Newspaper Page Text
Saturday Morning, March 7, 1868.
The <lulct of Despotism.
Some of the Northern papers are
endeavoring to delude the people
with the idea that the success of the
impeachment plot will give quiet to
the country by removing the cause, as
they allege, of all the agitation of the
public mind and thc disturbance of
its business interest, that is, the Presi?
dent, who, they have the temerity to
assume, is responsible, though shorn
of nearly all bis executive functions,
for tho pr?sent evils which we suffer.
Some days ago the New York Times
"The removal of the President, at
all events, will put an end to the con?
flict of authority and of action be?
tween Congress and tho Executive.
We shall have Congress enacting
.laws With the concurrence and np
?roval of the President; and we shall
ave the Executive Department giv?
ing the full weight of its influence to
their execution. This, of itself, we
do not hesitate to say, will be a very
.great gain to the country, and will go
very far toward offsetting the mani?
fold und manifest evils attendant
upon so unusual and violent a mea
. sure as impeachment." a
lu a somewhat similar strain, the
New York Tribune predicts that tho
removal of the President will Lave a
happy effect in restoring quiet and
developing the wealth and strength
of the land. In other words, by ab?
sorbing the Executive in the Legis?
lative Department, and by rendering
tho supreme judiciary inaccessible to
those who would vindicate Constitu?
tional rights, the overcharged politi?
cal cloud will be freed from the elec
.trical elements which threaten to
purify the atmosphere. By an ' 'unu?
sual and violent measure," as the
New York Times characterizes im?
peachment, the pnlses of the national
'heart will no longer be disturbed by
aspirations for Constitutional free?
dom, and order will "reign in War?
saw.",These journals insult the com?
mon sense of tho people by suppos ?
ing that they cannot distinguish
between the quiet which is produced
by despotism and that whioh is tho
result of the regular and healthful
administration, with all its fnuctions
unimpaired and in harmonious ope?
ration, of a free Constitutional Go?
vernment. But it is probable, in?
deed, that tho "quiet" is only the
calm which precedes the storm. If
tho Northern people are self-possessed
now, is it not because of tho depths
of their convictions and tho con?
sciousness of their power to rescue
Constitutional liberty nt tho ballot
box? Muy they not thou, asks tho
Baltimore Sun, overthrow the faction
^which offers them no quiet except
that which follows tho extinction of
their politioal life and liberty?
PERMIT EOR THE TRANSPORTATION
OF COTTON.-Internnl llevenue Col?
lector Shook, of New York, hos
issued an order requiring railroad
companies transporting cotton on
through bills of lading from the South?
ern States to that market or any
District, in future to deliver nb cot?
ton except on a permit from the Col?
lector of Internal Bevenuo in the
District to which the cotton is con?
signed. Tho result of the enforce?
ment of this order will bo tho taking
ing np in New York of the permits
issued in the South and tho with?
drawal of and destruction of permits
g??*uic? by collootora of districts.
Before cancellation they must be
returned to tho officer by whom they
?were originally issued.
APPOINTMENT OP TAX COLLECTORS.
Gen. Canby has appointed Mr. J. W.
Stephenson Tax Collector for York
District, vice Col. Andrew Jackson,
resigned. Jabez Norton, Esq., has
been appointed Tax Collector for
Chester District, vice C. W. McFad?
den, Esq., who could not take tho
A wag says of a woman: "To her
virtue, wo give love; *o her beauty,
admiration; and to her hoops, the
rtisrning ot. Baranm'i Mancnm.
At' 12.30 o'clock, Broadway waa
st?iii?? uy law wy o? ".rirei" and
flamea were seen issuing from the
South window on tho third floor of
No. 539 Broadways Instantly, the
shout was raised, "Barnum's Mu?
seum is on fire!" A horrible chorus
came from the first floor, ou which
the lions, tigers,' hyenas, leopards,
oamels and zebras were known to be
located. It was a terrible Bound
hundreds of beasts of every descrip?
tion, naoh in its own peculiar, man?
ner, giving vent to feelings of mortal
agony and fear. A shuddor mu
through tho slim crowd in the streets
ns theso sounds Bwelled nud swelled,
until they mingled iu a ?roar that
seemed as though each of the beasts
were nbout to burst tho bars of his
cage and leap into the street. No?
thing of the kind followed imme?
diately, however, and in a few mi?
nutes the roars died away, and only
a few muttered growls and whines
were audible. They had either been
suffocated or dozed and frightened
into Btupor. All this time, tho heavy
plate glass windows on the first floor
remained intact, thus hiding the
boasts from view and adding to the
mystery of tho scone.
At 12.45 o'clock, oue stream of
water would have saved the entire
building, but that one steamer was
not at hand. A few minutes before
the fire was discovered, an alarm had
beeu sounded for tho corner of
Spring and Kenwick streets, and tho
engines of thc district were proceed?
ing to that spot, when tho bell struck
for Barnum's Museum. It was some
minutes before they could be turned
from that to the new call, and when
they were, the" streets were so filled
with snow that tho horses could pro?
ceed but at a moderato pace, and
wore frequently stalled into immo?
bility. Thus it hnppenod that it was
after 1 o'clock before an engiuo was
brought to bear upon the burning
By this time, it became certain
that some of the animals and birds
were still alive, and policemen and
tho employees of the museum, who
were still ou tho gronud, ventured to
their rescue. At the Broadway en?
trance, a leopard, a kangaroo, two
pelicans and a silver pheasant were
brought out and housed iu tho cellar
of Taylor's Restaurant. At tho
Mercer street stago entrance, a gi?
raffe, a zebru, two camels, several
Japanese hogs, a camel-leopard, and
various small birds, were saved from
In addition to the live animals, a
quantity of small articles, such as
pictures and stuffed birds, a stuffed
horse, and a valuable electrical appa?
ratus, were saved. Every human
beiug iu the building, so far as (is
known, made an easy exit from the
premises. The flames still swelled in
volume and intensity, and at 1.30
o'clock they enveloped tho entire
upper stories of Nos. 539 and 519,
from Broadway to Mcrcor street*.
The theatre ocoupying the rear por?
tion of tho buildiug, was so much
tinder to the confitigration, and threw
masses of flaming cinders into tho
surrounding streets, like lava from a
volcano. Such of these ciuders as
fell ou tho adjoining roofs met a
speedy extinction in the deep snow,
or tho destruction might have beeu
more wide-spread even than it is.
Toward this time a sensation came.
While tho flames were at the height,
a tongue of fire leaped down into the
first story. Then it was found that
the beasts encaged there had beon
dormant only. Lions, tigers, bears
and leopards, instantly at tho sight
of the flames, burst at onco into dp
moniao roar, and beat themselves
against tho bars of their cages. One
full-grown tiger burst his prison bars
and, with ono wild leap through the
window, reached the street. Tho
crowd rushed away in hot haste,
whilo the dazed beast looked around
him in stupid wonder au instant and
then started down Broadway. A
stream of wator turned ou him
brought him to bay, and a policeman
stepped up and with three shots de?
spatched him. Sufrido tho buildiug
another tiger had tumbled his cago
over to the floor and was rolliug it
over and over in mortal agony.
At 2.10 tho firo was under control.
Nos. 537, 539 and 541, were a total
ruin, with all their contents. |Tho
precise figures it i.s impossiblo to
state.-New York Times, March 3.
How qnoor that a cook, vhen she
dresses herself, puts her finery on;
but when sho drosses a fowl, takos its
finery off. She speaks, too, of un?
dressing herself, Tait never of un
peeling tho potatoes or unskinning
' THE CONVENTION.-We dopy from
the Charlearan 7v*?ir5 tbs icilcv.isg
account of what waa done on the
The debates in the Convention
yesterday were-unusually heavy and
protracted. The great fight of the
day was upon the petition offered by
F. L. Cardoza and Beverly Nash,
both of whomhavo recently roturned
rom Washington,) praying Con?
gress that certain tracts of laud in
the possession of the United States
Tax Commissioners may bo allotted
to destitute citizens.
Ono party was lead by Beaufort
delegates, and it was plaiuly evident
that they regarded the appropriation
of these lands to tho Port Royal
Railroad os being far more essential
to tho practical welfare of the State
than if they were sold for small sums
to freedmen, and the aggregate ap?
plied to educational purposes. The
opposite side, with equal vehemence,
contended that it was all important
to the interests of education that tho
fund for public schools shonld be in?
creased from every possible source
of revenue, and that no better means
could bo adopted to confer a double
benefit upon tho impoverished freed?
men and ignorant children of the
State than by securing these lands
from Congress and selling them at
low and remuuorative prices to the
During tho discussion, F. L. Car?
doza stated that having been in
Washington ho was advised to draw
up hud present such a petition, and
ho felt satisiicd that it would be
favorably entertained. The question
was not decided until the eveniug
session, when Mr. C. C. Bowen,
Chairman of the Judiciary Com
mitte, to whom the petition had been
recommitted for further considera?
tion, made a report, recommending
tho adoption of the following resolu?
1. Resolved, That this Convention
do recommend to the Congress of the
United States that tho prayer of F.
Li. Cardoza nnd W. B. Nash be grant?
ed as set forth in the accompanying
2. Resolved, That this Couvontiou
do further pray Congress that tho
proceeds of tho sale of land within
the State o? South Carolina for taxes
due the United States, or so much
thereof as may now remain unap?
propriated, ina}' be granted to South
Carolina for tho support of the pub?
lic schools of tho State, under such
regulations as tho Congress of the
United States may prescribe.
3. Resolved, That a copy of tho
potition aforesaid, together with a
copy of tho foregoing resolutions, bo
forwarded at once by tho President
of this Convention to tho President
of th? Senate and Speaker of the
House of Representatives.
A further attempt was mudo by
L. S. Langley, of Beaufort, to post?
pone tho consideration of the resolu?
tion uutil they could bo printed, but
the usual amount of "fillibustering"
followed, and tho report of tho com?
The consideration of section five of
the edacutional article of tho Con?
stitution was resumed, the question
being on tho motion of B. F. Ran?
dolph to strike out the proviso of
R. B. Elliott, adopted on yesterday,
which reads as follows: "Provided
that no person shall be deprived of
tho right of suffrage for the non-pay?
ment of his poll-tax." On the yeas
and noys being ordered, they were
taken, and, by a vote of eighty-one
yeas to twenty nays, the motion to
strike out was not agreed to. Tho
section as amended was pusscd to its
CONFEDERATE PROFERTY IN ENG?
LAND.-It is known that a very
considerable amount of Confederate
property, including some cash bal?
ances in Liverpool, were attach?
ed hy tho United States Govern?
ment in England, but some of the
principal witnosses having been per?
sonally implicated in the rebellion,
and their estates, if any, on this side,
liable to confiscation, tho English
Vioo Chancellor decided that they
could not be compelled to testify,
where it would criminato themselves.
To remedy this obstruction, so as to
moke full discovery and surrender of
the 'Confederate property" abroad,
Congress has just passed an act of in?
demnity in certain cases, to relieve
tho common law disability referred
Thero aro forty-ono theatres in
On Monday last, the "Grand Army
ol tut? Republic," 100,000 strong,
moro or lea?, offered to march to
Washington, to put doma tho usurpa?
tions of Johnson. Tuosday s me?
morial was presented to the Senate,
from the "Grund Army of the Re?
public," setting forth that their sor
vicos have not been sufficiently re?
cognized, and praying for a portion
of the deparmentul nud other offices.
We should like to kuow what connec?
tion there may navo beeu between
these two grand moves of the "Grand
Army," and also whether tho leaders
in the first movement were not also
leaders in tho second. Tho coinci?
dence between them, tho New York
Times thinks, is rather fuuny. It is
not certain that Congress will uoed
tho aid of the Loyal Leagues and
the lodges of the Grand Army of tho
Republic, which hnvo volunteered to
defend and protect it iu its course;
but a motion was made in the Geor?
gia Convention, a few days since, for
an adjourumcut and a subsequent
re-assembly, the latter to last "so
long ns it may be necessary for the
protection of the loyal Georgians and
tho Congress of the United States."
Lot Congressmen, therefore, stand
firm; or, ns Mr. Sumner would say,
'.'stick." The Georgia Con veut ion
-< ? ? i
BALTIMORE AND CHARLESTON. -Tho
South, iu her distress, has received
substantial aid from almost all por?
tions of the North, but nowhere hus
it been accordod moro abundantly or
with moro real sympathy than iu
Baltimore. The good deeds of the
people of Baltimore, have beeu con?
tinuous from the close of tho war,
until the present time.
The following extract from the
prospectus of a uew society, which is
published in the Baltimore Gazette,
of Monday, shows thut the efforts of
Rev. A. Toomer Porter have not
beou without result:
Tho name of tho society shall be
"Tho Pioneer Southern Educational
Its object shall be tho promotion
of knowledge in those portions of
the Southern States where oppor?
tunities for education are limited,
and where the means of parents,
many of whom have been reduced
from affluence to penury, aro circum?
scribed. Tho society is uot, however,
to bo a strictly charitable one. It is
to bo essentially au Aid Society. Its
chief object is to encourage a do
pressed and dispirited people, to
teach them how to aid themselves
and to give them heart in the midst
of their reverses, by assuring them
of substantial sympathy and con?
siderate co-operation. Its efforts
shall, for tho present, bo directed tc
the development and permanent es?
tablishment of the Charleston Parish
and Home Schools, tho former being
? day school, for the education o)
five hundred children, on the most
economical principles, nud tho lattei
being a homo for one hundred
boys, chiefly orphans and half or?
phans, who are without means mu:
without parental care. This effort if
intended merely as n pioneer effort.
Should tho success of the society
enable it to do so, it will hereaftei
extend its usefulness to the estab
lishmeut and encouragement of sinai
lor schools in other Southern States,
The schools of the socioty shall b(
opeu to all white children, each o:
whom shall pay whatever it can afibrc
to its own education. No child shal
be received gratuitously whose pa
rents or guardians aro iu a conditioi
to pay the very moderate pricej
asked for tuition.
Commenting on this, the Gazctk
"It is estimated that 100 boys cat
be clothed, educated and carod for,
and COO children can bo taught ii:
Charleston for about 812,500 por an
num. There the first effort is to b<
made. A portion of tho money
needed will be raised at homo, and
each year, it is hoped, the school wil
bocome more and more self -support?
ing. If tho efforts of tho societj
meet with the success it deserves,
similar schools will bo hereaftei
started in other districts, or, follow
ing the example of tho parent so
oiety, others may bo inaugurated
which will labor towards tho same
cud. In such a canso, there is nc
rivalry. It is for all and open to all
and it is one which recommonds it?
self particularly to every kind heart,
warm heart and thinking head."
Local Tte?r^. ^
Sargent, -wizard of tbe South,
highly gratified a seleot audience,
last evening, at Calisthenic Hall, is
a'iMie? by Sig. Miragliu's orchestra?
Go early this evening if yon wish a
good seat and ample remuneration
for tho small sum requisite to gain
admission. The mnsio, of itself, will
Tire RlYBBsiDS MAGAZINE FOR
YOUNO PEOPLE.-The March number
of this splendid magazine for young
people is nt hand. Tho motto of its
publishers is "Excelsior." We wish
it great success, for nothing could be
more acceptable to the children.
Hurd & Houghton, New York, pub?
FAST SCHEDULES.-Our railroad
men will have to bestir themselves.
At a late meeting of Western railroad
officials, it was decided to runthrough
from New York to New Orlenns in
threo days and a half. The same
rate of speed, we believe, can be
reached by the roads passing through
this State. Give it a trial, gentle?
men. The quickest time carries the
SHOOTINO IN THE STREETS.-Tho
attention of the city authorities is
called to tho repeated violations of
tho ordinance relative to the dis?
charge of fire-arms, within the cor?
porate limits. It is a dangerous prac?
tice. A few days ngo, a son of Mrs.
Baldwin received n gun-shot wound
through the neck, from the effect of
which he has become paralyzed on
ono side. Dr. Talley was culled in
to attend the sufferer; and while
dressing the wound, was sent for to
relieve a freedman, who had put a
pistol bullet through bis hand. We
have heard of othor accidents from
tho careless and indiscrimate use of
fire-arms in tho streets; but ns the
parties were only slightly injured,
MAIL ARRANGEMENTS.-The post
office open during tho week from $}?
a. m. to 6 p. m. On Sundays, from
1% to 2?? p. m.
The Charleston and Western mails
are open for delivery at 2 p. m., and
close at I) a. m.
Northern-Open for delivery at
10V.? a. m., closes at 1 p. m.
Greenville-Open for delivery ?b}-?
p. m., closes at 8 p. m.
NEW AOVEKTISEMENTS.-Attention I?call?
ed to thu following advertisements, pub?
lished this morning for th" first time
H. E. Nichols &, Co-Insurance.
Just Received at Industrial, Ac.
Wanted-Inquire at This Office.
DEATH OP A VENERADLE MINISTER
OP THE GOSPEL.-On the morning of
the -Ith inst., the Dev. Bond English,
suddenly died, aged about 75 years.
He was an aged and faithful mimst?r
of the gospel, and was of the Metho?
dist Episcopal persuasion. His mind
and constitution retained their ac?
customed vigor until the last. His
life was useful, his virtues were
many, and his death is lamented by
a largo number of friends and con?
OPERATIONS OP THE UNITED STATES
MrNT.-During the' month of Febru?
ary, the sum of $376,2*3 was coined
at the mint in Philadelphia, includ?
ing $169,621 in gold, $50,966 in sil?
ver, $8,990 in one cent pieces, $4,950
in two oent pieces, $12,360 in threo
cent pieces, and $129,400 in five cent
BY virtuo of an execution to m, direct?
ed. 1 will sell, THIS /Saturday)
MORNING, at 10 o'clock, 2 LOUNGES, 1
Redstead, Chairs, 2 Show Cases, and sun?
dry othor articles of Eurnittiro; levied on
as the property of John Hughes, at tho
suit of Mrs. Sarah E. Mooro.
Terms caBh. C. HUSSUNO,
March 7 1 Constable.
BRASS THREAD SPRINGS, for Baker
A Orovcr's Family Machine. At tho
March 7 M |
SOUTH CAROLINA STATE PONDS.
Impure at this otlloo. Match 7 2