Newspaper Page Text
? Cable t**?i*>nim.
LONDON, December 6\-The 'TYme*,
m meriting in severe tor ms on Prc
jKieut Johnson's, massage- saye ii. is
li turd to see where the hope of the
American people Hes-between John?
son on one side, and Stevens' on the
other. The President's remarks,
coupled with Stanley's recent de-,
apatoh on the Alabama claims, creates
considerable distrust in financial cir?
Ronlier said, -without France, Italy
could not have saved Rome from re*
Derby said,- in the House of Lord",
that Stanley refused, to join the Ro?
man Conference, until the basis was
CHABIIKHTON, December 6.-Sailed
-Steamer Alliance .and brig C. V.
Williams, Philadelphia; brig Geor?
gia, li alt i m or e.
WASHINGTON, December 6.-In the
Senate, resolutions of the Louisiana
Convention, asking the repeal of the
cotton tax, wero presented. Several
financial bills were presented and re?
ferred., A concurrent resolution that
the President's Message, in its allu?
sion to reconstruction, was derogato?
ry to the dignity of Congress, waa
set for 1 o'clock on Monday. The
Senate held a short exeoutive session
and adjourned to Monday.
In tho House, ineffectual efforts
were . made to legislate on currency
and taxes. Boutwell resumed his ar?
gument on impeachment. Wilson
followed, and moved the tabling the
whole matter. The demand for the
previous question was seconded, but
the vote was staved off by a vote of
?2 to 108. Adjourned till to-mor?
Internal revenue receipts from
spitits during the fiscal year, ending
in J?ne last, 828,250,000.
Customs receipts from 25th to 30th
ult., inclusive, $1,098,000. Internal
revenue receipts to-day $024,000.
The vote yesterday in the Senate,
striking "white" from the District
laws and ordinances, was strictly a
party indication that, the late elec?
tions have had no effect on Senatorial
The proceedings in the Houso to?
day indicate 55 for impeachment and
110 against. On tho Republican side
of the House there is 60 majority
opposed to impeachment. '
NEW ORLEANS, December 5.-lu
the Constitutional Convention, the
following-- - resolution waa offered,
taken verbatim from the official re?
port: ; hi
Resolved, That the loyal people , of
the State of Louisiana, from a long
experience under the white man's
bondage in this State, present onr
thanks to the Thirty-ninth and For?
tieth Congress; further, that we en?
dorse every deliberation for the op?
pressed races of the Stat?, and are
also thankful to the radical friends
throughout the United States, and
elsewhere on the . face of the globe;
we furthermore pray that the Con?
vention assembled to deliberate
thoroughly upon the. poor oppressed
people under the same basis of Con?
gress of 1867,-that all men aro creat?
ed freo and equal, heretofore citizens.
Referred to the Committee on Bill bf
A resolution to levy a tax of fifty
cents a gallon on all spirituous, al
-ifrjj'olio or distilled liquors, sold in
JBfa State during the year 1868, for
*Zho purpose of defraying the expenses
of the. Convention, was referred to
the Committee on Finance.
A preamble and resolutions, com?
plimentary to the Republican party,
and inviting Hon. Thomas. W. Ces?
way to deliver an address to-day,
were laid over, under tho rules.
A resolution was referred to the
Committee on the Draft of the Con?
stitution, providing that no legisla?
tive body hereafter in General As?
sembly, shall have power to annul
any article of this Constitution, nor
shall they have the right to call an?
other Convention in the State, before
tho period of 70 years, date from the
day of adoption of said Constitution.
MACON, GA., December 6.-The
Conservative Convention finished
matters, and adjourned at ll this
morning, after adopting a spirited
platform. The preamble acknow?
ledges the obligation to adhere to the
Union, support the General Govern?
ment in all legal and proper mea?
sures, and claim from the Govern
ment tho due performance of its re
W ciprocal duty to extend to us, in
* common with the people of the whole
country, the protection guaranteed
by the Constitution. This, without
factious opposition to the Govern
' ment or untimely interruption of the
publio harmony. Silence, under
wrong, may be construed os endorse?
A series of resolutions were also
adopted, protesting against the as?
sembling of the Convention in that
State for the purposo of framing a
Constitution, as the members to it
were elected by votes illegally given
and authorized to be favorable, and
fraudulently procured and received
by military authority. The conser?
vatives are requested to organize all
over the State, and report to an Exe?
outive Committee appointed for the
purpose. A committee of : distin?
guished gentlemen was appointed to
prepare an address io ibo people of
.tho United States, Bering forth tho
deplorable condition of the people of
tho Sooth, and th? rain to be. entailed
upon them by the carrying out of the
8o-e#Med ?te?oi!?structioa Acts.
MONTOQMEBY, December 5.-Mr.
Greeley recently wrote to Senator
Wilson, to exert- his influence by re?
straining the Alabama Convention
from adopting extreme measures.
Senator Wilson writes to General
Swayne, that the legislation of tho
Convention is transcending its au?
thority, and is doing great injury to
reconstruction, and .bringing odium
on ibo Republican party,
j |Tbe Convention, to-day, adopted
An ordiuanoe, providing for the sub?
mission of the Constitution to the
registered voters, on. the 4th pf Feb?
ruary, 1868. It-is said the election
is to bo held at places to be prescrib?
ed by the Commanding General ol
tho Military District. The members
of the* General Assembly, the mem?
bers of Congress, and all the Stat?
and County officers to be elected ni
the same time the Constitution ir
submitted: The said elections to be
carried out under the same regula?
tions, and by tho same persons, af
tho election on the Constitution.
The election/ returns to be made tc
tho President of the Convention, whe
shall give certificates to the person:
elected. State and County officers tc
assume office as soon as the State ii
admitted info the Union; to hold foi
the legal terms, commencing fron
the date of the first general electiot
after admission of the State. Tb?
General Assembly elected under thii
ordinance, to ossemblo in Montgo
mory, March 18, 18C8. The Tote oi
the passage of the ordinance and tin
elections, are under the complet
control of the military. The Con
vention will request the Commande
of this Military District, to enforc
its provisions. The article on fran
chise, has been amended BO that al
persons are disfranchised who are dit
qualified from holding office, by th
proposed amendment to the Consti
\ tution, known os the 14th article; an
those who have been disqualified froi
registering to vote for delegates to th
Convention, under the Reconstru?
tion Acts of Congress, except sue
persons as aided in the reconstru?
tion proposed by Congress, and at
cept thc political equality of all me
before the law; provided, that th
General Assembly have power to rt
move the disabilities incurred and?
RICHMOND, December C. -Thc Coi
vention tordoy. appointed .a com mi
tee to report the- best practical pis
for framing a constitution. Tl
-Committee on Education was ordere
to inquire as to the expediency of e
tablishiug a system of schools whit
will secure education to all classes i
Gen. Schofield and staff were ii
vited to the privileges of the floor.
A resolution favoring the repeal i
tho cotton .tax, as to this year's ero;
waa laid on the table. Adjourned t
FINAHCIAX. AND COMMERCIAL,
NBW YOBK, December 6-Noon..
Flour 10@20o. better. Wheat 1(^2
batter. Corn l@2c better. Po
dull, at 21.65. Lard dull, at 12lU
18. Cotton firmer, at 16??@1
7 P. M.-Cotton advanced; aol
4,300 baleo, at 17(3}17>?. Flour s
ti ve, at email@example.com; Southern 9.7&
14. Corn-mixed 1.83; Southe
white 1.82. Mess pork 21.45. La
aotive, at 12i.?@13)?.
BAI/ETMOBE, December 6.-Cott
very firm, at 16@16>?. Flour aoti
-Howard street superfine 9.40@9.?
Corn active-dry new white 1.10
1.18; yellow 1.15. Oats firmer-62
71. Bacon shoulders 12; bulk 9??.
CINCINNATI, December 6.-Flo
held 25o. higher. Corn-ear 88@i
Mess pork-old 21; new 22.50.
CHARLESTON, December 6.-Cott
in good der ~d and advanced ^
%-middli..^ 16; receipts of t
week 7,030 bales; stock on ha
AUGUSTA, December 6.-Cott
market very active; sales 1,280; i
ceipts 840 bales-middling 14%@1
SAVANNAH, December 6.-Cott
active and advancing; sales 1,0
bales-middling receipts 2,4i
NEW ORLEANS, December 6.-Gi
ton active and advanced-middli
Orleans 15?.i@16; sales 4,500 bal
receipts 6,646; ?ales of the we
28,900; receipts of the week 23,61
stock 90,063. Sugar active-go
common \\x/i\ prime 13@13>?. Ai
lasses dull aud declined 5c.-comm
40; prime 70@75. Floor firm
super. 9; double extra 9.75; oho:
13.75. Corn firm, at i.07)?(ai.:
Pork better, at ^3.75@24.. Boc
shoulders retailing at \\(ay\\y, ; ch
16|?. Gold 37 ??.
Mom M?, December 6.-Sales
cotton to-day 1,800 bales; good <
mand, and prices advanoed ](.-m
diing 15@15J?; receipts 3,970; sa
of tho week 14,000; exports 4,7(
receipts 13,7:11 ; stock on hand 45,01
LONDON, December 6--Noon.
Consols 93 3 1-6. Bonds 71 3 1-6.
PAMS, December 6.-The bulli
in tho Bank of Franco hos inoreoe
to 18,500,000 francs.
LIVERPOOL, December 6-Noon,
Cotton opcnB firm-uplands 7%; (
leans 7%; sales of tho week 73,C
hales; whereof exporters took 4,0(
and speculators 8,000; stock 432,01
whereof 78,000 are American.
^Th'?^tlW^ o?x currency
correspond wita the constitutional stand?
ard may be seen by reference to a few facts
derived from our commercial a tatitos.
, The production of precious metala in the
United States from 1849 to 1857, inclusive,
amounted to $579,000.000: from 1858 to
I860, inclusivo, to $187,800,080; and from
1861 to 1867, inclusive, to $487,600,000
making the grand aggregate of products
since 1849, $1,174,000,000. The amount of
specio coined from 1809 to 1837, inclusive,
was $489,000,000; from 1858 to 1860, inclu?
sive, $125,000,000; and. from 1661 to 1867.
inclusivo, $810,000,000-making th? total
coinage since 1849, $874,000,000, From
1849 to 1867, inclusive,'tho -net- exports of
specie amounted to $271,000,000; from 1858
to 1860, inclusive, to $148,000,000; and from j
1861 to 1807, inclusive, $822,000,000-mak?
ing the aggregate of net exports' sioco
1849, $741,000,000. These ligares ?how an
excess of product over net oxportn of
$433,000,000. There ar? in the Troasury
$111,000,000 in coin, something more than
$40,000,000 in circulation on the Pacific
coaot, and a few millions ia the national
and other banks-in al), abont $160.000,000.
This, however, taking into account the
speoio in the country prior to 1849, leaves
moro than $300,000,000 Which h?ta *t
been accounted for. by exportation, Sud
tberefnro may yet remain in the conni- v.
These, are important facts, and show
how completely the inferior currency will
supersede the hotter, forcing it from cir?
culation among the maaaeB, and causing it
to bo exported SB a mere,article of. trade,
to add lo the money capital of foreign
lands. They Dhow the necessity of retir?
ing one paper money, that the re turu ol
gold and silver to tho avenues of trade
may bo invited; and ? demand created
which will cause thc /retention at homo ol
at least so much of tko productions of om
rich and inexhaustible gold-bearing ficldt
as may be sufficient for purposes ?i circu?
lation. It is unreasonable to expeot to ro?
turo to a sound currency so long as thc
Government, by continuing to issue irre?
deemable notes, fills the channels of cirou
lation with depreciated paper. Not wi th
standing a coinage by our mints, sine?
1849, of 874,000,000, tho people aro nov
strangers to tho currency which was de
signed for their use and benefit, and aped
mens of the precious metala bearing tin
national device are seldom seen, excep
when produced to gratify tho interest ex
cited loy their novelty. If depreciate
paper is to be continued as the pormanen
currency of the country, and all our coin i
to become a more article of trafilo 'an
speculation, to the enhancement in prie
of all that is indispensable to tho comfoi
of the people, it would be wise economy t
abolish our minta, thus saving tho natio
the care and expense incident to sue
establishments, and let all our prociou
metals bo exported in bullion. Tho tim
baa oomo, however, when tho Goverumti
ancLnational banka should be required t
take the most efficient steps, and make a
necessary arrangements xor a resumptio
of specie payments at the earliest pra<
ticable period. Specie payments baviu
been onoe resumed by tho G o vor nine i
and banks, all notes or bills of paper issn?
by either of a loss denomination than $2
should by law be excluded from circu?
tion, BC that tho people may havarti
.benefit and convenience of a gold and si
ver currency, which, in all their busino
transactions, will be uniform in value
home and abroad, j
"Every, man of'property or induetr
every man who desires to preserve wu.
ho honestly possesses, or to obtain wh
be can honestly earn, has a direct in tc re
in maintaining a safo circulating mediu
-such* a medium as shall be real ai
substantial, not liable to vibrato wi
opinions; not subject to bo blown up
blown down by the breath of speculatic
but to be made stable and secure. ' A. d
ordered currency is one of the greatc
political evils. It undermines the virtu
necessary for the support of the soc
system, and encourages propensities t
atractivo of its happiness; it wars agair
industry, frugality and economy, and
fosters the evil spirits of extravagance a
speculation." It has been asserted by o
of our profound and most gifted stat
men, that "of all the connivances :
cheating the laboring classes of mankii
none bas been more effectual than tl
wbioh deludes them with paper mom
This is the most effectual of inventions
fertilize the rich man's fields by the awi
of the poor man's brow. Ordinary tyri
ny, oppressive, excessive taxation-thi
bear lightly on the happiness of the mi
of the community compared with a frai
ulent currency, and the robberies oe
mitted by depreciated paper. Our o
history has recorded for our instruct
enough, and more than enough, of i
demoralizing tendency, the injustices, t
the intolerable oppression on the virtui
and well-disposed of a degraded pa
currency, authorized by law, or in any \
countenanced by Government." It is <
of the most successful devices, in tiraei
peace or war, expansions or revulsic
to accomplish the transfer of all the i
cious metals from the great mass of 1
people into tho hands of the few, wh
they aro hoarded in secret place?, or der
it cd in strong boxes, under bolts and bi
while the people are left to enduro all
inconveniences, sacrifice, and domoral
tion resulting from the use of a depr
ated and worthless paper money.
The condition of our finances and
operations of our revenue system are
forth and fully explained in the ablo i
instructive report of tho Secretary of
Treasury. On tho 30th of June, 1866,
public debt amounted to $2,783,425,879;
the 30th of June last, it was $2,692,199
-showing a reduction during tho Iii
year of $91,226,664. During tho fiscal j
onding June 30. 18G7, tho receipts v
$490.634,010, and tho oxpondituros $S
729,129-leaving an available surplui
$143,904,880. It is estimated that tho
ceipts for tho fiscal year onding Juue
1868, will bo $417,161.928. and that
expenditures will reach the sum of $?
269,226-leaving in tho Troasury a euri
of $23,892,702. For the fiscal year one
Juue 30, 1869, it is estimated that
receipts will amount to $381,000,000,
that the expenditures will bo $372,00(1
-showing an excess of $9,000,000 in fi
of tho Oovornment.
Tho attention of Congress is earnt
invited to the necessity of a thorough
vision of our revenue system. Oui
ternal revenue laws and impost sy?
should bc so adjusted as to bear i
heavily on articles of luxury, leaving
necessaries of life as free from taxatio
may bo consistent with the real wan!
the Cl o ver nm.nt, economically adm
tered. Taxation would not then fall
duly on tho man of moderate means;
while none would be entirely exempt 1
assessment, all. in proportion to t
pecuniary abilities, would contribute
wards the support of the State. A mc
oation of the interne re renne system,
large reduction in the number of art
now subject to tax, would be followe
results equally advantageous to tho oil
and the Oovornment. It would rende:
execution of the law loss expensive
more certain, removo obstructions t<
dustry, lessen the temptations to e
the law, diminish tho violations and fr
ywp?U>io*iMl ita-prorlrtora, enalte Itt'
oporatlone.leas jncyjdj?itQrial, and greatly
reduce in ottmbers t%M army of taa-gr*ber
?ra created by the system, who . ' take
from the mouth of honest labor the bread
lt has earned." Retrenchment, roforra;a4l<f
economy enould be carried into ovory
branch of tba public service, that the
osponditures of the Government may be
reduced, and the people relieved from op?
pressive taxation; aeonnd currency should
be restored, and the public faith in regard
to the national debt sacredly obaorved.
Tho accomplishment of these important
results, together with the restoration of
the Union of the States upon the princi?
ples of tho Constitution, would Inspire
confidence at home and abroad in the sta?
bility of our institution?, ?nd bring to the
nation prosperity, peace and good will.
The report of the Secretary of War ad
Interim exhibits the operations of the army
aud of tho several bureaus of ihe War De?
partment. The aggregate strength of our
military force, on tho 80th of September
laat, waa 56,315. The total eatimate for
military appropriations ia $77,124,7u7, in*
eluding a deficiency in LaBt year's appro?
priation of 113,000,000. The payments at
tho Treasury, on account of tho aorvico of
tho War Douarlment. from JU^ary 1, to
October 29, 1867-a period of ten months
amounted to $109,807,000. The expenses
of tho military establishment, aa well as
tho numbera of tho army, ?re now three
times as great as they have ever been in
time of peace, while tho discretionary
power is vested in the Executive to ada
millions to this expenditure by an increase
of the army to the maximum strength al?
lowed by tho law.
The menacing attitude of sorao of the
warlike, banda ol Indians inhabiting the
dint riet nf country between the Arkansas
and Platte rivers, atid portions of Dakota
Territory, required the presence of a large
military force in that region. Instigated bj
real or imaginary grievances, the Indian)
occasionally committed acts of barbaroui
violence upon emigrants and our frontioi
settlements, but a general Indian war hai
boon providentially averted. Tho commis
sionors, under the act of 20th July, 1867
wore invested with full power to adjus
existing difficulties, negotiate treatioa witl
tho disaffected bands, and select for thou
reservations romote from the travolei
routes between the Mississippi and th'
Pacific. They entored without delay npoi
tho execution of their trust, but have no
yoi made any official report of their pro
ceodings. lt is of vital importance tba
our distant territorios should be exemp
from Indian outbroaks, and that the coe
atruction of the Pacific railroad, an obj ec
of national importance, should not be ic
tcrruptcd by hostile tribes. These object)
as well as tue material interests, and tb
moral and intellectual improvement of th
Indians"can be most effectually secure
by concentrating them upon portions <
country aet apart for their exclusivo UBI
and located at points remote, from or
highways and encroaching white ant th
Since the commencement of the secon
session of the Thirty-ninth Congress, 5
miles of road have been j oust met ed on tl
main line and branches of the Pacific rai
way. The line from Omaha ia rapidly a
Broaching the Eastern* base of the Rod
fountains, whilst the terminus of tho la
seotion of constructed road in Californi
accepted by the Govern mont on the 241
day of October laat, waa but eleven mit
distant from the summit of th Sierra N
vada. The remarkable en erg: jvinccd 1
the companies offers the atr .ngest assn
ance that tho completion of the road fro
Sacramento to Omaha will not be long ?
During tho laat . fiscal ?roar 7,410,1
acres of publie land ware dieposod of,- ai
the cash recolpts from salea and feea e
ceoded by $500,000 the aum realized frc
those sources during the preceding yet
The amount paid to pensioners, inciudi:
expenses of disbursements, waa $18,61
950, and 36,482 namea were added to t
rolls. The entire number of petitioners
tho 30th of Juno last, wan 155,474-11,(
fi atonta and designs were issued duri
he year onding September 80, 1867, and
that date the balance in the Treasury
the oredit of the patent fund waa $286,6)
The report of the Secretary of the Na
states that we have seven squadrons i
tively and Judiciously .employed, mu
efficient and able commanders, in prote
ing the persons' and property of Americ
citizens, maintaining the dignity a
E- o wer of the Government^ and promoti
:ie commerce and business interests
our countrymen in every part of the woi
Of tbe 238 vessels composing the pres?
navy of the United States, 56, carrying
guns, are in squadron., service. Duri
the year, the number of veaaols in oe
mission has been reduced 12, and tb
aro 13 leas on squadron duty than th
were, at the date of the last report,
largo number of v?asela wero commom
and in the courae of construction wi
the war terminated, and, although C
gress had made the necessary appropi
tiona for their completion, the departm
has either suspended work upon them
limited the slow completion of the ste
vessels so as to meat the contracts
machinery made with private establi
ments. The total expenditures of
Navy Departmont for the fiscal year, e
ing June 30,1867, were $31,031.011.
appropriations have been made or requi
since tho close of tho war for tho const)
tion and repair of vessels, for steam i
dtinary, ordnance, provisions, and ck
.Lg, fuel, hemp, Ac, tho balances un
these several heads having beon m
than sufficient for current expeedituros
should also be stated, to the credit of
department, that besides asking no api
priations for tho abovo objects for tho
two years, tho Socrotary of tho Navy
tho 30th of September lar>t, in accorda
with tho Act of May 1, 1820, rei, m s ted
Secretary of tho Troasurv to carry to
surplus fund tho sum of $65,000,000, bc
tho amount rocoived from tho salos of '
sols and othor property, and tho rotuna
of former appropriations.
Tho report of tho Postmaster-Gen
shows tho business of tho Poa tOffico
partmont and the condition of the pc
service in a very favorable light, and
attention of Congress is called tb ita p
tical recommendations. The receipt
tho department for tho year ending J
30, 1867, including all apocial appro [
tiona for sea and land ?ervice, and for
mail matter, were $10,078,693. Tho ex
ditures for all purposes wore $19,235
leaving an unexpended balance in fav<
thc department of $743,210, which cai
applied towarda the oxpenses of tlx
partmont for the current year. The
creaso of postal revenue, independor
specific appropriations, for tho yoar ',
over that of 1866, was $850,040. Tin
crease of rovenuo from the salo of sta
and stamped envelopes waa $783,404.
increase of expenditures for 1867
those of the previous year was o
chiefly to the extension of tho land
ocean mall service. During the past
new postal conventions havo been ral
and exchanged with the United King
of Great Rritain and Ireland, Belgium
Netherlands, Switzerland, thc North
man Union, Italy and the Colonial Go*
ment at Hong Kong, reducing very h
ly tbs rates or ocean and land postag
and from and within tboBO countries.
Th? report of the acting commissioner
of agriculture, concisely preeeuta tb? eon
dition, wants and progress 6f an Interest
ominonlly worthy the rostering care of
Congress, ?nd exhibits a large measure of
useful results achieved daring the year to
which it refers.
The reestablishment of peace at home,
and the resumption of extended trade,
travel and commerce abroad, Jb aweary ed.
to increase the number anet Variety 3
questions in the department foT foreign
affairs. None of these questioner, however,
have seriously disturbed our relatious
with other States.
The Republic of Mexico, having been re?
lieved from foreign intervention, is ear?
nestly engaged in efforts to ro-esUbhsh
her constitutional system of government.
A good understanding continues td exist
between our Government and the Repub?
lics of Hay ti' and Ban Domingo, And our
cordial relations with the Central, and
South Amerioan States remain unchanged.
The tender, made in conformity with a re?
solution of Congress, of tho good offices of
Government, with 'a view to au amicable
, adjustment of pcaco botween Brazil and
her allies, on One side, and Paraguay on
the other, and between Chili and her allies.
O? ih? otu?i aide, and Spain on the other,
though kindly received, has in neither case
boon fully accepted by the belligerents.
Tbo war in the Valley of the Parana is stil'
vigorously maintained. On the other hand
actual hos tili ties ho tween tho Pacific Statei
and Spain have been more than a yeai
suspended. I shall, on any proper occa
sion that may occur, renew the concilia
tory recommendations which have boen al
ready made. Brazil, with enlightened sa
pacify and comprehensivo'statesmanship
I nae opened tho great' channels of th
Amazon and its tributaries to universa
commerce. Ono thing moro seems need
j fal to assure a rapid and cheering progres
in Sont ii America. I refer to those peace
ful habits without which State? ?na sa
tiona cannot, in this age, well expect ma
terial prosperity or social advancement.
The Exposition of Universal Industry a
Paris bas passed, aud seems to have full
realized tho high expectations of . tb
French Government. If duo allowance b
made for the rocent political derangemon
of industry here, the part -which th
United States has horno iu this exhibitio
of invention and art may be regarded wit
very high satisfaction. During the Exp<
aitio'n, a conference was hold or delegate
from several nations, tho United Stat*
being one, in which tho' inconveniences <
commerce and socialfintorconrse, rosultin
from the diverse standards of money vak
were very fully discussed, and plans wei
developed for establishing, by univers
consent, a eommon principio for the coil
ago of gold. These conferences are e:
pectod to be renewed, with the Attendant
of many foreign Btates not hitherto repr
sooted. A report' of these intereetk
proceedings will be submitted to Congres
whicti will no doubt justly appreciate tl
great object, and be ready to adopt ai
measure which may tend to facilitate i
On the 25th of February, 1862, Congre
declared by law that Treasury notes wit
Out interest, authorized by that At
should be legal tender in payment of i
debts, public and private, within t
United States. An annual remittance
190,000, less stipulated expenses, accru
to claimants under the convention ma
with Spain in 1834. These remittance
since the passage of that Act, have be
-said in such notes. The claimants ins
that the Government ought lo" reqn
Saymont in coin. The subject may
cerned worthy of your attention.
No arrangeaient has yet been reach
for the settlement of our claims for Bril
depredations' upon the commerce ?f I
United States. I have felt ii iwy duty
decline the proposition of arbitration ra?
by her Majesty's Government, because
has hitherto been accompanied by reser
tinos . and limitations incompatible w
tko rights, interest and honor of our coi
try. It is not to be apprehended, tl
Great Britain will persist in her refusal
satisfy these just and reaso mvble dali
which in volvo tho sacred principle of n
intervention-a principio henceforth i
more impor tant to the United States tl
to all other commercial nations.
The'West India Islands were settled i
colonized by European States simulta
o nely with the settlement and colonis?t
of the American continent. Host of
colonies planted hore became indep?nd
nations in the close of the last and the
. ginning of the present century. Onr <
country embraces communities which
one period, were colonies of Groat Brit
France. Spain, Holland, Sweden and ?
sia. The people in tho "West Indies, v
the exception of those of the Islam
Hay ti. have neither attained nor asp:
to independence, nor have they bea
prepared for self-defence. Although ]
sessing considerable commercial va
they have boon held by the several E<
pean States which colonized or at si
time conquered them, chiefly Tor purp
of military and naval strategy in carr]
out European policy and designs id ref
to this continent. In our rovolutioi
war, ports and harbors in the Weat Ii
Islands woro used by oar enemy, ta
erent injury aud embarrassment of
niied States, Wo had the same e
rience in our socond war with G
Britain. The samo European policy 1
long timo exoludod us even from t
with tho West Indies, whilo we wet
peace with all nations. In our recent
war tho rebels, and their piraticial
blockado-breakmg allies, found facil
in tho same ports for the work, which t
too successfully accomplished, of inj a
and devastating the cofhmerco whicl
aro now engaged in rebuilding. We la
ed especially under this disadvantage
European steam vessols, employed bj
enemies, found friendly shelter, protei
and supplies in Wost Indian ports, i
our own naval operations were necees
carried on from our own distant sh
There was then a universal feeling of
want of an advanced naval outpost
tween the Atlantic coast and Europe,
duty of obtaining such an outpost p<
fully and lawfully, while neither doiuj
menacing injury to other States, ear
ly engaged tho attention of the Exec
Department boforo the close of the
and it has not been lost sight of since
time. A not entirely dissimilar i
want revealed itself during the i
period on the Pacific coast. The req
foothold there was fortunately sooun
our iato treaty with th? Emperor of
sia, and it now scorns imperative tba
moro obvious necessities of the AU
coast should not be less carefully pro
j for. A good and convenient port
harbor, capable of eaBy defence, will
ply that want. With possession of sj
station by tho United States, neitn
nor any other American nation need li
apprehend injury or offence from
trana-Atlantic enemy. I agree witl
oarly statesmen that tho West 1
naturally gravitate to. and may b
peoted ultimately to bo absorbed fa
1 continental States, including our OH
agree with them also, that it is wi
leave the question of such absorptf
this process of natural political gravit
The islands of St. Thoma? and St. Je
whioh constitute a part of the groin
ed tho Virgin Islands, seemed to ot
?4va.ntagoaimmocUt.tely desirable, whll?
their acquisition could be Recured m har?
mony With tb? principles to which I have
alluded. A treaty has, therefore, been
concluded with the King of Denmark for
the .cession of tboee iolande, and will bo
submitted to the Senate for consideration.
It will hardly be necessary" to call tho
attention of Congress to the subject of
providing for tb? payment to Russiaof the
stipulated in the treaty for the ces
LBka. Possession having been
oli.vered to oar commissioner,
the territory remains for the present in
care of. a- military force, awaiting such
i civil organization as shall be directed by
The annexation of many small Gorman ,
SUUs lo Prussia, and the re-organization '
of that country under a pew sud liberal
constitution, have indaoed- me to renew
the effort to obtain a j list and prompt set?
tlement of the long-vexed question con?
cerning tho olaims of foreign States for
military H or vice from their, subjects natu -
> ralized in the United States.
In connection with this'subject, tho at
, tontion of Congress is respectfully called
to a singular ard ombarresshigconfliot of
laws. Tb? EseesHye Deparip.fsi of thU
Government has hitherto uniformly held,'
as it n?w holds, that naturalization, in
conformity with tue Constitution and lawa
of the United States, abeolvea the recipient
from bis nativo allegiance. Th? courts Of .
Great Britain hold that allegiance to the
British Crown ie indefeasible, and li not
absolved by our laws of naturalisation.
British judges cite courts and law author?
ities of tho United States in support of
that theory against tho position hold by
the Executive authority of the "United
States. This conflict perplexea tho pub?
lic mind concerning tho rights of natural?
ized citizens, and impairs tho national
authority abroad. I called attention to
thia subject in my last annual message,
and now again respectfully appeal to Con?
gress to declare tho national will unmis?
takably upon this important question.
'.' The abuse of our laws by the clandestine
Sroseoution of the African slave trade from
merican ports or by American citizens
has altogether ceased, and, nuder existing
circumstances, no apprehensions of ita
renewal in this part of the world are enter?
tained. Under these circumstances it be?
comes a question whether we shall not
proposo .to Her Majesty's Government a
suspension or discontinuance of the stipu?
lations for maintaining a naval forco for
the suppression of that trade.
WASHINGTON, December 3.1867.
United States Marshal's Sale.
D. 0. PEIXOTTO A SON, AUCTIONEEUB. '
BY VIRTUE of a writ of venditioni eit
panam, to ole directed, by the honor?
able the Judge of the United States Court,
I wiRaelL ou TUESDAY, the jpth of De-,
comber, at 10 o'clock, at.tho store formerly
occupied by JOSEPH MENDEL, on Rich-.
arduen street, in thia city, tho entire stock
of merchandize in said store, consisting of
DRY GOODS, Hats, Boots, Shoes, Fanoy
Articles, Trunks, Vallaea, Piece Goods,
Ribbons, ic. Terms raab. Sale positive.
J. P. M. EPPING,
United States Marshal.
Per C. M. WiLnxa, Deputy. Dec 4 6
BY ORDER of the Executors, I will uoll,
at the residence ot tho late Dr. H. B.
Earle, in the town of Greenville, on WED?
NESDAY, 11th December, the following
lot of SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS, very
superior and in good order: ".
1 aet DENTAL INSTRUMENTS and
1 a6t Amputating Instruments, in case,
1 aet Obstetrical " "
1 Pocket Case, complete,
1 Treppihing caso, .
1 M?dical Chest,
1 lot Assorted Instruments.
The instruments can be seen by calling
I upon Capt. W. B. Earle or myself. Tere ?
made known on day of sale. . :
JULIUS C. SMITH,
Nov 26 d3 7_. .? Ancttrineer.
UNDER DECREE IN EQUITY.
Bai?ht vi. SltUghl.
D. C. PEIXOTTO A BON, AuoTroWxxaa.
XY7TLL be sold, under the direction of
VV the Cpmmlsal?ner in Sanity, fair
Richland Dierrict, on the 1st MONDAY in
Jannaay, 1868, at Columbia, at -the usual
hour and place of making public sales in
said city, all that lot of LAND, with COT?
TAGE and improvements thereon, situated
on Bridge Btreet, in the city of Columbia,
measuring 40 fe?t front by 208 feet deep,,
more or less, (fronting Bridge street,) and;
bounded oh tho North by the estate of B.
Reiley, on the Wost by eatate of B. Reiloy,
on the East by Susan Bostick.
A LOT fronting Bridge street, measur?
ing 30 feet front by 208 feet deep, more or
less, and bounded on the North by Mary
Irving, on th? Wost by Thomas Berry, on
the East by Joseph Taylor.
Terms-One-fourth cash; balance in one,
two and three yeara, secured by the bond
of the purchaser and mortgage of the
premisos. Building to be insured and
policy assigned. Purchasers to pay for
papers and stamps.
Nov S0t Master in Equity.
GWYNN, C0TTEN & CO.,
Cotton factors and General Com'n Merchants
105 West towbar t street, Baltimore.
LIBERAL advaujea mado on consign?
ments. Ordors for goneral merchan?
Henry Gwynn, of Baltimore; R. B. Cot?
ton, late of Tarboro, N. C.; Walter Gwynn
I Jr., of South Carolina. Oct ll ||?3mo
HUGH R. GARDEN,
Attorney at Law and Beal Estate Agent,
Warrenton, Fauquier County, Virginia.
ITTILL pay special attention tri exami
W nation of TITLES, CONVEYANC?
ING, Ao. Oilers for salo four hundred
Embracing some of tue best Mineral,
Grazing and Agricultural Landa in the
State, in sections whore tho POPULATION
IS UNEXCEPTIONABLE, and climate un
surpassed. The changed system of labor
n?cessit?tes the division of estates, por?
tions of which are offered for sale or leas?
on most reasonable terms. Correspond?
ence soliuited and information promptlr
RsnsaaROES.- Hon. Wm. F. DoSaussure,
Gen. Wade Hampton, Columbia, H. O.;
Rev. B. M. Palmor, D. D., Gen. Jame*
Longatreot, New Orleans, La.; Judge Wm.
J. Robertson, Charlottesville, Va.; Hon.
John Randolph Tooker, Middleburg, Va.;
Lambert Gittinga A Co., Baltimore, Md.
Addresa me asjabove. Qc* ? 3mo _
Only Fifty Cents.
?f BOX EH SMOKED HERRINGS,
iuU for sale at the unuaualiy low prie?
of 50 oe?te per box, by _
Nov 16 J.aT.n, AGNEW.