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Wednesday y?Tiiag,feb. 26,1888.
Negro Government tm the- South.
We should think nobody could
?upposo that Ihls oei^'it?pnUtinn ?f
the South will be able to 'retain for,
any length of time tho political con?
trol that has been placed in their
hands. Congress has done for them
all that can possibly bo done. They
hare had majorities in all the State
Conventions. By their votes the
Constitutions haye been formed. In
their interest laws have been made,
and for their advantage the frame?
work of things boa been fixed. They
seem to feel, the New York Times
truthfully remarks, that power has
been permanently secured to them,
and their special admirers in Con?
gress act as though there could be no
doubt of their continued supremacy.
Yet tho simple fact that tbey consti?
tute only a third of the population of
the .3outhern States, is conclusive as
J to their, political subordination in the
long run. In forming themselves
into a party opposed to thc whites,
they have challenged a direct contest
on this point, and as the struggle is
definitely and pointedly between the
races qua races, they have compelled
a decision of their claims npon this
ground. . In our system, numbers
must inevitably tell. By the dis
. franohisement of a large number of
the whites, and the conferring of
universal suffrage upon the blacks,
an advantage may be temporarily se?
cured to the latter. But, at most,
this can only have its effect for a few
years. Every year sees a vast crop
of young men attain their majority,
to whom the disfranchising laws, be?
cause of participation in the rebel?
lion, have no application; and before
ten years have passed we shall have
hundreds pf thousands of white
voters in the South who cannot be
disfranchised without an overthrow
of Democratic government. This
alone will give the whites a numerical
preponderance that will easily over
dome the political supremacy of the
blacks. The negroes, now, have all
the advantages of their numerical
strength. The future can bring them
no increase. Beside their fixed and
absolute inferiority in numbers, they
mnst grow relatively weaker every
day. If this statement alone were
not conclusive against the political
dominance of the blacks, we would
refer to other fixed points that the
white population of the South will
continue to hold in their favor. The
possession of the landed property,
the commercial control, the brain
superiority, tho political traditions,
are with the white race, and will con?
tinue there. Tho negro, we trust,
will continue to grow in general
knowledge, in political wisdom and
in Democratic capacity; but it will be
a long time before he is equal in
these respects to a race which has
. the history and opportunities of the
American whites. On the broad
grounds of race, character, condi?
tions, institutions, history and num?
bers, it is evident that the black race
cannot retain political control of tho
South, and equally evident that the
race which has enormous advantages
in all these points must show their
effect in politics, government and
power. It is worth while for Con?
gress to keep this in mind in its
political legislation for the South.
SKETCHES nw TUE DELEGATES TO
THE CONVENTION.-It is announced
that tbeso sketohes, which havo been
published in tho Charleston Mercury
from day to day for some time past,
have been collected, and will be pub?
lished from that office, complete.
Price of the whole series of sketohes,
including also somo incidonts and
other interesting mutter, twenty-live
couts per single copy, or Ave copies
for one dollar.
pMpjgaaMi^i i .illili,
We extract the following summary of
th*, proceedings pf the thirty-third
day from the Charleston N'?tes:
The following ordinance was re?
ported by B. F. Randolph, from the
Committee on Miw^Hanapn- Prcvi
810?8 of " tho Constitution, and made
a special order lor\8a*orday:
Be ii ordained, tte, -That equity
and justice demand for the children
of tina State, in all. eases where real
estate was transferred, either at pub
lio sale or otherwise, for Confederate
securities or currency during the war,
said transfer, ho matter by whom
made, shall be absolutely null and
void, wherever based upon such se?
curity; and the original owners and
guardians may enter apon and take
Eossession of such real estate in De?
alt of said minor children, unless
the same ia paid for in the currency
of the United States.
?. C. Richmond presented a peti?
tion praying the Convention to arrest
the exeoution of the sentence of
death upon Benjamin Hogan, a
colored mass convicted of arson at
the last Coon of General Sessions in
Charleston. The petition was refer?
red to the Committee on Petitions.
B. F. Randolph presented the pe?
tition of Thomas O wings, convicted
of felony in Laurens District, asking
the Convention to recommend the
removal of his political disabilities.
Referred to the Committee on Peti?
E. W. M. Mackey offered a resolu?
tion, which was adopted, to appoint
a special committee of nine to draft
an ordinance prescribing the mode
and providing for the election of
The Convention then proceeded to
discuss the first and second clauses
of the executive article of tho Con?
stitution. A long and animated de?
bate tood place on the proposition to
strike ont th? provision requiring
four years' residence as a qualifica?
tion for the Governor, and to insert
two years, the object, as it was
averred, being to afford an opportu?
nity to any Northern man who might
be nominated to ran for the office.
The purpose of patting a United
States officer in nomination was
strongly hinted at in the course of
the debate, and there is no doubt
that some political combinations are
on foot to bring out additional can?
The Convention adjourned without
disposing of all the amendments to
the section offered, so that the consi?
deration of the subject will be re
eamed this morning.
THE TWO GENERALS THOMAS.-The
reader must not confound the Gen.
Thomas appointed to the War De?
partment in the place of Stanton,
with Gen. Thomas of Chattanooga
and Nashville. The former, Lorenzo
Thomas, now quite an old mau, wat
formerly Adjutant-General of thc
army, and latterly, we believe, tilt
general superintendent or inspectoi
of the national cemeteries, and stiL
later restored to the post of Adju?
tant-General in the War Office. The
latter, Gen. George H. Thomas, how
in command of the Department ol
the Cumberland, (Kentucky and Ten
nesseo,) is in the prime of life.
The Washington Intelligencer say
that it is proposod that the business
men of each State call a commercial
and financial national convention
which body shall represent the trm
and vital interests of every section o
the country. North, South, East anc
West, to tako action regarding tb
ii i m i ici ul and commercial interests o
State Bills Receivable.
STATE OP SOUTH CAROLINA BILL!
RECEIVABLE on band. Partien re
quiring same to pav taxes can be suppliei
by J. A T. R. AGNEW.
Medical Society of Columbia.
AHPECIAL mooting will be held THU
EVENING, at Dr. Geiger's office, a
half-past 7 o'clock. Punctual aUoudanc
of members earnestly desired. Bv orde
of tho President. R. W. GIBBES,
For Sale or Rent.
THE RESTAURANT on Assembly stree!
opposito tho Market, known as "Fan
ning'a Restaurant," with a full supply c
LIQUORS, Ac, or without tho Llquore
Apply to RIOH'D FLANIGAN.
Two or Three Rooms To Let,
FOR a small family, or for singlo gen
tlomon, with or without board. In
quire of F. CARBI, near O. Z. Bates', 01
Oates street. Feb 21 2
W.TAIIK*--The following con?
vers?t *n occurred 'between General
Thomt* ana ^r. Stanton,' on Fri?
Mr. Stanton said td Gen. Thomas,
What's yonr business in this office?
Ges. Tiio?oo r?p?ied that he waa
there by_yirtue,of bia office as Secre?
tary, ol War ad.it?fgitQ? ,
Mr. Stanton th?n ordered him to
his Office? as Adjutant-General. Gen.
Thomas refused; said be was Secre?
tary of War, bV 'Virtue of the orde?
from the President.
Mr. Stanton inquired who had ap?
pointed him Secretary of War. Tbe
General replied, "The President of
tbe United States." Mr.' Stanton
rejoined, "I do not recognize any
suoh authority, and will not obey
any orders from him."
Mr. Stanton then repeated the
order several times, ana to all tbe
orders Gen. Thomas paid no heed.
Mr. Stanton then issued an order
to all the employees of the War De?
partment not to obey Gen. Thomas
as Secretary of War, and Gen.
Thomas countermanded the order.
Gen. Thomas then said he would
continue to aot as Secretary of War,
and would not recognize Mr. Stanton.
Tbe latter reiterated that he would
do the same.
* The War Office was occupied Fri?
day night by Mr. Stanton, who had
his supper sent to him and all the
offices looked and tbe keys brought
him. His son remained with him,
and he was visited at intervals by
large numbers of members of Con?
gress. Having passed the night in
possession, the Department was kept
closed Saturday morning inpnrsu
anoe of tbe order issued on Friday.
Gena Pelouze and Vincent were in
attendance, but a sentry stationed at
the door excluded all comers, even
those clerks who had been so unfortu?
nate as to leave their over-coats in
their room, and no one was admitted
without first sending in his card.
Mr. Stanton's breakfast was sent
him, and during tbe course of the
morning a number of gentlemen
called and had interviews with him.
Mr. Stanton had a protracted in?
terview with Mr. Carpenter, of Iowa,
who acts as his legal adviser, and
who is recognized as one of the
ablest members of the profession in
the Mississippi valley. This is the
gentleman who has been associated
with Senator Trumbull in the re?
construction oases. During the night
letters were sent to him from tbe
Capitol, urging bim to maintain his
The excitement in Washington is
intense, and the War Department is
surrounded by a guard.
The friends and acquaintances of Mr.
JOHN STORK, of Mr. Abraham Stork, and
of their respective famUius, are invited to
attend tho funeral of the former, from his
late residence on Main street, THIS
MORNING, at 10 o'clock.
Funeral services at the Baptist Church.
Congaree Lodge No. 29,1. 0. 0. F.
THE members of
thia Lodge are in?
vited to assemble
at tho Hall of Palmetto Lodge No. 5,
THIS (Wednosday) MORNING, at half
past 9 o'clock, to join with them in paying
tne la8t tribute of respect to District De?
puty G. M. JOHN STORK, P. G.
All members of Grand Lodge, and Past
Grands, will ploaao attend. By order.
Feb 26_J. F. SPECK, Seo'y.
Palmetto Lodge No. 5,1. 0. 0. F.
rilHE Officers and Membors of this Lodgo
X are hereby notified to assemble at
Palmetto Lodge Hall, THIS (Wednesday)
MORNING, at 9 o'clock, to pay the last
tribute of respect to our late Brother,
Past Grand JOHN STORK.
Sister.Lodges aro invited to attend.
By order of thc Noble Grand.
Feb 26_F. W. PAPE, Seo'y.
Eutaw Encampment No. 2,1.0.0. F.
PATRIARCHS aro hereby notified to
assemble at tho Hall of Palmetto
Lodgo No. 5. THIS (Wednesday) MORN?
ING, at 9 o'clock, to pay the last tribute of
respect to our lato Brother, Past Chiel
Patriarch JOHN STOSK.
By order of the Chief Patriarch.
_Fob26_F. W. PAPE, Scribo^
Richland Lodge No. 39, A. F. M.
A THE members of this Lodge will
YVmeot ftt Palmetto Lodge Hall THIH
/V\(Wednesday) MORNING, at hair
paet 9 o'clock, for the purpose of paying
tho last tribnto of respoot to our departed
Brother, JOHN STORK.
Members of Histor Lodgos and transient
Brethren, aro fraternally invited to join
with us ou this melancholy occasion.
By order of tho W. M.
Feb 26 1_ lt. TO/FJ?, Secretary.
COM-UDIA, February 26. 18(58.
THE members or the City Council Hre
roqueated to meet at Council Cham?
ber, THIS (Wednesday) MORNING, at
half-past 9 o'clock, to attend tho timora' of
Alderman STORK. THEO. STARKE,
Feb 26 Mavor.
'. "VF --* &
LK Bom T?N.-The March ?umber
of thia superb fashion magazine is
before us. Tho fashion plates ara
unequalled. The descriptive matter
is in French and English. S. T.
Taylor, 3*9 Canal street, New York,
is the publisher. Subscription $7 a
year; single copies 75 cents.
DEATH OF ANOTHER OW RESIDENT.
Alderman John Stork, a resident of
Columbia for thirty years, departed
this life yesterday morning. Mr.
Stork was born in Derkheim, Ger?
many, on the 17th of December,
1813, and was conseqnently in his
fifty-fifth year. His trade was that
of a boot-maker, and he was an
honest, energetic and hard-working
man. He accepted and filled the
office of Alderman for several terms.
Mr. Stork leaves a widow and several
sons to mourn bis loss.
THE CONCENT LAST NIOHT.-As was
to have been expected, Gregg's Hall
was filled last night, and to say that
tbe audience was highly gratified, is
but faint praise to the participants in
the concert. The overture to "Na
bncodonosor" was loudly applauded,
and the Cavatina from "Ernani"
rendered in truly artistio style. Tbe
vocal powers of Messrs. N. Stevens
and D. Hemphill were also fully ap?
preciated. Mr. Joseph H. Denck
was unapproachable on bis favorite
instrument. Mr. J. Courtenay was
in excellent voice, and being encored,
was forced to give the "Farewell to
my Mountain Home," from Trova
torie, and another favorite song.
The "University Band"-consisting
of Monars. G. F. Janney, (Paganini,
jr.,) H. B. Richardson, J. L. Rey
nolda, jr., Julius C. Glover aud John
E. Black-rendered efficient aid, and
in the duett from Trovatore were
much admired and warmly applauded.
We heartily congratulate the lady
manager for tbe complete success
which has crowned her endeavors.
After the departure of the audience,
there was a dejeuner, participated in
by the participants of tbe concert;
and then a "hop," and then "Home
A CHOICE LID RABY OP MUSIC.-The
United Slates Musical Review, pub?
lished by J. L. Peters, 200 Broad?
way, New York, is before ns, and
merits tho attention of all lovers of
music. It is a mammoth monthly
magazine, sheet-music size, contain?
ing over seventeen pages of musical
news, reviews and art items, every
line of which is readable and really
almost invaluable to all musicians.
Tbe publishers, however, do not stop
here, for, in addition to the above,
each number contains four pieces of
choice new music by the best writers
in America-thus giving a select
library of new music at such a low
rate that even tho poorest may in?
dulge in what has hitherto, been con?
sidered a luxury. Tbe music in the
Review is most excollent, as tbe fol?
lowing select list will testify, all of
which has appeared within its pages
during tho last six months; "Nora
; O'Neal," "You've been a Friend to
; Me," nnd "Kiss Mo Good-bye,
Darling," all by Will. S. Hays;
"Good-byo, but Come Again," and
"Do You Think the Moon could have
Seon Us?" by J. R. Thomas; "Ally
Ray," and "Little Brown Church,"
by William S. Pitts; "Maribel!," by
Danks; "Let the Dead and tho Beau?
tiful Rest," "Break, Break, O Sea,"
otc. Also, Kinkel'? " Heavenly
Thoughts" and "Maiden's Blush
Scbottisbo," Mack's '.'Damask Rose''
and "White Rose March," nnd seve?
ral other choice pieces, amounting in
all to $9 at retail prices. Thc United
States Musical Review is published at
82 per year; single copies, 20c. No
musical family should be without it.
ORGANIZATION.-MR. EDITOB: We
observe i With favor a movement on
the part of the' people of the South?
ern States towards political organiza?
tion Thi; hzz ?IT?UJJ boen suggest?
ed to the people of onr State by
Gov. Perry, of Greenville; and, as
indicated in his admirable letter, a
meeting should be called at once,
having for its object the complete
organization of a party' in political
sympathy with a constitutional and
liberty-loving party .of the North and
West. Let a meeting be called, clubs
formed, ward committees appointed,
and let every name be recorded.
Georgia is organizing; Louisiana has
sent forth her resolves of endorse?
ment of the President and in sympa?
thy with the Democratic party North
and West. Let South Carolina fall
in. PRO BONO PUBLICO.
Although this movement should
have been inaugurated six months
ago, perhaps it is not yet too late.
Let the people arouse, and assist the
efforts of the Democrats or conserva?
tives of the North, who are now
coming out in their might, to oppose
and, if possible, upset the illegal
actions of tho party or sect now in
power. " '
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.- Attention is call -
od to the following advertisements, pub?
lished this morning for the first time
J. & T. H. Agnew-BUIH Receivable.
Hostotter's Stomach Bitters.
R. VT. Gibbes-Medical Society.
J. F. Speck-Congaree Lodge.
H. Tozer-Richland Lodge.
F. W. Pape-Palmetto Lodge.
Assembling Eutaw Encampment.
Rich'd Flanigan-For Sale or Rent.
STRIKE AMONGST THE WHARF EM?
Yesterday, for the third time, a
"strike" took place amongst the
colored men in ' the employ of the
stevedores of this city. By 6 o'clock
in the morning they commenced to
assemble in large numbers at the
corners of the Bay and those streets
whioh lead down to the principal
docks, and a half hour later the evi?
dences . of a weil concocted scheme
for the interruption of legitimate
labor began to crop out. As soon as
the usual hour for the commencement
of^their duties arrived, the negroes
generally announced their determina?
tion not to work unless their wages
were advanced from two to three dol?
lars per diem. All remonstrance on
the part of their employers proved
fruitless, save with a few, and these
were immediately assaulted by the
..strikers," and borne forcibly away
from the scene of their labors.
When it was discovered that trou?
ble was likely to ensue, Capt. Stew?
art, of the ..Winthrop," and others
reported the facts to Mayor Burns,
who immediately took steps to pre?
vent further difficulty by sending a
temporary guard detailed from the
city police down to Atlantic wharf,
and subsequently applied for and
obtained. a detachment of soldiers
from the Citadel, who were scut from
the City Hall.
In the meanwhile, the negroes,
excited by the circumstances, flocked
around the "Winthrop," and used
threats not only to those who had
declined to co-operate with the
"strikers," but to the officers of the
ship. So far did they persist in their
riotous demonstrations, that Captain
Stewart was compelled to announce
his determination to retort with force
unless they dispersed. To this the
ring-leader, Harrison Carri?re, re?
plied with the most violent and blas?
phemous abuse, and was finally taken
into custody by the police and car?
ried to the guard house. His place
wo8 promptly supplied, however, by
John Thomas, who continued to
arouse the mob to violence, wheD,
fortunately, Mayor Burns appeared
on the scene aud ordered him also
under arrest. He was seized by tho
guard, but before they could tako
him from the dock, the crowd rushed
forward aud made an attempt to
rescue him. Mayor Burns person?
ally intervened* and nroelaiiniog his
authority, succeeded in arresting tho
mob and having tho prisoner con?
veyed to the guard house.
The exhibition of this summary
way of dealing with ofibndors against
tho peace by his Honor tho Mayor
had a vory salutary effect, and by
3 o'clock in the afternoon the excite?
ment had completoly subsided, and
tho "strikers" gone peaceably to
work, without pressing their unrea?
A strong motive for traveling-lo?