Newspaper Page Text
Friday Morning, February 7. 1868.
Guaranteeing * Republican j Form
The Washington. Chronicle has sh
article ol ponderous dimensions on
. ?*Tb* Gnarantee Clause" of the
United States Constitution, in which
it says that, "for tho first time in tho
history of our republic, the powers
conferred upon the Government
by the clause of the Constitution
known as the guarantee clause is
beginning to be comprehended. "
This may be so. It is plain enough
that, according to the Chronicle's
rendering of the clause, the framers
of the Constitution did not under?
stand their own meaning, and that it
?was reserved to radical commenta?
tors, after . a lapse of more than
eighty years, to make the discovery.
What the Constitution, ns expounded
by tho new lights, intended by the
guarantee clause, will appear from
the following pnragruph from the
"Wo tell the gentlemen in Con?
gress that we will not give a sou mar?
quee for any Stato Government iu the
South, twelve months after admis?
sion to representation, unless a law
to enforce the guarantee clause is
passed, with a provision compelling
every State that changes its form of
government to submit the same to
the representatives of all the other
States, which are partners in this
Government, for ratification. Such
an act will nationalize the United
States of America.1'
It would astonish the founders of
the American Constitution, who were
so careful in prescribing the limita?
tion of powers in the different de?
partments of the Government, and
in retaining to the States their sepa?
rate individuality, could thoy rise
from the dead and discover that,
under the clause guaranteeing a re?
publican form of government to the
States, they had endowed Congress
with the power virtually to presoribe
Constitutions to the States, such
Constitutions being republicau, even
if framed by a minority, provided
the* minority held the political opi?
nions of Congress.
MIGHT MAKES RIOHT.-The New
York Tribune argues in favor of the
passage of the bill muzzling the Su?
preme Court, as follows: "Inasmuch
as 200 men, many of them better
jurists than any on the bench, cononr
in passing an Act of Congress, it is
monstrous to allow the vote of a
single Judge to set it aside." In
other words, the weakest must go to
the wall. This is a plain re-assertion
qt the old puritanical doctrine, that
"the earth was made for the saints,
and they alone were saints. " For?
tunately for us, however, when the
radicals are driven to the use of such
double-edged weapons as these, in
defence of their schemes, they are
in equal danger with the persecuted,
and furnish the reesonuble hope that
tho "arbiters of others' fate" may
soon become suppliants for their
A telegram published in the North?
ern papers, as coming from New
York, says: "A communication from
Col. Willard, of Gen. Canby's staff,
and in oharge of the Bureau of Civil
Affairs at Charleston, S. C., has been
received hero by private parties. It
says, in effect, that crime in North
and South Carolina is no greater
than the courts are able to attend to,
and that 1'fe and property aro aa
secure as in the Northern States, and
that there aro no indications of truth
in the report that u war of races is
approaching in those States."
H.MtD ON THE PRESIDENT.-Tho
National Intelligencer closes a lending
article as follows: "Thcro is a limit
to patienco, and that limit hos al?
ready been passed. Justice demands
fidelity, and will have no cravens to
defend its cause when assailed by
treachery and rapacity."
. ' '.' ?.Vf * ; . '<'' ' ' . .' . V
? ? . -L
Tit? R**OMtrtieU?m Convention.
? OHABLBBTO??, F?brua?y B.-The
Convention tuaomblod ?t 12 o'clock.
Prayer ht Rey. Wm. Thoma?,
J A resolution, wa? offered by J. M.
Allen, ot Greenville, that the Presi?
dent bo retino*ted to draw from tho
Treasury of the State $90,000 for the
purpose" of paving the per diem and
mileage of officers ana members of
the Convention, and that the sumo be
paid on Saturday, at 8 o'clock P. M.
B. F. Bando.ph offered the foliow
Resolved, That a Committee of Five
be appointed to eonfer with Geo.
Cunby in regard to a plan for voting
1 upon the ratification of the forth?
coming Constitution, and to report
the result to this Convention.
* The hour for the consideration of
the special order having arrived, the
Convention took up the report of tho
Committee on tho Bill of Bights;
which received its first reading, and
was laid over under the rules until
to-morrow. The reports of tho
Committee ou the Judiciary aud
Committee on Education were dis?
posed of in a similar mininer, aud,
on motion of F. J. Moses, Jr., were
mudo the special orders for half-past
The Charleston News publishes the
following summary of these docu?
The existing Constitution of the
State is proposed to be materially
changed, both us regards matter and
arrangement. First, it is sot forth
that "all men nm born fr?n and
equal;" second, that slavery shall not
hereafter exist; third, that power is
vested in and derived only from the
people; fourth, that tho doctrine of
States rights is forever dead and
buried; fifth, that uuder no pretext
shall another attempt bo made to
dissolve the Union; and, sixth, that
all citizens shall possess equal civil
and political rights. Hereafter no
person shal! bo imprisoned for debt,
and a homestead shall be exempted
from seizure or salo. Private and
corporate property is to be inviolate,
yet laws may bo made securing right
of way over lands of either persons
or corporations for purposes of in?
ternal improvement, but a just com?
pensation, in all cases, is first to bc
made to the owners. It is provided
that the power of suspending the
laws ought never to bo exercised,
save by the Legislature, or the au
I thority derived from it. Neither the
legislative, executive nor judicial
department of the Government, shall
in any wise trench upon the func?
tions and powers of the others. Any
individual who shall fight a duel, oi
send or accept a challenge, or is in
any way concerned in fighting a duel,
is prescribed from holding any office
of honor or trust in thu State, be?
sides making him liable to such othei
punishment as the law may prescribe.
No property qualification shall ht
necessary for an electiou to or th<
holding of any office. No office is tc
be created, the appointment to whict
shall be for a longer time than dur
iug good behavior. All navigable
streams are to bo public highways
free to the citizens of the Unitet
States, without any imposition of ta]
or toll, and no owner of a wharf
erected on the shores of a navigabh
stream, is permitted to charge for tin
use of the said wharf, unless ex
pressly authorized to do so by tin
The judicial power is vested in i
Supreme Court, in two Ci rc n i
Courts-to wit: a Court of Commoi
Pleas having civil jurisdiction, am
Court of General Sessions havini
criminal jurisdiction only-and ii
District nud Probate Courts and Jus
tices of the Peace. The Suprem
Court is to consist of three judges
who aro to bo elected by tho Genera
Assembly for the term of six years
and so classified that ono of th
judges shall go out of office every tw
years, tho judge holding tho shortes
term of office under this classification
to be the Chiof Justice during hi
terra of office. It provides for iilliu
all vacancies that may occur, the ci)
cuits which each judge shall occupy
and tho jurisdicliou which each judg
shall exercise. Tho circuit judge i
to be elected by tho people of hi
circuit, aud shall hold oflico for th
term of four years. Tho Courts c
Common Pleas are to sit in enc
judic'fd district at least twine a yea:
and to have full jurisdiction iu a
matters of equity. But tho court
now established for that purpoc
shall continue as at present orgai
izod until January 1, 1869, for tl
disposition of causes pending then
in. The Court of General Session
shall sit at least three times a yet
foe the trial of oriminal causea. The
election by the people cf each judi?
cial district of three persons who
shall . ooU^titnto ? District Court,
which shall have foll jurisdiction
over roads, highways-, ferries, bridges,
and all matters relating to taxes, and
the local concerns of the District. A.
Court of ^Probate is also to be estab?
lished in each District, and the peo?
ple mo li? elect justices o? the peace
and constables, who may hold ofiico
for the term of two years. No per?
son who has arrived at tho ago of
seventy can bo elected or , continued
in office as a judge, and no judge
Rhall charge juries in respect to mat?
ters of fact, but may state tho testi?
mony ahd declare the law. ' Neces?
sary provisions are made for the
election of clerks of courts, an attor?
ney-general, one solicitor of each
circuit, sheriffs, coroners and district
Tho entire legal maohinery of the
State, with but few exceptions, is to
be creuted by tho votes of the people.
It is provided that tho General As?
sembly shall revise tho civil and cri?
minal laws of tho State and form a
penal code, aud that this operation
shall be repeated every ten years.
Tho form of pleading is to bc made
uniform, and the practice revised and
simplified. The Governor, in con?
nection with two-thirds of each house
of tho General Assembly, muy re?
move any executive or judicial officer
for wilful neglect of duty. The
House of Representatives is vestod
with the solo power of impeachment,
and nny officer impeached ?hall be
suspended from office until judg?
ment shall have been pronounced.
All impeachments to be tried by tho
The report of the Committee on
Education provides for the appoint?
ment of a State Superintendent, to
be elected by the people, and a
School Commissioner for each Dis?
trict, who, together, are to consti?
tute a board. The State is to be di?
vided into school districts, and the
compulsory attendance at freo schools
of all children between six and six?
teen years of age, for at least twenty
four months, is ordained. To sup?
port tho free schools, there shall be a
poll-tax of Si. There shall be a
State school for tho reform of jnve
nile offenders, and an agricultural
college; and all public schools, col?
leges and universities of tin? State,
supported by the public funds, shall
bo opeu to all children, without re?
gard to race or color.
In New Orleans, the newspapers
say the people are in a state of ex?
citement on the subject of rents.
They want them for the coming year
reduced to one-half of what they are
at present. This is the substance of
a resolution adopted at a meeting of
200 of the leading New Orleans mer?
chants, held at the St. Charles Hotel,
about ten days ago.
Choice Sugar-Cured Hams,
AT 18 cents per ponnd. Call st
Feb 7 J. & T. R. AON RWS.
Two Dwellings to xient.
AHOUSE on Henderson street, Eight
Rooms; ont-buildings in good condi?
tion. Aleo, a COTTAGE, Six Rooms, on
Barnwell street. Rent low to an approved
tenant. Apply to SAM. BEARD.
MY BOOKS will bs opened on MON?
DAY, the Sd of February, for re?
ceiving returns and general taxes for the
year 1867, on the following items, to wit:
REAL ESTATE, Carriages, Buggies, Gold
and Silver Watches, Silverware, ?to.; arti?
cles manufactured, Incomo from Employ?
ment and Professions, Premium of Insur?
ance Agencies, gross income of Brokers
and Vendue Masters, Beceiptu of Newspa?
pers, Magazines, Ac. j Photographs and
Daguerreotypes, Salaries, Rents anu Divi?
dends, Hotels, Restaurants. Ac; Livery
Stables, Butchers and Huckster?. Billiard
Tables, Bowling Alloys, Ferries and
Bridges, Hacks, Baggage Wagons. Omni?
buses, Drays and Expross Wagons, Capi?
tation, and all Dogs.
Ofrico hours from 9 A. M. till 2 P. M.
Persons from the couutry can call from 9
A. M. till 1 P. M.
THOMAS H. WADE,
Fob 7 fi T. C. R. D.
WE, thu undersigned, do hereby notify
our customers, and tho public ge?
nerally, that owing to tho high prices of
Flour, ts well aa the dullness of trade, we
shall be compelled, from tho lat day of
FEBRUARY; 1803, to reduce tho number
of Loaves of Bread to tho former lovel of
TWENTY-FOUR LOAVES PEU DOLLAR.
v :? We shall .-.Un h.-. .v..-....~!'...<l tu ad
boro strictly to a cash system. Jun^ 28 10
3AAA EMPTY SACKS.
.UUU FISHER & LOWRANCE.
Helnltsh's Crimson Tetter Wash,
for Tetter, Ringworm, Pimples, Worm
Spots, Rougbne-H of the Skin-a cure for
Tetter and Ringworm.
Eighty illioit distilleries were re?
cently seized in Abbeville District,
S. G., and Hart and Elbert Counties,
Ga;. The deputy Collector who made
th? seizures was soon afterwards met
by n party - hired by the distillers,
who shot h^tn through 'tho shoulder.
So says the New York Herald. A
reward is offered by the Gbuerument
for the arrest of those ooncernod in
INQUEST.-Corouer Whiting held
iin ltinnoufr^ Tnrtorl.,!? U*Z)Cn tll?
of Harriet Scott, a colored girl, who
died from injuries received by her
clothes taking fare while ironing, last
I Saturday night. Tho jury rendered
j a verdict that the deceased came to
I her death from "accidental burning."
A Slate dinner recently given in
Vienna continued twclvo hour?.
There wore twnuty-nine courses and
fifty different kinds of wine.
Gas ~>ills for January.
CtONSUMERM will pleas? attend to the
/ payment ul the il bo vii wit bout delay,
as tho rub' wdl post ti vol v be unforced
against defaulters. JACOB LEVIN,
Secret arv Columbia Oas Company.
_ Feb 15_ H
Prime Bacon, Lard, &c.
2,0(10 Cimiee Breakfast Pieces.
!?0 tubs Prime Family Lani.
20 boxes Adamantine Candles.
At private sale, by
Auctioneer and Co'mmis'u Merchant,
Corner Plain and Assembly streets.
Feb (i 2 Near New Murkiit.
tbv AT Charles Logan's Lot, a flin
lol of voling KENTUCKY MULES
m?j30 F, L 5 _i!_
Violin and Guitar Strings
..K^-A NEW supplv of geiiuiin
JT5i^^4 ITALIAN STRINGS; also, i
x3$5w^^tfl nil assort meut of Violoncelli
V?5^a>J_5'.StriiiKH, with a choice eelec
bon ol v i..iin Bows. Screws, 'j nil-boards
Bridges, Itosin, .Ve. At
_ Feb j tufjj? R. PO' LARD'S.
PLANTERS and GARDNERS will tim
ELLURBE'S PLANT TRANS-PLANT
i ER, (Patented Kith of October, lSGfi.j a
I JOHN C. DIAL'S; by which surplus plant
of corn, cotton, or of any plant, may b
trans-planted in the t-uino timo that th
soil can be. replanted, without disturbinj
the tibi nus mots. J. C. DIA ,
Jan lOfSmn Genoral Aeent.
Landreth'8 Garden Seeds.
Alargo variety of fresh and reliabl
SEEDS, j uni receive..! from that wc
kn >An house of David Landroth A Som
Wholesale an t retail at
Jan M +21* E. POLLARD'S.
IT is but proper that I should thus ei
press my thanks to a gem rou? eonmu
mtv for tho very liberal patronage receive!
und that 1 may give some substaitiii
proof of gratefulness, fi om this dato ? wi
endeavor tu give still better bargains.
Feb 4 HEN KY H. Bl.EASE.
" STOVES ! STOVES !
. NONE but thc best; all warrante
jd&a to givo full satisfaction, and at euc
?rjfll prices that, though tho "times ai
"K?Diiard," all can buy from
Feb 4 _HENBY li BLEASE.
TINWARE ! TINWARE !
OF all kinds, at prices to suit thu time
Merchants will do well to call on
Feb 4_DENBY H. BLEASE.
JOB WORK! JOB WORK!
OF all descriptions--in my line-at ten
ed to promptly and done in a superi
style of workmanship, at the lowest pose
ble figures. Storo in r hrlich's buildin
Main street. HENRY H. BLEASE.
rVashing Machines and Clothes
CLOTHES WRINGERS and Waahii
Machines, constantly on hand, and t
aale, by_J. ? T. R. AGNEW.
?/ietnUah's (tucen'* Delight, for Ti
ter, Pimples, Blotches, and Eruptions
Napoleon and Blueher.
AN Historical Novel, by M uhlhr< h.
A Military History of Gen. Grant,
Col. A. Bolean, with Maps.
Evidences of Christianity in Nineteen
Cuntury, by Bov. Albert Barnes.
Gardening for Profit, by Henderson.
Just received and for salo at MeOarto
Bookstoro, nearly opposite tho old Coi
House, B. L. BRYAN
BARBELS Northern ONIONS,
50 bbl?. Pink eye Planting Potatoes
On hand and for sal? by
Jau 23 J. & T. R. AGNEW
Trace Chains, Trace Chains.
Q/~\/"\ PAIRS Wagon and Ploughi
OXJKJ TRACES. On hand and 1
sale nv J. ? T. R. AGNEW
Jan 28 _
EATING HOUSE AT ALSTON
PASSENGEBS on the Grouiivillo a
Columbia Railroad, can get BREA
FAST and DINNER at Alston-ampio ti
Deo 27 MARY A. ELKIN A SON
AM emption of the akin, of thi;
year's standing, wbioh defied the skill
tho doctora, was cured, in Philadolph
by using Heinitsh's Queen's DeUgbt.
CASH-PAT UP.1-From and after
Jauuary.l, 1868, the cash ?ystem will
be strictly enforced. Pereons who
are now indebted for subscriptions,
and who wish their papers continued,
will confer a favor by paying np at
once. Those who fail will have their
pupers discontinued. Cash will also
\\n rr>nn?r?>?T for "1! v: rtir; 'XTic:;t
.Persons forwarding advertisements
from a distance, must send a remit?
tance. Job work cash on delivery.
Tho Phoenix WeeJJi/ Letter Sheet
Prices Curvent and Market liepoi-l
will be ?Rsned this (Friday) afternoon.
Those desiriug copies, will hand in
their orders ns carly ns practicable.
II. T. Peake, Esq.. of tho South
Carolina Railroad, has furnished us
with the necessary card of admission
to the Indies' ear, for which he will
please accept our thanks.
Tho first shipment of cotton over
the Columbia and Augusta Railroad,
was made on Weduesday last, by Col.
F. S. Lewie, of Lexington-ten
bales. Mr. Agnew was the purchaser,
at seventeen cents per pound. The
cotton was extra fine, and is said to
bc the best offered for salo in this
market, during tho season. Come on,
Lexington cotton planters, friend
Agnew is prepared to give you the
best price for "king cotton."
?MAIL AUUANQEMBNTS.-The post
office open during thc week from 8}?
a. m. to 6 p. m. On Snudaj-s, from
\% to 2>? p. m.
The Charleston and Western mails
aro open for delivery at 2 p. m., and
close at 9 a. m.
Northern-Open for delivery at
10}o a. m., closes at 1 p. m.
Gicenville-Open for delivery at 3
p. m., closes at 8 p. m.
NEW AnvF.KTisKMENTH. --At ten tien ifcall
eit H. til..- following; fttlvertn-t'ineiitp, pub?
lished tins" morning for 'lie fl??' t<?,,*:
8am. heard-Dwelling**, to Kent.
T. ii. Wade-Tax Notice.
J. A T. lt. Agnew-Hams.
Panorama of Colombia For Balo.
im(\ DARRELS Hacker's 8eh*-raising
50 hags Choieo Family Flour.
IOU bills. Northern Super. Flour.
On hand and for sale bv
Jan '?8_J. A T. R. AGNEW.
Fenders, Anti-irons, &c.
Common and Fancy Fire Dogs,
Sliovold and Tongs,
Chimney Hooks, Ac
Just received and for sale at low Agares,
by_ _J.itT.R. AGNEW.
ALL PERSONS INDEBTED to the
undersigned aro particularly request?
ed to come forward and settle up without
delay, as indulgence has ceased to be a
virtue. E. A G. D. HOPE.
Dissolution of Copartnership.
THE firm of J. C. SEEGERS A CO. han
been dissolved by mutual consent.
JOHN C. SEEGERS,
All persons indebted to tho late firm of
J. C. SEEGERH A CO., either by account
or note, are respectfully requested to como
forward at ouco and settle with either of
the undersigned, as it ie absolutely neces?
sary that the debts due the late linn of J.
C. Seegers & Co., be promptly paid.
JOHN C. SEEGERS,
Tbs undersigned would hareby give ox
proBsion to his gratitude to his many and
kind friends for their patronage, wlrlo ho
was a member of the Arm of J. 0. SEE?
GERS A CO., hoping also that the same
will be extended to Mr. G. DIERCKS, who
continues the business on his own account,
and will do his nt most to render satisfac?
tion to all who may favor him with their
custom-while I intend to give my entire
attention to my Brewery.
An ample supply, sufficient for tho city
and country, of puro BEEB, always on
Prompt attention will bo given to all
orders left at Mr. O. Diercks' storo.
JOHN C. 8EEGEB8.
Tho undersigned will continue the bnsi
noss at the old stand, where he will always
keep on hand a select stock of GROCE?
RIES, WINES, BRANDIES, TOBACCO,
WATCHES and JEWELRY repaired in
a workmanlike manner, promptly and
The I AGER BEER SALOON will be re?
opened in tba basement. Tho BILLIARD
ROOM will bo CLOBED until further no?
tice. G. DIERCKS.
Feb a_ ,
Scrofula, or King's Bril, is oared by
using Hcinitsh's Queen's Delight.