of
our oppressors? Wlmt interest can
we possibly havo in being represent?
ed in Con ess by traitors to the
South-men whom we must scorn
and despise ns Jndas Iscariot^ in po?
litics? It isa sad and melancholy
reflection on hurhau nature, to seo
> men who inaugurated the war, and
were going to dio in tue last ditch,
now seeking to go back into the
Union, stripped ?f evbjy principle
and right which they vowed to de?
fend, with Black Repnblikan collars
arouiid i neir necks. Hotf disgusting
to seo base, unprincipled white men
seeking oflico and position by hypo?
critically pandering tb the ignorant,
criminal and ruinous prejudices and
aspirations of - the' ?egro! I would
greatly prefer seeing every office iu
tho State filled by the honest, intelli?
gent negroes, than by such unprinci?
pled and shameless men.
I once said to President Johnson,
in reply to n despatch sent me, about
Union men hoiug excluded from ?f?
rico under tho Provisional Govern?
ment, that I had mado it a ride
through lifo to confide in the politics
of no ono who wasnot morally honest
and trustworthy in private life, and
that my experience had taught me
the fact that a man who had no moral
principle could have no political
principle. Hence it is is that we see
those whov re foremost in secession,
Vliilst seer : n was in the ascendant
and tho .d to honor and distinc?
tion, pow. ud position, now fawn?
ing at tho. feet of. tho oppressor,
whilst tyranny and oppression arc all
powerful. 'They rare not whom they
. T*. '."-I ,-~
! serve, or what principles tliey advo?
cate, provide* th bj can promote their
own selfish views.- BUG they would
! even, have us b .Hr.'vc that the great
in tcrest.s of .the country were foremost
in their thoughts, ,
' Immediately after it was known
that slavery would have to be abo?
lished, I'expressed the opinion that
it would bo wiso and prudent to per?
mit negroes, who had acquired a pro?
perty and .educational qualification,
to vote tn all the Southern States.
I thought this would bo a safety valve
for political sbcioty. It would gratify
and appease the intelligent and most
influential of that class, aud make
them good citizens, instead of being
disturbers of the peace. It would
hold ont an inducement to all, who
had any disposition or wish to rise
above the common herd! And no
ovil could result from it, as I sup?
posed very few, comparatively, would
ever be able to attain the privilege,
and when they did, they would
always vote with tho higher and bet?
ter educated class of whites. I ex?
pressed a similar opinion many years
j ago, in regard to recaptnring fugitive
I slaves. I thought it well for society
that when n slave had acquired such
a love for freedom as to 'prompt him
to Ileo to tho Northern States, and
possessed .intelligence sufiloient to
j make Iiis escupe, ho ought not to bo
! brought back. lu this way, the boldt*
I daring ami reckless-thty who wer?'
|-most? i likely-to disturb the public
I peace-would bo out o? fhn country,
? and thero would bo greater safety
I from those left behind.
\ But tay opinio nih ns expressed was
denounced by .those who are now
i urging universal suffrage for tho ne
. gro, or at least advocating the call of
; a convention, by which universal
1 negro suffrage is to bo established.
I likewise advocated, ut the same
i time, the propriety of permitting ne
[tgroea to give testimony kt all cases in
j our courts of justice. Tliis, too, was
. storply resisted by those w ho uro now
I willing to confer on the negro the
?.right of holding office, to get biypk
I into tho'n''gl?rioTis Union," which
I they once hated and despised so cor
y In one of my previous communica?
tions, I stated that Professor Agassiz
j had proven conclusively that the uo
gro was of an inferior race to that of
the white: man, and had* ft different
origin. In saying this, I did not iiir
I .tend to insinuate, aa some of the' ne
I groes seemed to think 1 did, that God
was not their "father," as well as tho
white man's futher. They aro cer'
tainly both creations of tho same Al?
mighty hand. ?h?y aro doTibtless,
too, equally under tho protection of
tho Jfmighty, and equally dear to
! him in their respective spheres
i spheres in which he placed them and
I for which he made fcheim The horse
j and tho jackass are both aliko the
j creations of God. He did not. create
them of tho same type"or make .them
! one and the panie animal. Ho gave
j to oue beauty of form and symmetry,
I spirit and fleetness; and to the othei
? strength, onduranco and other vaina
; ble qualities. So he has distinguish
? ed between the negro and white man.
j To the former he has given a black
skin and a wooly head, greatei
I strength and less brain. He ha.<
! adapted him to labor, and given him
I pores which defy malarias and fevers,
j To tho other he has given a whit*
i skia and a head ol hair, less strengt!
1 and larger brain, adapted to highei
j thoughts and greater intellectual im
j But God loves his whole creatioi
I equally, and it is to be presume!
that he has tho same regard for tlx
owl that he lins for tho eagle, and si
I with tho horse and tito jackass, tin
white mau and the negro, provided
always, that tho ono is as faithful ii
tho discharge. oMiis mission on enrtl
as the other. It is by no means
crime or fault on the part of th
jackass, that he cannot run as swift!
as the horse. He was not created fo
such fleetness; and so with thenegrc
ho has not been endowed by Go
with'tho same volume of brain thu
i the white man has, and he is not t
' blame, for being anublo to corapet
-,-.-gj ? .-^--y- -
1 with Lim in., sc?enoe and knowledge.
He is au inferior animal to tao white
man. God made him such aa he is
for wise purpof.es, aa he made tho ass
inferior to the horse. It isas foolish
to think of making poets? artists and
statesmen out ol negroes as it would
be to make a race horso OT a spirited
cl J arger in battle ont of a jackass. You
may give the negro tho right of suf?
frage ana the right to hold office, and
make l?m a legislator, and so jpn
may enter the ass for,a fourmile heat,
with the blooded horse, cor.you may
mount him in battle for a charge on
the enemy ; but both would be equally
unwise and disastrous, for you aro
attempting to pervert nature and the
laws of God.
Professor Agassiz, of Harvard ;?k>l
lege, Massachusetts, tho most learned
and scientific naturalist the world
has ever produced, declares most
confidently, after a life-time of
thought and obs?r -it ion on the sub?
ject, "That the negro and the white?
man were created os specifically dif?
ferent as the owl and the eagle. They
were designed to fill different places
in the system of nature. The negro
is no more a negro by accident or
misfortune than the owl is tho kind
of bird ho is by accident or misfor?
tune. The negro is no moro tho
white, niftu's brother than the owl is
.the sister of thc eagle, or than the
ass is, the brother of tho horse.
There aro," says the same great au?
thority, "over ono hundred specific
differences between the. boual and
uenvods" system of tho' whito man
and the n?gro. Indeed, their forms
are'alike in no particular. There is
not ?. bone in the' negro's body rela?
tively of the same shape, size, articu?
lation, or chemically of ?^tsamo com-1
position, as that of the white man.
The negro's bones contains -a c-far
greatcr per oentagaof calcareous strtts
than those of the whiteman. Bven
the negro's blood is chemically a Very
different lluid from that which
courses in tho veins of the white
man. The whole physical organiza?
tion of the negro differs quite ns/
much from thc white mau as it does
from that of tho chimpanzee-that
is, in his bones, muscles, nerves and
fibres. The chimpanzee has** not j
much further to progress to become
.a negro, than tho negro has to be?
come a whito mau. This fact science
' It irfagreed, by all sci?utilie n?en
who have turned their attention to
this subject, that "the capacity, by
measurement, of tho skull of the
white mau is ninety-seven cubic
inches, that is, the average of one
thousand, or any greater number of
skulls. Tho negro has sixty-six cubic
inches; thc North American Indian
has sixty-three oubio inches; the na?
tivo Australiau has fifty-six cubic
inches." Sir Charles Lyall, than
whom there can be-no higher author?
ity, says the feet and hands, the arras
and legs of .he white man and negro
are unlike in measurement. The hand
of the negro is one-twelfth larger,
and one-tenth broader,, than tho
hand of the white man; bia foot is
one-eighth longer, and one-ninth
broader, than the white man's; his
fore-arm is one-tenth shorter; and
the same is trne of the bones from the
knee to the ankle. The skeleton is
unlike in the wholo in weight and
measurement, and unlike in every
In the most ndmirablo speech of
tho Hon. W. Mungen, of Ohio, lately
delivered in Congress, (and to which
I am greatly indebted for much that
I have said,) it is boldly asserted, on
the authority of scientific men, that
the world does not afford au instance
of a mulatto in thc fifth generatioq.
The hybrid race becomes extinct,
after tho fonrth generation, unless
they have intermixed with one or thc
other of the original races. So it it
with all animals. The mule does not
breed ot. all. The wolf and jackal,
the dog and fox, have produced hy
brids, which always become extinct ii:
the third generation. These animals
like tho negro and whito man, wen
regarded, at ono time, as only differ
ont varieties of tho same species. Hw
experiment shows them to have beei
! different creations, os it does the ne?
gro and white man.
I repeat what I have said in a for?
mer article, that i have ever been the
friend and protector of the,negro
through life. This my former slaves
will vouch for me. My house-ser?
vants, eight or ten in number, _ have
never left me, end ore still living with
me on the same terms they did whilst
slaves. It is because I wish well to
the negro, that I am unwilling to see
him placed in a false position. Ho is
unfit to exercise the right of suffrage,
and will become the dupe and tool of
base and designing men. A war of
races <vili ensue, and the negro, being
the weaker and less intelligent, will
be exterminated in such a war. Ex?
tinction will be the result of this great
boon, bestowed pn thom for the so'3
pajpose of strengthening the radical
party ! GeneMnBenjamin F. Butler
said to me, eighteen months ago, that
'jill the radical party wished was, to
-have "impartial suffrage. " He said
that wo might declare that no one
should vote, unless he was a graduate
of the South Carolina College. All
that the radicals then thought of was
equality between the races. But now,.
. they oro determined to have tho negro
vote, in order to radicalize thoSonth.
In the negro convention which sat
tho other day, in Columbia, it was
claimed that, in the next Presidential
election, there should bo placed on
the radical ticket J. negro, either for
President or vice-President. It was
contended, too, that the lands should
be divided into small farms, so that
each head of a family might get a
homestead. If tho land-owners re?
fused this division, then their lands
should be taxed S J heavily as to force
them to part with them. There is
considerable ingenuity in this scheme
of .confiscation. The whites who vote
for a convention, to avoid confisca
.fcion on the part of Congress, will lind
themselves nicely caught by tho ne?
groes in convention. As I have al
:ready said, they will find that, after
sacrificing their honor, the. rights of
.the State, and tho principles of self
government and constitutional liberty,
they'havo lost their lands into tho
bargain. Another scbemo of the ne?
groes,. t promulgated in their recent
convention, is to havo nothiug taxed
but properly. This will release the
negroes from all taxes, as they do not
own property. Then, the property
of the State is to bo taxed, to estab?
lish free schools ami colleges all ovol*
the Stale, for the education of their
elli laren, without expense to the ne?
groes! Again, they declaro in con?
vention, and have .made it a part of
their platform, that the old negroes,
and infirm negroes and paupers, aro
to be supported by the property of
the white men, instead of taking carn
of their own aged parents and pauper
In the twelfth article adopted by
this radical negro convention, they
avow openly their purpose of disfran?
chising all who havo served in the
Confederate army, or aided and abet?
ted tho war. They are disposed te
take a step, and a wide oin?, beyond
the radicals in Congress. The white
radicals have disfranchised only those
who have filled public offices; but the
black radicals aro determined to ex?
tend it to all'who were in the army,
which iruludes almost the entire white
population; This will be accomplished
in that convention which the while
people are-going to vote for-a con?
vention to disfranchise themselves,
confiscate their property, and place
tho State absolutely under the control
of the negroes. Was there ever .such
folly and madness heard of before, in
the civilized world? In sack-c'otL
and ashes, they will havo to repent ol
their stupidity and dishonor.
This negro radical convention fur?
ther demands o revision of our laws
and tho re-organization of our courts
They, a set of paupers, ignorant and
debased, aro to govern the State, ant
tho white mon, who own all tho pro
perty, are to pay tho expenses of tin
State. They sr eak of building rail
roads! No doubt a thousand scheme!
will be concocted for spending tin
white man's money, for the beuelit o
th?! negro, before they .proceed to taki
it from bim by force or fraudulent le-,
gislation. Horrible, most horrible, is
the future of our poor State nnd de?
graded people. No one seems to ret?- ?
ize our true situation. It is now as
it was in the days of secession. We
are standing, like idiots, on a maga?
zine of powder, flourishing in our
hands a fire-brand, and laughing at
the beaut if ul ring of ribbon it makes
in . the dark. The explosion will
qome, must come, sooner or later, and'
bring with it universal death and de?
struction to the people and property
of the State.
In Liberia, whero there is a nation
of negroes, sent from the United
States, and whero they have formed
a Government, no white man is ,
allowed to hold office, or vote at any
election for any office. This is wise
and proper; and they have thought
it necessary to make this exclusion
for their own peace and prosperity.
Hn? not the white men the same
right to exclude the negro from the
right of suffrage, when they know
that the negroes have a majority in
the State, and will scize^the Govern?
ment of tho State, if permitted to
It is idle folly to toll tho people of
South Carolina that capital and im- *
migrants will flow into tho State,
when reconstructed on tho Black Re?
publican platform. On the contrary,
as soon as this negro government is
organized, every dollar of foreign
capital in South Carolina will be with?
drawn, and not ono cent will como
here seeking investment. Nor will
any foreigners movo hore to settle,
under negro rulo, and the confusion
and disturbance which it will give
rise to in tho State. "Mr. Calhoun
predicted, years ago, tba!, if the negro
was set free, the Northern people
would insist on his right of suffrage,
and if allowed, the negroes would
seize the Government, audthe white
people would have io leave tho State!
Ho further said, that, tho former
owners would loso all influence over
their freedmen, . whose sympathies
and partialities would bo for North?
ern men and vile emissaries sent here
to control them. I think it is pretty
generally acknowledged, even now,
that all control of the negro, in the
coming election, is already gone from
their former masters. Gen. Hampton
and his friends had just as well try
to control a herd of wild buffaloes in
tho vast prairies of the West, as the
negro vote of Columbia.
B. F. PERRI*.
GREEN vi IJ,F., S. C/. July 27, 18fi7.
?';._ , .j_'_
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