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Tuesday Morning, February 4,
The Africanization of the South.
The enormity of (he attempt which
is "being made by those now acci?
dentally in possession of the power
?ad/ ?aaohinery of Government to
.circumvent the American people and
avert ?he re-assertion of (heir right?
ful authority, has never been more
clearly exposed than in the thorough
?????lyt<ia made in the speech, of Mr.
JBaokalew, in the Senate, on Wednes?
day-a speech which strips the pro?
ject of usurpation of all the false
pretexts with whioh it has been
?ought to disguise ita over-reaching
purposes. Notwithstanding a ma?
jority of nearly two millions of white
population in the South is shown in
HM cen sn s returns of 1860, the regis?
tered blacks, under the Congres
monal process of reconstruction, out?
number the registered whites in five,
at least, of the ''outside" States.
These five States are Mississippi,
louisiana, Alabama, Florida and
South Carolina; while in Georgia the
number of whites and blacks is about
wqual-an aggregate majority of
?bout 78,000 blacks registered in the
niae States. Mr. Buckalow gives an
?-explanation of the means by which a
black minority in the South obtains
the preponderance, which is by re?
gistering all the blacks and excluding
all the whites possible. Instead of
there being but 50,000 of the whites
disfranchised, as stated by Senator
Morton, of Indiana, Mr. Buckalow
says it can bo proved by a compari?
son of the census returns, and by a
.comparison of the returns of elec?
tions in the Southern States, that
300,000 of the white men of the
-South had been disfranchised, and
included in this disfranchisement
there were as many constabas as the
Senator from Indiana said were dis?
franchised altogether. The disfran?
chising clauses are retrospective, not
emly affecting those who held civil
offices during the war, but all those
who had ever held an office in the
Southern States. In addition to this,
the l?econstruction Conventions have
power to impose test oaths, as that of
Alabama has done, which may have
the effect of excluding from the bal?
lot-box a majority of even the regis?
tered white voters. The practical
?effect of this is to reduce the white
majority of population in the South
to the rule of a black minority, the
object being to perpetuate the politi?
es! ascendancy of the dominant party
in Congress. Mr. Buckalow, in the
amme speech, refers to a statement he
han prepared of the votes given in
tho States represented in Congress at
the last elections in those States, in
eluding Tennessee, by which it ap?
pears that the Republican vote
amounted to 2,134,554, and tb* De?
mocratic vote to 2,019,169-showing
a Republican majority of but 115,385
out of a total vote of 4,153,733. By
th? rule of proportion, the majority
nought to have 28 votes in the Senate,
-and the minority 26-instead of
which the minority has but 10 mem?
bers and the majority 43, and the
?anse proportion prevails in the other
?house. Whilst, under our present
representative system, a minority,
however nearly it approximates the
mmerical strength of the majority,
lay be deprived of all representa
-a defect whioh, in a former
|ech, Mr. Buckalow proposed to
by personal representation or
dative suffrage-he refors tho
|t glaring inequality in the
tho inequality of popula
>me of the States, and to the
Lof communities to repre
the Senate which were
^to it by their numbors
ming to swell the radical
the Senate. With tho
(. .->'.?*. . -. '.
same object, whilst thinly-peopled
Territories of the West are admitted,
the ?Wfcs ipi thiSattth aVe k?j>t oat
till they can oojtne^in with tho ap?
proved political complexion.
??lheee facts certainly show,vin the
language of Ur. Buckalow, a very
"uurepublican state of affairs/' and
result in enabling "a few extreme
radicals, really representing'a small
minority of the people, to shape the
whole destinies of the country."
With this result Rn ob--?r!7 2G??UI1
struted by Mr. Buokolew, is it not
(the Baltimore Sun asks) the very
height of audaoity in the party now
temporarily holding power, to endea?
vor to perpetuate their minority go?
vernment by such measures aa the
disfranchising registration Ants and
the Acts to reconstruct reconstruo
tion, the bill requiring two-thirds of
the Supreme Court to pronounce any
of its laws unconstitutional, the bill
lookiug to a suspension of public
officers during a trial upon impeach?
ment, and the plaoing the army at
tho command of the court of im?
peachment; the bill empowering the
Presidert of the Senate, in cases
where he shall succeed in tho Chief
Magistracy, to hold over beyond the
time for which he shall have been
elected as Senator-all evincing a
consciousness that its purposes aro
revolutionary, usurping nnd subver?
sive of the institutions o? the coun?
try and tho will of tho people.
SAMBO'S SAFEGUARDS.-That Sam?
bo's consideration for number ono is
paramount to even other govern ment?
al provision, is shown by the resolu?
tion relative to expunging the terms
"Yankee" and "negro," introduced in
the South Carolina Reconstruction
Convention, a few days ago; and the
offioial oath decided upon by the
I Louisiaua Convention, the main fea?
ture of which is the obligation to
make no effort to strip Sambo of any
of his new honors. It reminds us
very much of the conventional obli?
gation generally entered into at bap?
tism, "to renounce the devil and all
his works," an engagement always
assumed, but seldom, if ever, lived
up to. The New Orleans Times re?
minds Sambo, that if the tenure of
his franchise, rests only on that, its
duration will be short indeed. He
must cultivate other claims, demon?
strate his actual necessity to the wel?
fare of the country, and enlarge his
capacity both in intelligence and in?
dustry, before he can hopo for any
security in his new fledged privi?
leges. The fragile paper safeguard
offered him by the carpet-baggers,
emblazoned with a mere formal oath,
will be found as powerless and worth?
less as their mendicant political
poverty. Is this tho sum of his
greatness? a flimsy crown of straw
"paper for battledores."
THURLOW WEED TEARS HIS HAIR.
Thurlow Weed seems to despair ol
tho Republican party. Ho says
"Tho loss of half our strength, in t
singlo year, ought to open tho oyes oj
those who are responsible for th(
welfare of the party. But it doei
not. A leading radical at Washing
ton said to n conservative Republi
can, last week, that the object o:
Congress was to secure tho vote o:
tho ton rebel States for its Presiden
tial candidate, and that if tho Sn
prcmo Court stood in the way, iti
teeth would be drawn, and that if th<
President interfered, he would b<
impeached. Hence we said, what w<
repent with all the emphasis tha
language oau impart to tho warning
that 'Congress is hazarding the losi
of twenty white States for the con
trol of the ton blaok ones.' " ,.
THREE IN ONE.-The Mobile Times
Register and Advertiser and Evenim
News have been merged into one pa
per-the "Mobile Register"
Interesting to Merchant*.
The following lotter, in roferonco
to taxes to be collected on aale?, will
be read with interest by oar mer?
chants and business men:
HBADQ'BS. 2D Murr ARV Darr.,
CH?B??5StoN, ?. O.,
January 28, 1868.
Wm. 3. Hastie, Esq.. Sheriff Charlea
inri District, Charleston, 8. 0.
SIB: Beferring to your communica?
tion of December 20, 1867? I am in?
structed by the Commanding General
to reply to. your inq?iriQc ?wl?o-o.
Iou inquire, "where goods were
sold ou commission in 1866, and set?
tled for, previous to the passage of
the Aet of 1866, is 20 cents on the
$100 to be collected, or not?"
Although your inquiry is confined
to oases of sales on commission,
where the proceeds were accounted
for before the passage of the Act, the
reply is applicable to all other cases
embraced under the clause in ques?
Assuming the facts, ont of whioh
?our inquiry grows, to be as stated
y you, and it appears that, during
the year 1866, prior to the passage
of the Act raieing revenue for the
year 1867, there was no law in opera?
tion subjecting to taxation transac?
tions of the class referred to by yon,
but that by the last preceding Act
on the subject, the rate of taxation
was fixed at 20 cents on ti e $100.
In this case tho proper amount to
collect is 20 cents on the $100, that
being the amount fixed by the last
law preceding that of December, 1866.
Your secoud inquiry is as follows:
"Merchants having done business
continuously on their own account,
or for account of others, during 1866,
delivering their goods ns they sold
them, aro they to pay the tax of De?
cember, I860, ns passed by tho Le?
gislature, or is their tax to be scaled
down to 20 cents on tho 8100, or is
no tax to be collected?"
Merchants doing business on their
own account, stand on thc sumo foot?
ing with commission merchants.
Sales accompanied by the transfer of
property effected by them, prior to
the passage of tho Act of December,
1866, are not liable to taxation, under
the provisions of that Act. As to
this liability of such transaction to
the tax of 20 eents, an answer has
already been given, under your first
Your third inquiry relates to the
proper rate of chargeable taxation,
in the case of newspaper publishing.
The business of publishing nod
vending newspapers, including the
sale of advertising space, is regarded
as mercantile in its character, and
accordingly the provisions of the
first clause of General Orders No.
92, are applicable to taxes, laid upon
transactions in the course of such
business. The rates chargeable upon
the gross earnings of such establish?
ments, are to be fixed with reference
to tho principles hereinbefore laid
down, in regard to the general mer?
cantile business. Very respectfully,
your obedient servant,
LOUIS V. CAZIARC,
A. D. C. and A. A. A. G.
ROYAL PAY FOK NEGRO LEGISLA?
TORS.-The negro Reconstruction
Convention of South Carolina forms
a high estimate of its services. The
Sambos who used to be glad to get a
few dollars a month for working on
the cotton or rico plantations, have
fixed their pay, as constitution mak?
ers, at eleveu dollars a day and
twenty cents mileage. Our white
Congressmen, who get eight dollars a
day, will envy these happy blacks.
When tho darkies come to Congress
they will undoubtedly endeavor to
raise the dignity and emoluments of
our national legislators in the same
proportion. If a negro member of a
State Convention bo worth eleven
dollars a day, what ought a negro
Congressman to get? Thirty dollars
a day, at least. How astonished
these South Carolina negroes must
be with their extraordinary chang? of
fortune! They can hardly realize
whether they stand on their heads or
heels. To cap tho climax of their
ridiculous presumption, they should
have proposed to pay the white mem?
bers of the Convention half what
they get themselves; and that, after
all, would be only somewhat in pro?
portion to the estimate in which the
two races aro held in the South just
now. A white man may be nearly
half as good as a negro.
[JVciv Vurk Herald.
The oldest inhabitant of Quebec
asserts this to bo tho coldest winter
in his memory; not so much from the
occasional state of thermometer n*>
the steady averago degree of cold.
UN?TED STATES GOVERNMENT GEMS .
TERT AT BEAUFORT^-A large cerne-"
tory baa been hud out at Beaufort, S.
0., the United States Government,
for tho purpose of, having tho bodies'
of soldiers killed nt points along tho
coast' collected and interred, in one
common ground. The cemetery is
being built upon a scale of magnifi?
cent proportions, and will prove very
costly. AU the bodies of Uuitcd
States- soldiers who were -killed or
who died on the islands off Charles?
ton, are 'being disinterred nnA
?ML?ve? to .beaufort. The steamer
Pilot Boy, Capt. MoNelty, made an
extra trip last week, and brought
down 600 corpses. Euch grave is
marked with the name, regiment and
company of the deceased soldier, and
the cemetery is neatly and substan?
tially enclosed with a fence, through
which thero uro several beautiful en?
trances. The cemetery will cover- a
large plot cf ground, and the num?
ber of interments will be very large.
FIRE ON KINO STREET.-A few mi?
nutes before ll o'clock, Saturday
night, flames were seen issuing from
the store, No. 323 Kiug street, nearly
opposite Society struct, occupied by
Mr. H. Rosen thal, as a retail dry
goods, clothing and notion store. A
prompt alarm was sounded, to which
the several engiues as promptly re?
sponded, und in a very short time the
fire was subdued. The lowei story?
that occupied by Mr. Rosenthal, is
badly damaged and charred, und his
entire stock damaged, principally by?
water. It is supposed to be the net
of au incendiary, as tho fire originat?
ed in the cellar, to tho rear of the
store. Mr. Rosenthal was insured
for 810,000 in various Northern
agencies. The building is owned by
Mr. S. Woolie, who vas also insured
in Northern agencies for 87,000. Iie?s
thnu 81,000 will repair damages.
[Charleston Mercury, 2d.
TERRII?LIE bUFFERINQ IN ENOLAND
AND FRANCE.-The London Times, of
the 1 Lit 11 ultimo, states that the dis?
tress in the East End of London is
disheartening. The number of per?
sons dependent on the Government
for relief is 40,000; but the measures
adopted fail to meet the need and the
increasing uruouut of pauperism.
Sad tidings come from every part
of France. 'The Lyons manufacturers
ure paralysed. Tho uncertainty of
tho political futuro ia tho chief cause.
Hunger and destitution are making
terrible havoc among tho opel uti ves
at Nantes, Rouen, Bordeaux, and
Much scandal has been occasioned
in n commune near Puris, by two
young follows enteriug the confes?
sional of a church. One of them
playing the part of a priest and the
other pretended to confess. By-and
by a lady closely veiled approached,
the young man on his knees hurried
away and she took his place. It
proved to bo the lady to whom he
was engaged, and hearing some disa?
greeable disclosures, he rushed from
the box iu a rugo und repudiated her.
Tho sham priest is now nuder trial
for causing a scandal in a church,
and outraging the practice of reli?
Mrs. E. A. Pollard was still in jail
ou Wednesday evening. In the
thiok part of her right hand is a
wound, which she says she received
during the scuffle at Dr. Moore's
store. Mrs. Pollard told friends who
visited her on Wednesday, that hav?
ing had her trunks aud effects seized
by the proprietor of the hotel where
she was left by Mr. Pollard, she, on
Tuesday, wandered out half frantic,
to endeavor to hear or find hor hus?
band. She disclaims any recollec?
tion of having tired the pistol.
In the case of Henry Elias, ac?
cused of swindling under the title of
"Clark, Webster & Co., Managers of
the Bankers' and Merobants' Gift
Enterprise," un examination was had
nt the Now York Tombs, by Justice
Dowling, ou the 28th ult. Elias was
allowed to romain nt large on hail,
pending a decision in the case. As
he left the Tombs ho was followed
by an excited crowd, by which he
was roundly anathematized and pelt?
ed with snow-balls.
HOUSE BURNED.-We are sorry to
learn that tho dwelling house of Mr
Mai eus Kirby, living about ten miles
below this town, was entirely con?
sumed by fire on tho 23d ult. Mr.
Kirby lost everything in the house,
save a few beds. The fire is believed
to be accidental-loss about $1,600.
f Carolina Spartan.
Xiooal Xtemv .
CASH-PAT UP.-Erom ?hd after
January 1, 1868, (fte eco system will
bo strictly enforced. Persons who
are now indebted for .subscriptions,
and who wish their papers coutinued,
will coufer a favor by paying np at
onco. Those who fail will have their
papers discontinued. Cash will also
be required for all advertisements
Persons forwarding advertisement?
from a distance, must send a remit?
tance. Job work cash on delivery.
FORETON PAPEBS.-Maj. John Alex?
ander has furnished us a batch of
English and Scotch papers-Loudon,
Ghtsgowand Iuverness--of late dates.
The papers are on file in this offioe.
MAIL ARRANGEMENTS.-The post
office open during the week from S>?
a. m. to 6 p. m. On Sundays, from
\\4 to 2)4 p. m.
The Charleston and Western mails
are open for delivery at 2 p. m., and
close at 9 a. m.
Northern-Open for delivery at
IO1.;' a. m., closes at 1 p. m.
Greenville-Open for delivery at 3 '$
p. m., closes at 8 p. m.
SALES OF HEAL ESTATE YESTEBDAY.
A number of valuable building lots
were disposed of, yesterday, by tho
Commissioner in Equity and Sheriff
-a portion of which were the follow?
ing: A lot, 26 feet front and running
back 263, corner of Main street and
tho Court House square, brought
$4,050, one-ninth cash. A lot adja?
cent, sumo dimensions, $2,800. The
adjoining lot, 26 feet 2 inches by 208
feet, $2,325. A fourth lot, same
dimensions, $2,350. The lot on
which the residence of Dr. Gibbes
formerly stood, fronting 70 feet on
Plain street and 130 on Sumter,
$1,300. Tho lot adja?eut, containing
a brick dwelling and stable, 130 feet
front and running back 130 feet,
brought $3,050. All of the above
belonged to the estate of Dr. It. W.
A two-story brick office, belonging
to the estate of John Banskett, Esq.,
adjoining Court House Bange,
brought $3,000. A lot adjacent to
the above, 70 feet front by 130 deep,
$800. This was a cash sale, in addi?
tion to which a dower of several hun?
dred dollars was to be paid by tho
To CLEAN TIN.-Bub it well with
pulverized charcoal, then wash off.
Pulverized brick-dust and soft soap
cleans brass very well. Iron and?
irons, made black and sleek as
Top8ey'8 well polished brow, in the
good old days when salamander fin?
gers applied the meat skin, by taking
a gill or more of common molasses,
in which an egg is broken, add a lit?
tle water and apply a mop weekly or
How is it, when two persons como
to high words, they use such low
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Attention is call?
ed to the following advertisements, pub?
lished this morninp for tho first time:
AI. W. Bvthewood-Auotion Sale.
B. T. Dont-Cash.
H. H. Blease-Acknowledgment, Ac.
Meeting True Brotherhood Lodge.
K. Pollard-Violin and Guitar Strings.
Meoting Palmetto Fire Company.
REMARKABLE ESCAPE.-Ou Friday,
a sleigh containing a woman and
child, was crossing tba track of the
Boston and Maine Railroad, between
South Reading und Stoneham, whon
it was st indi by au approaching train
and demolished. Tho woman was
knocked into a contiguous snow
bank, but was not seriously injured,
nor was the child, although it was
caught upon the pilot hoard of the
engine and earried along until tho
A letter bas been safely delivered
to the person lo whom it was address?
ed in Iowa, whioh had, besides the
usual, superscription, these words:
"There is a ten dollar bill folded in
this letter, aud if yon want it any
worse than my mother dees, take it.