Newspaper Page Text
Tuesday Morning, February 18,1868
Immigration nnd Karmins.
At this time it is rather difficult to
impress upou the public? mind a full
appreciation of the great changes
that .will have to be made in our do?
mestic and agricultural economy to
meet the new state of things brought
upon us; nnd it is, furthermore, not
now within the power of the farming
community to enter upon these
changes with much energy, or to a
great extent. Money is wanted to
make these changes suddenly, and
this our people have not got. "We
must rest contented, therefore, with
such gradual adaptation of tillage and
economy to the new era as an indus?
trious and sagacious people can ac?
complish nuder the difficulties which
beset them. It is prudent, neverthe?
less, that tho subject should be well
-considered by tho farmer, and that
he should, as rapidly as possible,
?conform to the practices and usages
which, under a system of fro? labor,
-eau alone assure profitable farming.
Every sensible man now admits the
importance of diminishing the area
of land cultivated, as the true way to
use free labor, and to so improve the
laud as to make it pay for the labor.
To this policy must be united a gene?
ral system of economy and saving
the bringing of all t^e offices, the
"barns, granaries, shelters, stables,
.farming implements, kc, as near aud
convenient to the dwelling as possi?
ble for protection, supervision, con
.veuience and labor-saving. The
farmer, too, mast study the habits
of the white laborer-his wants, and
also his wishes, sufficiently far to
promote his contentment;. for you
-cannot keep laborers who are discon?
tented-neither white nor black. The
matter of feeding hands is especially
x)ne of great consequence. Although
the negro hos always had an abun?
dance, it must bo remembered that
the white immigrant wants a differ?
ent sort of food. He cannot at first
eat corn bread, and we must learn to
give him his dark flour bread, and
accustom bim as we may to the food
usual in this country. But a proper
system of tillage and a proper under?
standing of the sort of food that suits
them, will soon enable tho farmer to
feed them at less cost than the negro.
We all know that our old Bystem was
lavish nnd extravagant. Tho new will
be far more economical. Then the
matter of serving the meals to labor?
ers will become one of tho most im?
portant of all. Tho Richmond Dis
patch suggests that on large farms,
for white men, there should be a
common table, if tho farmer finds
them. Riions will not do save for
those having families and living apart
from tho others. Well seated at a
table, properly provided, the order
will bo good, and the eating reason?
able in proportion as order and de?
corum aro preserved by liberal and
wiso regulations. Small farmers must
bring themselves to allowing thc
white laborer to sit at their own
tables. It is the cheapest and least
laborious mode; any other is wasteful
-of means and time. Tho fumier must
eat with his men, and como and go
with them. Lodgings should bo com?
fortable and convenient to the main
dwelling. Every man must concen?
trate his force, and save time by
shortening all distances and expedit?
ing all sorts of operations. With all
this, the farmer must get rid of all
useless auimals and things. Broken
plows, parts of vehicles, old trump?
ery of all sortH, aro demoralizing;
they are cancers that disease tho per?
fect things; or, rather, they aro nuclei
for the accumulation of nuisances,
and aro evor inviting destruction.
Get rid of all animals not absolutely
necessary. Feed what you havo well;
harness your horses well ; work them
humanely; keep vehicles and imple?
ments in order, and thrift must fol?
low. Such farming, such economy,
will suit immigrants, and will in one
f?ai jiuuji tun time noe want for
labor. _ _?
Drunkenness is said to prevail to
an alarming extent among our na?
tional legislators. The temperance
movement last winter, led off by
Wilson and Colfax, has fallen en?
tirely through, and the liveliest in?
stances of relapse may be seen any
day upon tho floor. In fact, the
thirst for fire-water has so thoroughly
imbued Congress, that ex-Gov. Ford,
one of the few who has stood man?
fully up to the pledge, proposed the
other day to Congress to make an
appropriation of $25,000, or what?
ever sum might bo necessary, to?
wards fitting up an inebriate asylum
in Washington for Government
drunkards. This may account in a
measure for some of the extraordi?
nary bills passed by Congress lately
-bills cruelly sharp on tho South,
because so well whetted. A corres?
pondent of the New York Times,
writing from Washington, says pro?
positions involving millions of dollars
to the Government have ofteu beeu
settled in the Senate by a majority of
one, aud moro thau once he has seeu
that majority of one ushered iu from
the restaurant in such a couditiou of
limbs and brain that ho could not
have told next morning how he voted,
or what he voted upou. A Westeru
radical paper says that when thc re?
construction bill was under debate in
the Senate Borne days ago, "Mr.
Sprague attempted some remarks iu
the interest of his constituents, but
became discouraged, and was assisted
from the hall by a sympathizing
VERY TRUE.-A day or two since,
in the the Senate, Mr. Davis, of
Kentucky, said: Loyalty, in his
opinion, consisted iu a willing obe?
dience to the Constitution, aud he
believed the chastened and suffering
people of the South to bo tho most
loyal portion of the people of tho
United States. Without intending
to wound the feelings of auy man, he
said the most disloyal peoplo in thc
United States were the radicals and
Mr. Seward has been publishing
the names of thoso who served aa
secret diplomatic agents for the
United States in foreign countries
since 1861. Among the names fur?
nished for publication are thoso ol
Bishop McDvaine, Thurlow Weed,
Gen. Garibaldi, Gen. Schofield and
Geu. Sickles, and the countries visit
ed by all the agents were Canada,
Great Britain, Franco, Prussia, Italy
Rome, Holland, Belgium, Greece,
Egypt, Turkey, Colombia, the Saud
wich Islands, Syria and the Wes)
Indies. Mr. Seward thinks "thc na
tional lifo might have been lost bul
for their services."
DEATH OF CONDUCTOR VERDERY.
Wo regret to announce, says th<
Savannah Advertiser, that tho iu
juries received by Mr. John P
Verdery, three weeks since, ternii
nated fatally Friday morning. Aftei
tho amputation of his feet, hescemec
for a time to bo getting aloug favor?
ably, but subsequently tho wounds
sloughed, and gangreuo and mortifi
cation sot iu. On Sunday night, h<
I was seized with lock-jaw, aud gradu
The New York Herald is showing
from good authority, bow tho ne
groes in llayti are returning to tin
fetich worship of their barbarian an
I ou?iors and kindred in Africa. Il
also noticos tho fact that Presiden
Salnave, of Hayti, who it must bt
presumed is ono of the most intel
lectual aud civilized mon of bis raco
has been excommunicated by tin
Christian Church for fetichism.
SINGULAR ACCIDENT.-As Tuesday
night's express train on tho Hudsoi
River Railroad was passiug througl
the Highlands, au avalanche, whiel
had beeu detached from a cliff over
hoad, descended upon two of tho pas
seugor cars, crushing roofs and cans
iug panic among tho passengers
two of whom were seriously injured
The ?lev o nu true Hon Convention.
Speaking of this body, the Charles?
ton Neics says:
The debate Saturday developed tho
iii?L Hm I ibo i reed man ia determined
to have land. If he cannot get it by
purchase with the public funds, ho
will secure it by a ey s tem of taxation
so onerous, that every unplanted
acrq must be sold by the sheriff.
A war of words ocourred between
Leslie, Langley, Cardoza and others,
iu which personalities were freely
gassed. Personality, gross iuuendoes,
itter prejudices, old memories, hate?
ful reminiscences followed in quick
succession, and the chair was repeat?
edly- obliged to call the member.-: to
order for transgressing tho rules of
Pillsbury likened him to tho world,
tho flesh and the devil, especially the
laut named horned monster.
L. S. Langley said if the delegate
from Barnwell, who had intruded so
much on the courtesy of the Conven?
tion, could not keep his seat, ho ought
to be gagged.
The chair rapped the belligerent
member from Beaufort to order, and
reminded him that langnage of that
sort must not be uttered upon tho
Mr. Leslie saggested to the delegute
that he had better attempt to per?
form that interesting ceremony out
R. B. Elliott, (colored,) from
Charleston, (but representing Edge
field,) described Mr. Leslie us being
non compos mentis-said thnt "he
must bo a lunatic, not to use n
Tho chair called the speaker to
Elliot said he was sorry parliamen?
tary rules did not permit him to re?
tort as strongly as he desired. Ho
proceeded thereupon to discuss Mr.
Leslie in tho capacity of an agent to
distributo corn for the poor.
Whipper called him to order foi
assailing the private character of the
gentleman. The chair sustained thc
Langley rose to a point of order,
and alleged that Mr. Leslie had re?
marked he would not believe a cer?
tain member of the Convention undei
Whipper replied that tho remar!
was made in private conversation
was not in tho purview of debate
and had been simply overheard bj
The chair stated he had nothing tc
do with matters not publicly dis
Cardoza (colored) said he was ver
sorry so much personality had be
como mixed up in debate. It re
minded him of the old proverb tba
"it takes a rogue to catch a rogue.'
Ho thereupon proceeded to call th
member from Barnwell "a cast-ol
politician;" expressed his surprise a
tho "treachery" of the delegate fron
Beaufort, (W. J. Whipper.)
The bone of contention, waa a re
solution offered by a colored mern
ber, requesting Congress to make
loan to thc State of 81,000,000, fo
tho purpose of purchasing lands.
Leslie said the real question befor
the house involved in the presenta
tion of the petition was not simpl
whether Congress could, would o
should advance tho loan of a $1,000,
000; but how far tho Rep?blica
porty of South Carolina would tole
rate demngoguism, and how mac
political capital was to bo made ot
of a petition which the world know
would never afford one dollar of rt
lief. Tho whole speech of the deb
gate from Charleston, yesterday, wo
un appeal to tho passions of th
colored people. Ho showed thei
the probability of obtaining lane
told them they were entitled to i
that it was but justico they shoul
have it, and appealed not to the Coi
I vention, but to tho audience of li
teners without .its bar, for which li
received tho award of their applaus?
Political effect was evidently the onl
object in his view, political effect hn
bceu secured and the good of tl:
colored people were at stake.
R. H. Cain said the gentleman hu
no right to imputo his motives.
Leslio said that tho question was
purely political one, and politic
motives wero at tho bottom of i
Political motives, however, were ni
necessarily dishonest. But tho
woro certain practicable and imprn
ticable questions involved in politic
Practicable questions could bo plaii
ly stated and understood; i ni pia
ticable questions woro thoso whit
tho devil uses as instruments to mal
demagogues, and d?magogues wero <
two kinds-ono cass consisted of tl
shrewd, calculating knaves, who po
scss the necessary status, skill au
ingenuity to pfcr?orm their political
acts in such a way as to appeal to the
Erejudices of the people and deter
ouest men from opposing their
schemes, from fear of political death;
the second class of demagogues are
thoso who have less sense. He would
confme himself to the consideration
of the class first named.
W. J. Whipperlwas the only color?
ed mau who opposed the measure;
he said he believed it was fraught
with evil; it was calculated to de?
ceive, and for ono he would be un?
willing to go back to his constituents
and attempt to defend himself, should
he be induced to cast his vote in
favor of it. June would decide the
wisdom of the course he had deter?
mined to pursue, and prove that a
terrible error was committed when
tho Convention led the colored peo?
ple of the State to believe they were
to obtain land without labor. Ad?
mitting that the loau could be effect?
ed, a 81,000,000 divided among the
people of the State, would give to
about one-fourth, nud of this fourth
to each family of seven persons, only
five acres and oue-seventh-just
enough to starve to death upon. If
members did not believe it, let them
go to Beaufort, where tho people
bave been furnished by Goveruuieni
with ten acres each, aud are to-day
in a worse condition thau if they had
nothing at all. Tho momeut this re?
solution passed and the fact was pub?
lished to .the country that a petitiou
had goue to Congress for a 81,000,
000, the ignorant colored people,
knowing nothing of figures, believ?
ing implicitly in the power of this
body to do everything, whether rea?
sonable or unreasonable, would abnu
don tl?e?r work, become possessed
more than ever with this phantom of
land, and finally die hopelessly ruin?
ed. He would lend no hand in the
adoption of any such measure.
T. J. Robertson offered the follow?
ing resolution: "That the General
commanding the District, be request?
ed to issue au order applicable to the
State of South Carolina, authorizing
any attorney, solicitor or counsellor
admitted to practice in auy of the
courts of the United States, or iu any
court of record iu any State, and re?
sident in this State, may practice in
any of the courts of this State."
Referred to ?ILC Committee ou the
Heretofore the city railways of
Philadelphia have always given out
free passes to tho City Councils.
'Phis year they do not, and iu re?
venge, the City Councils have passed
an ordinance that where the fare is
seven cents, they shall pay one cent
for each passenger to the city trea?
sury. The companies hesitate whe?
ther to give out the passes, reduco
the fare or pay the tax.
Sergeant Bates, the pedestrian,
and bearer of the United States flag
from Vicksburg to Washington, was
publicly received at the Watts Hotel,
Selma, Ala., on tho night of the 13th,
by a crowded house. Speeches were
made by Ex-Governor Parsons, Ex
Governor Moore, Hou. Alex. White
and Judge W. M. Brooks. Many
ladies were prosent.
On last Saturday morning, the giu
house of Mr. David N. Snell, iu
Orangeburg District, was set ou fire,
and entirely consumed, together with
seven bales of cotton (one of which
belonged to a negro) which were
near at tho time. The fire was the
work of an incendiary.
Tho cholera is raging terribly at
Bueuos Ayres; thero aro 180 victims
daily. Tho citizens are flying. At
Villamora, 210 out of 270 railroad
REDUCTION IN SIZE.-Owing to tho
pressure of tho times, tho Augusta
Constitutionalist oud thc Chronicle and
Sentinel have materially curtailed their
Fourteen camels, raised at Capo do
Verde, have been brought to Iu
dianola, Texas, to bo shipped for
tho Central Park, New York.
Tho Boston ico crop this season
is the largest and beat ovur gathered.
leo twenty-two iuches in thickness
was cut at Wonham Lako ou Satur?
Wm. M. Swain, fouuder of thc
Philadelphia Judger, died recently
at Philadelphia, aged fifty-nine.
ADRAFT, drawn by mo nnd in my
favor, and accepted by tho Charlotte
anti South Carolina Railroad Company, for
$000, hau hcon loat or mialaid. All persona
aro forewarned from trading for tho aarao.
Feb 18 2*_W. ll. STACK.
3f\C\(\ EMPTY SACKS.
.UUU FISHER ii LOWRANCE.
OOR FILES.-Papers are placed ou
?lc ia tli? FJtosnix oihce for the ac?
commodation of the public. Ooo
aud nil are invited to call and read,
but in no instance must tho papers bo
removed from the office.
THE BANKER OF THE SOUTH.-Rev.
Father A. J. Byan, the talented
poet, and author of the "Conquered
Banner," will have the editorial con?
trol of a weekly journal, with thc
above title, to be published in Au?
gusta, Ga., on the 1st of March, by
Messrs. L. T. Bio me & Co.
"ECONOMY IS WEALTU."-Mr.
Blease has a neat portable oil stove,
which, if it performs all that is olaim
ed for it-and we have no reason to
doubt it-will work a complete re?
volution in culinary arrangements.
By its use, any one having the least
idea of the preparation of food, can
boil, roast, bake or broil, at a mero |
nominal cost, and iu a stove which
occupies but little space. Call aud
examine the machino iu operation,
at Mr. Blease's establishment, a few
doors North of the Phoenix office.
LET US ALL Go TO BRAZIL.-Gen.
Wood says, in writing from Brazil,
that the ladies, on being introduced]
to a stranger, insist upon being em?
braced, "heart throbbing agaiust
heart." Ho' for Brazil!
M AIL AURANOEMENTS.-The post1
office open during the week from S>?
a. m. to G p. m. On Sundnvs, from
lkj to 2>? p. m.
The Charleston and Western mails I
are open for delivery at 2 p. m., and |
close at 9 a. m.
Northern-Open for delivery at |
10j.< a. m., closes at 1 p. m.
Greenville-Open for delivery at 31
p. m., closes at 8 p. m.
Nzw AUVEKTISMIENTH. -Attention is call?
ed t.< the following advertisements, pnb
lished rhir> morning for tho tirnt time
Meeting Independent Fire Company.
W. R. Smith-Valuable Lands For Salo.
Regular Meeting Columbia Lodge
D. C. Peixotto A Son-Auction Sales.
W. H. Stack-Lost.
Jacob Levin-Auction Saloa.
WY ANTED, $1,000 in Billa Receivable.
VV IlighoBt price paid in Silver or Cur?
rency. ALFRED TOLLESON.
Independent Fire Engine Company.
A regu'ar meeting of thia Com?
pany will bo held THIS (Tues?
day) EVENING, at Hook and
-Ladder Hall, at 7 o'clock. A
full attendance is earnestly requested. Bv
order. G. T. BERG, Secretary.
Columbia Lodge No. 108, A.\F.\ M.".
A regular communication of thin
'Lodgo will bo held THIS (Tuesday;
.EVENING, at7 o'clock, at Palmetto
Bv order of tho W. M.
Feb' 18 1_J. C. B. SMITH. Sec y.
OLD GOLD and SILVER, for which tb.
highest cash prices will be paid, at
I. SULZBACHER'S, A
Sign of the Green Spectacles,
One door South of Phoenix Oflico,
Feb 15 3 Maui streot, Columbia, S. C.
IHAVE ono of theso celebrated OIL
STOVES. All persons (especially the
Ladies) aro invited to call and see it. I
ara prepared to furnish them to all, for ail
who seo them will have one.
HENRY H. BLEASE,
Feb 15 Ehrlich's Building. Main stroet._
THEmndersigned bas assumed charge
of Mr. R. C. Shiver's store nt Rock
Hill, and will devoto bis entire attention to
thc business. Orders sent to tho Colum?
bia store will bo faithfully attended to.
Feb IC _ STARKE \V. PORTER.
rflHAT commodious and very desirable
X STORE, recently occupied by Henry
Gibson aa a first class grocery, next to
James Brown's paint establishment. Terms
will bo verv reasonable Possession given
after tho loth instant. Apply to
Feb 10 8_JAMES BROWN.
Mk| AT Charles Logan's Stables,
*nB cornor of Assembly and Senate
^l->T-Htrocta. a lino lot of young Ken*
tuckyMDLES and HORSES. Feb 12 O'
Choice Sugar-Cured Hams,
AT 18 cents per pound. Call at
Feb 7 J. A T. R. AGNEW'S.
ON band, and for salo, STATE BILLS
RECEIVABLE, for all dues to tho
State. GREGG, PALMER A CO.