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v THE DAILY H I'HlF.M V.
D??y Paper t? a Year "Let our Just Censure ^^?^CSlr^^BSN?? Attend tho True Event." Tri-Weekly $? a Year
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BY -JULI A?f A. ?ELBY. * COLUMBIA. S. C.. THURSDAY MORNING, MAY 21, 1868. , . ., VOLUME IV-NO. 53.
' ?OBIJSHW? DAILY AX? TRI-W?.KBXT. ,
J ?ul wtunsauil KOKHTHO.
BY JULIAN A. SELBY,
EDITOR AND PRO TRI ETO P. .
Of?co on Moin street, ? few doora above
Taylor (or Oamden) street.
TERMS-IN AD VA NC E.
Daily Paper, six montba..',.. *4 00
Tri-Weekly, ".; 2 50
Weekly? " " ..' t W
Inserted at 76 cents per square for the flrat
insertion, and 50 cents for each subsequent.
Weekly 75 cents each insertion.
af A liberal discount made on the abovt ,
rales rohen advertisements are inserted by '
the month or year.
Lexington-B. J. Hayes.
J. R. Allen, Cheater.
Julina Poppe, Anderson G. H.
B. P. Kin ard, Newberry 0. H.
James Grant, Union.
* FOE SALE,
At Palmetto Iron Works, Columbia, S. C.
135-HOR8E POWER ENGINE, with
Tubular Boiler and Saw MUX complete.
Will he sold separately, if desired.
110 and 1 8-Horse Power ENGINE, suit?
able for plantation nae.
Keeps on hand Gin Segments, all sizes;
Plates and Balls for Cotton Screws; Sugar
Mills, with or without frames; all sizes.
Also, manufacturing Mendenhall's Pa*
tent Hand or Power Loora. Ono can be
seen in operation at the Works.
Iron and Brass Castings mado to order;
Mill Gearing, Pulleys, Hangers and Shirt?
ing. Jobbing promptly attended to, and
all work warranted.
May 20 Imo_GEO. A. 8HIELL8.
DONE on the Sewing Machino, (Wheeler
& Wilson's,) at the "Ladies' Indus?
trial Association." LESSONS will also be
given, on the same machine, to snch ladies
aa desire it, between the hours of 9 a. m.
to 10 a. m. For terms, apply at the
May 19 ^? '_?_"ASSOCIATION."
WOULD inform the public that he has
concluded to soU all his LIQUORS
at NEW YORK PRIOES. I
CLAM CHOWDER for Lunch to-day, at
ll o'clock a m.
BEST LIQUORS kept c. "...canth- on
hand: also, LION LAGER BEEB.
MEALS at all hours.
.tt y'-'...) . ... . J. CLENDINING.
Proprietor Exchange Restaurant.
NEW GOOPS, I
CHEAP GOODS, .
. CHEAP GOODS,
?4 ' JUST RECEIVED,
.A^ CF. JACKSON'S,
llay 19 T CF, JACKSON'S.
' FINE GROCERIES.
CHOICE Maryland HAMS, Fresh May
BUTTER, PHme CritUbg CHEESE,
Pure Leaf Lard, Sugar-CuVcd Strips, Ba
awabn Sides and Shoulders, Choice Family
^rlour, Crushed, Powdered and Granulated
Sugars, Fine Teas, Primo Coffees, kc.
Constantly on hand and for sale by - ,
May 16 4 J. A T. R. AGNEW.
Ir^Mt SIX HEAD of good MULES
WI wanted. Parties desiring to soil
AASBU?WU1 do well -io call op me before
selling. GEO. A. HALL.
May 15 _
A very eutoerfor MARE COLT,
two-years old. Terms liberal. Ap
. ply at the Tickst Offiae of Charlotte
ith Carolina Railroad. May 15 6?
May 15 _At Seegers' Old Stand.
CHOICE FAMILY GROCERIES.
FRESH SUPPLIES thia week of:
I Orango Brand HAMS,
Sugar-Cured Bacon Strips,
Finest Brand? st. Louis Eamily Flour,
Prime "May , Goshen Butter,
Boxes Orange's and Lemons,
Barrels AuaorUd Nuts, Almonds. &c.
"Trenton" and Mason's Craokers, all
kinds, '? "fl UtC<A) Hil r:'.t
New Crop Teas, Greou and RUck,
Dried Figs, Jelllos, assorted t
Canned Tomatoes, Peaches, Aa.
Stock of Family WINES and LIQUORS
is full in every reapeot, and. the greatest
care is taken to simply customers with
goods in tins lino PURE arid UNADUL?
TERATED. The finest Freden Brandies,
imported Wines and .tho moat approved
Whiskies always on band.
Orders fr. m the country attended to
piomptly, and parties thus ordering can
depend on being supplied on tho same
terms as if purchasing in perron.
May 15_GEO. BUMMERS.
rr S SACKS of Extra and Family FLOUR,
i t? for ?ale by
May 14_FISHER A LOWRANCE.
Grant'! Fan Mills,
FOR sale by
May 16 FISHER A LOWRANCE.
BICHLAND COUNTY ?FFICERB.
PHINEAS F. FRAZEE.
F*r Clerk of CovrL .
VSL ?. MILLEE,
v . --. ft>r.jprob<\te Judge.
.... WU. H. WIQO.
WM. Bi JOHNSTON.
For School Cbmmissioner.
WM. H: BROWN.
For County Commissioners.
JOHN H. BRYANT,
CHARLES P. HEMSEN.
M?y 19 _
Nomination for the Mayoralty.
WILLIAM M. MYERS, ESQ., ut a. candi?
date for tho Mayoralty, and will bo sup?
ported br his
Ma> 8' NUMEROUS FRIEND8.
The State Central Executive Committee
suggest to Democratic clubs the following
simple form of constitution:
In order lu- aid iu it-nLoriug Cuusiitu
tional liberty to tho people and States of
the United States, we, the undersigned
residents of , do hereby
form ourselves into an organization, to be
known as tho Democratic Club of :
?md, that in connection with the cardinal
principles of th? National Democracy, "wo
recognize tho colored population of the
State as an integral element of tho body
politic, and as such in person and property
entitled to a full and equal protection, un?
der the State Constitution and laws, and
that, as citizens of South Carolina, wo de?
clare onr willingness, when we have the
Eower,. to grant theta, under proper quali
cations as to property and intelligence,
the right of suffrage- "
ARTICLE 1.-The officers of this associa?
tion ?hall consist of a President, vice-Pre?
sident, and one Secretary and Treasurer,
who shall be elected semi-annually.
ARTrcii? 2. The dab will aesemble at tba
call of the President, and at such stated
times as may be agreed upon. Ten mem?
bers shall constitute a quorum.
.ARTICLE 3. Any malo residout of
may beoomo a member of this association
upon signing thia Constitution and agree?
ing to act with the olnb in tho support of
the men and. measures of tho Democratic
party in District, State, municiDal and na?
"Municipal" to be loft oat in country
elabe. The Committee renew their re?
commendation thar the different cluba in
each District form a central organization,
which organization ?hall report its officers
and strength forthwith to this committee,
and then once .every month thereafter
send in a monthly report. Tho Commit?
tee eend their greetings to the country
and are pleased to report that the move?
ment they represent ia flourishing. Ito
epeotfuuy, WADE HAMPTON,
F. w. MCMASTER,
JOSEPH DAN. POPE,
W. H: SHANNON.
May 17 ' Committee.
FOB aale low at
8WYG?BT A SENN'8.
May 10 . lil Imo
' Choice Sugar-Cured Hams
4ND PRIME VENISON HAMS, at
8WYOEBT A BENN'S,
ay 10 1 ' . _imo
ANOTHER SUPPLY, at Ci
May 10 Imo QWYQEBT A .BENN'S.
ALL persons having demands against
the estate of the late JAMES S.
GUION ABD will present them, properly
attested; and those indebted will make
payment to the undersigned.
JAMES 8. GUION ARD, Adm'r.
May 13 i ? ; 12
QrVfi I'D*5- PRIME SMOKED BEEF,
DUI./ just in and for sale by
May 8 E. A O. D. HOPE.
KAA BUSHELS WHITE CORN, just
tJ>VJ\J received and for salo low by
May 17 4 J. A T. K. AGNEW
AT PRIVATE SALE.
THE DESIRABLE LOT, with BE
SIDENCE, corner of Laurel and Bull
.streets, known as tho "Bronson"
The buildings are all first olass and
complete, with all modern improvements
and conveniences. The lot contains three
fourths of an acre or more: well stocked
with choice fruits and shrubbery.
- For terms-which will bo mado accom
modating-apply tn'Mas. H. 0. BRON
BON, through ?his offloe. _May 16 6
Washington st., nert to Brennen <t Carroll?*, a
ni/i'Kic dt UAUK?, Proprietor*.
THE subscribers havo oponed this estab?
lishment as a BES TAD RANT, and will
furnish tho beat of ?verytiling in the way
of Wines, Liquors, Ale, Segars, Tobacoo,
otc. LUNCH every day, at ll o'clock.
The patronado of- their friends and the
public ia sofieited. _. May 16
Bolting Cloth! Bolting Cloth! ?
THE BSH1 ANOHOB BRAND, Nos. 4,6,
8 and 10, at lower Agares than they
oan be bongbt in tho oity. For saie by
_May 14 12 _ JT. J. GIBSON,
MILL FOR SALE.
ONE of the best constructed PORTA?
BLE BURR STONE MILLS, about
l.'JOO Iba. weight-suitable for whnat or
corn, and will ?lind from fifteen to twenty
bushels of corn per bone Apply to
f JAMES HUNTER,
May 5 #mo Colombia, 8 C.
AN APPEAL TO THE HONORABLE
SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES,
IN BEHALF OF THE CONSERVATIVE PEOPLE OF
SOUTH CAROLINA, AGAINST THE ADOPTION, BY ' :
CONGRESS, OF THE NEW CONSTITUTION
PROPOSED FOR SOUTH CAROLINA.
Tb the Honorable the Senate of the United Slates of America :
* J J. . ...J ? .
The undersigned, in heh alf of a large portion of the good people
of the State of South Carolina, respectfully appeal to your honora?
ble body, to arrest the adoption of the new Constitution proposed
for said State. In spite of the respectful remonstrance submitted
to the House of Representatives and to the Senate, wo find that the
former body have given to said instrument their approval For the
sake of ail classes of our people, for considerations affecting the
peace of society, in new of the substantial interests of the State,
put in jeopardy by an organic law, which may truthfully be charac?
terized as a political abortion, the offspring of incapacity , and preju?
dice and hate, we submit our ".ase-tho case of the conservatism of
South Carolina-to the high court of last resort, the Senate of the
In addition to the arguments contained in the remonstrance
paper, and in the address made to the Reconstruction Committee
of the House of Representatives, herewith submitted, we respect?
fully invite the attention of your honorable body to the exhibits
hereto appended, and marked "A," "B" and "C."
A. Exhibit "A" gives tho items, and shows the amount of taxation
provided for in the new Constitution. The State is now sadly
impoverished. The property which her people had in their slaves
has been swept away; it is true, given up by and with the consent of
the State; nevertheless, that property no longer represents capital
and value. The ravages of war, the marks of the conqueror's totch,
are everywhere visible. The labor of the country is passing from
one state to another, and is disturbed, and demoralized. The
flower of the commonwealth have fallen cn the battle-field, and the
broken fortunes and disappointe.l hopes of a proud people weigh
heavily upon the energies of at least the"old and the less sanguine
amongst us. Yet, under these circumstances, affecting enough to
touch the sympathies of every manly nature, and in violation, as
we conceive it, of the political inheritance of our forefathers, hero
in South Carolina, we are threatened with the onus of a monstrous
plan of public spoliation, under the guise of an equitable system of
taxation. Under the forms of law, it is proposed to take away the
littlo that the war has left us. " Taxation without representation" is
combined with "rejyresentation without taxation." Thus, in South
Carolina, it is contemplated to revive the tyranny of the British
Parliament in 1776, and to add thereto a new and startling feature.
We refer you now to exhibit "A." Although South Carolina is
struggling for bread, yet observe how, under the new Constitution,
the burdens of taxation have been increased:
Proposed now to be raised.,.$2,230,950
Before the war, amount about. 350,000
Proposed now to be levied on the real estate of the State 3 per cent.
Before the war.\ per cent.
But when there is taken into consideration the depreciation of the
value of property since the war, the difference is far greater. For
illustration, take the case of a piece of property, in a town, before
the war, worth say.$10,000
Levied before the war on this ? per cent., making. 50
Now, at same valuation, it pays at 3 per cont. 300
Thus the proportion stands as 1 to 6. But this is not all :
The property valued before the war at $10,000, has now a
value of. $3,000
Before the war, a tax of $ per cent, levied on this would give.. 15
But to raise the $300 required now, demands a tax of 10 per
Thus, taking into consideration the depreciation of the value of
real estate, tho proportion stands as 1 \o 20, or the taxation provided
for in the new Constitution is altsolulely twenty times as great as before
the war. Nor is this all. But in the case of land, which has
depreciated more in value than city property, the proportion
is even greater than the ono established above. In fact, it is now a
common thing to find large tracts of land sold by the Sheriff for
less than the amount of taxes resting thereupon.
2. Exhibit "B" shows that the Constitutional Convention whs
74 colored pay of taxes.$117 93
1 alone paying.. 85 35
Hence 73 colored pay ?,. $32 58
Or less than 50 cents each.
47 whites pay.$761 62
1 white (conservative) paying. . 508 85
Hence 46 whites pay.$252 76
Or less than $6 each.
Of the 47 white members, 23 pay no tax at all, and of the 74
colored members, 59 pay no tax at all. Of the whites, at least one
fourth wore Government employees and Northern adventurers, and
of the colored men, a goodly number were from abroad.
3. Exhibit "C" shows that the Legislature, elected under the new
Constitution, stand's thus, exclu RIV of thc Districts of Marion and
Lancaster, as the D?mocratie success in these Districts is contested :
PME- .'* ??
Colored.. ...V.......... T... 12
I .: ;
HOUSE OF REPR?SENTATIVES.
a > 123
: t. ,i.\ ..it 3:2 r ?>
Whole number.155 '
Or nearly 2 colored to 1 white.
98 colored pay of taxes. ...$143 74
I colored paying. *... 83 35
Hence 97 colored pay...'.*.'...'.... J.. $fcrj &,
Or less than 70 cents each.
57 whites pay..$491 49S
II conservative whites pay.. ....*...".'.'... ?94 43
Hence 46 whites pay. .. ,$297 OG
Or less than $7 each. ., r
Of these 57 white members, 24 pay no taxes at all. ?)f these 98
colored m?mbers, 67 pay no taxes at all.
With regard to tho St-te Government: The officers consist cif 7
whites and 1 colored-the colored man having the paid office of
As to taxes: The Governor pays. $00 Oft
Secretary of State_.. . . .. ............ . . 00100
Comptroller-General........... 00 00
Attorney-G?n?ral. 1 . 00 00
Superintendent of Education. 00 00
C <:i Iiieutenant-Governor..................... 16 99
Adjutant and Inspector-General...... .... . 1 00 .
Making.*_... $16 99
Thus the 8 members of the State corps of officers pay on
an average each.. $2 ll
Thus have the Committee truthfully represented to the honorable
Senate the character of the men, as well those who Iframed the
Constitution, as those who are to legislate under its provisions. It
will be. seen that they represent not the wealth of the State, neither
its commercial, nor its agricultural, nor it?, mechanical interests.
That they dd not represent its intelligence, its tono and its senti?
ments, may be regarded as a self-evident proposition, to establish
which requires no argument. Iii is shown/ also, how little inter?
ested in the matter of excessive taxation they, will be who shall levy
the taxes, and how very little of taxes they will represent who shall '.
make the laws in South Carolina; and how small ail amount; too,
they will be found to contribute to the, revenues of the State, who
shall mainly-nay, almost entirely-sustain the new law-g?yers, ?
which Congress hos given to the South.^ t'iSi
In behalf, therefore, of justice and fair dealing? representing tho
just claims of the white citizens of South Carolina, wrth?tjfr further
comments, we have the honor respectfully .tp submit1 the statistical
argument contained in these exhibits, and to express the hope that
it may appear to your honorable body, weighty, enough to induce
the rejection, at your hands, of the Constitution proposed for
South Carolina. 03 ? 1 I "
WADE HAMPTON, JOHN P. THOMAS, ?F?W McMASTER,
JOS. DANTi. POPE, SAM'L. McGOWAN, . W. M. SHANNON?
State Central Executive Committee.
An Estimate of the Taxes of the State of South Carolina, ander Ike
providions of the. Constitution lately ad//pted.
1 Sehool-house to each 16 square miles of territory
making 1,800 school-houses in the State, at $200
1,800 Teachers, each at $300 per annum_..'..540,000
1 State Superintendent of Education.v.v........ ' 3,000>
31 School Commissioners, each $1,000.. 31,000
1 State Normal School, Building and Teachers .......... 10,000
Deaf and Dumb and Blind Institutions. 10,000
State Reform School.'.. 10,000
Conversion of Citadel in Charleston into an Institution
of Learning....... v.*.30,000
Educational est?mate. ......... $994,000
Current Expenses of State, according to ?Atiwnl r>nby'?
Tax Bills, is $470,000, less Free Schools inclnded
above $25,000, making. . 445,000
Add 5 per cent expenses of collection.... ^. 71,950
Interest on $6,000,000 State Debt from July, 1866, to
Total amount of Taxes. .$2,230,950
N. B.-The late assessment of real estate throughout the State,
city, town and country, is $70,507,076, on w'aich a tax levied of 3
per cent, will raise $2,115,212. If real estate owners aro to defray
tho expenses of the State, it will require more than 3 per cent to
meet them. Formerly it was about \ r>er cont., and that, too, when
lands and real estate in general had not depreciated in value.