Newspaper Page Text
SHteixday Morning, January 4.1868.
m.'txat ilk? Sout?ini States Need.
Who New York Tribune forcibly
marges those who would "revive the
flagging energies of the South,
Sehten her miseries and restore her
te vigor and prosperity," to "take or
?nd their money and buy Southern
lands." This advice is wise and time?
ly- -What the South needs is a re
.?ral of her business and industry.
Sie needs capital to procure tools
?ad implements for farming-to pay
fifer ber labor in advance of its har
mmila, to rebuild the dwellings and
.asBkfcnrr. fha f$?d**stsy sTTcpt out of ex?
istence by the war; and it is only
Abona the North, or from abroad, that
?che con hope to get it But it does
?ot como! Neither -foreigners nor
Snihern capitaliste will send their
TBttosoy into the Southern States for
?anrestment, either .in lands, or in any?
thing else. And the reason is per
TperSectly obvious; they have not suf
t&?ect'Ooa?denoe in the political, in
*feafcrial and social future of the South,
4? warrant them in committing their
?naja?tal toits control. Men will not
gast their money into any State or
vacantly, until they can form some
sanable judgment of the usage to
which it will be subjected. They
wmnt to know the general character
dad drift of the laws whioh will oon
"fcsol it-the rate and kind of taxation
4ka *fhich it will be subjected-the
?nullity with whioh it will be sur
Wmm?ak% and the facilities whioh will
HtesSToruexl for employing, changing or
t?ilh.drawing it at pleasure. AU these
dSsngs depend on the character of
HS*o Government whioh may be estab
Jaahed. And until capitalists can
3*tcui some more accurate and reliable
'?gonion as to the kind of Govern
a&euts which are hereafter to exist in
4fce Southern States, and the degree
. <a& .stable wisdom and justice whioh
aaay bo expected from them, they
m?H not put their property under
?Barrir control. Just now the Southern
States seem likely to pass substan?
tially under the control of their no?
ngra population. Even in States where
'tShtO negroes have not an absolute
?Bsajority of the voters, they have
.enough to decide the policy of the
?Stake Governments, unless the white
waters unite against them. The latter
^coarse would be very likely to in
trolve a conflict of races, whioh would
ifiirow society and all its interests ink
jdioos; and if it is not resorted to, thc
jsxbctaniiol negro supremacy whiob
'ansuld follow, is an experiment whicl
jnsmains to be tried. The loud and
? soniident predictions of politician;
*?..d tho press, do not settle the ques
iSiin. Capitalists who have moucj
Jkz invest, prefer to await the resull
. ci auch an experiment, which, be ii
^remembered, is as yet wholly untried
'3The Times asserts that there an
- States and commuuities where a ven
iarge per cont, of the governing peo
plo is made up of the ignorant am
inexperienced; but they have neve;
3pet made any trial of such an experi
anent as is involved in suddenly giv
ing three-fifths, one-half, or evei
?one-third, of the politicul power o
?ny State to a class of men just re
teased from slavery, not only alien
ia race, but utterly without experi
-eoee in civil affairs, unaccustomed
-oven to care for themselves in th
?esiallest matters of daily life, am
-iBcrtain, for a long time to come, t
2?e mero tools in the hands of selfish
mnocrupulous and irresponsible pol
ticiaus on ono sido qr the othei
'This is an experiment y ot to be triet
lt may give to lihorty stronger gui
anatees, to proporty greater security
to itbor a surer reward, to cute
prise greater stimulus, and to tl
'Soest interosts of the State and i
people a safor development, than ai
form of government which has bo<
tried hitherto. Tho Tribune beliov
that it will. So do somo of the gre
?ap?talists of New England, of Nc
2Zork and tho Wost-thoso of tho
**fc.o espouse thoso theories of ni
-^j-'&4 suffrage, to bo enforced upc
Vue South by military power, ai
.mho aro sending political missionari
into tho Southern States to organi
?tc jxirmancut establishment of g
v.?rnrnents based upon them. ?
r:i/: tliey do not send tlieir moue
T'.'cy do not invest iu Southern lan
or fclouthem industries of any kin
iijrC'Egly as they recommend eu
ill ? III I lill I ? il ? Ul If-*
Investmente to other people-ear?
nestly and justly as they invoke aid
to the Southern States through snch
instrumentality-they do not exhibit
that full faith in their own ad vico
which acting upon it would imply.
What the South needs-like all other
great communities-first of all, and
as the condition sine qua non of all
industrial prosperity and all material
development, is a settled Govern?
ment, in the practical working' of
which all who live there, and all who
think of investing money the - ?, and
all whose welfare in any way depends
upon Southern prosperity, shall have
a strong and abiding confidence. The
South has no ouch governments now.
It has no irnip?niT>nnto Tvhich. com?
mand the respect and confidence of
its own people. It is trying very
hard to get them.
Congress hos iwnnmpd control of
the whole Southern questiou. It
denied and violently resisted, resent?
ed and defeated the authority which
the Executive attempted to assert
and exercise over it-took into its
own hands the whole business of
dealing with the South-and Con?
gress mUBt expect to be held respon?
sible for the results.
RA nato AU O VER TUE ALTS.-Mr.
Boyard Taylor has given the New
York Tribune an account of his trip,
in the latter part of September, over
the first railroad which crosses the
Alpine chain, and which has been
now completed and opened to the
public between four and five mouths.
The pass of the Semmering, copied
after the passage of tho Allflganie? on
the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, and
few of the passes of the Alps are less
than 6,000 feet elevation. Tho Breu?
ner Pass, which is the first of the
Alpine passes mounted by a locomo?
tive, is the lowest of them all, the
summit being 4,770 feet above the
sea level. Mr. Taylor gives a graphic
account of tho great natural obsta?
cles overcome by tho road. From
Innsbruch the distance to the sum?
mit is twenty-one miles by railway.
Innsbroch is 2,000 feetabove the sea,
so that the elevation between the two
points is 2,770 feet, or un average of
131 feet to the mile. Mr. Taylor
writes that all the communication be?
tween Germany and Italy seems
crowding on the Brenner Pass, and
instead of one coach, with a dozen
passengers, which was the last stage
arrival at Innsbruch before the com?
pletion of the railroad, there were,
six weeks afterwards, two trains a
day, with 200 passengers, and every
day trains are delayed by the rush of
Southerner publishes a communica?
tion from T. P. Lido, Esq., of that
District, in which he states that his
gin-house and some smaller build?
ings were destroyed by incendiary
fires on the 27th ult. On the same
night, but at an earlier hour, the gin
house and fodder of his neighbor and
friend, Capt. Wm, Law, were fired,
but it was discovered in time to frus?
trate tho diabolical purposes of the
wretches, and save his premises from
a most disastrous conflagration.
There is good reason for believing
that thiR was all the work of one
"A few days before Mr. Lido's ca?
lamity, the torch was applied to a
building, containing fodder and hay,
on the premises of the late Chancel?
lor Dargan, and the .same was con?
"On Sunday night last, the torch
was also applied to somo buildings at
tho Cyprus Plantation of tho late
James S. McCull, and ono or more of
them wero consumed.
"Stealing has become so common
that it is scarcely noticed now; tho
absorbing question is how to save
one's premises from tho incendiary's
torch. No ono feels safo without a
strict watch upon his premises, and
God only knows how this thiug is to
"The dwelling houso on Gen. J.
B. Nottlos' plantation-in which the
General was sleoping for the first time
in months-was fired on Wednesday
night, and before much could bo
saved was soon in a blaze, and the
General had but time to Bavo him?
SWEDEN WTANTS TO SELL AN ISLAND.
Information has boon received hero
that tho Stockholm nowspaper, tho
Volksblatt, advises tho Swedish Go?
vernment to follow tho oxamplo of
Denmark, by selling to tho United
States tho West India island of St.
Bartholomew. This is regarded as
another indication that European
monarchies are retiring from this
coutiuont under tho inlluenco of tho
FATAXI ASTBAT.-On Tuesday even?
ing, the 24th ultimo, our town was
saddened by an affray of the most
painful character we have Over been
compelled tc chronicle aa occurring
in our midst. The ladies connected
with the Presbyterian Church of this
place, had arranged to have a Christ?
mas tree and other festivities, at
"Moore's Hall," on Main street, in
behalf of the Sabbath School of their
Church. Towards tho close of the
entertainment, and about 9 o'clock
in the evening, some missiles were
thrown through the windows of the
hall, from a party of persons in the
street in front of the building, and
some little boys, it is supposed, re?
sponded by throwing sticks of wood
into the crowd in the street. The
persons in tho boll becoming excited
by the demonstration outside, three
or four gentlemen, amonj whom wi;
Dudley Jones, jr., a young mau of
high character, went out upon tho
street to ascertain the cause and
character of the disturbance. While
in the street, Jones used some violent
language towards those who had
thrown the missiles into tho hall.
The company in tho hall soon after?
wards dispensed, and as Jones re?
turned by the hall, after conducting
a lady home, ho was called to nccouut
by Thomas A. Smith and William
Snider-two young men well esteemed
in the community-for tho language
he had used respecting the authors
of the disturbance. Somo sharp
words ensued, and Jones, it seems,
was attacked by them and struck
several times, when, drawing a pock?
et-knife, he began to cat promiscu?
ously at bis assailants. Thomas A.
Smith received a severe blow from
the knife, cutting his throat from
one sido to the other, and producing
death almost immediately. William
Snider received a severe wound from
the same knife, in the side and
abdomen, from which, however, it is
hoped he will recover, as he seems to
bc doing well under tho ireaimeut ot
his surgeons, Drs. Bratton A Jack?
Shortly after the painful occur?
rence. Jones placed himself in the
custody of the sheriff, to await a
judicial inquiry into the affair.
An application for bail for Jones,
was made by his counsel, Messrs.
Williams & Son and Hart, on Mon?
day last, before Judge Beaty, of the
District Court, and the defendant
released upon a bond, with sureities
in the sum of $2,000, for his appear?
ance at tho Spring Term of the
Court of Sessions.
THE LADIES' SOUTHERN BELIEF
ASSOCIATION.-The Indies composing
this truly benevolent association are
actively at work in perfecting their
arrangements for tho series of musi?
cal and promenade concerts, tableaux,
sappers and other entertainments
which they propose to give at the
hall of the Maryland Institute, com?
mencing on Monday evening, the 13th
of January. A number of commit?
tees havo been appointed, all having
special duties to perform, and thero
can be but little doubt thitt au enter?
tainment will be produced reflecting
credit on all concerned, aud which
will produce a sum sufficient to send
joy and gladness into many a house?
hold of the suffering South. To ac?
complish the latter object, the lady
managers look to tho generous sup?
port of 'the community at large, and
particularly, in the way of supplies,
do they rely on liberal contributions
from the country friends of the cause
of suflbring humanity. In many
sections of tho devastated South the
suffering of widowed mothers and
orphan children is represented ns
being far greater at thc present time,
than at any period since the close of
tho war, and it is for tho special
relief of this das of sufferers that tho
genorous-hearted ladies of Baltimore
have again come before the public as
laborers in tho good cause. It is to
bo hoped that their success will bo
equal to their merits.
[Baltimore Sun, 30///.
B EM ARK AH LE ESCAPE.-Yesterday
morning, a most miraculous escapo
occurred ut tho depot of tho South
Carolina Railroad, in Line street,
just before the departure of tho pas?
senger train for Columbia. A hack
man had just driven into tho yard of
tho depot, haviug in his carriage a
Mr. Steadman, his sister and a child,
and had jumped down from his seat
to open tho door, when tho whistle
of an approaching freight train
frightened his horses, and.they dash?
ed oil'. Tho horses running out of
tho yard, turned in tho direction of
the railroad track, and ran directly
across it. They bardy escaped tho
apj)roaching locomotive, which struck
ono of the Iii nd wheelo of tho car?
riage, and threw tho occupants out
upon tho ground. Tho carriage was
druggod half way to Columbus street,
and literally smashed to atoms. Tho
horses broke looso from tho carriago
as soon as it was struck by the loco?
motivo, and ran until they slipped
up in a mud puddle, and wore then
Extraordinary, and oven incredible
as it may seem, neither people or
horses wero hurt.
[ Charleston Mercury.
Dr. A. G. Mackey, Collector of tho
port of Charleston, has been present?
ed with a beautiful and valuable Ma?
sonic testimonial by the Grand Lodge
of Peru, South Amorioa.
SPEEDY ARREST OF AN $8,000 DE
FAULTEB. --Tho Charleston Mercury
states that, on Saturday last, a young
man and young woman, both of very
respectable appearance, stopped at
the Mills House, and registered them?
selves as G. Richmond and wife, Cali?
fornia. The extreme liberality of
j Mr. Bichmond, as displayed in the
billiard room opposite the Mills
House, by paying for everybody's
games, and insisting on treating
everybody to champagne, roused the
suspicions of some United States
detectives, who happened to be pre?
sent, who thought that money which
was so easily parted with must have
been easily obtained.
Bichmond appeared very commu?
nicative and anxious to make friends,
and stated that his intentions were to
remain in Charleston until TW?dfty
uext. Ou further investigation, it
was found that the young man was
no other than a clerk named Robert
Preston, in the employ of the Dor?
chester Mutual Iusurance Company,
who had disappeared with 88,000 in
Government bonds. Ho confessed at
once, and surrendered $5,000 of the
money, which he still had, and also a
quantity of valuable jewelry. Mrs.
Richmond, who is represented to be,
to all appearances, a respectable lady,
denied all knowledge of the defalca?
tion; but that is a tough story, con?
sidering tho assumed name, and
strange circumstances under which
she must have found herself, ever
since she left Massachusetts. Bich
mond, alias Preston,J is still in
C bar les ton, under the care of the de?
tectives, who are awaiting instruc?
tions from Massachusetts.
Our New York exchanges report,
on the authority of Bev. E. P. Wal?
ton, agent of Washington College,
that Bev. Henry Ward Beecher has
contributed one thousand dollars to that
institution. If this is his plan of
reconstruction, for once we eau buy,
"Here's our hand, Mr. Beecher."
Following tho cuo given by Horace
Greeley's expensivo kindness to Mr.
Davis, Mr. Beecher holds out the
hand of cordial reconciliation to
Gen. Lee, in his quiet, self-sacrificing
devotion to the cause of Southern
education. That two prominent,
astute and influential radicals, snob
as Greeley aud Beecher, should open
the hand of a liberal and costly gen?
erosity toward the South, is au omeu
of cheering hope and promise. Is
this the pledge of further liberality
from tho party that wields such incal?
culable wealth, or will Mr. Beecher's
friends desert him in this magnani?
mous stride towards reconciliatiou, as
20,000 of Mr. Greeley's subscribers
did for goiug Mr. Davis' bail?
I Richmond Dispatch.
MAN KILLED BY A NEGRO IN SUM?
MERVILLE.-A difficulty occurred in
Summerville on Tuesday, between
Andrew Groom, a white man of low
character, aud George Duffus, a dis?
charged negro soldier, which resulted
in the death of the former. They
were talking together, and getting
into a quarrel, Groom out at the
negro with a knife, making a large
gash in his pantaloons, when the
latter seized a billot of wood and
struck Groom on the head, killing
-* ? -
FOUND DEAD.-The body of Joshua
Odom, a citizou of this District, was
found dead at or near McCall ?fe Co.'s
Mill, on Tuesday morning last. It
is supposed that Mr. Odom was too
much intoxicated to bo able to get
homo, aud laid or fell down near the
mill and frozo to death. An inquest
was held on Wednesday, which ren?
dered the following verdict, that he
came to his death from intoxication
and oxposure to tho weather.
[ Darlington Southerner.
There is iu England what is called
"TheiEronautical Society," of which
tho Duko of Argylo is President, and
tho object of which is to promote the
navigation of the air. A circular has
just been issued, announcing the
purposo of the society to hold an ex?
hibition in May uext of machinery
aud apparatus relating to this sub?
In Minno3sota, tho other day, a
man who had boasted of the seduc?
tion of a youug lady, was taken out
by the neighbors, and placed in such
a condition, that he would not be
likely to do anything of tho kind
again. Tho pooplo who took tho
law into their own bads in this case,
did not stop to inquire as to tho truth
or falsity of tho dishonorable boast.
Tho whole number of patents issued
from the Patent Oflico during the
past year is 13,015, being au increase
of 8,515 over tho number of last yoar,
which was 9,500. For the week end?
ing on Tuesday, January 7, 263
putouts will be issued. , During the
past week, 400 applications and fifty
caveats were filed.
Minnesota has alroady sent to mar?
ket this year about 7 000,000 bushels
of whoat, and nearly as muoh moro
is believed to bo in farmers' hands.
Tho production is less than in 18GC.
A lady has recently died in Bristol,
England, who, during a life of eighty
four years, had nover tasted animal
food, and enjoyed good health all tho
Tho rumor that Secretary Seward
has bought Saturn's ring, Jupiter's
moons and half a dozen asteroids, is
Every Southern paper received
tells us a sad story of suffering, des?
titution and despair of the future. If
the winter opens so gloomily, what
untold sufferings must precede its
close! "If they do these things in
the green tree, what shall bo done in
the dryT _
LONDON SOOTETT.-Tho December
number of this splendidly illustrated
periodical of Messrs. Hurd & Hough?
ton, of New York, comes to us just
what it purports to be, "a ^magazine
of light and amusing literature."
From among many very readable
articles; we same "That Memorable
Night," "My Finit and Last Steeple
Chaso," "Why He Changed His
Rooms," "The Piccadilly Papers,"
and "Thumbnail Studies in the Lon?
don Streets." With this number of
"London Society," its reproduction
in this country ceases, the enterpris?
ing publishers justly thinking that
the public prefer "Putnam's,'" which
they have recently revived.
ACCIDENTAL KILLING.-Two freed?
men, named Charles Morgan aud
Robert Williams, employed on Judge
Green's farra, met in a store in Co?
lumbia, where Williams had gone to
return a musket, which he had bor?
rowed a short time before. Tho men
were on good terms, and a friendly
scuffle occurred between them, dur?
ing which the gun-loaded with pow?
der aud a paper wad only-acciden?
tally went off, and the contents was
lodged in the pit of Morgan's stomach.
The wounded man was carried home,
and lingered until yesterday morn
ing, when he died. An inquest wai
held by Coroner Walker; and th(
jury returned a verdict that th,e de
ceased came to his death by a mus
ket in the hands of Williams, ant
"by misfortune and contrary to hil
We had occasion, lately, to dir ec
attention to the grant of a patent t<
one of our citizens, for an improvet
method of smelting Iron. Again w<
find another for an improvement ii
the "fine arts." Dr. Reynolds, o
this city, as will be Boen by an adver
tisemont elsewhero, has received i
patent for an important improvemen
in the construction of artificial teeth
This speaks well for the ability o
scientific, practical men of our com
munity, and we rejoice to seo it
existing talent drawn out by force o
circumstances, or in any way. W
have seen specimens of the inven
tion immediately referred to, an?
from the familiarity we possess ii
such matters, as to ourselves nm
family connections, do not hesitat
to pronounce this improvement a:
entire success, calculated, as it is, t
obviate the annoyance experience'
by those unfortunate enough to hav
had trial of the present modo of sur
plying lost teeth. The well-estal
lished professional reputation of Di
Reynolds entitles whatever ho ma
vouch for to tho confidence c
his professional brethren abroad, a
it certainly will command that c
practitioners of our own and neigl
boring States. It is always cheerin
to us to record improvement an
progress. Go on-who comes uoxt
SERIOUS DIFFICULTT AT Fon
MOTTE.-We learn that a difficult
occurred Thursday morning, betweo
Mr. Diedrich Hane and a freedrunr.
in which tho latter was shot and 8(
vorely wounded. There was cons:
dorablo excitement among the freet
men in tho neighborhood, and th
military commander was t?l?graphe
to, who sent a company down t
preserve tho peace. When the
arrived, they found that the disturl
ance had been quieted, and that Mi
Haue had been arrested by a civ
officer and conveyed to Orangebur
jail, to await the result of the wound
of tho freedman. Tho company r<
turned last night, with tho exceptio
of an officer and ten men, wh
were left to quell any further dil
tnrbanoo that might arise.
MAIL ARRANGEMENTS.-Tho poi
offico open during tho week from SJ
a. m. to 6 p. m. On Sundays, froi
\yi to ?Aj p. m.
Tho Charleston and Western mail
aro open for delivery at 2 p. m., tin
closo at 0 a. m.
Northern-Open for doli very c
10,'? a. m., closes nt 1 p. m.
Groonville-Open for delivery at
p. m., closes at 8 p. m.
DELICIOUS FRUIT.-Maj. D. D.
Fenley, of this District, will accept
our thanks for several fine specimens
of oranges and lemons, grown in the
"land of flowers," Florida-from
which State he has jost returned.
DANCING SCHOOL.-Mr. J. H. Bai?
ley, the veteran dancing master and
theatrical manager, will commence
the indoctrination of a class of little
folks in the mysteries of the Terpsi?
chorean art, at Nickerson's Hotel,
this afternoon, at half-past 3 o'clock.
His terms are modorate.
I. O. O. F.-The following officors
elect, iu Palmetto Lodge No. 5, I. O.
O. F., ?oie installed^ last evening, to
serve the ensniug term:
Jacob Hnssung. N. G.; M. Gold?
smith, V. G.; F. W. Pape,Secretary;
John Stork, Treasurer.
OCR LITERART AND FASHION EX?
CHANGES.-The new year being con?
sidered a proper season for subscrib?
ing, we appeud a list of periodicals
and newspapers-with which we ex?
change-aud can recommeud them to
our readers, as being the very best, in
their several departments:
DcBow's Monthly Review.-B. G.
Barnwell and Edwin Q. Bell, editors.
Agricultural, commercial and indus?
trial progress and resources. 80
Broadway, New York. Terms $6 per
Putnam" s Monthly Magazine-Of
literature, science, art and national
interests. TermsSi per annum. G. P.
Putnam & Co., pubhshers, New York.
The Land We Love. Published
monthlv, by Gen. D. H. Hill, Char?
lotte, N. C.
DJS Modcnxccll-An illuatruted ma?
gazine of fashions and fancy work.
Published monthly, at $3, by S. T.
Taylor, 349 Canal street, Now York.
Le Bon Ton-Journal de Modes.
Monthly report of Paris fashions.
87 per annum. S. T. Taylor, 349
Canal street, New York.
The Galaxy-An illustrated maga?
zine of entertaining reading. Pub?
lished monthly, at 83.50, by W. C. Sc
F. P. Church, No. 39 Park Bow, New
Demorcst's Monthly Magazine-The
Ladies' Literary Conservator, and
Mad. Demorest's Mirror of Fashion.
Terms 83. W. Jennings Demorest,
publisher, New York.
Demorest's Young America-a splen?
didly illustrated monthly magazine
for boys and girls. Published by W.
J. Demorest, at 81.50 per annum.
Frank Leslie's Chimney Corner. A
weekly illustrated paper. Published
by Frank Leslie, at $4 per annum.
Hie Metropolitan Record and' 2?cw
York Vindicator. John Mulally, 424
Broome street Terms $4 per an?
NEW Ajm'.r.TiSKMJ-.STa.- Attenuon :s call?
ed to thu following advertisement*, pub?
lished thin morning for Ih? um time:
Meetinp Eutaw Encampment.
Wm. lteynoldi), M. D.-In the Prot'esdion.
EiHh?r A Lowrance-Notice, Ac.
The recent check robbery in New
York was not for plunder, but for
signatures, which have, doubtless,
been neatly photographed and will
probably soon make their appearance
on forged paper.
A party of spiritualists, who have
been boring for oil, at Chicago, under
the direction of a medium, struck
inflammable gas at a depth of 800 feet,
and their woll is now spouting flame
which they cannot extinguish.
Mrs. Christine Barclay, who was
born in Philadelphia, in February,
17*35, died in Bullitt County, Ky., a
few days since. She was a very activo
old lady, and danced on the hundredth
anniversary of her birth.
Before the first elevated railroad
in New York is practically tested,
there is already a company formed
to build another to run by means of
dummy engines, tho pillars to be of
Seven more men aro missing in
Chicago. Eleven citizens have thus
far mysteriously disappeared within
the past three weeks. Nice place,
Tho scientific men inform ns that
light which left stars of the twelfth
magnitude, when tho Israelites oross
ed the Bed Sea, has not yet roached
A female Kasper Hauser has been
discovered on one of the coal barges
of the Seine. Tho girl of a high
family has been kept hidden in the
hold of the vessel for six years.
Thero is now unbroken railroad
communication from New York to
tho Rooky Mountains, a distance of
nearly 2,000 miles.
A fire occurred in Cincinnati on the
27th, which destroyed 9,01)0 barrels
Wm. B. Astor pays 8-100,000 city
tax, and A. T. Stewart follows with
80,000.000 of peoplo crossed thc
Now York ferries last year.
Chicago has had 333 divorces \<>
4,182 marriages tho past year.
Commodoro Vanderbilt pays .^loO
in gold per ton for his steel rails.
Tho First National Bank of Lay
City, Michigan, has failed badly.