Friday Morning, February 21, 1868.
Taxation ot Banda.
Goa. Logan's resolution, providing
for the taxation of United States
bonds to the extent of two per cent,
per annum, expresses a feeling which
we have reason to believe is all but.
Universal in the West. It has its
exponents also in the Atlantic States.
At least one New England Governor
has protested against the continued
exemption as an injustice to which
the community will not long submit,
and has insisted that tho bonds shall
hereafter bear their full proportion of
State burdons. It is in the West,
however, that the feeling has taken
deepest root, and enters most freely
x into the elements of future political
?discussion. Party distinctions disap?
pear before it. Republicnus and
Democrats are agreed upon the sub?
ject even more completely thau in
favor of ?n expansion of tho cur?
rency, aud a pronounced radical
brings it before Congress iu a form
that will probably compel some defi?
nite action. Tho Now York Times
thinks it will be unwise in tho bond?
holders to attempt resistance. It is
not the interest of any class to pro?
voke hostility by clinging tenaciously
to privileges which wear tho aspect of
injustice; and we believe that the
holders of national bouds will avert
.controversy, and in the end promote
their interests, by yielding somewhat
to the popular current. Whether
taxation or consolidation at a lower
rate will serve them beat, is a ques?
tion for themselves to answer; but
that one or the other is in store for
them, we hardly venture to doubt.
THE COTTON CULTURE.-The Au?
gusta (Ga.) Constitutionalist discusses
in detail the question whether cotton
can be profitably cultivated, and lays
it down that the safer method to ar?
rive at certain conclusions on that
point is to establish, first, what have
been the actual profits of cotton cul?
ture heretofore, and at what outlay;
and secondly, to' apply tho rules thus
obtained, as fairly us may be, to ex?
isting circumstances. It then pro?
ceeds to give the daily records of a
cotton farm, carefully made aud pre?
served for a period of thirty years,
by ono of tho most successful plant*
era aud accurato business mou of that
section. Tho statement is frum the
daily journal of his farm, from his
carefully kept day-book of expendi?
tures, and from tho account sales of
his factors for a term of fifteen years.
The ] limitation was ono of the largest
and best iu Georgia, all tho modern
improvements were put iu successful
practice on it, and tho ownor was
considered tho type of a successful
cotton planter. lu the expenses of
this farm the subsistence of tho
hands aud work animals, being irom
tho produce of tho plantation, is uot
included. The result, under favor?
able circumstances and good manage?
ment, was' $110 profit a year per
hand, over and above hand and borso
food. This leaves a very narrow
margin of cotton profit for tho pre?
sent time, when it is remembered
that meat cannot bo raised now in
that section at all, and that taxes aro
about as $12 to ono formerly. The
samo plantation hns been worked ou
a cheapor basis for the last two years
than any place in its vicinity, and
but $30.90 aro left to pay rent of
land and interest on investment.
Notwithstanding this beggarly result,
tho Constitutionalist says that prepara?
tions are going on for anothor crop
of the staplo, which, it fears, will in?
crease the impoverishment und ruin
of the South.
Thc Kansas legislators havo voted
themselves ten daily paper? each.
They go in for tho news at all evo nts.
The Boston Advertiser expresses
its astoniebdcnt as folluwa: "'There
is still a South. Wo have enforced
freedom, we have compelled loyalty,
we have declared equal rights, and
yet," etc. The New Orleans Times
shares in the Advertiser's wonder,
that "there is still a South;" still wo
can consolo them with the fact that
if they keep up the game much
longer, there won't be much of "a
South" left. We feel very much ns
"little Joe" did in "Bleak House,"
fully convinced I hat we have no
business to still live and be "a
South," and feel that it is very wick?
ed in ns, but we don't quito see how
we can well help it. Probably the
"Chndband" of tho Advertiser will
take pity on us, stop "talking to his
self" for a while, and help us out of
*TUK REVOLUTION IN JAPAN.-Tho
following moro detailed account of
tho revolution in Japan comes by
telegraph from San Francisco, under
date of February 1G:
Advices from Yokohomu, of Janu?
ary 25, state that a revolution had
broken out, iu consequence of the
opening of tho new ports. The
young Mikndo was seized by tho
principal princes of the empire,
Sat suma and-. The lato Shngoon
had fled from Rioto, tho capital, nud
shut himself in the rustle at Osaka,
under protection of tho allies fleet.
A distinct and solemn assurance had
been made by tho ministers of the
treaty powers, that they would not
in any way interfero in the struggle.
The Shagoon was collecting forces.
The confederated Dumios proposed
nothing, and the foreign ministers
were unlikely to take any steps until
after the assembling of the nobility
of tho Empire in council. Mean?
while tho country was without a re?
The disturbances at Yeddo wero
serious. Tho palace and chief en?
closure of tho Shagoon's castle and
residence of the ladies of his oourt
were burned on the 16th inst. Tho
palace is said to have been destroyed
by Satsuma's people while attempt?
ing to rescue a sister of this prince's
wife. Two days after, Satsuma's
chief palace at Yeddo was attacked
and destroyed by tho Shagoon's
troops, with considerable other of
his property. Tho Shngoon disa?
vows any quarrel with Satsuma, but
declares that ho only wished to dis?
lodge a band of robbers located in
tho places destroyed. It is reported
officially that 140 robbers were killed
and 160 wounded. Tho government
loss was between fifty and sixty kill?
ed and wounded. Tho survivors
made their way to a small steamer,
I belonging to Satsuma, and steamet!
out of tho harbor, followed by a war
vessel of the Shagoon, which got tho
worst in a fight. Satsuma's steamer
The new ports Osaka and Hiago
were forinully proclaimed open on
the 1st iustaut. There was no trade
worth mentioning. The condition
of tho first settlers was unpleasant.
Tho houses wero of an inferior de?
scription, scarce and dear. Provi?
sions commanded exorbitant prices.
Tho main settlement had been placed
nt Kino, a miserable fishing village
two miles from Hiago. General
opinion censures tho ministers for
selecting a site so inferior in every
REMOVAL OE MAYO? GAILLAIID.
We learn, from indisputable author?
ity, that an order from Gen. Cnnby
is now in print, and will bo promul?
gated to-dny, removing Col. P. C.
Gaillard from his ofllco as Mayor of
tho city of Charleston, and appoint?
ing Gen. W. W. Rums, of tho Com
missarv Department, to the muni?
cipal chair. We ure further informod,
that (Icu. Burns is not inclined to lill
th? vacancy occasioned by the re?
moval of Col. Gaillard. Mayor Gail
lard is, however, to bo removed, and,
if Gen. Burns does not accept tho
appointment ns his successor, some
other person can easily bo found.
The cause of the summary removal
of Mayor Gaillard is, to us, at pre?
I Charleston Mercury, 20///.
JOB WORK ! JOB WORK j
OF all descriptions-in my lino-attond
ed to promptly and done in a snperior
stylo pf workmanship, at the lowest possi?
ble figures. 8toro in Ehrlich's building,
Main street._HENRY H. B LEASE.
6BBLS. Trims Whole CAROLINA RICE,
for sale by . E. * G. D. HOPE.
NOMINATION ?p T*7?. GILMOHE
SIMMS.-Among the nominations
sent in to the Senate on Friday was
that of W. Gilmore Simms, the
Southern novelist, to be United
States Marshal for the District of
South Carolina. Opposition is made
to the nomination upon the ground
that Mr. Simms took -an active part
in the rebellion, and it is doubtful
if ho will be confirmed.
f Washington Star.
Died, of congestion of the brain, No?
vember 8, 1867, aged five years and eoven
months, JOHN JAMES, onlv eon of Dr. W.
L. and Mrs. E. C. Tou, of St. Matthew's,
And yet again! ere tho wail of mourn?
ing for the loved and lost of the household
treasures had been hushed, thc roaper
appeared among thc flower? and gathered
a frail but lovely bud, to transplant it in
tho moro gcuial elimo of tho better land.
Attracted by the "shining mark," tho
ruthless archer aimed his unorring, fatal
shaft, and a darker shadow rosts upon
that afflicted home-Johnnie "is not." In?
telligent, generous and affectionate, he
won the love of many hearts. Parental
affection pictured with glowing.pride tho
future of the promising boy; but, alae! for
earthly hopes-a sudden blow dispelled tho
cherished vision. Sad and silent now the
homo he left. His gleeful laugh aud merry
voice art; no more-no moro in pleading
tones tho oft-repeated request, "Sing for
me, 'I want to be an angel' anti 'Around
the throne.' " Loved childi thy vince is
tuned tt> sweoter music now. Fond pa?
rents, bereft, savo one, of all your jewels,
weep not. "as without hopo," o'er those
little graves. Think of tho littlo "minis?
tering spirits" ever hovering near you
think of the little angels around the
throne, who form a three-fold tie, binding
vour affections (?tere, and linger arountl
Heaven's gate to bid you wolootno homo
State Bills at Par, .
FOH GOODS, at retail.
_ Feb 21 ii _ Q^TA\9A99i
pr f\ BUSHELS prime SEED RICE, for
DU salo by E. A G. D. HOPE.
tf-ft A COTTAGE BUILDINO, on Main
.""?""?street, between Richland and Lumber
streets, containing four rooms aud a base?
ment; with a good well of wator and largo
garden. Por further particulars, apply at
tho store of Mus. C. RILLEY.
Flour! Flour! ! Flour! ! !
pTi^V RAGS EXTRA FAMILY FLOUR,
0\J 50 " No. 1 " "
Just received and for salo bv
-Feb 21 J. & T. R*. AGNEW.
With a full supply of Lamp Chimneys for
same, being tho beat burners for keroaono
aud star oil now in uso. Just received and
for salo by J. A T. R. AGNEW.
Nails! Nails! !
I f\f\ KEGS firs; quality NAILS. Just
lUv receivod and for salo bv
Fob 21 J. A T. R. AGNEW.
An eruption of tile skin, of thirty
yeur's standing, which defied tho skill o
tho doctors, was cured, in Philadelphia,
by using ffeinitah'a Queen's Delight.
LEMONS! LEMONS ! !
LARGE FLORIDA LEMONS, at
Feb 11_ G. DIEItCKS'.
Heinitsh's Crimson Tetter "\Vuxli,
for Tetter, Ringworm, Pimples, Worm
Spot?, Roughness of tho Skin-a cure for
Tetter and Ringworm.
. NONE but tho best; all warranted
jSBfcif'i give full satisfaction, and at such
SJ prices that, though tho "times aro
^3Chard," all can buv from
Fob 1 HENRY H. BLE ASE.
Fine Liquors, Segars, &c.
THE subscriber has just mado largo ad?
ditions of tho abovo to his stock, and
will tako pleasure in showing his friends
tho same. The purity and quality are
guaranteed in every respect, such as
HOLLAND GIN, 'Trinco of Orange,"
very obi and Ano.
American Oin, "Old Tom."
Otard, Dupuy A. Co.'s Brandy, vintage of
London Dock Brandy.
Port, Sherry and Madeira Wines.
Choice Old Bye Whiskoy, and a full as?
sortment of low grades.
Old Jamaica Rum.
Genuino DURHAM anti "BILL kui"'
Smoking, ino best brands in market.
Jan 25 GEORGE^ 8YMMER8._
Heinlein's ?tuet H'M Delight, for Tet
ter,|Pimples, Blotches, and Eruptions on
OF all kinds, at prices to suit the times.
Merchants will do well to call on
Feb 4 HENRY H. RLEASE.
PLANTERS and GARDNERS will find
ELLERRE'S PLANT TRANS-PLANT?
ER, (Patented ICth of Octobor, 18CG.) at
JOHN C. DIAL'S; by which surplus planta
of corn, cotton; or of any plant, may ho
trans-planted in tho same timo that the
soil can bo replanted, without disturbing
Ibo fibrous roots. J. C. DIAL,
Jan P.) f3mo_Goneral Agent.
Dsn't forget. The only sure cough
euro is Stanley's colcbratod Cough Syrup.
Sold by Fisher and Heinitsh.
WANTED, $1,000 in Billa Receivable.
Highest price paid in Hilver or Cur?
rency. ALFRED TO LEESON.
Feb 18 ____
THE undersigned has assumed charge
of Mr. R. C. Shiver's Blore at Rock
Hill, and will devoto his entiro attention to
the business. Ordora sent to the Colum?
bia etnre will be faithfully attended tn.
Feb 16_STARKE W. TORTER.
3AAA EMPTY SACKS.
,UUU FISHER A LOWRANCE.
Violin and Guitar Strings.
A NEW snpplv of genuine
ITALIAN STRING*; alao, a
ifni) assortment of Violoncello
_ 'Strings, with a choice selec?
tion of Violin Bowa. Screw?, Tail-boards,
Bridges, Rosin, Ac. At
Feb 4 tnf24? E. POLLARD'S.
Choice Sugar-Cured Hams,
AT 18 cents per pound. Call at
Feb 7 J. Ai T. R. AGNEW'S.
Sugar-cured Breakfast Strips,
Largo No. 1 Mackerel, very fat.
Rieb Goshen Rutter, at G. DIKRCKS*
IHAVE ono of these celebrated OIL
STOVES. All persons (especially tho
Ladiis) are invited to call and see it. I
am prepared to furnish them to nil, for al)
who ace them will have one.
HENRY H. PLEASE,
Feb 15Ehrlich's Building, Main street.
Scrofula, or King's l-l vii, ?H cured by
using Deinitsh's Queen's Delight.
THE COLUMBIA PHONIX
Rook, Job and Newspaper
Main Street, above Tay hr.
HAVE your PRINTING
done at this O?ice, for tho
following GOOD REASONS:
Tho proprietor is a Practical Printer.
And attends closely to his Busiueas.
The Office is supplied with Everything
Necoaaary to turn out Good Work.
rricea Lower than any other establishment
In this State, or even New York.
Pamphlets, Circulars, Bill Heads,
Letter Heads, Posters, Hand-bills,
Receipts, Ball Tickets. Invitations,
Dray Tickets, Checks, Briefs,
Programmes, Drafts, Blanks,
Wedding, Visiting and Business Cards, Ac,
Of all styles and sizes; in fact,
Every Description of Printing!
In one, two and three colors and in bronze,
promptly attended to.
JULIAN A. SELBY, Proprietor.
Columbia. S. C. February '20, 18118._
SELLING OFF BELOW NEW YORK
COST.-The undersigned wishes to call
tho attention of his friends, and citizens
generally, of Columbia and vicinity, to the
fact that he wishes to leave this city on
account ol' business engagements else?
where, and that ho is duty bound to sell
oil' his entiro atoek of GENTLEMEN'S
FINE READY-MADE CLOTHING below
New York wholcsalo prices: also, Cassi
merea and Cloths, an assortment of Gent's
Furnishing Goods, Ladies' and Gent's
Shoes, and various other articles too mi?
merons to mention; all of which must bo
sold off WITHIN TEN DAYS. Please call
and judge for yourselves, at
SAMUEL PI SER'S,
Main street, opposite J. C. Dial's.
N. B. All parties indebted to mo will
please call immediately at the storo and
aettlo, to avoid all inconvenience. By so
doing, you will greatly obligo
Feb 12_ SAMUEL PISER.
Landreth's Gardeu Seeds.
Alargo variety of frosh and reliable
SEEDS, just received from that well
known house of David Landroth & Sons.
Wholcsalo and retail at
_Janl2t?l* E. POLLARD'S.
OFFICIAL History of the Secret Sor
vico. By Gon. L. C. Baker, lato Pro?
vost Marshal of tho War Department aud
Chief of National Police. Announced a
year ago, but suppressed by tho Govern?
ment. Profusely illuatrated. Subscription
Two New Books, by "Brick" Pomeroy,
editor of the LaCrosso (Wis.) Democrat.
Tho First, "Sense," or Saturday Night
Musings and Thoughtful Papers.
Tho Second, Nonsense, or Hits and Criti?
cisms on tho Follies of tho Day. $1.50
Napoleon and Blucher. ByL. Muhlbach.
On Both Sides of tho Sea-A New Schoen?
berg Cotta Family Book-A Sequel to
Dreytons and Davenenta.
At DUFFIE A CHAPMAN'8
Jan 24 Bookstore, Columbia, S. C.
EATING HOUSE AT ALST0?7
X>A.S8ENOFRH on thc Greouviile and
_?_ Columbia Railroad, can got BREAK?
FAST and DINNER at Alston-ample time
being allowed. *
Deo 27 MARY A. ELKIN & SON.
The Phoenix Weekly Letter Slieet |
Prices Current and Market Report
will be issued this (Friday) nf ter noon.
Those desiring copies, will hand in
their orders as early ns practicable.
Tho advance in cotton has been
tho means of bringing a large quan?
tity of the fleecy article to market.
As a consequence, the streets are
filled with wagons, business is brisk,
andj the countenances of the mer?
chants aro beaming with delight. In
fact, for the past Week, the complaint
of "hard times" lins not been heard.
Bring in your cotton promptly, yo
who have any on hand, as there is
no telling what a day may bring forth
in tho way of prices.
TUE LECTURE AT THE UNIVERSITY.
The subject of Sir Walter Scott, his
genius and writings, was beautifully
presented to us last evening, by Dr.
LaBorde. Who has not, at some
period of his life, been enraptured
by the masterly portraitures and
vivid descriptions in tho novels and
poems of Scott, aud returned again
and again to the perusal of his
works? Few uames iu literature at?
tract us more, und few subjects could
have been chosen moro gratifying to
au audience. The sketch of the
author's career was impressive, and
the closing scene nt Abbotsford, of
his'useful aud laborious life, was most
affectingly uarrated by the lecturer.
The large audience gave evidence of
tho interest attached to tho theme
and. the pleasure anticipated from
the graphic powers of Dr. LaBorde.
The lecture announced for next
Thursday evening, is Goethe's Faust;
the lecturer Prof. Sachtleben.
SECURING EMIORANTS FOB THE
SOUTH.-Tho efforts to secure emi?
grants from Europe for Southern
settlement uro pretty general. Tho
Baltimore Sun states that several of
the Southern railroad and steamship
lines, in order to facilitate emigra?
tion, have made arrangements to
issue a regular emigrants' ticket from
New York to all poiuts in the South.
A special agent is to bo stationed at
Castle Garden, New York, to accost
emigrants on their arrival there from
Europe, aud prevail upon, them to
proceed South immediately. The
railroads are, of course, interested iu
securing these passengers; but the
Southern States must fake stops be?
yond tho Atlantic, at tho starting
poiut of the emigrant, to fix his des?
tination within their borders, if they
would certainly secure a due share of
population from abroad.
MAIU ARRANGEMENTS.-Tho post
oflico open during tho week from 8)4
a. m. to 6 p. m. On Sundays, from
1% to 2}? p. m.
Tho Charleston and Western mails
aro open for delivery at 2 p. m., aud
close at 9 a. m.
Northern-Open for delivery at
IO1.< a. m., closes at 1 p. m.
Greenville-Open for delivery nt 3
p. m., closes at 8 p. m.
NEW AnvEhTiRiiMKNTK.-Attention ia cali -
cd to tho following advertisements, pub?
habed this morning tor Die first time.
Gregg fe Co.- State Bills at Par.
E. fi G. D. Hope-Seed Bico.
Mrs. C. Billey- House to Bent.
I). C. Poixotto&Son-Auction.
J. fi T. B. Agnew-Flour, otc.
A. S. Wallace-Salo of Houses.
AN HISTORICAL TALE; by Mundt.
Translated by Brandford. In one
volume. Prico tl.50; cloth $2.
History of tho United Netherlands-se?
quel to Hutch Itepublic; by Motley.
A Stormy Lifo, a novel; by Lady Geor?
giana Fullerton, with plates. Prico $1.50
Duffs Railroad, Bank and Morekant's
Quoon victoria's new book, Lifo in tho
Bighlands, &o. Trico #1.75.
Also, a new supply of Inez, by author
if St. Elmo. $1.75.
Now English Novels, cheap. For salo at
I. J. McCarter's bookstoro.
Feb 8_ R. L. BRYAN.
RICH GOSHEN BUTTER, for sale
cheap, at G. DIERCKfl'.
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