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Daily Paper $8 a Year "Let our Just Censure ^''ji^3sS^Bl^SS^^m Attend the True Event." Tri-Weckly $5 a Year
.... BY JULIAN A. SEllHY COLUMBIA. S. f) : WEPNESDAT.'.MORNING. MARCH- il, iS?S7
VOLUME III-NO. 30$_
. ?ciu,iannn DAILY AND TUI-V.-K.I-.XL?.
?Vfcttt TVEPNESDA.Y TIOI?N'INO.
BY JULIAN A. SELBY,
* *> KKIwu ARD Pitorunvron.
\ .'Offtoo on Main street, a row doora abovo
Taylor (orCamdou) stroot. v
' TERMS-IN ADVANCE.
' ; SUBSCRIPTION. .
Daily Paper," six-months.ti 00
Tri-Weekly, " M . 2 50
Weekly?: I ??? .?.1 GO
Inserted at to cents nor square for thoflrvt
Insertion, and 50 cents for each subsequent.
Weukly 75 ?cuts each insertion.
' *sr* -A liberal discount made on Hie abovt)
rates relien advertisements arb inserted by
the month or 'year. '
'' -t ' -.'Vj, APKNTS.
. Lexington-B. J. Hayes.
Xpartanburg-Hirum Mhehell. ? '
?T. B. Allon,-Oliest?r.
Julius Poppe, Anderson C. H. .
. S. P. KtnsTrd, Newberry C. II.
f J anica,Grant, Union.
J. AL Allen, Greenvillo.
. ' Thc New Constitution."
. THE BUJIJ OF liionrs.
i We. the People qf the Stale of South
Carolhui, in. Convention assembled,
. Grateful to Almighty God for this
opportunity, deliberately nud peacea?
bly of entering into nu explicit and
, Bolemn compact with ouoh other, and
forming u new Constitution and Civil
Government -for ourselves nud pos?
terity, recognizing tho necessity of
protection ot the people in nil that
, pertains to their freedom, safety and
tranquility, and imploring the di?
rection of the Great Legislator of tho
Universe, do agree upou, ordain and
establish the following
Declaration of Rights and Form of
? Government as the Constitution of the
Commonwealth of South Carolina.
DEGLARATTON OF RIGHTS.
SEC. 1. All men are boru froo nud
equal-endowed by their Creator
?with cqrtoiu inalienable rights, among
which aro the rights of onjoyiug and
defending their lives aud liberties,
of acquiring, possessing and protect?
ing property, and of seeking and
obtaining their safety and happiness.
SEC. 2. Slavery shall never exist in
this State; neither shall involuntary
servitude, except as a punishment
for crime, whereof the party shall
? have, beoti duly convioted.
SEC. 3. All political powor is vested
in aud derived from tho poople only;
therefore, they have the right, at al!
times, to modify their form of Go
vemment in' such manner as thoj
may deem expedient) when the pub
lio good demands.
SEO. 4. Every citizen of this State
owes paramount allegiauoe to thc
Constitution and Government of th?
United States, aud no law or ordi
nanoo of this State in contravention o:
subversion thoreof, can have au]
bindi ug force. . "
SEC. 5. This State shall ever re
maiu a member of tho Atuoricai
Union, and all attempts, from what
ever soureo, or upon whatever pro
text, to dissolve the said Union, shnl
'bo resisted by tho whole power of th
SEC. (5. Tho right of tho people
peaceably to assemble to consult fo
the eoinmon good, and to petitio;
the Government, or any departmen
thoreof, shall never be abridged.
SEC 7. All persons may freol
speak, write and publish their senti
ments ou any subject, being respor
siblo for tho abnse of that right; an
no laws shall be en ac ted to restrni
or abridge the liberty of speech or c
SEC. 8. lu prosecution for the pul
lioation of papers investigating th
official conduct of officers or men i
public capacity, or when thc raat'<
published is proper for public ii
formation, the truth thereof mc
be given in evidence; and in all h
dictinenis for iibei the jury she
be the judges of the law and the fact
SEC. 9. No person shall be d
prived of the right to worship Gc
according to the dictates of his OT
conscience; Provided, That tho li
er ty of consoieno? hereby dec?an
I s?mil not justify practices inconsis?
tent with tho pence and moralsaf?ty
- SEC. 10. No form pf religion shall he
established bylaw; but it shall bo tho
duty of tho General Assembly to pass
suitable laws to protect every reli?
gious denomination iu the peaccablo
employment of .its owu mode of wor?
'SEO. ll. Tho right of trial by jury
sholl remain inviolate.
SEC. 12. No person shall bo dis
qunliticd as a witness, or be prevent?
ed from acquiring, holdiug and trans?
mitting property, or bo hindered in
acquiring education, or bo liable to
any other punishment for any offence,
or bo subjected in law to any other
restraints or disqualifications iu re?
gard to any personal rights that) such
as aro laid upon others under liko
SEC. 13. No person shall be held
to answer for any crime or offence
until tho sumo is fully, fairly, plainly,
substantially aud formally described
to him; or be compelled to accuse or
furnish evidence against himself; aud
every person shall have a right to
produce all proofs that may bo favor?
abls to bim, to meet che witnesses
against him face tb face, to have a
speedy and public trial by au im?
partial jury, and to bo fully hoard in
his defenco by himself or by his
counsel, or by both, as he may elect.
SEC. l-l. No person shall bo ar?
rested, imprisoned, despoiled or dis?
possessed of his property, immuni?
ties or privileges, put ont of tho
protection of tho law, exiled or de?
prived of his life, liberty, or estate,
but by tho judgment of his poors or
the law of the land. And the Gene?
ral Assembly shall not enact auy law
that shall subject any rjerson to pun?
ishment without trial by jury; nor
HIIUII he bo punished but by virtue of
a law already established, or promul?
gated prior to the offence, and legally
SEC. 15. All courts shall bo public,
and every persou, for any injury that
he may receive iu his land, goods,
person, or reputation, shall have
remedy by duo conrso of law aud
justice administered without unne?
SEC. l?. All persons shall, before
conviction, bo bailable by suOk-icnt
sureties, except for capital offences,
when the proof is evident or thc
presumption great; and excessive bail
shall not, in auy case, be required,
nor corporal punishment inflicted.
SEC. 17. Tho privilege of tho wril
of habeas corpus Bhall not bo sus
pended, except when in case of iu
8urreetiou, rebellion or invasion, tin
public safety may require it.
SEC. 18. No person, after having
been onco acquitted by a jury, shal
again, for tho same offence, bo pul
in jeopardy of his life or liberty.
SEC. 19. All offences less that
felou}', aud in which the punish men
does not exceed a fine of $100, o
imprisonment for thirty days, shal
be tried summarily before a justice o
the peaco or other ofticer authorize!
by law, or information under oath
without indictment or interveutioi
of a grand jury, saving to tho dc
fendant the right of appeal; and n
persou shall be held to answer fo
any higher crime or offence unies
on presentment of a grand jury, ex
copi in cases arising in tho laud an
naval service, or in tho militia who
in actual service in time of war c
SEC. 20. No person shall bo in
prisoned for debt except in cases c
fraud; aud a reasonable amount <
property, as a homestead, shall L
exempted from seizure or sale for tl
payment of any debts or Hal>ilitio
except for tho payment of such obi
g?tions as aro provided for in th
SEC. 21. No bill of attainder, <
post facto law, nor any law impairir
fb? obligation cf ci;utr?ct?, oin?I ?V<
be enacted; and no conviction sbi
work corruption of blood or forfeitu
of estate. *
SEO. 22. AU parsons have a rig!
to be secure from unreasonab
searches or seizures of their person
houses, papers or possessions. ?
warrants shall be supported by oath
or affirmation, and tho order of tho
warrant to a civil officer to rsahc
r search or BC?ZUTO in suspected piucos,
.or to arr?st one or' moro suspected
persons, or to seizo their property,
shall bo accompanied with a special
designation of the persons or objects
nf search, arrest or eeiaure; and no
warrant shall be issued but in cases
and with tho formalities prescribed !
by the laws. '
SEC. 23. Private property shall not
be talion or applied for public nae, or !
for tho uso of corporations, or for |
private use, without the consent of j
the owner or n just compensation
being made therefor; Provided, how?
ever, that laws may ho made securing
to persons or corporations tho right
of way over tho hinds of either per?
sons or corporations, and for works
of internal improvement, the right
to establish depots, stations, turn?
outs, etc. ; but a just compensation
shall, in all cases, bo first made to
SEC. 2-1. Tho power of suspending
tho laws, or the execution of the laws,
shall never be exercised but by tho
legislature, or by authority derived
therefrom; to bo exorcised in such
particular cases only as the General
Assembly shall expressly provide for.
SEC. 25. No person shall, in anj?
ease, bo subject to martial law, or to
auy pains or penalties by virtuo of
that law, exoipt thoso employed in
tho army or navy of the United
States, and except the militia in
actual service, but by authority of tho
SEO. 26. In the government of this
commonwealth, the legislature, ex?
ecutive and j?dicial powers of tho
Govorument, shall bo forever sepa?
rate and distinct from each other,
and no person or pensons exercising
the functions of ono of said depart?
ments shall assume or discharge tho
duties of any other.
SEC. 27. Tho General Assembly
ought frequently to assemble, for tho
redress of grievances and for making
now laws as the common good may
SEC. 28. The people have a right
to keep and bear arras for tho com?
mon defence. As in times of penco,
armies are dangerous to liberty, they
ought not to bo maintained without
tho consent of tho General Assembly.
Tho military powor ought always to
be held in an exact subordination to
the civil authority and be governed
SEC. 29. In time of peace no sol?
dier shall be quartered iu any house
without the consent of the owner;
and, in time of war, 3iich quarters
shall not be made but in a manner
prescribed by law.
SEC. 30. No person who consci
enciously scruples to bear arms, shall
bo compelled to do so, but he shall
pay an equivalent for personal ser?
SEC. 31. AU elootions shall be free
and open, and every iahubitunt ol
this commonwealth possessing thc
qualifications provided for in thu
Constitution, s?mil liuva an equal
right to elect officers, an I be elected
to fill public office.
SEC. 32. No property ciuulificatior
shall be necessary for an election tc
or the holding of any oBee, and nc
office shall bo created, ho appoint
ment to which shall be for a longei
time than good behavior. After tin
adoption of the Constitution, an]
person who shall fight a duel, oi
send or accept a challenge for thu
purpose, or bo an aider or abettor ii
fighting a duel, shall be deprived o
holding any office of kolor or trus
in this State, and shall le otherwisi
punished aa the law shall prescribe.
SEO. 83. The right of suffrage sha]
be protected by laws regtlating elec
I tion8, and prohibiting, Inder ade
quiite penalties, all nudue influence
from powor, bribery, tumult or ira
SEO. 34. Representation shall b
apportioned according to populatioi
and no person in this Btrte shall b
disfranchised or deprived of any c
the rights Qr privileges new enjoyed
except by the law of the land or tb
I judgment of hie peera.
V ' '
SEC. 35. Temporary nbseuco from
the State shall not forfeit a residence
once obtained.5 ' .**
SEC. 36V All property!'subject to
taxation shnll bo taxed in proportion
to its value. Each individual of so?
ciety has a right to bo protected in
tho enjoyment of life, liberty and
property, according to standing laws.
Ile should, therefore, coutribnte his
share to tho expense of his protec?
tion, and givo his. personal service
SEC. 37. No subsidy, charge, im?
post tax or duties shall be estab?
lished, fixed, laid or lovied, under
auy pretext" whatsoever, without tho
consent of the people or their repre?
sentatives lawfully assembled.
SEC. 38. Excessive fines shall not i
bo imposed, nor cruel aud unusual
punishment inflicted, nor shall wit?
nesses be unreasonably detained.
SEC. 89. No title of nobility or
hereditary emolument shall ever bo
granted in this State. Distinction
on account of race or color, in any
case whatever, shall bo prohibited,
and all classes of citizens shall enjoy
equally all common, public, legal aud
SEC. 40. All navigable waters shall
remain forever public highways, freo
to the citizens of the State and the
United States, without tax, impostor
toll imposed; and no tax, toll, im?
post or whurfage shall be imposed,
demanded or recoived from tho own?
ers of any merchandize or commo?
dity, for the uso of tho shores or any
wharf erected on the shores, or iu or
over tho waters of ony navigable
stream, unless tho same bo author?
ized by the General Assembly.
SEC. 41. Tho enumeration of rights
iu tliis Constitution shall not bc con?
strued to impair or deny others re?
tained by tho people, aud all powers
not herein delegated remain with tho
SPECIAL NOTICES. j
IT IS AMAZING-That thY" feeble I
should totter, with uncertain steps, over
tbo face of the earth, in danger every day
of falling victims to tbe morbid influences
by which wo aro all surrounded, when a
tested and proven vogotablo tonic, capable
or endowing them with the vigor they
need, is procurable in every city, town and
settlement. It might reasonably be
thought that after tho twelve years expe?
rience which the world has had of 1IOS
TETTEK'S BITTERS, all would liuow
that its effect is to prevent disease.
At this season tho atmoHphcro is sur?
charged with tho ecods of intermittents,
remittents, rheumatism, pulmonary dis?
orders, bilious complaints and the like.
Foreous whoso nervous systems aro re
luxod aro the first to snccumb to those
dintempers. Brace up thu physical ener?
gies then with this potential vegetable
tonic. It is the most powerful r?cup?rant
which tho botanic kingdom has ever
yielded to patient research and experi?
ment. Try it. The blindest disciple of
the old medical dogmas will at least admit
that a tonic and alterative, compounded
of approved herbs, roots und barks, can
do no harm, while tho testimony of thou?
sands invites a trial of its virtues.
Vigor is tho thing most needed io these
cases as well as in dyspepsia and nervous
affections, and llostetter's Bitters ls tho
safest, .surest und moat wholesome
strengthening preparation that human
skill has yet concocted.
llnndreds of physicians have abandoned
all the officinal receipts and prescribed
tLis harmless tonic, an a preventivo uud
cure for all cases of chills and fever.
March ll Ct__
QlT is a matter of congratulation that we
have at last had a reliable Tonio intro?
duced in Panknin's Hepatic Bittersjmauu
factnred at tho South by Dr. 0. P. Panknin,
tho well known Charleston Chemist; and
which can bo used by all persons, regard?
less of age or sex, who require a tonic
medicino. Ask your fan ?ly physician, and
he wdl bo suro to recommend them. For
sale by ali druggists.
_AprU 10 wly Da. C. M. MIOT, Agent. ,
MARIUAOR ANO Ctel.II! Ai: Y .-AN
ESHA?. t oa YOUNO MEN on the Crime of
Solitude, aud tho Diaeasos and Abuses
which create Impediments to Marriage,
with sure means of relief. Sent in scaled
lotter envelopes, froo of charge. Address
Dr. J. SKIIXIN HOUGH fON, Howard
? Association, Philadelphia, Pa.
I ?ehl ?mo
FISHER & LOWRANCE.
COLUMBIA. S. C.
NOW IN STORE. ;\
R. & W. C. SW?FFIELD
AHEAD AS USUAL.'
SUITS FROM ?7.50 TO $60,
AFULL LINE OF
SHIRTS, , ,
New Stylo TAPER and LINEN COLLARS.
A Bpleudid lino of FRENCH aud ENG?
LISH CASKJMERE. which will bo mado to
order in tho LATEST STYLES and at LOW
E?erything that is new in the way of
N. B.-Our CLOTHING ?B nearly all of
OUB OWN MANUFACTURE.
S*pt 20_MAIN STREET, i
"The Queen of Medicine."
AN ascription of praise moro worthy tho
triumphs of art than gilded obelisks, '
or monuments of stone, ia tko voluntary
testimony of a grateful people A thou?
sand hearts, and as many ready tongues,
yield a willing aud a thankful tributo of
pruiso to thc merits of thal incomparable
HEINITSIPS QUEEN'il DELIGHT.
These aro tho living trophies:
"Snatched from thc curso disease has
To speak tho triumphs skill has wrought."
In the brief period of twelve mouths,
over 3,000 cases havo beon treated so suc?
cessfully as to ontitlo it to be the wonder
of the ago.
For debility, prostration, nervousness!
mental depression, impaired digestion,
loss of appetite, reatlesness, want of vital
force ana low spirits, it ?B more invigorat?
ing and strengthening than all the com?
pounds of bark or bitters. As a liver
lnvigorator, it ?H of inestimable value. As
a stimulant, it is safer and surer than all
tho rum and whiskey tonics of tho day,
and if you value your lifo and health a
pin's fco, avoid these quickening stimu?
lants to the grave and ute the Queen's
Delight. For nain hv
FISHER A HLTNITSn,
FURNITURE ! FURNITURE ! f
RI keeps constantly mik;
Wa hand an assortment ol?^^s^^'^^H
T* FURNITURE, such as is usually
wanted in a house, consisting of BED?
STEADS, all kinds; Chairs Tables, Ward?
robes, Bureaus, Washstands, Safes, Desks,
Ac. Ho is also prepared to manufacture
and repair anything in thu Cabinet Mak?
ing lino. JEROME FAGAN,
Jun 8 Opposite new Masonic Hall.
I f\ HHDS. primo Clear Ribbed SIDES,
?V/ for sale by E. A G. D. HOPE.
PT t\ BUSHELS prime SEED RICE, for
Oil nulo by E. A G. D. HOPE.
Feb '21_ _
ALL PERSONS INDERTED to the
undersigned aro particularly request?
ed to come forward und put lio ap without
dolay, as indulgence has ceased to bo a
virtue E. A G. D. HOPE.
Jan 14_^_ _;
AFEW pair of Mad. Domorcst's ele?
gant fitting FRENCH CORSETS, at
the INDUSTRIAL DEPOSITORY. Fob 23
The life of ?ll flesh la blood. The
b??ph of til life is pura tl. ..h. PUJO blood
keeps out all diseases. The Queen's De?
light parities the blood.
Choice Sugar-Carod Hams,
AT 18 cents per pound. Call at
Feb 7 J. A T. R. AGNEWS.
3AAA EMPTY HACKS.
?UUU FISHER ? LOWBANCa.