Newspaper Page Text
Friday Morning Feb. 29, 1868.
Hight* or Naturallrca Cltliani.
One of the latest cable despatches
announces that Mr. Bancroft having
been duly reoeived aa our envoy to
the North German Confederation,
the details of a treaty haye been
agreed upon with the Confederation
relative to the rights of naturalized
American citizens of German birth of
?whom military services have hereto?
fore been claimed. It has -been pre?
viously announced, indeed, that by
the treaty the Confederation re?
nounced all such claims, and recog?
nized all the rights of American citi?
zenship as inhering in naturalized
citizens of the United States, and it
is now added that the document will
receive the official signature. Thus
a dispute is settled whichthe United
States Government has had with
Prussia abd other German powers for
jeers about the rights of American
citizens of German birth. This is
an important step iu the right, direc?
tion, and affords another indication
of tho practical, liberal uud progress?
ive spirit which now bau the ascend?
ancy in North German couusels. On
Friday last, the atteution of tho
English House of Commons was called
to the "state of the naturalization
laws aud tho right of self-expatria?
tion." We shall soe whether tho
Parliament of Great Britain will have
sagacity and breadth of view enough
to adopt the precedent set in Ger?
many, or whether it will adhere to
the antiquated and preposterous pre?
tension, "once a subject, always a
subject. " The Baltimore Sun hopes
that the Congress of the United
States, when it can spare time from
measures which will tond to dimiuish
tho attractions of this country to
emigrants, will Sud leisure to dispose
of the bill reported in the House of
Representatives on the subject of
< o ? >
Tho English Government, which
never, nt an? time, made a conces?
sion to the Irish people, except upon
compulsion of some sort or under
threut of disturbance, is now an?
nouncing a reform #bill for Ireland,
and other good conciliatory measures
are in store. Something will be doue,
probably, but in a tardy and ungra?
cious manner, which*will leave the
main body of the peoplo as un?
friendly and thankless us before. It
is announced, at tho same time, that
Dublin is to got ?100,000, by Parlia?
mentary grant, for an instituto of
science and art, and Cork and Bol fast
the sumo amount each for the im?
provement of tho harbors there.
Reports have boon received iu Eng?
land of the outbreak of an alarming
revolt in India. There has boon for
some time a great, excitement in seve?
ral districts, and tho revolt, there?
fore, does not come ul together un?
expected. England has many de?
voted adherents in India, and au
overthrow of English rule at- this
time could not but bo attended by
tho most disastrous consequences;
still England trembles at every report
of an Indian insurrection. Hbo has
ouly 81,000 troops in India, and the
whole English population, inclusivo
of tho army, only numbers 125,000,
while tho nativo population amounts
to i??.O?o.UOU. These figures alone
?explain why England has but little
hope of retaining India the moment
an insurrection should spread over all
her Indiun possessions.
The Charleston Mercury says:
"The very man-Stanton-who now
indicts Geueral Thomas under the
tenure-of-office Act, advised the Pre?
sident os a Cabinet minister to veto
this Act as unconstitutional; and con?
sented to write the veto, but was pre?
vented from doing so, as ho alleged,
only by indisposition."
Tao Lunatic Ajylutu.
COLUMBIA, February 27, J868.
To. satisfy inquiries for copies of
?.the lMt- l?nuoi report o? t?o Super?
intendent of the Lunatic Asylum of
South Carolina," I beg leave through
the medium of the newspapers, to
say that my usual annual report is
now in the hands of the Regents.
The publication of it is necessarily
withheld until the Board have an
opportunity of making their report.
The following statement, however,
presents such facts as may be re?
garded of geueral interest, and will,
no doubt be, as far as it goes, satis?
factory to the friends of tho Asylum.
The statement embraces tho period
from the date of the lost published
report, November 5, 1866, to the
Patients in the Asylum, Novem?
ber 5, 1866-males 70; females 72;
total 142. February 27, 1868-re?
ceived to this dato 117; total 259.
Of this number there have beeu dis?
charged cured 38; removed ou trial
4; eloped 2; died ll; total 55. Now
under treatment 204-males 90; fe?
males 114. Paying class 64; paupers
140. Of those who died-1 from
apoplexy, 1 from abcess, 2 from gen?
eral paralysis, 1 from heart disease,
2 from consumption, 1 from inani?
tion, 2 from convulsions, 1 from
diarrhoea. The colored insane aro
comfortably provided for in separate
buildings, with pleasant grounds, and
under the immediate care of intelli?
gent and experienced attendants of
their own color. They aro clothed,
fed and in every respect treated as
tho white patients of the same class.
Tho number of colored insane re?
ceived since November 5, 1866, is 42;
all paupers. 8 have been cured, and
2 havo died, leaving 3? now in the
Asylum. j. w. PARKER,
Supt. aud Phy. L. A. S. C.
-*-o ? ?
A NEW CABINET.-Ono of the sto?
ries afloat is that, if President John?
son is impeached and Mr. Wade be?
comes President, the Cabinet will be
Charles Sumner, of Massachusetts,
Secretary of State; Freeman Clarke,
of New York, Secretary of the Trea?
sury; William D. Kelley, of Penn?
sylvania, Secretary of the Navy;
Frederick .Douglass, (colored,) of New
York, Secretary of the Interior; John
M. Langston, of Ohio, Postmaster
General; M. H. Carpeuter, of Wis?
consin, Attorney-General; Edwin M.
Stanton, Secretary of War, of course.
The feeling in regard to impeach?
ment aud its pi-obable results was
somewhat excited in this city yester?
day. A great deal of speculation
was indulged in by everybody, but
revolution?r}- mensures were general?
ly deprecated. It is well known,
however, that there ure eminent
Southerners working noiselessly
among tho unemployed manses to in
flueucR a feeling against Congress,
and several recruiting offices aro in
operation, tho ostensible object of
which is the formation of Johnson
clubs and the emigration of the re?
cruits to Maryland, to answer any
call mudo by tho Governor of that
State for aid in sustaining tho Presi?
dent. 6,000 names are believed to
have been already enrolled. The
prominent members of ono club were
arrested yesterday, but on applica?
tion to tho Police Commissioners,
were permitted to continue their pro?
ceedings, with tho proviso that their
call should be modified and weeded
of revolutionary and treasonable ex?
pressions. The excitement is no less
intense elsewhere throughout the
country. The New Jersey Houso of
Representatives yesterday adopted
resolutions inquiring, in view of the
peril of the country, into tho condi?
tion of the State ordnances. The
Keystone Club-the largest Demo?
cratic organization in Pennsylvania
has resolved itself into a military
[Neva York Herald, 20//?.
SUDDEN DEATH OF CAPTAIN S. II.
OLJVBB-We are pained to announce
tho sudden death of an old aud much
respected citizen of Augusta. Yes?
terday morning, while on his way to
one of tho steamer's wharf, Captain
Oliver was seized with a fit of apo?
plexy, and died before he could be
conveyed into the toll houso of tho
bridge, near which he fell.
DEATH OP AK ESTIMABLE CI?IZEN.
Benjamin Perkins, Esq., and old and
respected citizen of thia community,
died Monday last, after a somewhat
protracted and painful illness.
I*-***,- 'H.'p.. -t>^?K'/-- .?^.^?....?.-r'- ?? ?
THE BKOONSTKUCTION CONTENTION.
We extract from tho Charleston News
the followihtr surnmfiry cf thc pro?
ceedings of the. thirty-seven th day:
The Convention yesterday made
good time. Seventeen sections of
the judiciary article of the Constitu?
tion were passed to their third read?
ing; There was much discussion,
but little. amendment. District and
Probate Courts have boen obliterated.
The Supreme Court is to consist of a
chief justice and two associate jus?
tices, any two of whom shall consti?
tute a quorum. They are ta bo elected
by a joint vote of the Oeueral As?
sembly, for a term of six years, and
to be so classified that one of the
judges shall go out of office every
Tho Committee on Petitions gave
the key-note of the future political
action of tho Republican party, by
reporting in favor of one Thomas
Owens, of Laurens District, who
prayed that his disability, resulting
from felony, might be removed. The
Committee state thnt they arc "satis?
fied of his loyalty," and therefore
recommend that his prayer be grant?
ed. The report was adopted.
L. S. Langley ottered a resolution,
requesting Congress to turn over to
the Commissioner of the Stato the
proceeds of thc sale of lands under
tax executions, for the benefit of the
Behool fund of the State. Referred
to the Committee on Education. The
samo delegate ottered the following:
Resolved, That this Convention
tender to the Congress of the United
States, aud to the General command?
ing the army, the sincere and heart?
felt thanks of the loyal people of
South Carolina, for their noble devo?
tion to tho principles of constitution?
al law and civil liberty.
E. W. M. Mackey moved to amend
by including the Secretary of Wur;
which was agreed to.
13. O. Duncan, from a Special
Committee of Eight, reported the
following ordinance, which was read
the first time, ordered to be printed,
and made the epecial order for Mon?
day, at 12 m. :
The Special Committee of Eight,
to whom was referred the duty of
leurning how many Representatives
South Carolina is entitled to in the
Congress of tho United States, and
of reporting a suitable division of
the State into Congressional Dis?
tricts, have investigated the matter,
and bc-g leave to report:
After the census of 18G0, a new
apportionment of Representatives
was made among the States. South
Carolina then being entitled to rep?
resentation for only three-fifths of
her slave population, ?was entitled
under this apportionment of Congress
to only four Representatives. This
Act of apportionment is still in force,
so that we aro in reality entitled by
Act of Congress to only four mem?
bers in the lower house of Congress.
But our entire population, for which
wo should now be represented, enti?
tles us to six Representatives. As,
however, it is doubtful if wo will bo
granted a larger number than tho Act
of apportionment gives us, your
Committee recommend the following
ordinance, to be called "An Ordi?
nance to Divide tho State into Four
That the State of South Carolina
shall bo, and tho sumo is hereby,
divided into four Congressional Dis?
tricts, as follows: First Congres?
sional District, to bo composed of
the Counties of Lancaster, Chester?
field, Marlborough, Darlington, Ma?
rion, Horry, Georgetown, Williams?
burg, Sumter, Clarendon and Ker?
shaw; Second Congressional District,
to be composed of tho Counties of
Charleston, Colleton, Beaufort and
Barnwell; Third Congressional Dis?
trict, to be composed of tho Counties
of Orangeburg, Lexington, Rich
laud, Newberry, Edgefield, Abbeville
and Anderson; and tho Fourth Con?
gressional District, to bo composed
of tho Counties of Ocooee, T'ickens,
Greenville, Laurens, Spnrtanburg,
Union, York, Chester and i'uirfield.
That until tho next apportionment bo
made by the Congress of tho United
States, each of the said Congressional
Districts shall bo entitled to elect one
member to represent this State in the
Congress of tho United States. After
such new apportionment by Con?
gress, tho Legislature shall divido
the State into as many Congressional
Districts as we are entitled to mem?
bers in tho House of Representatives.
At the first election under this Con?
stitution, two Representatives shall
be elected at largo on the State
tioket, to represent the overplus of
onr population. Should they obtain
seats, they shall continue to be so
eleoted until tho new apportionment
after the censn? of 1870.
* Ijooal Ttem '
An a<lvert:se5SG?i iu nuouhor co?
la mn notifies .shippers of cotton to
points beyond Charleston, that the
revenue tax permits must acoompnny
the shipments. .
The Court of Common Pleas and
General Sessions for Richland Dis?
trict-Spring Term-Judge Moses
presiding, will assemble on Monday
next, March 2.
THE SOUTHERN PEN AND PULPIT.
We have received from the publisher,
Rev. J. M. P. Otts, Columbia. Tenu.,
a copy of the above monthly-which
claims to be devoted to literature,
science aud religiou. The present
number contains an article on the
school and college days of the late
Rev. James H. Thornwell; a clerical
olia podrida, and other valuable mat?
ter. The Rev. Mr. Otts is a graduate,
we believe, of the Theological Sem?
inary in this city. The subscription
price to tho "7V>i ami Pulpit'' ?H
81.HO per annum.
A G TTE DARKEY. COME TO GIUEF.
Yesterday Afternoon, Mr. E. J. Scott
was interrupted several times, by two
colored boys, with reference to
changing money, and becoming pro?
voked, advised them to "evacuate the
premises." A few minutes after?
words, he was attracted by a slight
noise, and ou lookiug around, disco?
vered the eldest of the two boy!
squatted behind tho railing, holding
in his bunds n stick, with which he
was poking among some greenbacks
on a shelf a few feet off. Ou being
discovered, the boy ran off; but chase
was given by a colored man, who
brought him to the grouud through
the agency of a brick-bat. Ou ex?
amining tho stick which the boy
dropped, one end was found to be
well tarred, and he had succeeded in
abstracting fifteen dollars, which was
afterwards recovered. Magistrate
Walker committed the young rascal
to the tender mercies of Chief Rad?
GREENVILLE AND COLUMBIA RAIL?
ROAD.-We refer with pleasure to the
oxcellent prospects and go-ahead,
spirit evinced by the officers aud em?
ployees of this great steam connec?
tion between the mountains nnd the
middle country. At the closo of the
war, tho company was in very strait?
ened circumstances; depots and water
tanks burnt; tho road-bed entirely
destroyed for over thirty miles; rails
bent; Broad River bridge-a hand?
some structure-and nearly all the
trestles and bridges for that distance
burnt, or carried off by the high
water. A large amount of their roll?
ing stock was also cut off, as it had
been run on other roads for security.
Nothing daunted, however, recon?
struction was pushed forward; ap?
parently insurmountable difficulties
and obstacles were overcome; bridges,
trestles, depots and tanks rebuilt;
road-bod re-banked and re-laid; roll?
ing stock overhauled and repaired;
and to-day, an amount of work h
being accomplished which seems al?
most unparalleled with tho facilities
at hand. Several heavily loaded
freight trains arrive and depart every
day; an average of 3,000 bales ol
cotton per week has been received in
Columbia for ouvorai months past. To
su m up in few words, all conuoctcd
with tho road seem disposed to pul
their shoulders to the wheel, and re?
trieve tho losses which are insepar?
able from the general upheaval and
derangement of business caused by
tho war. President Hammett, Super?
intendent Meredith and tho othei
officers and employees deserve and
will receive the highest encomiums
from the stockholders and the com?
munity, for their diligence and close
attention to the interests of the com?
pany, os well as tho patrons cf thc
MAIL AR?ANQEMEKTS.-Tho post^
office open d'tuius Inc week from 8 Li'
a. m. to 6 p. m. On Sundays, from
1}? to 1}? p. m.
The Charleston and Western mails
are open for delivery at 2 p. m., and
close at 0 a. m.
Northern-Open for delivery at
10J.? u. m., clodes at J p. m.
Greenville-Open for delivery nt il
p. m., closes at 8 p. m.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. - Atteutioa CAI: -
eil te the following sdvrriisentPRts. pub?
lished thin Dwiriiini: for ifmrirtM lime:
Regular Meeting Typographical Union.
C. H. Baldwin A Co-American Hain.
H. H. Blcasc-Plumbing Material.
H. T. Peake-Notice to Shippers.
Ca.iHthenic Hall-H. Y. M.
Jacob H. Wella-Removal.
George Symmers-Frosh Arrivals.
Mrs. Dougherty-Final Notice.
A. R. Phillips-Auction falo.
Tlte Pointa ou Mr. .IOUHSOII'S Sid>.
In the House of Representatives,
on Monday, Judge Woodward, ol'
Pennsylvania, argued that the reso?
lution of impeachment was a mistake,
I and that any impeachment of the
President on the idea that Secretary
Stanton was within tho protection ol'
the tenure of oflice bill, wns what
Pouche, the chief of the old French
police, would have called worse than
a crime-a blunder. Whatever ex?
ecutive power the Federal Govern?
ment possessed was vested in the
President, who was made the sole
trustee nt the people iu that regard.
In the matter of appointments to
office and the treaty-making function,
n check was imposed upon the Pre?
sident; but even in those instances
the power exercised was the Presi?
dent's. Tho concurrence of tho
Senate was only a r?gulation for the
exercise of tho power, lt was a mere
advisory discretion, not an executive
Thc Senate posscsst d not an iota
of executive power. The separate?
ness nud completeness of this execu?
tive power in the hands of tho Pre?
sident was a doctrine essential to tho
harmony of tho system of govern
meflt, and to tho responsibility of
the President to the people. If Con?
gress meddled with it, Congress be?
came a trespasser, and its act an
impertinent nullity, and the Presi?
dent was not to he impeached for
disregarding it. He quoted extracta
from the debate, in tho First Con?
gress, upou the executive depart?
ments, and argued, that that debate
settled this question absolutely, and
demonstrated the utter unconstitu?
tionality of the Act of March 2, 18G7.
Ho also argued that by tho very
terms of tho Act itself, Mr. Stanton
did not come within its scope, and
quoted Senator Sherman and Messrs.
Spalding and Bingham ns taking the
same view of the law wheu it was
Mr. Johnson was a man of the
Republican party's own choosing,
and he verily believed that tho Pre?
sident was trying to restore the
Union, to paeilicate tho country, and
to administer his high office with a
faithful regard to thc obligations of
the Constitution and the best inte?
rests of tho people. He seemed to
him to be a true friend to tho whole
of his country, a faithful public
olllcer, and entitled to Cabinet ad?
visers who were his friends, and not
his enemies. Congress had far bet?
ter sustain such a mau in his consti?
tutional rights, and address itself to
tho relief of the sullering country,
than to waste its timo and tho pub?
lic*? money in impeaching a faithful
public servant on charges that aro
both false and foolish. At the. risk
of denunciation, ho (Mr. Woodward)
denied the right of tho House to im?
peach anybody, and the right ol' the
.Senate to try any impeachment. The
House was not composed, as the
Constitution required, of members
"chosen by the people of tho several
States;" nor was the Senate composed
of "two Senators from each State."
Ia conclusion, ho said: Mr. Speak?
er, so sure nm I that tho Amerienn
peoplo will respect this objection,
that if I were tho President's coun?
sellor I would advise him, if you
prefer articles of impeachment, to
demur both to your jurisdiction and
that of tho Senate, and to issue a
proclamation giving you and all tho
world notice, that whilst he hold him?
self impeachable for misdemeanors
in offlco before the constitutional
tribunal, he nevin: would subject the
office he holds in trust for the peoplo
to the irregular, unconstitutional,
fragmentary bodies who propose to
strip him of it Such a proclamation,
with the army and navy in hand to
sustain it, would meet o popular re?
sponso that would make an cud of
impeachment and impeachers.