Newspaper Page Text
Tuesday Morning, Sept. 3,1867.
'Education at tue South.
The season is approaching for the
?re-opening of our schools, and the
advertising columns of the Pheonix,
as well as most of our Southern co
>fcemporr.ries, give evidence of an in?
creased interest in the subject of edu?
cation, and of superior facilities for
the education of youth, both in the
elementary and more advanced de?
partments: Schools for children,
academies to prepare pupils for col?
lege or university, or for.the practical
business duties of life, are rapidly
multiplying all through the Southorn
States, while the higher institutions
of learning are fast recovering from
the disastrous effects of the late war.
It is truly sad to reflect how many of
our young men have, from the de?
pleting influences of fonr years' civil
etrife, forever boen deprived of tho
advantages of a liberal education;
?but this fact should stimulate our
energies and efforts to promote the
great cause of education of the youth
t who have the opportunity left to flt
themselves for the future citizens of
One great advantage to bo noted
in our Southern countiy is, that we
-have a large accession of superior in?
structors in every department, from
tho fact that many whoso means, in
the past, enabled them to avail them?
selves of the educational benefits
conferred by the best institutions of
learning in the country, have, by, tho
vicissitudes of fortune, been con?
strained to offer their services as
teachers. And no nobler profession,
no more useful employment, could
demand the services of these [accom?
plished laborers in tho field of educa?
tion, from teaching the alphabet to
the demonstration of a mathematical
problem. All in their respective
spheres contribute to tho great work
.of training our sons and daughters
for the important duties and respon?
sibilities of life. The accession of
such a class of instructors as we have
referred to, will, moreover, preclude
tho fancied necessity of sending our
children . elsewhere to receive what
has been called a first-class and ac?
complished education. Especially
will this bo the case in regard to fe?
male education, for it is to bo ob?
served that many ladies of the high?
est station, and who have been fitted
for the duties they now assume at
the best institutions in the country,
North and South, are now offering
themselves as instructors.
In our own State, from the Uni?
versity of South Carolina down to
iho primary schools, wo have not, in
a long experience, observed such
rare facilities for tho education of her
youth. The different schools of the
University aro all directed by compe?
tent professors-men in whom our
people have tho utmost confidence,
both as regards ability and fidelity
whilo tho preparatory schools are not
surpassed anywhere. Our people are
devotedly attached to their State and
the promotion of her best interests,
and in no way can these bo moro
effectually subserved than by sus?
taining her educational institutions.
The necessity for tito quest of a
higher style of education has passed
away, we hope, forovor, and every
interest of patriotism, every dictate
of State pride, should impel ns to
elevate and keep in tho first rank tho
institutions of learning in South
Carolina. If wo do not this, with a
returning prosperity among our peo?
ple-if we do not now maiutain our
own schools nud colleges-wo can
expect nothing elso but a return to
that * foolish , and depleting system
under which our sons and daughters
were sent from homo to completa their
IT PAYS! IT PAYS!-A Washington
telegram says that General Grant's
attention has been called to tho
large number of publio horses, many
of them very fine ones, that aro now
used by prominent civil officials, and
that these officers may be seen any
day driving spans of fino animals
which aro public proporty, and ave
fed on government forage. General
Grant's efforts, says tho World, to
curtail the expenses of the War Do
?)ortment will soon put a stop to this
oak; but there is ono man who put
hp horses back in the stable just in
timo to escapo a humiliating expo?
sure, and that man was Stanton.
Beginnina: to Find 'lt Oat'
A labor congress has been in ses?
sion daring the past week in Chicago.
This body was largely composed of
radicals, and TepreBented snob an
immense constituency that the pass?
age of the following resolution is
'.Resolved, That it is the duty ot
Congress to Bubject tho Federal se?
curities to a taxation equal in amount
to that paid by all other kinds of pro?
perty for the support of Government,
State and national, and that we will
not cease our efforts on this, as well
as every other Bpeoies of legislation
which discriminates in favor of one
class as against another, until it shall
And the passage of the following
shows that there were somo mon of
senso in the body:
"Whereas, the great staple of tho
South (cotton) has been heretofore
not only the chief basis of our foreign
commerce and exchanges, but tho
source of profitable business to a
large portion of tho laboring classes
of Now England, who -were engaged
in its manufacture; and
"Whereas nearly every branch of
industry in the North and West will
suffer more or less, directly or indi?
rectly, if tho United States should, as
anticipated by some, not only lose tho
export cotton trade, but fail to grow
enough for our own domestic uso,
thus forcing American manufacturers
to import cotton from abroad; and
"Whereas the British Cottou Sup?
ply Association have, for a longtime,
boen laboring to bring about such a
result, so that, instead of selling cot?
ton to England, the United States
would have to buy of them cotton,
tho growth of British India or Egypt.
Be it, therefore, .
"Resolved, That this Congress en?
dorso and reiterate tho resolution
adopted by tho National Labor Con?
gress, at Baltimore, last year, to the
effect that tho speedy restoration of
the agricultural industry of the South?
ern States is of vital importance to
tho industrial classes of tho North.
"Resolved, That the speedy restora?
tion of tho Southern States to their
proper practical relations in the
Union is indispensable to thc restora?
tion of their agricultural prosperity."
COTTON AND RICE RECEIPTS IN
CHARLESTON.-The annual statement
of the receipts of cotton and rice in
Charleston, for the year ending on
tho 31st ultimo, is very encouraging,
ns a notable evidence of a recovery,
slow though it may be, from the
ruinons effects of tho war. Tho re?
ceipts of cottou, as we learn from the
Mercury, wero: Sea island, 1G,388
bales; uplands, 148,970 bales; against
a "receipt, for the previous year, of
5,503 bales sea island and 100,211
bales upland cotton. The receipts of
rice are 15,337 tierces, against 4,019
tierces the previous year.
This is highly encouraging, and if
our labor system'can bo moro efli
ciontly organized, and less interfered
with by politics nud politicians, we
have little doubt but the close of tho
next season will exhibit still more
i m ? ?
NORTH CAROLINA.-Our sister State
is fast recovering from thc paralysis
caused by the war, and is recuperating
her energies with very commendable
promptness. The Asheville News
gives the following cheering account
of tho progress that is being made on
thc Western North Carolina Bailroad:
"Major Wilson has completed tho
survey of the Westorn North Carolina
Railroad from Marshall to Paint Rock
and will report to the meeting of tho
Board of Directors, which convenes
at Salisbury on the 29th. The con?
tracts for glading the road, it is ex?
pected, will bo let out early next
month, at the Warm Springs.
^ Mr. J. E. Patton, who has just ar ?
rived from the Tennessoo road, in?
forms us that they oro driving the
work to tho North Carolina lino as
fast as possible. They have at least
500 hands employed on tho work.
Tho Western North Carolina Railroad
Company have takon tho ?800,001) of
Stato bonds (tho State's subscription
to tho road) at par, and we understand
that au agent has gone North to com?
plete tho salo of these bonds, which
can bc dono on favorablo terms.
Tho following card appears in tho
Baton Rougo Adv?cale: Sir: Allow
mo to pronounco myself as a candi?
date for Congress in this District.
I will state to tho public my princi?
ples: 1. I am in favor of taking tho
tax. off of the cotton. 2. I am in
favor to computerate tho war debt.
3. I nm in favor of freo trade with
all nations. 4. I am in favor of
frcoiug all the colored people in
Cuba. 5. I am in favor of tho sub?
jection of Mexico. G. I ara in favor
of freo trade aud sailor's rights. 7.
I nm in favor of every man having a
fdantation when ho works for it. I
tope my connmerous friends will
support mo in this undertaking, and
clear this couutry of tho troubles it
is now in. Your friend,
What a Solatia Carolinian hi Doing.
The following extract, from a letter
tc a gentleman in Angosta, Ga., from
on intelligent planter in this State,
we find in the Republican, of that
city. They are worthy of the consi?
deration of our agricultural friends
generally throughout the State:
Sometime after the close of the
war, I found that my opinions upon
the subject of the availability of the
labor of tho country, in the person of
the black man, differed so widely
with many of my best friends-who
contended that the labor of tho co?
lored race as freedmen could not bo
mado available-that I determined to
test my own notions; and, for this
purpose, left the city and rented a
farm, where I might mako the trial
upon my own plans. I took the
First, that by fair and houest deal?
ing with them, we could inspire and
restore lost confidence; second, by a
system of education, elevate their
conceptions of* honor and honesty;
third, that it is the duty of the white
man, South, to honestly and fairly
instruct them ns to their rights ana
privileges as citizens, that they may
become allied to us, and satisfied to
remain among us iu the capacity of
laborers. All of which I undertook
to carry out, at a very considerable
risk to person and property; and am
fully satisfied, from actual expe?
rience, my theory is right and practi?
cal in its widest sense. I got into
possession of tho farm I nm now
working, on January 1, 1SG7; tho
first act was to fit up a building in
my yard, which was to be used ex?
clusively as a school-houseaud church
for the colored people aloue, which I
did under protest. I then, 011 my
own responsibility, without books or
money, employed a talented, accom?
plished Southern lady as teacher, at
$50 per mouth, and opened a freo
school, night and day. I next em?
ployed my ten farm hands, aud a
practical, honest colored niau as over?
My school flourished and increased
daily, until now it numbers seventy
day, fifty night, and over ono hun?
dred Sunday School pupils, and my
crop is tho best that has grown on
the place for twenty years. And all
this has been accomplished without
an unpleasant word between me and
my laborers, or among themselves;
and many who entered the school
not knowing their alphabets, are now
able, in a pretty respectable way, to
write their own letters. The resnlt
of this is, if I had land sufficient in
any part of the Southern States, I
could to-day employ an unlimited
number of hands, the pick of tho
country; for my interest in and for
them they feel a debt of gratitude
that no sacrifice would be too great
for them to make for mo-they aro
ever ready to serve me, and do it
with much greater manifest kindness
and pleasure than when I had the
authority to command them.
COLLISION OR SEGREGATION?-A
correspondent of tho Now York
It is duo to the Southerners to say
-and I willingly give them credit for
this virtue, because it has not been
adequately recognized-that their
conduct toward their former slaves
lias been marked by great kindness
and generosity. Slavery, with nil its
evils, at least did not extinguish hu?
mano sentiments in tho breast of the
master, unless he was by nature a
brute. Broken-down planters will
pour into your ear their dire prognos?
tications, but you will notice that at
the same time they will shara their
last bushel of corn with thc poor
"nigger" thnt cared for or played
with Miem in their childhood. Every
day witnesses in the South ton thou?
sand such instances of practical be?
neficence of this kind, that aro very
beautiful aud very creditable to
It is among tho possibilities that
an entirely different solution of this
questiou from any that is now antici?
pated, may como about-that instead
of a collision of races, there may be a
segregation of races. Tho natural
habitat of the negro is in that part of
the South that most approximates
the tropics. It happens, at the same
time, that this part is also thnt iu
which the blacks, being in tho as?
cendancy, will exercise most political
power. Thither, therefore, both by
instinct and by interest, thoy will
tend to gravitate. Wo may, there?
fore, seo a re-distribution of the
negro population, characterized by
an abandonment of tho Northern tier
of Southern States, and a concentra?
tion on tho States of the Gulf. In
this case, tho movement would pro?
bably bo accompanied by a counter
move of the whites in the Gulf
States toward the region vacated by
tho negroes. I mention this simply
as a possible event, iu case tho antago?
nism of the races should show itself
moro violent than now appears.
Tho Wisconsin papers tell of a
zephyr which passed through the
town of Mondovia tho other day.
"It swept nearly everything in its :
path for a space of from oight to I
ten rods in width, twisting trees
from one to two foot iu diameter, in
two, and carrying tho tops some I
distance. Tho bodies of largo trees :
were distinctly seen at tho height of j
100 feet in air, tossed and whirled '
about with tremendous force. i
"Con?l?tcncy. Thou ?rt a Jewel."
The Savannah Republican, a con?
sistent Republican paper, edited bj &
Northern man, denonnces the order
imposing a fine on Captain McNeil y
for refusing to sell a colored woman a
first-class cabin passage on his boat.
We brand this act as unjust, sim?
ply because tho justice, so-called,
cl?alt out to Captuin McNelty, an
honest, law-abiding, tax-paying citi
z( n of South Carolina, is not the same
ns ho would receive under similar cir?
cumstances in Massachusetts or any
other Northern State, and there is
not a Republican or radical in the
United States that dare dispute our
assertion, or controvert it with stub?
It is not three months since the
conductors and drivers on tho city
railroads of radical Philadelphia,
where there is, perhaps, ono colored
citizen to every thousand white peo?
ple, wore constantly running their
cars off the tracks, and thereby
greatly impeding public travel, rather
than permit a respectable and tidy
colored person to ride in their public
conveyances. * * ?
We know, also, from personal obser?
vation, that tho captains on the
steamers that ply between Boston
and Bangor, Boston and Portland,
and on all the magnificent Long
Island Sound boats, positively refuse
to allow a colored person to sit at thc
first table with the white passengers.
We also know that out of all the
places of pnblic amusement in radical
Boston, with its Republican city go?
vernment, there is but one-tho Bos?
ton Museum, owned by Hon. Amos
Kimball, a Republican-where no
distinction is made in tho audience
on account of color. Wc also happen
to know that, at the time the Prince
of Wales' grand ball was given at the
Boston Academy of Music, a highly
respectable colored man applied to
tho committee for a ticket, intending
to attend tho soireo with his wife,
but was promptly refused. We never
recollect, during a residence of twen?
ty-six years in Boston, our native
city, having seen a person of color
seated at one ot the public hotel
tables, and though wo are not aware
of any statute which forbids the ex?
ercising of such a privilege on the
part of the colored people of Massa?
chusetts, we eau positively assert,
aud without fear of contradiction,
that were tho colored people ns
largely in the majority in Massachu?
setts and other Northern States as
they are in South Carolina, Georgia,
and the other Southern States, the
Caucasian prejudice against the negro,
judging from the amount we daily
seo exhibited there, would bo so
strong, that the lines of social demar?
cation, about which wo hear so much
senseless talk, would bo much more
closely drawn than at present.
GEN-. CANDY'S OPINIONS.-Gen.
Canby, who has just been appointed
to the command of the Second Mili?
tary District, is said to have remarked
yesterday, in conversation with a
friend, that ho was not a political
pnrtizan, but that ho had studied the
reconstruction laws thoroughly and
approved them, and that he consi?
dered their faithful execution essen?
tial to tho welfare of the nation. He
thought it the duty of tho Southern
people to accept tho terms offered
them. He is also said to have ex?
pressed his appreciation of thc utility
of thc Freedmen's Bureau, and his
intention of giving its agents all pro?
per and necessary aid in the execu?
tion of their work.
[ Washington Chronicle.
A San Antonia (Texas) paper says:
Though wo hoar considerable said
about damages to thc cotton by flu
army worm, we confidently look fora
larger yield in Texas than sho made
last year. Though late, tho season
has been eminently propitious for the
growth of the plant, and the present
dry and hot weather, it is hoped, will
relievo tho crop, in a largo measure,
from its now only remaining enemy,
the worm. Of the wool interest, wo
can say that Hocks aro reported to be
in most excellent health, and with the
fine range all over our va3t prairies,
a very prosperous season is antici?
pated by the producer of wool. In
fact, there is but ono draw-back to
the picture of prosperity in Texas,
and that is furnished by the political
TUE BUREAU TO HE EXPOSED.-The
proof is being prepared of au amount
of fraud and corruption and gross
abuse, for political purposes, of tho
institution entitled tho Freedmen's
Bureau, that will astound tho people,
who, relying upon tho high character
and Christian reputation of its chief,
have been unwilling to believe that
his subordinates were everywhere,
not only here, but wherever its rami?
fications extend, making it the pre?
text for wholesale frauds upon both
the tax-payers of tho country and
upon the freedmen themselves, nnd
using its machinery aud disbursing
its appropriations for the basest parti
zan political purposes. We speak
advisedly. -Natiomd Intelligence)'.
# ? -
A chime of forty-two bells is to be
seen and hoard in tho Exposition;
it is played with finger keys, like a
piano forte, to any tuno. Four years
were spent in tho construction of tho
The Italian papers continue to an-'
nounce the transit through Milan of
convoys of horses and cattle for the
Frenen Government; they aro im?
ported into France by the Susa Pass.
It is also stated that by the 1st of
September, the French Government
were to receive from the contractors,
a fresh supply of 300,000 Chassepot
rifles and 1,100,000 pairs of shoes.
Few persons now give a warlike con?
struction to these facts. Tho general
impression is that the Emperor is
augmenting his material merely to
increase his moral force in continent?
In the case of D. It. Gage, for vio?
lation of internal revenue laws, by
extortion in office, tho sentence of
the court is that he be imprisoned in
the jail at Greenville until the 19th
of March, 1868, pay a fiuo of $200
and the costs of prosecution, aud, as
tho prescribed legal consequence, be
forever incapable of holding office
under the United States Government.
ESCAPED FROM PRISON.-Informa?
tion from Savannah states that James
Duncan, Commissary of tho Confed?
erate Wirz at Anderson ville, escaped
from Fort Pulaski last week, lie
was iu confinement there, serving n
term of fifteen years' imprisonment,
to which he was sentenced by n court
martial convened at Savannah imme?
diately after the close of tho wai*.
15,000 men are steadily at wolli
upon tho Pacific Railroad line, and
the money already expended har
reached the round sum of $35,000,
000. Of this amount about 10,000,
000 have been paid in by private
stockholders, about 12,000^000 have
been furnished by the United State;
Government, and the balauce bor
rowed by the company.
The Perri?re, of the General Trans
Atlantic Company's fleet, which re
cent ly won the golden medal at th?
I'aris Exposition for superiority ii
speed and safety, eclipsed ou he:
last passage to Paris all her previou
accomplishments, doing tho distano
between New York and Havre ii
eight days and seventeen hours, tin
fastest time on record.
FIRE IN ORANGERUKG, S. C.-W
regret to learn that the residence o
Kev. A. F. Dickson, Pastor of tb
Presbyterian Church at Orangeburg
was totally consumed by fire about
o'clock Saturday afternoon. Ther
was no insurance on the building
The furniture and most of the librar
was fortunately saved.
BRIDGING THE PEE DEE.-"We lear
that the Pee Deo will soon bo spanne
by two noble bridges, ono at Chera1
aud another near Society Hill. It i
expected that both of these bridge
will bc opened for freight and travi
about tho 15th of September.
While ten men watch for chance
one man makes chances, and whi
ten wait for something to turn Ul
ono turns something np-so, win
ten fail, one succeeds aud is called
mau of luck or favorite of fortun
There is no luck like pluck, and fo
tune most favors those who aro mo
indifferent to fortune.
Houston was illuminated by hoi
fires on the 25th, to keep yello
fever away. The Houston journ
says, "If he (Yellow Jack) does com
we will give him such a rouser
to drive him away again." The Tel
graph, of the 23d, says the city is i
healthy as it ever has been.
Among thc new and costly buil
ings in New York is that owned 1
James Brown, and situated in Wi
street. It is of marble, with
frontage of about forty feet, ai
cost $1,000,000. Tho entire rent
of the building is $180,000 per a
Quilp, who has beeu reflecting <
tho very slender frame-work wi
which a fashionable lady often su
xiOrts the appearance of plumptitur
says it reminds him of the Rom
nil nisi bonum-there's nothing
her but her bones!
The Mexican correspondence
tho Now Orleans Picayune says th
no less than 500 Imperial office]
prisoners of war, French, Austria
Belgian and Mexican, have been sh
since the 1st of March, and thc wo
An old woman died in Milwauki
tho other day, whose disease coi
pletely baffied tho skill of tho phy
cians. Upon "opening her stomac
a number of largo crabs, alivo ai
active, wero found.
Applications for bankruptcy in V
giniu, during tho last week, exceed
tho total number niado since t
bankruptcy law passed.
Tho Cincinnati Common Conn
nas decided by a city ordinance th
gas shall cost only two dollars p
A New York misogynist says tl
women will not trado at stores win
there are female clerks, because th
are not treated civilly.
In Chicago, tho keno banks i
closed by tho authorities, but t
players biro a vessel aud go out
tho lake to gamble.
Gen, Grant has ordered tho d
charge of 71 of 140 clerks of the p
Cato, the oidor, said, 'That w
men learned more from fools th
fools from wise men.'
Paris talks of burning its dead
making light of affliction.
Nino regular army surgeons lui
died within three weeks.
After an intermission of several
weeks, owing to tho excessive heat,
Mrs. F. C. Jacobs will resume her
lessons in dancing, at tho residence of
Mrs. Henry Lyons, on Monday, Sep?
tember 16. Mrs. J. was formerly a
pupil of Sig. Planci, of this city, and
also of Mons. Martel, of Philadel?
phia, and during tho timo she has
been giving instruction in this city,
we believe, has given perfect satisfac?
We are indebted to Mr. George W.
Parker, whose mily grocery is lo?
cated on the old Exchange Pank
corner, for a "remembrancer," and
au invitation to call again. We'll do
DON'T READ THIS.-Having a com?
plete job printing oflice, competent
workmen, and superintended by the
proprietor himself, we are prepared
to execute every description of book
and job printing-bill and letter
heads, circulars, labels, posters, pro?
grammes, business, wedding and in?
vitation cards, railroad receipts,
checks, drafts, ?fcc. Our friends will
find it to their interest (and ours) to
give us a call.
AUGUSTA AND COLUMBIA RAILROAD.
The Augusta Chronicle and Sentinel
speaks as follows of this road and its
"Wc have been frequently interro?
gated of late in regard to the pro?
gress which has been made in the
work upon thia road. The public is
becoming somewhat impatient over'
tho delay in its completion, and we
think justly so. More than a year
ago, when the President of the com?
pany was urging our pcoplo to au?
thorize n city subscription to its stock
of $100,000, we were assured that
such a subscription would securo the
completion of tho road in less than
twelve months. Now, after waiting
many months over tho time fixed by
tho officers of the road for its com?
pletion, wo can hear nothing authori?
tative which would encourage the
hope that it will bo finished within
tho next two or three years.
"This is a very important road for
the welfare of this city, and our peo?
ple feel a deep interest in its early
construction. They have ^subscribed
liberally to tho stock, and by the
expression of their approval through
the ballot-box, have authorized the
City Council to make a largo sub?
scription to its stock, at a time when
the city was greatly in debt and our
people very much impoverished by
tho results of the war. We refer now
to these things to show tho great
concern which the citizens of Au?
gusta have manifested in favor of
the work, and with the further view
of urging those who have control of
the work to sparo no efforts to effect
its speedy completion.
"Tho road from hero to Milledge
ville and Macon is progressing rapid?
ly, and wo confidently expect that the
cars on this line will run through to
Macon by the 1st of November. The
city is a large stockholder iu this
road, aud her subscription to the
Columbia Road was very consider?
ably influenced by the consideration
that the completion of tho Columbia
Road would increase the value of her
stock in tho Milledgeville connection.
If the Columbia Road is not pushed
forward, without unnecessary delay,
tho tido of travel will have become
fixed and settled on the interior line
so firmly that it will be difficult to
draw it off. By all moans, le as
have the Columbia Road ind through
at once. "
Read Udolpho Wolfe's advertise?
ments in to-day's paper.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.- Attention IH call?
ed to tho following advertisements, which
tro published this morning f r the Crat
Meeting of Trtto Brotherhood Lodge.
Mrs. f. C. Jacobs-Dancing Lessons.
Meeting of Palmetto Firo Company.
C. Minor-House for Bale.
Blakelv A Gibbes-Commission Agents.
A. R. Phillips-Auction Sales.
Wm. McGtunnis-Cottage for Bent.
A fine lot of Desirable Goods have just
boon opened by Mr. B. C. Shiver, who still
adheres to his proper principle of good
articles for littlo money. Bead his adver?
tisement, and then examine tho goods.
LAUGEST CHECK EVER DRAWN.-lu
tho negotiations made a few years
since, by the Engligh Government,
for a loan of $80,000,000, tho success?
ful contractors were . the Messrs.
Rothschild, and having bee i sup?
ported by the subscriptions of friends,
they were of course recognized as
the acting firm in that important
transaction. In paying tho first
deposit toward this amount to the
Government, tho check they drew
was for tho sum of 80,000,000. This
bank check was probably tho largest
ever drawn at one private banking
house-or, if not, was certainly for a
very large sum.
Cheever's church, in New York,
is to bo used, until Stewart wants it.
as a place of "rational amusement,"
under the auspices of severol gentle?