Newspaper Page Text
Saturday Morning, Sept. 21, 1867.
Thc I?ast Amnesty Proclamation.
In commenting apon or talking of
the late amnesty proclamation, as is
natural, we are all induced to con?
sider its futuro effects upon those to
whom it applies. It is well to look
into tho matter, and inquire what
was the moving cause of this pro?
clamation of pardon. The President,
in every step of his polioy, has only
carried out the theory on which tho
war against tho South was conducted,
which was to bring back the refrac?
tory States into the Union. History
will record thiB foot, first in the
diplomatic note pf Mr. Seward, in?
forming "^o world that it was not
designed by his Government-should
it be victorious-to subvert any exist?
ing institution of tho rovolted States,
or change their constitutional rela?
tions to tho Union- In tho second
place, Congress-in the summer of
1861-substantially repeated this de?
claration, expressly disclaiming that
tho war was waged for any purpose of
subjugation, and alleging that tho
sole purpose was to maintain the
supremnoy of the Constitution, and
preserve tho Union, with all the
rights of tho sovernl States unim?
paired. In the opinion of Congress,
at that time, as soon as the Union
arms were victorious, and removed
existing obstacles to tho avowed ob?
jects of the war, tho war ought to
In tho third place, President Lin?
coln, entertaining tho then views of
Congress, and indeed of tho whole
people of the North, never renounced
them until the day of his death. He
was long importuned to issue a pro?
clamation emancipating the slaves,
but this he steadily refused to do,
whilo there seemed a prospect ol
successfully concluding the war with?
out it, and nt lost, only consented tc
resort to it as au indispensable mea
sure of military policy. lu short,
during tho wholo war, tho Federa
Government, through all its organe
acted on tho theory that tho Consti
talion, in the refractory States, wai
suspended, and not abrogated, am
that the obstacles of armed rcbollior
having been once removed, tho sn
prennicy of the Constitution in tin
Southern States, was restored, as J
logical sequence of the triumph o
the Union arms.
Upon this chain Jbi precedents
President Johnson based his lat?
proclamation, after reciting tho fact
above mentioned. Indeed, what ha
been called "the President's policy,'
is nothing more or less than carrying
out the policy of bis predecessor
and that of Congress, expressed ii
various acts of its legislation darin]
the war. It may suit pnrtizan in
torests tu denonuco President John
son as ?in usurper, an obstinate self
willed Executive, whose highest ain
is to thwart Congress and defy it
enactments, hut history traces event
with au unbiased pen, and from
stand-point uninfluenced by partiza:
dogmas and so-eulle I principles, an
will accord to the ??resident consh
tency, fidelity and firmness in carry
ing ont tho policy of his predeces
sor, and of Congr ess itself, in thei
expressed views of the truo mode <
reconstructing the Union. That li
hus not been driven from his un
form line of policy to effect this enc
with tho fury of bitter party oppos
tion raging around him, is very ev
dent from this last proclamatioi
which is as calm, temperate nc
forcible as any of his former produ
REFORM LS LIEI?ANI?.-Tho Ref or
League hasbrokon ground in Irelnn
On tho evening of tho 3d instant,
mass meeting was held in Dublin, tl
Lord Mayor of tho city presiding,
which resolutions in favor of mn
hood suffrrgo and of the formation
local organizations to agitate t]
question of equal rights for all, wo
unanimously adopted. Among tl
note-worthy incidents of tho gre
gathering, was tho reading of a lot*
from John Stuart Mill, in which
avows his conviction that Irelum
only hope of completo justice lies
tho transferring of a large share
political power to classes who aro i
nuder thc influence of landed
"Old 8 wcotboarts"- Second-hn
Pnulng Into (he Mlnorltlc?.
It takes a long time for the people
pf the United States to retruco their
steps "when they hare wandered from
the good old way blazed ont by their
fathers and the founders of their
republican form of government. Bot
they aro sure to como right at last;
and as their past history has eluci?
dated this trait in thoir character, let
us hope that, in the future, it will be
still further illustrated by their devo?
tion to the ancient land-marks of
constitutional liberty, and that the
predictions of croakers as to the
overthrow of our form of Govern?
ment will oome to naught.
This noticeable re-actionary feature
in the character of tho people was
never more strikingly presented than
at tho present time. lu every in?
stance where elections have been
held, the vote for the party in power
has fallen off; and it is remarkable
that this re-action first manifested
itself in that section which ever had
tho ill fortune to give to tho country
the destructive elements of agitation
and fanaticism-New England. What?
ever may be the cause, the people ol
those States have been the first to
lay violent hands on the idol they
had reared; while, without stopping
to inquire into tho cause of this
unaccountable re-action, tho people
elsewhere have also come up to thc
A brief glance at thc recent nu
mistakable signs of this revulsion o:
political feeling may uot bo uuinte
resting. The first State voting wai
New Hampshire. In that Stat?, th<
Republican majority in 18G0 wai
4,656; while, in 1867, it w is onh
2,472-which, on a popular vote o
less than 60,000, was a tremendous
falling oft". Next in order came oh
Connecticut, in which State the Re
publican party lost by thc change ii
tho vote, in a single year, their who!
State ticket ami three out of tho fou
Congressmen. From a majority o
511 in 18GG, they passed in 1367 int?
a minority of 892. Only two year
ago, tho radicals carried that State b;
a majority of 11,000. The late rosul
in that State so started the unscrupu
lous leaders of the party in Con
gross, that they instructed thc cow
mitteo they had appointed t
investigate tho loyalty of Koutuek
to proceed to Connecticut, and iv
quire if her loyalty was beyond rt
proacli. The finishing blow to th
party was in California, where tho
have lost thc entire State, and hav
been whipped-horse, foot and dru
goons. Verily, thc party is passin
into tho region of the minorities
and no specious excuses or reason
for this state of affairs can avert th
impending and final doom thatawail
-, ^ ? i
How THU Poon NEGROES AUB DJ
LUBED,-A Noxubee County (Miss
correspondent gives an account of
radical meeting called by three m
groes and three white men, wliic
tho negroes were induced to atteu
by the announcement that thoir p
gistratiou tickets would bo void
they remained away. A white speak
at the meeting promised them tl
mules and lands of their employer
and then took np a subscription I
bear his expenses to tho general co:
vention to Jackson. He collecte
Tho recent proclamation of tl
President, commanding obedience
the laws, has had the effect of r
storing the writ of habeas corpus
the people of Tennessee. Eve
Brownlow feels compelled to toe t
mark, now that the President li
finally put his foot down.
PnouiTAHLK FARMING,-Dr. Ge
B. Loring, tho President of the Nt
England Agricultural Society, te
what scientific farming will do in t
comparatively sterile soil of Ni
England. Ho stated, in a recent n
dress before tho sociot3', that
knew a man in Massachusetts wi;
in 1825, bought twenty acres of lat
He has applied to it all the nccun
knowledge that he could get. Thc
is no month in tho year that son
thing docs not bloom ou his far
thero is something green there
ways; and ho always has somo cr
to send to market. You walk thron
it and find everything going on j
a.". regularly, accurately and carcfu
as tho cotton goos through tho loo
He has managed his affairs with p
dence, accuracy and care, ami J
made from his farm of twenty nc
$250,000 in forty years."
ON PABOLB, -The New York Tittie*
is not disposed to favor indiscrimi?
nate speech-making on. the part of
poli tico-military aspirants; and is,
moreover, assured of the good faith
of tho Southern whites. It says, edi?
torially, on tho subjeot of tho recent
military procession in praise of Gen.
The occasion for speech-making,
however, sound and sensible, has to
be carefully chosen. The country,
at the present moment, is in no grout
humor for military serenades cither
by tho National Guard or the "Grand
Army of the Republic." Wo are all
willing and anxious to see every
tribute of honor and respect paid to
those who have faithfully done ser?
vice for the Union in times of peril.
But the country seems to long for
tho time when we can dispenso with
military display as au adjunct of civil
Gen. Sickles tells his old associates
that tho enemies who surrendered to
Grant, and Sherman, anil ?Sheridan,
uro now on their parole of honor to
obey the laws of tho land. But il
may be doubted whether it is well foi
au officer in Gen. Sickles' position tc
express, even indirectly, a doubt thai
their parole would be broken nndei
any condition, whether the President
aims to give effect to the wishes ant:
intents of Congress or not. Then
hus not, thus far, been any indicatioi
that the officers of tho late Confede
racy-those of them at least whe
have auy influence over pol?tica
opinion at the South-desire t<
thwart the purposes of Congress, 01
to revive the sectional disagreement:
of the past in nuy shape. There i:
evidence-strong and iucontroverti
ble-we think, in the other direction
-_ > ?
KENTUCKY.-The following extrae
from Ex-Gov. Bramlette's speech, n
tho inauguration of Governor Helm
whose death, immediately after in
nuguration, has been announced b;
telegraph, shows that Kentucky
State the radicals desire to recor
struct-is to-day on a better Uuancis
condition than any other State in th
Union. Gov. Brnmlcttc said:
"When I came into office the dcb
of the State created before the wa
was $5,815,234.03. We borrowe
and expended during the war, i
supporting our Government, $4,653,
593.59. This added to the debt ci
isting before the war, and unpai
when I came into office, makes $10
468,826.62. Of this wo have paid o
all except $4,646,199.46. This amour
includes all our present indebtcdue.'
created for internal improvement
and school purposes, and tho del
created for war purposes. The schot
is made a permanent debt under oi
Constitution, the interest onlv pa*
able. Deduct it-$1,632,297.46
from the debt which is to be pai<
aud it leaves our present debt S3
013,902. To meet this we have iii tl
Treasury at this time 81.407,947.9
and in the bank and other stocks coi
stituting tho sinking fund, $6,105
294.50. Wo also have a large unpai
balance due from the Federal Govori
ment for war expenditures, which
now being pressed for settlement,
j found you iu debt, with an existir
necessity to largely increase th
debt. I leave yon with your del
reduced, aud ample means provide
to discharge all your liabilities."
WADE AND WILSON.-The stum
ers, Wado and Wilson, have mai
characteristic speeches, of which t]
Herald disposes in a very few word
Wo may present these two pice
of party harangue as satisfactori
showing two things-first, that t
Republicau party, in using up tl
nigger, has used up its whole capil
and has not a single idea to prese
to tho people-or none that it dti
present; and, second, upon how sm
a capital of original thought m
may bo tho great leaders of a grt
party, and stand so high in pal
appreciation as to bo named, u
sneeringly, as Presidential cant
dntcs. Mr. Wado made two poin
One of these is that tho uatioi
debt is "a mere bagatelle." If t
national debt is a "'bagatelle," m
may ask the Senator what it is tl
makes that burden of taxes that
some time ago deplored as weiglii
so heavily upon the people, that
thought a new division of propel
might be necessary to lighten
Mr. Wade's other point was that
did not know whether he was a wh
mau or not. And these two poii
apparently constitute the politi
capital-tho new idea-upon wlii
tho Republican party in tho W
goes into tho campaign. It rema
to bo seen whether an cthnologi
doubt and n liuancial falsity are gc
capital for a political campaign.
< ?? ? ??
An ill-looking fellow was asl
how ho could account for natui
forming him so ugly. "Nature ?
not to blame," said he, "for whe
was two mouths of age, I was i
handsomest child in tho neighb
hood, but my nurse, to avenge li
self upon my parents for some hine
injury ut their hands, oue day sw
ped me away for another boy
longing to a friend of hera, wh
child was rather plaiudooldng."
Death ot an African Chief.
Tho London ?Vmes has the follow?
ing item concerning the death of an
African chief :
From advices by the French mail
from tho West const of Africa we
learn of the death of the -warrior
ohief Mabba, who has for tho last six
years been a fearful scourge among
the native tribes inhabiting the coun?
tries bordering on the English and
French territories in the Senngani
bia. Mabba, in 1861, was a chief of
but little importance in the kingdom
of Batldiboo. He was, however, a
staunch Mahommedan, and watching
his opportunity iu that year, he re?
belled against his pagan king, put
him to death, and assumed the su?
preme rule of tho country. With
lire and sword ho established the reli?
gion of Islnm, killing all those who
would not shavo their heads and
swear on the Koran their adherence
to his faith. This fanatical warrior,
elated by tho success he had obtained
over his negro brethren, in June,
18G0, Bent an invading army into the
British territory, on the Gambia; but
ho was repulsed, and sitstnincd great
losses from the able strategy of the
Governor, Col. D'Arcy. Mabba,
however, then thought he would at?
tack the French, and in December of
tho same year, with 4,000 warriors,
surrounded a party of 300 European
French troops and massacred them
all, with the exception of nine, who
alone escaped to toll the sad talo.
The sacrifices and customs of tho
King of Dahomey aro but a trifle
compared to the slaughter and misery
this fanatic Mabba has, bj' his ruth?
less policy, inflicted on tho unoffend?
ing negro races.
This mail, however, brings thc
news that ho has been captured in
battle by Joliffe, the King of Seiu,
and his head and bauds sent exult?
ingly by that king as a trophy of suc?
cessful war to the Governor of the
French settlements on the Senegal.
It hos been computed that no less
than 20,01)0 human beings have boen
killed, or have died through starva?
tion, or have been abducted aud sold
into slavery by this monster Mabba,
under tho eloak of religion; so that,
now his career is ended, it is hoped
that peace and prosperity may be
restored to these unhappy countries.
THE RE-ACTION COMMENCED IN THE
CITY PRESS.-We understand that
tho radical organs in this city have
lost one-third of their subscribers
within the past three months. This
falling off is in consequence of tho
dissatisfaction of prudent business
men and intelligent, fair-minded citi?
zens with the violent tirades and
bloody revolutionary schemes of the
extreme radicals, who aro ready to
plunge tho country into all sorts of
dangers and difficulties, rather than
lose possession of tho spoils of the
Government. It is an indication of
tho ao-action that is going on all over
tho Union, and that will soon appear
iu Pennsylvania and New York, just
the same as it has becu soon already
in California and Maine.
I Kew York Herald.
Au outrage, has been perpetrated
on the United States Consul in Crete
by the Turkish officials, who have
seized and opened his despatches.
Redress" lins been demanded, but the
Turkish authorities are unwilling to
make satisfactiou. Our Constantino?
ple correspondent pertinently asks,
'What will Mr. Seward do about the
matter ?" Mr. Morris, tho Consul,
we aro told, is upheld in his demand
by every diplomat in Constantinople.
Surely steps will be taken to vindicate
tho wounded honor of the United
\Neia York Tribune.
A WISE DECISION.-Louis XIV,
playing at backgammon, had a doubt?
ful throw; a dispute arose, and thc
surrounding courtiers all remained
silent. Tho Count de Grammont
happened to come in that instant.
"Decide the matter," says tho King
to him. "Siro," said the Count,
"your Majesty is in tho wrong."
"How," replied tho King, "can you
thus decide, without knowing the
question?" "Because," said the
Count, "had thc matter been doubt?
ful, all these gentlemen present
would have given it for your Ma?
Printer's dovils aro great ladies'
men, notwithstanding they have a
vory hard time. Some time ago, ono
of thoso hard-named fellows and his
lady-love were taking an evening
stroll, and as they were walking
along, chattering briskly upon tho
numerous topics of thc day, sho sud?
denly caught his hand, and looking
smilingly into his face, asked: "Do
you know why I cannot get religion?"
"No, my dear, I do not." "It is
because I lovo the devil."
THE ENGLISH HARVESTS.-We be?
lieve that, judging from results so far
as they hnvo yet boen ascertained,
and from appearances at present, wo
may congratulate onrselves probably
on tho likelihood of a full granary
this autumn, with au abundance of
root produce for human food, not
less than tho provender of cattle.
[London Standard, 27'th.
; The St. Louis Democrat regards
President Johnson's amnesty procla?
mation as a formal d?claration of war
REGISTKATION XS NOBTH CAKOLTNA.
Rog i st rat ion returns from North Ca?
rolina indicate that in tho Western
part of the State more white votes
will be registered than the total vote
of 1860. The proportion of white to
black was six to five. Tho colored
voto will increase the total over that
of 1860, by at least fifteen per cent.
The Republican ticket will receive a
large majority in that part of the
At Fernandina and the neighbor?
hood a curious question has como up.
Among tho freedmen who presented
themselves for registration ore a largo
number who were born in Africa.
Tho Board of Registration asked for
naturalization papers, and they re?
ferred tho question of admitting them
to higher authority.
There were some amusing scenes
at tho polls in Nashville, on election
day. Ono new born freedman pre?
sented his marriage license iusteud
of a registration certificate. Another
brought his wife with him to the
ballot-box. "She can't vote," said
ho, "but bress God, I fotch her
along tu seo that I kiu, by golly!"
An editor whoso name was Fry,
took unto himself a "fifth rib." His
neighbor of tho quill, being very
kindly disposed toward him nud his
better half, wished "success to Mr.
and Mrs. Fry and all the small 'fry.' "
The charter of a now city in Con?
necticut is said to be as long as the
moral law, which is entirely out of
proportion to the morality of the
A SHABBY COMPLIMENT.-We notice
tho Southern blacks are takiug the
alias of Horace Greeley when arrested
Official reports show that 1,120,000
children attend school in Russia
oue aud a half per cent, on tho popu?
A clerical gentleman'observes of a
recent camp meeting, that "the order
was as nearly perfect as could bo ex?
pected in this world of siu."
The editor of a paper in Indiana
wants to know if Western whiskey
was ever seen "coming through the
The number of marriage licenses
issued iu Chicago for tho past year
is nearly equal to that of the divorces.
The marriages numbered 2,000.
A mau, in Hamilton, Ohio, has
drunk an average of twenty-five glass?
es of lager per day, for fifteen years
past, and is still drinking.
Mrs. Sally Atwood, of Myricks
ville, has passed her 104th birth-day,
and looks for several more.
Tho light of other days-Tallow
A truly great mau never puts away
the simplicity of a child.
Ho who toils with pain will eat, with
Died, on 28th July, Mrs. JANE OWENS,
thu daughter of .Mrs. Mary Hominies, of I
Columbia, S. C. F. A. M.
JUS T received a small lot of vory linc
fresh DEMONS, at
McK ENZIE'S Confectionery,
Sept 21 1 Grcenfleld's liow.
?AND MISS EDWARDS, have re?
sumed their DANCING SCHOOL at
Mrs. S. P. Gibbes', Senato street.
Final Notice-1st Precinct.
rTlHE books will bc opened forlinal regis
X tration, at Camp Ground, on MON?
DAY and TUESDAY next, September 23
and 24, and at Ford's Mill (or Killian's) on
THURSDAY and FRIDAY, September 2G
and 27. All persons who havo not regis?
tered aro invited to como iorward.on tho
above dava and register. Rv order of thc
Hoard. " JAMES WINDSOR, Cha'n.
Sept 21 2
Orange County Butter, &c.
_ JUST TO HAND, .
?laa&Sl 3 lu kins choice Oraugo County
@a?? 2 half bbls Fulton Market rici
2 half bbls Fulton Market Pickled Beef,
1 bbl Smoked Tongues,
1 bbl Smoked Beef,
2,000 lbs Sugar-Cured Breakfast Strips,
loo selected Sugar-Cured Hams, Rai?
sins, Currants, Sardines, Macearon!, Cof?
fees, Teas, Trenton Crackers, fresh to
hand and for salo at lowest prices.
Sept 21 GEO. BYMMERS.
In the District Court of the United
States for the District of South
In (lie. matter of Melvin M. Cohen, by whom
o petition for adjudication of bankruptcy
irna filed on the SQth day of July, A. V,
1WG7, <ii mid Court.
THIS is to givo notice that, on the 30th
day of July, A. D. 1807, a Warrant in
Dankrnptoy was issuod against thc Estate
or MELVIN M. COHEN; of Columbia, in
tho District of Richland and Stato of South
Carolina, who has been adjudged a bank?
rupt, on his own petition; that tho payment
of any dobts anti delivery of any property
belonging to such bankrupt, to him, or for
his uso, and tho transfor of any property
by him, arc forbidden by law; that a moot?
ing of tho creditors of tho said bankrupt,
to provo their debts, and to choose one or
moro assignees of his Estate, will bo held
at a Court of Bankruptcy, to bo boldon at
tho oftico of Messrs. Pickling A Popo, in
Columbia, in the District of Richland, S.
C., before,!. M. Rutland, Register in Bank?
ruptcy, on THURSDAY, tho M\ day of Oc
tobor, 18(17, at 12 o'clock M.
J. P. M. EPPING,
United States Marshal,
Sept 21 |3 AA Messenger.
BARLEY ! BARLEY! !
WE WANT about 8,000 bushels of good
Clean Darley, fur brewing Lager
Boer. Tho cash will bo paid on delivery,
at market rates.
August 30 J. C. ?EEOE11S A CO.
THE SOUTHERN KELIEF LOTTERY.
We have just received a small lot of
tickets in the above gift entertain?
ment, for tho relief of the indigent
poor of the South. All those desir?
ous of purchasing will apply at once
at tho Phoenix office, as but a short
time will elapse before the drawing.
Tho walls of the State House,
which have for such a length of time
been exposed to tho weather, and as
a consequence were getting materi?
ally injured, are about being covered
with a substantial roof. Clark Wa?
ring, Eaq, the contractor, is pushing
tho work along rapidly.
Fon NEW YORK.-Mr. H. C. Shiver
is off for New York again this morn?
ing, and in a few days will return
with a fine stock of goods for the
: winter. Our readers can form some
thing of an idea of tho amount of
business this go-ahead dry goods
merchant is doing, when it is known
that ho finds it absolutely necessary
to visit the Northern markets every
six weeks, for tho purpose of re?
plenishing his stock.
Having a complete printing office,
superintended by tho proprietor, we
can execute every description of book
and job printing-bill and letter
heads, circulars, labels, posters, pro?
grammes, business, wedding and in?
vitation cards, railroad receipts,
checks, drafts, &c. Our friends will
find it to their interest (and ours) to
give us a call.
THE GOOD TIMK COMINO.-Messrs.
Fisher & Lowrance, it appears, are
fully impressed with tho idea that the
"goodtime," which has been antici?
pated for such a length of time, is
nearly nt hand. They have mate?
rially increased their storage room,
and aro laying in a largo and diversi?
fied assortment of articles-embrac?
ing any and everything in the grocery
and hardware lines. We hope their
prognostications will be fully realized.
"A SPIDER, IS IT?"-During the
past year, we have witnessed strange
sights, and have heard of many
others; but a specimen of the work
of a hugo ungainly-looking spider,
domiciled on the premises of W. J.
Thomas & Co., on Bridge street, goes
ahead of thom all. This insect cuts
queer unties, and weaves his web in
the shapo of different letters-in one
instance, the words "On Westward"
being easily discerned. Whether he
has been educated by some speculat?
ing Western man, who is desirous of
playing on tho superstitious feelings
of tho freedmen, or, ou his own
hook, is impressing it more fully on
! the minds of the dissatisfied portion
of this unfortunate country, that
"Westward the star of empire takes
its way," we are not prepared to say;
but that it is a curious affair, one and
all will agree. Look out, Mr. Spider,
or Pan. Costello will bag you.
Read Udolpho Wolfe's advertise?
ments in to-day's paper.
One night, in a thunder shower,
we thought tho little ones all asleep,
when a little voico from tho "trundle
bed," called out, "O, mother, the
dark is winking; first it turns up and
then it shuts down."
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. -Attention is call?
ed to tho following advertisements, which
are published this morning for the first
J. C. Janney-List of Letters.
George Symmera-Batter, Pork, Ac.
James Windsor-Final Notice.
D. B. DoSaussuro-lu Equity.
James L. Orr-Proclamation.
J. P. M. Epping-In Bankruptcy.
SQUIB-A FACT NOT GENERALLY ArraE
ciATED.-When a merchant changes his
stand, ho is cortain to sell goods very
cheap for a long time, to have his eus
tomers follow him, and mako his move
popular. Mr. B. C. Shiver has moved his
largo nev stock of Dry Good? to Main
Jn re Simeon Fair, Solicitor.- Bill to per?
petuate testimony. Ex parle Edward J.
Arthur, Executor J. A. Moore, deceas?
ed.-Petition in the case.
THE petitioner in thc above stated case
having tiled hi? petition in this office
to perpotuato tho testimony to certain re?
ceipts and vouchers of payment hy him
made, as Executor of tho last will and tes?
tament of JOHN A. MOOltE, deceased,
which were lost or destroyed during the
late war, in conformity with tho decretal
ordor passed in the above stated hill, ou
motion of Arthur, Melton & Melton, pro.
pet., it is ordered that nil persons churning
interest in the matters and things) herein
before set forth, do appear at my ofMce,
three months from tho date of tho publi?
cation hereof, to cross-examine tho evi>
denc f produced and produce evidence i:
rcplv. 1>. B. DESATJSSUKE,
Sept 21 ?13 C. E. It. T.