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FOR DISTRICT OFFICKR8 lUCHIiA.NI>J
For Sheriff. 4
A L. SOLOMON. C
For derk of Court.
D. B. DKSAUSS?RE.
P. H. SHULER.
.. . For XJoroner.
C. F. HARRISON.
?For Probate Judge.
F. H. ELMORE.
For County Commissioners.
JOHN SOOTT. N. J. DTJBARD;
R. O'NEALE, Ju.
For School Commissioner.
... V .ggj, ?H.
MUNICH'AJCJ OFFICERS-CITY COLOMBIA.
COL. J. P. THOMAS.
For Aldermen.-WARD NO. 1.
T, W. RADCLIFFE.
VAE? NO. 2.
C. A BEDELL.
R. li. BRYAN.
O. Z. BATES.
WARD NO. 8.
W. P. GEIGER.
W. T. WALTER.
WARD NO. 4.
W. C. SWAFFIELD.
L. P. MILLER.
Friday Morning-, May 29,1868.
TI?? Election In Richland.
The election for District officers
will come off on the 2d of June next.
The Democratic nominees are all
good men and trne, and we hope that
they will be sustained not only by
the Demooratio party, but by conser?
vative voters generally. "Principles,
not men," is the motto of some;
"Men, not principles," is the prac?
tico of others. But when we have
good men and good principles com?
bined, then all may vote together.
Suoh is the oase with the D?mocratie
nominees, and they deserve the sup?
port of the public-colored people
As to the radical candidates, we
acknowledge some are men who stand
well in tho community, and are
blameless in their private charaoter.
With regard to these gentlemen, we
know that their s?cession record is
good, and for that we honor them.
There, for instance, is our friend,
Major Miller, whom we have to
thank for a gallant war record; there
is Captain Wigg, whom, we learn,
rendered faithful Confederate service;
and there is that veteran editor, Mr.
Johnston, one of the most fiery of
secession editors, and one who spoke
bravely for "lettijg slip the dogs of
war," in times gone by. As to such
men, we have only to say, that we
regret the course that they have
taken. We cannot presume that
they have become radical, in the
offensive sense of the term; but they
have lout to the radical party the in?
fluence of their names; and if wo
had a brother in their place, we
would deposit our vote against him
for, as we conceive, grave public con?
siderations would demand this course.
In sorrow, not in anger, must our
Demooratio and conservative voters
decline to vote for the nominees of
the radical party-a party that seeks
the elevation of the colored man
over the white mao. With rogard to
the radical nominee for sheriff, all
will admit that he is a hard case; and
we will be surprised to find any con?
siderable portion, oven of the oolored
people, voting for that candidate for
public honors. Let tho D?mocratie
party seek to put in thoir men; you
vail find tho radicals trying to do the
same for their's.
A Backing Down at Chicago.
It will be remembered that Wen?
dell Phillips and Mr. Sumner ndvo
catod the duty of Congress to legis?
late unlimited negro suffrage into all
the States, both North and South,
and the proposal was generally en?
tertained by the Radical press. At
Chicago, this was repudiated, and tho
second resolution of the platform ex?
plicitly affirms, that "the question of
suffrage, in all tho loyal States, pro?
perly belongs to tho people of those
Stales." This is a significant admis?
sion. At tho s<vmo time, it shows that
tho radicals are wisely preparing to
uso every effort to insnro their suc?
cess. Wo trust the Democratic party
will profit by the example. Ab hosie
doccri-Bo taught by your enemy.
??ie Radical Party.
When Feaaenden ?nd hi? party
voted against tho President's convic?
tion, upon irtiole ll, they broke loose
from the Radical party, and in doing
so, carried with thom muon, if not
all, the intellect and integrity of that
party. We doubt not but that they
were glad to rid themselves of con?
nection with a faction driving on to
it's own destruction. That party
has given way already on what pro?
mised at ono time to be the aggres?
sive feature of their platform. It
will be soon that they concede, at
least to the loyal States, the right to
settle, each State for itself, the ques?
tion of suffrage. This is a clear
backing down, and looks like a re?
turn to Demooratio principles. Their
policy is beautifully consistent It
is to force unlimited suffrage on the
so-called rebel States, but to let the
so-called loyal States regulate the
matter for themselves. Aocording to
Mr. Carl Schurz and Mr. Logan:
"What's sauce for the goose, is not
sauce for the gander."
Tte? Proposed Convention.
The Charleston Courier remarks,
on the subject of the proposed Con?
vention, ss appended below. As for
ourselves, we are willing to let the
matter rest just where the State Cen?
tral Executive Committee suggest it
ought to rest, viz : with tho people
themselves. But let us remind the
Courier of two points-1st. That the
Edge?eld resolutions called for no
Convention, but simply invited an
expression of opinion from the State
Central Executive Committee, and
Democratic Clubs in the State, as to
the propriety of a Convention; and,
secondly, that the suggestion of the
State Central Committee did not
proceed from the action of the
Charleston meeting, but was penned
in advance of said action :
"We publish, with pleasure, the
annexed circular of the State Central
Executive Committee of the Demo?
cratic party, coupling with its appear?
ance the expression of our earnest
desire that the other Districts of the
State may deem it advisable to adopt
the suggestions of Edge?eld, as rati?
fied here Saturday last, and send
delegates to the Convention, pro?
posed to be holden iu Columbia, on
the second Monday in June. In the
Convention, held in April, Charles?
ton and eight other Districts of
influence and wealth, were, by reason
of the shortness of tho notice given,
wholly unrepresented, and we think,
that in the canvass upon which wo
are shortly to enter-one of vital
importance, not only to South Caro?
lina, but to every State in the Uniou
the voices of our best men should be
hoard from every quarter, aud such
organization aud unity should be
effected as will guarantee our success.
We therefore urgo upon our friends
in other parts of the State, to send
their delegates at the timo specified,
and let us have a full and free expres?
sion of opinion upon the great ques?
tions of the day, and also place the
organization of the Democratic party
of this State on a perfect and work?
Vet A no I lier Point.
MR. EDITOR: There are gentlemen
in Charleston who insist upon it,
that the Columbia Convention de?
signedly ignored Charleston. What
are the facts? Although Charleston
had failed to respond and to unite in
oouncil with the other parts of tho
State, yet two citizens of Charleston
were specially honored-Mr. Porter
was put on the ticket for Governor;
Mr. Hayno was nominated for Attor?
ney-General. And yet these wera
the only two, of all the gentlemen
nominated, who felt it their duty to
withdraw their names from the ticket
-which added to the natural embar?
rassments that the party labored
It is said by gentlemen in Charles?
ton that we were ambitious. Why,
tho reverse is tho case. Twice we
offered Charleston tho kingly crown,
which twice she did refuse. Did this
in us seem ambition? Yet Mr. J. B.
C. says wo were ambition?, and be is
an honorable man. ANTHONY.
The British captives in Abyssinia,
it is stated, as soou as they had be?
come assured of their deliverance
from tho hands of Theodore, com?
menced abusing each other without
stint. The prospect of speedy death
does uot prevent captives from quar?
reling in their prison house. It is
related, that after|tho ro-capturo of
Seringapatam by the British forces
in India, tho officers who had boen
confined in tho sweltering dungeons,
immediately proceeded to settle their
disputes by an appeal to the duel.
The Children's Aid Socioty, in New
York, furnishes to poor boys, good,
clean, comfortable beds, with the uso
of bath-room, sitting-room aud
clothes-closets, for five cents a night.
Thc Lute Democratic Convention
Ita True Position BtateU.
Hon. A. P. Aldrich-T>?l& ?IB: I
have noticed your communication to
the Charleston Mercury, ot th? 27th
instant As yon appear to misunder?
stand the principles advanced by the
D?mocratie Convention that assem?
bled in Columbia in April last, I ask
leave, with all proper respect, to
explain the position taken by that
Convention, and to vindicate the
principles upon which that body
deemed it wise and just to rest the
fnture polioy of the State. And
through you I hope to reaoh the
minds of the people of South Caro?
I have no right to object to any
mau or any journal's taking position
against the concession to the colored
man of a qualified suffrage. Gen tie
men and journals, worthy of all re?
spect and consideration, have as?
sumed that ground. But I do
object to and protest against tho mis?
representation of "the principles and
polioy of the gentlemen who com?
posed tho Democratio Convention of
April last. This misrepresentation
we will not say it is intentional-has
come again and again from that able,
out-spoken and once influential pa?
per-tho Charleston Mercury-to
whioh you have addressed your note.
I submit, now, this statement, and
trust that candid men everywhere in
the State will understand the point?
Whun the April Convention recog?
nized the colored population of the
State ns an element of the bodj
politic, it meant to say, that whee
the slaves in this State were enianci
pated by the Aot of the State Con
veution-or rather, when the Conven
tion for the State acknowledged theil
emancipation-the colored people be
came, ipso fado, invested with civi
rights, as a part of the body politic
What, now, is the body politic? I
is defined, "A nation or community
as constituted under a government o:
polity." Now, ceasing tobe slaves
these persons became free; being de
tech eel from a condition of slavery
they fell logically into a condition o
free citizenship, and, as such, euti
tied to all civil rights. As the Hon
B. H. Hill says:
"In all society or government nn
rights to be enjoyed, burdens to \y
borne, and trusts to be discharged.
"Among the rights aro tho right o
property; tho right of locomotion
tho right to appropriate and dispos
of tho proceeds of our own labor
tho right to worship according ti
conscience; and the right to protec
tion from socioty in tho eujoymont c
all these rights, und tho right to hnv
all tho legal processes nud remedie
provided to make this protectio
effectual. These are called civi
rights; and when we speak of civ
equality, wo mean that these right
belong alike and equally to all cit
zens, to all classes, to all colors, t
all sexes, to all ages, and to ail grade
of intellect, society and worth. Thea
rights necessarily attach to and b(
come conditions of free citizeushij
The negro is entitled to all thes
rights. And being now deprived (
the protection which, as a slave, li
received from his owner, all goo
mon ought to rejoice that he can sti
be safe under the protection of tl:
law; and being unaccustomed t
assert his rights-a work which wi
formerly performed by his master
all truo men ought to bo ready to ai
him in that assertion."
I now ask you to observe that th
resolution of tho Convention goes c
to say, for itself, what it means I
stating that the colored people a
members of tho "body politic," fo
after admitting the connection of tl
colored people witii the body politi
it adds-"Arid as such, in person ai
properly, entitled to a full and equ
protection under the State Constitute
and laws." Can anythingbe plaine
But this is not all: the very deel
ration, of which complaint has bei
made, is still moro guarded. A
kuowlcdging the distinction that e
ists between riglUs aud trusts-b
tween civil rights proper, andsuflra,
and office-holding, which latter n
not included in the summary of ci'
rights, tho resolution intimates t
qualified nature of this body-polit
ship, by declaring "that as citize
of South Carolina, we declare o
willingness, when wo havo the pow
to grant them, under proper qnali
cations a? to property and intel
gonce, tho right of suffrage."
As Hon. B. H. Hill in another pin
remarks-and it will apply to Sou
Carolina also-"Tho negroes of Get
gin are citizens of Georgia. Th
aro free and have equal rights, a
shall enjoy them. They will bo i
quired to bear tho burdens only
proportion to their capacity. Th
will bo empowered to discharge t
trusts, when timo and exponen
shall show they 'uro capable and w<
thy,' and the good of society will
promoted thereby; and this Georf
will determine for herself, and not
please enemies or to keep traitors
When, now, tho Mercury malt
Gov. Orr's fataf admissions identii
with the admissions of the late Cc
vention, we ask if it does not m
represent tho Convention? This
certainly does. We make no adm
sion that negroes are the sovereign
of the State; aud such admission dc
not follow from any proposition of
the late Convention.
Tho Mercury says: "We are not
aware of any law or any legitimate
Constitution, which has made negroes
a portion of the body politic in South
Carolina,*' We answer that, as we have
construed the term "body politic," it
was not any law that made the negroes
an element thereof, but it was the ab?
sence of law-the absence of a special
enactment bearing on the point. But,
further, is it fair for any one to de?
tach the language quoted from the
context abd draw his inferences ac?
cordingly? All expressions, I sub?
mit, are properly to bo construe d in
connection with the context-with
what goes before and with what fol?
lows. You wiii observe that the Mer?
cury, in its strictures upon the action
of the Democratio Convention, does
not follow this established rule of
construction, aud, therefore, subjects
itself to the charge of special plead?
ing and verbal quibbliug in a grr s
issue of State policy. Onco for ail,
we ask leavo now distinctly to de?
1. That we maintain, "with Presi?
dent Johnson end the whole Demo?
cratic party North," that tho whole
reconstruction programme euacted
and to be enacted under the Military
Bill of Congress, is unconstitutional,
illegal and properly null and void.
2. That we, therefore, repudiate
the admissions mado by Gov. Orr, in
bis address to the so-called Constitu?
tional Convention, wherein he ac?
knowledged the legality of that body.
3. That we maintain, that to the
States belongs the question of negro
suffrage. And further, that, believing
an affirmative declaration on this
subject expedient and essential to
party vitality, and a move in tho di?
rection of justice and fair dealing,
we deem it becoming and right now
to eay what, in our sovereignty, wo
would be willing to concede to the
colored element. And further, the
negro clement in our midst being a
large one, we deem it statesmanship
720/ to ignore it.
4. We appreciate, as fully as any,
tho dignity aud claims of the white
race, and contend that their political
control of this State, and tho coun?
try at large, is a right, which must
never be given up. This must be,
aud shall be, par excellence, a white
5. But, at the same time, confident
and strong in the knowledge of the
white mun's power, influence, and
resolve, we hold it magnanimous,
just and right, to give tho colored
mau a fair showing, and to set a pro
mium upon industry, intelligence
and worth, whenever these elements
are found in him. We would extend
no consideration to tho black man's
radical advisers from tho North, nor
to his renegado adherents, South ;
but, as respects the great mass of the
colored people themselves, iu con?
sideration of the!'- own inexperience,
and tho influences to which they
have been subjected, we uro disposed
to indulge them yot longer.
'. Tie to their faultH a little blind ;
lie to their virtues a little kind ;
And put a padlock on our minds
Au to the pant."
I have thus declared what I con?
ceive to be the viows and priuciples
of the Democratic party of this State,
as now organized under thc auspices
of tho April Convention. And, in
conclusion, I have only to express
tho hope that, when these views and
principles are called in question, that
they may be met in a spirit of fair
discussion, aud iu a spirit, too, which
deplores any divisiou among the
I conservative people of the State, and
which realizes, that for us, at this
time, moderatiou, union and harmo?
ny are all-essential.
As for myself, I believe that the
principles sot forth at the April Con?
vention aro both right and expedient,
and I contend further, that, us such,
they have been received and adopted
by the great body of the white people
of tho State. Yours, very respect?
fully, JOHN P. THOMAS.
Wo noticed, some time ogo, as one
of tho encouraging political signs of
tho times, tho passage of a resolution
in the Democratio State Convention of
South Carolina, declaring that they
favored tho admission of negroes to
the right of suffrage, whenever they
should be found qualified to exercise
it with intelligence. This was an
abandonment of the doctrine that
nono but white men havo any right
to self-government, or to any sharo
of political power, in this country.
Wo see now that this action of tho
Convention was not satisfactory to
the whole rmrt.? in ti>a St"to and an?
other Convention is to bo held for
the purpose of reconsidering it.
\New York Times.
NEW FBACTIONAL NOTES.-Speci?
mens of the new fifteen cent currency
notes have been turned out at thc
Treasury at Washington, and will by
put in circulation in a short time.
They are nearly of tho same sizo as
tho twenly-fiv? cent notes now in
uso. Vignettes of Generals Grant
and Sherman arc prominent on the
ends, and botween them aro the
words "fifteen conta," iu largo print,
and beneath are tho figures "15."
Tho back of tho note is tho same as
tho twenty-five cont notes, with the
denomination on each end.
Brownlow, liko the national debt,
original sin and Thad. Stevens, still
Den? ratio Meetings.
The folio. ina: resolutions were
adopted by the Democratic Club at
Enon Church :
Resolved, That the thanks of this
meeting be tendered to Messrs. D. B.
DeSaussure and A. L. Solomon, for
their eloquent and instructiva ad?
dresses; and that the thanks of this
meeting are also due to Pleasant
Coode and James Minor.
Resolved, That, as a means of dis?
tributing useful information, the
Club raise a sufficient amount for the
purpose, of subscribing for copies of
the Weekly Gleaner, to be placed at
localities designated, viz: Mr. Wise's
Mill. Uriah G. Loe's Mill, and Mr.
VT m. Keele's.
Resolved, That a committee of three
members of the Club be appointed,
two white and one colored, for each
election day, to attend at the polls,
for the purpose of aiding our cause.
Resolved, That the thanks of this
Club be tendoretf'to Mr. Joel Martin,
for the ?use of Enon Churcv as a
place of meeting, and that the Secre?
tary be directed to enclose to Mr.
Martin a copy of this resolution.
Resolved, That a copy of these pro?
ceedings be handed to the editor of
the Phonix, for publication.
An interesting meeting was held at
Geiger's Mill, Lexington District, on
Saturday, the 23d instant, for the
purpose of forming a Democratic
Club. A considerable crowd was in
attendance, both white and colored,
from which ono might easily have
inferred that something was " agoin'
to happen." H. H. Geiger was
asked to take the Chair, and Dr. W.
J. Geiger to act as Secretary. The
object of the meeting was briefly
explained,, after which James Minor,
a colored citizen of Columbia, was
introduced, and spoke at length to
the audience, concerning our com?
mon interests, and the friendly rela?
tion which should exist between the
colored and white man of the South,
in order that peace, prosperity and
happiness might be preserved. He
referred to several good colored citi?
zens of Columbia, who had separated
themselves from that radical persua?
sion which only kindles animosity in
the two races, and would be glad
soon to hear that all his country
friends, both wnite aud colored, who
had been misled, would follow their
example, to insure ponce and quiet.
A club was then organized, under tho
following officers, viz. : Major J. H.
Thraewits, Presideut ; Honry Sight
Ier, Vice-President ; Dr. W. J. Gei?
ger, Secretary ; J. S. Lowman, Trea
surorer ; and Abram Geiger, E. W.
Geiger. George Singleton, and Jo?
seph Washington, Executive Com?
Ou motion, thanks were tendered
James Minor for his sensible address.
The meeting then adjourned, to meet
again on Saturdav next, at 3 o'clock
P. M. H.*H. GEIGER,
W. J. GEIOF.K, Secretary.
RHYMES ron NAUOHTY LITTLE IM?
PEACHMENT BOYS.-The following
paraphrase on a popular nursery
rhyme is now beiug sung in Wash?
Little Bon. Butler,
The eminent sutler,
Tried to mix an impeachment pie;
When ho thought it all made,
And the country betrayed,
Lo! it splushed up "all in his eye."
Ben. Wade had a little hope
Now don't know where to find it;
So he'll let it alone,
And stay at home,
,And tho people, we think, won't
Thad, and Bon.,
Two foolish men,
Both weut impeachment after;
But both fell down,
And broke their crown,
And now comes in the laughter.
Sing the song impeachment,
Congress wants to rule!
Andy, iu the White House,
Scorns to be their tool;
Stevens on tho war-path,
Shouting blood and thunder;
Boutwell playing heavy-man.
Crying "Stand from under!"
Butler, sick and billions,
Spitting out his slime -
Up comes Andy Johnson,
And knocks them out of time.
CHKTH.'.L PA:;;; NSW Ycr.xi. From
an article before us, we learn that
this park-destined in timo to bo the
grandest park iu tho world for extent
and beauty-has, during tho past
year, made vast improvements
amounting in thc aggregate to 8190,
2G4.0G. Among other items, we find
4,798 feet of walks, rustic arbors,
rustic seats, 235 bird cages, (j drink?
ing fountains, etc., etc. A gallery of
paintings and sculptnro is being es?
tablished at Mount St. Vincent build?
ings, formerly a convent. The num?
ber of visitors during 18G7, were
7,228,865. Tho Central Park contains
802.70-100 acres of hind.
A quarrel* between two negroes on
thc precipitous bin fi nt Natchez, Mis?
sissippi, resulted in ouebf the com?
batants being thrown Over the cliff.
Ho had n terrible fall, but struck
upon his head and escaped injury.
Okra soap to-day and turtle soup
to-morrow, (Saturday,) at the Pollock
"We notice tho formation of a num?
ber of new Democratic Clubs in Spar
tanburg and Edgefield Districts. No?
thing is said of the Charleston movement
in any one of the Edgefield meetings.
FAIR NOTICE.-As oash is indispen?
sable to the successful publication of
a newspaper, wo most respectfully
inform delinquent subscribers, that
their i'A i'EI ts WILL BE STOPPED, unless
payment is immediately made.
The "Black Crook" looms up to?
night, in Gregg's Hall. Seats can be
obtained at Mossrs. Weam & Hix's
gallery. The Augusta papers state
that numbers of ladies attended the
performance in that city, and ex?
pressed themselves heartily gratified.
EXCURSION ON THE COLUMBIA AND
AUGUSTA RAILROAD.-We are re?
quested to stato that an excursion
train will be run over the Columbia
aud Augusta Road, to Sheely's, on
Saturday next-leaving Columbia at
8 o'clock A. M., and returning, leave
Sheely's at 5 P. M. Faro for round
trip from Columbia $1, and from
Lexington Court House 50 cents.
VALUABLE BOOKS AT AUCTION.
Mr. Bythewood requests us to state
that, on Saturday next, at 10 o'clook,
he will sell a splendid lot of medical
works, by best authors, on surgery,
obstetrics, diseases of women and
children, the eye, Uniied States dis?
pensatory, &c. ; also, literary works,
such os Byron, Life and Writings of
Washington, Shakspeare, Greek and
French dictionary, commentaries,
A-e., fi c. Special attention of those
interested most cordially invited to
MAIL ARUANOEMENTS.-The post
office open during the week from 8)2
a. m. to 7 p. m. On Sundays, from
4 to 5 p. m.
The Charleston aud Western mails
are open for delivery at 4'.< p. m., and
close at 8J.< p. m. Charleston night
mail open 8}.$ a. m., close 4>? p. m.
Northern-Open for delivery at
8J? a. m., closes at 2.45 p. m.
Greenville-Open for delivery 5>?
p. m., closes at 8J.< p. m.
The Phoenix Weekly Letter Sheet
Prices CurreiU and Market Report
will be issued this (Friday) afternoon.
Those desiring copies, will hand in
their orders as early as practicable.
A CAMPAIGN PAPER.-Tho proprie?
tor of tho Phonix has received seve?
ral communications from prominent
and influential gentlemen of the up?
country, asking that he publish, for
the benefit of the conservative peo?
ple of tho Stato-black and white
alike-a cheap campaign paper, de?
voted especially to political informa?
tion and suggestions and truths, to
the end that the cause of tho Demo?
cratic party bo strengthened, and
that whites and blacks alike may
realizo that the peace and prosperity
of the State depend upon the adop?
tion of the conservative principles
sot forth in the platform of thc De?
mocratic party of this State. He has
conferred with the State Central
Executive Committee of the party
here, and they advise that, inasmuch
as thc Phonix is already carrying out
the views which our friends of the
upper country desire enforced, the
Weekly Gleaner, issued from this
office, and containing tho matter of
our daily issues, bo directed to the
campaign purposes alluded to. Ho
proposes, therefore, to devote ono
half of tho Gleaner to political mat?
ters, and to make it, par cecellence, a
paper for the political use sud pur?
poses of tho conservative movement
in this State. Tho Weekly Gleaner,
for the next six months, will, there?
fore, be furnished at the following
To single subscribers.Si 50
" clubs of 25 " .1 25
" " " 50 " . 1 00
Tho proprietor moy add, that the
Phonix cvill continue to do+tho best
it can for its patrons, and as its pros?
pects improve, will elements of new
interest be added to the paper. *
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Special at
tention is called to the following ad?
vertisements, published for the first
timo this morning:
Pollock Housg-Spup. .
John Templeton-Black Crook.
C. F. Jackson--Read This.