Newspaper Page Text
Friday Morning, September 6, 1867.
The ClTll Right? BUI.
A New Orleans exchange saya that
the most eloquent advocate of State
rights who ever shouldered a musket,
or paid a tax to subjugate the South,
can do nothing in Ohio or Pennsyl?
vania to relieve the Southern people
from tho local rule of a negro ma?
jority. The Southern people them?
selves can alone remedy this conse?
quence of the civil rights bill; and
the cotemporary alluded to tells how
this may be done:
"1. By aocording to the colored
race all the political and legal rights
to which, BS haman boings emanci?
pated from the disabilities of slavery,
they aro entitled.
? '2. By elevating the electoral power
of the white race by those legitimate
agencies Which have mode it tho do?
minant power elsewhere.
"These aro legitimate means of
maintaining the social standard of tho
South, and preserving in the hands of
tho best qualified men tho local go?
vernment of tho States and munici?
Oar cotemporary is right, and the
extension of their legal rights to tho
freedmen should bo frank and cor?
dial. No discrimination should be
made against the labor or interests of
tho freedman. He should bo mado
to feel that his rights aro protected,in
good faith, and that his interests aro
guaranteed by tho community to
which hu belongs. Among these in?
terests, of course, is that of the edu?
cation of tho freedmen, -which will
make them better citizens and more
Education of the freed people does
not involve tho commixture of colors
in the same schools; nor do political
and legal rights involve social equality,"
aud this tho intelligent among the
freedmen know full well. This is
evidenced by the rare occurrenco ol
attempts to reach that equality, during
the past two years, among tho colored
population of the South. Tho mosl
effective and the most reliable way ol
executing, honestly and faithfully,
tho civil rights bill must, then, belefl
to tho Southern people themselves.
Unity and harmony would then pre
vail among all the citizens of th<
South, and the two races, each dili
gently and honestly working in it
legitimate sphere, would soon estab
lish such an identity of interests a
would insure, in tho future, pena
Tho grain crops promise abun
dance all the world over. The Lon
don Mercantile Journal surveys tin
various grain growing countries o
Europo to ascertain the prospects o
im menso supplies. No deficiency i
ai prehonded in Eugland. In Paris
the stock of flour is the largest eve
held, amounting to 800,000 cwts
The last harvest in tho South of Bus
sia is most abundant; the export
from that section are expected t<
reach 2,000,000 quarters.
Thc conclusion is, that scarcity i
deemed out of the question any
where, and the prospect favors tb
opinion that the grain crops o
Europo will bo moro than usuall;
abundant, and that prices will rul
low. It is a bnd wind that blows no
body good, and tho exports of grail
from the United States this year mus
bo limited, thus furnishing chea
provisions to a needy and destitut
people. Tho crops of grain shippe
will not, us heretofore, furnish au
basis in the balanco of foreign ir
debteduess. This question will thu
again bo referred to tho shipments t
cotton, und such bonds as may L
salcablo in Europo will be tho chi?
resource for the payment of debi
abroad. Cotton bills will bo lal
coming into market, but they ai
specie when they do come, and cm
not fail to exercise a beneficial iufli
onco on prices.
MEET?NCI OF GOVERNORS.-The S
Louis "Democrat suggests, in view <
affairs in >Yashington, that the Ch
vernors of the loynl States meet ti
gcthor at an early day and consu
iu regard to tho situation. It ah
suggests similar consultations on tl
part of tho managers of tho Grat
Army of the Republic.
Sheridan's "magnificcut turn-ou
at New Orleans has been much di
cussed. But his most magnifico
"turn-out" is the ono jost furnish)
him by tho President.
The New York HeraUl, of Sunday,
contains the following vigorous edi?
torial upon the progress of recon?
struction. It will be seen that it says,
emphatically, that no legislation ean
Or shall destroy the whole South; ?nd
that the people must make it their
task, at the coming elections, to give
the whole country such a Govern?
ment as its interests require:
On tho part of Congress, there is a
desiro to usurp completely the execu?
tive power; and by numerous acts,
not as yet daring to overthrow nt a
single stroke, they sap its branches,
and indirectly try to destroy the
trunk of tho tree They nppenr to
forget entirely that we are a people
whose political powers have nriseu to
the surface, born of elements which
have had little sympathy in common,
except the benefit of union; that tho
war was not tho result of political
passions which were tho offspring of
a moment, but rather the culmination
of clashing forces brought unavoida?
bly into contact by our national pro?
gress-which forces, sooner or later,
had to appeal to the sword. We have
destroyed the causes which produced
the war; have eliminated from the
national problem of harmony ono of
the two great elements that had suffi?
cient power to onll armies into tho
field and maintain a fierce conflict for
supremacy. The problem ends here,
however; for wa cannot destroy the
South. We caunot alter her climate,
her productions, her interests based
on agricultural wealth. Wo cannot,
by any enactment of Congress, change
tho brain that climatic and race cause*
produce Wo cannot, therefore, ig?
nore that, do what wc may, our hu?
man laws have little effect in buttling
with those of Heaven. Tho South,
by forced measures, may, to tho gra?
tification of a party, bo represented
for a moment as that party may de?
sire, but it will only be for a moment.
If wo throw into our legislative halla
a representative mass of ignorance,
if will not legislate for the South alone,
it also governs the North. We attach
North and South e<jitally, when we giri
the negro, in his present uneducated
condition, thc elective franchise, ant
with tho South we, too, must sufioi
the control of ignorance, or appeultt
tho inevitable military dictatorship tt
free us from it. Wo have destroyed
slavery-a system of productive euer
gy that could not live in white labo:
contact. Wo may quarrel fifty year;
over what wo foolishly call recon
structiou, and we caunot, with an]
power we possoss, destroy the whoh
South. No legislation will effect it.
The letter which we published yes
terday, from Wade Hampton, con
tainod some truths which are valuabl
for our ^constructionists to study, a
the effect of their efforts to restore
harmony. He prefers the presen
military rule to the rule of ignorane
which thc radical programme wouh
establish. Aside from that love pro
fessed by him for the United State
Constitution, which lie drew tin
sword to destroy, there is much o
good sense in the letter. It indicate
how difficult is thc problem before ll
as Congress has attempted to solv
it. His letter very wisely advocate
tho rights of the negro, but not th
Utopian theories which promise ti
ruin him. It Rays: "We hnvo re
cognized tho freedom of the blacks
and have placed this fact beyond til
probability of doubt, denial or re
Wo cannot carry out reconstructs
ns either the President or Congres
would, each in a radical manner, die
tate. Broad statesmanship will re
main contented in having removei
the causes of tho late war-will foi
got party feeling in tho general good
Tho President, giving a general am
nesty, ns it is rumored that he ma;
do, will restoro harmony to a grea
extent. If ho does not do it, if pai
tisan rulo over him is deeper than hi
statesmanship, the country must sti
suffer. Congress must still drivo o
at its mad, revolutionary pace, au
leave to the people, in tho comiu
elections, the task of upsetting bot
Congress and the President, and th
giving ouco more to tho country
Government which will seek our bes
-, ? ? ?
Atlanta has proved an exception t
other Southern cities, und has ii mi
jority of white registered citizens i
the five wards. Tho total summin
up of registration was, after acarefc
overhauling of the books, ascertaine
to bo as follows: Total registratioi
3,380. Ofthoabovo, 1,765are whit*
and 1,621 colored-making a mnjorit
in favor of the whites of lil.
-? ? ? ?
ON SoLTO GBOUND.-The New Yoi
Journal of Commerce, in reference t
tho rcceut misunderstanding betwec
tho President and General Gran
thinks th? former now stands o
solid ground. Tho editor adds:
is fortunate for tho President that 1
is entirely right, and now reluctant!
admitted to bo so by nearly all tl
radical papers, in claiming tho powi
of removing Distrk. Commander
Had ho assumed in that affair
power which ims not his, but Gen
ral Grant's, he would have lost tl
support which he now derives fro
that largo part of tho communii
who look to tho written law ?is the
guide in all doubtful questions."
PUBLIC MEETINO.-We hare been
roqoested to call a meeting ' of the
merchants of all classes, this morn?
ing, at 10 o'clock, in Gibbes' Hall.
Matters of great importance to the
city will be brought forward and dis?
The jury em pa uncled by Coroner
Walker yesterday afternoon, to in?
quire into the death of Thoa. Holmes,
after a full and careful examination
of witnesses, and all mntters pertain?
ing to the affair, rendered a verdict,
that the deceased came to his death
from accidental drowning.
"COSIIA" BEEF.-Mr. Benjamin T.
Dent, at Stalls Nos. 4 and 12, will
have, this (Friday) morning, a mag?
nificent beef, selected from an ex?
tremely fine drove of cattle purchased
the other day, and butchered in the
peculiar style named above. Our
Hebrew friends will recoguize the
term, and our Christian readers will
not object to a cut of this fine beef
butchered in this way.
We havo been requested to state
that extra fine beef can be found in
tho Market, at Stall No. 1, to-morrow
The alarm of fire, yesterday even?
ing, was caused by the glowing coals
in a tinner's furnace, accidentally left
on the roof of thc Catholic Church,
by one of the workmen engaged in
ita repair. The engines were promptly
DON'T BEAD THIS.-Haviug a com?
pleto job printing otlice, competont
workmen, and superintended by the
proprietor himself, wo are prepared
to execute every description of book
and job printing-bill and letter
heads, circulars, labels, posters, pro?
grammes, business, wedding and in?
vitation cards, railroad receipts,
checks, drafts, Ac. Our friends will
fiud it to their interest (and ours) to
give us a call.
BARE OPPORTUNITY.-The attention
of our readers, both at home and
abroad, is directed to the advertise?
ment of Col. Thomas Davis, to be
found in another column. The build?
ing is, perhaps, tho handsomest in
the city, and, being situated in the
very heart of the city, containing
abundant space for the purpose, it
will make a first-class hotel; and must,
if leased by competent parties, prove
for years a profitable investment to
CHANCE FOR IMPROVEMENT.-As thc
Masons and firemen are erecting a
handsome building on ono side of thc
old City Hall lot, and the neat pro?
portions of thc State edifice loom up
ou the other side, it now becomes
our city authorities to fill the gap
with a structure worthy, at least, of
tho surroundings. Wc sho uld re?
joice, above all things, to see tho
spiro of a new city hall easting its
shadows as of old; and no ono will
deny that our city fathers are enti?
tled, by their laborious duties and
sacrificial discharge of the same, to
something more luxurious than the
pine benches and hard tables of their
present place of convocation.
AVOIDANCE OF SICKNESS.-The air
at this sensou, and especially dur?
ing the alternations of drenching
rains and hot suns, is full of the ele?
ments of disease, to avoid which is,
or should be, the study, as it is tho
interest, of all. To rernerubor, then,
that an empty stomach greedily takes
in miasm, furnishes a rule for our
guidance, which is simple, easy of
practice, and of potent efficacy.
Avoid going into the open air until
after tho morning meal is eaten;
avoid sitting or sleeping in the open
air if tho temperature is in the slight?
est degree chilly, and a safe-guard is
furnished against chills and fevers
and tho usual fall diseases, moro cer?
tain than all the apothecary's drugs
and physician's formulas.
Bead Udolpho Wolfe's advertise?
ments in to-day's pu per.
The following, from an exchange
paper, may bo of interest to some
of our lady readers who frequently
go out to make calld: "A plain card
denotes a passing call; tho lower
right baud corner turned down, a
visit; left hand lower corner, condo?
lence; right hand upper corner, busi?
ness; left hnnd upper corner, adieu."
THE NEW MASONIC ANO FIREMEN'S
HAIJU-LATINO OP THE CORNEB-STONE
and then, the progress of our city is
marked by an episode worthy bf re?
cord-an event which indicates not
only physical growth and commercial
enterprise,, bnt a spirit of vitality
among our institutions. Few per?
sons who wandered up and down our
desolate streets eighteen months ago,
could fail, on returning after an
absence, to be astonished by the pre?
sent aspect of tho business portiou
of our city. In nearly every instance,
tho new edifico which has taken the
place of the old is superior to it in
strength and beauty, and is an orna?
ment to its locality. Wo might point,
as illustrations, to the Palmetto Fire
Engine Company's new house, the
now jail, (now in progress,) the
massive block on Main street, owned
' by Major Thomas Davis and the
Messrs. Gregg; Greenfield's, De
dell's. Hope's, Walker's, Palmer's,
Henry Davis*, and other edifices of
alike elegant and substantial charac?
The want of better accommoda?
tions having long been felt by the
Masons, and by the Independent
Fire Company of our city, they, too,
determined to erect, in a central
locality, such a building as would
subserve the various purposes of
their respective organizations. A lot
was accordingly secured, on the site
of the old jail-on Washington street,
near Main; plans were prepared by
Mr. G. T. Berg; the contract for
construction awarded to Mr. George
Davis; tho ground opened, and a por?
tion of the walls put up.
In accordance with previous no?
tice, yesterday was set apart by the
Masons and Independents for the of?
ficial laying of the coiner-stone, and
thc ceremonies incident to the inau?
guration of tho building. At 0 o'clock,
the Masons of the several lodges of
the city assembled at Odd Fellows'
Hall, where they were joined by the
Independent. Fire Engine Company,
and tho Mayor and Aldermen. Here
a procession was formed by Grand
Marshal W. D. Peck, which, preceded
by a band of music, marched to the
place of ceremony. The Acting
Grand Master, W. T. Walter, tho
grand officers, the Mayor and Alder?
men, and the officers of tho Inde?
pendent Fire Company, now occu?
pied the platform, the remainder of
tho brethren forming a line around
Order being commanded, prayer
was offered by the Grand Chaplain,
F. W. Pape; after which, tho follow?
ing ode was sung by the Masonic
'Let there be light," th' Almighty,
Refulgent streams from chaos broke,
To illume the rising earth!
Well pleas'd tho great Jehovah stood;
The power Supreme pronounced it
Aud gave the planets birth.
In choral numbers Masons join,
To bless and praise this light divine.
Parent of light, accept our praise,
Whoshedd'st on us thy brightest ra vs,
The light that fills the mind;
By choice selected, lo! we stand,
By friendship join'd a social band,
That love, that aid mankind.
The widow's tear, the orphan's cry,
All wants our ready hands supply,
As far as power is given;
The naked cloths, tho pris'ner free,
These aro thy works, sweet Charity,
Revenid to us from heaven.
The Grand Treasurer then placed
the vessel containing tho coin, medals,
etc., in its proper place. This was
followed by solemn music by tho
band. The architect then presented
the "working tools" to the Grand
Master, (the plumb, sq narc and level;)
when tho latter, descending from the
platform, applying thc tools to tho
stone-first the plumb, then tho
square and tho level-pronounced it
true, well formed and trusty. He
thou gave thrco raps on the stone
with tho gavel. D. G. M. John Mc?
Kenzie presented the vessel contain?
ing thc corn, saying: "Most Wor?
shipful-I present you with the corn
of nourishment;" whereupon tho G.
M. scattered the corn upon the stone.
S. G. W. Jacob Leviu then presented
the silver vessel of wine, saying:
"Most Worshipful-I present you
with the wino of refreshment." Thc
Grand Master poured tho wino on
tho stone. J. G. W. It. McDougal
then presented the silver vessel of oil,
saying: "Most Worshipful-I present
you with tho oil of joy;" when tho
Grand Master, pouring thc oil upon
the stone, extended bis hands and
made the following invocation :
"May tho AU-bonnteous Author of
Nature bless the inhabitants of this
place with all the necessaries, con?
veniences and comforts of life; assist
in the erection and completion of
this building; protect the workmen
against every accident; long preserve
this structure from decay; and grunt
to us all a supply of the corn of
nourishment, the wine of refresh?
ment, and the oil of joy. So moto it
Tho Grund Muster now struck tho
stone tinco times, and the brethren
gave the public grand honors of Ma?
sonry by throe times three. When
the Grand Master ascended tho plat?
form, and delivered to tho architect
tho "working tools,"saying: "Worthy
Sire-having thus, ns Grand Master
of Masons, laid the corner-stone of
this structure, I now deliver these im?
plements of your profession iuto your
hands, entrusting yon with tho su?
perintendence and direction of the
work, having full confidence in your
skill nnd capacity to conduct the
In the corner-stone was deposited
the following articles: Copies of the
Phonix, of the past few days; the
j by-laws and lists of members of the
different Masonic Lodges, and of the
Independent Fire Engine Company;
Constitution of the Grand Lodge of
the State; the Board of Trustees of
tho building, and several coins of
the country-including a twenty
five cent gold coin, obtained from a
former prisoner of war, who had been
confined in tho jail which stood on
the site of the present building.
The choir now sung an anthem;
after which the Acting Grand Muster
delivered the following address:
"Men nnd brethren hero assem?
bled, be it known unto you, that we
bo lawful Masons, true nnd faithful
to the laws of our country, and en?
gaged, by solem obligations, to erect
magnificent buildings, to be service?
able to thc brethren, and to fear
God, the Great Architect of tho Uni?
verse. Wc have among us, concealed
from the eyes of rdl men, secrets
which cannot be divulged, and which
have never been found ont; btit these
secrets are lawful and honorable,
and not regagnant to the laws of God
or man. They were entrusted, in
peace and honor, to the Masons ol
ancient times, and having been faith
fully transmitted to us, it is our.dntj
to convey them unimpaired to the
latest posterity. Unless our crail
were good and our calling honorable,
wo should not have lasted for sc
many centuries, nor should wo have
been honored with tho patronage ol
so many illustrious men in all ages,
who have ever shown themselvei
ready to promote our interests and
defend us from all adversaries. We
are assembled here to-day, in the
faco of you all, to build a house,
which, we pray God, may deserve tc
prosper, by becoming a place of con?
course for good men, and promoting
harmony and brotherly love through
out the world, till time shall be uc
Tho brethren responded, "So mote
A collection was then taken up foi
the workmen, which was placed upoi
tho stone. Tho following odo wai
then sung by the choir:
Hail, Masonry, divine!
Glory of ages shine;
Long mayst thou reign!
Where'er thy Lodges stund,
May they havo great command,
Anil always grace the land!
Thou art divine.
Great fabrics still arise,
And grace the azure skies
Great are thy schemes;
Thy noble ordert, aro
Matchless beyond compare;
No art with theo can share;
Thou art divine
Hiram, tho architect,
Did all tho craft direct
How they should build;
Sol'mon, groat Israel's kiug,
Did mighty blessings bring,
And loft us room to sing,
Hail, Royal Art!
The Benediction was then pro
uounced by Grand Chuplain Pape
Tho procession was re-formed
tho firemen were escorted to thei
quarters, and tho Masons returned t<
Odd Fellows' Hall.
As a matter of public interest, w<
append tho following description o
the building as it will bo when com
The building is 30 foot front
running back (ii feet. Tho first lloo
contains a spacious engine-house, wit!
12 feet clear of ceiling. Second flo er?
hall for tho Independent Pire Engin
Company, 27 by 45 - -15 feet ceiling
tho hall entered through an ante
room. Third floor-exclusively occu
pieel by tho Masonic fraternity-i:
reached by convenient stairs, throng!
tho lower stories. Tho Masonic Hal
is 27.8 by 45, with hantlsomoly co
vered ceiling of 1(1',.. foot clear. Th
hall eau be entered from tito two ante
rooms, euch of .which is 12 bj Hil
Each organization has its private and
separate entrance. The front isjo bo
rough-casted and painted; theflrin
dows have neat dressings and Wrna
mented caps. The main cornice is a
very handsome one; and tho building
will be some 55 feet high, from the
ground to the cornice.
The gift entertainment for the re
lief of the destitute poor of tho
South will be given iu Washington
City, on the 30th of this mouth;
Persons desirous of obtaining tickets
will apply at onco at tho P/ucnix
office, ns returns are to be made
prior to the 10th, so that necessary
arrangements can be completed.
NKW AI>VEATISEUEMTS.-Attention is cali?
vil to thc following advertisements, wiiidl
are published thia morning for Nie firLt
J. A T. lt. Agriew-Biscuit and Crackei
A. AL Shipp-Wot?brd College.
Misses Martin-Resumption of School,
Tribute of Respect to L. Maehertens.
Thomas Davis-Hotel to Lease.
D. B. DeSaussuro-Testimony of Tith
A fine lot of Desirable Goods have jusjt
been opened by Mr. lt. C. Shiver, who still
adheres to his proper principle of good
articles for little money. Read his adver?
tisement, and then examine tho goods.
Tribute of Respect.
At a meeting of Palmetto Tire Engine
Company, held on thc 8d instant, the bil?
lowing preamble and resolutions were
Whereas an all-wise Creator has ag;
been pleased to 'manifest His eoverei
power, by transmitting into our midst His
remorseless reaper, death, who, with bis
cold and icy grasp, has suddenly withdrawn
from our ranks our late fellow-comrade, L.
MAEHERTENS? Bo it, therefore,
Resolved, That in tho death of Ma.
MAEHERTENS, this Company has sus?
tained the loss of an active and useful
member; but while wo would humbly boW.
to the decroc of an Omnipotent and Omni-'
scient God, we cannot refrain from some
expression of sorrow at our own loss, as
well as of sympathy with tho family of tho
deceased in this their heavy bereavement.
Resolved, That a blank page in our Com?
pany ltccord be suitably dedicated and in?
scribed to bis memory.
Resolved, That thc foregoing preamble
and resolutions be published in the Colum?
bia Phamix and Charleston Courier; and
that tho Secretary bo instructed to for?
ward a copv to the family of the deceased.
C. A. CARRINGTON, Sec'y pro lem.
The Charleston Courier will please copy,
and forward bill to this office.
ALARGE IRON SAFE, the agency
September5 FISHER A LOWRANCE.
Biscuit and Crackers.
JUST RECEIVED, by air-lino route, and
for salo low,
Barrels Soda Biscuit, .
*' Sugar Crackers, I
" Ginger Schnapps,
" Ginger Nuts;
" Lemon Pic Nie Crackers,
.' Boston Crackers,
" Cream Crackers,
" Butter Crackers.
September C J. A T. R. AGNEW. _
Spartanburg 0. H., South Carolina.
THE FIRST SESSION of tho
Fourteenth Collegiate Yoar will
ou 'I'L'KSDAY, 1st Oc
^TyM^tobcr next. Tuition #5-1 pei
jH^M^vear. Board #12 por month,
tjy^ Bills reckoned in specie, but
fiayablo in currencv. For further particu
ars, address A. M. SHIFP,
September 6 tl President.
School Notice. <H
THE MISSES MARTIN wTl
/fuS^^ resumo tho exercises of their
??lUCT^-^'diool f"f Young Ladies on
^Tt?p^TUESDAY, the 1st day Oct? -
A very limited number of
Terms as usual._September S
South Carolina-Richland District.
In re Simeon Fair, Solicitor, ex. parle L. F.
THE petitioner in tho above stated caso
having tiled bis petition iu this ollice,
this day, to perpotuato tho testimony of
his title to a certain lot of laud in tho cky
of Columbia, bounded South by Taylor
street, East by Harden or Boundary street,
I.ortb by islanding street, and West by
Lamons street, eontaining four acres, moro
or less, tho title to which bas been lost or
destroyed; on motion of Arthur, Moiton A
Melton pro petitioner, it is ordered that all
persons interested in said lot of land do
appear at my office, throe months from th >
dato of the publication hereof, to crose
exaniine tho evidence that may bo pro?
duced, and to introduce evidence in replv.
D. B. DBSAUSSURE, C. E. R. D.
September 0 [fimo
Hotel to lae as e.
mHE SUBSCRIBER, having conclnded
I J. to arrange his BLOCK OF BUICK
BUILDINGS in thia city for a HOTEL,
offers to lease tho samo for that purposis
when completed, which will bo about tho
1st of November. Said building is cen?
trally located on Main street, and contains
some sixty apartments, consisting of fifty
Chambers, exclusive of Parlors, Reception
Booms, Servants' Rooms, Dining-Boom,
Rar-Room, Bathing-Room, Reading-Room,
Baggage-Boom, Hall, Oflico, Barber-Shop,
and all appurtenances necessary to a first
class notch Tho number of rooms may
bo increased, if desired.
Columbia, S. C., September 5, 1867.
Charleston Courier and Augusta Chroni?
cle copy six times, every other day, and
forward bills to tho Fhivnix. office.
September ? t
wi.ut Uo Von Drink!-Wolfo'sSchie?
dam Schnapps. U checks the disarrange,
ment of the bowels in warm climates.
CONSUMERS aro requested to SETTLE
THEIR BILLS for the month of Au?
gust, without delay. Prossing demands
against tho Company require promptness
on thc part of consumers.
Sept j JACOB LEVIN, Sec y Qa? Co.