Newspaper Page Text
Wednesday Morning, March ll, VBQ8
AH sorts of .reasons bavo been
given tb show why the impeachment
of Mr. Johnson is necessary. MY.
Ashley declares, that' impeachment
will provo that his (Ashley's) record
on che subject is correct; Mr. Butlor ,
says that it will hold up the Presi?
dent as a "quivering pinner;" the
iNew York Tribune says that "there
arc moral ?e?au?s" for tho apt-and
io on. But -now comes Wendell
Phillips with nis reason. This is
"becauso tho mac, either by his
Wishes or his perverseness, had set
. himself np systematically to save the
. South from the verdict of history,'
* ; and from the necessityof the epoch
. ' in which we are living. This is his
^jreat crime." 'If this he..so, we
would suggest that it should have
been incorporated as a twelfth (?)
. article by tho managers. "I do not
Care," says Mr. Phillips, "whether
) Andrew Johnson has slipped on the
statute or not." The great crime is
; "saving the South from the verdict
of history." As there have boen so
many confident guesses as to what
Mr. Johnson's crime is, it is no more
than fair to add Mr. Phillips' theory
. to the rest, for tho behoof of the
Senate. ' Ono shudders at the hide?
ous turpitude which Mr. Phillips
thus sets forth. A writer in the
Nalioiwl Intelligencer is of opinion
that Macaulay, after all, is mainly
responsible for the whole impeach?
ment business. His magnificent de?
scription of the arraign meut and
. trial of Warren Hastings has fasci?
nated and fired the souls of a good
- many of our prominent public men,
who think they have a fair chance of
having their names made immortal,
. in connection with a similar proceed?
ing here. 'Bdtthe New York Times
' thinks that there are several things
lacking, however, to such a consum?
mation. We have neither the same
actors nor the same criminal; and we
shall also lack the historian. This
impeachment is moro likely to be a
?. caricature than a copy of that. The
. immortality of a caricature is not
always to be coveted.
It may not bo generally known,
, ' says the New Orleans THmes, that
. Thad. Stevens, the great champion
of "the law." (as interpreted by a
. radical Congress,) was once the
leader and head of an effete rebel?
lion in Pennsylvania, familiarly called
the "Buokshot War." It ended in
ono short campaign, tho only nota?
ble event connected with which was
a leap Out of a window by Stevens
and his fellow-conspirators, who pre?
ferred the integrity of their own
constitutions to that of the State. In
his war bulletins to his followers,
Thaddeus then advised them co
"treat the election as if it had not
been held." It might occur to the
moro sorrowful and less rebellious
. peoplo of this section, to borrow this
loaf from tho record of Thaddeus, to
treat tho despotic enforcement of
negro suftVago on the community ns
invalidating the elections, and there?
fore regard them KS novor having
been held. By this course, the in?
tegrity of soeioty would at least be
preserved, if not the Congressional
requirements of the Government.
Wo might also find another prece?
dent for suoh a course in tho passage
of the Alabama hill, which regards
the recent election, under their own
. provisions, as never having been
held, and admits the validity of a
Constitution .rejected by the people
As this is a game that two can play
at, it is not entirely out of placo to
speculate upon the views with which
such a course, if generally adopted
by the South, would he regarded by
the founders and teachers of this
very proper ton ot. Especially we
would like to haye Tbad.'s views
upon the' peint, since ripened by age
oud'expefieribe. . . v
THE .GHABIIESTON CcmV?KTION.
The Charleston ?eios suma np the
proceedings of the forty-sixth doy as
The Convention, yesterday, with a
c\anr-i*n r\l ?^?i?ji^iity n Ililli W88
wholly unexpected, revised its' hasty
action of Saturday, in adopting the
ordinance which made it necessary to
present the ordinances and Constitu?
tion on one ballot and required the
vote of the people therefor. It is
understood that Gen. Canby indi?
cated his wish to this end; and, on
motion of B. C. DeLarge, the whole
subject was reconsidered.
E. \V. ,M. Mnokey then introduced
a supplemental ordinance, whioh
amends the original so that tho se?
cond and fonrth scot ions provide that
the Constitution should be submitted
On motion of C. C. Bowen, it was
agreed that the ordinance invalidat?
ing contracts for slaves should be in?
corporated in the Constitution, and
tho ordinance as amended passed to
its third reading.
The Committee on the Legislative
part of the Constitution, to whom
had been referred Section 4, of the
Legislative article of tho Constitu?
tion, reported tho following substi?
tute for the proviso appended
Provided, That ' until the appor?
tionment whioh shall be made upon
the next enumeration shall take effect,
representation of the several Coun?
ties, as herein constituted, shall be as
follows: Abbeville 5, Anderson 3,
Barnwell 6, Beaufort 7, Charleston
18, (Berkeley and Charleston being
united,) Chester 3, Clarendon 2, Col
leton 5, Chesterfield 2, Darlington 9,
Edgefield 7, Fairfield 3, Georgetown
3, Greenville 4, Hoi ty 2, Kershaw 3,
Lancaster 2, Laurens 4, Lexington 2,
Marion 4, Marlboro 2, Newberry 3,
Oconee 2, Orangeburg, 5, Fickens 1,
Bichland 4, Spartanburg 4, Sumter
4, Union 3, Williamsburg 3, York 4.
After discussion the substitute was
adopted, and the section passed to
its third reading.
The next important subject taken
up was the report of the Committee
on Franchise and Elections. One of
tha provisions of this article is, that
"Every person coming of age after
the year 1875, to be entitled to the
privilege of an elector, shall be able
to read and write; but this qualifica?
tion shall not apply to any person
prevented by physical disability from
complying therewith; provided,
further, that no person shall be al?
lowed to vote or hold office who is
now or may be hereafter disqualified
therefor by the Constitution of the
United States; but the General As?
sembly shall have power to remove
such disability by a two-thirds vote."
Nearly the whole of the ovening
session was occupied in debating the
subject, and varions amendments
Tho question being taken on these,
it was decided to strikeout the first
part of the clause above quoted
down to the word "provided," and
also the words "but tho General As?
sembly shall havo power to remove
such disability by a two-thirds vote."
Mr. B. F. Wbittemoro offered the
following as a substitute for section
8, which was agreed to:
"The General Assembly shall never
pass any law depriving any citizen of
this State of the right of suffrage,
except for treason, murder, robbery
or other crimes whereof tho party
shall have been duly tried and con?
-? ? ? ?
The members of tho Kansas Legis?
lature are on an excursion, and sent
tho following despatch, on tho 5th,
from Cayote, Kansas, terminus of
Union Pacific Railroad, E. D. :
"Kansas, through ber Legislature,
from these wilds sends greeting to
her sister States. The Legislative
excursion party, numbering over 300,
urrived hero to-day, and will return
to Junction City for the reception and
boll to-night, and will roach Topeka
The condition of tho South and the
f?oliv?gc ci iuw Southern people can?
not bo successfully misrepresented
long in the face of such i acts as tho
journey of Sergeant Bates across the
Sonthern States, with only tho stars
and stripes for his serif) and purse,
and the safe sojourn for weeks of
Gen, Butler's wife at Aiken, South
Carolina. At least, the New York
World says so.
I ! I j I I I hui I .
The citizens of Coll eton held u
public meeting nfc Walterboro, on the
3d instant, for the purpose bf aiding
President Johnson and the Demo
cr nt io party, bf the United States in
their struggle for Constitutional
liberty and tho prevention of tho mle
of the negro population over tbe
government of tue State and of the
United States. John D. Warrier,
Esq., was called to the chair. The
Chairman stated that he was a Union
man in 1832, in 1850, and in 1860;
but he was not in favor of the negro
role which the enemies pf the Con?
stitution and its guarantees are en?
deavoring tb force np?n us.
A mass meeting was held in Now
York on Monday evening, for the
purpose of raising funds in aid Of
Washington College, Virginia, an
institution of which P?. E. Lee is
President. Dr. Hitchcock and Henry
Ward Beecher made speeches. Mr.
B., in the course of his remarks, said
that if he bad been born and bred in
the South, ho might have done as
Gen. Lee did at tho breaking out of
A Baltimore merchant, whose son
lost $1,370 at a faro bank in Cincin?
nati, recovered a verdiot in the Com?
mon Pleas Court, in that city, on
Saturday, for tho full amount with
interest, against the proprietors of
the gambling house.
There are now forty postmistresses
in Alabama, and these Indies ore dis
chargiug their duties with great fide?
lity and promptness.
80,000 people have fled from Bue?
nos Ayres to escape tho cholera.
Jerusalem has only 22,000 inhabi?
Columbia Female College.
AMEETING o? tho Board of Trustees
will bo held TniS DAY, at 1 o'clock
P. M., in tho Executive Chamber, Bank
Building. A full attendance desired, as
business of great importance will bo
brought before tbo Board.
March ll_C. H. MIOT, Sec'y.
Columbia Lodge No. 108, A.'.F.'. M.*.
A AN extra communication of this
yVLodRe will be held THIS (Wodnes
/V\day; AFTEBNOON, at half-past 2
o'clock, at Palmetto Lodge Hall.
By order of tho W. M.
March ll 1 J. C. B. SMITH. Sec'y.
Columbia Chapter No. 5, H.*. A.'. M.*.
monthly meeting of
tpter No. 5, will he
r ENING, at Odd Pol
By onlor of the H. P.
March ll 1 W. HUT80N WIGG, Sec'y.
5 BBLS. genuine NEW OB
/f3=3Ea LEANS MOLASSES,
ymg ^ CAMPBELL A JONES.
Bacon Breast Pieces.
2QQQ LBS., STRICTLY CHOICE.
. \j\j*J tor family uso. Low for cash
only. E. A G. D. HOPE.
Planting and Eating Potatoes.
?\f\ BBLS. PINK EYES, l?bbls. MO?N
?i\J TAIN, for planting.
20 bbls. CHOICE, for tablo use.
March 10_E. A G. D. HOPE.
1 FC C\ BUSHELS PRIME SEED OATS,
-LOU for sale bv E. A G. D. HOPE.
Cuba and Muscovado Molasses.
-| f \ HHDS. of prime quality, for salo
WJ low by E. A (1. D. HOPE.
March 10 _
CONSUMEIS OF GAS will nleaso attend
to tho pavnent of their bills, for tho
month of Febniary, without dolav.
March 8jl_ Secretary Gas Company.
THAT most reliablo FERTILIZER, a
few barred rcmaiuing on hand, and
will be disposal of at a reduced price to
closoitout. Apply at my Auction Room,
corner Plain aid Assembly streets.
March H :t_[_JACOB LEVIN.
Desirable Family Residence.
THE above s situated on tho corner nf
Sumter aid Lady streets-known as
the Gracoy lb ase-with every convenience
for a family. To a reliablo tenant, tormu
will be modc ato. Apply at my Auction
Room, Corner Plain and Assembly streets.
March 8 JACOR LEVIN.
A FINE LOT of YOUNG KEN
<r?B[ TUCKY MULES. Can be seen at
-*l-JT-Ohnrl?ft Logan's lot, corner Se?
nate and Aesolibly streets._March 5 G?
Stat? Bills Receivable.
QTATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA BILLS
KJ RECEIVABLE on hand. Parties re?
quiring Haine to pay taxes can bo supplied
by J. & T. It. AGNEW.
THE STORE, on Main street, formerly
ocoupiedby T. W. Radcliffe. Apply
to * .. R. C. ANDERSON,
March 8 ' ? Agent.
New Orleans Molasses.
NEW crop New Orleans MOLASSES,
Just recdvod and for sale br 1
March 4 J. & T. R. AGNEW.
. . y . i
X_?ooa,l X toxica, s.
ATJ-MOST.A FIBE?-The accidental
buming out ot a foul chimney ut
the lunatic -asylum, yesterday morn?
ing, about 6 o'clock, caused the
alarm of fire to bo given. The fire?
men responded promptly, but their
BurviceB were not required.
The Court waa oocupied during the
entire d?y yesterday, in the trial of
M. Brown, charged with killing N.
Biraghi, and to whom a new trial was
granted by the Court of Appeals.
Solicitor Melton conducted the caso.
The prisoner was defended by J. D.
' Tradcwell. After an absence of three
hours, the jury, at half-past 10 o'clock
last night, returned a verdict of man?
slaughter, with a recommendation to
THE GREENVILLE AND COBUMMA
RAILROAD AGAIN.-For the satisfac?
tion of onr correspondent, "Old
Stockholder," who propounded seve?
ral interrogatories relative to tho
affairs of this road, in response to au
article published in the Phoenix, of
the 29th ult., wo have made inquiries,
aud feel confident that the explana?
tion given below will provo satisfac?
tory. Tho article in Saturday's
Ph?ilix, as before stated, was penned
without tho knowledge of the officers
of the railroad company, and was
incited by occasional personal obser?
vations of tho working of the road.
First, as to the freight charges. Tho
Greenville and Columbia Bailroad is
a long one, being now, with its
branches-including the Blue Bidge
Road from Anderson to Walhalla
196 miles. It is not connected with,
nor does it form a part of any great
through lino for cither transportation
or travel; all its business is local, and
consequently its charges must neces?
sarily be heavier, to enable the road
to sustain itself, than if it formed a
part of a great through line, over
which tho travel and business of an
extensive region of country passed.
Besides, since the war, the impover?
ished condition of the country
through which the road passes has
greatly reduced the amount of busi?
ness which, under more favorable cir?
cumstances, would have been offered
to it. The managers of tho road
have used every possible means
within their power, wo verily believe,
to bring business to the road, and to
increase its income and usefulness.
Their object, as wo bavo been led tc
believe, has been at all times tc
adopt such a rate of charges as in
their judgment would bring to thc
road the greatest amount of income,
and at the same time afford to thc
community patronizing it tho great?
est facilities and accommodations.
President Hammett has urged this
idea upon tho directors over sinco h?
connection with tho road. Theil
charges-especially upon cotton and
grain-we think will comparo veiy
favorably, and aro quito as low ns the
local eharges on any road in thc
South-we mean roads not forming i
part of any great through Hue,
When it has become evident to thc
managers that tho charges on ari}
description of freights amounted tc
a prohibition, or were oppressive tc
its patrons, tho rate has been prompt
ly reduced, as wo are informed. Af
to the charges for weighing cotton al
tho depots by tho agcuts, the motive
i of tho managers was one purely ol
economy, and at the samo timo in
tended to bo one of convenience tc
tho shippers. On tho 15th of Maj'.
1866, the following rc?oJaii?B wa?
adopted by tho Board of Directors:
Resolved, That the President be
authorized to permit agents at de
pots to weigh, (for persons desiring
the same,) at the rate of five cents s
bale of cotton and one cent per 10(
pounds of other produce; provided,
it can ba dono to the benefit of th?
Tho representations wero, thal
many shippers preferred to have
?heir ?ottoa and other produce
weighed at the depot?, to having it
weighed ' at another place, whero
they would have ito pay for tho
weighing, besides being taxed with
drnyage; and that, by giving to tho
agents this perquisite, tb? company
could prooure their services at a .less
salary, (looking solely to an econo?
mical management of the road;) and
thnt it would indirectly be to tho
interest of the company, ns well as
to the conveniouoe qf the shipper.
It was uever intended that anything
should be charged for the weighing
of freights for shipping purposes, as
we have been informed.upon inquiry,
but only when requested by shippers
for their own satisfaction-for the
purpose of buying or selling. For.
instance, a buyer and seller of cotton
meet; the purchase is made, and it is
agreed to have it weighed by the
agent at the depot, for the purposo
of settlement between themselves,-in
lieu of having it weighed; at a'ware?
house or other place, whore a charge
for weighing would be made; then,
under the resolution above referred
to, tho agent was permitted to charge,
but in uo other way. Wa are not
awure that this hag been violated; if
so, and it is brought to tho know?
ledge of the President or Superin?
tendent, the charges, we are confi?
dent, will be promptly returned by
the agent so violating it. Cotton is
now shipped by tho bale, without
reference to the weight, and so is
grain. Therefore, there is po neces?
sity for the agent to weigh it for
shipping purposes; and if weighed at
all by the agent, it must bo done at
the request of the shipper-which
may be au accommodation to
the parties interested; or, uuder the
resolution, he may be permitted to
charge the prices stipulated in it.
The company does not require the
ageut to charge, but only permits
him to do so-collecting the charge
from the chipper "himself; but not, in
any case, adding it to the freight
WHO IS HE?-Inquiry has been
made as to the identity of a man
claiming to be a native of this State,
who was lynched in Columbia, Tenn.,
for tho murder of Mr. Bicknell, of
that place, during the lato war. The
following particulars of his execu?
tion are published in the Nashville
Union and Dispatch, of the 5th inst.,
and a confirmation of his alleged
nativity, but no clue as to his real
"Very little is known in regard to
Walker. He said to Rev. Mr. Ott,
who visited his cell on Tuesday, that
ho was a native of South Carolina,
and that he had served in a South
Carolina regiment of the Confederate
army during the war, mentioning tho
number of the regiment and the
nome of his colonel. The reverend
gentleman himself being a South
Carolinian, found tho statements of
tho prisoner in regard to his native
State correct in every particular.
His real name was neithor Walker,
Watts nor Pitts, though ho had, at
different timos, passed by those
names. He refused to give his name,
or anything more of his previous
history, saying that his mother was
still living, and that should she ever
hear of his terrible fate, it would
break her heart. He was a man of
fine education, though of forbidding
appearance, and seems to have com?
mitted the crime, which ho has so
fearfully expiated, in a fit of despe?
ration induced by misfortunes ho hud
brought upon himself."
Nsw ADVERTISEMENTS.-Attention ia call?
ed to the following advortisoments, pub?
lished this morning for tho tirst time:
Extra Meeting Columbia Lodge.
Campbell & Jones-Just Received.
C. H. Miot- Columbia Female College.
Regular meeting Columbia Chapter.
Hostottor'a Stomach Ritters.
BY a graduate of tho South Carolina
College, (a singlo gentleman,) a situa?
tion ss TUTOR in a private family, or
TEACHER in a school, in tho city or
country. Address A. D., Columbia, 8. C.
On BOXES prime CHEESE, for retail
0U iug. I
20 boxes English Dairy Cheead, for sale
low by E. A O. D. HOPE.