Newspaper Page Text
Thursday Morning, January 9.1868.
Sensation Ciphering. .
The annual meetings of Oongreas
of late years have been remarkable
for prodigious displays of statistical
arithmetic by the head and hands of
the Finance Department and bureaus
of tho Government, aided by very
liberal contributions from outsiders.
Two years ago, the Sooretary of the
Treasury fixed upon a period of thir?
ty-two years for the liquidation of
the debt, by the application of the
sum of $200,000,000 per annum to
its principal and interest. In this
suggestion, ?here was no attempt to
adjust the burden to the growing
ab?ity of tho country to bear it.
Neither increase of wealth, nor of
population was taken into the calcu?
lation. In his last report, he sub?
mits a proposition, credited to "a
very intelligent gentleman of Massa?
chusetts," showing how, by a regalar
and uniform assessment of $8.60 per
capita per annum, the debt and inte?
rest may be provided for, and a com?
plete extinguishment effected in
seventeen years from date, beginning
with an appropriation of $175,000,
000 for the purpose in 1868, and
winding up the process with $266,
000,000 in 1884. This last project of
the Secretary, it will be observed, by
increasing the agony, lessens the
period of torture from his former
notion of thirty-two years to seven?
teen. Contraction everywhere-con?
traction of the currency, of the debt,
and of its duration-a tonio contrac?
tion, promising a general lock-jaw as
soon as his system spreads over the
body corporate. But it is not these
schemes and their workings, but the
fantastic statistical figurings em?
ployed in theso demonstrations, that
just now occupies attention. The
grand total of the debt is now ex?
pressed in billions-a word so new in
the political arithmetic of the United
States, that few compass the height
and depth, the length and breadth of
its meaning; but the amateur cipher?
ers let loose by this magnificent sub?
ject, and tho problems which it in?
volves, seem to make nothing of
figures running to ten, eleven or
twelve places. Moreover, they are
as minute in exactitude as they are
sublime in magnitudo-calculations
at once telescopic in sweep and mi?
croscopic in detail, of which wo have
the finest oxamplo extant in the late
encyclical letter of the late Secretary
of the Treasury, Hon. Robort J.
Walker. It concerns him, it seems,
somehow, to forecast the wealth of
the nation for tho next generation or
two, and with a robust confidence in
ratios, averages and per centages, he
goes to work at tho calculation of
predictions of tho greatest propor?
tions ever revealed to a benighted
world. He gets his ratio of tho na?
tion's growth in wealth from tho
census of 1860. The rate in tho
immediately preceding ten years, it
appears by that authority, was 126
per cent. ; and assuming this increase
for tho next coming four decades, his
multiplication table takes tho respon?
sibility of putting the national
assets in Anno Domini 1900 at
the sum of $423,388,439,2S8. This
neat little sum is just twenty-six
and a half times the wealth of tho
Union, in real and personal property,
in tho year 1860, according to census
valuation, which Mr. Walker unre?
servedly accepts. An increase of
twenty-six and a half times in forty
years, is not bad for a new country;
but it is as nothing to tho results of
another score of years' increase, cal?
culated by tho same rato that the
ex-Secretary so courageously adopts.
Four hundred and twentythree bil?
lions, increased at the rate of eight and
a half per cont, per annum, compound
for twenty years, will give just two
Ih?ubuud one hundred and sixty bil?
lions, or two trillions one hundred
and sixty billions of capital wealth in
the blessed year 1920, which anybody
not over seventeen years old now may
livo to soe.
Tho Philadelphia Ledger proceeds
to show how this looks when split up
into moro comprehensible concep?
tions. Wo woro worth $16,000,000,
000 seven years ago; fifty-thrco years
henco wo shall bo worth just one
hundred and thirty-fives times as
much. Upon this better demonstra?
tion of Mr. Walker's rulo, may wo
not turn proudly upon the world' and
say: Judge us by our maturity, not
by our mere infancy. Between the
ydars 1850 and I860, we doubled our
wealth only once in eight years and
a half;; wait only till 1920, and we
shall havo added on the average an?
other 816,000,000,000 to our princi?
pal, a good deal oftener than once
every six months-months, do we
say? Lu every month of that sixtieth
year hence, we will pile up a clean
increase of $15,300,000,000, aud so
ou for ages, till figures fail to expresa
and imagination to conceive the
grand sam total of our inventoried
opulence! lu the figures quoted,
Mr. Walker runs his rule thirty-three
years a&ead, bul Lu ?Low that ho does
not flinch from any legitimate re?
sults, he himself gives the increase of
the thirty-fourth year at $42,000,000,
000-one single year's growth nearly
three times SB great as our total capi?
tal wealth in 1860! If he had tried
his rule of doubling every eight and
a half years backward, he would have
found that we have only increased
about seven times in 100 years,
which is something less than one
hundred and thirty-five times in six?
ty years, the rate of progress which
he promises us in the future. But
who ever thought of making calcula?
tions in statistics like those of
eclipses-work backwards as well ns
forwards! We have done our best to
help our readors to a just apprehen?
sion of these stupendous figures; we
have put up scaffoldings and gang?
ways for their ascending thoughts,
and now we dare them to look over
the railings-wo mean the balustrade,
not the badinage-of tho top terrace
to which we have helped them, awoy
down from the giddy height of tril?
lions, through billions, millions,
thousands, hundreds, tens and units,
to the base sum whioh they can com?
prehend, count and carry in theil
pookets, bank books or understand?
Gold and legal tenders are corni UL
into collision, and the question will
have to be settled without delny,
because tho balanoo cannot reniait
in its present uneven condition mud
longer without seriously affecting thc
commercial interests of the whoh
oountry. The question will have ti
be settled, too, upon the basis o
common sense. For instance, whei
it is contracted that liabilities shal
be met in gold, they should be liquid
ute tl in that materiel, just tho 6am<
as if it was contracted that the;
should bo liquidated in cotton, o
any other substance. But if tho cou
tract contains no such specification
then it follows naturally that th
debt shall be liquidated in money
which moans tho legal tender of th
country. This is the common sens
view of the matter, and this view
there is little doubt, tho courts wi
take of the subject, when it come
before them for final adjudication.
ELMIRA.-The North is so niue
absorbod with its own living misery
that it has ceased to torment tL
ghosts of Andorsonville. It sti
hints, however, at Confederate ba:
bari ty and Yankee generosity. TL
latest fabrication is about our dca
at Elmira. The radical press copie
a report that on*: of 5,000 prisonoi
at Elmira, only six died during thr<
months. Tho Elmira Gazette giv<
the official figures, which show tba
out of 5,000 prisoners, 884 died wit!
in three months, and 1,311 withi
At tho Commissoiner's sole, i
Fairfield, on Monday, tho followir.
sales took place:
152 acres fair ootton land, sold f<
852-throe years' timo.
250 acres of land, on which was
house that cost at least $2,000, wi
sold for $280, on three years' time.
GOO acres-one of the best oottc
plantations in Fairfield-sold for j
per acre-ono, two and five year
Now is tho time for Northern cap
talists and emigrants to come
South Carolina, as land is so chea
? ? ? ?
Speaking of tho woather, the Cha
lesion Mercury says:
' 'So far this season wo have had on
one or two cold days, and tho mi
term sinco Christmas, has started <
tho early fruit trees and plants. Tl
young Gf;s aro making their appen
ance, ar_d scores of peach trees
private gardens havo been in fi
bloom for a week past, while up tl
King street road, at tho garden fart
of Messrs. ThomaB Lynch, Geo. ?\
Martin and others, green pea i a
Th? Southern UrlleT Question-Con?
sideration* for Congress.
Congress must do soinothing to
mitigate Southern distress. Exagge?
ration there may be in tho published
reports, as to the condition of the
freedmen and large numbers of the
whites; but the substratum of fact is
too broad and too deep to allow of
denial. Eren thoso who allege that
the statements of distress are in ex?
cess of tho actual truth, admit that
prospectively they are probably cor?
rect. Outside help is, therefore, in?
dispensable, if the country is not pre?
pared to permit starvation to do its
work un cheek ed; and considerations
of economy, as well as of humanity,
suggest the expediency of grappling
at once, with a difficulty, which pro?
crastination would render infinitely
W^rc thc question simply ono of
relief, it would be only necessary to
determine the precise nature and ex?
tent of the emergency, and tho best
means of rendering whatever relief
might be required. These points
como up now, and will have to be
settled when Congress enters upon
the question practically. But they
are not unlikely to be encumbered
with extraneous issues. Politics will
invade the domain of philanthropy.
Partizan contingencies will make
themselves felt where prudent chari?
ty alone should rule. The question
will be invested with "loyal" and
with "rebel" aspects. Just as aid
toward rebuilding tho levees of Lou?
isiana aud Mississippi, was frustrated
by politicians on tho ground that
these States were not up to the radi?
cal standard in respect to loyalty, so
we expect to hear of all manuer of
reservations and provisos designed to
prevent "rebel advantages" in the
distribution of help. Destitute
blacks will, of coarse, in these con?
ditions, out-rank the destitute whites.
I And there will be a strong effort to
j defeat propositions for utilizing re?
sident Southerners in any plan of as?
sistance for the planters. The possi?
ble complexion of impending elec
; tions, and tho possible need of all the
appliances which Congress may com?
mand to securo reconstruction in
time for tho Presidential vote, are
matters which will not be over-looked
when any scheme of relief invites
Nothing is more certain, however,
than the mischief which any further
attempts to mnkc pets of the freed?
men will involve. The nation did
owe a great deal to them, we admit.
It assumed a temporary guardianship
over them when it deprived them of
the care and direction which were
incident to slavery. But tho obliga?
tion is not perpetual, except iu rela?
tion to their rights. Civil equality
they were entitled to; political equal?
ity they have got; and they may also
claim protection against starvation
pending the organization of the new
system of labor. They aro not for
this reason to be encouraged in the
belief that they are permanent pen?
sioners upon tho nation's bounty-as
many (if them have been led to con?
clude. And it is against this error
that Congress should carefully guard.
Tho opportunity should not be lost
for teaching the freedmeu that eman?
cipation was not the prelude to ti
gigantio system of pauperism, or to
any system of protection in reference
either to tho conditions or rewards ol
The lesson is required. Tho ope
rations of tho Freedmen's Bureat
and the bearings of tho Reconstrnc
tion Acts have been calculated tc
impress these untutored people witt
the notion that they may obtain al
they waut by asking for it. We art
not impugning the legitimate work o
the Bureau. For certain purposes
it has doubtless been valuable, ant
as a guido rather than as a provider
its continuance for some time longe
may bo desirable But tho tendency
of its iuiluenco has been to encou
rago tho freedmen in tho delusioi
that they may for all time roly upoi
tho Government, instead of trustin|
to themselves. The political powe
conferred upou them by Congres
has served to strengthen this impres
sion. Both causes eomhiued may 1>
supposed to bavo hud not a little ti
do with tho generally unprofitabl
character of their last year's labor
They did neither as much nor os wei
as formerly, ?.nd their prevailing wan
of thrift explains tho attitudo o
pauperism which they exhibit in th
cotton-growing States. It is, there
fore, of the utmost importance tba
tho relief to be afforded this seasoi
shall bo used os an auxiliary in disci
plining the freedmen to tho stead;
faithful labor which is, with them
the solo alternative of pauperism
The country, we doubt not, wi
cheerfully, and with needful libera:
ity, provide for their present irami
nont necessities, but it is not iu
dined to maintain them in laziness
or to encourage expectations whic
point to shiftlessness and beggary.
The most wholesome help, thor
which Congress can give to the freed
mon is in tho form of work. Whor
Government must take actual charg
of this class, owing to a surplus c
labor, from whatever cause, tho Bi
reau should allot so much food as th
pay for so much work. Every local
ty does not present facilities for en
ployment on public works; bi
where these exist, as in tho neighboi
hood of tho Mississippi and Be
Rivers, they should bo turned to a<
count in connection with aid furniBl
ed through tho Bureau. lu oth(
Districts, arrangements are Barely
possible, in conjunction with local
municipal authority, for employing
the labor at tho command of. the
Burean in public improvements, of
which, since the war, every part of
the ?outh is in urgent need. The
best of all labor, however, is that
which the farmers and planters fur?
nish and direct. In no other shape
will it be so economical or so imme?
diately productive. The difficulty in
this case is that tho planters aro un?
able to employ the freedmen uuless
they are themselves aided by Con?
gress, by loan, or by the repayment
of last year's cotton tax. The former
plan, as we attempted to show, is
open to almost insuperable objec?
tions, and the latter can scarcely be
hoped for uuless the Senate be moro
liberal And mnro prompt thuu il hu?
been in regard to the measure which
awaits its action.
No finer opeuiug can occur for the
industrial reconstruction of the South
at tho hands of Congress. Planters
and freedmen-both are all but help?
less, if the Government come not to
their relief. Indirectly, iudeed, it
may assist in the cultivation of the
next crop, by taking as security for
advances to the freedmen a lien upon
their iuterest. Such a proceediug,
although better than inaction, would
bo Hubie to the objection that it in?
terferes with the relation of employer
aud employed, and lessens the vigi?
lant supervision and just authority
on the ono hand, and the faithful
service on the other, which are essen?
tial to profit. By enabling the plauter
to make his own arrangements, and
to cultivate his land in his own way
-subject iu one or two respects to
tho approval of the Bureau-the
return of the South to prosperity
would be promoted, and a founda?
tion laid for its future system of
labor. How far it would foster the
success of the Congressional recon?
struction plan, wo undertake uot to
guess. But it would assuredly dis?
pel some fears and many misappre?
hensions, and would promote kindly
feelings and the healthy enterprise
which are essential to genuine recon?
struction.-New York Times.
OFF WITH THE SHACKLES.-It is
quite time that Congress should cease
its ebony legislation, and do a little
deceut aud timely legislating for the
whito masses of the country. With?
out desiriug to uuduly obtrude our?
selves upon the attention of the
honorable body of American repre?
sentative-?, we would respectfully re?
mind it that there are not less than
100,000 unemployed men and women
in tho United States nt this moment,
who aro entitled to their earnest and
instant consideration-mon and wo?
men who are suffering tho most dis?
tressing privations in consequence of
uuwise, ill-advised and illiberal legis?
lation. It is not unnatural that this
vast host of homeless starvelings
should begin to ask the grave ques?
tion-why are we without work and
food? And sooner or later the ques?
tion must bo met and answered.
And when that time comes, we opine
Congress will havo no reason to con?
gratulate itself. These men and wo?
men aro without emplovment ou the
same principle that millions of tons
of American shipping are to-day
lying idle and rotting at the piers of
our city. Prohibitory tariffs, custom
and intornal revenue, are at the bot?
tom of tho mischief. These, like so
many slave chains, shackle tho indus?
trial interests of tho country, aud
throttlo its vitality and progress. Off
with tho shackles! gentlemen of Con?
gress, and give our hungry masses
bread, and our ships freight. No
matter if Now England shirtings fall
ten couts a yard; so much tho better
for the people-and the capitalists
can take care of themselves. Havo
dono with prohibition and protection
whining, gentlemen, and open the
doors of trade, so that the poor man
may have a good coat as well as tho
rich mau, and let none seek in vain
Away with your miserable, petty,
dwarfed high-tariff schemes, and
give us impost and internal revenue
duties which will not ruin our com?
merce, or starve our poople. Give
ns, wo beseech you, gentlemen of
Congress, some slight assuranco that
you aro still susceptible to the dictates
of dcccucy and reason; and off with
thc shackles.-New York Citizen.
A party of spiritualists who have
been making undo demonstrations in
Newark, N. J., are all declared to be
partially insane by tho doctors. Tho
chief of thom, a man named McEwen,
declared himself Jesus Christ, and
demanded to bo crucified; while Mrs.
Keoves, tho oldest woman of the
party, believes herself to be either
Eve or tho Virgin Mary. They were
in the habit of haranguing multitudes
on the doctrine of spiritualism from
their door-steps while in a nade state.
They aro all at present in tho station
SnciDE.-Wo are informed that
Miss Lucy Gray, who lived about
twelve miles abovo this place, com?
mitted suicide, by hanging herself,
on tho 22d ult., in the chamber in
which she slept. The room was oc?
cupied by others at the time, but
they wcro asleep aud know nothing
of her sad death until morning. A
jury of iuquest was held by T. P.
Gaston, Esq., acting as coroner, who
returned a vordict in accordance with
the above facts.-Carolina Spartan.
CASH-PAY UP.-From au tl after
January 1, 1808, the cash system will
ba strictly enforced. Persons who
are now indebted for subscriptions,
and who wish their papere continued,
will confer a favor by paying up at
once. Those who fail will have their
?papera discontinued. Cash will also
be required for all advertisements.
Persons forwarding advertisements
from a distance, must send a remit?
tance. Job work cash on delivery.
POSTPONED.-Owing to the unset?
tled weather, the lecture by Dr.
Reynolds, which wag to have been
delivered on the 2d inst., iu the Uni?
versity Chapel, was postponed uutil
this (Thursday) evening, at half-past
The January number of the South?
ern Cultivator, published in Athens,
Georgia, has just come to hand. It
is a valuable addition to the periodi?
cal collection of any Southern farm?
er. The terms are $1 for six months.
A SUDDEN DEATH.-Mrs. M. V.
Hicks, (widow of AV. B. Hicks, who
was killed by Wm. D. Morris, several
years ago,) died very suddenly Tues?
day last, aud under peculiar circum?
stances. Coroner Thos. P. Walker
was notified of the matter, and after
obtaining the particularsof the affair,
summoned a jury of inquest. One of
tho witnesses testified that on Tues
duy morning, the deceased complain?
ed of severe pains in the back of the
head, and about tho heart and sto?
mach; aud partook of some spirits,
in order to relieve this excruciating
pam; as she rapidly grew worse,
a physician was called, who prescrib?
ed for her; but death ensued a short
time after. By direction of the jury
of inquest, a post mortem examination
of the body was made by Dr. W. P.
Geiger, assisted by Dr. John Lynch,
who reported that "her death was
caused from an inordinate collection
of gall-stones in the gall-bladder,
which produced cougestiou of the
liver and adjacent parts."
Twenty-two gall-stones, each about
an inch iu circumference, encased in
a sort of bag, were taken from tho pit
of the stomach of the unfortunate
woman. Dr. Tweedie, in his "Dis?
sertations on Diseases of the Diges?
tive, Urinary and Uterine Organs,"
speaks as follows of this matter:
"Biliary calculi may remain iu the
gall-bladder, without occasioning
pain, or any other symptom, and
have frequently been found, in that
situation, in dead bodies, when their
existence was unsuspected during
life. Sometimes, however, they oc?
casion a dull pain, which may in?
crease on motion or after food, and
in sonic instances the pain is very
severe. The pain which usually at?
tends the passing of a biliary concre?
tion along tho gall-ducts, is often in?
tenso. It is generally seated in the
pit of the stomach, extending to tho
right hypochondrium aud back, and
recurring in frequent paroxysms like
labor pains. Tho sufferings of the
patient are of the most acute and
agonizing description. Intervals of
comparative easo succeed these
paroxysms, but there generally re?
mains a dull, o', ii uso pain in thc epi?
gastric region, from which thoso of a
more acuto character appear to pro?
TUE SOUTHERN GIFT ENTERPRISE.
By tho following extract, from an
article published iu tho New York
Time/, it would appear that a num?
ber of our citizens havo been de?
frauded, by tho "bursting up" of an
enterprise in which they had invest?
ed sums varying from two to nine
"Tho public mind is just now con?
siderably exercised in regard to the
status and probable result of certain
'gift enterprises,' tho managers of
which promise their patrons abun?
dant profit for their small invest?
ments, by setting forth a long list of
glittoriug prizes, which generally
consist of 'magnificent farms,' 'ele?
gant mansions,' 'splendid diamonds,'
'cosh prizes,' 'valuable oil paintings,'
and 'premiums' with other attractive
and high sounding titles.
"For some months a 'Grauil award
of premiums by tho Ladies' Society,
in aid of the Suffering and Destitute
of tho South,' has been extensively
advertised as being about to take
placo at No. 845 Broadway. The
Executive Committeo of this concern
j wero announced aa Mrs. L. Brooks,
Mrs. C. Wadsworth, Mrs. D. Mills,
Mrs. E. S. Adams, Mrs. H. Sherman,
Mrs. M. Duncan, Miss Maria Moul?
ton and Jamos Clark, who wero to bo
assisted by tho following oflicors*
Mrs. Harlow Mather, Secretary; H.
Hartmau, Treasurer; F.H.Norton,
"In order to lend an air of respect
ability to tho 'enterprise,' tho adver
tisement, so extensively circulated,
j contained a long list of well known
ladies, who each agreed to net as tho
'Honorary Committee.' Among these
I names are those of Mrs. L. W. Je
vome, Mrs. W. B. Astor, Mrs. August
Belmont and others. The committee
also included the names of all the
District Commanders, as well as Go?
vernors of ten or twelve States.
"We understand, by information
received at police headquarters, that
the whole affair is a 'swindle from bo
ginniug to end,' and thc exphiuatiou
is this: A number of philanthropic
ladies in this city organized a society
immediately after the news of the ut?
ter destitution prevailiug in the South
roached tho North. This society was
intended to aid in the grand move?
ment for roliof then organized in all
thc States, and was presided over by
Mrs. James J. Roosevelt, who was
ably aided by an energetio board of
vice-presidents and committees.
Scarcely had this Ladies' Society for
the Aid of the Destitute of the South
fairly commenced operations, when
tho gift enterprise just alluded to
made its appearance. Handbills aud
circulars were scattered broadcast
throughout the land, und the result
was that the original society found
themselves followed by a gigantic
shadow, which derived oil its shape
and movement from their efforts.
"We have been unable to ascertain
whether any of the ladies and gentle?
men, so prominently mentioned as
lending their influence to the enter?
prise, really did give permission for
this use of their names or not. , lu
some instances the police have ascer?
tained that names of several have
been used without even asking per?
mission. Tho report of tho police
regarding some of the Executive
Committee and the officers of, this so
called society is quite unfavorable
we do not feel called upon to say
more. Since the enterprise has been
started, a dozen rumors have been rife
regarding it; one was that the Trea?
surer had absconded, and another
was that the police had interfered,
and so broken up the affair, with
others of a similar import. Exactly
how many tickets have been sold will
probably never be known, but it is
very certain that the greater part of
the holders will not receive any re?
turn whatever, while the prizes
even should they bo distributed-will
not bo found to represent the value
specified in the billa."
The proprietor of the Phienix, as
an act of justice to himself, deems it
necessary to make a statement of the
canses which induced him to agree
to dispose of tickets in this so-called
gift enterprise. During a business
visit to New York, in June last, the
subject was broached by individuals
in whom he had confidence-one of
them a gentleman from Abbeville
District, and another a latter day re?
sident of Columbia; the object stated
being to dispose of 300,000 tickets,
at 82 each, aud to distribute prizes
valued at 8300,000-leaving a margin
of $200,000 profit, after deducting
tho necessary expenses, which was to
be distributed among the different
Southern States. The first prize-a
house in Fifth Avenue-was de?
signated. The parties proceeded to
the residence of the acting secretary
of the Ladies' Southern Relief Asso?
ciation, in Fifth Avenue; and after
some conversation, the proposition
was made to insert an advertisement
in the Phoenix, tickets to be accepted
as pay for tho same; and also to take
a number to dispose of in Columbia,
for tho beucfit of tho society-ali of
which was agreed to. The adver?
tisements and circulars, contain?
ing the names of man}* of tho first
families of New . York, were dis?
tributed freely about the Northern
Stated; and it really appears very
singular why those parties allowed
their names to bo used, without pub?
lishing a denial of tho authority.
Remittances from the salo of tickets
were mado to Bentley, Clark & Co.,
Washington-in which city it was
stated the drawing would come off,
during the month of August last.
In consequence, os was 3tated, of all
the tickets not having been disposed
of, the drawing was postponed; the
dull times caused a still further post?
ponement. Nothing definite has
since been heaad of the matter, ex?
cept tho ;ibove publication in tho
Times-which it is hoped will prove
to Lave been exaggerated.
MAIXI AKIUNQEAIENTS.-The post
office open during the week from 8)<j
a. m. to G p. m. On Sundays, from
\% to 2i? p. m.
The Charleston and Western mails
are open for delivery at 2 p. m., and
close at 9 a. m.
Northern-Open for delivery at
101? a. m., closes at 1 p. m.
Greenville-Open for delivery at 3
p. m., closes at 8 p. m.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Attention is call?
ed to thc following advertisementn, pub?
lished this morning for the first time
Fisher & Lowrance-Empty Sack?.
I Kentucky Mules at Logan's Stable*.
Loeturo at the University.
\ Tarado of Independent I ire Company.
D. C. 1'oixotto A Sou-Aucti'M- Salo.