Newspaper Page Text
Tuesday Morning, Deo. 31.1867.
r , - v. _
Thc Buroptan Situation.
The Phoenix, ol the 27th, contain
.ed a cable despatch to the effect that
the Russian Government had ad?
dressed a note to the Government of
France, protesting against the shift?
ing policy of the latter in regard to
the affairs of the East. A special
correspondent of the New York J?er
odd writes from Constantinople a
letter, in which, from the stand-point
of au actual observer, the Eastern
question is admirably discussed; and
in which he very properly remarks
that the interestwhioh naturally con?
tres at the present moment in the
Roman question, ha? mad? n? forget?
ful of the troubles whioh are now
agitating the East. The European
situation, in truth, can only be fully
understood by taking into account
tho Roman and the Eastern ques?
tions. On these two questions hang,
if not the law and the prophets, at
least the immediate future of Europe.
It is a enri?os circumstance, and
somewhat characteristic of the times,
that the two questions whioh are now
distracting the old world an d threaten?
ing it with revolution, are thorough?
ly and essentially religions. . The
?Sublime Forte and the Holy See are
both felt by many of the European
* Governments to be relics of a dead
and buried past; but how to .get
them ont of- tho way, the statesmen
are at their wits'end to And out.
The two questions have no necessary
connection with each other; but it is
difficult at the present moment to see
bow the one is to bo settled, without
seriously affecting , the other, or how
either is to be settled, without con?
vulsing and revolutionizing Etnope.
Recent facts are entirely confirma?
tory of these views. The French
intervention in Rome has already
begotten complications whioh it is
now more than probable may lead to
a Franco-Italian war. The latest
cable telegrams bring a significant
illustration of the actual drift of
. events, in the statement by the Paris
semi-offioial journal, La Patrie, that
thc French Government has issued
orders for the departure of 20,000
more troops for Ci vita Ve cob ia. lu a
i war with Italy, France might reap
- some successes; she might also have
i the sympathy and encouragement of
Austria and Spain; but she would
most certainly alienate herself from
the rest of Europe. This, howover,
is not the worst. The interference of
France in the affairs of Italy robs
her of the right of objecting to the
interference of Russia in the affairs
. of ^Turkey. Whatever right France
>Aas, or thinks she has, to interfere in
tho interests of the Papacy, Russia
can plead the same right to interfere
in the interests of the Greek Chris?
tiana It is manifest, from the tele
. grams to which we have already
alluded, that Russia understands the
situation, and means to turn it to her
own advantage. The Cretan difficulty
is as far from being settled as ever.
Greece, with the cousent and ap?
proval of Russia, is giving the in?
surgents every encouragement in her
power. In the event of war breaking
out between France and Italy,, the
demand for annexation to Greece on
the part of the Cretans will become
louder and more imperious, and it ii
not too much to say that if, in sue!
circumstances, Russia puts forth he
strength to have the desire of tin
Cretans gratified, neither Englam
nor any other of the great power
will unsheathe the sword to proven
it. The difficulty will be for Russi
to limit her ambition to this point
Ii she exceeds this and stirs up th
Christian subjects of tho Porte t
rise in general rebellion!, or attempt
to move on Constantinople, a gent
ral European war is not improbable
If Napoleon means to exercise an
influence on tho affairs of the Easl
ho cannot get this Papal business to
quickly off his hands. He cannot b
ignorant that France's difficulty i
A proposition is reported to t
bef?le (bo House Committee on Mil
tiny A Sh irs lo reduce tho reguli
army, Ibu first heavy reduction 1
ttike p aco when tho first Southe!
tit ute ?J rclunuuJ to rcpresontatioi
and l!io rei! ur'?ot. lo continue as tl
military distincts are done ..way wit
B?UVISH MisaioNAitrK? TO THH
SOUTH.-Great Britain, ever gener?
ous to all peoples except ber own,
proposes to Bend missionaries to the
Southern States. What <he dn?oti
tunato Sohth needs most now is food
and raiment-ships Ibaded with boer"
and oom. There have been too many
missionaries already sent from the.
Northern States, political st ump
speakers, aspirants for office, and
New Eugland school teachers, male
and female. They have brought
irreparable mischief on the South.
With a fresh flOod of these from the
other side of the Atlantic, what is to
become of the poor South?
The news from Washington muk?s
it plain enough, that the President
means to be President. The signal
rebuke which the people of tho North
have ? ferywhere given at tho polls to
the radical destructives, and the fail
"ro of impeachment, have doubtless
nerved ' Mr. Johnson to sharp and
decisive action, in cases where the
public good seemed to require it.
WHAT THE PRESIDENT SHOD LD Do.
The Metropolitan Record thinks Presi?
dent Johnson hos- done a good thing
in calling upon Congress to set the
seal of its approval and commenda?
tion on the wise and judicious course
of General Hancock, since he took
command in his new department.
Let him now follow it up by an offi?
cial statemont of the condition of the
South, under the influence of radical
policy, so that the people may know
how that section is impoverished,
how its industry is wrecked, and
how hundreds of thousands are in a
state of extreme poverty and destitu?
WHAT A PBACTICAIJ MAN SAYS.-.
Senator Sprague, of Rhode Island,
who is a large manufacturer as well
as a large cotton planter, delivered a
speech on Friday last, before the
adjournment of Congress for the
holidays, on the repeal of the cotton
tax, in whioh he mado the startling
statement that the British manufac?
turers are now able, by their skilled
labor and machinery, to produce
from the short and dry staple of
India cotton a produot equal to that
from the American staple. He said
that at this day Egyptian cotton was
used in seven-eighths of the articles
in which sea island cotton was for?
merly employed, and that he be?
lieved in two years this latter article
would only be produced as a rare
plant in some gentleman's garden.
The plantations of tho South ho did
not consider worth one-twentieth
part of their value before the war.
Mr. Sprague told the Senate that he
not only apprehended we had lost
the great cotton interest forever, but
that he even feared the competition
of India cotton in American markets.
These are not the statements of a
Congressional declaimer, but of a
practical man, who rarely asks the
attention of tho Senate. Truths like
these ought to rouse the industrial
dusses of the country, and bring
them to tkcido whether this destruc?
tion of cotton, commerce and manu?
factures, on a legitimate basis, is not
a higher price than they are able to
pay for the perpetuation of radical
? ? ? ?
A GREAT COSMOPOLITAN FESTIVAL.
The New York World tells us that a
grand and sumptuous festival is
under way there, which is iutended
to surpass that held three years ago
in one ot j the free towns of Ger?
many. It says:
"Tho ocean mails and Atlantic
cable have already boon employed to
obtain the oo-operation o? German,.
Frenoh, SW?BS nnd Austrian societies,
with those of this and other Ameri?
can cities, in securing the assemblage
of at loast 100,000 gymnasts, sharp?
shooters, musicians and vocalists in
New York next Juno. Encouraging
replies are received from Europe.
The Gorman si en m ship companies
intimate their willingness to aid the
scheme by reduoing fares. A liberal
cosmopolitan spirit is manifested by
those in chargo ot" preliminary ar?
rangements; and, if war is stayed
ubroad, we shall have music and
musketry in unprecedented volume
and vo?oys hero at home. Paris
during the Exposition, or Berlin on
tho day of the retara of the Prussian
army from tho last war, were quiet
cities compared with what this me?
tropolis ought to bo when the expect?
ed excursion lands."
The Tortola inhabitants, whom tho
flood and earthquake spared, aro in a
fair way to porinu Ivy starvation and
plague. They are ulmost entirely
without food, ?nd many of tho dead
aro yet unburied.
THE ST. THOMAS AS? ALASKA PUR?
CHASES.-The Washington y corres?
pondent of the New York Berald
writes na follows, under dato of the
26tht ? ' ;
"Frcjjm a trustworthy sonweljeajra
that th?.disposition of tho House bf
Representatives, previous to their ad
jonrnment, was positively inimical to
tho consummation of tho purohase of
the islands of St. Thomas and St.
John. The recent earthquakes have
had the effect of shaking the enthu?
siasm of many who favored the ac?
quisition, and the retrenchment agi?
tation has operated unfavorably in n
peonniary point Of view: This, it is
saith accounts for . the ' liesitatiou of'
the Government in hastening the
transfer until the overtowering ob?
stacle-an appropriation of the ne?
cessary money-be either removed or
tho House take conclusivo action to
'.Respecting Alaska, no ? "prehen?
sions are .entertained as to the co?
operation of the House, though it is
generally known many cold votes will
be given in its favor. As the United
States Government has already taken
formal possession of that hyperbore?
an region, it is argued that a negative
of the money feature in the affair
would place tho Govornment in a
very awkward position. Upon this
ground many will support the mea?
sure, who under other circumstances
would act adversely. Great efforts
will be made by the House Committee
on Foreign Affairs to carry both pur?
A CLOCK--Mr. H. O. Morrill, of
Baltimore, has made a wonderful
clock. His extra time for the last
fourteen years has been devoted to
its perfection, and it is indeed the
wonder of the age. The space ne?
cessary to display its capacity and
operation is nine feet by eighteen
feet. It runs eight days and per?
forms as follows : It wakes np a house?
hold. Strikes the quarters by four
automatons on four bells. Sounds
the alarm to awaken the master of
tho house. Lights a lamp and kin?
dles a fire in the stove. A carriage is
seen coming along a mountain road,
calls at a place of business, and gets
a clock left for repair. The bell is
rung to awaken a servant, who rises
in the presence of the audience nnd
draws the curtain of her chamber to
make her toilet. The carriage is
again seen upon the road; when near
a rocky covert a robber spring.') in
front of the horses, and a fight en
j sues. A farmer by the roadside, not
' seeing the robber, commences to be?
labor the horses, when a hunter in
the distance comprehends the situa?
tion, fires his rifle at the robber, who
escapes to tho mountaiu, and the car?
riage with its inmates drives on to its
destination. All this is done by the
machinery of this unrivalled clock,
which is said to be an admirable
A COMPLETS WARLIKE EXPEDITION.
The English expedition to Abyssinia
is regarded by some of the Loudon
newspapers as a marvel in the way of
exhibitiug the diversity of appliauccs
whioh modern science has provided
for the prosecution of a war among
savage tribes. Bread-making ma?
chines will be set up wherever possi?
ble, tube wells and pocket filters will
be iu use, ice will bo made by freez?
ing machines iu sufficient quantity to
serve surgical and medicinal purpos?
es, and enough compressed vegetables
will be carried for sanitary treatment.
Evcu the proper purification of the
air in tho hospitals has been scrupu?
lously provided for. An archaeolo?
gist, a mineralogist, a zoologist, a
geographer, a topographical staff,
and several photographers, are also
preparing to accompany the expedi?
tion. Railroads will be improvised,
there will bo balloons for military
surveys, together with signal appa?
ratus, rockets, ?.fcc, all denoting an
age of progress. If these things do
not conquer King Theodore, perhaps
the modern improvements in gunne?
to the Postmaster-General's report,
not Jess than a million letters were
mailed last year without signatures,
and mis-dirccted, or so badly direct?
ed, that tho address was totally un?
intelligible-these were destroyed.
More than a million and a hulf
others-1,611,680-were restored to
their writers by the care of the dead
letter office. Thus it seems that at
least two and a half millions of mis?
takes were made in an opera t iou whioh
one would think likely to enlist tho
sufficient core of the writer, the ad?
dressing of a letter. The.se letters
contained nearly $150,000 in money,
bills of exchange, deeds, checks, &c,
to the value of ovor $5,000.000, and
over 49,000 contained photographs,
L?cnTNO TUTS NEOROKS - A gentle?
man in this city bs? received A letter
from a friend iu Liberty County, in
which a pufc.sngo occurs informing
the recipient that tho negro member
of the Atlanta Convention, has sent
word to tho negro laborers iu hi?
district, to "hold their places until I
tho first of January, when hu will ?
give, them further orders."
Any comment On BUT;1I an order is
unnecessary. This course, followed
to ?ny length pf time, must and will
inevitably lead to a rupture.
[Savunn'th News and Herald.
THB REIGN OF TERROR IN THE
SOOTH-THBEE MILLION WHITES AND
BLACKS ON THE POINT OF STAUVATION.
One of the traveling correspondents
Of the Nev? York Her aid, who bus
made an extensive tour of Louisiana,
Georgia, Mississippi, Alabama, North
?nd South Carolina, represente tho.
condition of the freedmen as' heart?
rending in the'.extrome. lu all tho
cotton districts of those States, the
great mass of the freedmen are not
only on the point of starvation, but
possess scarcely a sufficiency of cloth?
ing to. cover their nakedness. At
most of the railway stations, many
colored children collect on- the ar?
rival, of the trains, and enter into
competition with tho famished swine
and ?ofH for tho possession of the
bones thrown by passengers from the
trains, while scores of lazy negroes
eoileet about the depots as specta?
tors. In tho corn growing districts,
the prospects of a famine are not so
near, an/1 whites blacks ar? ?JU
friendly terms. He declares that the
negroes are much more destitute
than under the old slave regime. In
many counties of these States, tho
forests are filled with armed negroes,
who hnnt game in day time, and
make raids upon planters' stock at
night. The reign of terror is general
iu upper Louisiana, lower Mississippi
and the cotton districts of Georgia
and the Carolinas. The destitution,
however, is not confined to the
blacks. Thousands of the white
population have not a months' pro?
visions ahead, and no money with
which to lay in a supply. Many
planters, who were far-seeing, pro?
vided a year's supply for their fami?
lies; but tho starving negroes have
very generally pillaged their smoke?
houses and granaries and stripped
them clean. His estimate of the
number of persons, (compiled from
statistics oollected by the Executives
of the States and others,) who will
starve, unless Congress provides some
relief, is three millions, two-thirds of
whom aro negroes. This estimate em?
braces Louisiana, Mississippi, Ala?
bama, Georgia and the Carolinas.
He has no estimate of the other un?
reconstructed States. Unless prompt
action is taken to provide for the
starving freedmen and whites, the
pillaging of tho whites will become
general, the latter will resist, and a
bloody co nil ic t will be the result.
Planters are generally alarmed, and
would leave the couutry could they
raise the means to remove their
families. Hundreds are offering their
homes for a mere song, but can find
no purchasers. Plantations that be?
fore the war commanded as high as
fifty dollars per acre, can be purchas?
ed for five dollars per acre, so general
is the terror that reigns and the de?
sire of the owners to save their
families from tho outrages that are
threatened by the negroes, unless aid
comes from the Government or the
people of the North.
IN THE WRONG Box.-Yesterday, a
colored man applied at the box office
of the National Theatre, for two
tickets for reserved seats in the dress
circle, nt the performance last even?
ing, and it being customary for color?
ed men to be sent for tickets, they
were sold to him without hesitation.
Last night, two colored mon, said to
bo brothers, named Wallace, present?
ed tickets to the door-keeper, which
ho hurriedly took, without looking at
them, and the men passed into the
parquette circle and took seats.
Very soon considerable excitement
was manifested, and some cries were
heard of "niggers in the pit-put 'em
out." Officers of the house went to
tho men and informed them that
they were in tho wrong part of the
theatre; that there were seats espe?
cially for tho accommodation of co?
lored people, in tho upper gullery.
They said that they had paid for
seats where they were, and refused
to leave. Tho excitement continued
until the close of the third act of tho
play,(Forrest as Metamora,) when
some threats were made, and the
attaches of the theatre, fearing trou?
ble, agaiu attempted to induce the
men to leave. Finally they offered
to go if their money was refunded to
them. This was don?) at once, and
they loft the theatre.
I \Vas7ihigton Star.
Au old lady iu Corydon, Indiana,
has failing ?"yen, andv consequently
an overgrown Suuduy-hynm book,
something hms than Webs er's Una?
bridged pictorial. Chi her way to
church, the other Sunday, sho stop
I ped in a moment to see a friend, aud
I placed her hymn book Off tho centre
table, while- shu aired, her gaiter? ot
tl?o grato. When th? church bells
rang, sho started rather suddenly,
and, instead of h<*r Walu' illustrated
hytnu book, picked up HU elegant
little m HMO box. Tu? .x-huuge
worked to a charin, and "all w**nt
morry as a marriage bril." The
minister opened bin hymn book ti?
read bia "title cluur lo inansious in
the skies," still thu old lady opened
ber iipedo bun, wltiob happened to
go nit' iu tho devotional strain ot
'"Pop goes Ibo we.i-.el." Tho old
lady popped up ?;? her seat, trhjd to
elioko tho Munn dow?? and couldn't,
but left tile home, without waiting to
seo whether Misa Brown wore lier
gored gingham il ress or spotted pop
liu. _ _
In California, "L>. IV after a man'fi
name, aiguilles" druuk and disorder
i.,. Jl' '1 I I M,!. L3
POCKET DIARIES.-Messrs. Duffie
& Chapman have on hand a variety
of different sizes and styles of pocket
diaries, (paged, aud dated,) for 1868.
ROBBERY.- On Saturday night last,
about half-past S o'clock, during the
temporary absence of Mrs. McKen?
zie from the store, a thief entered
and carried off tho money drawer,
containing over $50, besides a va?
riety of papers. No trace of the
robber has been discovered.
Three young men in Berlin have
died while attempting to pass seven
days and seven nights without sleep.
If these unfortunates worked for t
"few years ou a daily paper, the\
would have learned lier tc ace ern
plish the feat successfully.
THE OUTRAGE ON THE SOUTH CARO
LINA RAILROAD.-John Montgomery
the ring-leader of the gang of ne
groes who removed a rail which threv
from the track a train ou the Soutl
Carolina Railroad, at Hopkins' Turn
out, in October last, has been trie(
by military commission, and sen
teuced to fifteen years' imprison
ment. This sentence baa, however
been mitigated by Gen. Canby ti
three years' imprisonment, witl
TnE CONVENTION.-General Canb;
has issued the following order, date?
December 28, 1867:
"At the election held in the Stat
of South Carolina, on the 19th an<
20th days of November, 1867, pui
suant to General Orders No. 99, fror
; these Headquarters, dated Ootobe
116, 1867, a majority of tho registere
voters of the said State having vote'
on the question of holding a Conven
tion, and a majority of the votes eas
being in favor of holding such Coe
ven tion, the delegates elect eil then
to, are hereby notified, in conformit
with the provisions of the fourth se<
tion of the Act of Congress of Maro
23, 1867, to assemble in Convention
in the City of Charleston, Sont
Carolina, at noon, on Tuesday, tl
14th day of January, 1868, for tl
purpose of framing a Constitute
and civil Government, according 1
the provisions of tho aforesaid Act i
the 23d day of March, 1807, and <
the Act of the 2d day of March, 186
to which it is supplementary."
A list of the delegates elected
appended. Why Charleston was s
Icc ted instead of Columbia-the cai
tal of the State-does not appei
Tho supposition is that several G
vernmeut officers-who are also mei
hers of the aforesaid Convention
prevailed on the District Command
to order the meeting to be held
the Queen City, for their special t
commodatiou-so that they can ea
ly "kill two birds with one stoue."
To DRINKERS OF CHAMPAGNE.-"\
always knew that among tho produi
of New York, "Champagne" wi
was one. Tho recent seizure of soi
of the establishments where it
manufactured, has lcd to the pub
disclosure of the method of its mi
iug. Here is the description:
"It has been known for some ti:
that imitation brands of wine hi
been put upon the market in lui
quantities, and at great profit to 1
dealers. The bottles, corks and lab
are mado to resemble the genu:
article so closely, that only an exp
could detect tho true character of 1
"trashy" wine. The cost of the i
coction is sixty-fivo cents per qu
bottle, and it sells at wholesale
$7.50 per dozen, and at retail fr
$4 to i5>8 per bottle. The process
manufacturing is simple and ea
To a certain quantity of cheap S
terne wino is added drugs, essene
&c, including rock candy for sweet
ing and brandy flavoring, and ii
few days' time the mixture is rei
for the market."
USEFUL INFORMATION.-Aa ex
lent house-keeper was overlie
lamenting that a crack ' hod b
made iu hor cooking stove. For
benefit of all suoh, we publish
following ready mode of mend
cracks iu stoves aud iron ovens
practiced in Germany:
"When a crack is discovered i
stove, through which the lire
Hiuoko p?n?tr?tes, the aperture i
be completely closed io ti munn
with ii composition consisting
wood lishe* mid common salt, ni
ap iu a pistti with a little water,
plastered ov?>r the crae.;. Tho g
i effect is equally certain whether
stovu bo hot i?r cohl."
FIVE CUNTS.-Tho price of sii
copies of tho Phoenix M livo cents,
purchasers uro requested to pay
moro for them. We ave inion
that sono of tho n .ws-boys CIK
t'-u. This is nn imposition.
THE WEATHER,-After a week of
delightfully pleasant weather, there
was a sudden change, Sunday night
-^-Boreas going ori his peregrina?
tions, with " an. evident intention of
blowing things to pieces. Yesterday
morning Opened dull and gloomy,
and about 12 o'clock a chilly, pene?
trating, settled rain, with an admix?
ture of sleet, commenced falling,
which had the effect of materially
raising the price of fire-wood.
THE HUGUENOTS.-A . valuable
chapter in English histoiy has been
prepared by Samuel Smiles, the well
known author of Self-Help, nnd other
readable works. Very much of Eng?
land's character, as a manufacturing
and commercial nation, she owes to
tho immigrations of the ingenious
aud iudustrious Huguenots, who
were driven to her shores by the
storms of relentless persecution. A
history of their settlements, churches
and industries in England aud Ire?
land, by Mr. Smiles, has been pub?
lished by the Messrs. Harper, to?
gether with an appendix relating to
the Huguenots in America, by the
Hon. G. P. Di80sway, than whom
there is no better authority ou Hu?
guenot antiquities in America.- No
labor or research seems to have been
spared in gathering material, and the
work will undoubtedly at once take
its position among the standard his?
tories of our race. Of the Huguenot
church in the cathedral vaults at
Canterbury, this work says:
"It is a remarkable circumstance
that the original French Calvinist
Church still continues to exist in Can?
terbury Cathedral. 300 years have
passed since the first body of exiled
Walloons met to worship there-800
years, daring which generations have
come and gone, and revolutions have
swept over Europe; and still that elo?
quent memorial of the religious his?
tory of the middle ages survives,
bearing testimony alike to the rancor
of the persecutions abroad, the heroic '
steadfastness of the foreign Protes?
tants, the large and liberal spirit of
the English Church, and'the glorious
asylum which England has in all
times given to foreigners flying for
refuge against oppression and
"The visitor to the cathedral, in
passing through the Under Croft, has
usually pointed out to him the apart?
ment still used as the 'French
church!1 It is walled off from the
crypt in the South side-aisle; and
through the windows which overlook
the interior, the arrangements of the
place can easily be observed. It is
plainly fitted up with pews, a pulpit
and precentor's desk, like a dissent?
ing place of worship-and, indeed, it
is a dissenting place of worship,
though forming part of the High
Cathedral of Canterbury."
We aro indebted to Mr. MeCarter
for a copy of this book.
CUBE FOB COLD FEET.-We are as?
sured by ono who has given the ex?
periment a fair trial, that cold feet,
and especially those superlatively
frigid feet that are kept chilled by
perspiration, may be relieved by a
simple expedient. This is to wear
cotton socks next the skin and woolen
stockings outside of them. In the
instanco of our informant, the result
was successful in keeping his feet
warm and dry. Tho singular con?
sequence also ensued, that at night
he would find the cotton socks (next
his skin) quite dry, while the outside
woolen stockings would be perfectly
MAIL ARRANGEMENTS.-The post
office open during the week from 8}?
a. m. to 6 p. m. On Sundays, from
V& to 2)? p. m.
The Charleston and Western mails
are open for delivery at 2 p. m., and
closo at 9 a. m.
Northern-Open for delivery at
10j? a. m., close." at 1 p. m.
Greenville-Open for delivery at 3"
p. m., closes at 8 p. m.
NEW ArvKRTisEirENTfl.-Attenuon ir call?
ed to the following advertisements, pub?
lished this morning for tho tir^t time:
F. H. rape-School Notice.
Mooting Eutaw Encampment
Meeting Colored Firemen.
J. O. Gibbes-Payment of Insurance.
DISTRESSING ACCIDENT.-On Mon?
day evening last, little James Craig,
about eight or nino years old, son of
Capt. James C. Craig, rodo from his
father'? residence to tho post office,
for tho ?nail. On his return, his
?toreo took fright and run against a
tie.', infliotipg a wound ou the little
fellow's head, from tho effects of
which he died in some two hours
niter >\ fitf'ln. - Ghera wi A'lrerliser.
W. ll. Buuiiul), auwiioiioor in Kow
Or! ans. was seized with a congestivo
chill, and sent for Ilia Ini?ru s i \\?ti;
m r, Mr. Hailey. The lutrCT-fi lidiad
of heart disease ns be asee nd val tho
si cps of 33unuo)i's house, and half an
I hour later the other expired.