Newspaper Page Text
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Uteursiay Morning:, Fe|. 20, 1888.
The Expatriation Question. .
'.According to the comments fn tho
Bagliahjournals, it may be expected
. ?lttst \8*c opposition to the negotia?
tion of a treaty with Groat Britain,
; .irfiich will concede the right of born
?..atyiects of the kingdom to lay aside
tir^idcties. and obligations which it
?aa? ^hitherto been held by English
itwr could not be laid aside, vrill soon
S? -abandoned. It is argued very
^Ss?rjy and fully, that; the right of ex
-gaftriation ought to be allowed, and
Sfeat it is folly to declare that the
moan who is permitted to Icare a
aartmtry to which he never intonds to
??ffeurn, and who desires to cast off
aiStatover duties to his sovereign
?weano imposed upon him by the ncci
?. Soot of .his birth in a particular
\-;ftsue, -may not do so. The Fhiladel
gtbia inquirer thinks it is a great
ritep toward a revolution in English
-?pinion upon this subject, to have
.?reached a point at which tho English
.??opie aro willing to discuss the
?jjffect and policy of their own laws,
.especially where the doctrine now
subject "io criticism, is so ancient as
^iOno theory of perpetual allegiance,
said deeply interwoven in principles
- sl^ieriual law.
.Anticipating, therefore, somo satis?
factory negotiation -with Great Bri
Ifiin, at a period not far in the future,
liv.-ould be a pleasant thing'if we
ssaild hope for equal success with the
.States of Continental Enrope. Prus?
sia and th? German States are par ti -
? JMflarly -strict upon the subject of
jsotn-expatriation, and as long as they
Quid to the doctrine that every male
JOTU within their dominions is des
-?ned to4>? a soldier by the mere fact
-?? .iiis birth, no satisfactory arrange?
aient can"be arrived at in reference
ic it matter which is full of vexation
The New York Tribune is out
?strong against Mr. Seward's real
'??&ate purchases. It calla upon Con
,3PP?ss to repudiate them, on the
irreund that the amount paid ia nn
triefi?onnbly large, and because, as
?(sou as the doctrine is established
tlt&t a negro is better than a white
jCMOUV the States of Hayti and Do
?xs?aioa will voto, themselves naturally
Into tho Union-an example tho re
OB?inder of the West India islands
ntrS.1 not be slow to follow. Accord?
as? g to this view of tho case, the
Sweated States, will soon include
saj?tUin ita territorial limits tho whole
<?s?? Africa, and tho King of Dahomey
?&n?f:opie a Senator in Congress. As
.??'i will naturally introduce to some
cxiout tho native African customs,
i ?5?r. New Orleans Times sincerely
icper, that Horace will form the sub
Qaat-ot that distinguished potentate's
OCOXEE.-Tho last number of the
??*Lt?owt?O Courier announces that its
.?i.rxt iasuo will be at Walhalla. The
.Shaderson Jnlelligencer states that a
xaveeting was to be holden on Tuesday
ri?.7.ocato the Court House of Oconee,
rikv5 new District or County wherein
^Walhalla is situated.
OnrrosrrioN OF TU G CONVENTIONS.
8a Virginia, 25 out of 105 delegates
. <ia-iAie Constitutional Convention, or
. jmtt than one-fourth, aro colored
v-vjaea. In North Carolina, 13 out of
? ??tO delegates, or less than one ninth,
: nr>s colored. In Mississippi, 12 ont
ri 1'2S. Jn Louisiana, tho blacks
;5**re fi majority of 10. In Florida, 20
? ml 'of 80 are colored. In Georgiu,
XS -ont of .195, or less than one
vSiewsnth, ure colored. Alabama, 18
cr? colored,-about one-fifth of the
qdnole body. In Arkansas, 5 out of
'UH ?ore colored. In South Carolina
doo two races aro about equal in the
??3on veut ion. In Texas the delegates
-3uwc not yet been chosen.
Tlic Reconstruction. Convention. "
CUAULESTON, S. C., February 18.
The Convention assembled at lOK
i L .?, ' ? '?">..ii '
O IMOUA, wu wat* (doeueu witu prayei"
by B. F. .Randolph, , .
N. G. Parker offered the following,
wi)ich -was adopted:
That it bas come to the knowledge
of thia Convention that Hon. Jacob
M. Howard,^ United States Senator
from Michigan, proposes in a few
days to visit Bich mond, and address
the Constitutional Convention of
Virginia, now sitting in that city.
That the Constitutional Convention
of Booth Carolina respectfully and
cordially invite the distinguished
Senator to extend his trip to Charles?
ton, and address this Convention on
the imp?riant subjects which are now
exciting our country.
Sections 13 to 34 of the Constitu?
tion were adopted, with but slight
Section 85, exempting from execu?
tion or other final process of any
court issued for the collection of
debt, a homestead in the country of
100 acres and dwelling and appurte?
nances thereon, or a homestead in a
city, town or village, not exceeding
82,000, gave rise to a lengthy and
lively discussion. T. J. Bobertson,
of Kichhind, moved to amend, by
nddiug that no homestead shall bo
exempted from levy nud sale for any
just debt existing prior to the adop?
tion of this Constitution. Ho said
ho was willing and would insist upon
a homestead law for tho future, but
was opposed to auy retrospective
law, or anything going back aud giv?
ing to tho men who brought about
the war, and staked their all ou se?
cession, $2,500 worth of property, at
the expense of the loyal men of the
country. He bad made his property
by colored men, and be wanted to
know if he was to give 82,500 worth
of property to disloyal men who bad
forced others in the Confederate
army, and givo tho colored mau
nothing? It would bo class legisla?
tion. He was, however, in favor of
every mau retaining a homestead
after he pays for it.
B. C. DeLargo advocated the sec?
tion as it was, even if it was retro?
spective in its operations. Ho differed
from the member from Bicbland
(Mr. Bobertson.) It was not intend?
ed for any special class, nor was it
the desire of tho Convention to moko
it a class measure. He desired to seo
all classes of people relieved by the
Act, and hoped the amendment would
be voted down.
J. M. Rutland favored tho passage
of the homestead law, so far as it was
to operato in the future, giving to
every one fair uotice that the home?
stead hereafter is to bo preserved
against all debts. But he opposed all
retrospectivo action, and thought re?
gard should be had for the interests
of. the poor creditors, as well as tho
poor debtors. It was also uncon?
stitutional to pass a retrospective law
or any law imp tiring tho obligation
The irrepressible Leslie also parti*
cipated, but was melted to'tedra by
his owu eloquence, and was forced to
NOTICES IN BANKRUPTCY.-Meet?
ings of the creditors of the under?
mentioned bankrupts, to provo debts
and choose assignees, will bo held at
tho oflico of the Registrar, B. B.
Carpenter, No. 50 Broad streot,
Charleston, S. 0. :
W. B. Cutter, Philip H. Kegler,
Edward Daly, B. M. Sc S. A. Win
stock, G. F. Von Kolnitz, Edmund,
Rcnjamiu Sc Solomon Scott, Daniel
G. Conner, A. J. Buries, Theodore
Cordes, Norman W. Kiusmau, John
B. Denis, John C. Bickley, Abo
l8ear, A. Louisa Wittschen, Charles?
Wm. L. Legett, Benuettsville.
B. L. McLeod, John G. Dinkins,
Chris. Gaillard, St. John's.
L. W. Williams, Aiken.
Jeremiah Biley, Orange.
Lucius S. Bellinger, Robert M.
J. B. Zone, C. B. Thompson,
Andrew J. Houser, Orangeburg.
R. W. Baker, W. T. Easterlin,
Bonjamin H. Wilson, Georgetown.
B. Bugin Briggs, Wright's Bluff.
Thomas S. Waring, St. Stephen's.
Madison P. Way, Lewisvillo.
J. P. Smith, Cho.
Mr. J. P. Benjamin, formerly Sec?
retary of State in Mr. Davis' Cabinet,
appeared for the prosecution in the
case of tho Queen vs. Sir G. E. Cul?
.*..*??. i ? y t
" A SHARP CORRESPONDENCE.-The
firm pi Au RUH t Belmont tt Go., ol
New York, in behalf of the Roths?
childs, lately sent a lot of Pe nu syl?
vania State stocks to the State Trea?
surer for redemption, and asked pay?
ment in gold. Mr. Kemble, the
Treasurer,, replied, declining to pay
in gold, und con duded his letter as
"I haye no doubt Messrs. August
Belmont & Go. had many liabilities
ont when the legal tender act was
gassed, which became due after gold
ad risen to a premium of eighty. I
have not yet heard of their con?
science compelling them to pay in
gold, instead of the legal tender. We
are willing to give you the pound of
flesh, but not one drop of Christian
Whereupon, Mr. Belmont responds,
and after referring to the conueotion
of the Bothschilds with the Pennsly
vania indebtedness, he says:
"August Belmont & Co. have never
declined to meet any demand for the
payment in coin of any liability con?
tracted by them in coin, before or
since the legal tender act."
And then he adds, for the especial
benefit of the late Treasurer:
"I take this opportunity to express
my regret that the State of Pennsyl?
vania should have for its treasurer n
person who could so far disgrace the
State he assumes to represent, and
forgot tho dignity of the ollico he
holds, as to reply lo a civil business
communication, iu u manner which
must raise the blush of shame ou tho
cheek of every citizen of that great
and honored State."
ANOTHER BEVOLUTTON.-The New
York Journal of Commerce, which has
all along been hopeful that the
troubles which uow beset tho coun?
try, as the fruit of radical policy,
would blow over, begins now to take
the alarm. So we infer from the
following note of warning, which it
places conspicuously at the bead of
its leading editorial column :
"It looks as if the zeal of those
who care more for party supremacy
than for the most vital interests of
the country, and who would rather
ruin the land we love than resign
their rulo over it, was about to plunge
them headloug into a course that
must ond in revolution. Those who
have hitherto been tho most hopeful
are now gloomy and despondent, for
madness seems to rule 'the hour, and
the folly of our legislators appears to
be without restraint. If the country
must pass through tho. fire before
Eeaco and uuity can be restored, per
aps it may as well como now as
THE MARRIED LIFE. -The universal
expectation bf " all young people is
that their married lives will bo happy
ones. Deluded dreamers! Thoy
imagino that they are different from
other people, aud thnt when they
outer tho-portals of matrimony, love,
ponce and prosperity will over be
their attendants. Such ones had
better by far consider themselves the
same as others, but form iron reso?
lutions to do differently from other
married people; resolutions that will
keep them from the dangerous coasts
on which so many have been wrecked
and ruined. Unhappy mnrringos do?
pend upon many causes. In this fast
ago there is too much deceit prac?
ticed by tho young of both sexes.
Previous to marriage, many try to
appear more intellectual, more ami?
able, or more accomplished than thoy
actually are. Depend upon it, that
love brought into existence by a
moonlight stroll, strengthened by
deceit and fashionable displays, and
finally consummated through the in?
fluence of intriguiug friends, will
fade in after life almost as fast as the
flowers which compose tho bridal
SKATING ON THE HEAD.-At Wil?
son's Skating Park, near the Biver
side House, Spriugwells, Michigan.
"Silas," a huge negro, bet that he
could okf??c. three times around the
bay on his head. A large skate,
made of railroad iron, for the ex?
press occasion, was strapped on hie
wooly sconce, and by the assistance
of two umpires, they placed him
upon his head-each ono holding his
pedal extremities. By the movement
of his head and tho muscles of his
neck, he propelled around ?ho bay
three times in just niue minutes; but
on the home stretch his guides suc?
cessfully landed him in an air hole
in the ice, aud he went down four
feet in tho river. He was immediate?
ly rescued, and no damago done to
The Selma Meisenger tells the fol?
lowing capital story, as genuine and
. trnnnrr flirt ttmcf onfrt??\?.'*???? A
industrious merchants of Selma, is
on? whom wo will/call Smith, princi?
pally because it isn't bia name; who
is blessed with a most exemplary wife
in all respects Bave one-she is of
rather a jealous disposition. Mr.
Smith has been oi late very much
engrossed in his business, and has
often codsumed his evenings over his
ledger, instead of in the bosom of his
family as has been his custom for
Sears. In reply to the queries of
[rs. S. on the subject, he would al?
ways say that he was employed in his
business. She did not understand
how business conld take up so much
of his time, and her suspicions were
aroused that it was not right. Visions
of hours spent by her husband in
other female society thau her own,
haunted her mind, and she made an
inward vow to watch him and seo for
Soon after arriving at this resolu?
tion, a telegram arrived for her hus?
band and was sent to his office,
which wus closed, as he had gone to
his supper. The carrier went to his
house and delivered it to tho servant
at the door. The gentleman not hav?
ing arrived, it was handed to his wife,
who, with true feminine curiosity,
read it. It was plaiu and short:
.'MONTGOMERY, Dee. -, 18G7.
"Mit. SMITH: Meet Gertrude to
Here was a horrible confirmation
of her worst fears. Controlling her?
self as best she could, she laid the'
despatch by his plate. He came in,
read it, and said he "would have to
go to town after supper, and might
not bo back till late; she need not'sit
up for him." He hurried through
his meal, took his hat, and walked
hurriedly down the street. Before
he had turned tho coruer, his wife
was following him swiftly and noise?
lessly. Ho went straight on, she
closo behind, until he reached the
wharf. After an apparent inspection
of the surroundings, ho stepped
down the hill and took a seat in the
office of the Magnolia.
His wife took a position whero sho
could seo him through tho glass door,
and waited for the finale-which was
expected in the shape of a Gertrude,
whom her faithless spouse was to
meet. Time dragged on wearily, and
the lady became drowsy nud at last
fellinto'a doze, from which she was
aroused by the 'shrill whistle of an
approaching steamer. Nearer and
nearer she came, and as sho rounded
to, tho name "Gertrude," in large,
brightly painted letters, met the view
of tho jealous wife, and a stentorian
voice inquiring if Smith waa on
hand, completed her awakening.
At a glauco, tho position was real?
ized, and tho poor woman could have
cried for vexation as sho saw her hus?
band and auother gentleman hurried?
ly transacting some business within a
few feet of har. At that moment, a
tipsy negro carno stumbling along,
and seeing a woman's dress half bid?
den among the bales and boxes of
merchandize, seized her, exclaiming,
' Como out ob dar, ole gal." Her
scream of terror brought her hus?
band to tho scene, whose astonish?
ment may be imagined. She fell into
his arms with a hysterical burst of
sobs, and explanations ensued.
The party returned home in a hack,
and somebody's head WM on some?
body's bosom all the way. Since
that time, all that Smith has to do to
avert a scolding is to insinuate that
ho will "meet Gertrude."
At Now Paris, Ohio, tho other day,
a number of ladies determined to
avail themselves of their "leap year"
privileges, by getting up a "surprise
party," and calling upon a couple of
gentlemen who had recently estab?
lished a whiskey shop in the town.
Armed with their knitting work, tho
party marched to the saloon, helped
themselves to seats, made themselves
as comfortable os possible, and staid
till night. Next morning the same
party caliea again, remained through?
out the day, wore re-inforced by a
strong company of recruits toward
nightfall, and did not depart till 0
! o'clock. Tho disgusted publicans,
swearing that "not a man carno in"
during the two days, quietly pulled
up stakes, packed up their unsold
rum, and evacuated tho town without
waiting for a third visit.
A NEW TEPIUTOBV.-A bill has
boen introduced in Congress for the
temporary government of tho terri?
tory of "Wyoming"-situated, we
believe, between Colorado and Mon?
Liooal T.terrjL?. ^
LECTURE THIS E VENIN o. --The series
of lectores by tho Professors of the
Boa th Carolina -University, will be
resumed this evening, at half-past 7
o'clock; when Prof. LaBorde will
expatiate on the Genius and Writ?
ings of Sir Walter Scott.
THE COTTON CHOP.-The cotton
speculators, having combined to raise
the price of cotton, the Southern
planters are in a state of. "high jinks."
The speculators design to stimulate a
large crop; hence 'these prices in
advance. They confidently rely upon
the gullibility of ont- farmers, and
(dready rejoice that the alluring bait
has been swallowed.- A correspond?
ent of the New York Herald thus
"The recent rise in the price of
cotton has already produced a magi?
cal effect in the South. "
Yes; and the decline in cotton uext
fall, the Augusta Constitutionalist sug?
gests, will produce another effeot
more melancholy than magical, we
SUDDEN DEATH.-James Sanders
Guignard, Esq., an old and highly
respected citizen of Columbia, is no
more. Yesterday morning, about
half-past 9 o'clock, his dead body was
found on the "Bluff Poad," two
miles below the city, and his mule
gtaziug a short distance off. Mr.
Guignard was oue of the oldest na?
tive born male citizens of Columbia
being sixty-four years and five months
old-having been born ou the 1st of
October, 1803; and was, we believe,
a resident of the city during his
whole life. Mr. G., for many years,
ntteudod to the offices of Ordinary
and Clerk of the Court, (both of
which were held by his father-the
last officer for Ufe who filled those
positions.) He had also been elected
several terms Alderman from Ward
No. 1. Mr. G. leaves a wife, several
children and a very large circle of
acquaintances to mourn his sudden
death. An inquest 'was held by
Coroner Walker, and a verdict of
"death by u visitation from God,"
rendered by the jury.
Tho editor of the Nashville Banner
has seen a corn cob, shaped like a
humau fore-arm, with a perfect hu?
man hand and fiugers at the small ot
the cob. Tho thumb and fingers of
tho hand aro complete. Even the
veins of the wrist and the finger uails
aro visible, and tho similitudo is so
striking that ho could almost imagiuc
the veius and sinews instinct with
human life. May it not, inquires the
Banner, be a warning hand upraised,
telling us to abandon tho culture of
cotton, aud give our undivided atten?
tion to corn?
Willis, when In Germany, bought ?\
a pair of garters at a fair, with a
wreath of Howers painted on them.
Inside tho delicato fabric was conse?
crated with some verses, which the
poet thus translated:
When night with morning lingers,
Awake and stirring bo;
And with your pretty fingers
Clasp this about your knee.
When day with evo reposos,
Aud stars begin to see,
Unclasp this band of roses, .
Aud, dearest, think of mo!
MAIL ARRANGEMENTS.-The post
office open during *he week from 8}4
o. m. to 6 p. m. On Sundays, from
\% to 2)4 p. m.
Tho Charleston and Western mails
are open for delivery at 2 p. m., and
close at 9 a. m.
Northern-Open for. dolivery at
10)i a. m., closes at 1 p. m.
Greenville-Open for dolivery at 3
p. m., closes at 8 p. ni.
Nsw ADVERTIKP.MENTH.-Attention ts call -
ed to the following advertisements, pub?
lished thia morning for tho il tnt Ihne:
Extra Meeting Blohland Lodge.
M. W. Bythewood-Auction Bale.
Leoture at University. t
W. T. Walter-For Sale or Bent.