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? Sunday Morning. April 26, 1838.
The Trae Interest? or the Colored
We hesitate not to declare that the
genuine interoats of the colored peo
?,1o ure based, not upon political pri?
vileges, bnt upon peaceful and pro
ductive industries. It may be a
novel thing for him to vote, bot
voting does not give corn, or meat,
or shoes, or olothes. It is true, we
would not debar the colored man
from all political participation in the
affairs o? the country. We would
give him all civil rights, and, accord?
ing to his qualifications for the trust,
we would concedo to him a modified
suffrage. But, after all, his needs are
material, rather than political. He
wants to obtain a home for himself
and family-wanta work at remune?
rative rates-w?nts peace and a good
understanding with the employers
and capitalists of the country, in
order that ho may make"* support for
his family, and lay up a support for
his old age. He wants, or sb^uld
want, to educate his children and
build churches for his race. Lu?
how can he expect to obtain these
advantages? Is it not hy discarding
tho evil counsels of thoso who are
arraying him against the white peo?
ple of the South, who are his friends,
his patrons, his employers? Most
surely. He must vote with the white
people-must put faith in the white
people-must identify himself with
tho people of his own section-the
home people. They will do him jus?
tice. Let him act otherwise-let him
stick to his radical masters-and he
will find himself some day in a des?
perately bad way. Between the upper
mill-stono of Northern prejudice and
the lower mill-stono of Southern
repudiation, tho colored man will be
ground to powder. Let him toke
heed. His true role is to bo of us and
ir. ?th us of the South. Says the New
York Journal cf Commerce:
"The future historian and moralist
will have S sadly curious subject pro?
vided for his meditations, if it shall
turu out that the liberty of tho negro,
purchased at sach incalculable cost
of blood and treasure, was the cause
of his extirpation from the land by
the intermediate process of idleness,
sickness, neglect, and the want of a
guido, protector and friend."
Colored Co-operative Democratic
Wo are pleased to learn that ar?
rangements are making to form Club
No. 1 among the colored people.
This is a move in tho right direction.
Without hesitation do we declare,
that tho colored men who unite in
this movement of political affiliation
with tho Southern whites, aro secur?
ing their genuine interests; and oven
among their own people, tho time is
not far distant whon they will be held
as tho true friend? of their race. This
movement deserves and will receive
tho aid and countenance of all good
citizens, and of all mon anxious to
preserve the p?aeo of society, by
avoiding, if possible, tho sad antag?
onism of races with which wo seem
LANCASTER- This District has
gouo Democratic. Col. Iv. M. Sims
has boon elected to tho State Senate,
and Col. T. Frank Clyburn and Capt.
Wm. G. Stewart to tho House.
Tho Ledger-the District pnper
urges the keeping up of the bonsor,
vativo clubs, with a view to tho next
elections. Lot this suggestion be
The armies of Europe aro said to
be larger at present than at any time
sinco the wars of tho First Napoleon.
France has 1,300,000 mon, of whom
550,000 are in tho reserves; Eugland
hos 200,000 mon; Prussia, 600,000;
Italy, about 215,000; Austria, 700,
000; Russia, 800,000, with 400,000
moro in reservo; and Spain about
. j - i-' ? '?' : ' ll fin i f
Thad. Steven* and th? Haioni.
A Washington correspondent of
the i?ew,. York Harald, referring to
some of the earlier incidents of Thad.
Stevens' political > career, givea the
following account Of his conflict with
ino iuasons, when a member of the
At tue time when the great anti
Masonio excitement--horn to life
from the Morgan bugbear.-?wept
over the land, like a fierce simoon,
from Maine to Georgia, Thad. Ste?
vens was a member of the Legisla?
ture of Pennsylvania. Espousing
the cause of the anti-Masons from
disappointment, and aotuated by
feelings of the bitterest animosity
against tho Masons, for reasons that
will be made apparent, he introduced
a resolution to the effect that the
House of which ho was a member,
inquire into tho subject of Masonry,
with power to send for persons aud
papers. The House, largely auti
Masonic-the members as well as tho
Governor of tho State having been
elected upon the then tremendous
issue of tho day-adopted almost
unanimously the resolution, and n
number of well known Masons were
summoned to attend the "high court,"
then in session at Harrisburg, to give
evidence in matters appertaining to
the Masouic order.
A thorough investigation was to be
had in thc premises, and the secrets
of the brotherhood laid bare to the
world. The "devil," the "goat"
and tho "grid-iron" were to be
shown up in all their hideousness;
the fearful and horrible rites and
ceremonials were to be brought forth
and exposed to the light of day, and
the black monster, Masonry, was to
receive its death blow then and there.
Thad. Stevens was the St. George
who was to annihilate the dragon.
On the day appointed for the com?
mencement of tho proceedings, which
were to consummate the above,
every member-aud, as we have
said, a majority of the House were
anti-Masons-was in his seat, anxious
for, yet dreading, the up-lifting of
the curtain that was to reveal the
hitherto veiled horrors that dark?
ened the ceremonials of the Masonio
brotherhood. The House was paoked
with Masons and anti-Masons, and
among tho former was a well-known
Mason, master of a lodge in the
State, who had been summoned to
Harrisburg in relation to the matter
then about to be investigated in all
its details, and him, Thad., as grand
inquisitor, proposed to examine first.
When all was in readiness, tho self
constituted champion of the anti
Masons commenced his interroga?
tions thus: "Are you a Mason?" "I
am, sir." "Do you belong to a
lodge in this State?" "I do, sir."
"What position do you hold in tho
lodge?" "Tho position of Master."
"What are tho iuitial proceedings
consequent upon the meeting of the
lodge?" "The lodge is opened with
prayer." "Well, go on, and Btate
what follows." "I am waiting for
your questions." "Well, what aro
the ceremonies incident to the ad?
mission of a member?" "He is bal?
loted for, and if no votes bo cast
against him. is admitted a member of
tho order." "What then? Pienso
.stato the subsequent proceedings.
What follows next?"
"Mr. Stevens," said the witness,
with a mischievous twinkle in his
eye, "if, on the-day-, 18-,
you had beon found worthy, you
would have become a momber of tho
-? Lodge in-, and would have
been initiated in all the secrets and
mystories connected with the order,
and would have possessed a know?
ledge that, except he becomes a
member, no man ever will possess. "
The witness sat down. Stevens was
thrown completely back upou his
haunches by this unexpected thnu
der-bolt coming from a serene sky,
and, paralyzed from tho effects of
the blow, stupefied with astonish?
ment, ho ignominiously wilted. The
fact was, ho had sonic years previous?
ly beon proposed for membership in
one of the lodges of the State of
Pennsylvania, bnt was "blnck ball?
ed," which "littlo circumstance" he
supposed- forgotten. Tho icLuiuder
hurled at him at this particular
juncture, knocked him completely off
his pius. There was a universal buzz
of satisfaction from tho largo num?
ber of Masons in tho house, as the
point blank shot of tho brother went
so true to its aim, and amid tho com?
motion consequent from the mark
hoing so squarely hit, the further
examination of Masonic witnesses
was postponed until the next day.
It was noedless to say this was the
end of tho matter. The whole thing,
as far as legislative interf?rence woe
concerned, was very wisely dropped.
' nm ir jail ii ???
THE RIOT* TESTERO?**-Onr city
wai intensely exoited yeeterday after?
noon; (says the Augusto. Constitu?
tionalist, of the 23d,) and bnt for the
cool courage and undoubted bearing
of Hr. Juuu A. Christian, nad the
patience and self-possession of the
whites, there would have been a scene
of bloodshed that would have suflioed
the insatiable thirst of the rankest
radioal in our midst. Tho Jay pass?
ed off quietly op to about 5 o'clock,
at which time there were about 300
negroes and about seventy-five whites
in the Court House yard, crowdiug
around the steps, waiting the closing
of the polls, all peaceable und order?
ly. About this time, the military
Mayor of this unfortunate city-the
mau appointed by Gen. Pope as chief
conservator of the peace-came out of
the hall, and standing iu the portico,
flourishing a roll of greenbacks,
offered to bet Si,OOO that Bullock
was elected. This brag, from tho
chief Loyal Leaguer, enthused tho
negroes, who cheered lustily. The
whites then cheered for Gordon and
One irreverent individual cried ont:
"Yon d-d perjured son of a b-,
you had better pay off your police
with that money." From this time
to the closiug of the polls, there was
considerable chafing. When tho
polls were closed, Bryant, we learn?
ed, advised his friends to go home.
The same advice was given by Mr.
Christian and Major Crump to the
white citizens present. This last
named gentleman had just left the
court yard, in company with Mr.
G. A. Suead, when tho row com?
menced. A general fight would
have ensued, but for the reasons
stated above. The negToes brandish?
ed their clubs and threw showers of
bricks; the whites standing firm and
cool. Soon, at the suggestion of
Major Crump, tho military squad
was pat iu motion, and the bayonets
dispersed the negroes, injuring seve?
ral, and we hear running one entirely
through. The officer in command
very wisely ordered his troops not to
About 7 o'clock, auother serious
disturbance occurred iu Broad street,
occasioned by a mulatto, who is said
to have assaulted a young gentleman
who is, and has been for years, a
cripple. Immediately after this, the
same negro struck a lady-the wife
of au eminent surgeon of this* city
felliug her to tho ground. There
were several crowds of peoplo on
the streets, talking over the incidents
of the riot at the City Hall, and
chase was made by several persons
for the offeuding negro. Several
pistol shots were fired, one of which
took effect in the thigh of the flee?
ing negro. Deputy Sheriff Crump,
at great personal risk, succeeded
in arresting the negro and protect?
ing him from the rage of the incensed
multitude. A number of prominent
citizens arrived at this juncture, and
seconded Major Crump in tho pre?
servation of the peace. They after?
wards assisted two policemen in
getting the negro to tho guard house.
We learn that he is subject to fits of
lunacy, and this may account for his
strange demeanor. His name is
Alfred, and was formerly tho slave of
Mr. J. E. McDonald, of Summerhill,
S. C., but has recently been in the
employ of Mr. Wheelock, of this
city. His wound is not serious.
Just ns the negro was started to tho
guard house, us above stated, some
other negro threw a billet of wood in
a crowd of whites, when a few more
volleys were fired, without any re?
Tho papers in different portions of
the State express tho opinion that
tho fruit crop has been but iittlo
injured by tho late severo weather.
Checks on New York,
FOB SALE by GRAESER,
MoJUNKIN ?? SENN.
April 20 2
CORN! CORN! CORN!
FOR SALE LOW, in any quantity,
bv SWYGERT A SENN.
April 2G fS
Rituon, Flour, Meal, Grist.
CHOICE BACON SIDES, STRIPS,
FLOUR-Super, Extra, Family.
Fresh MEAL and GRIST received
daily, at SWYGERT & BENN'S.
April 20 13
F. F. F. SOUTHERN DRAMATICS
rpO-MORROW (Monday) EVEN
ING, April 27, will bo performod
the amusing farces of "PADDY
MILES' BOY" and tho "LADY OF
THE LTONS." Admission 25 cents.
Reserved seats 50. Curtain rises at
8 o'clock. April 20
will the Plionix be enlarged/ Let
cr.r ii icuil? como forrard and help
us with tbeii- names and subscrip?
tions and good will, and we promise
a paper worthy of the capital of the
State, and of the cause to whioh we
have given oar energies.' Democratic
Clubs will fiud that our columns will
keep them posted as to the aims and
progress of tho Democratic party in
this State and elsewhere. The De?
mocratic or conservative element will
find in this journal a judicious but
Sm WAIVTER SC ITT-Messrs. Duffie
& Chapman have furnished us with
two volumes of "Peterson's Cheap
Edition for thc Million" of the Wa
vorly Novels-"The Antiquary" and
"Old Mortality." Price twenty cents
GOOD BEEF ONCE MOUE.-Wo have
been requested to state that a supply
of tho very best beef can be obtained
at stalls 4: and 12 during tho coming
We are indebted to Major John
Alexauder for copies of late Scotch
papers. Also, tho Sydney (Aus?
tralia) IUustrated yews. These papers
aro on file for inspection.
FIRE ALARM.-The alarm of fire
yesterday morning, about 12 o'clock,
was caused by the partial burning of
the roof of tho small honso, cornor
of Senate and Gates streets. It was
extinguished before the arrival of the
THE LAND WE LOVE.-The Mt y
number of this valuable Southern
publication has just beeu received.
IQ addition to the other attractions,
there is a handsomely executed steel
engraving of tho family of Hon.
Jefferson Davis. This magazine de?
serves a very extensive circulation
throughout the South.
The "Southern Dramatics" present
a capital bill for to-morrow night-a
burlesque and a farce. Several excel?
lent points are made in "The Lady
of the Lions," while the "Limerick
Boy" provokes shouts of laughter.
Go and see.
Democratic Clubs-colored and
white-have been organized in the
Crane Creek section of this District.
The colored club numbers thirteen
members, with the following officeia
elected: J. Thompson, A. Pettyfoot,
M. Turnipseed. Tho white club num?
bers sixty-live. The following are
tho officers: Captain Douglass, J.
Medlin, W. JStack, Eli Killian, W.
E. Marshall, W. H. Sligh.
OUR CITY.-We are glad to note
the evidences of continued improve?
ments going on iu our city. As a
place of residence, Columbia stands
unrivalled for its native beauties, its
climate and its attractions in general.
And as a place of business, we trust
the time is not for distant, when it
will riso to ita destined importance.
Our merchants now aro holding out
every inducement to buyers, and we
need only tho introduction of the
manufacturing element to n greater
extent, to make this a commnuding
point of trade. Wo havo the water
power. We need only capital to de?
velop Columbia, until houses crowd
upon the river bank.
RELIGIOUS SERVICES THIS DAY.
Trinity Church-Kev. P. J. Shand,
. ector, 10,'.. a. m. and il p. m.
Presbyterian Church-Hov. W. E.
Boggs, Pastor, 10'.j a. m. and 8 p. m.
St. Peter's Church-Lev. J. J.
O'Connell, Pastor, 10a. m. and ?Jp. m.
Washington Street Chapel-Rev.
Wm. Martiu, 10jj a. m. and4}^ p. m.
Marion Street Church-Kev. H. A.
Bass, IO,1 .j n. m. ; Church Couferenco,
4!.;? p. m.
Lutheran Lecture Room-Rev. A.
R. Rude, 10 * .j a. m.
Baptist Church-Rev. J. L. Rey?
nolds, 101.? a. m.
COURT OF APPEAIJS.-On Friday
last, the following causes were heard :
Geo. D. Huiet, administrator, vs.
Bud. 0 MHtthc.r=, czoc?ivi. Slr.
Adams read brief for Mr. Jones and
R. E. Mosely el al vs. Thomas
Eakins el al. Brief read by Mr. W.
W. Adams. Case opened hy Mr.
Bonham for appellants. Mr. ' You
mans heard ?contra for appellee, fol?
lowed on samo side by Mr. Burt.
Mr. Adams closed in reply.
John A. Wise & H. A. Shaw, exe?
cutors, vs. Stephen W. Mays. Brief
read by Mr. You mans for Mr. Addi?
son, and case submitted.
F. M. Dyson, administratrix, vs.
John A. Dyson. Brief and argu?
ment of Mr. Galluchat read by Mr.
.?..The Court adjourned over until
At the annual meeting of the Co?
lumbia Memorial Association, held
ou Friday, the 24th instant, the fol?
lowing resolutions were unanimously
Resolved, That the thanks of this
Association are due, and are hereby
tendered, to the manager of the tab?
leaux given for the benefit of this
Association, and to the ladies and
gentlemen associated with her, for
their graceful and effective exertions
in our behalf.
Resolved, That the thanks of the
Association be tendered to Captain
Stanley, President of the Columbia
Gas Company, for gratuitous use of
the gas; and to Mr. Selby, for various
favors conferred through the columns
of tho Phoenix, and for printing
tickets and programmes without
Resolved, That we entertain a grate?
ful sense of the courtesy and kind?
ness of the distinguished gentleman
whose presence and aid contributed
so much to the success of the tab?
Resolved, That the Association
would express their appreciation of
the politeness of the colored band,
who generously tendered the music
for the tableaux.
Resolved, That these resolutions be
entered on the minutes of tho Asso?
ciation and published in the Phoenix.
Tho following ladies were request?
ed to act as Chairmen of Committees
for the several wards, and appoint
persons to visit in each ward, and
offer to every one the privilege of
becoming a member of the Associa?
tion, and to allow those who were
not able to become members the
opportunity of contributing n sum,
however small-feeling sure that all
will gladly avail themselves of this
means of aiding the Association in
its sacred task. The Committees will
visit the wards during the following
week, and wo ore authorized to say
any ?um, even tho smallest, will be
For'Ward Not 1-Miss LaBorde.
" 2-Mrs. Kay.
?' 3-Mrs. Howe.
" " " 4-Mrs. McFie.
M.ur. ARRANGEMENTS.-The post
ofliee open during the week from 8^
a. m. to G p. m. On Sundays, from
4?s to 5'J p. m.
The Charleston ami Western mails
ure open for delivery at l,1? p. m., and
close at SU p. m.
Northern-Open for delivery at
8,'J a. m., closes at 2.45 p. m.
Greenville-Open for delivery 5U
p. m., closes at 8 p. m.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Special at?
tention is called to tho following ad?
vertisements, published for thc first
time this morning:
Swygert ?fc Senn-Corn, Flour, &c.
Graeser, Mc Junkin & Senn-Checks
C. Hussung-Coustnble Sale.
1 OOO BUSHELS CORN just
M.m\J\JKJ. received, and for sale
by FISHER A LOWRANCE.
Also, delivered at all stations on
tho Greenville and Columbia Rail?
road, ut Columbia prices. April 25
A 8UPPER FOR THE BENEFIT
OF the LADIES' INDUSTRIAL
ASSOCIATION, will be given
on THURSDAY, April 30. Any
contributions from the city or coun?
try will be gratefully received, and
can be sent to the Executive Com
mitteo. Contributions from tho coun?
try will be forwarded free of charge
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE-Mrs. S.
Fair, Mrs. Singleton, -Mrs. Theodore
Stark, Mrs. John T. Darby. April 24