Newspaper Page Text
Saturday Morning, Sept. 14, 1867.
Counter Revolutions. v
Tho President having at last talton
firm ground against what lio con?
siders the unconstitutional usurpa?
tions of Congress, and by his move?
ments showing that ho is buckling on
his armor to meet the anticipated
furious assaults of that body at its
next session, it ia predicted that ho
will toko moro bojd and decisivo steps
than ho has yet taken. Hon. Jere?
miah Black, of Pennsylvania, former?
ly Attorney-General during Bucha?
nan's administration, being now in
Washington, it is stated .that ho is
tho primo mover and principal ad?
viser of Mr. Johnson, in his latter
bold strokes in defence of. the Con?
stitution and the Executive authority.
For instance, it has been recently
stated by the Washington Star, that
under Mr. Black's counsel, the Presi?
dent was preparing to declare martial
law throughout the United States,
and prevent tho assembling of Con?
gress in November next. Mr. Black,
it ls further alleged, bas urged upon
tho President the propriety of resist?
ing impeachment, if initiated by tho
House, by declaring it a revolutionary
measure, and protecting himself
against it by the uso of the army to
that end. . -
Although tho Siar is usually cor?
rect, yet it is extremely doubtful that
tho President has mad? up his mind
to any such course as that indicated.
ThuB far ho has acknowledged and
recognized the legislative authority of
Congress, in executing even the laws
which ho has repeatedly declared un?
constitutional. Ho has waged his
war with Congress, strictly inside tho
Constitution, and in conformity to
the legislation of Congress, some of
whoso enactments restricted his
power, and disarmed him as far as
they could venturo to go in that di?
rection. It is not probable, there?
fore, that he will suddenly and vio?
lently change his tactics or polioy at
Another suggestion has recently
. been made, viz : that the President
should issue a proclamation, declar?
ing tho Southern States to be in the
Union, and directing them to hold
elections. Tho President hos done
this before, and failed by practically
remitting tho whole matter to Con?
gress. The excluded States strictly
followed thc course he advised, and
faithfully adopted the measures he
enjoined to enable them to resume
their position in the Union; but this
did not effect their admission, no
more than it would now, unless by
force ho struck down, at one blow,
the power and authority of Congress,
by declaring it au illegal and uncon?
stitutional body, and declining to re?
cognize it ns the Congress of tho
United States ns provided for by the
This suggestion, therofore, is not
more plausible than tho other. It is
not to be doubted, however, that we
arc living in extraordinary times
the most momentous crisis in tho his?
tory of tho Iiepublic. A revolution?
ary force-a hurrying on to the accom?
plishment of ends, without paying
attention to thc means used-appears
to bo tho order of tho day, and be is
more than a prophet who will under?
take to predict what will bo tho re?
sult of tho conflict between the Pre?
sident and Congress. It may bo that
thc incumbent will, nt all hazards,
maintain the Executivo authority of
thc Government, but to do this ho
must initiate a counter-revolution,
which must merge into and end in a
military dictatorship, until tho ship
of State gots onco more righted. Af?
fairs appear to bo drifting in thc di?
rection indicated, and it may bo that
the country will havo to pass through
this ordeal of fire, to come out pu?
rified and prepared to maintain hence?
forward tho true principles of repub?
Mrs. Elizabeth Cady Stanton and
Miss Susan Anthony, of New York,
addressed a very largo audience at
Lawrence, Kansas, in favor of foraale
suffrage. Mrs. Stanton's argument
in favor of equal rights is pronounced
by tho ?ilute Journal to bc the finest
oration ovor delivered in Kansas
A vigorous canvass is being made in
favor of striking out tho words
"white" and "male" from the State
better from Cai. J. M? Ulan. . -
The Winnsboro News, ot Thursday,
contains a letter from Colonel J. IT.
Rion, on political matters. It is well
wrij??n, and ably. ^Botwses *>the
situation" in this State. He will not
consent to bo classed aa a member of
the Republican party,, and exposes
very fully its iniquities and the dele?
terious effects of its policy on the
whole country, and proves that il is
an anti-Southern party, opposed to
tho principles of tho Declaration of
Independence and the Constitution.
He gives some excelleht advice to
both tho whites and the colored po
pnlation ; advises all to register and
vote for a Convention. While Gol.
R. is not a candidate for tho Conven?
tion, he will serve if elected. From
the whole tenor and tono of his letter,
wo are convinced that tho voters of
Fairfield could not sond a better or
mes honest representative to tho
Convention. Wo want just such men
in that body, if it is to assemble.
Effect of thc Amnesty.
We have already intimated our bo
lief that tho proclamation of tho Pre?
sident would remove nil disabilities
from that class heretofore proscribed
for participation in the rebellion.
That all persons- to whom tho provi?
sions of tho amnesty extend, nre
thereby enfranchised, and have tho
right to vote at nil future elections,
there cnn be no doubt. This opi?
nion is sustained by the National In
ieUigencer, tho organ of the Presi?
dent. It always speaks by tho card,
and its opinions aro thc reflex of
those of tho President and Cabinet.
Wo extract tho following significant
paragraph from its article on the of
fect of the amnesty proclamation :
"During the deliberations of the
Cabinet, yesterday, it is understood
that it became evident that, in the
opinion of every member present,
the legal effect of the contemplated
amnesty proclamation would be to
relieve all persons included within
its terms from all disqualification,
as well as all penalties incurred by
their complicity in the late rebellion,
and, of course, (so far as the action
of the General Government is con?
cerned,) from disability as to tho ex?
ercise of the right of suffrage. We
may, therefore, congratulate the
country upon tho prospect of a
speedy settlement of all our difficul?
ties upon principles conformable to
the Constitution, and in harmony
with our republican form of Govern?
ment. That such will be its effect,
no sound law}rer entertains a doubt,
nor is it to bo presumed that it will
be seriously denied by any consider?
able number of respectable men of
the radical party in or out of Con
In view of this semi-official opi?
nion, it is the duty of every South?
ern mau to subscribo to the oath spe?
cified in the proclamation, which ia
made a condition precedent to the
reception of tho benefits of the am?
InoNY.-Forney's Chronicle says:
"In the last proclamation of am?
nesty we have recorded another ol
those gross outrages upon the Con?
stitution and usurpations of po wei
by tho President, which tund toward
the establishment of despotism."
Forucy is poking fun at Congress,
Ou, HORRID IJE!-Thad. Stevern
hos a new trouble! He has discover?
ed tho reason why the Judiciary
Committee did not impeach thc Pre
sident. It was because a majority
of that Committee are Masons, nui
Johnson is a Mason!
CHEATING THE NEGROES.-The Co
lumbns Sun vouches for the following
J. T. to Chief Registrar ot County
"Wo want you to send your bes
men, (white radicals, of course,) fron
C. R. "Cau't do it, General; th
niggers is got tho majority iu tbi
County, and say they is gwino to havi
J. P. "That foolishness must b
stopped at once."
C. R. "I can't do it, General."
J. P. "Well, I can; and if one o
thoso black, rascals daros to put him
self up for offico let mo know, and I'l
put him down. Go, sir."
One of tho resolutions embodier
in tho radical platform in Pennsy]
vania is the following:
"Resolved, That warned by poa
misfortuues, we oak thattho Suprem
Court of the State be placed in hat
mony with tho political opinions of
majority of the people."
Garibaldi has arrived in Gftliev
to tako part in thc Radical Pene
Congress, and met with an enthusi
astic reception, in ft speech, he di
clared that his resolution to frc
Rome was unalterable.
i Tat? BMUMTM Jfmlw-I -??.-MM
Under this caption, the New York
Times, of the 10th instant, has a
long editorial, from which we make
the following extract:
"There is much unnecessary gloom
and wailing in the South. It chiefly
Eroceeda from the politicians, who,
aving always lived by office or by .
blockade-running, hastened to Wash?
ington to obtain a dispensation, and
thus labored to repair the broken
ligaments of party. These preda?
tory adventurers, deprived of office
and of tho possibility of office, utter
loud howls of despairing rapacity,
and declare the South ruined because
they are no longer on the pay-roll.
"The South hns grea't power and
reserved resources, no less important
to themselves than to us. There are,
however, somo errors so constantly
tangbt by the place-hunters, that tho
whole people begin tb believe them
trae. Ono of these errors is that
the South is to pass under the domi?
nation of the freedmen. All sensible
men in the South have acquiesced in
legal and political emancipation. The
indications are undoubted that no
discrimination of these rights will be
embodied in tho law or in tho deal?
ings between white and black. The
ensuing election will terminate much
of the excitement, for the indiff?r?
ence of the politicians to the voter.
after the election is notorious. The
relations between employer and ope?
rative will then adjust themselves.
"But the apprehension of colored
supromacy has entered into the popu?
lar mind hero as well as at the South,
and as it will impede emigration to
the South, it is as well to disnbuse
the public mind of the error. Tho
gross number of white males in the
Northern States is 2,138,369; that of
the freedmen is 1,297,941. It will be
Been, therefore, that the white race
is in excess of tho colored in tho
Southern States more than a quarter
of vu million of meu. The local dis?
tribution of these numbers shows
that there is a majority of 2,370 freed?
men in Mississippi, and of 6,429 in
South Carolina. As the advocate of
harmony between the races on the
basis of equal legal rights, wc desire
tho freedmen to remember that tho
limitation of the franchise does not
affect the comparative numerical
ability of tho two races; but that tim
majority of a quarter of a million of
whites remains to work-that nature
will emancipate them in a few years.
That while there can be no more
black immigration into tl e South,
there will bo a large white emigra?
tion, with a relatively large white
increase. The supremacy of the
colored raoo will be but temporary
and local. They Should, therefore,
take their rights and be satisfied.
They should not lay the foundation
of any discontent whioh may be re?
venged by retaliation at a future
period. Such is our advice. 'The
white race are in little danger of I
losing any right Whioh they are not
willing to concede. The colored
race should observe moderation at
the present, to prevent retaliation in
From which it is evident that the
Northern people are alarmed at the
prospect of nogro supremacy in the
South. Even tho Times, throughout
this article, cannot conceal its appre?
hensions of tho future in such an
event; hence its anxiety to convince
its readers of the improbability of
the dreaded catastrophe.
A RIVAL OF Mit. PEABODY.-Mr.
Johns Hopkins, a citizen, of Balti?
more, worth $20,000,000," has m?ide?1
gift endowing .the Johns ...Hopkins
Hospital, for'pobr white- and colored'
persons,.nnd the Johns Hopkins In?
stitute, for ed?c?H?n??^pM>i^?oses,
embracing also poor white and co?
lored children, to' have separato
apartments. Mr,. Hopkins is still
living, and determined, likfe George
Peabody, to see whilst living the
good effects of his benevolent chari?
ties. Mr. Hopkins is a bachelor, a
member of - tho Society of Friends,
and about Mr. Peabody's age. It is
expected he will make many more
large charitable bequests while alive,
that ho may realize the good his vast
means may do. TJie belief is that
he will eventually donato his magnifi?
cent country place for public pur?
poses, and still project other grand
charities. His present income is
mmrly or quito $300,000 per annum.
Whilst he ha3 many relatives whom
ho will leave independent, yet a vast
amount will be appropriated to be?
nevolent purposes. He is still an
activo business man, and ono of our
most useful citizens, having been
instrumental in greatly improving
the city of Baltimore.
COUNTERFEIT HALF DOUGHS.
Counterfeit half dollar currency of
the old style, with the head of Wash?
ington in the centre, have been re?
cently offered in several stores in
King street, and also on the street
cars. Tin's fact was brought to the
attention of tho detective police, and
they have succeeded in arresting the
following persons, who havo, by order
of tho Provost Marshal, been com?
mitted to jail to await their trial for
passing counterfeit money: Eliza
Nunnery, (colored,) Medora Dczrigne,
(colored,) and William Keenan,
( w li i te. )-Charleston Meran/.
mm ?M?f fol* ?? nfc? ?
The following t synopsis of the
Bankrupt law, made by Mr. D. N.
Bingham, the Commissioner in Bank?
ruptcy at Montgomery, Alabama, will
be of interest to many of our readers,
nod especially to tBbse residing in
portiona of the State where lawyers
cannot be easily consulted.
I. Petitioners under the Bankrupt
Act are required to render a schedule
of all their debts and liabilities pf
every kind and description whatso?
ever, and also, an inventory of their
estate, both real and personal, in?
cluding* all property and effects, of
which they are possessed, or in which
they may have on. interest;, (though
not iu possession,) in conformity with
certain . "Forms" prescribed in the
"General Orders" of tho Supremo
Court of tho United States. These
schedules, verified by oath of tho
petitioner, must accompany tho peti?
tion, and whon filed with the regis?
trar, is tho commencement of pro?
ceedings iu bankruptcy.
II. Debtors contemplating .bank?
ruptcy, may dispose of any property,
to which they have a rigut, to rniBe
money to pay the deposit fee of ?50,
and such property need not bo ren?
dered in their inventory, beyond stat?
ing the fact of its disposition and the
purpose to whiohi the proceeds were
III. Bankrupts are entitled to the.
following list of property out of their
estates, (if they have it,) exe m JJ t by
the laws of Alabama-to wit: wear?
ing apparel of self and family, a long
list of furniture, all books, portraits
and pictures, all implements of trade,
three cows and calves, one horse or
mule, or yoke of oxen, one wngou or
cart, twenty hogs, twenty sheep, live
hundred pounds of meat, otic hun?
dred bushels of corn, all the meal on
hand, ono thousand pounds of fodder
or oats, twenty-five bushels of sweet
potatoes, thirty pounds of wool, one
hundred pounds of cotton, two plows
and gear, two axes, all cloth on hand,
all poultry, gun, and homestead of
forty acres of lund, worth five hun?
dred dollars. lu addition to this, thc
14th section of the Bankrupt law ex?
cepts from tho provisions of tho Act,
"the necessary household and kitchen
furniture and such other articles and
necessaries of such bankrupt, as tho
assignee shall designate and set apart,
having reference in tho amount, to
the family, condition and circum?
stances of the bankrupt, but alto?
gether not to exceed tho sum of five
hundred dollars in valne, in any one
case; also the wearing apparel of such
bankrupt, and that of his wifo and
children, and tho uniform, arms and
equipments of any person who is, or
has been, a soldier in the militia, or
in the service of the United States,
and such othor property as now is, or
hereafter shall be exempted from at?
tachment or seizure, or le.vy on exe?
cution by the laws of the United
IV. The assignee has no right to
the labor or personal earnings of the
bankrupt, between the bankruptcy
and the discharge, for that would de?
prive him and his family of the
means of subsistence. Hence, peti?
tioners will not bo required to in?
clude the growing crop in the inven?
tory of their effects, and all bankrupts
whoso petitions nre filed anterior to
the maturity of their crop, and before
its severance from the soil, will keep
and uso it, tho same as other proper?
ty acquired by their personal indus?
try, the rule being that the profits of
I thc personal industry of the bankrupt
between the bankruptcy and the dis
! charge do not poss to, the assignee.
! It was held under the United States
bankrupt law, of 18dl, that all the
Acquisitions of a bankrupt," after the
filing of his petition, are. exempt
from liability to pay debts, previously
V. Whatever beneficial interest the
bankrupt has in tho wifeV property
passes to the assignee, but a court of
equity, if its assistance is required to
realize such interest to the bankrupt's
estate, will protect the interest of tho
wife und children by imposing terms
upon tho assignee, stipulating that a
provision be made for her and her
children out of the fuud. If, how?
ever, tho property be settled, or a
gift inures to tho separate uso of tho
wifo, then tho assignee takes nothing,
because the bankrupt had no equita?
ble interest therein.
Tho Hov. Dr. Wentworth, of Troy,
delivered a sermon recently on the
text, "All men are liars." He was
particularly severe on tho newspapers,
churging that they had no regard for
truth, and Would publish any false?
hood that would increase their circu?
lation and put money in tho pub?
lishers' pockets. It turns out that
this Mr. Wentworth is the author of
the recent letter published, attacking
tho papers for indecent exposure of
his friend, the Kev. S. M. Merrill,,
the great undrowned clergyman, who
ran away from Pittsburg, and tried
to commit nome gross and novel
crimes. Peoplo who abuse a news?
paper, Bays an exchange, are gene?
rally no better than they should be.
An experiment in China ten culturo
has been so far successful in Georgia.
Tho seeds were planted eight years
ago, and tho shrubs aro about
seven feot high. Although exposed
to all weather, they are healthy, and
have full vitality, notwithstanding
they are literall}' unleaved each sea?
NEW YORK PAPERS.-Messrs. Duffie
& Chapman regularly receive the
principal ?few Xbrk daily itod weekly
papers-tho H&ald, Time*, Tribune,
Ch?tiney .Cornejt, I^es^ie's Illustrated,
etcl We.are frequently indebted tb
them for copies.
ONLY. TEN ON HAND.-Tho gift en?
tertainment for relief of the destitute
poor of the South will be given in
Washington City, on the 30th instant.
Persons desirous of obtaining tickets
will-apply at once nt tho Phoenix
office to-day, as there are but ten loft.
Wo learn, says the Charleston Mer
vury, that the Sheriffs of the State
are to be notified forthwith that bills
receivabl? of tho State will be re?
ceived in payment of all tax execu?
tions in their hands for collection.
Th eso bills can now be purchased at
not exceeding ninety-eight.
"THE FREE SHOW."-The eclipse
of tho moon came off, last night, ac?
cording to the programme-or the
almanacs, more properly. Fair Lunn
made her appearance about G o'clock,
apparently "half Bens over," but was
not entirely obscured, as by 8 oarlock
she was all right again-it was only fl
THE WINNSDORO NEWS.-Mr. W.
W. Herbert has closed a very briel
editorial connection with that paper.
Tho N'?tes and its material belong tc
some young mon, who aro dependent
upon tho success of that journal foi
their livelihood ; but it stems thal
the political sentiments of Mr. Her
bert-he beiug warmly in favor of re?
construction under tho Acts of Con
gross-did not find favor with manj
of tho citizens, who threatened tc
withdraw their patronage from th<
paper, if Mr. Herbert oontiuued tc
be editor. Under thesccircumstauoes
iu justice to the proprietors, bo h tu
GETMNO BURNT BLACK.-As a litth
girl, not quite four years old, wai
going out with the colored nurse anc
baby, yesterday morning, the mollie
cautioned tho little one to keep ou
of tho sun, or "she would be burn
black." The child, understanding
the caution in its general sense, turn
od' to the nurse, and very in nocen tl;
asked her if "she was burnt blocl
when she wns a little girl. " The ide
of the thing struck the nurse, as we]
as several bystanders, as particular!;
Under Two -a^j. : A Novel. B
"Onida. " 'hiladelphia: J. B
Lippinoott u Co.
This is a work which will more poi
ticularly interest a military man. Th
story was written for a military mo
gaz ino, and was so generally admire?
that it was re-produoed iu bool
form. "Ouida" is the author o
several works which have been favoi
ably received by the reading public
viz: "Adalia," "Randolph Gordon,
and others; The hero of this ator
was au English Life Guardsman-ai
admirer of fast horses, a pet of the la
dies, and aleador in ali the, sports c
the day; but by the unfortunate cone
mission of a supposed crime, wc
banished from tho country, and er
listed under tho banner of France
went through the campaigns h A?g<
ria, and, after many ups and down!
circumstances occur which lead t
his return to happiness and his nati\
land, and, of course, he marries th
"chosenof his heart." Thia is morel
the wari)-the filling in is capitall
done. Messrs. Duffie & Chapma
have furnished usa copy of tho worl
DBATH OP A LOCAL.-The last en
of a local reporter is described i
follows in tho Californian;
But at last his own time came, ar
Jim Duffy was about to die. ?
wasn't a particle afraid-notwitl
standing all his falsehoods, for 1
knew it would help tho local colum:
so he sent all his relatives dov
stairs, and got his assistant report
to stand by him, and he made hi
swear that ho would not give tl
item to any other paper, and the
with a serene smile on his faoe, 1
yielded up his life, and Jim Dui
was no more. His will was full
items, ono of which provided th
ho should bo buried in Philadelphi
becanse it was in Pennsylvania, ai
a pencil (without a "vania," no1
ever,) had been his favorito toe
Ho desired that they should put tl
last edition of the Exaggeration,
his coffiin, and bury him with tl
church service that bad the great?:
number of superlativo adjectives
- RIBOTHTHATTOK. -Chairman Ander?
son has furnished us with tho follow?
ing return of the registration at tho
Gadsden precinct, on the first round :
Whites, IDS'; colored, 1,205. Total,
Having H completo printing office,
superintended by the proprietor, we
cnn execute every description of book
and job printing-bill and letter
heads, circulars, labels, posters, pro?
grammes, busiuess, wedding and in?
vitation cards, railroad receipts,
checks, drafts, ?fcc. Our friends will
find it to.their interest (and ours) lo
give us a call.
Read Udolpho Wolfe's advertise?
ments in to-day's paper.
. NKW Aovr.r.TiHBMV.NTs.-Attention in call?
ed to tlu? following advertisements, which
are published' this morning for th? Ont
Thompson Earle-Country Hams.
H. Simmons-Bakery and Confcctionerv.
Seed Wheat at Hunter's Mill.
J. P. Williams-Onion Setts.
J. C. Janney-List of Letters.
D. B. DeSaussure-Commissioner's Sales
C. Ii. Anderson-Registration.
A fine lot of Desirable Goods have just
been opened .by Mr. R. O. Shiver, who ?tili
adheres to his proper principio of good
articles for little money. Road his adver?
tisement, and then oxamiue the goods.
TUE WHITES PREPARING TO LEAVE
THE SOUTH.-If the negro supromacy
doctrines of tho radicals aro not
checked by the people of the North,
at the coming fall elections, it is
quito evident that before long the
whites of the South will emigrate to
the toyal States, or to foreign coun?
tries. Aietter from a prominent and .
distinguished South Carolinian con?
tains this paragraph:
"There is utter paralysis iu tho
South at tho near and inevitable
prospect of negro supremacy. The
white people of the country will not
be able to livo here-it will be simply
intolerable. Therefore, thoso of us
who can get away are preparing to
leave, although at present not many
are able to do so. You may expect
negro representation iu Cougresf
from the South. Tho loyal-league
associations have welded the negroes
into solid political organizations,
which defy tho address and influence
of their old masters. The white peo?
ple will vote generally against a con?
vention-the negroes arc a unit for
This extract shows tho feeling at
the South, and it assumes a more se?
rious aspect from another part of the
lotter referred to, which states that
as soon as tho crops are gathered and
sold, largo numbers of whites will
leave South Carolina for other States,
where tho peoplo are not ruled by
negroes. This, then, is to be the result
of the radical policy. South Carolina '
i and all of the Southern States, where?
in the blacks have majorities, are to
bo deserted by all of their wealthy
and intelligent population, and tho
government of au immense extent of
territory will be left in the hands of
tho very worst class of blacks, voted '
for and supported by tho most ig?
norant, depraved, fanatical race on
the face of the earth. It is not to
be wondered at, then, that the vast
majority of the whites favor military
depotisin to reconstruction under
the negro policy of tho radicals.
The questions now at issue are being
fast narrowed down to these: whether
we shall havo ten exclusively negro
States in this Union, or whether the
whites shall be the ruling race
throughout the country.
[Neio York Herald, 10th.
THE EARTH BunxTNO.--Several
f>ersons were in Corinth, on Saturday
ast, who gave some startling accounts
of tho earth being on fire about four
miles South-west of Hamburg. Tenn.
.Wc did not see the parties who gave
the particulars of this startling event,
but compile the following as the
substance of their representation o?
the facts: Mr. Broolis, who lives
fourteen miles North-east of Co?
rinth, had a pasture in which was a
pond of water about twenty-five by
seventy-five feet, and tho water, dur?
ing the summer, having, disappeared,
ho cleaned off the ground to sow it
in turnips. While burning the brush
from this piece of ground, the locality
that had been covered with water,
ignited from the burning brush, and
the entire space where the pond had
formerly stood had continued to
blaze brilliantly for the past ten
days. Ho, becoming alarmed and
fearing that his entire farm would
bel consumed and turned into an
embankment of ashes, dug ditches
around tho burning space and filled
them with water. Ho has poured
largo quantities of water ou the burn
ing earth, but it did not extinguish
tho flames. Tho smell from the
burning earth is represented as being
peculiar and marked.
The fire, it is said, consumed the
earth, or bituminous substance, to
tho depth of twelve inohes, and does
not nppear to diminish its vigor.
If it should prove to bo the oozing
of petroleum from the surface at that
point, it would indicate a rich or
bold vein of that valuable fluid. No
doubt some enterprising mnn will
at an early day sink a shaft, to test
tho question whether coal oil cnn be
found or not. - Con'.dh News, 3d.