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Tuesday Mon?*, Marci 10, 1868.
Trouble with the negroes, similar
to that of recent occurrence in Ja?
maica, is now anticipated in the Ba?
hama Islands. . The whites are repre?
sented ?? loyal to thc crown, but the
negroes, whose uttor worthlessness
and laziness have rednced that colony
in less-than forty years from prospe?
rity to abject beggary, aro terribly
excited at the refusal of the Govern?
ment to attend to their wants* in the
some manner as ont "nation's warda"
are kept fat and idle. Gov. Rawson,
in his recent address to the Legisla?
ture, acknowledges that "th? exten?
sive agricultural projects,' from which
so much was expected, have proved
a failure." About the time Of the
close of the late wir, the English
Government sent over seed for public
distribution; practical farmers to in?
struct the negroes, and supplied agri?
cultural, implements. at th? smallest
possible cost. Every effort possible
was made to induce Sambo to culti?
vate the soil, but his natural sloth
conquered all such efforts. Now, en?
couraged perhaps by the good ex?
ample set by the. United States
toward his race, his complaints have
grown into demands, and another
Hayti will probably be the result.
Whether the career of the black race
in this country is to prove an excep
- tion to the many sorrowful examples
already illustrated, the New Orleans
Times thinks may well be a subject
fruitful of wonder. Our only hope
is in the strength of white numbers
and the power of white influence.
Whatever may be tho direct issue
of the present troubles in Washing?
ton, there is ono thing to which we
can no longer dose our eyes, and that
is, the great change that is taking
place in the character of onr Govern?
ment. The numerous offers of troops
from Governors and communities in
the interests of both contesting
parties-the actual presence of bayo?
nets in armed hostility to one branch
of Government and in the service of
' the other-plainly show that the old
fashioned faith in the potency of tho
"ballot" for redressing grievances is
fast passing away, and a reliance.
' upon tho shorter and more deoisivo
political resolver, the "bullet," is
coming rapidly into favor. The
"clash of resounding arms," now
heard in the political storm, may pass
away with it, but who can doubt,
asks tho New Orleans Times, that
future complications, which may
arise, will bo arbitrated by the sword?
Tb a temper of the people, the signs
of the times, all social and political
portents, proclaim that we are on tho
verge of an important ohange, whe?
ther for good or for evil the result
alone can demonstrate. Gen. Banks
may, before long, realize his prophecy
made at a review upon the banks of
the storied Potomac-"This is the
last of Republican Government."
? ?? ? ?
DANGEROUS COUNTERRCTT.-A dan?
gerous counterfeit made its appear?
ance in Baltimore on Saturday last;
It is of the denomination of five
dollars. The "Landing of Colum?
bus" on the back of the note is well
engraved, but the chaping of tho
figures on tho face of the bill is
heavy. The main point of difference
between tho counterfeit and genuine
is this: In the spurious tho "t" in
tho sentence, "This note is secured,"
etc., at the head of the bill covers the
"n" in "United States," while in the
genuino it comos over the upper left
coi uci. By thu? difference tho coun?
terfeit may bo easily detected.
Wno is IIE?-ANashvillo despatch
says that one Welker, who mnrdored
John Bocknell, of that place, was
taken from jail by a mob and hung.
Ho confessed tho murder, und says
that he had subsequently been a sol?
dier in .a South Carolina regimoiit
during tho war. Who ia ho?
Tito Recountrnrtlon Conrfnttun.
Tho session of tho Convention on
Saturday, say sjhe 'Charleston Xeics,
Vas occupied ol.?ieily in pntehing ami
repairing taskwork, already, done.
Some discussion ensued upon nu
amendment to the miscellaneous pro
visiona of the Constitution, securing
to mun ?cu . women their rights of
property, and the section being
amended, passed to its third reading.
The fbllowing ordinaucos were adopt?
ed: . - . .
An Ordinance to Create q Boord of
Land Conimissi?ners. '
SECTION 1. It shall be tho duty of
the General Assembly to provide for
tho establishment of a Board, to be
known and designated as Commis?
sioners of Public Lauds, of which
Board the Comptroller-General of
th? State shall be a member, and to
define the powers and duties of said
Board, and fix tho compensation of
the members thereof, and to provide
for the current expenses thereof.
SEO. 2. The Commissioners of
Public Lands shall hove authority,
under regulations provided bylaw, to j
purchase at public sales, or other?
wise, improved and unimproved real
estate within this State, which, in the
judgment of such Commissioners,
shall be suitable for the purpose in?
tended by the fourth section of this
article: Provided, That the aggregate I
amount of purchase in any fiscal
year shall not exceed the par value of
the public stock of this State created
and appropriated by the General
Assembly for tho purposes contem?
plated in the fourth section of this
article for suoh fiscal year: And pro?
vided also, That the rate at which any
such purchase shall be made shall not
exceed seventy-five per cent, of the
value of tho land so purchased, in?
cluding the improvements thereon;
suoh valuation to be ascertained in
the manner hereinafter provided for
SEO. 3. The General Assembly
shall have authority to issue to said
Commissioners public stock of this
State to such amount as it may deem
expedient; which stock, or the pro?
ceeds thereof, the Commissioners
shall have authority to apply in pay?
ment of all purchases made in ac?
cordance with tho second section of
this article: Provided, That suoh
public stock shall not be negotiated
at a rate less than the par value
SEC. 4. The said Commissioners
shall have authority, under suoh re?
gulations as shall be established by
the General Assembly, to cause the
said lauds to be surveyed and laid off
into suitable tracts, to be sold to
actual settlers, subject to the condi?
tion that one-half thereof shall be
placed under cultivation withiu three
years from the date of any such pur?
chase; and t hat the purchaser thereof
shall annually pay interest upon the
amount of such purchase money re?
maining unpaid, at the rate of seven
per cent, per annum, aud also all
taxes imposed thereon by or under
the United States or of this State;
and, in addition thereto, sholl, in
every year after the third from the<
date of said purchase, pay sueh pro
portiou of the priucipal of said pur?
chase as shall be required by tho
General Assembly. The titles to
said lauds shall romain in the State
until the amount of said purchase
shall bo paid, principal and interest.
But a certif?cate of such purchase
shall be issued to the purohoser,
which, subject to the condition of
said purchase, shall be assignable
after three years from the dato
SEC. 5. All lauds purchased by
said Commissioners, or the proceeds
of the sales thereof, shall be and
remain pledged for the redemption of
the public stock issued under section
third of this article. But the Gene?
ral Assembly shall have authority,
subject to such lien and pledge, to
make upon tho faith and credit of
said fuud further issues of public
stock; but the stock issued as last
aforesaid, and the proceeds thereof,
shall bo used exclusively for the re?
demption of the public debt of tho
State outstanding at the date of such
issues and which shall not be funded.
SEO. 6. The General Assembly
shall provide by law for the ?v?"rity
of the funds in the hands of the
Commissioners of Public Lands, and
for the accountability of such officers,
and shall roquire bonds to be givou
An Ordinance lo Provide for the Rati
.fication of the Constitution and Or?
dinances, and for t?/e Election of
Wo, the people of South Carolina,
by our delegates in Convoution met,
[do ordain. That on tho 14th, loth
nod \0th days of April, 18GH, the
I Constitution and Ordinance adopted
by this Convention ?hau be submit?
ted fot* .ratification or rejection to
the registered voters of this State ;
nnd also thai, : at the same time, an
election shall bo held for Governor,
, Lieutenant-Governor, Adjutant and
I Inspector-General, Secretary of State.
uomptro?ier-Uenerai, Treasnrer, At
tomey^Geueral, Superintendent of
Education, ami mein'. ors of the Gen?
eral Assembly. And, furthermore,
that nt tho same time an.election,
shall be held in cae.) Congressional
District for u member of the Hoxise
of Representatives of the United
SEC. 2. That the election for the
ratification or rejection of the Con?
stitution and Ordinauces and for the
aforementioned officers, shall be held
at such placea and under such regu?
lations os may be prescribed by the
Commanding-General of this Military
District, and the . returns made to
him as direct ed by law.
Ssc. 5. That ia voting for or
against tho adoption of the Consti?
tution and Ordinances, tho words
"For Constitution and Ordinances,"
or "Against Constitution and Ordi?
nances," shall be written or printed
on tho ballot of each voter; but no
voter shall vote for or against the
Constitution and Ordinances on a
separate ballot from that cast by him
SEC. 4. That a Board of Commis?
sioners is hereby appointed, to con?
sist of Messrs. E. W. M. Mackey, F.
L. Cardoza, A. J. Ranaier, C. C.
Bowen, who shall keep an office for
the transaction of busiuess in the
city of Charleston, and who may
employ such clerical forces as may be
necessary, and who are empowered to
cause to be appointed suitable per?
sons for managers of elections in
each County in the State; to hold the
election provided for by this ordi?
nance. Said commissioners shall
have jK>wer to use all thc necessary
means to secure a full and fair vote
upon the Constitution nnd ordinances
and the election of officers.
SEC. 5. In case of the death, re?
signation, or inability to serve of any
member or mourners of said Board
of Commissioners, the President of
this Convention shall havo power to
fill such vacancy.
SEC. G. That should tho said Board
of Commissioners deem it necessary
or expedient, they are hereby au?
thorized to extend in any County or
Counties, election precinct or pre?
cincts, the number of days during
which tho election aforesaid is to be
held, from three to five.
SEC. 7. That within thirty days
after the ratification of this Consti?
tution, nn election shall bo held in
and for each County, at such time
and places, and under such regula?
tions as may le prescribed by said
Board of Commissioners, for the
election of all County officers re?
quired by this Constitution to be
elected by the people. And the said
Board shall also have authority to
call elections for all municipal
officers, at prssent elected by the
people, at the same time, and subject
to such regulations ns the said Board
may prescribe, not inconsistent with
this Constitution or the charters of
such municipal bodies. And at such
elections overj qualified oleotor under
the provision* of this Constitution
may voto for all officers to be elected.
SEC. 8. That the Commissioners
herein appointed shall receive for
their services five dollars per day in
United States currency, or its equiva?
lent in bills receivable of this State.
SEC. 9. Thit the President of this
Convention, upon the requisition of
said Board of Commissioners, shall
have power to draw from the Treasu?
ry of tho Stito all money necessary
to pay the expenses incurred nuder
this ordinan?, and which the Ge?
neral commaading this Military Dis?
trict is not authorized to assume.
SEO. 10. That the said Board of
Commissioners, as soon os they havo
carried out tho provisions of this
ordinance, .M mil make to the General
Assombly a report of their proceed?
ings, and a ftatemcnt of tho moneys
expended bj fthem.
Hon. Jertrson Davis arrivod in
NPW Orlflar??tnn fhn 4th instant. All
tho fire companies, who were out on
their annualjparado, as they passed
the St. Ohaifes Hotel, gavo gave him
rop?ated cMcors. As they passed
Gen. HancJok's headquarters, thoy
took off tleir hats, and tho bands
played "The Bonnie Bluo Flag."
Thero a? twenty-fivo new rail?
roads in process of construction
within eigUty miles of New York
?w-pwi I '''li --
HORRIBLE MURDER-? CRAZY MAN
Kn.p.s A I'qoR BLIND MAN.- About
7 o'clock cu Saturday morning Inst,
tho.7tb of Maroh.'iPeter Murphy en?
tered the rocfao of -Hugh .Teague,* who
h?M beeii blind for; three times seven
yeats, add bed ridden . for tho ' past
seven weeks, nud.with a seven shoot?
er, instantly killed Teagne for some
trivial difficulty, grc-ing uni of tue
killing of seven pigeons soven days
before, and the only witness to the
tragedy was a lad twice sevtui years
old. Coroner Whiting was imme?
diately notified of the sud occurrence,
aud a jury of inquest was soon im
pnnnelud. From the evidence it
appeared that Murphy and Teague
occupied n kitchen in the rear c.' No.
31 Calhoun street, near Enst B .y
the ono occupying the upper and the
other the lower story. About a week
previous to the homicide, Mr. Mur?
phy's cat killed seven of Mr. 'league's
son's pigeons, but there was no quar?
reling or ill feeling about the mattel-,
and Mr. Murphy paid the lad a dollar
for the pigeons. Immediately after
the act, he presented himself before
H. Pinckney WalkeT, Esq., H. B.
Majesty's Consul, and stated thal he
was accused of a homicide, and os a
British subject he claimed the pro?
tection of the British flag. Mr.
Walker turned him over to Sheriff
Hastie, and he is now lodged in the
jail to await trial. The verdict of the
jury was to the effect that Hugh
Tongue came to his death by a bullet
fired from a pistol in the hands of
Murphy is supposed to be crazy,
and some of his recent acts would
indicate such a state of mind. He
appears to have some method in his
madness, however, by claiming the
protection of the British flag.
I Cliarleaton Mercury.
AWFUL MURDER DY A NEGRO.
Young Harris (negro) was com?
mitted to jail iu this place Saturday
evening last, charged by the coroner's
jury of inquest, of having murdered
a step-sou, a young man of about
eighteen years of age. The witness?
es examined by tho ooroner proved
that the victim was literally whipped
to death-beaten from day to day,
for moro than a week, sometimes
with hickories, a leather strap, a rope
nnd a paddle. Ou last Thursday
morning, Harris commenced the
chastisement before it was day, and
kept it up until some school chil?
dren were passiug near ins house ou
their way to school. On seeing
them approaching, ho stopped whip
piug aud drove his son into a kitchen.
After tho children had passed, he
went into the kitchen, tied tho
young man by tho feet, threw the
rope over a joist log, nud hauled him
up iu that position, his hands barely
touching the floor. He then com?
menced beating him with his usual
weapons. The sister of the young
man, about growu, said this was the
condition of things when sho left the
house to go to the spring for water,
and that when she returned, her
brother was lying ou the floor dead.
This mau Harris is a tolerably
well-informed man; cnn read and
write; and is said to be a sort of
preacher nnd doctor. Other mem?
bers of his family have also shared
his cruelty. Even his wife, on being
examined, was found scarred; and
tho other members-four children,
from fifteen years old down-were all
severely marked by whipping. One
boy, s?me twelve or fourteen years
ola, was so badly damaged that ho is
unfit for any kind of work.
[Salisbury (N. C.) Old North Stale.
Anothor Angola disaster on a small?
er scale occurred on Wednesday. A
car containing thirty passengers was
thrown from the Cnnandaigua and
Elmira Railroad, aud tho stove upset,
emptyiug its coals on the promiscuous
heap of passengers. Twelve persons
were seriously injured, three of them
At tho commencement of the Wash?
ington University School of Medi?
cine, Baltimore, which was held on
Tuesday evening last, tho degree, of
Doctor of Mediciue waa conferred on
Messrs. J. E. Ellis, J. W. Fewell and
J. W. King, from this State.
CHURCH PROPERTY Kr VTORED. -The
Snrimr Street Methodist Chr.rch,
wliich7 ever sinco tho close of tho
war, has been iu tho wrongful pos?
session of a negro congregation, has
boon restored to its rightful owners.
I CJiarleston Mercury.
A large bear, which by somo inex?
plicable means had escaped from
Barnum's Museum, was chased
through tho streets, and was finally
overhauled. A tiger chase was tho
sensation last woek.
"i-.?;.. W*w <.. ..' ..' ''>*? -n..
i ??' 1 ?1 ' : ? ? i
The April number of Peterson's
Ladies' National' Magazine has been
placed on Qpr desk bj Messrs. Duffie
& Chapman. It is an excellent pub-.
lication, considering the price--$2.
Thc r.notiou oula advertised by
Jacob Levin, Esq., to take place this
morning, has been postponed, by
special request, until to-morrow*
Oow-im>rxG.v-Mr. W. B. Lowrance,
conceiving that attempts to injure
his diameter had been made by an
agent of A. E. Colton-a Mr. Samuel
Spencer-assaulted that individual
with a cow-hide as he was leaviug the
Court House, yesterday afternoon.
Judge Moses had Lowrance arrested,
for contempt of court, nnd sentenced
him to five days' imprisonment and a
fine of fifty dollars.
ASSIST THE' Poon.-Mr. A. Y. Lee,
lessee of Calisthenic Hall, has made
an arrangement with Mngiciau Sar?
gent to give an entertainment, this
evening, for the benefit of the poor
of the city and viciuity. The price
of admission has been placed at such
a rate as to bring it within the reach
of nil, viz: 25 cents, or five tickets
for 81 ; reserved seats 50 cents. The
proceeds of the entertainment will be
turned over to Rev. Wm. Martin for
GEN. WASHINGTON'S AGE.-A very'
old man, who saw Gen. Washington,
and describes him as a tall, dignified
appearing person, with a dark or
tanned complexion, has something to
say in the Newport Mercury with
regard to tho real age of the great
Father of his Country. \V oshington,
he says, was born on the 11th day of
February, 1732, old style-'135 years
ago. Eleven days were omitted from
the British calendar in 1752, and
Washington 's birth-day was cele?
brated thereafter on the 22d of Fe
brnary. At the titne of. Washing?
ton's birth, the beginning of the year
in Great Britain and her colonies was
on the 25th of March, but an act was
passed in the twenty-fourth year of ,
the reign of King George LT, that
the 1st day of January, which, in the
old style, would have been 1751,
1 'shall be reckoned and deemed to be
tho first day of our Lord 1752; con?
sequently the period of time between
the last day of December, 1751, and
the 25th of March following, was en?
tirely stricken out from the British
calendar. Washington, therefore,
had no birth-day in February, 1751,
for there was no month of February,
1751, in British history. On his
birth-day, therefore, in 1752, (new
style,) he did not become twenty
years of age, but only nineteen, and
from the day of his birth, in 1732,
(old style,) to this present February,
1868, are only 185 years.
MAIL ARRANGEMENTS.-The post
office open during the week from 8j?
a. m. to G p. m. On Sundays, from
1% to 2}? p. m.
^he Charleston and Western mails
a*~ open for delivery at 2 p. m., and
close at 9 a. m.
Nojfthorn-Open for doiivery at
IO,1 .< a. m., doses at 1 p. m.
G~roenville--Open for delivery 5|?
p. m., doses at 8 p. m.
NEW Aj>vxBTiS?XKsrrs.-Attention ie call?
ed to the following advertisements, pub?
lished this morning for tho first time:
E. A G. P. Hope-Bacon Potatoes, etc.
Gregg, Palmer A Co.-Brokers.
There is a crow roost near T.?vmrj
ton, Ky., where, from time immemo?
rial, thousands of crows have return?
ed every night to roost. They come
flying in in long lines, and go to bed
in the most systematic manner, mar
ihalled by leaders.
We are informed that thc Cominis
doner in Equity, for Greenville
Distriot, has been relieved of his office,
jy tho military, for proceeding to sell
vroperty in violation of General Or?
iels No. 10.