Newspaper Page Text
Thun?&y Morning, Hov* SI. 1887,
TIM Fortieth Congress.
As an adjourned session of ibis
body commenoes to-day, a few faota
concerning it and its special settings
for special party purposes, may not
be uninteresting to oar readers.
The first session of this body waa,
by special Act, hejd on the fourth of
March last, for if this had not been
done, there could have been no ses?
sion until the 4th of December next,
the day appointed for the regular
sessions of Congress. The March
session adjourned over until July,
when Congress ro-assembled, it was
. understood, for the express purpose
of impeaching tho President This
movement failed, when, after many
disagreements between the two
houses, they agreed to adjourn until
the 21et of November, when they
were to meet for the avowed purpose
to receive and consider the report of
the Judiciary Committee, on the sub?
ject of impeachment
' This session can only last nine
days, and we presume no legislation
of a general character will take place.
Should the majority of the Judiciary
Committee refuse to present articles
Of impeachment, it is thought the
father ol the proposed onslaught on
the Executive, Mr. Ashley, Mr. Bout
well and others, will attempt to force
it upon the House, independent of
the Committee. The debate on such
a proposition would necessarily con?
sume the whole time of this short
session, and nothing whatever would
be accomplished by this nine days'
sitting, at a large expense to the
country, It is stated in some qa ar?
ters, that if the soheme of actual im?
peachment should fail, a resolution
of censure upon the President will be
proposed, as a substitute for that ex?
treme measure; but even if this
should be passed and go upon the
records of both Houses, it could be
"expunged" from the journals at any
subsequent session of Congress.
The President, as the National In?
telligencer has authoritatively an?
nounced, will not communicate his
annual message to this adjourned ses?
sion. He sent no message in July,
for tho session was not held for any
Constitutional objects, nor under any
law or usage. The present session is
likely to be devoted to oaucussing and
mancauvering, and discussing the
best mode of future action in view of
the results of the late elections iu the
North and West; probably resulting
in the concoctions of some new party
schemes. The standing committees
of the House were not filled at thc
preceding session, and, of course,
until this is dono, no general legisla?
tion can be perfected. Even if the
Speaker were directed to fill the com?
mittees, . tho work would consume
nearly the allotted duration of the
In addition to thc3o obstructions to
impeachment and general legislation,
the National Intelligencer says that it
is well understood that Mr. Wilson,
of Iowa, tho Chairman of the Judi?
ciary Committee, persists in the
sound legal opinion that the United
States Courts have no criminal com?
mon jurisdiction, and tho United
States Sennto, as a court of impeach?
ment, has noue. In addition to this
opinion of tho Chairman of the
Committee, there is the fact that
there is no stated law giving thc
Senate a court jurisdiction over
alleged high crimes and misdemean?
ors. Congress cannot now pass an
ex post /ario law which would apply
to their present purposes against the
President. It is, therefore, very
likely that the majority of tho
Judiciary Committee will be opposed
to presenting articles of impeach?
Snoh are some of the facts connect?
ed with the history of this body.
Under existing oiioouislauoos, with
thc general condemnation they have
received at the hands of their con?
stituents, and with their party dis?
tracted and divided, what their fu?
ture action will be, time alone can
A marvelous sleeping car has just
been launched from tho Chattanooga
Rai In jad shops. It has velvet carpet,
black walnut casings, gold and silver
plated ornaments, heaters, gorgeous
lamps and mirrors, and afine Burdett
ELiorDrurrx OF NEGROES.-The New
Tork Herald quotes the "Federal Con?
stitution to "Vhow that no person ia
eligible to a seat in the lower house
of Congross unless he has been a citi?
zen of ttys United States for seven
years, or to the Senate- unless he has
been a citizen for.ten years. Assum?
ing that, according to the decision in
the Dred Scott case, negroes we're
not citizens, at least until Mr. Lin?
coln's proclamation in 1862, it con?
cludes that they are not now eligible
to seats in Congress. Bnt what mat?
ters it what the Constitution says?
The Constitution is only right when
it agrees with radical ideas, and alto?
gether wrong and not at all to bo
considered when it ? ? sc prcsumptu
ons as to differ from the unwritten
supreme law of radical authority!
MEXICO.-The Two Republics, pub?
lished in the capital of Mexico, takes
a gloomy view of the state of affairs
in that country. It says:
"Everything is as stagnant as the
dead sea. There is no confidence;
credit is gone; commerce is languish?
ing, and seems to be on its last legs;
all other enterprises are timid; tbe
people are vascillating between the
thousand and one surmises, and tho
imaginary chances of misfortune. A
i seeming overshadowing presentment
of coming trouble is everywhere pre?
There is, however, ono hopeful
sign. At the recent dinner to Col.
Qucvodo, the Bolivian Minister to
Mexico, Altimirano addressed Presi?
dent Jnarez with these words:
"We have opposed you, but our
opposition has been constitutional
and legitimate. Now that the contes*
is over, wo are here to oboy. But in
whatever we think you moy err, wo
shall still oppose-but always consti?
tutionally. We shall oppose in the
press and at the tribune, but no
where else, and in no other manner.
Not a soldier shall raise a musket;
not a soldier shall draw a sword
against the constitutional Govern?
ment. We are bound to obey the
authorities; and though wo oppose
conscientiously and constitutionally,
wo obey the Government, we love the
President, and we adore t'^e republic
faithfully aud unohangea. ."
When a Mexican leador, who finds
himself in the minority, uses such
language as this, it looks as if they
might have tranquility for a while, at
MASONIC.-We extract tho follow?
ing paragraphs from the annual ad?
dress of Grand Master Cfft:
"Tho ravages of war, and the dis?
asters to tho crops of tho last year,
brought moro or less suffering to the
doors of many who had just claims
upon the order for assistanco. lu
this emergency, the lodges of the
State havo provided as liberally as
their scant mcaus would allow for the
relief of tho sufferers, while private
charity has accomplished much in
the alleviation of the prevailing dis?
tress. From abroad, wo have had
the most tangible evidences of the
generosity of our brethren, in the
largo donations made through the
Grand Masters or their associate
officers. From New York, we have
received two donations-oue of $500,
another of &150. Illinois and Mis?
souri have likewise remembered us,
and rendered aid. Minnesota, far
up iu tho Nonth-west, with a compa?
ratively young organization, has con?
tributed tho handsome sum of S;>00;
while from tho Montezuma Lodgo ol
New Mexico, the hardy, generous
pioneers of the plains havo sent to
their brethren of South Carolina
$300-thus beautifully exemplifying
the length and breadth of that uoblt
charity which underlies and sustains
"Thc entire amount thus received
byrne from various lodges is $1,780.
Of this sum, 1 placed $1,730 in thc
hands of the Grand Secretary, thc
Deputy Grand Master, and Brothel
William Gilmore Simms, requesting
them to tuko charge of tho distribu?
tion of tho funds, and after making
proper inquiry of tho various lodge;
in the State, us to the extent of thc
suffering in each, to carry out tho in?
structions and intentions of tho ge
nerous donors. A circular was ad
dressed to all of tho lodges, aud thei;
reports will show that tM fund hal
been faithfully and fairly dispensed.
"Brother Joseph I tusky departei
this lifo near Columbia, in Januar]
last, leaving his last will and testa
mont, by which he devises his entiri
estate, rpal and personal, in this Stall
and Florida, to the Grand Lodgo o
South Carolina, in trust for tho us<
and benefit of deceased Master Ma
sons within this jurisdiotion; and hi
designates tho Grand Master as exe
cuter. Inasmuch os that officer ?un;
be changed at each annual corunnun
cation, and cease thereafter to stunt
in such relation to the brethren, ]
determined to renounoe the executor
ship and bring the matter before tin
Grand Lodgo for ita consideration."
Judy asks what is the difference
between a watch-maker and a jailor
and when yon give it up, answers
that one sells watchea and the ethe
' .. i . n i . i M ? .; :
THE LUTHZIUM SYNOD. -Thia eccle?
siastical body has adjourned. We
make the following extracts from the
last doy's proceedings:
Ber. Prot Smeltzer, Chairman of
the committee appointed at the last
session of the Synod to make propo
1 sals to the General Synod in refer?
ence to the location of a Theological
Seminary, reported that "in accord?
ance with instructions, the following
plan had been presented to the Ge?
neral Synod at Staunton, Virginia:"
1. Each Synod shall be represented
in a Board of Directors.
2. The General Synod shall take
under it? supervision, as its own
Theological Seminary, the Seminary
of the Synod of South Carolina,
known formerly as the Lexington
Seminary, but more recently as the
Theological Seminary ci Newberry,
3. The Synod of South Carolina
shall release all claims to tho afore?
said Seminary and bestow it gratuit?
ously on the General Synod.
4. The General Synod shall have
power to chango tho location and
alter the name, provided the individu?
ality of the Theological Seminary of
South Carolina be perpetuated, und
tho Alumni not deprived of their
5. The Synod of South Carolina
will assure, the General Synod that
she will support a Professor in the
institution, and support him from
her own funds.
This plan was presented to the Ge
ueral Synod and accepted by that
body. It now remains for tho Synod
here to sanction tho actiou of the
The following resolutions were then
Resolved, That the Synod of South
Carolina sanctions and confirms tho
above mentioned plan presorted by
the Committee to tho General Synod,
at its lost Conventon, in Stauuton,
Resolved, That in view of locating
tho Theological Seminary within the
bounds of the Synod, and as a bid
for the location of the Seminary, the
Synod of South Carolina offers tho
North wing of Newberry College,
built expressly for a Theological
An election for members of the
Board of Directors of Newberry Col
lego was then held, with tho follow?
Clerical Members-Rev. Dr. Bach
man, Honorary President; Rovs. E.
Caugbman, S. Bouknight, T. S. Boi
nest, J. Hawkins, W. S. Bowman and
A. R. Rude.
Lay Members-Capt. G. S. Hacker,
Captain J. H. Steinmeyer, Jr., Capt.
W. K. Bachmau, Maj. G. Leapheart,
J. N. Hoffman, Major H. Summer,
Col. S. Fair, Capt. J. P. Aull, Majoi
P. E. Wise, W. Laugford, N. A.
Hunter and Dr. H. M. Folk.
The following resolution, proposed
by Rev. T. S. Boiuest, was adopted
Whereas, tho Scholarship system
nuder which Newberry College wat
inaugurated, and up to this time ba>
been carried on, has proved a failure,
and rendered it impossible for thc
Board to meet tho salaries of thc
Professors; therefore, be it
Resolved, That it is the sense ol
this Synod that the Board of Direc?
tors of Newberry College should make
un appeal to thu holders of Scholar
ships, whether paid for in full or ic
part, to relinquish said Scholarship.'
voluntarily to tho Board.
The broad riots in Englaud may bc
but the precursors of similar out
breaks on tho continent of Europe.
Everywhere tho poor are suffering foi
want of employment. Crops arc
short, except in Russia aud thc
United States; and, in England and
France, the rising market for articlet
of food is already seriously felt. Thc
wealth of England comes from thc
masses who live from hand to mouth
iu Franco, tho Government tries tc
regulate by force tho price of a loaf o
bread. England might escape witl
a riot-Franco would fear a r?volu
tion. Men caro not for life whei
hunger pinches them; and if they asl
for bread and are given lead, throne:
tremble, and the boundaries of na
Muon ADO.-Suppose tho cottoi
tax be repealed; suppose cotton
thereupon, decline two and a bal
cents per pound, will not all tho fus
about tho tax be much ado abou
nothing? The best way to repeal tb
cotton tax is to stop plauting th
cotton. It's a very poor business, a
times go, and as they promise to go
Boston is suffering from a lack o
dwelling houses, and a Boston pape
says that so great is the demand, tha
whon a wheel-borrow of bricks passe
along the streets, the progress of th
vehicle is checked until a ourion
crowd has elicited from the proprie
tor thereof, where tho house is to b
built, and its probable rent.
A Providence boy killed his oom
panion the other day, because he rc
fused tc "knnoklo uuwn" in playiu,
LEOA?TY OF THE PSESENT SESSION.
The Washington, correspondent ol
the New York Herald writes, under
date o? tho 17th instant:
"Considerable controversy has
arisen on the subject of the legality
of the additional session of the for?
tieth Congress. On the 4th of March
last, the thirty-ninth Congress ex
Eired by constitutional limitation,
a view of the absence of any neces?
sity of calling together the fortieth
Congress, Which power is vested
alone in the President, Congress,
without any authority, either in law
or usage, upon their sole action,
ordered an immediate opening of a
new session. The Constitution is
clear ou this point. Congress shall
meet at least once in every year,
designating the first Monday in De?
cember as tho time, unless they by
law appoint a different day. By the
law authorizing the assembling of the
irregular session, which came toge?
ther upon the expiration by limita?
tion of tho preceding session, a dif?
ferent day was not appointed. While
recognizing tho continuance of the
customary auuual meeting, a now and
extraordinary session, not recognized
by the Constitution, was inaugurated
with the fortieth Congress and made
a portion of each succeeding session,
designating tho 4th day of March as
the day upon which it should begin.
By acknowlv'ging tho continuance of
the original system, it is asserted by
good constitutional lawyers here that
the session which assembled on the
4th day of March last was in direct
violation of a very explicit clauso of
the Constitution. Congress did not
appoiut a different day, but estab?
lished an extra session. There was,
it was argued, no uationol calamity
nor prospect of immedioto trouble
requiring tho President to call a
meeting. Congress, to accomplish
party ends, met on u law of their
own, determined to undertake the
impeachment of tho President. The
meetings which have been held siuce
the 4th day of March have been, it is
said, at variance with tho terms of
the Constitution, aud the coming to?
gether of Congress on tho 21st inst,
is no less illegal. Since tho publica?
tion of the late opiuiou attributed to
the Attorney-General, members of
the Senate and House have disco?
vered some doubts as to the legiti?
macy of tho extra sessions. The
subject is now being pretty generally
canvassed. A number of members
of both houses now admit the uncon?
stitutionality of their meetings. Al?
though this fact is acknowledged, it
is believed no opposition will be
made to tho approaching meeting.
By u flourish of trumpets, it is ex?
pected Congress will endeavor to
divert tho public attention from a
questiou of such vital importance
and so emphatically subversive of the
political piety the radicals aro con?
tinually preaching. Respect i ; g the
legality of tho organization of the
House, thc question is put whether
Mr. Colfax is really the Speaker of
the House of Representatives, or
chairman of a self-constituted legis?
The negroes in tho vicinity of Sa?
vannah have now .> regular military
organization. On tho Chatham
County side of tho Ogeccheo River,
there arc five companies, commanded
by a negro named Fairy, who is sa?
luted and hailed as "General." The
privates are armed with muskets, and
tho officers havo swords. Ammuni?
tion, drums and flags uro plentiful.
Accoutrements aud uniforms have not
been noticed; but drills take place
every night, and discipline is pre?
served by a system of lines which are
rigidly enforced. This attempt to
establish a power which might be
used for any bad purpose by Bradley
and his compeers, has been watched
from the commencemcut; and tho
military authorities havo been peti?
tioned to order tho dispersion of this
SETTLING A VOTEK.-Ono of tho en?
franchised, who was not used to the
wiles of the world, accosted a gentle?
man in the street yesterday, with the
modest request that ho would buy
his ticket. Some surprise being ex?
pressed at this novel demand, ho was
requested to explain, and thus un?
bosomed himself : "You soo, boss, I
stays on John Island, nn a man gi m
me too tickot an tell me to put one in
de box, an to sell do oder in Charles?
ton. Iso bin all ober de place, and
dey all has dore own tickets, an I'll
soil dis iiow for a ?oat o' bread." It
was not considered advisable to open
the eyes of the wandering voter; but
he was politely informed that his
ticket was not saleable in that quarter.
Cuffeo opened bis eyes, gave a de?
sponding grnnt, and went on his
weary way hunting a bid for his
BISHOP GREOO.-Rt. Rov. Alexan?
der Grogg, Bishop of Texas, has re?
turned from Europe, in improved
health, and is now on a visit to his
relations in Cheraw. The Bishop bas
published in London and New York
the history whioh ho has been long
preparing, ot the "Cheraw Ti ibes
THE LKCTURM THIS EvottHG.-Our I
readers are reminded of the lecture,
ibis evening, at 7 o'clock, in the
Chapel of the University, by Prof.
Joseph Le Con te.
THU PANORAMA.-AU of our citi?
zens who have not visited Calisthenic
Hall, should embrace tho opportunity
at once, as the exhibition closes this
evening. Scenes that were once
familiar, are again brought before
I the eye, and although not unmixed
with pain, it is pleasant to forget, for
a time, tho present desolated appear?
ance of Columbia, and behold it ?s it
once was. There will bo a matinee
this afternoon, at 3 o'clock, aud tho
painting will again be unrolled this
evening, at half-past 7.
THE BALLOT "FOR" AND "AGAINST"
CONVENTION. -RICHLAND- Columbia.
Thero was very little excitement ma?
nifested yesterday, and the colored
folks had it pretty much their own
way-as there wero only eight white
voters. There were about 385 votes
polled. Tho following candidates
will certainly be elected in Richland
District, as thero is no opposition:
Beverly Nosh, Charles Wilder, S.
Thompson, (colored,) and Thomas J.
Camp Ground.-Total vote 147-of
which only two wero white. 144
were for Convention, 2 against, and
1 for political catechism.
NEWRERRY C. H.- First Day.-502
votes-all colored aud all for Con?
GREENVILLE C. H.-First Day.
Total vote 321-white 20, colored
301. 319 for Convention; 2 against.
VALUARLE WORK.-We aro indebt?
ed to the publishers-Harper &.
Brothers, New York-through J. J.
McCarter, Esq., for several numbers
of u valuable illustrated publication,
relative to tho war, entitled "Har?
per's Pictorial History of the Gi-eat
Rebellion.' The work is gotten up
in large twenty-four page uumbors,
hnudsoim ly printed, and contains
mups and illustrations of every eveut
of consequence, besides portraits ol
all tho principal Federal officers.
Very many of tho scenes-for in?
stance, Lookout Mountain, Chancel?
lorsville, Gettysburg, Germania Ford,
etc. -are recognized by ex-Couiede
rates; and if tho printed history is at
correct in its representotions, as thc
illustrations, it will be perused witL
avidity. The following extract fron
the preface to tho work, will give ti
fe ir idea of what the reader is to ex?
"In a war between two nations,
each may be so far in tho right, thal
uo mau can level tho balance betweer
them. Who, for example, will ven
turo to say that in the late struggle
between Prussia and Austria, the out
was wholly right and the other wholly
wr< mg? The historian of such a wai
has a comparatively easy task. H(
has only to asccrtaiu actual facts, anc
narrate them impartially. Ho cai
praise deeds of heroism and Pelf-sacri
lice, or reprobate acts of cowardice o
baseness on either side, without regan
to the cause.
"In a civil war, iuvolving an up
rising against constituted authority
and established law, tho case is dil
feront. One party must be essential
ly wrong, and tho other essentially
right. Either tho Government wo
so unjust and oppressive as to hav<
forfeited its former rightful authority
or those who arrayed themselves ii
arms against it, did so wrongfully
No mau competent to write the his
tory of such a war, can fail to have ;
clear conviction as to which was ii
tho wrong aud which in the right
aud this conviction, if he aspires ti
be moro than a mero annalist, wil
manifest itself in his works. Th
writers of this history frankly avo\
that in their conviction, the Unioi
was absolutely in tho right, the Con
federacy absolutely iu tho wronp
But they believe olso that thei
primary allegiance as historians is t
tho truth. They acknowledge that
man may honestly strivo for a cans
which thoy bolievo to be wrong: tba
r. man may oct basely in support of
causo which they Loliove to bo righi
They hove purposed to malign n
mon because bo strove for what tho
hold to be wrong; to undly praise n
man because he strove for what the
believe to bo right. They have en
deavored, as far as in them lay, t
anticipate the sure verdict of aftc
ages upon the great events which i
hos fallen to thom to relate."
JOD WORK.-Every description c
book and job printing-pamphlet;
bill hoads, circulars, labels, posten
programmes, business, wedding an
invitation cards, raihead receipt;
checks, drafts, ?to., promptly oxeen
ed at the lowest rates.
publish in another columu, notices
of "Demoresi'* Monthly Magazine"
o?d "DemoreeVs Yoting America"
tho one a valuable monthly for grown
folks, and the other for the little
ones. They are worthy of extensive
THE ADDRESS.-We ure not sorry,
Messrs. Editors, that the address of
Gen. Preston was postponed. Thero
are many, no doubt, beyond the pre?
cincts of our city who will be glad of
an opportunity to hear once more our
distinguished fellow-citizen, who, on
many occasions, in former d?y?f en?
tranced ns by his thrilling eloquence.
Tho object in behalf of which the
General is to speak is a purely chari?
table one, and commends itself to
every benevolent heart; but, aside
from this, admiration for the orator
must attract many to .Tanney's Hall
ou Tuesday evening next. S.
An ingenious Frenchman has pa?
tented an illuminating cane for those
who return homo late at night. It is .
to be nsed exclusively by bachelors.
There are some persons in our city
who return home "late at night"
light-hearted-not "exclusively bache?
MATD ARRANGEMENTS.-The post
offico open during the week f. >m
a. m. to 6 p. m. On Sundays, from
1% to 2% p. m.
The Charlestou and.Western mails
aro open for delivery at 2 p. m., and
close at 9 a. m.
Northern-Open for delivery at
10*.< a. m., closes at 1 p. m.
Greenville-Open for delivery at 3
p. m., closes at 8 p. m.
FIVE CENTS.-The price of single
copies of the Phoenix is five cents, and
purchasers are requested to pay no
more for them. We aro informed
that some of tho news-boys charge
ten. This is an imposition.
There are supposed to be sixteen
scruples to a drachm, but how many
do yon have before taking oue?
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. -Attention ia call?
ed io thc following advortieumontsj pub?
lished ihm morning for Wu- urtu timo:
Last Exhibition of Panorama.
G. P. Jackson-Great Fall in Dry Gooda.
W. J. ii eau ire nt-Juvenile Magazine, Ac.
J. K. Campbell-Just Received.
E. A G. D. Hope-Fresh Supplies.
Low PRICKS OF DRY Goons.-O. F. JACK?
SON ia adding to his block of goods every
week, and hiB customers get the advan?
tage of tho decline in prices. Tho goods
received this week arc lower than ever.
EDWARD A. POLLARD.-The attend?
ing physician of Edward A. Pollard,
who was shot last Thursday, in Balti?
more, by Johu S. Wise, considers
that his arm will not require amputa?
tion, but the bone is so much injured
that the arm will probably always be
Tho largest price ever paid for any
book was given for a copy of Bocca
cio's "Decameron" by tho Marquis of
Blaudford. Ho poid for it ?2,260, at
a book sale in 1812. When the Mar?
quis' library was sold in 1859, the
samo book was sold for $918.15.
"Do you seo that fellow lounging
thore doing nothing?" said Owens to
Jenkins. "How does he live? by
his wits?" "O, no, he's u cannibal.
"A cannibal?" "Yes, a cannibal!
He lives on othor people."
Au old man, in Southern Ohio,
was entombed whilo in a trauce,
kicked opeu bis coffin, and returned
to tho upper world, only to be shot
as a ghost.
A wretch who, at a social party,
said that a young lady playing a
piano forto was like au ape, becauso
her fingers were among-koys, has
Sixty-five years ago, a lady planted
her riding whip, a slip of grape-vine,
at Montecito, California. Now it
covers a space 4,050 feet.
Thero is an old Scotchman, ou the
island of Arrau, who has slept with
Robert Burns, and bas lived 100
yours to tell of it.
A monster cheese, weighing seven
thousand pounds, broke dowu a truck
in Now York, ou Friday. That was a
heavy fall in cheese.
But one of the co-operative stores
projected in New YnrV this year ro?
Catastrophards is a now and horri?
ble word, supposed to mean alarm?
Tho excess of births ovor deaths in
England is now moro than a thousand
Two actresses in Paris have begun
suits against an editor, who pub?
lished a statement of their ages.
From lively to severe-coming
home from a dinner late to ono's
Representation of minorities-pho?
tographs of children.
Whet herbs arc tho mos? desirable
in the weather? Ans.--Sub urbe.
HOD FELLOWS.-Bricklayers' la?