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Attend the True Brent."
Tri-Weekly $5 a Year
BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
COLUMBIA. S. C.. FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 26, 1868.
VOLUME IV-NO. 82
JP?DLI8HED DAILY AND TRI-WEEK LT.
' EVERY WEDNESDAY MORNING.
BY JULIAN A. SELBY,
EDITOR AND PnOPBrETOB.
Office on Main at re ct, a few doora ab ovo
Taylor (or Camden) ? tree t.
Daily Paper, six months.14 00
Tri-Wookly, V H .2 50
Weekly, ??. "... .1 50
Inserted at 75 cents per square for the first
Insertion, and 50 cents tor each subsequent.
Weekly 75 cents each insertion.
MW A liberal discount made on the chova
raies whet* advertisements are inserted br
the month or year.
Lexington-B. J. Ii ayes.
J. B. Allen, Chester.
JuUus Poppe, Anderson C. H.
S. P. Kinard, Newberry O. H.
James Grant, Union.
FISHER & LOWRANCE.
COLUMBIA, S. C.
THE front part of our
Store having been damaged
by the recent storm, we will
be compelled to sell off our
Stock of CLOTHING, CAS
SIMERES, HATS, &c, at or
nearly COST, for want of
New styles of Boys' Straw
HATS just received.
R. & W. C. SWAFFIELD.
WATCHES and JEWELRY RE?
PAIRED by an experienced
and expeditious workman.
May 1_G. PIERCES.
IN compliance with tho request of
many lovers of the game, my
SALOON has been RE-OPENED.
A BAR is connected with the
Saloon, at which Seeger' UNADUL?
TERATED LAGER BEER can
always be obtained; also, WINES,
BRANDIES, etc. G. PIERCES.
TO THE LADIES.
MRS. C. E. REED has |
just received a splendid
, assortment of DRESS
?TRIMMINGS. Also, a
fresh supply of MILLI?
NERY GOODS, of all
descriptions, at wholesale
and retail. French Cor- |
sets, Zephyr Worsted Hair Braids,
Curls, etc., which will be sold very
DRESS-MAKING in all branches,
warranted to give satisfaction.
Main street, over R. C. Anderson's |
clothing store. April 22 3mo
??SBy HAVING j nst received, ?\
ZjfeLftn addition to my formera.
^^T"stock of tho abeve, IT
offer, at low prices, a variety Of I
BEDSTEADS, BUREAUS, SIDE?
BOARDS, CHAIRS, TABLES, PA?
TENT IRON BEDSTEADS, PA?
TENT COTS. PATENT SPRING
BEDS, SAFES, and other articles
too numerous to mention. FURNI?
TURE and MATTRESSES MADE
TO ORDER. Particular attention
given to REPAIRING, PACKING
April 28 Opposito Masonic Hall. |
SPECIAL gCffilQIjffi -H
MENTAL DEGRESSION.--Mental do
pression is a disease of the nervous BJB
tem, and of all the ills flosh is heir to it is
the one that excites the least sympathy.
It is a subjoct of frequent Josts, and is
called by various der in i vo terms; but, al?
though it is ofton laughed at, it is not
easy to laugh tho patient out of the belief
that his ills are all real, for it ia a real dis?
order-the general features of which are
constant fear, anxiety and gloom. Tho
external senses, as well as tho mental
faoultios, ofton manifest symptoms of de?
rangement. Noiso, as of falling water,
and ringing in the ears, aro complained
of, whilo black specks and fiery sparks
frequently flit beforo tho vision. Admoni?
tions Uko these should not bo disregarded,
as they may, if neglected, torminato in
insanity. Tho seat of the disease is in the
brain and nervous system, and to control
the malady it is necessary to uso a power*
fol tonic and alterativo, which will corroct
and tono thoso organs without inflaming
the brain. This is tho socret ot tho BUC
cesB of HOSTETTEB'S STOMACH BIT?
TERS in cases of this kind, for which it is
the safest as woll as the best of restora?
In fact, it is the only pore and reliable
tonic stimulant known. Manv nostrums,
purporting tobe tonics, aro puffed up from
timo to timo in the newspapers, but thc
sufferer had better let them alono. Hos
tetter's Stomach Bittors has proven itself,
by many yearB of trial, to bo in every re?
spect what it is represented to be.
Th? Q,milter Liniment ; the best lini?
ment for family uso; can bo used internally
and outwardly. It is a great pain destroy?
er. It kills pain and all kinds of aches'
Sold by Fisher St Heinitah._
??MANHOOD."-Another New Medical
Pamphlet from the pen of Dr. Curtis. Tho
Medical Times says of this work: "This
valuable treatise on tho causo and euro of
prtmaturo decline eLows how health is
j impaired through secret abuses of youth
and manhood, and how easily regained. It
gives a clear synopsis of thc impediments
to marriage, tho cause and effects of ner?
vous debility, and tho remedies therefor."
A pocket edition of tho abovo will bo for?
warded on receipt of six stamps, by ad?
dressing Doctor Curtie, No. 13!) F street,
Washington, D. C. May 27 ly
THE COLUMBIA PHONIX
Book, Job and Newspaper
Main Street, abovo Taylor.
HAVE your PRINTING done at this
Office, for tho following GOOD REASONS:
Tho proprietor is a Practical Printer,
And attends closely to his Business.
Thc Office is supplied with Everything
Necessary to turn out Good Work.
Prices Lower than any other establishment
In this State, or even New York.
Pamphlets, Ciroulars, Bill Heads,
Lottor Heads, Posters, Hand-bills,
Beceipts, Ball Tickets, Invitations,
Dray Tickets, Checks, Briefs,
Programme.H, Drafts, Blanks,
Wedding, Visiting and Business.Cards, Ste,,
Of all styles and sizos; in fact,
Every Description of Printing!
In ono, two and three colors and in bronze,
promptly attended to.
JULIAN A. SELBY, Proprietor.
_ - j
V/ade Hampton In Virginia.
ADDRESS AT THK COMMENCEMENT OF
WASHINGTON COLLEGE, LEXINGTON.
The correspondent of the Charles?
ton News, ?writing hnder' dato of the
To-day /was tho great day of the
week. At an early hour tho churoh
was packed to its utmost oapaoity,
and large numbers were compelled to
go away for want of room. G o ne nd
Leo presided with that quiot dignity
and grace which so eminently distin?
guish him. He introduced the speak?
ers in few, but well chosen, words,
and it seemed to afford him great
pleasure to confer the honors of the
college upon those who. had so fairly
won them. I notice among tho "dis?
tinguished proficients" the names of
Frank A. Waddill, John H. Inglis
and Edward F. Malloy, of Sooth
Carolina. But, of course, the great
event of the day was tho speech of
General Wade Ham pion. We had
loved him for his heroio deeds during
our great struggle, but we love him
more still for his unwavering devo?
tion to principle since tho war, and
his bold utterances in defence of the
heroes who fell battling for the "lost
cause." Ho was received with a
deafening applause when introduced
by Geu. Lee, and spoko as follows:
GENTLEMEN: In compliance with
the invitation your societies have
done me the honor to extend to me,
I have como to participate in thc
agreeable ceremonies of this occa
siou-au occasion which, fraught as
it must be to you with tho hignosl
interest, is scarcely leas interesting
to myself. To you these commemo?
rative days of your honored Ainu
Maier mark important epochs in youl
lives, for each ono in its annual re
currence brings you ono step nearei
to that goal to whioh youth looki
with so much impatience, and witl
such bright hopes-au entrance int(
the great world. On each anniver
sary of this day, a part of your num
ber leave these halls forever t(
assume, with the toga nulls of man
hood, the grave duties and responsi
1 lilities of the citizen. These oir
cumstances cannot fail to lend to thi
scene absorbing interest for you
while in my heart it wakens man;
and deep emotions. Looking o:
your bright and joyous faces, I re
call those of your kinsmen-in;
bronzed and battlo-staihed comrade
of Virginia. Contemplating thi
grateful scene, over which peace nu
learning combine to throw thei
softening and benign influence,
contrast it with that when embattle
hosts confronted each othor on thi
soil, and remembering who it is thc
now direots your steps along th
paths of virtue and knowledg<
memory brings back the time whe
I, too, had the honor to servo undc
the same great chief. Stirred b
these memories-standing in th:
presenco once again, on tho groun
of this grand old commonwealth
ground hallowed by as precious bloc
as was ever poured out for liberty o
battle-field or scaffold-surrounde
by the brave sons of Virginia an
her fair daughters-need I tell ye
how deep an interest this scene po
sesses for me, or how willingly
obeyed your call hither. Had ar
other inducement been needed 1
bring mo here, it would have bec
found in the opportunity thus offerc
to me of manifesting my profour
respect and veneration for yoi
illustrious President, whoso deeds :
war have shed impc-i?shablo lustre c
his country, and whose conduct
peace has shown that "peace hai
her victories u<? ifss renowned tin
war." You ma; readily uuderstnn
then, how grout a pleasure it giv
me to respond to your flattering i
vitation, and how earnest is my s
licit tide, not only to show my nppi
ciation of it, but to make this occ
sion as agreeable to you as it is
myself. Let mo hope, too, n
young friends, that tho same kin
ness which prompted tho invitatit
may iuduce you to accent the cou
sel I give in tho same spirit wi
which it is offered. The ussociatio
connected with this occasion ha
naturally called up the past gre
history of Virginia, and it hus stru
me ns a significant fact, ono wi
worthy of yonr consideration, tl
tho men who made that hintory
glorious, did so not moro.by the gre
ness of their actions than by t
high principles which prompt
them. It seems to me, thcrefoi
that no theme could bo moro appi
pri?t o or more instructive, on su
an occasion, than one which seeks
impresa on our young men, by t
great lessons and examples of t
past, that to achieve true greatne
or to secure lasting happiness, th
must adopt as the principle to gove
their lives a firm, constant and t
compromising devotion to duty.
Yon who aro gathered here from
all sections of the country, to ac
! quire knowledge, to seek troth, and
! to learn virtue, as disciples of old,
attmeted by the fame of its teaohers,
flocked to the school of Athens to
listen to the words of Socrates, of
Plato and of Aristotle, are soon to
have committed to your charge the
fame, the honor, tho welfare of your
native land, and you will be held ac?
countable, through all succeeding
time, for the manner in which you
fulfil this momentous trust. You
enter upon the great' arena of life at
a time of fearful peril to the coun?
try, and under circumstances of a
most anomalous character. Short as
have been your lives, you have been
spectators of mighty events. You
have seen ancient and time-honored
constitutions swept away by the
storm of a fierce fanaticism which
"fears not God nor regards man."
You have seen government framed
by tho highest intellect, guided by
the loftiest patriotism, torn down by
arbitrary power, which has set up in
their stead others that, like the gourd
of the prophet, have sprung up in a
night. You have seen great States
blotted out of existence and stripped
even of their names-names which
they had made illustrions. And you
have seen all theso things done in
the namo of God and liberty! These
grave scenes which have passed be?
fore yon in snob rapid and startling
succession, may well'arouso you to a
sense of tho solemn duties you are
soon to assume ns citizens, amd may
well inspiro an earnest desire to dis?
charge theso duties so ns to promote
the welfare of yonr country, or at
least tc rescuo it from the ruin that
seems impending. Destiny has
placed you upon the stago in the
midst of a mighty revolution, which
threatens to sweep away and oblite?
rate forever all that has been
achieved by the courage, the wisdom
and the patriotism of your fathers,
and it will bo yours to arrest and roll
back this fearful avalanche, or to be
crushed into the earth as it sweeps
on in its direful and relentless pro?
gress. It will bo yours to repair tho
shattered fortunes of your State, to
heal tho wounds inflicted on her by
savage war, and to build up and
maintain now social and political sys?
tems. Theso are the grave duties
forced upon you by inexorable ne?
cessity at tho very threshold of your
career, and to meet them aa becomes
men, sprung from tho noblo stock
yon are, may well demand all your
patience, your fortitude, your wis?
dom and your patriotism, liome,
whilo mistress of tho world, was
wont to give her sons, as a solemn
charge, to "see that the Republic
suffers no detriment." When yon
assume tho duties of citizenship, let
this order of the great Republic be
the maxim to govern you in all 3'our
relations to your Stato. Determine
firmly that whatever may be your
future position, whether a public or
a private statiou, by no word, or
thought, or deed, to work detriment
to your Stato. l?o true to her, come
weal, come woe; true to her material
interests, her spotless fame, her un?
sullied honor, hor grand traditions.
You owe this duty to tho memory of
those immortal men who made Vir?
ginia what she was; you owo it tc
thoso who aro to come after you; you
owe it to yourselves, you owe it tc
She cannot now address her som
iu the proud language of haughty
Rome, and order them to see to il
that the Republic suffers no detri?
ment; for hor voice-that of old was
so potent-is stifled, but in mutt
agony she points to her heroic sons
she has borne to teach her youngei
born how to live for he1- and, if neet'
be, how to die for her. As she calli
up her mighty dead to stand before
you, methinks I seo coming at hoi
summons an illustrious host of ho
roes, sages and patriots. I see as
sembled the sons of tho Old Domi
nion-mon of heroic mould-ant
from their midst I hoar tho voice o
"the forest-boru Demosthenes" as hi
exclaims, in tones that rousod Ame
rica, and still find an coho iu tin
heart of every lover of froedom
"Give mo liberty or givo me doath.'
I see Jefferson, as with imprcssivi
solemnity ho presonts to tho patriot
of '7G what wa? ouco our Magm
Churla, tho immortal Declaration o
Indepondonco. I seo Madison fram
ing that Constitution which he fondl;
hoped-but, ala?! in vain-was t'
secure the blessings of liberty to hi
country. I seo Mason giving to hi
State her noblo bill of rights, am
Marshall adding dignity to tho bend
by his justice and his learning, am
shedding lustre on his State by hi
virtue. Along with these, I see
countless throng of her noblo son
"whose names the world will no
willingly let die," and, towerinj
aboyo all, I see approach in awful
majesty the man who wan "first in
war, first in peace, and first in the
hearts of his count ry mon." These
mighty shades- seem to ad j uro yon to
be true to your stricken and desolate
mother, to cling to her with filial
reverence, and to protect, to uphold
and to defend her against every ene?
my. Can yod, dare you, sons of
Virginia, with snoh examples and
such teaching before you, bs false to
the land that gavo you birth? Your
great.countrymen who gavo renown
to their State were inspired ' by an
ardent patriotism, and it is for the
purpose of keeping ?live in your
hearts this sacred fire that I cito them
as examples for your imitation; Your
first duty as citizens is to cherish
constantly a pure and fervent love
for your State, for without this yon
can achieve nothing; great or good for
her. Ambition m-iy kindle in the
heart of its votary a thirst for fame,
and rouse him to the achievement of
glory, but it ia the holy love of coun?
try alone that inspires the patriot's
heart and nerves his arm, that makes
him happy to suffer in her cause or
die in her defence; happier, indeed,
to give his lifo in the effort to make
her free, than to live to see her en?
Napoleon, after conquering the
world, fell before the great soldier
whose sword was drawn only at tho
call of his country, and who
fought, as he did everything else,
from a source of duty alone. It is
tho crowning glory of Wellington,
not that ho vanquished the greatest
captain tho world ever saw, but that
he mado duty the principle which
governed his whole life. He has
himself left upon record a sontiment
that shows how deeply this principle
was implanted in his nature, and
which I commend to you as one of
the noblest utterances ever made.
"Some Frenchman," he writes, "has
said that the word duty is to be
found in every page of my despatches,
and the word glory not once. This
is meant, I am told, as a reproach,
but the foolish follow does not sec
that if mero glory had been my
object, tho doing of my duty must
have been the means." Thus spake
the hero of Waterloo; and you may
learn, from his example, no less than
his words, that the highest and
truest glory consists in the conscien?
tious discharge of every duty. Pa?
triotism is the first duty of the citi?
zen, but, to fullfil the highest destinj
of man on earth, your lives must be
directed by, and devoted to, thal
gr^at truth announced by Lord Ba
con, when ho declares that "the
duties of lifo aro more than life.'
It was this sublime truth that in
spired tho heart of him whose
honored namo your college bears
that sustained him in the darkes:
hours of his country-that led hin
on to triumph-and that has mad(
him revered throughout tho world af
ono of its noblest and greatest beue
factors. Follow as closely as 3*01
can in tho foot-steps of your groa
countryman; and, though it may no
be given to yon to reach that grant
height to which he soared, you can, a
least, like him, walk through lifo ii
tho path of duty, and bo supported
ns he was, in tho hour of death, bj
that blessed faith which spring;
alone from tho faithful discharge o
every duty to one's country, to hi
fellow man, and to God.
In these days, when justice is for
gotten, honor laughed to scorn, .*??<
truth scoffed at; when the fonndn
tions of tho groat deep of morals ar
shaken to their centre, and whei
falsehood and perjury are disguise)
under pleasant names, we may wei
call on our young men, in whom lio
the future hope of the country, b
mould their being from the uobl
model presented by his. Let thor
learn, from tho study of his history
that truth was the firm basis o:
which his great character was formed
and lot thom remember that, if th
devil is tho father of lies and liar.?
no truo excellence of character ca
bc attained whore tho eu uer-stonc
aro not truth and honor. Who
Home could apply the epithet '-'wei
<laxu to Greece, and speak of "lyin
Greece," tho laud of Aristotlo an
of Socrates was but a subjugate
province, whoso people were slavoi
It was not always tims. There wu
a time when the Greek thought trut
essential to freedom, and when h
regarded a viol it ion of faith ns
heinous crime. You remomber, thi
when tho rob?is, headed by Cyloi
had been conquered, and song!
refuge at tho altars of their godi
safety and amnesty wore promised t
them, on condition of thoir layin
down their arms. Upon the faith <
this pledge, given to them by th
Government, they surrendered, an
were slain. The miers, who had tht
added murder to perjury, were ?ub*
quently banished; and, \?hon their
bodies were brought baok for inter?
ment, popular vengeance was not
satisfied until their bones were ex?
humed and cast ont of the or t?rntiy?
as unworthy to repose in tht sci of
Greece. History, wo aro told, ie
constantly repeating itself; and, if a
parallel should ever, unhappily, be
I found in this country, to tho broken
faith of the rulers of Athens, let us
hope that there will at least be public
virtne enough left among ns to set
the seal of eternal infamy on those
who thus bring disgrace on their
country. The heraldic motto of the
Father of his Country, was, "exitus
ada pro vdt, " How nohly the event
proved the deeds in his case, tho
j world knows, and it should be your
-study to transmit to posterity a like
It is true, that Heaven grants to
but the favored few to be great, but
it mercifully places it in the power of
all to be good, and to do good, eaob
in his allotted sphere.
"Who noble ends by noble means obtains,
Or, failing, smiles in exile or in chains,
Like good Aurelius, let. him reign or
bleed * ..',, ,
Like Socrates, that mnn Is great indeed."
Whatever may be that sphere in
which your lot shall be cast, you will
there find appointed duties and re?
sponsibilities. A wide field for tho
useful employment of every talent
committed to your charge will soon
be open to you, and tho proeperit}',
of your State in the future will de?
pend mainly on the manner in which
those talents are used. How you
may best restore her lost prosperity
is a question that will demand your
earnest and patriotic consideration.
You car? not look back to the expe?
rience of your predecessors for the
solution of this problem, for you will
be required to inaugurate a new sys?
tem which revolutionizes tho entire
political and agricultural economy of
your State. Of the political aspects
of this system, it docs not become
mo to speak, nor would this be a
proper occasion for the discussion of
this topic; but I may be allowed,
without impropriety, to adjure you,
by every memory of tho glorious
post, by every hope of tho future, to
dedicate your lives to tho sacred duty
of vindicating the fame, sustaining
tho honor, and protecting tho rights
of your State. It is to make this
lesson sink deep into your hearts
that I have dwelt so long on thc
obligations of patriotism as tho para?
mount duty of tho citizen. Let me
enforce that lesson by recalling to
your remembrance the most sublime
example of this virtuo recorded in
the history of the world. When the
great leader of tho Jews hod brought
his people out of the land of bond?
age, as they were approaching that
promised land which he was to see,
but not to enter, he was called up to
Mount Sinai to hear the command?
ments of Jehovah, and to receive the
tablets whereon they were inscribed
by tho finger of God himself. Re?
turning to his peoplo, ho found that
they had in his absenco not only for?
gotten him, but their God, and they
were worshipping tho golden calf,
which, they had impiously set up.
With a heart foll of shame und of
sorrow, he sought again tho prosenco
of Him to whom ho had always gone
in the hour of trouble, and he cried:
"Oh, this people havo sinned a great
sin, yet now, if Thou wilt forgive
them-and if not, blot me, I pray
Thee, ont of tho book which Thou
hast written." Many men have died
willingly for their country, but
Moses, alone of all mankind, Moses,
the friend of God, the man who had
seen His glory, who had talked with
Him, face to face, amid the thunders
of Sinai, offered for his people au
immortal soul. Standing before
Him, who could read every thought
of his heart, and in whoso pretence
no hypoorisy could avail, ho prayed
if his peoplo had sinned past re?
demption that ho might share thoir
fate, oven should that fato blot him
forever out of tho Book of Life!
Could patriotism lay on tho shrine of
country a nobler offering than this?
No such costly sacrifice can bo asked
of yon, and you will fulfil your duty
to your country if you dedicate your
lives to ber service. When England's
great admiral led his fleet against
the enemies of bis country, as the
battle signal was run up and floated
proudly from tho mast-hood of tho
ling-ship, there wore scon inscribed
on it only tho simplo but gran?!
words, "England expects every mau
todo his duty." So, too, may Vir?
ginia address her sons, ami it they
respond as becomes thom, you will
see your,State restored to her pros
Sority. her renown, and her right*,
ut while I leave all tonics pertain,
ing to your political duties to you?,
own able statesmen, who havo. with
tho righi to advise you, tor greater
ability^to do so thou myself, let ux?