Newspaper Page Text
. Saturday Horning, August 31,1867.
Tho Dethroned King.
Tho Northern papers are getting
alarmed, lest the supremacy and con?
trol of the great staple of the -South
would pass from the hands of those in
this country -who have hitherto hold
them with but little rivalry. The lords
of the spindles and looms of New Eng?
land are also beginning to entertain
serious apprehensions, lest they bo
deprived of their cheap supply of the
raw material, and bo compelled to go
abroad and buy foroign-grown cotton.
The New York Times has been
looking into this matter, and bas
.como to the conclusion that the cot?
ton crop planted this season does not
.promise an increase over that of last
year, even without the usual accident
. of flood, worm and frost. To account
.for this state of things, the Times
goes on to say, that there has been a
withdrawal of labor, but omits en?
tirely the cause of this diminution of
labor on the cotton-fields. It ignores
the fact, that the class of tho best
. cultivators of cotton in the world bad
been seduced from their work in this
great agricultural department of the
South by illusory theories of fnture
i social and political elevation.
The most amusing position which
the Times takes, in its endeavors to
solvo tho problom of the great de?
crease in the production of cotton, is,
that tho lands have deteriorated, and
that there is no new land suitable for
the cultivation of tho staple. "We, of
the South, know tho absurdity of
such an argument. The lands, instead
of deteriorating, havo increased in
value in their productive qualities,
and if the proper labor was to be had
in sufficient quantity, they would
yield in greater abundance than they
have done for many years post.
The Times makes a most remark?
able suggestion, viz: that a conven?
tion of cotton growers and cotton
spinners bo held, to confer on tho
extraordinary causes which have
prostrated the interests of both, and
*'to devise means by which tho cot?
ton contest with England may be
waged in the mutual interest of
each." Such an assemblage would
be a greater farce than that held in
Philadelphia hist year. Tho South?
ern cotton growors and tho Kow
England spinners have no "mutual
interest." ibero is no affinity ol
any sort existing between them. Thc
former havo been always clogged it
their operations by tho latter and
their representatives in Congress, ir
the shape of high tariffs, heavy taxa
tion, wh?t?i increased the price oi
almost oveij article that the planto
needed; and in addition to all this
kineo the emancipation of the cottoi
laborers, they havo levied a tax o:
three cents on every pound of thc
raw material grown in tho Southeri
States, thus not only lessening th(
revenue of the land owner, but dc
priviug the colored man of $12 ot
evory halo of cotton which may corni
to him as tho product of his labor.
This unjust tax upon both th<
whites and blacks of tho South shout,
at least bo taken off. The freedmoi
should bc encouraged by their North
ern friends to form habits of indus
try, and persevere in tho productioi
of the staple they so sorely need fo
their factories. They ought to sa;
to thc class of laborers for whoa
> they profess so much friendship
that a large production of cotton i
infinitely of more iruportanco thai
any party or political success. The;
ought to hasten, by every means ii
their power, tho restoration of th
Southern States to their rightfu
position in tho Union. All this cai
bo dono without any mixed conven
tion of tho kind proposed by th
Times, and would do moro to re-en
throne tho deposed king than all th
political haranguors from Maine t
Texas could effect in a century.
THE HERALD ON GEN. GRANT.-H
t "must turn over his portfolio to civ
I hands. His ideas aro too much ci
|[ shrouded in a military uniform t
suit tho position. He has been con
pletely unhorsed in his tilt with tb
President. Like a trno soldier, h
obeyed orders in assuming his pn
sont duties. Lot him as quickly ?
possible givo placo to other and abb
brains, retaining solely tho genera
ship of our armies."
Letter from Stevens.
Allusion was made in our tele?
graphic despatches to a letter from
Thad. Stevens. The following is the
letter referred tor
LANCASTEB, PA., August 26, 1867.
CoL Samuel Schock, Columbia, Pa.
DEAR Sm: You are right in sup?
posing that Congress made mistakes,
as is the inevitable lot of man, bnt
you mistake in supposing that there
is any law to prohibit the removal of
dint riot commanders without the con?
sent of the Senats. Soon after the
commencement of tho last session of
Congress, I reported a bill from tho
Committee of the House of Repre?
sentatives, whioh contained a provi?
sion prohibiting removal without tho
consent of the Senate. It passed tho
House and was sent to the Senate.
Tho Senate struok it out and returned
it to the House, who refused to con?
cur in tho amendment. Tho result
was ii com mit too of conferonco, whore
an animated contest ensued.
There were several other questions
in controversy between tho houses,
which the Hoaso offered to yield if
this could bo granted. The Senate
persistently refused, declaring that
they would sooner lose tho bill. As
that would frustrate all our legisla?
tion, it could not be allowed. Tho
Houso yielded, with a warning of tho
evils it would inflict upon the coun?
try. Some of the members of tho
Senate seemed to doubt their power
under the Constitution, which they
had just repudiated, and outside of
which all agreed wo wero acting, elso
our whole work of reconstruction
was usurpation; or perhaps they had
a desire to bo thought gravely con?
servativo and magnanimous.
These ideas Beomed to control tho
action of somo half dozen Senators
who proferred trusting tho President.
My dear Colonel, a few Senators of
great ability, undoubted patriotism
and purity, havo become so saturated
with what they were pleased to call
"conservatism," (whoso meaning I
confess I am unablo to understand,)
that I fear they will forget tho mon?
ster that was slain in 1770, and agaiu
in 1861, and will thus do groat da?
mage to tho creation of a Govern?
ment now so capable of beiug con?
verted into a political paradise. This
is liable to happen, not so much by
direct and palpable attack upon its
frame-work, as by gradually forgetting
tho vital principles of tho Declara?
tion of Independence.
Strike out ono of tho living sparks
which givo life to our Goddess of
Liberty, and the mysterious and in?
tonso heat whoso welding fires nearly
a century ago and at present are
fusing principles of freedom and re?
ducing despotism to ciuders, will
gradually cool, until tho most con?
servative despot could thrust his
oworcl iuto it without affecting its
temper. I have said above that I
did not know the meaning of the
word "conservatism." I have since
seen the report of a speech said to
havo been made by an Ohio Senator
at Canton, Ohio, which, if it be
truly reported, and is to he considered
a definition of that doctrine, then it
to me is very alarming-worse than
copperheadism. It is legislation with?
out authority, and reconstruction by
usurpation. I am, very respectfully,
your obedient servant,
THE BAY OP SAMAXA.-The first
nows despatch transmitted by Cuban
cable, is the most importaut intelli?
gence wo have received from the West
Indies for years past. It is known
that negotiations havo for somo time
been going on between our Govern?
ment and the Government of San
Domingo, with a view to our acquir?
ing, for thc purpose of a naval sta?
tion, tho largo and beautiful Bay of
Samana. At a cost of .$,">, OOO, OOO,
the bay, with fivo miles of land on
thc ciroumjacent shore, is at last to
become tho property of tho United
States. Tho bay is forty-three miles
in length from East to West, about
eight miles broad, and forms ono of
tho finest harbors in the world. Sa?
mana is said to possess, in greatest
abundance, tho choicest timber for
ship-bnilding, and there are also, on
tho North shore, excellent natural
facilities for repairing vessels. The
acquisition, as a commercial and
naval one, is very valuable, and, poli?
tically, it gives us u controlling posi?
tion in tho Antilles and thc Gulf of
"If Mr. Johnson could only make
np his mind to let tho unreconstruct?
ed States work ont their destiny in
peace, thero is no reas.ri why both
races (whito and black) should not do
their share toward tho regeneration
of ono of tho fairest portions of our
republic."-New York Tribune.
If tho New York Tribune and its
radical friends had taken to them?
selves tho samo advico it now gives
to Mr. Johnson, and had indeed loft
tho South to "work out" its "destiny
in peace," we should have had peace
and abundance beforo this day.
A woman with three husbands is
in trouble in New York.
TJie District Commander?.
The New York Tribune, of the
27th, hos the following double-leaded
Oditorinl on the removal of Generala
Sickles and Sheridan :
What order Gen. Sickles has diso?
beyed, what authority he has usurped,
the people have not yet been informed.
The President, in removing him, has
simply exercised arbitrary power,
without justification or excuse. Gen.
Sickles has boen removed solely be
causo he enforces the laws of Con?
gress according to the letter, and in
the spirit the people dictate-because
the President will not have them en?
forced. It is war upon the laws that
Mr. Johuson has begun-plain war,
under tho color of Executive author?
ity to remove and appoint. General
Cunby, who is to succeed Sickles, is
yet to bo tried, and wo need not
doubt that the President will try him.
In Maj-, lSb'5, he was appointed to
tho command of the Department of
the Gulf, retaining it till superseded
by Sheridan; but while in that posi?
tion assumed no responsibility upon
which his course in tho Carolinas may
bo justly predicted. This much needs
to bo said-tho successors of Sheri?
dan and Sickles, tho men appointed
by Andrew Johnson, cannot escape a
certain suspicion. Generals Canby
and Hancock must bo content with a
suspension of judgment, and aro en?
titled to that consideration by their
honorable record us soldiers. They
will stand or fall, as they arc foes or
frionds of the law.
Tho Tribuue has been severely cri?
ticised because it has criticised Gen.
Grant. Wo do not regret anything
wo havo said of tho Goueral of tho
Army; wo found him silent in tho
President's Cabinet, and tho officiai
instrument by which Sheridan was
removed. Wo demanded to know
why he accepted such an extraordi?
nary position before wc chose to sus?
tain him therein. We are now re?
joiced to Bay that, if his lotter to tho
President, if tho news wo print to?
day, do not fully provo that General
Grant is a thorough Republican, they
unquestionably do provo that ho ia
not in sympathy with Andrew John?
son. Mr. Johnson has over-ruled his
arguments, and reversed his orders,
and has even gone so far as to direct
Sheridan to go at once to tho plains,
though Grant had summoned him to
Washington. Nay, ho bas gone fur?
ther; ho has instructed Gen. Thomas
to maintain all orders ho should find
in force in the Fifth District; tho
President instructs Hancock to annul
whatever ho sees tit. This is a direct
issue, aud no man, who honestly ho?
nors Grant for his services in thc
field-who honestly desires to know
him ns a friend of reconstruction
will fail to rejoice that it is mudo.
There is :i gulf between the people
and thu President, and those whom
tho people trust must stand upon theil
side of it. No bridge io possible. Nc
mun, however great his popularity,
eua reconcile belief in the laws ol
Congress w ith voluntary obedience tc
the President's policy; und thosoonei
tho "open rupture" which General
I (Inuit's frionds predict, occurs-tin
sooner he speaks as ti soldier should
! tho hotter it will be for himself anc
for the country.
TiunuxE SCRAPS.-The following
paragraphs, from tho Tribune, o
Wednesday, show tho temper of thc
partisan journals of the North, undei
tho revolution now in progress a
Tho National intelligence}' think
that the now members of the Cabine
snould be mon "who aro not trouble!
about their record, or anxiously
solicitous about their futuro." W<
agree with it, and think it pretty
certain that they will be.
Secretary Stanton, in bis lotter ti
the Mayor of Boston, intimates tba
he remained in the Cabinet for pa
triotic reasons, and claims no mor
merit than justly belongs to nil wb
are ready to beni all, do all, am
.stiller all, that the Government migb
It is said that the President ba
a regular corps of private detectives
paid out of the secret service fune
who aro employed to watch all poi
sous who favor bis impeachment
If he keeps on bis present course, hi
spies will have to watch more tba
2,000,000 of voters.
Mr. Johnson waa not satisfied wit
dismissing Sheridan from his con
maud, and accusing bim of "absolut
tyranny," but ho must couplo til
disgrace with a petty insult, which
President ought to havo bee
ashamed to oller to any of h
subordinates. "Under the guidanc
and instructions of Gen. Sherman,
Mr. Johnson hopes that Sherida
will do some service in tho India
country. Sheridan is likely to d
somo service wherever he goes, pr?
vided he is given a fair chance; au
whatover instructions Sberman mr
give him, wo may bo sure will I
zealously and intelligently followei
But the victor of Winchester ongl
not to bo sent to school to nnybod;
Tho Herald announces the death i
Samuel W. Anderson, Esq., Sheri
of Laurens District, on Sunday las
after au illness of twelve days, fro
fover caused from exposure in tl
discharge of his official duties. Tl
deceased was a member of the M
thothst Church, and leaves a lari
family to mourn his loss.
The Dlitaibnnco mt Mount Pleasant.
The announcement in yesterday's
papers of the disturbance at the re?
gistration precincts on Mount Plea?
sant, and the i nt en ti ou of the com?
mandant of tho post to quell any riot
that might arise, caused the Bock
land to carry more than her usual
complement of passengers. General
Scott, General Glitz, Major Upham
and a force of about twenty men,
proceeded to Mount Pleasant to in?
vestigate the disturbance and put a
Btop to any riotous proceedings that
might take place. On arriving at
tho point, the forco was met by a
largo number of negroes, who accom?
panied thom to tho registration pre?
cinct, whero General Scott inquired
into their grievances and questioned
them on their past conduct. Tho
Gcucral subsequently repaired to the
quarters of Major Everson, tho agent
of tho Bureau at Mount Pleasant,
where he addressed them from tho
General Scott, in tho first instance,
showed thc freedmen that they had
violated every principio of law by
bearing arms contrary to tho express
orders of General Sickles. Ho re?
gretted this course, but imputed it
to their ignorance; if it were other?
wise, they would have been punished
severely. He spoke of their conduct,
and reprimanded them severely, ask?
ing them if they were not aware that
if they persisted in their riotous con?
duct, they would not only alienate
tho affections of tho Southern whites,
but would stir up a spirit of antago?
nism that would only result in their
destruction. The remarks of Gene?
ral Scott were admirably adapted to
tho minds of his hearers, and were
heard with a respectful attention.
Tho folly of their course and tho evil
advice of their leader, Aaron Logan,
were portrayed, and they were plainly
told to dismiss from their minds, at
onco and forever, all ideas about
lands, for they never could be ob?
tained but by their indiuidunl exer?
The* Goneral reviewed tho whole
ground of their complaints and
argued each separately, advising them
to register quietly and return to their
work, as their timo was not their
own, but belonged to their employers.
At the conclusion of his remarks,
tho General invited any freedman
who had felt aggrieved, or who was
tho speaker of tho crowd, to como up
and express his sentiments, ask ques?
tions, kc. One responded, but proved
to bo no speaker, and could not ex?
press his ideas. Ho made assertions
that wcro known to bo incorrect, and
fiually lied in dismay beforo tho
searching questions that wero put
The freedmen, seeing every plank in
their imaginary platform of equal
rights floating away from them, wisely
yielded their opinions to tho convic?
tion that had been forced upon them,
and departed quietly. Gen. Clitzhad
stationed thc troops near the precinct,
but they were not needed, as their
guns, glistening in tho sunshine, re?
minded the freedmen what they might
expect, in casu they attempted a dis?
turbance. The General made a short
speech to tho freedmen, telling them
plainly what they could expect if they
proved refractory, and advised them
to net in accordance with tho rights
of citizenship conferred upon them
by the United States.
Mr. Smith then asked the crowd if
tliey were prepared to register, and
if they were satisfied with Iiis conduct
as Chairman of thc Board. Affirma?
tive answers were given, and the ne?
groes appeared satisfied thnt they had
been governed by false leaders, and
1 had been led astray.
Tho military returned to the city ut
2 o'clock; no further trouble was ap?
prehended, tho negroes being orderly
and quiet. No gnus, or any weapons
beyond sticks, were exhibited, and
there were hardly move than 150 to
200 present during tho discussion.
[Charleston News, 30///.
Oun FAIIII TRADE.-With the ap?
proach of our fall season, we discern
increasing signs of lift? in our great
business centres. Broadway, which
is never dull, is becoming moro lively.
The crowd thickens in Wall street.
In Duane and Church streets, and
other large wholesale centres, all is
bustle and activity. Our imports aro
largely on tho increase. Every vessel
that enters our harbor is moro richly
laden than its predecessor. Our buy?
ers h two beconio less fearful, and have
already commenced to invest in stock,
in expectation of n busy and pros?
perous season. Tho crops, which,
this year, aro unusually heavy, aro
cheering tho hearts of our husband?
men. Sick of thc monotonous gayoty
and tho confined chambers of the
various water-ing places, ourup-town
population will soon have returned to
their largo and air}' mausions, and to
tho more solid and satisfactory life of
homo. A few weeks moro, and the
season will bo nt its height. Our
warehouses, our hotels, our places of
amusement, have all beforo them thc
prospect of a rich and abundant har?
vest.-New York Herahl.
lu Franco, tho consumption of tho
tobacco increases rapidly. All sales
of tobacco aro made by tho Govern?
ment, and whilst, in 1789, tho Go?
vernment received a rovenuo of but
S6.OOD.000 from these sales, in 18G5,
this had increased to 835,000,000.
At present, over 60,000,000 pounds
of tobacco are annually sold in
O. H. Baldwin, Esq., of thia city,
has been appointed by Judge Bryan
a Commissioner of tho United States
Courts for ?outh Carolina.
gistration closed in this precinct yes?
terday. The following is the result:
Whites 322; colored 903. Total
l,fi25. There were twenty-five white
men who could not write their names,
and only eighty colored men who
were able to do so.
We aro informed tbat tho board
will bo at this place on tho 2Stb and
30th of September, when those who
have failed to register at this session
of the board can do so.
FIXE CHEWING TOBACCO.-Wo have
tried some fino chewing tobacco, a
consignment of which tho Messrs.
Peixotto have just received. It is tho
pure natural Leaf, elegantly put up in
packages for retail. It is branded
"Rose-bud," and almost smells as
sweet as a rose. The users of tho
weed will be delighted with this fa?
shionable brand, which wo learn is
now all tho rage in New York and
CONOAREE BRIDGE OF THE COLUM?
BIA AND AUGUSTA RAILROAD.-We
learn that the iron bridge for some
timo in process of construction at
the Tredogar Iron Works, of Rich?
mond, Va., for the Columbia and
Augusta Railroad, to bo plac ed over
tho Congarco River, bas been com?
pleted and is now being shipped. It
consists of three spans 100 feet long
and seven spans 80 feet in length.
Tho aggregate weight of this bridge
is within a fraction of 500,000 pounds.
C. Shalcr Smith, Esq., of Baltimore,
is the engineer. It is built on thc
well-known Fink's plau.
DON'T READ Tins.-Having a com?
plete job printing office, competent
workmen, and superintended by thc
proprietor himself, we aro prepared
to execute every description of book
and job printing-bill and letter
heads, circulars, labels, posters, pro?
grammes, business, wedding and in?
vitation cards, railroad receipts,
chocks, drafts, &c. Our friends will
find it to their interest (and ours) tc
R?VO us a call.
The gift entertainment for the re?
lief of tho destitute poor of thc
South will bo given in Washington
City, on tho "0th of September.
Persons desirous of obtaining tickets
will apply at once at tho PJtcenia
oilioe, as vet.uns are to be made
prior to the 10th of September, sc
that tho necessary arrangements can
APPOINTMENT OP OFFICERS.-Wc
learn from tho Anderson Intelligence)
that Governor Orr has received thc
following communication from Gen
Sickles, in reference to tho future
appointment of officers in this State.
Since thu passage of the reconstruc
tion laws, all officers who were ap
pointed by law received their appoint
meats from Governor Orr, as before
But this power will hereafter be ex
crcised by tho Commanding General
as well as the appointment of officer!
to fill vacancies in elective offices:
HEADQ'RS, SECOND MILITARY DIST.,
CHARLESTON, S. C., Aug. 'J3,1867.
Sir: In compliance with thc ve
quirements of Section 2 of th
Supplement?r}' Act of Congress
approved July 19, 1807, all appoint
incuts to office in this Military Dis
trict will be made by military au
thority as therein provided. In tb?
discharge of this duty, tho Com
manding General desires that al
vacancies in offices, of which you ar
notified, bo reported to tbeso head
quarters, with such recommendation
of persons to fill vacancies as yoi
may bo pleased to make. Your at
tentiou is invited to tho provision
of Section 0 of tho Act aforesaid
requiring that all persons appointe*
to offico iu tho Military District
created by the Act to provide for tb
moro efliicieut government of tb
rebel States, shall tako the oath o
office prescribed by law for officors o
tho Uaited States. I have the hone
to bo, very respectfully, your obe
client servant, J. W. CLOUS,
Capt. 3Sth Inf. A. A. A. G.
POST OFFICE HOURS.-The offico i
opou from 8 a. m. until 3}A p. ni.
and from G until 7 p. m. The North
em mail closes at 3}., p. m., and al
other mails elose at 8 p. m.
Read Udolpho Wolfe's advertise
ments in to-day's paper.
THE NORTH CAROLINA UNIVERSITY
GEN. JOSEPH E. JOHNSTON.-We ob?
serve, from the North Carolina news?
papers, that this old institution
time-honored and illustrious-has uot
been blessed with that degree of pros
? perity, since tho war, which its great
merits deserve. Tho number of stu?
dents has become diminished, and
somo of its professors, and, moro re?
cently, its president, cx-Gov. S wayne,
have resigned. No ouo, familiar with
tho history of the Chapel Hill Uni?
versity, and its great record of dis?
tinguished men, can fail to regret
that it has thus been compelled to
succumb to tho exigencies of the
hour and stagnate, from tho want of
Wo cannot believe that the cause
of this unhappy result has originated
in tho institution itself, but is due to
the prevailing financial and political
depression of the country, and a po- -
i vertj' which compels the young men
of tho State to earn their broad, by
tho sweat of their brow, upon the
corn and cotton fields of their home?
There is, however, as wo believe, a
remedy. Until tho appointment of
Gen. Robert E. Lee to tho presiden?
tial chair of the Washington College,
at Lexington, Va., that institution
likewise languished, and, but for his
presence, would now bo scarcely
thought of. Yet, mark thc change.
The accommodations of the college
contemplate tho prcsouco of only 500
students; yet tho applications for
admission, during thc present year,
aro, as we aro informed, in excess of
800. Why is this? Wc answer, be?
cause our people will have faith in
tho guidance and influence of one
whoso lifo and character illustrate the
noblest manhood. * And ns they love
Lee, so do they love Johnston. The
two names oro woven in ono chaplet,
and together will go down to an ad?
miring posterity. And if our neigh?
bors in North Carolina could induce
him who is last named to accept a
position among them similar to that
which has been conferred upou his
great compeer, thc Old Chapel Hill
would again ring to tho noisy enthu?
siasm of its hundreds of students.
We believe that such a proposition
would be entertained by Gen. John?
ston, and that he would gladly retire
from tho bustle of business to the
shady precincts of ono of tho grand?
est old colleges in the South.
Many a young man in North Caro?
lina and her sister States of South
Carolina and Georgia would gladly
enlist in tho ranks of education,
under such a chief as Gen. Joe John?
ston. Wc should bc glad to have
him in South Carolina, but, as the
opportunity docs not exist, we desire
him to be as near us as possible.
Wc may add, that lew men in the
country possess higher -cicntifie at?
tainments, moro solid learning, or a
moro practical mind, than Gen. Jo?
seph E. Johnston; and it is fair to
presume that when ho brings his
mental forces to charge on the battle
line of ignorance, he bas tho nbility,
as was once roughly enid'by one of
his old soldiers, to "outflank all
SEW ADVEr.TtsEarus'rs.-Attention iscall
o?l to tho following advertisements, which
are uublisbod this morning for Ibo lirai
J. C. Janney-List of Letters.
Misses McGowan-School Notice.
Meeting of Typographical Union.
Fine Fat Beor at Stall No. 7.
J.T. lt. Agnew-Cow Pone.
1). P. Gregg-Dental Notice.
Crawford & Friday-Corn for Salo.
Mrs. Peck-Resumption of School.
A fino lot of Desirable Goods have just
been opened by Mr. lt. C. Shiver, who still
adheres to bin proper principle of good
articles for little money. Road his adver?
tisement, and then oxamiu' tho goods.
TnE BOND AND GREENBACK QUES?
TION.-A correspondent, writing from
Keosauqun, Iowa, to tho Cincinnati
Enquirer, on tho 13th instant, says:
Tho largest meeting that has been
held in Van Bureu County, Iowa, for
many years, was hold iu Koosauqua
ou Saturday, tho 10th of August.
Henry Clay Dean addressed the quiet
and attentive audience for three
hours. Tho audience was of every
part of politics and every sect of reli?
The interest felt in tho payment ot
tho public dfbt in greenbacks was
kindled into tho wildest enthusiasm.
People of all parties acquiesced in
this plan of liquidation. The speaker
argued all of tho questions involved
in tho collateral questions of tariff,
j stamps, and other forms of taxation.
Tho people are with us upon this
I question, which is the key-note of the*
great contest of 18G8. No such suc
j cess has ever attended tho inaugura?
tion of any great question.