Newspaper Page Text
Thursday Morning, August 1, 1867.
Northern papers of every political
complexion ?ire busy wi?x tho subject
?of negro office-holding, mid thc pro?
bability, now 'hat tho right is consi?
dered conceded to that class,, of their
.availing thonwelves ?f this: privilege,
-And the consequences which will at-i
tend thia event.
That tli? negro, as ti coteiriporary
says, should aspire Ho gpfiice, is most
natural, in view of lys enfranchise?
ment and newly acquired rightj to
suffrage; and-tbuthe should consider
himself qualified, uow that capacity
andr political experience have ?been
brought into disreputo by the dis?
franchisement of nearly all our capa?
ble Southern whites, is a fact not?o
bo wondered nt. l?olyjpg upon the
strength which ho is given at tho
ballot-bog^, by tho general eufran
chiscmc?4-of his race, the colored
man will act with a knowledge of his
power, and the class of whites, who
expect to ride into power and notice
by tho disqualification of men of
their own color, will lind, in the very
element from whom- thoy expect sup?
port, opposition of a formidable cha?
racter, mid tvhieh will blast nil their
hopes o? public advancement. The
colored mau sees himself in a posi?
tion which promises every hope of
advancement, and the claim that one
of the ritce is entitled to the nominu
? tiou for the Vice-President, is but
the prelude to others which were
siire to follow.
Wo make the following extract
j from tho ^iow York World, n conser?
vative n^per, in which the event ap?
prehended is shown to be most pro?
bable. The-cousequcnccs, as pictured
by ^le World, partake, in- s great
measnre', of the appearance of proba?
bility, and will doubtless bc product
. ive of a political revolution which
may yet lead us forth from tho st?to
of anarchy and chaotic confusion
into which those very measures have
"Thu disfranchisement of nearly
.til tho iiiU-Kigeiit aud capable South?
ern -whites tends to bring capacity
"and political experience into disre?
pute. The negroes are not likely to
be wiser than the laws which invest
them with power. When the laws
.seta stigma on capacity and expe?
rience, the negro, who derives all his
importance from the same laws, will
not hold these qualifications in ho?
nor. When tile laws which malee
him eligible to all offices, declare
everybody ineligible who has ever
held an office, they educate tho negro
into contempt fer mental qualifica?
tions, aud teach him that it commu?
nity is moro likely to prosper by os?
tracising its most capable men than
by electing'them to office. Even if
tho negroes should be disposed to
vote for qualified candidates, t iioy
will not he pormitted, all such men
# being degraded into political .out
"Legislation which thus does vio?
lence to common sense, aud inverts
the order of nature, by ordaining
that th*; tail of society, which con?
tains no brains, shall be. its head,
and the head, which hus the brains,
shall draggle in the dirt, such prepos?
terous legislation leads to no good.
The negroes will be justified in elect?
ing themselves to office, when thej
can find nobody moro capable wilona
the law permits them to choose,
lint a Government thus composed
of, and controlled by, the most igno
rant classes, will Excite the con tempi
mid derision of the intelligent part ol
the community. Ht canw never bc
self-sustaining, for tho reason that
tlw whites, who will scorn aud dr
liilt' it, are a majority of the in!.ubi
tauts, though they may be a minority
of tho voters. The reconstruction
scheme of Congress^ therefore, entail.'
upon tho tax-payers of the whoh
country tli^ purpetuul burden ol
maintaining great annies in tin
Kout hern Stetes, to keep down tin
majority and prevent a bloody con
ilict of tlie two races thus placed it
The World, in tho above two para
graphs, gives food for reflection t(
both races.,, Our jjwsitioii, as it al?
ways bus boen, is Alt of doing all in
oar power to rest A 4>eac^ and har?
mony nnjtong ourselves, and to regain
our position, as t?f people of one of
tho States of tho Union, to our lost,
or forfeited, rights in that Union.
Bynojactor political movement ou
their part, should our people now ob?
struct the process of reconstruction,
for upon the final accomplishment of
^this depends everything. Partisans
or political aspirnuts should bo avoid?
ed nnd their teachings utterly ig?
nored, if wo .wish io beconip onoe
moro a happy ami prosperous people.
Tito Crops und their Jk'rmluocl-a.
We are pelad to learn from our
Wostcru.^B^Ugtfgcs, timi the crops are
fast reciipcramig from tho losses in?
flicted by the heavy rains of last
month, and that tinder the powerful
influence of a Julythey now look
promising. TliA?JJ^jrr.?u-h of the
army Worm, wMcu has been heralded
by tho arrival of tito grass worm, bas
been fortunately entirely foiled by
thd^ate Hot weather, and tho Ranger
is now considered as over.
The cotlon crop, and, indeed, nil
the crop?, is ns much Um. property
(if not more) of tho freedman as of
his employer, silice ' tho cost of rais?
ing them is, first o_* all, to bo paid to
tho laborer; and it may oven be safely
asserted that tho plauter will receive
legs, in comparison, than the hands
he employs. In this connection, we
are gratified to notice that tho views
I we have expressed upon cotton and
! the cotton* tax, have been expensively
j published by our Southern-exchanges.
I If tho laborers on the pluutaifous of
the South do not get n better reward
! for their persevering efforts and ar
I duous labor, tho fault is with tho
I Congress, which still retains the uu
? just Jax upon their labor. Without
; this tux, each hand working for half
crops, would, on thc six bales he
i raises", receive thirty-five io forty dol
i lars more-a sum su?icicnt to clotho
j himself and family comfortably for
; one year. Let our I '.boring class re
^ fleet upon tho facts which wo have
j THE VETO.-Tho. New York Even
j ing Past, opposes the President's veto
: and dofeuds Congress, - tying, how?
ever, that '"Tt is'not tho Southern
'? fieoplo who snffer by the present
? system, but those of tho Xor:h. * *
1 lhat is tho truth bf tho matter; thu
: prosear, policy is not so unhappy ?for
th o Sou thorn St.it es, but ?tis dangerous
; io tm country nt large', and tho longer
it continues the more dangerous and
! mischievous must be its results.
J This is plain to most thoughtful
; men; it is not denied hy any except
I the most bitter extremists."
! The Express thinks that no corni
j try but one fresh from the horrors
and trials of a frightful civil war
could or wotdd tolerate the despotism
of Congress. The men of tho South
submit to it because they are broken
in spirit, broken in fortune, ond
every way defeated. Men in tho
North tolerate it because they are
blind, besotted and ?cowardly, and
Massachusetts louds the assault.
A DILEMMA FOB THIS PBES?DENT.
"Jf tile President does not violate the
Constitution in tho execution of tho
military despotism act," says the
?Kew York Eepress, "ho will be im?
peached next winter, und it is for
liiin to decide whether tho honors of
the Presidency are worth a violation
of tho Constitution, or, iii other
phrases, whether posterity will acquit
him of the responsibility of turning
a large portion of t'ni.i country over
to military despotism, through tho
apprehension of losing his placo."
The blackberry crop has attracted
, such general attention this year that
I the radicals iusist on tho word colored
berries, out of respect for th< ir
bosom associates of Africnu lineage.
There have boen recently, in the
Corps Legialattff, some ' debute*,
whioh show that a strong" anti-Napo
leon pnrty is being formed in France.
The Now.York Herald, in noticing
No one cnn rend them without feel?
ing convinced that the anti-Napo?
leonic feeling, which has always ex?
isted, and which of lato has been
known to be powerful, is acquiring
greater strength and manifesting
greater boldness. THE Thiers is. not
afraid to exclaim, that "while hd is
unwilling to question tho gonerulain
cerity of the. Govern ment, he caunot
admit its honesty in mattera finan?
cial." Al. Richardseonvicts the Go
verninent of positive falsehood; and
AI. Gamier Pages, after a most
gloomy picture had beeu drawn by
another deputy, had the temerity to
ask, "whether such was tho result o\
a fifteen years' reign?" It is equally
manifest that, notwithstanding great
outward show und much apparent
prosperity, tho empire is really bnr
dennd with a crushing incubus of
debt, A debt of 880,000,000 francs
i certainly justifies thu language used
j by n deputy, a few days ago, when
j he spoke of it as "the price of the ?
empire." To our mind, howoveiytho !
most alarming thing was tho war i
spirit which waa manifested (luring
the progress of tbs debate. The al?
tered und isolated position of France
was deplored. Prussia, Russia, lang?
land, Italy, all were against her.- A?
! lies she had hone. The only al
I Hunte at once available and Jesirablc
I was that of Austria. Prussia wsa
j stronger in money and men tuan
ever, and uiighC be regarded as
! Franc"'? "first possible adversary."
'Italy, already impatient of the sn-'
j premaey of France!, would be too glad
J of an opportunity I" join her ene
; mies. England would not object to
i Russia, marching to Constantinople,
and Russia would encourage England
J to take posse.-sion of Egypt. Was
j the Suez Canal-the glory of the age,
au offspring of French genius-was
it to fall into English bauds? Never,
never. France ?md Egypt would :
prevent it. These sentiments may ;
have boon expressed for another and
a deeper purpose than that which was
oppnrout. T!?ey may and probably
! were uttered rather in the interests
of thc Government than against it.
I Whatever migl\t be tho object for
which thoy wt re uttered, the simple :
fact that they could-be expressed,
! and expressed amid signs of all bul
universa! approbation, is proof suffi
oient that Prance is deeply dissatis?
fied with her attitude among the na?
tions, that t'.. wilt spirit is reviving
among her 'people, and that she will
seize the first opportunity to recover,
if possible, the p isilion which, rightly
or wrongly, she believes she has lost.
The situation of Napole?n at the
present moment is, therefore, pecu?
liar. For fifteen years, thc empire
has been dazzling nu.I magnificent:
thia last year has been the most daz?
zling and the mos! magnificent which
tho empire bassoon. , The princes of
the earth have come to visit this mo?
dern Solomon, and to behold bis
glory. His name was to fill the whole
earth, France-was to be tho greatest
of nations, Paris the greatest of capi?
tals, and Napoleon thc greatest of
monarchs. The programme, how
evor, has-not been ended. The Ex?
position is not yet closod. The royal
visitors have not all returned to their
hornes.^ Some of them are still in
France, gazing at tho splendors. It
would all have been well but for this
stupid Corps Lsgislatiff. They have
bungled the whole business. Rut for
them, the illustrious strangers would
have gone home, each to his own
country, and proclaimed each to his
own people thu glory of France and
the wisdom aud greatness of her Em?
peror. But now, alas! tho veil has
been removed, and beneath all this I
! outward splendor, this dnzzlo and !
I magnificence, they behold hollow
I ness, rottenness, corruption, and hear l
firm but suppressed cries of dee]) .
discontent. Filled with shame and ;
disappointment because of these un- j
expected disclosures, what will Nape- i
leon db? With a burdensome and !
increasing debt, with a rebellious and '>
open-mouthed Assembly, with the !
< ntiro nation grumbling because of
imagined disgrace, with murmured
disapproval in immy quarters of the ;
empiro and, its chief, and with the 1
I ghost of Maximilian, wrathful and :
rebuking, ever stalking at his elbow, ?
what will Napoleon do? Wc must.
, wait a little to seo. .
Kelley's Island, in Jjako Erie, is
. expected this year to produce grapes I
I enough for 240,000 gallons of wino. I
SKKSTDDB.-The Chattanooga (Ten?
nessee) Union-Vana ?dvises tho more
respectable p?stiou of tho people ot
"When, the President's children
ask-for an egg,'ho gives them a scor?
pion. When they seek protection
from thqJJuited States against Brown-'
low's militia, he refers them to Gen.
Thomas, whose admiration for tho
militia is scarcely excelled by his gra?
titude to $he father of it for his nomi?
nation to the Presidency. We think
tho less Tennesseans have to do with
asking protection of the Ihiited
States, and the more earnestly they
apply themselves to thc defeat of
Brownlow at tho ballot box, th* bet?
ter it, will bo for them."
v A shrewd Taukee is managing tho
Chicago Young Men's Christian Asso?
ciation. lie take.s all the letters put
in the po!ft office there, without
stamps, supplies what ar?; wau ted
and sends thom on their way. with
a little printed label: "This letter
was deposited in thu Chicago post
office unpaid. Under the rules it
would have been sent to the dead
letter office: Tho Young Men's
Christian Association hilve paid
the postage. In return for thc
favor please remit, to aid ns in out?
work, such ?um its you can afford.
Address:;-Young Men's Christian
Association, IdG Madison street, Cbi
c igo.? Lots of money comes back,
iOinotimcs live and ten dollar bi's.
Since tho partial opening of thc
Sue/, Canal au arrrnngeuient has-been
made between the Sudbahu, the
NTordbahn, and the Russian Railroad
authorities for a direct communica?
tion between ?St. Petersburg and
Trieste. A ton of Indian or bevan
tine goods will be conveyed, accord?
ing to this arrangement, from Trieste
to .St. Petersburg for 130 francs.
Fifty thousand hundred ?weight of
dil bas dread)- been transmitted in
accordance with this agreement,
which would Otherwise have been
sent by .sea. Tho Suez Canal Com?
pany has also established an agency
nt Vienna for the transit trade.
A Unsian archaeologist, M. Fili
monoiF, who wasr?senlly iu Paris on a
vin: tn the Exhibition, has started
the idea of establishing au interna?
tional arehteologioal society. Th?
pTojeot bas benn favorably received
by several o Wier areli; ?elogista, and
*M. Maud .green, ol Stockholm, has
assisted M. FilimonofTjn drawing up
a set of regulation for Ibo new
society, which have been already
submitted to tho French Govern?
ment. It is proposed to admit
nrchtetdogists of all nations ti? the
society, and to hold congresses, in tho
principal capitals of Europe.
A Massachusetts paper describes
nu entirely new apparatus for manu?
facturing lumber, a complete saw?
mill, having ita engine attached di?
rectly to tho saw sash by tho piston
rod. The sash works iu two upright
standards of east iron, which are
made to carry the feed-rollers, pres?
sure-rollers, Ac., thus bringing thc
work within a very small space. In?
deed, the whole mill only occupies a
ground anace of ten feet eight inches
by four feet, exclusive of the cars for
carrying tho logs, and yet it is caleu?
la', ed to carry forty or fifty saws.
Tiru SAINTS OF UTAH.-Brigham
Young is in some trouble, but then
his great family influence will enable
him to divorce himself from his
difficulties nud iiually enjoy his new
Zion unmolested. Ono or two of
tho Saints have fallen from grace,
but they lind only a few dozen wives
apiece, anti, therefore, are not of
much importance. Brigham has the
women on his side, and holds the
church treasure; thus double armed,
lu; doesn't care a bawbee for back?
Tiie Boston Transcript suya: "The
moths have, succeeded in shutting nj)
<>n?! ot thc most fashionable churches
for thc season, lt seems that these
troublesome little .creatures have
been multiplying in tho new and
elegant, mee ting house on Bolyeston
street (Dr. Gannett'?) until it has be?
come necessary lo close the house
und strip it of all its unbolstery, in
order to save it from utter ruin, to
say nothing of tho clothing of tho
"Poisoned Hash" ia-tho title of a
cheerful romance now being pub?
lished in n Now York weekly paper.
Tho same article is issued daily at
several boarding houses in and out
of tho Union.
-J.UI_U-LL -?jp? -
Local .TtoTT^j. j
HAnmn ron Auousr.-We aro in?
debted to Messrs. Duffie & Chapman
for ? copy of the above.
W. Muller, Esq., who for so many
years WAS principal of the Female
Academy, has returned tu Columbia
and resumed his former avocation.
Head his advertisement, and particu?
larly notice the extremely low rates
of tuition. _ _
Kev. 1). J. Simmons will please ac?
cept our thauks fora copy of the pro?
ceedings of tho "Twenty-third Ses?
sion of the "National Division S. of T.
of X. A., Wilmington^ Delaware.
July 10, 18G7."
Thackeray's Lectures. Tim English,
j Humorists. The Four Georges.
Complete in one volume.
1 The admirers of Thackeray will i .
I glad to have these lectures iu a coin
j pact and elegant form, and certainly
tho copy before us ?eaves little to bo
desired in thc above respects. Type,
paper and binding are uuoxception
. able. .
In the series treating of "Tko Eng
' lish Humorists," Thackeray presents
himself to us in an unusually amiable
aspect. Ile drops the cynical sheer
j which be too often wears while exhi
i biting tho puppets of his brain, and be?
comes the genial, sympathetic admire:
of his literary kindred1 in tho grave.
Talking, in exquisitely easy an '.
idiomatic English, not oftho book-.
' but of the writers themselves, he
summons up ju succession before us
tho great wits of tho last age. Swift.
Addison, Steele, Pope, Prior, Gay.
Fielding, sSlerne, Goldsmith, ave
presented to us in their habits :.
they lived; we seem to stand in their
presence, and tiugle in our Augers aa
if we had shaken their great dead
There is a" light of charity shed
over these lectures, which makes
, them especially delightful, lt puta
ono in a good humor le read them.
Yet Thackeray is, of course, hot tba
man to pass over i!> ? faults and vice*
of Iiis favorite authors. All of th es:
however, arc most tenderly touched.
F.vou tba stern, unlovable Swift hr.
' a word or two from Thackeray in hU
behalf. Sterne, with his hollow
hearted sentimentality, is tho only,
, one who catches thc lull swing of the
. * The series conclude with an exqui?
site essay on charity and hnmor, :::
which Thackeray pays a most gene?
rous and eloquent tribute Ur Dickens,
in ^ho lectures upon the Four
, Georges, Thackeray is his cyni
\ cal self again. T?ie subject suited
i bim well. Such a merciless, mock?
ing exposure of tho pretensions of
. royalty, is hardly to bc found in the
' records of satire.
' Tho book-capital summer reading
j ^-may bo obtained of Mr. J. J.
I McCarter, to whom we aro indebted
I for a copy.
' -?POST OFFICE Hoiins.-The office is
j open from 8 a. m. until 3,'.? p. m.,
? und from G until 7 p. m. Tho North
I ern marl closes at 3^' p. m., and all
j other mails close at 8 p. m.
Jon PniNTina.-The Job Office of
i tho Phoenix is as complete as any in
the South. It is furnished with new
j fonts of type of all descriptions and
I of the most modern stylos. All work
1 executed promptly, with tasto and
skill, and at reasonable rates.
NEW/VnvEBTisEsiKNTs.-Attention (n eall*
\ ?d'i the follofrinKadvertisements, uhicL
?ro publidbod this moriiing?for the iir*..
John McIntosh --House to Kent.
Convocation Union Council No. 3.
List of better? in Columbi* Post Oihcc.
Citation hv Douglas B, !>. HauAswo.
W. Muller School Ni ::
c. P. Jackson--Mosquilo Nets. .Ve.
A. B. Wallace -Government Tnxes.
A lino lot of Desirablo doods have just
I hoon opoued by Mr. lt. C. .Shiver, who stn.
adheres to his popular principle of uoc \
articles for little money. Hoad bis adver
1 tiscmebt, and then examine tho good*.