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?aday Moraine ? February 23,1868.
" The Baltimore Sun callB attention
Mo .-a speech delivered at Mansfield,
-Ohio, 'by Hon. A. G. ?Thurman,
lUaited States Senator elect, which
?watains some facta well calculated to
? impresa the people of the North with
3bo direct interest which tbey have
i ia restoring the peace and prosperity
*I~ tbe-South. Speaking of the taxes
derived isom internal revenue alone,
JEr. Thurman says that the amount
jwttd by the whole ten of the South
.sra States for the last fiscal year was
$19,693,749; in the same year, Ohio
poid $25,081,409-80 that the South?
am States, which formerly paid their
full share, if not more, of the taxa?
tion of the country, are now so re
-daccd that, in the last fiscal year,
Ohio paid $5,387,000 more than
theni all. Senator Thurman then
undertakes to demonstrate that the
taxation ef the people of this coun?
try is far greater than ever was im?
posed upon any people. In the last
.fiscal year, $500,000,000 were collect?
ed in taxes by the General Govern?
ment alone. The taxes collected by
th? States amount to not quite $200,
090,000 -moro-making the entire
.taxation., in round numbers, $700,
'000,000. The gross annual produc?
tion of the industry of the United
States, according to the censas of
I860, was $2,000,000,000. Allowing
lor the?diminished production of the
South, and for increased prioes, it is
mot ?apposed to be greater now.
Tiras moro than one-third of tho
whole annual product of the indus?
try -of the country is absorbed by
taxation. Mr. Thurman then pro
-eeods to inquire what is the.net profit
of -the production of this country;
and.taking as a standard the average
rate at which money is loaned and
borrowed-that being a rule laid
-?own hy every writer on political
oeouomy, .to obtain an approximate
idea of the net profits of the produc
^tion-of a country-and assuming ten
,per cen* *,w* average rate of inte
-azF.t. in t United States, which is
certainly . jh enough, the not profits
of the industry of the United States,
AC ?the productions of agriculture and
manufactures of all kinds, wonld be
$200,000,000. Thus taxation draws
irom the people $500,000,000 a year
mare than the net profits of all the
producing industry of the United
States-a great portion of the taxa?
tion, however, being, of course, upon
aon-productivo employments, those
engaged in buying commodities and
celling them again, who, though se?
curing large individual gains, do not
fjacrease the wealth of the country a
particle. Yet the startling fact re
xaaius that one-third o' the gross
annual produot of the industry of
the country is absorbed by taxation.
Such is the price which tho people
must continue to pay, so long os a
policy is pursued which renders ne?
cessary largo military establishments
and freedmen's bureaus, and which
bando over one of the largest and
formerly most productive sections of
the country to increasing impoverish?
ment and the prospect of ultimate
NORTHERN ACCOUNTS FROM THU
??P>CO?:V M?IJ?T?R? DISTRICT.-Tho
Washington correspondent of the
New York ?Vmessays: "Advices from
?he Carolinas state that Gen. Conby's
administration is giving groat satis?
faction to tho Unionists of tho Second
Dktrict ; in North Carolina, particu?
larly, where thoy aro about ready for
the . Constitutional election. They
?eei satisfied thnt under his judicious
regulations apprehensions of a repe?
tition of the Alabama fizzle are
Monday, the 17th of February, was
the anniversary of the ratification of
tho Treaty of Ghent.
- TH? BckOVAZ. OP THB (^?PTT?ii.
That the Federal Capital will be re?
moved from ita present locality, the
IUch??o?d Dispatch thinks is, one of
the certain fatare acts of thia nation.
The late vote on the proposition to
translate it to some place in tho Mis?
sissippi Valley ought to satisfy any
man of this. That vote was strictly
sectional, and stood seventy-seven to
ninety-seven in the lower house of
Congress-a majority of twenty only
against the change; and that, loo,
upon the first occasion of the serious
agitation of the question. We have
but to note that the vote waa section?
al, and to remember that the con?
trolling power of numbers in this
country is fast settling in the great
West, to convince us that the days of
Washington, as the Federal Capital,
Henry Ward Beecher, in a commu?
nication to the New York Ledger,
contrasting the influence over chil?
dren of the rod and the sugar plum,
owns up to having been long and
grievously in error. He said he tried
tho rod in governing his children,
but uses the sugar plum with his
grand-children. ? Probably the same
discipline in politics would benefit
here. It is certainly unfortunate for
the South, says tho New Orleans
Thnes, -hat he waa not born half a
century earlier, so that tho present
generation could have come in for
his grand-fatherly sweets, instead of a
surfeit of tongue-lashings.
CAUOUSSINO.- The Charleston ive wa,
of the 22d, says:
"Last evening a caucus was held,
it is understood, for the purpose of
completing nominations; but with
what result we are not informed.
The colored delegates are said to be
exceedingly annoyed at the division
of spoils, and a new 'slate' is.being
prepared, whereon will be written the
names of tho 'to-be-distinguished,'
who expect to fill the proud places of
"F. li. Cardoza, Rev. R. H. Cain,
and one or two other colored men,
have gone to Washington as a sort of
self-constituted committee on a pros?
pecting tour. First, their object is
to find out whether a colored man, if !
elected to Congress, will be 'wei
corned with hospitable hands,' Aa;
secondly, why 8peaker Colfax treated j
such a proposition, made by letter
.somo time ago, with contemptuous
silence; thirdly, whether the Conven?
tion is sufficiently radical to be a
success in tho eyo of the boss recon
structionists of Washington; and
finally, whether any arrangement can
be made to carry out a land scheme,
by which the freedmen may enjoy
their new petted day-dream as a
i bona fide reality.
"The general impression is that the
mission will prove a failure, and that
the colored people of the State will !
be most thoroughly disgusted by the j
so-called friendly promises of tho
Du Chaillu is lecturing on tho
gorilla in New York. Ho is said to
be a man of much humor, and very
entertaining. At a public dinner in
a Northern city ho was importuned
for a gorilla story, and, in compli?
ance, told oue of his best. A distin?
guished city official, notorious for
his ncgrophilism, who had on soveral
occasions manifested in a good
humored way his incredulity with
regard to M. Du C's stories, ap?
proached him when through his nar?
rative, and addressed him: "M. Du
Chaillu, I have heard your marvel?
lous story of your encounter with
tho gorilla. I desire to kaow what
you suppose a mun like me, raised in
a city, knowing nothing about hunt?
ing, and never in the African forest,
would bo likely to do upon suddenly
raeoting tho gorilla faco to face?"
Tho African traveler promptly re?
plied: "With somo knowledgo of
your antecedents, Mr. -, I should
suppose that if you wero to meet tho
gorilla, you would, nssuming tho at?
titude of courtesy and friendship,
impressively and appenliug say to I
him: "Am I not a 'mun and n
brother?' " It was tho best thing of
the banquet, and long kept np the
uncontrollable mirth of the guests.
Tho Astor House Hotel, iu New
York, rents for $55,000 a year.
An army of 2,000 Indians are
marohing into the Sweetwater Coun?
try from Idaho and Mentana. They
r.rc ou Vue wnr patti, a d have burn?
ed all the ranches North of Seneca
Springs, and driven off all the stock.
They also barned the houses and
compelled two ranchmen to fly for
Quite a number of charter elections
have been held recently in the West?
ern and interior Counties of New
York, which have resulted favorably
for the Democracy, exhibiting oon
sirler?b!e gai s 3 even upon the ma?
jority of 48,000, whioh the Democrats
obtained last fall.
Mrs. Weaver, the insane woman
who recently murdered her five chil?
dren, and who was in jail at Pem?
broke, Ontario County, New York,
committed suicide on Monday night,
by hanging herself to the door of her
Burglars in Louisiana are reduoed
to the necessity of breaking into the
penitentiary at Baton Rouge, and
stealing the clothes of the convicts.
At Sandv Rnn, on tho 19th inst., hy Hov.
E. Wanna'maker, Mr. WM. M. BECKHAM,
of Richland, to Miss N. S. Wolfe, of Sandy
ay Charleston Mercury and Courue
At Lexington C. H., on Thursday morn?
ing, tho 20th inst., by Rer. Wm. Martin,
HENRY J. HEIBLES. of Sandy Run, to
Mrs. AMANDA M. WOLFE, daughter of
John Fox, EHO.., of Lexington.
AFEW pair of Mad. Demoresi's ele?
gant fitting FRENCH CORSETS, at
tho INDUSTRIAL DEPOSITORY.
THE Cotton Oin WAREHOUSE, located
corner Gadsden and ' ady streets.
COTTON GINS, with PRES md LEVER
POWER, will be rented with ihe buildings
if desired. Apply to
8. H. SPENCER,
Feb 23 (i?_Qi. the premises.
JUST received several of BRINLEY'S
UNIVERSAL PLOWS, of all sizes,
which will bo sold at manufacturer's
prices. Apply at once to
8. H. SPENCER,
Feb 28 6? At Cotton Gin Warehouse.
COPELAND & BEARDEN.
.-esp*^ GO BAGS Extra FAMILY
?yOt?kal 10,000* lbs. Bacon SIDES
i InBriff SHOULDERS,
a??HSHBa 20 bags Rio Coffee,
5 hilda, idolassos,
10 hbds. Coffee Sugar,
50 sacks Liverpool Salt,
Bagging and bale Rope. Feb 23
State Bills at Par,
FOR GOODS, at retail.
Feb 21 6_GREGG A CO.
pr/TV BUSHEL8 prime SEED RICE, for
DU salo by E. A G. D. HOPE.
Flour! Flour! ! Flour! ! !
tXr\ BAGS EXTRA FAMILY FLOUR,
OKJ 50 .? No. 1 " "
Just received and for sale bv
Feb 21_J. A T. R. AGNE W._
With a full supply of Lamp Chimneys for
samo, being tho bost burners for kerosene
and star oil now in imo. Just received and
for salo by J. & T. R. AGNEW.
Nails! Nails! !
1 r\(\ KEGS first quality NAILS. Just
XV^f \_f received and for salo by
Fob 21_B- AGNEW.
MA COTTAGE BUILDING, on Main
street, between Richland and Lumber
streets, containing four rooms and A base?
ment; with a good well of water and largo
garden. For further particulars, applv at
HID store of Mus. C. RILLEY.
Feb 21_ . 3*__
WANTED, $1,000 in Bills Receivable.
Highest price paid in Silver or Cur?
rency. ALFRED TOLLESON.
Sugar-cured Broakfa^t t'trips,
Large No. 1 Mackerel, veiy fat,
Rich Goshen Butter, at G DIERCK8*.
ON hand, and for Balo, STATE BILLS
RECEIVABLE, for all dues to the
State. GREGG, PALMER A CO.
SOUTHERN BANK NOTES!
Bought and sold on commission by
LAWRENCE, 3E0S. & CO.,
NO. 16 WALL STREET. NEW YORE.
MONEY received on depositfrom bauke,
bankers, merchants and othors. Or
dors in Gold, Government and other Secu?
rities executed at tbo regular Stock Ex
chango by a member of the firm. Oct 8
Da WITT O. LA WHENCE. JOBS R. Cacm.
CYIIOS J. LA WHENCE. WM. A. fi Ai.sTicn
The welvcs ara fool disappearing,
we should say, if ope is to judge bj
what is recorded under tho head of
"Married," in this morning's Phoenix.
REMOVE THE RUBBISH.-The atten?
tion of the city authorities (or, we
suppose, the Committee on Streets)
is called to the amount of rubbish
which has been allowed to collect in
some cf the public streets. Have
these eye-sores removed, gentlemen;
they are unattractive and really dan?
gerous, as horses are often frightened
We have been requested to an?
nounce that on address will be de?
livered before the Mariou Street Sun?
day School, this evening, at half-past
7 o'clock, in the Mnriou Street Me?
thodist Church. Several odes suited
to the occasion will be sung by the
children. The patrons and friends
of the school, aud tho public gene?
rally, are invited to be presont.
RELIGIOUS SERVICES THIS DAY.
Trinity Church-Rev. P. J. Shand,
hector, lOJ.j a. m. and 3 p. m.
Presbyterian Church-Rev. W. E.
Boggs, pastor, 10>.i a. m.
St. Peter's Church-Rev. J. J.
O'Connell, 10 a. m. and 3 p. m.
Wu.shington Street Chapel-Rev.
Wm. Martin, IO,1*;' a. m. and 7|.<
Marion Street Church-Rev. S. H.
Browue, 10]., a. m. Church Confer?
ence at 3'.j p. m.
Lutheran Lecture Room-Rev. A.
t R. Rude, lO.hi a. m.
Baptist Church-Rev. J. L. Rey?
nolds, IO.1 .j a. m.
Christ Church Congregation-Theo?
logical Seminary Chapel-No service
on account of the illness of the
THE LADIES' BENEVOLENT ASSOCIA?
TION.-On Tuesday evening next, at
Gregg's Hall, the ladies who com?
prise this truly benevolent society,
propose to give a musical entertain?
ment. Our fair countrywomen de?
serve our praise aud our timuka for
their efforts to aid the distressed and
those who have been impoverished
by the war. To this end they call to
their assistance the taste aud taleuts
of our community-now they appeal
to the ear with the melody of their
own sweet voices-now they gratify
the eye with an exhibition of living
pictures-now they employ the per?
suasive and eloquent tones of the
orator-now they address themselves
to the grosser nppetito and spread a
table of delicious viands. And all for
what? Not to benefit themselves,
but for the benefit of the poor of our
community; yes, tho poor-who are
now poor, but were once rich. Theil
hearts move towards theso, and they
devote their time to their aid, uot
by way of charity, which is so often
cold and heartless, but by kindly af?
fording them an opportunity of^help
ing themselves. Yes, these same
noble women, who erected waysidf
homes for tho weary and wounded
soldier, are now struggling to give
employment to tho widow and th(
fatherless. To accomplish this pur
pose, friends, they need money
they do not beg for money, but thej
proposo to give you money's worth
Who, then, will withhold a small con
tributiou on Tuesday evening next!
Take our word for it, yon will b(
richly repaid by a visit to the concerl
room. This association is iu itself r
beautiful benevolence, and appeah
to tho highest and noblest instincts
of our nature. Does it not cali fort!
tho beuovolcnco of others? Wher
you sit iu your own comfortablt
homes, with your family smiling ir
rosy health around you, think of th?
poor famine-pinched children of th<
South, and let your heurts nnswei
the question. And remember thal
benevolence, like mercy,
;-"is not atrain'd,
It droppeth as tho gentle rain from ifea^e^
Upon tho place beneath-it is twlct
It blesses him that gives and him thai
Mr. Bythow?od offers for sole a
?riety cf atti ?eli ve articles, to?
morrow-among them a lot of fine
Charleston-mado ' boots, shoes, etc.
Call, Bee and bo convinced.
To THE FRIENDS OF THE SUNDAY
SCHOOL CAUSE.-Mr. W. T. Farrow,
State Missionary of the American
Sunday School Union, whose uddress
is Greenwood, S. C., writes: "My
tour North bas been successful, and
if there are any children in the State
without books, I can furnish them to
thone who are unable to pay. If you
need boohs for the poor of your
neighborhood, to enable you to es?
tablish a ^auday school, plecae notify
me, and state, also, your location,
number of children, name of the
school, name of superintendent,
number of teachers, and how a pook
age of books can reach you. When
I make a donation, I expect the su?
perintendent to acknowledge the re?
ceipt of the same, and report to me
occasionally tho condition of tho
MAIL ARRANGEMENTS.-The post
office open during tho week from 8>??
a. m. to 6 p. m. On Sundays, from
\)i to2j.< p. m.
The Charleston and Western mails
aro open for delivery at 2 p. m., and
close at 9 a. m.
Northern-Open for delivery at
10l.? a. m., closes at 1 p. m.
Green ville?-0 pen for delivery at 3
p. m., closes at 8 p. m.
NEW AJ>VK!IT?8EIONTB.-Attentiou is call -
ed to the following advertisements, pub?
habed thia morning for tho first time
Corsets at tho Industrial Depository.
Copeland A Dearden-Flour, Ac.
H. H. Hpencer-To Rent, Ac.
C. F. Jackson-Dry Goods.
M. W. Bythewood-Auction Sale.
8CLLING OFF BELOW NEW YORK
COST.-Tho undersigned wis1.ms to eall
thu attention of his friends, and citizens
generally, of Columbia and vicinity, to the
fact that ho wishes to leavo this city on
account of business engagements else?
where, and that ho is duty bound to sell
off his entiro stock of GENTLEMEN'S
FINE READY-MADE CLOTHING below
New York wholesale prices; also, Cassi
meres and Cloths, an assortment of Gent's
Furnishing Goods, Ladies' and Gent!?
Shoos, and various other articles too nu?
merous to mention; all of which must bo
sold off WITHIN TEN DAYS. Please call
and jud^e for yourselves, at
Main street, opposite J. C. Dial's.
N. B. All parties indebted to mo will
please call immediately at tho storo and
settle, to avoid all inconvenience. By so
doing, yon will greatly oblige
Feb 12_SAMUEL PISER. .
AN HISTORICAL TALE; by Mundt.
Translated by Brandford. In ono
volume. Price $1.50; cloth $2.
History of tho United Netherlands-se?
quel to Dutch Ropublic; by Motlev.
A Stormy Lifo, a novel; hy Lady Geor
Giana Fullerton, with plates. Price $1.50
Duff's Railroad, Bank and Merchant's
Queen victoria's new book, Lifo in the
Highlands, ko. Price $1.75.
Also, a new supply of Inez, by author
of St. Elmo. $1.75.
Now English Novels, cheap. For salo at
J. J. McCarter's bookstore.
Feb 8 _B. li. BRYAN.
Landreth's Garden Seeds.
Alargo variety of fresh and reliable
SEEDS, just rcceivod from that well
known home of David Landreth A Sons.
Wholesale and rotuil at
Jan 12 +21? E. POLLARD'S.
PLANTERS and GARDNERS will find
ELLERBE'S PLANT TRANS-PLANT?
ER. (Patented Kith of Octobor, 18fi<>,) at
JOHN C. DIAL'S; by which surplus plants
of corn, cotton, or of any plant, may bo
trans-planted in tho samo timo that tho
soil can bo replanted, without disturbing
the fibrous roots. J. C. DIAL,
Jan 19 fSmo General Agent.
ALL persons having claims against tho
estato of WM. HOPKINS, decoascd,
will present tho samo proporly attested;
and all persons indebted will mako pay?
ment to MUS. E. T. HOPKINS,
Executrix, Hopkins T. O., S. C.
Feb !) ml3*
LARG F FLORIDA LEMONS, at
FJ b 11 _ O. PIERCES'.
EATIKG HOUSE AT ALSTON.
T) ISSRNOERS on the Greonvillo and
Columbia Railroad, can got BREAK?
FAST and DINNER at Alston-ampio time
De.; 27 MARY A. ELK IN A SON.
Choice Sugar-Cured Hams,
AT 18 cents per pound. Call at
Feb 7 J. A T. R. AGNEW'S.