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BY JULIAN A. SELBY. COLUMBIA, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 23, 1867. VOLUME III-NO. 185.
rUBlisHED DAILY AND TBI-WEEKEY.
EV Ell Y WEDNESDAY MOEN INO.
BY JULI?N A. SELBY,
Office on Alain street, a few doors above
Taylor (or Camden) Btreet.
Dailv Paper, six months.?4 00
Tri-Weekly. ?? " .2 50
Weekly, " " .1 50
Inserted at 75 cents pei square for the flrat j
insertion, and 50 cen tB for each subsequent.
Weekly 75 cents each insertion.
49" A liberal discount made on the above I
rates when advertisements are inserted by \
the month or year.
W. C. Moore, Abbeville.
J. R. Allen, Chester.
Julius Poppe, Anderson C. H.
8. P. Kinard, Newberry C. H.
W. T. Bims, Union.
J. M. Allen, Greenville.
South Carolin? Blanofactorlc?.
TAMOSSF.E, PIOKENS DIST., S. C.,
October 18, 1867.
To Hiram MiUer, Esq., New York.
MY DEAR FROKT>: After traveling
through the Western and Northern
States, I bave been much s track
with the sad contrast presented by
the present condition of our beloved
Sonth. Throughout the entire Une
of my travels, North and Weat, the
evidences of thrift, enterprise and
progress were everywhere discerni?
ble. But here, where nature has
been so bountiful in her gifts, there
are constant evidences of decay and
discouragement, tending to utter
stagnation. It is not my purpose to
allude to the too well known causes
of this state of things, but to assure
you that I see the remedy. I know
not how to impress my convictions
npon you in a more forcible manner
than to relate to you n few of the
facts and observations from whioh I
have drawn my conclusions.
In my travels through the npper
portion cf the State of South Caro?
lina, I visited a small cotton factory,
about twelve miles from Greenville
Court House, called Buena Vista. It
was worked by water power, and
employed about thirty operatives,
ana, upon careful inquiry, I ascer?
tained it was a very successful enter?
prise. Mr. Lester, one of the pro?
prietors, informed me thnt during
the war they had worked two sets of
hands, running day and night; since
that time, they have doubled their
machinery, and that one of their
firm was thon North, engaged in pro?
curing a still larder amount of ma?
chinery. Mr. Purifoy, the agant .of
this factory, told me that they could
draw on New York for the full value
of their yarns upon consignment,
being at all times a cash article; and
that if they had the necessary amount
of capital, they could increase their
business an hundred fold; that labor
was abundant, the late war having
left the country filled with widowB
and orphan children, to whom, this
occupation was a blessing, and almost
their only resort, next to working in
the open fields. Upon inquiry, I
found that their wages was $2 per
week, and the agent informed me '
that they expended nearly all their '
pay in the factory's store. They fur- 1
nished goods nt such prices as made 1
their wages really nett them fifty '
cents per day. This seems like very
poor pay; but, when compared with
tho cost of living here, is, I am sure,
fully equal to the pay of operatives
in the New England States.
There is another factory within a
few miles of said factory, where they
weave their yarns into cloth, employ?
ing about sixty hands. This is also
in a flourishing condition; and, as
far as I can ascertain, most of tho
cotton factories in the State are doing
well-tho one nt Pendleton being
about to double its machinery. Prom
these and similar facts, I have become
thoroughly convinced that if wo of
tho South were but to devote a tithe
of our energy and capital to cotton
and other manufactories, that we
could, with tho nid of our great natu?
ral advantages, oro long, wrest from
tho Now England States tho palm of
manufacturing supremacy on this
continent, and render our people in
every way moro independent and
happy. It is, indeed, strango that
our capitalists havo been so long
indifferent to tho great natural ad?
vantages wo have over New England,
in this powerful, wealth-producing
Should it bo asked iu what do these
advantages consist, I would reply:
1st. Is not tho cotton grown at our
very doors? Would not all tho ex?
pense of transportation, commissions,
insurance, &e., bo saved? (A very
handsome profit in itself.) 2d. Have
we not a market at home and in New
Orleans, which could be supplied by
our factories at less "t cost than~tbey
could possiblybe from the Nev/ Eng?
land States? dd. We have abundant
water power-the finest in the world
-and much of it so situated that it
can be made available nt much less
cost than those of New England
generally. I know of one in this
vicinity that has sufficient power to
ran all the mills nt Holyoke or Chico
pee, where nature herself has been
the architect, constructing an im?
mense natural dam, race, &c., as
though it wero expressly designed for
the ?ito of large factories. It is.
without doubt, the finest in this sec?
tion of country-nature having left
scarce anything for mau to do, save
to adapt his machinery to it. The
most skillful millwright could not
imagine a combination of all the
requisite elements superior to this
one. Here we have a never-failing
mountain stream precipitated over a
precipice fully thirty feet in height,
with ?n immense natural dam ol
solid granite; the land so situated
immediately below the fall as to pre?
sent most admirable sites for the fac?
tory building. On the other side, s
beautiful hill to locate a factory vil?
lage, from whose crest a magnificent
view of the Blue Ridge Mountains it
presented, scarce three miles distant,
shutting out the North and North'
west winds; surrounded by abundnnl
springs of the coldest water; a cli?
mate subject to no extremes of heat
or cold; where doctors find it hore
to make a living; where ohills ant
fevers are not known, except whei
brought from the low country, fron
whence invalids frequently resort tc
gain exuberant health from tho pur?
mountain air aud clear natural foun
tains; where there is also abundan
fine building stone, lime and timber
jast where it is wanted.
Little River rises among the moan
tains of the Apalachian chain" ii
Pie ken s District, S. C., and fiowin?
along the Southern slope betweei
wooded hills and fertile and cultiv?t
ed bottoms, unites with the Tamas
seer Creek and other tributaries; nati
its volume equals twenty-five feet i:
width by five feet depth at its lowes
stage- of water. It is here suddenl
arrested, and its current brought a
most to a stand-still by this hug
rock dam, full twenty-five feet broa
on top, and almost level, stretchin
directly at right angles across the be
of the stream for full one hundre
and fifty feet in length, causing tb
water to back up and spread out t
near about the same width. Close i
tho right bank there is a break i
this dam of about twenty-five feet i
width, in the centre of which brea
there is a largo rock projecting froi
the immense rock-bed below, whic
forms a central pier as of a bridg
the banks on either side are of soli
granite rock, and forms abutmen
on both sides immediately above tl
dam. It is only through the bret
before described, that the divid?
waters tako their leap down tho rocl
chasm, within the distance of a hu:
dred yards, to a pool full thirty fe
below the .level of the water, abo'
the dam. Statoding in the centre
this rock dam, you can dip your har
into the stream above, while you ci
?hop a pebble into the river belo1
a perpendicular height of thirty fee
though the face of the fall is not pe
pendicular, but abounds in numero
cascades, bounding, dashing ai
foaming among the rocks belo'
where a sudden bend in the riv
takes its further course out of vie
On your right hand, just below tl
Abutment rock, the land gently slop
)ff to near a level, and no one cou
loubt that this is the spot for facto
Buildings. Tho break in the dai
with its central pier, could be lock
ivith a flood gate, or could be wall
ip with rock and cement in a ?
lays, placing the entiro stream uno
nunan control, by opening a flu?
sr race behind and around the roc
\butment before mentioned. A
here I would mention, that if au ad
tional height of fall were requiv?
this could be readily increased to li
feet by building upon tho natu
dam from abutmont to abutment,
examining the spot where I propi
tho race should bo tut, I ".van c
prised to find a nutural opening
propor dimensions in tho rocks, a
extending near half tho requisito t
tance, though it was choked up w
earth and rooks. This is wha
meant by a natural race. '
I visited this spot with Mr. Ch
topher Jones, who owns Beveral th
saud acres of land adjacent to i
including this mill-site. He purcl
ed this tract in 1862, with tho expi
view and intention of carrying
the parp?se to which both nat
and human roason so strongly p<
as tho legitimate objects of this ha;
combination of elements; and
not tho late war deprived Mr. Jc
of a large portion of his means, this
locality would, ere this, have been
known as the site of one of the largest
cotton factories in tho Southern
And now, my dear sir, I arrive at
the object of this communication :
Mr. Jones, unable himself to accom?
plish this object, is not willing that
the country should be deprived of
the advantages he is convinced would
grow ont of the improvement of this
mill-site, and with commendable
liberality, h? offers to donate this
mill-site, together with an hundred
acres of land, to any man or company
of men, who will properly improve
it. ' The land will embrace the site of
the mills and village, extending on
both sides of tho river. He will also
guarantee to them abundance of
good building stone-rock, lime and
timber, for the constructing of all
their buildings; and if not objected
to, will invest in tho enterprise $10,
000 in a capital of $200,000, or
$5,000 in a capital cf $100,000.
The location of the mill-site herein
described, is ten miles from Wal?
halla, in Pickens District. There are
daily trains from Walhalla to Colum?
bia and Charleston, vin the Blue
Ridge Railroad. When this road is
completed to the tunnel, which is
now two-thirds finished, tho line of
the road will pass within six miles of
tho mill-Bite. Labor can bo readily
obtained here, and at low rates of
compensation. There are several
mining operations going on in this
vicinity, and the country gives evi?
dences of being rich in gold and sil?
ver. I have visited these mines and
washings, and found able-bodied
white men working for sixty cents
per day, and finding themselves.
In connection with this proposed
factory, probably there is no section
of the country that more needs a
store, to which a large trade might
be drawn from and beyond tho moun?
tains. Though tho people are poor,
yet in the way of bartering for wool,
hides, grain, kc, this could be made
a profitable auxiliary to the factory.
A tannery should also be added, aa
oak bark and hides aro plentiful. I
enclose you a truthful article on the
cost of provisions in this section.
Any further information will be
cheerfully furnished by Mr. Christo
pher Jones, who resides two miles
from the mill-site, and whose post
offlc^ is Walhalla, Pickens District,
Now, sir, I am convinced that this
is one of the finest opportunities for
investment to be found in tho whole
country; and was it known in the
right quarters, Mr. Jones' offer would
not be long open. And it is with the
view of letting it be known to enter?
prising men of capital, that I address
you this letter. Will you be so kind
as to make such use of it ns you may
think will best promote tho object.
To all who may inquire, assure them,
as I assure you, that I have no in?
terest whatever in this matter, save
and except the interest I feel in the
welfare of my country; and my con?
viction that wo ought to become a
manufacturing, as well as an agricul?
tural people. Yours truly,
CHAS. H. FONDE.
NEW M AUK IA GK GUIDE_An Es?
say for Young Men, on Physiological Er?
rors, Abuses and Diseases, incident to
Youth and Early Manhood, which crcato
impediments to MARRIAGE, with ?ure
moans of relief. Sent in sealed lotter en?
velopes, freo of charge. Address, Dr. J.
SKILLIN HOUGHTON, Howard Associa?
tion, Philadelphia, Pa. Sept 25 3mo
WHEATON'S OINTMENT will euro the Itch.
WHEATON'S OINTMENT will cure Salt Rheum.
WHEATON'S OINTMENT cures Old SoroB.
WHEATON'S OINTMENT cures all Diseases of
Price 50 cents-br mail CO conts. All
Druggists sell it. WEEKS k POTTER,
Boston, Mass., Proprietors. Sept 18 fly
DEW OK THE ALPS.
For salo wholesale by all tho grocers in
New OrleauB, Charleston, Mobile, Savan?
nah and Now York.
DEW OF THE ALI'S
Received tho first premium at the Paris
DEW OF THE ALI'S.
Tho manufacturers of the above cordial
not only received the lirst premium at tho
Paris Exposition, but were decorated by
DEW OF THE ALPS.
For salo by all tho druggists, grocers
and fruit stores in tho United States.
BRANDY, RUM AND WINES.
5,000 cascB old Cognac Brandy, imported
especially for private uso.
300 cases old Jamaica and St. Croix Rum,
hottled before the war.
10,000 cases Madeira, Shorry and Port
some very old and superior-various'
brands: all warrantod puro. For salo by
Aug 16 3mo 22 Beaver st.. Now York.
ESTABLISHED IN 1828.
TF NOT, CALL AT ONCE AND EXAMINE THE CHOICE SELECTION OF
NOW OPENING, and FOR SALE, and cheap enough to satiety tho moat economical,
at tho atoro of M. WINSTOCK. Tho Ladica' attention ia particularly invited to
tho stock of
Consisting; of PRINTS, beautiful patterns and fast colors; Brown and Bleached
DOMESTIC8, good and cheap DELAINES, ALPACAS, FLANNELS, LINSEY8,
OASSIMERES, for Genta and Boys, and PIECE GOODS of all description,
~\VhL|te Goods of* all Descriptions.
Ladies' Cloaks of" til e Latest Styles,
New Style of Balmoral Skirts,
All Descriptions of* Hoop Skirts.
ALSO, A FULL ASSORTMENT OF
GENT'S FURNISHING GOODS.
COUNTRY DEALERS, and tho PUBLIC IN GENERAL, aro respectfully invited to
call and look at my goods, as they will bo shown with pleasure, ana you w?l find that
wo sell cheaper than the cheapest in tho city.
ivr. >v IIVSTOOK:,
October 15 MAIN STREET.
R. C. ANDERSON
HAS JUST RETURNED FROM NEW YORK WITH THE MOST
GENT'S READY-MADE CLOTHING
TO BE RHINO Itt THIS MARKET.
- CHEAP CLOTHING, GOOD CLOTHING and tho VERY BEST OF CLOTHING.
Tra Suits from $6.50 to $75.00: or, in fact, at anv price to suit your pocket,
if?f Children's, Boys', Youth's and Young Meu'a CLOTHING, an excellent aaaort
JHLmcut, REALLY CHEAP.
GENT'S FURNISHING GOODS.
TRAVELING SHAWLS. Lan Robes, Cardigan Jackets, Wool Scarfs, Rubber Over
Coats, Capes,. Ponchos and Rubber Traveling Pillow*.
SCATS AND OAFS.
A superb assortment of Gent's, Youth's and Children'?, SILK, CASSISIERE,
BRUSH FELT, WOOL and CLOTH HATS, all of thc most fashionable siylua.
. UMBRELLAS, TRAVELING TRUNKS, CARPET BAGS, VALISES, LADIES' HAT
CASES, ?cc., ?LC
Having Mr. W. W. WALKER with mc, and a splendid assortment ot CLOTHS, CAS
SIMERES, VE8TINGS, Ac, on hand, wc aro prepared to mako up to measure, at Bhort
notice, ANYTHING A MAN WANTS, at prices to suit tho times.
October 13_It? C. ANDPKSOS, Aff.^nt.
COTTON GIN WAREHOUSE.
AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS AND MACHINERY,
M A N D FACTO KED AND FOR SALE, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL, BY
A. R. COLTON, COLUMBIA, S. C.
TnE facilities I have for MANUFACTURING-and connection with moro than
twontv Firat-Claes Manufacturera-warrant me in ofiering the moat liberal induce
menta to tho largest dealers. Orders respectfully solicited and promptly executed.
Descriptive catalogu?e sent free.
September 20 A. R. COLTON.
DILLON'S PATENT 1.MVE?SAL COTTON TIES AND IRON HOOP "
THIS TIE, with the HOOP COMPLETE, weighs no more than tho usual Rope used
in baling cotton, and/renders an allowance for taro unnecessary; tho ONLY TIE
REQUIRING NO SLACK WHILE PUTTING ON, and ia so perfect that tho necessity
for hoavv hoops, to mako up for detlcioncies in tho tie, is entirely obviated. Can bo
sold by tho pound or ton as cheaply as tho heavy hoops and less perfect ties. Each
and'overy tio is warranted perfect. Scionco and practical use wid have the effect of
the Iron Tie ontircly superseding tho nao of ropo-its combination of advantages, its
preservation or the cotton when baled from cuiiaumption by Ure, rendering its security
to Insnrance Companies a matter for consideration, both while in warehouse or on
shipboard, and ita simplicity of use and economy combined.
?a_ For Bale, in largo or small quantities, by J. ft T. R. AGNEW,
Aug 25 Columbia, 8. C.
FISHER & LOWRANCE,
^COLUMBIA. S. C.
FOR SALE LOW, by
Oct 12 FISHER Sc LOWRANCE.
Mackerel and Herring.
AFRESH SUPPLY received to-day, and
for aale, by
Oct 12 FISHER & LOWRANCE.
3TIERCES Canvassed HAMS, for sale
by FISHER Sc LOWRANCE.
Weeden Ware and Brooms.
"i K DOZ. PAINTED PAILS,
X.tJ 10 doz. Cedar PailB,
35 doz. Brooms, in store, and at low
Oct 12 FI8HER Sc LOWRANCE.
Twenty Dozen Canned Oysters,
-I rv DOZ. CANNED TOMATOES,
JLv/ Green Corn,
Mixed Pickles, &c.
Received to-day, and for salo low, by
Oct 12 FISHER & LOWRANCE.
300 SACKS SALT,
200 pounds TWINE,
30 coils ROPE, in store and for sale
low, by FISHER Sc LO Wit ANCE.
BY tho box or at retail, low for cash, by
Sept 29 FI8HER Sc LOWRANCE.
SUGAR HOUSE SYRUP, BACON,
IRON, STEEL, Axles, Springs, Carriago
Materials, Parlor Matches, Etc.
Sept 20 FISHER Sc LOWRANCE.
TH? TRIUMPH OF AKTI
MORE TESTIMONY IN FAVOR OF
Helnitsh^s Queen's Delight.
EXTRACTS FROM LETTERS: "Tho
Queen's Delight is beginning to
awaken the attention of onr physicians.
Its remarkable curative power is seen in
its wonderful effect upon disease. As a
bloda purifier, there is no medicino like it
known to the profession. A gentleman
told me that his son has been taking the
Queen's Delight, and is more benefited by
it than by any other medicine. Ho wants
a dozen bottles."
Extract from a letter: "It is duo to you
to state in this public manner, in order
that tho people may know tho truth, that
I have tried your Queen's Delight, and
found it not only what you said it was-"a
pure medicine"-bnt tho beat medicine I
nave ever taken for eruptiotiH and general
bad health. I had an eruption all over my
body, with impaired digestion and disor?
dered liver, and have tried a great many
medicines without any benefit. I have
taken one bottle of your Queen's Delight,
tho eruption has disappeared, my appetite
is butter, my liver and digestion is im
Eroved. I am satisfied one or two moro
ottles will cure mo."
Extract from a letter: "At tho close of
the war, my constitution was shattered. I
could not eat, sleep or perfornvany duty
whatever, such was my prostrate condi?
tion. Medicine and medical aid I had in
abundance, such was my condition up to a
few months since, when I bopan the use of
ymir Quoeu'e Delight. I have usod two
bottles, ray constitution id greatly im?
proved, my appetite is good, enjoy refresh?
ing Bleep, and am able to perform my share
of daily labor."
Extract from a lotter-Wonderful effect
of only one bottle: "I have used only a
half bottle of 'Queen's Delight* for boils
and eruptions of the t'sin and itching hu?
mors of tho blood, which annoyed me very
much. I am enti-roly cured. I think your
medicine a valuable one."
A romarkablo case of liver complaint and
boadacho cured bv tho uso of "Heinitsh'a
Queen's Delight:"* A lady of unquestioned
worth and reputation voluntarily gives tes?
timony of tlie wonderful effects of this
medicine. Sho has boen from early years
a martyr to headaches, caunod by imper?
fect action of the livor, producing intenso
headache and pain over tho eyes. Sho has
taken only four bottles, and assures us of
tlie perfect cure it has mado. She now en?
joys Hood health.
Still another: "During laBt spring, I had
been troubled with obstinate chills and
fever, which, when cured, loft my system
in a wretched condition, blood impure, and
T was afflicted with an angry, and, as I at
one time thought, an incurable, cutaneous
eruption over my entire body. Tho most
violent remedies suggested failed to work
a cure, until, at tho instance of a friend, I
tried Dr. Heinitsb's Queen'? Delight. Less
than two,bottles cured me, leaving my skin
in a healthy condition. My general health
is as good as over. For such purposes, I
havo, over since my cure, unhesitatingly
recommended your Queen's Delight."
Don't buy anv but tbo right kind. All
genuine Queen's*Dolighthas tho copy-rigbt
mark on the outside, and it is tlie only
medicine which produces thcBo wonderful
cures. For salo wholosalo and retail at
FISHER Si IIEINITSH'S
! April _ 1)rn^*?re._
BARLEY ! BARLEY ! !
"TTTE WANT about 3,000 bushels of good
YV clean Barloy, for browing Lager
Beor. The cash will be paid on delivery,
at market ratea. J. ( .?EEGER? & CO.