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51 UN I GIP Ali OFFICERS-CITY COIitjMI?IA.
Con. J. P. THOMAS.'
For Aldermen.-WARD MO. X,
T. W. RADCLIFFE.
WARD NO. 2.
C. A. BEDELL. ,
R. L. BRYAN.
O. Z. BATES.
WARD NO. 3.
W. P. GEIGER.
W. T. WALTER.
WARD NO. ?.
W. O. SWAFFLELD.
L. P. MILLER.
Tuesday Morning, June 23,1868.
Tlic World and Unlimited Negro
The position of the TForW on the
above subject is this: That it is the
policy of the forth-coming Democrat?
ic Convention to troat negro suffrage
as a dead issue in Federal politics,
for the reason that it ia un fait accom?
pli and beyond the reach of .peaceful
abolition. And it thus explains how
and why it regards it as beyond the
reach of said abolition. It affirms
the following propositions as facts:
1st. That the Senate, being now four
fifths Republican, and to be increased
by twenty more Republican Senators,
would be a bar to any attempt on the
part of a Democratic House of Rep-'
resentatives to uproot the recon?
struction s?beme. "It is, therefore,
absolutely certain," adds the World,
"that no relief can come frcm Con?
gress within the ensuing four years."
2. Nor, argues the World, can the re?
lief come from the Supreme Court;
for though there is good reason for
supposing that that tribunal rogards
the reconstruction Acts as unconsti?
tutional, yot "those Acts will expire
by their own limitation before the
Supremo Court sits again, and the
competency of the resulting State
governments is a question of which
it has no jurisdiction. Since, in the
Dorr case, it was decided that it be?
longs to Congress to decido upon tho
validity of a Stato government; that
the decision is mado by tho admis?
sion of Senators and Representa?
tives, and that tho courts aro bound
to f-Uow it." .3. The World next
remai :s, that since negro suffrage can
bo upset during tho next Presiden?
tial term, neither by Congress nor
the Supremo Court, and since it cer?
tainly will not be upset by tho negro
voters themselves, it eau only bo done
by tho whites acting outside the uew
State governments. But iu doing
this, the World holds that the whites
so acting would bo liable to be tried
by the new Government for treason
against thc State, as Rhode Island
tried and sentenced Dorr.
Inasmuch, therefore, as "the no
groes can bo ousted from suffrage
only by uv successful insurrection of
the white citizens agaiust the new
Stato Governments," aud inasmuch,
further, as the World thinks, that tho
recommendation of this act on tho
part of the whites by tho Democratic
Convention would bo to repel from
the Democratic ranks conservative
Republicans now ready to join them,
the World has too deep a sense of
responsibility and too clear a fore?
sight of consequences, to advise the
Convention to recommend tho above
method of redress by tho whites.
Hence tho proposition of tho World,
to "treat negro suffrage as a dead
issuo in Federal politics."
Wo havo thus fairly and fully
stated tho grounds upou which the
New York World seeks to viudicato
its recent views. Wo say recent, for
we certainly regarded tho World, like
other Domooratio organs, committed
to uncompromising opposition to the
reconstruction Acts of Congress-as
being unconstitutional, and tyranni?
cal, and monstrous.
Nor d? the arguments presented
by tho World sustain its new posi?
tion. It proposes to regard negro
suffrage- in tho Southern States OK a
"dead issue." But who has killed it
as a practical issuo ? Not the Demo?
cratic party, for, whonover that party
speaks, its voice is raised against that
very proposition which the World
would lay aside as a "dead issue."
It is not dead. It is a living issue.
Tho World seeks to kill it. But, if
the Democratic party of the country
would havo a vital element in its
policy, a living spirit in its doctrines,
-tah?-a*-.?)?? *n ?.
it will write upon its bauner, North,
South, East, and West, the proposi?
tion that negro domination will not
be tolerated-that tho radical recon?
struction scheme which seeks to put
tho Caucasian element of the South
under the domination of the negro
element is a monstrous wrong, which
neither reason nor decency will tole?
rate-that tho national tone, tho
national sentiment, the national lifo
must and shall be, in its controlling
features, Caucasian. As the Intelli?
gencer hos suggested, in this sign
only will tho Demooracy conquer.
But tho World is in doubt how tho
Democratic party shall practically do
away with negro suffrage, after its
consummation under State Govern?
ments defacto. We reply, that where
there is a will there will be found a
way. We suggest, also, in answer to
all the difficulties suggested by the
World, that, if the reconstruction
Acts are unconstitutional, all euueied
under their auspices falls null and
void to tho ground. And, with other
things enacted, unqualified negro
suffrage is uprooted, to givo way to
au arrangement moro conducive to
the interests of the South.
Further, if negro suffrage has boen
forced upon the South by the radical
party, tho same power that made it
can unmake it. If radicalism gave,
Democracy certainly can find the
means to take away.
Nor need there be any violence
used. If tho radicals, without vio?
lence, have forced upon the Southern
States negro soffrage, thon Demo?
cracy can, without violence, relievo
us of this burden.
We have thus answered tho argu?
ments of the World. Nor are we
without-hope for this journal. As it
dropped Chose, when it found that the
Democratic sentiment repudiated the
Chief Justice for its standard-bearer,
so wo may hope that tho World will also
forego its views upon the question of
negro suffrage, when it becomes con?
vinced that tho great Democratic
party will not only demand a Demo?
crat for its standard-bearer, but will
also insist upon having a standard
upon which Caucasian emblems shall
bo distinctly emblazoned.
Political Organization In Son t H Ca.
roi I na-Save the State-Let n<
Soon will tho National Democratic
Convention give us a standard-bearer,
and writo our principles upou his
flag. Let all good, and true, and
conservativo men in tho Stato pre?
pare to rally around that man, and to
accept those principios. Thc ono wo
expect to bo truo, tried and trusty,
and the other to bo wise, moderato
and judicious. Friends of (he Slate,
South Carolina is not yet lost. It is
true that soo passes for awhile-her
boily passes-into alien hands; but
tho immortal soul of thc ancient
commonwealth con not bo fettered
or corrupted. Tho negro and his
whito brother may lay their impious
hantls upon tho body of tho State,
but her proud spirit escapes and finds
refuge in tho bosom of her faithful
children, who preservo tho memories
of tho past, and intend to give her
yet a bright future. Carolinians, a
brother appeals to you. For Heoveu's
sake, for tho sake of homes and fire?
sides, for tho sake of all wo hold dear
of persons and property, let us ra\\y
iu our strength and save tho com?
monwealth. We have much to con?
tend for. Wo have a noble Stato to
redeem. Its soil is fertile; its cli?
mate is genial; its women aro true,
and gent?o, and noble; its men aro
loyal, and truo, and bravo; its senti?
ments and traditions aro full of pa?
triotic inspiration; its past is heroic;
its future-let us make il prosperous
and bright. And this is tho duty of
tho hour-to make the future of the
Stale prosperous and brigid. But to
do that, wa mast overthrow radical?
ism and all its bitter fruit. We must
tako away from negroes and South?
ern renegades and Northern "carpet?
baggers," the reins of power, and
ourselves again drive the car of State.
But to do this, we must tako up tho
banner of the National Democracy;
wo must rally as ono mau under that
banner, and, with our strong arms
and stout hearts, help our brothers
of tho North to plant it upon tho
heights of success. Lot us say to the
North, that we accept the legitimate
results of our defeat in the lote war.
We abandon forever tho institution of
African slavery; wo throw around
tho negro all tho protection that civil
rights involved; wo yield him a
qualified participation iu ibo political
rofe; we abandon the claim of tho
right of the State peaceably to se
' cede from the Union. Lot ns, in
fine, say to the North, that wo hon?
estly return to tho Constitution und
the laws-fairly interpreted. But
lot us, also, say to the North, that
negro supremacy and Slate obliteration
wore not involved in the late strug?
gle; that these we do not yield, and,
willingly, never will. With tho great
Democratic partyot tho country, we
oppose negro rule, and we contend
that the Carolina of 76, aud 1812,
and 1845, and 1860, still lives; and
that the Carolina of tho military
reconstruction bill is a pretender,
and cnn never command tho loyal
support of tho genuino citizens
thereof. This, now, is the issue.
This is the issue which tho Demo?
cracy of tho oountry will mako for
us. But to make our co-operation
with tho Democratic party of tho
country effective, we must organize
aud work. Not this man aud that
mau must work, but wo must all
work. From July to November,
though the sun be hot, aud though
tho crops be growing, we must work.
We must look to country.
Fellow-citizens of Oconee, Picketts,
York, Spartanburg. Anderson, Chester,
Union, Laurens, Abbeville, /^ancaster,
Lexington, Greenville, Hurry, Newber?
ry, Marion and Chesterfield, you went to
work according to tho recommenda?
tion of the April Convention. You
organized your Democratic Clubs,
you entered with a will into tho work,
and you won tho day. Seo to it,
friends, that you do still better the
noxt time. Yon have dono well, but
yon may do better.
Fellow-citizens of Fairfield, Rich?
land, Kershaw, Orangehurg, Marl?
boro, Edgefleld, Sumter, Clarendon,
Barnwell, Williamsburg, Georgetown,
Colleton, Beaufort, Charleston and
Berkeley, in many of these Districts
wc know that you made a gallaut
fight. Mako another effort, repent
your zeal and activity aud vigor, aud
you can add more Districts to the
sixteen now resting upon their laurels
of victory. Permit us to ?u go you,
however great tho odds, to organize,
and in every District of the Stato to
have at least a Saxon force-a Spar?
tan political band-keeping the faith
and preserving tho ark of our liber?
ties. Let not the fires of Democracy
go out in a single District. Even iu
Beaufort and Georgetown, aud the
Districts whore the radical eleineut is
largely iu tho ascendancy, let thc
Democratic banner be uplifted, and
every good and true mau stand under
its fold. The upper country and
middle country will yet save 3"ou, if
you are powerless to save yourselves.
But help us, and yourselves despair
Fellow-citizens cf the whole State, let
us organize, let ns rally, and tho
Stato will be saved. These dark
clouds will pass away, and if wo but
so will it-so resolve-ero many moons
bo wasted, South Carolina will bo
"REDEEMED, REGENERATED AND DISEN?
'i'll.- Restoration of Southern Stute?
Tliclr Weight in the Presidential
Tho omnibus bill which is now
before the President is to admit to
representation iu Congress Alabama,
Florida, Georgia, North Carolina,
South Carolina and Louisiana, when
their Legislatures shall have ratified
tho fourteenth amendment to the
Constitution of tho United States,
upon condition that there shall bo no
denial or abridgement hereafter oi
tho olectivo franchise on account of
color, and that Georgia shall make
certain changes iu tho fifth a:ticlo ol
her Constitution. Tho fourteenth
amendment, which tho Legislatures
aro required to ratify, is tho amend?
ment to the Constitution proposed
in the joint resolution which passed
Congress Juno 13th, 1866, declaring
all persons born or naturalized in
tho United States citizens of the
United States and of tho States where
they reside, apportioning representa?
tives among tho several States accord
ino to their respectivo numbers, (bul
reducing tho representation in pro?
portion to the number of male citi?
zens twenty-ono years of age whe
shall bo excluded from tho franchise,
except for crime,) and declaring thal
no person shall hold any office undei
tho United States, or under any
State, who, having previously taken
tho oath as a member of Congress, ol
the Stato Legislature, or as an exe?
cutive or judicial officer of any State
or cf the United Stales, shaii have
engaged in rebellion or given aid oi
comfort to tho enemies of tho United
States. This amendment, which
was proposed by Congress to thc
Legislatures of the varions States,
was rejected by tho Legislatures ol
tho ten Southern States, in some
.Wv--'-.. . .
oases unanimously, and in all by a
vote approaching unanimity. ^
There was considerable objection
in tho House to tho admission of
Florida, urged by some :.pn the
! ground that the Governor had the
appointing of nearly all the State
officers, and hence that the Constitu?
tion was not Republican; that it
created 800 officers, with aggregate
salaries of nearly $800,000 per
annum, Sec.; but Mr. Bingham's
appeal to admit Florida as necessary
to secure tho adoption of tho four?
teenth amendment, presented a view
of the caeo which partisans could
appreciate. Tho motion to strike
out Florida was lost by a vote of 90
to 45, and the bill including Florida
was passed by tho solid Republican
vote. In regard to Georgia, Con?
gress went behind tho Constitution
adopted by that State, and required
her to striko out tho provisions iu
her Constitution preventing the en?
forcement of contracts made prior to
June, 18G5. In cases where tho timo
fixed by tho Coustitution of uuy
Stato for the assembling of its Le- I
g isla tu re snail have passed, tho
Legislature is required by tho bill to
convene within twenty days after tho
time this Act takes effect, unless tho
Governor shall sooner convene tho
same. Within ten days after tho
Pr?sident receives official information
of the ratification of the fourteenth
amendment by the Legislatures of
either of tho States, he is to issue a
proclamation announcing that fact.
The bill for tho admission of Ar?
kansas having been already passed,
there are now- seven Southern States
."reconstructed." Of the remaiuder,
Virginia comploted ber Constitutiou
on the 17th of April, but tho election
for its ratification has not yet been
ordered. lu Mississippi, the Consti?
tution was adopted on the 12th of
May, and the election on it takes
place June 22. In Texas, the "Con?
stitutional Convention" met on the
1st of June, and as its labors aro
just fairly begun, tho formality of a
vote on its ratification is not expect?
ed until some time in the fall. It
may be added hore, that there is a
bill before the House for tho division
of Texas into three States-to bo
named Texas, East Texas and South
Texas. Tho State has au area of
more than tinco times tho extent of
the six New Englud States, but its
population, slavo and free, in 18G0,
littlo exceeded 600,000. It is doubt?
ful whether tho division will take
pluce at present, or until party pur?
poses shall render it necessary.
Looking only to tho seven South?
ern States now provided for by the
admission of Arkansas and tho pass?
age of tho reconstruction bill, wo
may oxpect, probably before the ad?
journment of Congress, fourteen
Senators, making a Senate of sixty
six, and thirty-eight Representatives,
who, by tho short cut of reconstruc?
tion, havo arrived nt official honors
and diguities which others have
devoted tho best years and labors of
their lives to attain. Tho new South?
ern officials, both Federal and State,
will be mostly made up of persons
from other States, or of ex-Confe?
derates whoso disabilities have to bo
removed by Congress, some of whom
were among the most idtra of tho
original advocates of secession. But
it has been already indicated in that
body, that conversion to radicalism
atones for all past offences. Tho
real object of thc measures hastening
tho admission of the Southern States
is to obtain their electoral votes in
tho coming Presidential election,
which oro counted upon as certain
through the samo agencies which
have already been employed in carry?
ing their Constitutions.
Tho total number of votos in the
electoral college, whoo all these
States are admitted, is 317, of which
159 are necessary to a choice. Of
these Alabama has 8 electorul votes,
Arkansas 5, Florida 3, Georgia 9,
Louisiana 7, Mississippi 7, North
Carolina 9, South Carolina G, Texas
G, Virginia 10. Hero are 70 votes,
leaving only 89 votes to be obtained
from thc Northern and Western
States, to elect tho radical candidates.
It may thus happen that a minority
of littlo more than one-third of tho
Northern electoral vote, aided by tho
colored vote of tho South, will elect
a President, and the samo minority
alliance of whites and blacks may
hereafter control thc General Govern?
ment, as it does now tho Southern
States. Tho constitutions of each
and every one of tho States just ad?
mitted have been made to order, and
as for any intelligent or even free
choice exercised in their adoption,
they havo no moral weight or signifi?
cance whatever. Tho mass of tho
suffragans by whoso vote these con?
stitutions were adopted cannot now
explain what they have done, and do
not even profess to comprehend it.
It is evident, that constitutions
forced by such an enginery npon the
people, violate, as completely, the
theory upon which our whole
political system is based, that thc
people have a right to choose their
own form of government, as if they
were thrust down their throats by
bayonets openly. Constitutions,
I which aro not tho natural and spon?
taneous growth of the genius .and
will of a people, and outward forms,
which are not vivified by tho inward
spirit, can only stand upright as long
as thoy aro propped from outside.
Such a condition of things US' tho
present, therefore, cannot bc perma?
i Ths attention of merchants is
asked to the extensive auction sale of
meats, this morning, at 10 o'clock,
by Messrs. D. C. Peixotto & Son.
THE SOUTH CABOLINA UNIVERSITY.
The closing exercises of this Univer?
sity will be holli on Monday next, the
20th instant. Degrees will be awarded.
The public are invited to attend.
FORWARD THE NAMES.-During tho
past few days, we have received large
accessions to our list of subscribers,
from Due West and* Level Land,
Abbevillo District. Make up your
clubs at once, gentlemon..
Barry, of the " Caroliua House," in
Washington street, ever mindful of
tho requirements of the season,
favored us with several glasses of
claret sangaree, and other things,
yesterday morning. His compounds
and preparations are unusually ad?
mired, and justly so.
THE COLUMBIA BAR AND CHANCEL?
LOR LESESNE.-We learn that a touch?
ing scene was presented in tho room
of tho Court of Equity, on Saturday
last. That esteemed and respected
I gentleman and distinguished jurist
had presided in Columbia for the
first and, perhaps, last time. The
occasion seemed, therefore, a proper
one for he gentlemen of this bar to
show their appreciation of the Chan?
cellor, not only as a man, but as a
representative of that noble judi?
ciary, soon to give way to a new
regime. The venerable Mr. DeSaus
sure spoke ns follows, and Joseph
Daniel Pope, Esq.. seconded the
May it please your Honor, I am
charged by tho bar of Columbia with
tho duty of presenting to your
Honor the resolutions which I hold
in my hand, and a more grateful
office could not have been assigned
In ordinary times, a tribute so cor?
dial to a high public functionary,
whose course lias commanded our ut?
most respect, would bo just, and to
tho bar a most grateful duty; but it
is eminently proper, under the cir?
cumstances which attend our parting
with your Honor. A noble and high
toned judiciary, which has for so
many years challenged tho respect
and affection of tho peoplo of South
Carolina, i.i about to be swept from
existence. We mourn over the
threatened annihilation of a great
institution, around which our re?
spect and affections have so long
clustered, and wo part with your
Honor as tho last representative wo
shall be permitted to see.
Whereas, the liar of Columbia has,
for the first time, been favored by an
official visit from our distinguished
and esteemed fellow-citizen, bia |
Honor Chancellor Lescsne, whoso
purity of private life, legal loaming
and clear judgment, commended him
to the Stato as ono who would ad?
minister the law with ability, purity,
aud with the single purpose of doing
impartial justice as an upright judge;
and whereas, in the course of eveuts
by which wo aro now surrounded, it
may bo possible that this, his first,
visit to us may be his last, in his
official capacity as a Chancellor of
South Carolina, therefore be it
Resolved, That the bar of Colum?
bia recognize in Chancellor Lescsne
tho virtuous mun, tho useful citizen,
tho upright Judge, and the Christian
gentleman, to whom the affection of
the people of South Carolina will
continue to cling, whether during
the remainder of his years we shall
greet him in tho walks of private
life, or shall behold him i:? the vi?
cissitudes of tlio future, still called to
tho administration of the law ns a
Judge upon tho bench. And amid
all tho chances and changes of life,
wo extend to him a sincere and nffec*
tionato God speed.
The Chancellor responded, with
deep feeling, and in that courteous
and refined stjde so eminently charac?
teristic of one, tho brilliancy of whose
intellectual traits is not unattended
by tho radiance of moral feeling.
When ho closod his remarks, it was
observed that there were none pre?
sent who did not feel tho omotions
which tho occasion properly pro?
If we may be permitted to add a
word, it would bo to put on record
our appreciation of tho high attain?
ments, the lofty character, and the
stainless purity of that judiciary
corps, of which the honorable Chan?
cellor is ono of the youngest, though
not tho less shining, representatives.
The Judiciary of South Carolina boa
a noble record, and when, in obe?
dience to tho mnndeto of power,
these gentlemen shall bo ?..died upon
; to abdicate their respective places,
they will lay aside a spotless ermihe.
We leam that Dr. F. W. Green
and Mr. Greenfield have declined the
doubtful alder manie. honor? conferred
npon them by Gen. Canby. Tho
great body of tho community will
I approve of onrestoemed fellow-and ,
I adopted-citizens' vindication of
LECTURE.-We have been requested
togivo notico that the lecture of Colo?
nel Thomas, postponed on account
of the rain, will be bo given in Caro
liua Hall (lately Gibbes',) this (Tues?
day evening, 23d, at 8!? o'clock.
The subject is a popular ono, vindi?
catory of tho State and suggestive of
a hopeful future. Tho proceeds are
for a charitable purpose. Tickets of
admission to bo obtained at the book
and drug stores and at the door.
THE PALMETTO ENGINE HOUSE.
The scaffolding has beon re-erected
around this building, and the mem?
bers are endeavoring to raise suffi?
cient funds to complete it. Thc
, Committee on Subscriptions will call
on our citizens during the present
week; and any who feel disposed to
aid in thc work-aud who may be
overlooked by the committee-are
requested to leave their contribu?
tions with Captain W. B. Stanley.
"BENDER UNTO ?MSSAB THE
TRINOS THAT ABE G/ESAB'S."-If we
may credit a statement which has
been made npon tho streets, it is not
entirely to General Canby that we
are to look for the recent changes in
our municipal government. Ii Gen?
eral Canby gave tho order, it is said
that thc recommendation of the
names put in, including those of three
colored men, came from a source
nearer home than Charleston. If it
be true, this community will bear in
mind this incident, and put a proper
estimate upon tho act of ono who
would thus seek to humiliate them
and subject them to a distasteful ne?
cessity. We shall say no more,
except to express our gratification
and pride at finding that thus, far,
nt least, two of the appointees of
Gen. Canby have declined to become
tho instruments of a wanton outrage
upon the sensibilities of the good
people of tho capital of the State. ,
MAUI ARRANGEMENTS.-^-The post
office open during the week from Sy.i
a. m. to 7 p. m. On Sundays, from
4 to 5 p. m.
The Charleston aud Western mails
arc open for delivery &t4y.i p. m., and
close at 8}< P- ai. Charleston night
mail open S}.< a. m., close i}? p. m.
Northern-Opou for delivery at
8!.< a. m., closes at 2.45 p. m.
Greenville-Open for delivery 5}?
p. m., closes at 8)? p. m.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Special at
tent ion is called to the following ad?
vertisements, published for the first
time this morning:
Tozer & McAlister-Notice.
J. W. Barnwell-Oration.
Jacob Levin-Auction Sale.
A. S. Wallace-U. S. Sale.
Meeting Alert Baso Ball Club.
D. C. Peixotto & Son-Auctiou.
C. V. Carrington-G. & C. R. R.
C. Bruce Walker-University.
Tho following is a list of the
officers of the Maybinton Democra?
tic Club: J. E. Cofleld, President; W.
D. Hardy, vice-President; John T.
Bynnm and J. M. Gondelock, Secre?
taries. Thirty-eight white and eight
A step from tho sublime to the
ridiculous. Thc New York Herahl
Napoleon heard tho voico ot^a
great, a freo, a mighty and a con?
quering people, trembled and re?
tired, with his tail between his legs.
Senator Davis, of Kentucky, made
j the other day the following sugges?
tion in tho United States Senate.
Mr. Davis had not much confidence
in rebels who came and professed to
be radicals. Ho suggested to the
committee to adopt a plain, compre?
hensive bill, snch as tho following:
Be it enacted, That every "red
handed rebel" who took part against
the Government of the United States
in the late war, and whose hands aro
still red with the blood of Union
soldiers, upon taking tho oath that
he will support the radical party,
shall be, and he is hereby, re-instat?d
to all his rights, civil and political.
Mr. Stewart--Will the Senator vote
for that bill?
Mr. Davis^-I would as soon voto
for that bill ns to vote for the ono
under conaideratic^. I think that in
principle and . in justice they would
be about equal.