Newspaper Page Text
Thursday Morning, Sept. 19.1867.
Gold ?nd Cotton. ;.
We have beeu frequontly asked
"why does not ootton keep paco in ad?
vance of prices with the price of
gold? The latter has already reached
45 premium. The flow of currency
is abundant, and in excess of the
mercantile wants of tho country.
There is scarcely any demand ior
paper at the great commercial cen?
tres, even at low rates.
Many causes are assigued for this
anomaly of a differenoo in value be?
tween gold and its legitimate repre?
sentative-cotton. The political dis?
turbances are assigned by some, as
one objection to the rise in cotton.
If, under these disturbances, gold
can gallop up to 145, we cannot per?
ceive why a bale of cotton, which
wonld bring $100 currency, should
not be worth 145 also. Wo know
gold is easily influenced in its fluctua?
tions, and the recent acts of the Pre?
sident may have added some stimulus
to its upward course.
Another reason, and a much more
plausible one, that the recent impor?
tations have been very hoavy,
and the importers have to purohase
coin to pay tho customs-this, oi
course, raises the price. These for?
eign purchases will have to be made
with coin ta an extent greater than
for several years past. Before the
war, the cotton and tobacco crops of
the South furnished tho basis upon
which the great bulk of our foreign
purchases and importations were
made. Since the war commenced,
and during its progress, the North
made its purchases on the securities
of the Federal Government. Th?
interest on these bonds being at the
rate of 6 per cent., payable semi?
annually, in gold, made them a very
desirable investment for* foreign
capitalists. Hence it was, that los?
ing the entire cotton and tobacco
crop of the South, Northorn importen
felt somewhat independent in provid?
ing for the payment of their bills, bj
negotiating abroad large quanti tiet
To turn these fluctuations in golc
to the benefit of tho cotton planter,
an able cotemporary suggests thal
the Southern people have it in theil
power now to make their strength
and influence felt at tho North, ant'
throughout tho whole country. ?hej
can sendgold up, np, up-till it shal
cause the lordly bond-holders' lin an
cial castles to tumble with a crash
which will bury beneatli it, and for
ever, the ill-gotten gains which hav<
been wrung from tho distress of ?
free and gallant people
Let the cotton planters dctcrmim
to receive nothing in exchange fo
their cotton crops but gold. Le
them, each one for himself, whethe
he be a large or small planter, insia
upon gold for every pound of hi
cotton. If tho producers of cotto:
will adopt this coarse, we beliov
that in less than ninety days, gol
will rise above 200. Cotton plantel
should remember that gold is th
standard of value for cotton. Th
higher tho price of gold, tho greata
will be their gains from tho prodin
tion of cotton.
Will our Southern planters h ec
the suggestion ?
PAYMENT OF THE COTTON CLAIMS. -
Tho Secretary of tho Treasury
now paying tho cotton claims tin
have been adjudicated by tho Unite
States Court of Claims. Thei
claims, it will be remembered, we:
decided by the Court of Claims la
winter, and wore appealed by Seer
tary McCulloch to tho Supren
Court; but the Court of Claims d
cided that there could bc no appe
from that Court. Tho cases we
then referred to tho First Comptn
1er of the Treasury, for his docisu
as to tho manner in which tin
should be paid, and that officer ruli
that they should bo paid from tl
cotton fund, and not from tho Co
gresaional appropriation. This rulii
has enabled tho Secretary to sotl
tho claims, which, it is understoo
is being done os fast as they aro pi
"Chevalier" Wikoff is said to bi
kind of a secret agont for tho N
York Herald, furnishing that joun
with information about prominc
officials, which it uses whon occasi
Wealth and Labor.
We have a few additional facts that
we desire to present io our readers.
Tho latest returns of the Commis?
sioners indicate lt?f>,059 immigrants
-about tho same' os for the corres?
ponding time last year. A large
majority of these go to the North?
west, -where land is rich and cheap,
and to he had in small farms, which
are the chief attraction. Each fami?
ly, it has been ascertained, brings
with it $100 in gold. Supposing
each family to number four persons,
this will give over 40,000 families,
who will bring with them between
$4,000.000 and $5,000,000.
This sum, or perhaps double that,
will be expended by the immigrants,
after buying lands from the Govern?
ment, among their neighbors, for
necessary supplies, until they can
make a crop. A large majority en?
gage in agriculture, and after the
first year become themselves pro?
ducers of surplus exchangeable pro?
ducts, which enter into the commerce
of the world and add to tho wealth of
Wo have but a few words to add to
the above facts. Wo sincerely hope
our principal planters will adopt the
policy suggested. We will return to
this subject, as the facts of the re?
port are interesting and of the ut?
most importance to the development,
of the State.
THE PROGRESS OF A GOOD WORK.
The application of Northern capital
and skill to agricultural and indus?
trial improvements in the Southern
States does more good than all the
political discussions. Such "mate?
rial aid" to reconstruction, for in?
stance, is furnished in ' the recent
purchase of mineral lands in Virginia
by a New York capitalist-said to be
Commodore Vanderbilt. This gen?
tleman has bought a.large tract of
land on the James River, in Nelson
County, Virginia, which is rich in
iron ore, and smelting works will be
promptly erected upon the spot, thus
giving occupation to hundreds of
laborers, and practically adding to
the prosperity and comfort of the
The President claims that he has
in his possession a fine collection of
private letters from Republican mem?
bers of each house, pledging their
support against the impeachment
move, and he thinks that the exigen?
cies of tho situation may yet justify
him in giving them to tho public.
country has already received tho in?
telligence that Governor Orr, of
South Carolina, has pardoned a ne?
gro man named Smart Chisolm, con?
victed of murdering his step-daugh?
ter, on condition that he leaves the
State for five years. The Columbus
Sun objects to this as an outrage, and
says that South Carolina is ?he only
State that thus disgraces civilization.
The Sun adds :
It is time something should be
done to abate this nuisance and dis?
courtesy, by legislation or otherwise.
We trust the press of Georgia will
warn the people to look ofter this
exiled murderer, and if found in thc
State, to arrest and deliver him back
to Gov. Orr, to bo turned loose, if he
chooses, on the community iu which
he committed the crime of which he
-1 ? ? >
ANOTHER GEORGIA NEGRO CANDI?
DATE.-"At the earnest solicitation ol
many friends," Franklin Haynes, e
colored individual, announces him
self in the Cartersvills Repress, t
candidate for Congress in the Ttl
Congressional District of Georgia
Franklin says he was "born a slave,'
and is acquainted, ho says, "with al
the changes and incidents consequen
to tho lifo of au African slave;'
though his "lines have fallen in com
parntively pleasant places," his "oh
masters having all boen endowed witl
feelings of humanity and considera
tion towards their servants." Frank
lin is now in his 58th year, and thu
defines his political position :
l8tly. I am in favor of revokinj
tho tax on cotton, whiskey and to
bocco, tho three great commodities o
trade in the land.
2ndly. I nm in favor of thoequalit
3rdly. I cm in favor of tho Ken
tucky resolutions of '98.
4thly. I am in favor of tho libcrt
of the press and speech.
5thly and lastly. I am in favor c
a republican form of govornment; c
tho Constitution of tho United State
and tho laws undor it, and desire thr
it shall bo handed down to our po;
A While Citizen Selmed by ? 0?ng of
Negro?* and Dragged to Charleston.
Saturnalia hy th* vray.
The following account has been
furnished the Charleston Mercury, of
a recent occurrence in Christ Church
Parish. It is written by a responsi?
ble citizen, in whose statements con?
fidence,may properly be r^oed :
Mr. Samuel Fraser having the
supervision and charge of a planta?
tion and a number of negroes, in?
formed the men that they most wait
until Saturday to register their names.
The registration began on Monday,
and was to continue through the
week. Some of - the men left the
plantation on Monday, (the first day
of the registration,) and returned
late that evening, without register?
ing. Mr. Fraser then told them that
"if they left again before Saturday,
they need not return." An alterca?
tion ensued, in which tho negroes set
up tho. right to bo absent from the'
place "as long ns the registration
lasted," without any liability to fine
or deduction of wages for the lost
time. Mr. Fraser, on the other hand,
gave them to understand that his
duty to his employer required him to
make a deduction for their absence
on Monday, and for any other day,
except the day allowed them for the
purpose of registering. Having ab?
sented themselves on Monday, they
failed to receive their rations when
the other laborers got theirs; and
having expressed their determination
to leave again on Tuesday, and for
every day of the week, Mr. Fraser
refused to give them the rations for
that week. They then left "for the
registration precinct. Arriving there,
they made complaint to tho two re?
gistrars, Mr. Smith, (white,) and
Aaron Logan, (black,) thnt Mr. Fra?
ser had forbidden their coming to
register, and threatened to turn them
off if they left the plantation.
Aaron demanded that Fraser should
be arrested. All tho negroes present,
(about one hundred and fifty,) cla?
mored for the arrest. Mr. Smith
advised against it, saying there was
no affidavit of the facts, and a bare
statement was not sufficient. He re?
fused to sign tho warrant, ut least
until he could think the matter over.
But Aaron would not be delayed a
moment. He grew furious-threaten?
ed his white colleague-swore he
would take the responsibility on him?
self, and thereupon scrawled off a
3ort of mandate "to bring Sam.
Fraser before him to be dealt with,"
&c. Aaron called for volunteers "to
arrest the villain." A hundred voices
3ried out, "I'll go," "Gib me de
warru m." Aaron picked out a dozen
men armed with guns and mus?
kets, (about thirty present had these
weapons,) and commanded them to
"bring tho villain beforo him," "PU
show tho white scoundrel how ho dare
to fine you for coming here," &c.
Tho negroes took tho paper and pro
seeded to tho house of Mr. Fraser.
They found him lying down on a
bench. They rushed up to him,
socked their guns, levelled them at
liim and cried out, "I arres you,"
"wo come to fetch you, dead or alive,
bo Mr. Logan." They commanded
liim to go with them. He mounted
his horse, and, guarded on nil sides
by tho negroes, was conducted into
tho august presence of the dusky
A little beforo sun-set, Mr. Fraser,
with tho armed escort, was brought
boforo the sable Aaron. Tho negro
laborer who had made the complaint
was told by Aaron to make his state?
ment again. He did so. Another
negro was then called up to corrobo?
rate that statement. Unfortunately
and unwittingly, he lot out that Mr.
Fraser had told them that "they
could go and register on Saturday,"
but that tho "condition of the crop
did not admit of their absenco moro
than one day;" and that "the v/ork
they were engaged in could not be
delayed," and they must therefore
"put off registering till Saturday."
Tho two negroes having given
their statement, Mr. Fraser asked if
ho "could say n few words." He
began by calling attention to tho fact
that what the first nigger said was
not supported by what the other
nigger said; and he was about to
weigh tho two in tho scales of truth
and justice, and show which should
be believed, when Justice Aaron,
who had it all his own way, (there
not being ono white man present to
help Fraser. ) declared tho audience
at an end, and announced his deter?
mination "to take the fellow (Fraser)
to Charleston, anyhow;" and "ho
didn't want to hear 'nuffin farrer'
from him?, nohow." Eight armed
negroes aro selected by Aaron as tho
guard. Mr. Fraser is put in their
charge. Aaron mounts his horse;
Mr. Fraser attempts to mount his.
Tho whole pack yell out, "Git off
dat boss, you dam white debbie you."
Ho is forced to dismount. Aaron
alone rides; all the others walk. Mr.
Fraser is then marched by this
guard, headed by Aaron, through
swamp and jugnlo, bramble and
bush, by the most indirect, blind and
circuitous pathways, in tho direction
of Charleston. Those various diver?
gencies from anything Uko a fre?
quented pathway was to bring him to
tho numerous negro quarters, which,
within distances varying from 100
yards to a half mile, wero stretched
on cither side of tho main road which
led to tho city. At each of these
negro quarters, Aaron commanded a
halt. The negroes were aroused
from their sleep; lights were ordered
and the negroes assembled. Then
Aaron paraded Mr. Fraser before
them, and proceedod to explain "who
?as the white villain he had in cos
tody; how he had ordered his arrest,
and what he intended to do with
him," tte, tte. This outrage was
repeated ellalong the route to the
caty, which was not reached till 8
o'clock next morning.
Arriving in Charleston, Aaron and
his guard delivered Mr. Fraser to the
military stationed at the Citadel. At
9 or 10 o'clock - that day, Mr. Fraser
was called before thc officer in com?
mand, and was informed that he had
been illegally arrested, and was dis?
charged. It is gratifying to know
that Aaron is under arrost by order
of the military.
Hear Both sidon.
Mr. Henry Clay Denn, of Iowa, hos
issued the following circular, to the
prisoners of the late Confederate
armies. It is intended as an offset
to the investigation as to the treat?
ment of Union soldiers in Southern
prisons, ordered by Congress:
At the late session of the Congress
of the United States, that body pass?
ed a resolution, on July 10th,' 1867,
appointing certain parties os a com?
mittee to investigate "the treatment
of prisoners of war and Union citi?
zens held by the Confederate authori?
ties during the late rebellion," at the
same time refusing to extend tho in?
vestigation to the prisoners of war,
victims of arbitrary power, and mili?
tary usurpation by the authority of
the Federal administration. The
partial, vindictive and wicked pnr
pose of the Congress to pervert, dis?
tort, and suborn the truth of history,
has made it the duty of every Ameri?
can citizen to look to the honor of
his country and the preservation of
the truth of history.
We all might well imitate the ex?
ample of the better son of Noah, and
walk backwards and throw tho man?
tle of oblivion upon the nakedness
of our drunken parent, and forget
all of the past; but since a partial
and false representation of our pub?
lic affairs is to be made by members
of Congress for the unholy and fiend?
ish purpose of perpetuating sectional
bitterness, and prolonging the un
christain and unnatural strife of s
ruined people, that justice may be
done to every man and the truth ol
history may bo vindicated, I hereby
most respectfully request that all
persons in possession of important
information in regard to any of these
subjects, ns well as the city burnings,
plantation devastations, the murders,
rapes and robberies, perpetrated un
der official sanction, either civil oi
military, of the Federal authority
are earnestly requested to address th<
undersigned, stating in precise, sim
pie and unexoggcrated terms, a ful
statement.of all the facts known t<
the writer touching his own impri
sonment, or treatment of others
either soldiers or citizens, giving, a
far as possible, names, places am
dates, with the names of Federn
officers in charge, and those iustigat
ing those crimes. -
The great body of the officers am
soldiers in both armies were mani
festly honest in purpose in the prose
cution of their terrible work of death
The history of wars demonstrate
that the vilest men havo charge c
prisons. A history of the craelty t
prisoners on both sidns in the lat
war, is ono which will "make he
ashamed and turn the cheek of dari
ness pale," and be, for our own hit
tory's sake, forgotten; but if told, i
must be truly told, that eaeh part
may be shamed into silence by thei
crime. Not having the - people
money to waste in postage to kind!
the fire of revenge, I will trust to th
kindness of the sufferers to transm
to me, by mail, all communicator
upon tnis subject nt their earliest coi
venience. I am, very respectfully
your obedient servant,
HENRY CLAY DEAN,
Mount Pleasant, Iowa.
THE PEABODY FUND.-The No
York Tribune says:
"The trustees of the Peabotl
fund having determined to apply tl
funds which tho munificence of M
Peabody has placed in their hands i
encouraging the introduction of tl
system of free schools into tho Soutl
ern States, by supplementing tho woi
of the people in thc cause of populi
education, tho Rev. Mr. Amos, tl
Southern agent of that fund, is no
on a visit to tho North, with tl
object of obtaining contributions :
aid of the available means at the di
posai of tho trastees. Those mean
though ample, aro far from adequa
to the wants of the population whi<
it is sought to bonefit. Honce tl
necessity for further help. M
Amos is furnished with testimonie
of character from Generals Grar
Thomas and Howard, and sever
influential gentlemen in tho Nor
have already signified their war
approval of his mission. In view
the immense benefit which will t
crue to tho South, and, indirectly,
tho whole Union, from tho success
the plan which tho trustees of t
Peabody fund havo adopted, we ca
not doubt that tho appeals of Al
Amos will bo liberally responded
by all who havo faith in education
an ally of free government."
The lucky owners of Confederate
eight per cent, bonds will find a
notice of interest to thomby refer?
ring to or.r advertising columns.
Mr. S. H. Myers is opening a new
stock of dry goods, and offers them
at pri?es to make it an inducement
for his down town friends to give
him a call.
TUE LADIES' INDUSTRIAL ASSOCIA?
TION-SOMETHING TASTY.-We exa?
mined with much pleasure, at tho
storo of this useful and fully-appre?
ciated institution, some specimens of
preserves, etc., prepared by an aged
lady, a former resident of Beaufort
Mrs. Bythewood, who has seen her
seventy-third birth-day-which are a
perfect curiosity, and will repay u
visit. She has carved shaddock, for?
bidden fruit, water-melon, etc., in
various shapes-such as bunches of
grapes, forget-me-nots, lilies, rose?
buds and flowers of various kinds, n
just description of which it is impos?
sible to give. As there will be a full
display of these articles this morn?
ing, purchasers ns well as admirers of
tho beautiful are invited to call. Mrs.
Bythewood has put np several cans
for shipment to New York.
Our lady readers will also find
articles of fancy work, embroidery,
&C., at the show-room of the asso?
ciation, which are offered for sale at
fair prices. The ladies in charge are
prepared to have any aud all kinds of
needle-work done in tho very best
manner. Lend a helping hand, all
who can possibly do so.
REGISTKATION.-The following ad?
ditional regulations have been issued
for the guidance of tho officers of
registration. We publish it as a
matter of information. This settles
tho militia officer question :
There are, however, certain muni?
cipal or town officers within tho in?
tent and meaning of the Acts of Con?
gress, and who by subsequent acts
in aid of the rebellion, would be dis?
qualified. For example, a mayor of
a city, or intendant of a town, who
may have been, by virtue of his
office, a magistrate, having authority
by law to hear and determine com?
plaints for petty offences, and to im?
pose punishment by fine and impri?
sonment upon offenders; or to arrest,
commit or hold to bail persons charg?
ed with crime.
Municipal or town officers, having
authority to force mero local ordi?
nances in the nature of police regula?
tions, for the preservation of order,
tho regulation of trade, and the
abatement of nuisances, or other
strictly corporate matters, aro not
within tho disfranchising provisions
of tho Act.
Officers of militia, employed in the
execution of the patrol laws, or other
laws having relation to the domestic
order of the State and tho government
of the slave population therein, and
who afterwards engaged in tho rebel?
lion, are disqualified; such officers,
although military in name, aro civil
and executive in their duties.
Certain employments, licensed by
authority of State laws, having rela?
tion to tho administration of justice,
are not offices within the meaning of
these acts-for example, lawyers.
All offices auxiliary to Courts, such
as Clerks of Courts, Masters in Equi?
ty, etc., etc., created by general laws,
for tho administration of justice, aro
within the meaning of tho Acts of
A Notary Public, being a mere
ministerial officer, and performing no
executive or judicial duties, is not
within the disqualifying clauses of tho
Acts of Congress.
Local officers, having executive
powers and duties defined by general
laws, and embraced within the civil
polity of tho State, although chosen
or appointed by tho people of the
vicinage, aro disqualified, if, after
holding such offices, they voluntarily
engaged in tho rebellion, or afforded
aid and comfort to persons so engag?
ed-for example, overseers of high?
ways, land commissioners, overseers
of tho poor, Captains of Beat Com?
Naturalized citizens, having abjur?
ed allegiance to all sovereignty other
than that of tho United States, and
having taken upon themselves tho
obligations and duties belonging to
citizens, and acquired thereby the
rights and privileges of citizenship,
who afterwards renounced voluntarily
their allegiance to the United States,
and acknowledged allegiance to and
became citizens of tho protended
government of the "Confederate
States of America," and voluntarily
took up arms against tho United
States, or gavo aid and comfort to
tho enemies thereof, havo ceased by
their own act to bo citizens of tho
United Statos, and will bo deemed
aliens until again naturalized as citi?
zens of the United States.
Tho cases of all such porsons will,
howover, bo specially noted on tho
books of registration, for further con?
sideration before tho final revision
prior to on election.
"Wo havo already announced tho
receipt of the first bale of new cotton I
in this market. Tho second lot
two balea-waa bought yesterday, by
Hardy Solomons, Esq., at 18 cents
Having a complete printing office,
superintended by tho proprietor, we
can execute every description of book
and job printing-bill and letter
heads, circulars, labels, posters, pro?
grammes, business, wedding and in?
vitation cards, railroad receipts,
checks, drafts, &c. Our friends will
find it to their interest (and ours) to
give us a call.
Head Udolpho Wolfe's advertise?
ments in to-day's paper.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Attention is call
<tl to tho following advertisements, which
are published this morning for the first
8. II. Myers & Co.-Now Goods.
J. P. Eisenmann-Merchant Tailor.
J. ?fc T. R. Agnew-Wagon Findings.
M. J. Calnan-Registration.
H. Ri. Geiger-Estato Notice.
Jamo? H. Taylor-Lost Certificates.
Jacob Levin-Horso and Wagon.
D. C. Peixotto ib Son-Sundries.
W. E. Lowrance-Wood's Mowers.
Extra Mooting Chicora Base Rall Club.
Edwin J. 8cott-Stocks, Bonds, &c.
H. M. Gibson-Hardware and Groceries.
SQUIB - A FACT NOT GENEBATXY Arrnr.
CIATED.-When a merchant changes his
stand, ho is certain to sell goods very
cheap for a long time, to havo bis cus?
tomers follow bim, and make his move
fiopular. Mr. R. C. Shiver has moved bis
argo new stock of Dry Goods to Main
NEW YORK AND BROOKLYN.-It has
been already noted that it was pro?
posed to erect a monster bridge over
the East River, to connect Now York
and Brooklyn, and thus relieve those
cities from tho continued and in?
creasing pressure upon the ferries.
According to the .statement, this
bridge is one of tho greatest works
now projected. The entire length of
tho bridge will be 5,981 feet; the
length of the river span will be 1,433
feet, and tho height of the bridge
from the water will bo 130 feet; so
that navigation will not be interrupt?
ed in any manner. The towers will
be immense, the height being 2G8
feet from high water mark. The
outside of the pillars will bo of gra?
nite, the interior concrete. The floor
of the bridge will be made firo and
water-proof. From a detailed account
of the bridge, we extract the follow?
ing interesting description of its
width and purposes:
"Tho under-framing which forms
tho bridge floor is eighty- feet wide,
divided in five spans by six piers of
iron trusses. The two outside spans
are fifteen feet wide, and form road?
ways for all kinds of travel. Iron
tramways are laid down for the
wheels to run on, the same os on the
Cincinnati Bridge, leaving four feet
eight and one-half inches in tho
clear for the horses to run on. The
next two spaces are each thirteen
feet wide, provided with steel rails
for two passenger trains backward
and forward alternately, propelled by j
an endless chain rope and stationary
engine on tho Brooklyn sido. These
cars can safely have a running speed
of twenty miles an hour, but forty
might bo made in the centre of the
bridge. Two sets of engines will
always be in readiness, lest an acci?
dent should occur to the one in use.
228,000 persons could be passed over
this road in twenty-four hours in one
direction, besides those who might
go on foot, which would reach nearlv
500,000 in ail. It is stated that the
bridge could accommodate the entire
travel of all the ferries as they are
now constructed, which is about
40,000,000 annually. The fifth divi?
sion of tho bridge is reserved for au
elevated promenade for people of
THE PRESIDENT'S POSITION.-On
this vexed question, tho New York
correspondent of tho Louisville Cou?
rier says : w
Tho decided policy adopted by the
President "recently exercised a good
influence in this city and State. It
came at a late hour, but perhaps not
too lalo to savo tho country from
anarchy and ruin. It seems ns if he
invited impeachment and defied his
political foes. He has thrown down
thc gauntlet, and it is to bo seen
whether the rump Congress will dare
pick it up.
v. His courso is understood better
hero, perhaps, than in tho West. I
am not permitted to reveal all I
know; but this I can say-ho does
defy Congress with its usurped
powers, and ii they attempt to re?
move him from office, they will find ho
is prepared to resist anything beyond
their legitimate powers. Tho Presi?
dent has bold ns well ns able coun?
sellors, and such ns will stand by
him in his grand omi patriotic efforts
to preserve a constitutional govern?
Gen. R. S. Ewell is in "big luck."
Ho is ablo to sell 708 acres of land
in Giles County, Tennessee, for S2C