Newspaper Page Text
Wednesday Morning, April 22,1868.
-tr ?-1--~7--1- ?
The Charleston Mercury ?nd tile
Democratic ' Convention.
The Mercury, in allusion to the
action of some of the Northern
States on the subject of the negro,
"But the late Convention in Co?
lumbia thought proper to ignore the
drift of events. They thought pro?
per to repudiate the platform of 'a
white mari's Government.1 They
made concessions to the Republican
party, from whom they have nothing
to expect, and have, as far aa their
action goes, undermined the position
of their best friends at the North.
They announced that they are willing
the negroes should be a part of the
body politic in South Carolina, and as
such should have a right of snffrage.
Now, if negroes are to vote, people
have not time or care to go into the
refinements of exactly how many
dollars and cents they possess, or the
precise extent to which they oan
read, write and cypher. These tests
are not applied to the white race,
and there is no reason why they
should be imposed upon tho black
any more. They fritter away the
issue into a matter of degrees in
money and book-knowledge, while
the great tangible, insurmountable,
unanswerable prinoiple of race is
"Well may we exclaim with Fal?
staff: 'Call you this backing your
We would respectfully suggest to
our respected cotomporary, that it is
able enough to argao points without
mis-stating the position of its anta?
gonists. We take issue with the
Mercury, and contend that the Con?
vention did not ignora the drift of
events-did not repudiate the plat?
form of "a white mao's Govern?
ment"-and made no concessions to
the Republican party. These are the
three points made by tho Mercury.
Let os briefly consider them in their
1. What was the drift of events
when the Convention met? As we
understand, the grand drift of events
to which the Mercury is alluding, was
opposition on the part of the Demo?
cratic party to negro supremacy, ne?
gro domination-and not, a3 tho Mer?
cury supposes, to entire negro exclu?
sion from the Government. This is
our view of the matter, confirmed by
our information. It was the declara?
tion of a distinguished and promi?
nent Democratic teador North, that
it would not do to deny suffrage alto?
gether to tho nogroos of the South;
and, in addition to this, let us sug?
gest to tho Mercury, that those very
men who deny all suffrage to the
negroes at tho North, would modify
their position whon suggesting the
adjustment of tho matter for na. Let
the Mercury roly upon the North
even tho Democratic North-to sus?
tain it in the idea of total negro ex?
clusion from suffrage and it will find
that it is leaning upon abrokon reed.
Besides, wo hold it bad policy for the
Democratic party, North or South,
to make tho fight with tho Republi?
can party upon this extremo ground.
Do thia, and you excite anew men's
sympathies and women's tears in
behalf of the "poor negro," and you,
perhaps, pavo tho way for a Republi?
can success in the next Presidential
election. But plauting ourselves on
the iniddlo gronnd of a suffrage
based upon intelligence and property,
we stand firm-we gnther recruits
we win tho victory.
2. The Me)xury charges that the
Convention thought proper to repu?
diate tho platform of "a white man's
Government." Wo submit that no
such inference is to be drawn from
the action of tho Convention. It was
to keep this "a white man's Govern?
ment," that tho Convention put a
party in the field and adopted its
lino of policy. It was about to be
como a black man's Government,
when tho Convention stepped forward
to arrest, if possible, this result.
And in order to prevent the Govern?
ment of this State from being mon
grolized or Africanized, what better
nnnr?? f 1I?T-? tn nm'to oil fTi* "Minyerri
tism of the State against the dire
calamity? And this the Convention
did. In spite of what the Mercury
may think? it is on the policy, and
on the policy alone, of that Conven?
tion, that the conservatism of the State
can be united. Besides, it is hard
for na to realize how the generous
and just concessions of our people,
in the way of a qualified suffrage,
can be tortured into repudiating "a
white man's Government." We will
tell the Mercury,'that the gentlemen
who advocate the policy of qualified
suffrage, are just oe alive to the dig?
nity of their race as the Mercury may
be-are just as firmly resolved to
maintain its supremacy.
3. The Mercury charges that the
members of that Convention "made
concessions to the Republican party,
from whom they have nothing to
expect, and have, as far as their
aotion goes, undermined the position
of their best friends at the North."
On this point, we have to say that no
concessions were made to tho Repub?
lican party. The oouoessions were
made for the good of the State, and
wore deemed just, wise and politic.
As to our under mining the position
of our best friends at the North, that
involves a difference of opinion. The
Mercury esteems it undermining
the Convention esteemed it strength?
ening and sustaining the Democratic
party of the country. As to who
may be correct, we shall see.
The Convention did what it deemed
right in itself and oonduoive to the
best interests of the whole Southern
eountry. Doing this, the Mercury
imagines wo are embarrassing our
allies North, and quotes Shakspeare,
in the words of Falstaff. Let us
BUggest to the Mercury a quotation
from the same author, indicative of
an elevated line of action-suitable
to communities and States os well as
to men :
"To thine own self bu truo,
And it must follow, an the night the day,
Thou canst not then bo falso to any mau."
< -?-?- >
A Suggestion to Extrcmtata.
Suppose that the Democratic party
of the country were to take ground
on total denial to negroes of the pri?
vilege of suffrage. Even then, is it
not better, ns n matter of policy, for
us to take a le.ss elevated position
and bo drawn np higher, than to tako
a ground too elevated, to be brought
down lower? Will the Mercury con?
* ? ? ?
Mis. Er>rron: Persons aro very
much annoyed in their yards by ?dio
negroes-sons and relatives, it may
be, of their cooks and others iu their
service-who lounge about their
kitchens and servants' houses, de?
pending upon these relatives to feed
them; nud their support indirectly
I comes out of tho pockets of those
whose yards they infest. These ne?
groes appear to have no employment.
A very good order was issued at ono
time, that all idlers (capable) found
without occupation would be taken
up and put to work. The officers of
the garrison would bo doyig a favor,
particularly to tho Indies Of tho town,
would they isstio n like order now
and have it carried into effect. In?
deed, the ladies would havo no objec?
tions to have their yards inspooted
and particular inquiry made. They
know ox no other resort to bo re?
lieved of the great annoyance, than
to appeal to the authorities.
I. C. 8.
13. F. B. and Chandler, of tho Se?
nate, were walking up tho avenue
the other day, when Bntlor broke
out: "Well, Chandler, you have heard
mo called a d-d roncal often enough,
bnt did you ever hear anybody call
me a d-d fool?" "Not exactly,"
ropliod tho amiable Senator, "but I
hftfird yr>n failed a 'spooney,' Bon."
"What sort of spooney?" said Bon.,
not taking the joke. "Why. a silver
spooney, of course."
? inn i I'M- II?
Last Tuesday, the elections in
South Carolina commenced, and were
to dose last night. The question is
upon the adoption of t?o "constitu?
tion" just framed by the black and
tan body called into existence under
the S. S. S. bills, and the election of
State officers and members of Con?
gress. The white voters of South
Carolina are largely in the minority,
and'of course the defeat of the "con?
stitution" is very improbable, but
with all the odds against them, our
white brethren there have not wholly
yielded to despair. They put a full
ticket in the held, headed by Hon.
W. D. Porter, and determined that
whatever might be the result, they
would at least make the best resist?
ance they could. Such a spirit of
determination is worthy of all praise,
and should animate every patriot in
Just on the eve of the election,
Hon. W. D. Porter, the nominee for
Governor, wrote a letter withdrawing
his name, and advising the people to
devote all their onergies to defeat
the infamous instrument proposed as
a constitution. We fear that the
vote of the white* may not be as
larg? as it might have been had
candidates actively canvassed the
State. Yet the protest of the white
people of South Carolina against the
iniquity foroed upon them will not be
without its moral effeot upon the
judgment of the civilized world.
Conceding that the "constitution"
will not be voted down, it will appear
that South Carolina will be imme?
diately dragged into the meshes of
radical reconstruction, and we may
soon see that State represented in
Congress by a delegation of scala?
wags who havo no other constituents
than negroos. Of course, the radical
majority in the Houso will hasten
to declare the terms of re-admission
complied with and tho' State of South
Carolina again "in the Union. Then
we shall see in South Carolina that
anarchy and misrule under which
Tennessee has been so long groaning
without hope of relief.
\Richmond Enquirer and Examiner.
THE AnY?siNiAX.s.-The Abyssin
ians are not negroes-of the woolly
head, thick-lipped and Ebo-skinued
type-such as the London comic
papers are fond of representing them.
They are a cross of the Bedouin
Arnbs with the Greek, Portuguese,
Jew, Galla and the negro-the Be?
douin features and character predo?
minating in the mixture, and making
quite a distinctive national race. The
men are shorter of stature than tho
Anglo-Saxons, courageous, tough and
wiry; and the women are handsome.
The prevailing religion of the coun?
try is "Coptic Christianity," which is
very intolerant and very ceremonial,
but probably as much resembles the
religion which Christ taught as some
of tho other sects that bear Hisnamo.
The King, Theodorus, claims to be,
and for aught we know is, descended
from . Solomon and the Queen of
Major L. Euglo, express messenger
of the Merchants' Union, on Friday
night, was pushed against a hot stove
in his car, on tho New York Central
Railroad, by a falling box, and wns
unable to extricate himself. His
cries were not heard until tho train
was stopped, some ten minutes later,
and when taken ont ho was found
severely burned. It is doubtful if ho
Nassau, tho old-timo haven of tho
blockude runners', is still in a condi?
tion of governmental exoitement.
The Legislature has refused to poss
tho appropriation bills, and tho Go?
vernor has dissolved that body. A
now election is going on, the white
voters being arrayed against the
blacks, and violence being threatened
by both sides.
The Brownsville Ranchero an?
nounces that Miguel Lopez, Maximi?
lian's betrayer, has been arrested and
imprisoned for not complying with
an order from tho Government to
?eave Mexican territory.
A man out West, who offered bail
for a friend, was asked by tho jndgo
if ho lind an incumbranoo on his
farm. "Oh, yes," said he, "my old
If tho Southern negroes can get no
other food, they have at least a plenty
of food for reflection. But that may
sit a littlo hard on their stomachs.
Prof. Leinbach is building a ship
at Bethlehem, Pa., with which to na?
vigate tho air.
Ou tho 1st of May, over OOO fami?
lies will move 1. m New York to Jer?
sey City, N. J.
LAURENS. -Tho following is the
reeult: For Convention 11839; against
' 'The bridge over Rocky River hav?
ing been rebuilt, local freights will
be received for Pendleton and Wal?
The annual meeting of the stock?
holders of the Charlotte and South
Carolina Railroad Company will be
held this morning, at 10 o'clock, in
the chapel at Nickerson's Hotel.
The "Southern Dramatics" repent
the tragedy of the "Jibbenninosay"
this evening. Don't forget the time
aad the place. Only twenty-five
The proprietors of the Exchange
Restaurant, rear of Gregg's store,
are furnishing their patrons with
extra fine lunch-wild turkey and
deviled crabs on one day, clam chow?
der another, and oyster soup another,
ll o'clock is the hour.
COLUMBIA MEMORIAL ASSOCIATION*.
We have been requested to state that
there will bo a meeting of the Colum?
bia Memorial Association, at the
Washington Street Chapel, on Friday
afteruoon, at 5 o'clock. Members
and friends of the Association are
requested to attend. Subscription
fee for annual membership, 60 cents.
The Court of Appeals commenced,
yesterday, its sittings for the regular
April term. Present-Hon. B. F.
Dunkin, C. J.; Hon. D. L. Wardlaw,
A. J. The Southern Circuit, first in
order, was called, and the following
O. N. Bowmau, adair., rs. D. Lobe
* R. A. Bowman et al Mr. W. F.
Hutsou for appellant; Mr. Charles H.
Joshua McCreary ads. John A.
Snelling and wife. Mr. J. M. Hut
son for appellant. Mr. W. P. Fin?
Applicants foradmissiou to the bar
will be examined this morning.
TnE LAST REFUGE.-In these days
when men so frequently plead their
loyalty and patriotism, when the
scum of society South seeks to rise
and flourish on the political waters,
how does the truth of Dr. John?
son's saying como homo to one's
mind. Said lie, when he saw men
bankrupt in fortune and character go
into politics and prate about love of
country, "patriotism is the last refuge
of a scoundrel." Truly, in these
days, are men flocking to that refuge
of which the honest old tory spoke.
The Palmetto Fire Eugine Com?
pany appeal to the community for
means to completo their house in
Blnnding street, and wo are snro the
appeal will be promptly and fully
responded to. This is tho first time
since their organization, wo believe,
that they have called upon the citi?
zens for help; their efficiency, excel?
lent disciplino and arduous efforts for
tho public good will be heartily re?
cognized. A committee will call on
our citizens for subscriptions, and wo
hope tho resnlt will prove no less
gratifying to tho firemen than to tho
generosity of the citizens of Colum?
When you seo a young mau and
woman walking down tho street, lean?
ing on each otiier nice a pair of badly
matched oxen, it is n pretty good
sign that they aro b?ut on consolida?
MAILI ARRANGEMENTS.-The post
office open during the week from H}.?
a. m. to 0 p. m. On Sundays, from
?% to 5>J p. m.
Tho Charleston and Western mails
are open for delivery at 4 ._. p. m., and
close at 8';. p. m.
Northern-Open for delivery at
8'.; a. m., closes at 2.45 p. m.
Greenville-Open for delivery f>%
p. m., closet] at 8 p. m.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Special at?
tention is called,to the following ad?
vertisements, published for .the first
Liixiu Lilia mwt uiuy .
Duffie & Chapman-Rare Chance.
J. D. Bateman-Corn.
Jacob Levin-Auction Sale.
Mrs. Reed-To The Ladies.
W. S. Monteith-To Rent
Fisher <fc Lowrance-Corn.
A COMFORTABLE COTTAGE,
in the upper portion of the city.
Rent low. Garden already planted.
Apply to W. S. MONTEITH,
April 22 3f _. Law Range.
AFRESH SUPPLY of tho above
article just received,
100 bushels at Alston.
FISHER Sc LOWRANCE.
THE second performance of this
exciting Tragedy, (which was so
warmly received on Mondav even?
ing,) will be giveu THIS EV?NING.
Ticket? only 25 cents; reserved seats
50. Doors open at half-past 7; per?
formance commence at 8 precisely.
CORN, CORN, CORN.
IAM receiving large quantities of
CORN, and will deliver it by the
car load at any station on the South
Carolina Railroad where there is an
agent, at Charleston prices. The
cash must, in all cases, accompany
the order. J. D. BATEMAN.
April 22 G_Columbia, S. C.
A RARE CHANCE.
? YOUNG LAWYER will find
A. RICE'S and CONNER'S LAW
DIGESTS, nud the STATUTES AT
LARGE; also, RICE on BANK?
RUPTCY, JAMES on BANKRUPT?
DUFFIE Sc CHAPMAN'S
Bookstore, Davis' Building.
jfr^ MRS. C. E. REED has
^^SBk jiibt received a splendid
liSyEE? assortment of U li E S H
feyHfijft TRIMMINGS. Also, a
jjSBjmwW fresh supply of MILLI
WWPM nery GOODS, of all
descriptions, at wholesale
^#1 and retail. French Cor?
sets, Zephyr Worsted Hair Braids,
Curls, etc., which will be sold very
DRESS MAKING in all its
branches, warranted to give satisfac?
tion. April 22 '?mo
DIXON COTTON SEED.
WE can suppl}' a few bushels of this
celebrated prolific Scod.
April 21 2 BLAKELY A OlBBEg.
Dry Flint Hides Wanted.
WANTED, a lot of DRY FLINT IIIDE^,
for which we will pay 13 cents per
pound, if delivered at the South Caioliu;?.
Railroad Depot, Chat (eaton, S. 0. '
MOSES GOLDSMITH & SON.
April 21 ira _
-gi- AN elegant assortment of Ladies',
rn Gentlemen?', Misses' and Boys' Shoee-4
Aband Gaiters, of all descriptions . All
in want uro respectfully Invited To examine
stock, as thov will be sold low for cash, at
April 21 2 _Bann Building.
FOR RENT. ~
igk EITHER the whole or A part of the
Cottage Residence of J. A. Kay, on
tho comer of Lady and Bull streets.
For particulars, inquire at the bouse.
ALE! ALE! ! ALE! ! !
TENN ANT'S SCOTCH Aldi,
Aitken's Aloa Ale,
Jeffrey's Sparkling Edinburg Ale,
English Porter, Ac. For salo bv
April? GBO. SYMMERS.
VENISON H AMS,
AT TWENTY CENTS, nt
FISHER & LOWRANCE'S.
? ICE CREAM.
MCKENZIE'S SALOON is now OPEN
*?.c scacon, '".re?n?fcld's R~v,
corner Main and Lady streets. MWch_17
A FEW GENTLEMEN ?
CAN bo accommodated with OOOD
BOARD, at io per week, by applying
at thia Onice. ARnl 19
SEVERAL Kino BRAHMIN BULLS and
a dr. lot of CASHMERE GOATS, all
of which will bo disposed of at low prices
Tor oash. Address W. P. SPION Eli,
April 19 3* Comm 1 ) i a. S. C.
ROOMS TO RENT.
TWO ROOMS, pleasantly situated, can
bo rented at moderate rates. Apply
at this Office. April ly
Scrofula, or Kin?'* Evil, ir? cured hy
using lleuiitdi's Qncen's Delight.