Newspaper Page Text
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Saturday Morning, August 10, 1867.
Emigration of Colored People to the
That jodrnal so voil known to
Southern readers as the organ of A
peculiar '.'civilization," and of a gene?
rous and truthful sympathy with the
benighted people of the South, in
speaking of the immigration to the
North of colored people from the
Southern States, gives us the follow?
ing information :
"These emigrants. .are brought
North through the agency of the
Freedmen's Bureau. An 'Employ?
ment Agency,' subordinate to the
Bureau, was established two years ago
by General Howard, and through it
and other private ngencies, the ne?
groes are induced to come North as
house-servants and field laborers.
Many come to this city, but greater
numbers go directly into the interior,
particularly to New England. Two
or three intelligence ofiicet iu this
city, under charge of colored persons,
have been instrumental in fiudiug
homes for great numbers. There is
nt Charleston, South Carolina, a co?
lored orphan asylum, under charge of
Mrs. Pillsbury, in which there are at
all times about 100 children-all the
house will accommodate. Miss Chloe
Murri ck, of Syraouse, New York, has
established a similar asylum in the
house of the rebel General Finne?
gan, at Fernandina, Florida. Each
of these ladies furn^h Northern peo?
ple with these ye ig colored chil?
dren as servants, n^on application,
and onr citizens in want of such, or
anxious to find worthy objects of
sympathy and charity, are advised to
apply direct to these ladies."
We are gratified to learn that so
much interest is being taken in tho
welfare of the yonng freed people,
all of whom were either deprived oi
the care and protection of kind
owners, or deserted by their parents
under the excitement of their ab?
rupt emancipation. Their in ignition
to the land of civilization and ol
charity and benevolence to the race,
we trust, will be highly advantageous
to these "youug wards of the mi
tion," and that they will will, as they
progress to tho ugo of maturity, bc
enabled to rejoice *iu tho blessing*
not only of political, but of social
equality, so that they may rise abovt
tho grades now allotted to them b}
these umigrution schemes and "em
ployment agencies," and bask in th?
full suu.sbiue of frcodom aud perfec
equality. They observe that n(
higher position is assigned any o
them than that of menials in th<
houses of their deliverers, or laboren
on Northern farms; but ti ill, bavin)
landed within the area of freedon
and civilization, the path of advance
ment bas beeu opened wide fo
them, and they may have yet cuus
to bless the day they were release
from their homes ou tho "old pluuto
tion," to bo taken care of by th
Christian, kind-hearted aud philnn
thropic people among whom their lc
has now been cast. Wo hopo that i
the pleasant homes to which they ar
now being consigned by the beuevt
lenee of tho nation, tboir musici
lips will novel* utter tho old refrni
they used to sing-"Oh! carry m
back;" but, ns contented and "loyal
citizeus, they will demean thcmselvi
as becomes their relation of "me
aud brothers" to the people union
whom thoy live, aud with whom thc
aro hereafter to associate. So niue
for the happy change now bein
wrought out for the "rising genen
tion," which have been freed fro;
"tho yoko of bondage."
But this truthful journal of civil
zation could not let the opportuuil
slip of uttering some slander agaiu
tho Southern people, for it closes tl
paragraph quotedabovo as follows:
"Agents of tho Bureau and Freei
mon's Commission inform us tin
tho Southern people endeavor to ir
press upon tho minds of ' he negro
that when they reach the North tb(
are sold into slavery in Cuba; but tl
imposition is too apparent to del
many negroes from emifrruting here
when opportunity offers."
We very much doubt if ever any
Bureau Agents, or auy other officials
acquainted ..with the feelings of the
'Southern people to their .late slaves
and 'heir offspring, ever gave this
mebQjeious"sheet any Bitch informa*,
tion as the above. We venture to
assert that there is not one former
8laTe-?wneAr-"-not one master or mis?
tress-who have raised the children
of their ''people," and token care of
them in sickness and in health, who
would not be rejoiced to see them
thrive and prosper in their new condi?
tion in life. They may have doubts of
the efficacy of tho means and agencies
used to accomplish that end; they
may oven doubt the sincerity of those
engaged in the work; but that they
would interpose or obstruct any efforl
made in that direction, is eithei
gross misrepresentation for a pur?
pose, or sheer falsehood. Theil
whole conduct and bearing, as r
people, towards the colored popula?
tion, amply proves that ono of theil
most earnost desires is to advance
their interests, and to engage heartily
in the work of their religious anc
educational instruction. But thc
statement we comment on is only an
other shameful allegation of Harper'i
Weekly against the peoplo of th<
South, and needs no further refuta
The Cheraw Advertiser says tba
the following are fixed facts:
First, that a convention will bi
called in this State by an overwhelm
ing majority, and that the constitu
tion framed by that convention wil
be ratified by a like majority. Nearb
one-half of tho white voters are dis
franchised by the last explanator;
supplementary Act ; but if thero wa
no disfranchisement, tho colored vot
will bo a unit, which would of itsel
call a convention. In addition to th
colored vote, however, we think i
safe to add a majority of tho whit
vote to that of tho colored in favor o
In the next place, the constitutioi
framed by the convention will b
adopted by tho popular vote by
similar majority to that for the call c
The next fixed fact is, that th
Stato will be recoustructed in fu'
accordance with tho Act und its sur.
piemonte; that is, it will be thc
roughly radicalized-will elect a rad
cal delegation to Congress, and cast
radical vote in tho next President.'
election. If these are fixed facts, s
wo suppose, the next fixed fact is, i
the meeting of Congress in Decen
ber, tho constitution adopted by tb
people will be approved by Congresi
and the Senators and Representative
will be admitted at once to the
seats in that body. Thus the lead(
in the rebellion-the first State tin
attempted to withdraw from tl:
Union-will be tho first to got bac
out of the cold.
If tho three propositions uboi
named aro fixed facts, wherein coi
sists the wisdom, policy or patriotis
of opposing what is inevitable? Ever
thing will work much moro smooth
and satisfactorily, if our peoplo w
act in unison and harmony.
-* ?? to?
THK NEGROES AND Cnoi>n.-Tl
Viken J'ress hus been favored wi
tho following extract from a priva
letter to a friend, relating to ero
and politics, of that part of Barnwi
District lying near Savannah Biver
"Thero seems to bo a strong roc
cal furore amongst tho colored ye
maury (?) in thia section; but furth
down on tho river, I henr tho tide
turning in favor of tho Democral
I, too, shall vote "no convemtion,"
1 don't chango greatly in my vio'
this fall. Our agricultural prospec
aro so much bottai' than they we
last year, that wo are all quito jul
lant at the idea of making fair co
crops. This crop is gouorally ve
good; cotton quito healthy and fi
of fruit, but tho .stalks small for t
season. I think most persons w
next year curtail considerably t
land planted in cotton this year, ai
buy fowor kinds and less quantities
commercial manures, most of whi
seem, since tho war, to be of lit
Our Proposition for a. Convention.
In referring to the meeting and
proceedings of the Convention lately
held in this city, wo expressed tho
opinion that it was not a fair or full
representation of the whole people of
South Carolina, or that its platform
was the exponent of their political
sentiments upon tho issues now be?
fore thom; for, although they, like
ourselves, we are convinced, are in
favor of a speedy reconstruction
.under the laws pfc Congress.jyet they
also believe that a simple conformity
to these laws is sufficient, without the
organization of parties, or exhausting
political discussions. We therefore
proposed a convention of thc people
of the State, to bo elected and organ?
ized by both white and black citi?
zens, solely for the pnrpoee of uniting
our people, and to prevent the forma?
tion of distracting und demoralizing
party cliques or organissatious of any
kind whatever. The Anderson Intel
ligencer, after noticing the suggestion,
"We heartily approve the sugges?
tion of our cotemporury, for the rea?
sons already assigned, and for the
additional reason that there is only
ono wny to meet the issue before the
people-namely, by united organiza?
tion. All means aro unavailing while
the pooplo are divided in sentiment,
and torn by cliques and factions.
The lamentable condition of affairs
admonishes every man that it is
necessary to be alivo to the true inte?
rests of the State, at."? not allow
passive, inactive conduct on our pari
to bring about the destruction pre
dieted already. Should tho worsl
ensue, it will be chargeable in the
main to tho supine indifference and
neglect of tho masses themselves."
The State should not be allowee!
to go by default, and the unity ol
ber people, in some mode of action,
can alone prevent such a misfortune,
The Spartauburg Spai'lan says of the
"We are under the impression tba
if suitable persons, and a prope:
number of them, would take the bu
siness in hand immediately, aud us<
tho necessary zeal and precaution, i
eouvontion could bc called. But sucl
a convention as the Phoenix desire
cannot bo had in thc manner pro
posed. The people of the conutr
I will not now go to the polls for an;
party measure whatever. If ther
be any difference between radical
ond conservatives, there must bo pat
i ties. The radical party throughon
the South is thoroughly organized
und everybody knows that a well 01
gani zed ? purty, though rt minority
can defeat the measures of au unoi
gauized majority. If tho conserva
! tive people of South Carolina desir
I a convention, to consider the alarm
ing condition of the country, t
interchange opinions, come to a mn
tual understanding, adopt a commo
plan of defence, and pledge eac
other to faithful and vigorous efforl
for tho publie, safety, we raise bot
hands in its fuvor. If so d?termin?e
we beg leave to suggest that th
better plan would be, through th
newspaper press, to call a mass mee
i?g of both races, on sales-day, i
September next ensuing, at each an
every town rind village in the Stat?
and then and there appoint suitubl
persons who may be willing to serv
os delegates, equal in number to tl:
Legislative representation of eac
District and Parish."
We assure our excellent cotempi
rary that we are not wedded to tl
mode of procuring such a conventiu
as wo proposed, and if his suggestif;
is tho most feasible-whioh it may I
-we will cheerfully sanction an
support it. AU we desir* is, that tl
State should suffer no detriment fro
any unwarrantable apathy on tl
part of her people.
ANOTHER SENSATION*.-Tho Miner r
a French paper, printed in Montrer
A Protestant minister, whoso lett
is under our eyes, originated tho ide
of assassinating President Lincol
Tho Confederate agents in Canad
whoLe answer wo also hold, decline
the proposal, and tho minister the
resorteel to a private attempt,
need be, wo could give his name, tl
place whero he is at present resielin
in one of the Northern States, in
city well known, whero he occupi
au important post, and is respecte
The President and Secretary Stanton, j
The opecinl Washington correspon?
dent ot the New York Herold for?
wards a despatch to that paper, of the
7th instant; from wbio^i we extract
The Secretary of "War has refused
the President's polite- invitation to
retire from office. The President's
note is very brief, only four lines in
length, and simply states that "grave
public considerations constrain him
(the President) to request Mr. Stan?
ton's resignation." Mr. Stanton's
answer is also very brief, and intend?
ed to be severo and outting. The
Secretary acknowledges the receipt
of tho President's note requesting
his resignation, and answers that
"grave public considerations con?
strain him to continue in the position
of Secretary of War until tho next
meeting of Congress."
At tho Cabinet meeting to-day,
Secretary Stanton was not present.
The subject was discussed at much
longth, and the session was quite
It is not decided what step Mr.
Johnson will next take, but I think
he will notify Mr. Stantou tin. \e is
no longer Secretary of War, aud
must vacate forthwith.
After the adjournment of tho CaVi
net meeting, the President was clo?
seted with bis secretaries, Col. W. G.
Mooro and Col. Robert. Morrow,
until 10 o'clock to-night. It is sup?
posed that this unusually late confer?
ence with bis secretaries bad refer?
ence to the Stanton imbroglio.
It is said that Secretary Seward is
not altogether in favor of tho Presi?
dent's action in this matter, and that
he and Thurlow Weed are about to
strive to save Stantou's head again.
A year ago, when there was serious
thought of removing Stanton, Weed's
and Raymond's influence, coupled
with Seward's entreaties, induced tho
Presideut to abandon the iden. Se?
ward, at that time, argued that Stan?
ton bad been n very badly abused
man, aud that, though he might have
committed small offences, still, iu
view of bis great services, such trifles
should be overlooked. It is now said
by the friends of the President that
Stanton's offences are not mere trifles,
but amount to a deliberate system of
thwarting the Presideut, obstructing
his policy in every way, and insulting
him repeatedly in bis official inter?
course. The President, it is claimed,
has determined to tolerate this no
longer, and has put his foot down
The despatch also gives the follow?
ing as the substance of the corres?
pondence between the two parties,
which, the correspondent says, was
denied to the press:
WASHINGTON, August 5, 1867.
To Edwin M. Slanlon, Secretan/ of
Sm: Grave public considerations
constrain me to request your resigna?
tion ns Secretary of War.
President of the United States.
WASHINGTON, August 6, 1867.
To His Eecellency Andrew Johnson,
President of the United States.
Sm: Your note, informing me that
grave public considerations constrain
you to request my resignation as Sec?
retary of War, baa been received.
In answer, I havo to state that grave
public considerations constrain me
to continue in the office of Secretary
of War until tho next meeting of
EDWIN M. STANTON,
Secretary of War.
RAIN AND THE CROPS.-From every
quarter of this and adjoining Dis?
tricts, we bear charming accounts of
tho crops. A very largo yield indeed
will bo made, as wo have already hf rt
ulmost enough rain to secure it. It
has been a little dry in tho lower part I
of Greenville, but parties from that
section report that the want has been
supplied by heavy aud soaking falls |
of water.-Greenville Enterprise.
GOOD RAINS.-Sinco our last issue, '
the farmers' hearts in this District I
have been rejoiced with copious
rains upon their thirsty fields. The
oona crop in some sections bad suf?
fered for tlie want of rain.
ACCIDENTAL DROWNING.-A freed?
man named-Williams was
drowned while fishing off Fort Sum?
ter. Tho body has not been reco?
A fire broke out in Mobile on Sa?
turday, destroying $20,000 worth of
property before it could be subdued.
I Looal .Tto^Tacs?.
PosT OFFICE HOUBS.-Thc office is
open from 8 a, m. until 3>? p. m.,
and from fi until 7 p. m. The North- *
ern mail closes at By, p. m., and all
other mails close at 8 p. m.
TuirriiE SOUP.-Tho lovers of this
delicate preparation cnn be gratified
by calling at the Pollock House, this
morning. Mr. Pollock's cook under?
stands his business thoroughly, as nil
who participated yesterday will freely
F6 it, STAR-GAZERS.-To-hight, the
10th instant, is that appointed by the
astronomers of Europe and this
country for* a brilliant display of me?
teoric yagaries. As faithful chroni?
clers of nil phenomena, whether'in
the skies or upon the earth, we give
this information for the benefit of
our readers. Wo hope those who
avail themselves of it w ill not be dis?
The philosopher (so-called) J. N.,
attempted to "lift the veil," last
night, in front of Nickerson's Hotel,
bnt owing to the "pressure," he was
not very successful. Persons at a
distance of six or eight squares were
entertained, as the philosopher has
the voice of a Stentor. His argu?
ments-if arguments they can be
called-are satisfactory to a certain
extent, but whether or not they avail
anything at the present juncture of
affairs, is another matter.
JOB PBINTINO.-The Job ' Office of
the Phoenix is as complete os any in
the South. It is furnished with new
fonts of type of all descriptions and
of the most modern styles. All work
executed promptly, with taste and
skill, and at reasonable rates.
"THEM'S OCR SENTIMENTS."-A
gentleman once asked, "what is wo?
man?" when a married man replied:
"She is an essay on grace, in one vo?
lume, elegantly bound. Although it
may be dear, every man should have
a copy of it."
WAKING UP.-Harper's Weekly, "a
journal of civilization," (?) recently
contained the subjoined "growl" on
the condition of the country. This
weekly belongs to tho ultra-radical
sohool, and helped os much as any
other journal in the Union to bring
about the very deplorable state of
things it now complains of. What
does this "loyal" sheet mean by the
startling annonnoemeutthat the pub?
lic, "sooner or later, will rebel against
"We cannot help thinking, and
saying, too, in strict confidence to
the readers of this journal, that
.stupid, and dull, and voiceless aa the
public may be, he has some rights
which politicians will, sooner or later,
have to recognize. Ho is now paying
tax at the rate of seven per cent,
more than is paid by the most heavi?
ly taxed people in Europe, and at the
same time he is paying for the com?
modities of all kinds and labor 150
per cent, more than any other people
in the world. In England, the taxes
are heavy, no doubt, but food, cloth?
ing and rent are cheap. In Russia,
living is expensive, but the taxes are
light* but here in the United States
tho publie groans under the simulta?
neous burden of heavy taxes and
high living. We have a notion that,
sooner or later, he will rebel against
this load, and that tho party that
laid it on his shoulders will itself be
laid pretty low."
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Atteutiou lu call?
ed to the following advertisements, which
are published this morning for the first
T. M. Pollock-Turtle Soup.
M. J. Calnan-Registration 2d Prociuct.
D. H. DoSaussure-Salo of Real Estate.
C. L. Anderson-Registrat'n 3d Precinct.
J. C. Janney-List of LottorB.
P. Cantwell-Racon Strips, Pig Hame.
A Ano lot of Desirablo Goods have just
l)eon opened by Mr. R. C. Shivor, who still
ulheres to his popular principle of good
articles for little money. Read his adver?
tisement, and then examiue the goods.